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November 05, 1938 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1938-11-05

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_._ ____._.___._ 1

Rain and somewhat cooler.


131k ig ant


VOL. XLIX. No. 36



_ I _____________ I ______________________________________

Roosevelt Asks For
Election Of Liberals
In Coming Contest)

Praises Gov. Murphy For
Settling Michigan Strikes
By PeacefulNegotiation
Asks Re-election
Of Gov. Lehman



Catholic Worker Editor
Visits Here Tomorrow

Rails Cancel
15 Per Cent
Pay Cut Plan
Board's Recommendations
Agreed To Reluctantly;
Want Congressional Aid
Decision Forestalls
Threatened Strike
CHICAGO, Nov. 4-(P)-The Na-
tion's major railroads canceled an
order for a 15 per cent wage cut for
approximately 930,000 employes to-
day in the hope their action would
expedite government aid.
The decision forestalled a strike of
the workers and cleared the way for
drafting legislation to help the car-
Withdrawal of the pay reduction
notice was recommended last Satur-
day by President Roosevelt's fact-
finding board. J. J. Pelley, president
of the Association of American Labor
Executives Association, conferred

HYDE PARK, N.Y., Nov. 4.-(IP)-
President Roosevelt tonight urged the
American people to elect on next
Tuescday candidates "known for their
experience and their liberalism."
The President, speaking from the
library of "his home here, also ap-
pealed for election of candidates
"without regard to i race, color or
His 3,000-word address, broadcast
over three national radio chains, re-
jected the "negative purposes pro-
posed by old-line Republicans and
Communists alike-for they are peo-
ple whose only purpose is to survive
against any other fascist threat than
their ,own."
Referring to Governor Murphy of
Michigan he said:
"During my four years as governor
and during my nearly six years as
President I am proud of the fact that
I have never called out the armed
forces of the state or nation except
on errands of mercy. That type of
democratic wisdom was illustrated
last year by the action of Governor
Murphy when he persuaded the ne-
gotiators of the employers and em-
ployes to sit around a table and thus
got an agreement, avoided bloodshed,
ahd earned the praise of both sides
of a controversy that had frightened
a whole nation."
Asks Reelection Of Lehman
The President urged the re-election
of Gov. Herbert H. Lehman in his
home state of New York and others
on the state ticket, mentioning Sen.
Robert F.'Wagner, candidate for re-
election, and Rep. James M. Mead,
candidate for the short Senatorial
term, by name.
He also took occasion again to
praise the record of Gov. Frank
Murphy of Michigan in handling
Michigan strikes, saying he had sub-
stituted negotiation for risk of blood-
shed. Murphy is opposed .for re-
election by former Gov. Frank D.
Fitzgerald, Republican.
Without mentioning Lehman's Re-
publican opponent, District Attorney
Thomas E. Dewey, by name, Mr.
Roosevelt said pointedly:'
"We need more active law enforce-
ment, not only against the lords of
the underworld, but also against the
lords of the overworld."
Mr. Roosevelt took another shot at
dictatorships and declared the New
Deal did not assume for a minute that
"all we have done is right or all that
we have done has been successful,
but our economic and social program
of the past 5/2 years has definitely
given to the United States a more
stable and less artificial prosperity
than any other nation in the world
has enjoyed."
Business Cooperative'
He pointed to a pick-up in automo-
bile and other industrial employment
and said he had been happy in the
last six months to see "how swiftly
a large majority of business men have
been coming around to accept the ob-
jectives of a more stable economy
and of certain necessary supervision
of private activities in order to pre-
vent a return of the serious abuses
and conditions of the past."
"But if there should be any weak-
ening of the power of a liberal govern-
ment next Tuesday," he continued, "it
would resurrect false hopes on the
part of some business men, now be-
ginning to change antiquated ideas
that if they can hold out a little
longer no adaption to any change will
be necessary."
The President warned the voters
against false prmises. He said that
invariably before an election all par-
ties are friendly to labor and the un-
employed and are against monopoly.
But he repeated his warning of two
years ago at Syracuse, N. Y., against
those who say they are for the New
Deal objectives but do not like the
methods the administration uses to
attain them,.
He urged the people to judge can-

didates, not merely by what they
promise, but "what they have done,
by their records in office, by the kind
of people they travel with, by the
kind of people who finance and pro-
mote their campaigns."

Peter Maurin, co-editor of the
"Catholic Worker," a liberal monthly
magazine, will speak on "The Green
Revolution" at 8 p.m. tomorrow at
Lane Hall under the joint sponsorship
of the Newman Club and the Student
Religious Association.
Men's Council
Asks Petitions
For Soph from

Eight Posts Are,Open To
students From Literary
And Engineering Schools
A call for petitions for the eight
posts on the sophomore class dance
committee was issued yesterday by
Men's Council, in the first move of
the newly-reorganized student gov-
ernmental system on campus.
This Soph Prom Committee, ac-
cording to. the Council resolution
which was passed Oct. 27, will be
composed of eight elected members;
five from the literary college (to in-
clude two women) and three from
the engineering college.
Petitions must be submitted by 8
p.m. Tuesday, Nov. 8, by men to the
Men's Council judiciary committee
and by women to the League judiciary
committee, Fred Luebke, '39E, presi-
dent explained. Judging by these
committees will be on the basis of
material contained in the applica-
tions and on personal interviews
which will be held Wednesday and
Thursday, Nov. 9 and 10.
Three to five candidates for each
of the eight positions will be selected
by Men's Council at its meeting
recommendations of the judiciary
Thursday, Nov. 10, acting on the
Petitions of literary students must
contain 35 signatures of sophomores
in the literary college and those of
(Continued on Page 2)
Haleeki To Talk
About Poland
Noted Professor Is Making
Tour Of Country
The economic and political posi-
tion of Poland in relation to the rest
of the world and especially to Russia
and Germany will be discussed by
'Prof. Oscar Halecki of the University
of Warsaw, Poland, in two lectures
here Tuesday and Wednesday.
He is lecturing at more than a
score of American colleges and
universities this fall under the aus-
pices of the Kosciuszko Foundation,
an organization founded in 1926 on
the 150th anniversary of General
Tadous Kosciuszko's arrival in Amer-
ica to aid the colonial struggle for
independence. Its purpose is the pro-
motion of .cultural and intellectual
relationships between Poland and the
United States, and, including this
year, it has exchanged more than 150
students and professors, granting
more than $110,000.
New York Court
Exonerates Nazis
NEW YORK, Nov. 4-(1)-Five
judges of the Supreme Court appellate
division in Brooklyn today unani-
mously exonerated six members of
the German-American settlement
League, operators of Camp Siegfried,
at Yaphank, Long Island, who were
convicted of violating the civil rights
law in Suffolk County last July.
"No matter how great the desire
to stamp out Naziism, the method
taken must be within the law," the
decision said.
Community Fund
*14 "

HYDE PARK, Nov. 4.-( P)-Presi-
dent Roosevelt expressed gratifica-
tion today at the announcement that
major railroads would cancel a pro-
posed 15 per cent wage cut, and he
reiterated the hope that a "construc-
tive" railway rehabilitation program
would be enacted at the next session
of Congress.
with Mr. Roosevelt Monday. They an-
nounced then he had promised to sup-
port a legislative program to aid the
rail lines and had expressed confi-
dence an informal committee of six,
representing labor and management,
could present one to the next con-
Alluding to these developments,
Pelley informed President Roosevelt
by telegram today that "the railroads
are taking this action not because
they agree with the conclusions
reached by the fact-finding board,
but because they recognize the
gravity of the situation and because
they hope that out of it will corpe,
through the cooperation of all coh-
cerned, a sounder and more equitable
transportation policy."
Socialst Wants
A Labor Party
Warns Against Fascism As
Alternate Solution
The inability of the capitalist sys-
tem to reinvest profits was designat-
ed yesterday by Tuckr Smith, State
chairman of the Socialist party, in an
address at the Union, as "an inner
contradiction" that will cause the
downfall of the present set-up. Mr.
Smith spoke in place of Nahum Bur-
nett, Socialist candidate for Gov-
ernor, in the second political forum
meeting arranged by the Student
"Ifnthis stagnant capital does not
become gainfully employed," Mr.
Smith declared, "it becomes a painful
permanent drug upon the capitalist
system." Under such conditions, Mr.
Smith said that the system weakens
from within, investors become ner-
vous and hire a man to direct the
three-ring circus, such as they did
in Germany and Italy.
Rebels Gain Along Ebro
HENDAYE, France (At the Spanish
Frontier), Nov. 4--(P)-Spanish In-
surgents broadcast a radio announce-
ment tonight that their troops had
occupied Mora De Ebro, major ob-
jective of their Ebro river offensive.
The announcement said Insurgent
forces advanced all along the Ebro
front, reaching the river in several
places in a drive to regain the zone
west of the stream

Fourteen Are Killed
In Airplane Crash
ST. HELIER, Jersey, Channe
Islands, Nov. 4.-(P)-The four-en-
Lgined De 'Havilland airiner "St
Catherine's Bay" caught fire, crashe
into a field and then exploded just
after taking off from here for South-
S ampton today, killing 14 persons.
The dead included all aboard, four
of them women and one a baby, and
a farm worker who was crushed to
death as the big craft fell directly on
him. Aviation experts probing the
crash tonight had failed to deter-
mine the cause.
The accident occurred in a thick
mist just two minutes after thetake-
off for Southampton, 125 miles over
water from this island. The plane
was on the regular Jersey-South-
ampton run
Action Asked
In Adult Field
By Mchiusky
Too Much Talking, Little
Done, Parent Education
Institute Group Is Told
Maintaining that a paralysis is
creeping over college professors and
other leaders of modern communities,
making them do far too much talking
and far too little acting, Prof. Howard
Y. McClusky of the School of Educa-.
tion yesterday urged members of the
Ninth Annual Parent Education In-
stitute to act at once, regardless of
how small a start must be made, in
the carrying out of social reforms
proposed at such meetings as the In-
stitute is now holding.
Speaking before a group which
had just come from a series of con-
ferences on various aspects of mod-
ern life, Professor McClusky stated
that even in small towns, inhabitants
were nt aware of the sources to which
they could go for help in their per-
sonal problems. Surveys of the most
important problems should- be made
at once, he said, in order that the
groups may know facts, and upon the
completion of the surveys, they should
Dr. F. B. Knight of Purdue Uni-
versity opened the morning session
asking his audience "How well do you
know yourself?" "The only thing that
matters much to your boys and girls,"
he said, "is what you really are. Gen
uinely, honestly believe in yourself
and your children will live to bless
Whether the schools are going too
far with innovating practices was the
subject of a conference held at 2 p.m.,
led by Miss Edith Bader, assistant
superintendent of the Ann Arbor pub-
lic schools. Salient points made in
the conference were the need of deter
mining a definite goal for education,
Continued on Page 2)
Human Eye On Ice
Flown To New York
human eye, removed from a living
person by a surgeon here today, was
packed in ice ana flown to New York
for use in restormg the vision of sev-
eral persons there.-
The operation was performed at
the Episcopal Eye, Ear and Throat
Hospital. The eye had been pierced by
a fragment of steel and although its
vision was destroyed, the cornea re-
mained intact.

57,000 People Employed'
DETROIT, Nov. 4.-(IP)-Increas-
ing production of 1939 automobiles'
and parallel improvement in other
industries resulted in an increase of
57,000 persons employed in Wayne
county during October.l

Hull Demands
l Rights Of U.S.
Be Respected
Secretary Warns Japanese
Violation Of Treaties
Will Not Be Tolerated
Will Refuse Peace
Contrary To Pacts
WASHINGTON, Nov. 4.-(P)-Cor-
dell Hull, Secretary of State, indicat-
ed today the United States would not
abide by Japan's intention to link
Japan, China and Manchukuo to-
gether politically and economically.
In a formal statement he also gave
the world to understand that this
country would not accept any de-
nunciation by Japan of the Nine-
Power Treaty guaranteeing China's
independence and the open door of
commercial opportunities there.
He served notice that the United
States stands on the existing treaties
dealing with Japan and China. The
American attitude, he said, is gov-
erned by the generally accepted prin-
ciples of international law, by treat-
ies, and by principles of fair dealing
and fair play among nations.
He did not indicate what action
the United States would take and de-
nied reports that he was consulting
with other powers to induce them to
denounce their commercial treaties
with Japan.
The fact that Hull twice mentioned
China and Jagpan in his short state-'
ment was interpreted to mean that,
even as he will refuse to concede Ja-
pan the right to make a peace in Chi-
na prejudicial to the Nine-Power
Treaty, so will he also refuse to recog-
nize the right of China to make a
peace with Japan which would in-
jure the rights of the United States
and other nations.
Japan's contention is that between
1922, when the Nine-Power Treaty
was signed, and today 'conditions
have radically changed ' and that
changing conditions invalidate the
treaty. China no longer exists as it
was in 1922 and Japan is the master
of southeastern Asia.
The reply made here is that condi-
tions have changed because of Ja-
pan's invasion of China in violation
of pacts such as the Nine-Power and
the Kellogg treaties.
Rodzinski I n t
Choral Union's
Second Concert
Cleveland Orchestra Will
Appear Here Monday
Led By Noted Conductor
Continuing their long succession of u
concert triumphs, the Cleveland Sym-
phony Orchestra, now celebrating its
21st year of world-acclaimed en-
gagements and beginning their sixth
year under the magic baton of Artur
Rodzinski, comes to Ann Arbor Mon-
day in the second program of the
Choral Union Series.
The Cleveland organization has
filled a double decade with musical
achievements that reach beyond the
walls of their own Severance Hall.
They have given more than 1000 con-
certs in 26 states, Cuba and Sanada.
This group has made distinct contri-
butions to American music by pre- t
senting works of relatively unknown

composers in their regular concert
In commenting on Artur Rodzinski, a
Prof. Earl V. Moore, director of the
School of Music, says: "On previous -
visits to Ann Arbor Mr. Rodzinski d
has demonstrated beyond question
the reason for his fame in the field r
of orchestral music. He is a virile d
conductor, sensitive interpreter, and
commanding genius on the podium."
The fame of Rodzinski has also i
spread beyond the boundaries of the 1
United States, for during the past t
few 'summers he has performed as
guest conductor with great Euro-
pean orchestras in Salzburg, Vienna, t
London, Budapest, Paris and Prague.
The Polish government has decorated b
him with the medal of Polonia Resti-
tuta, highest cultural award that r
country bestows.
Chibnall Ending Two-Day p
Chemical Lecture Seriesi
Prof. Albert C. Chibnall of the I
TnivPav of aT nnlnnwil mnlifnr+hd t

Forest Fires Blaze In South-West;
Rains Assist Men Fighting Flames

(By Associated Press)
Rain sweeping out of the west yes-
terday revived the spirits of a force of
more than 8,000 men striving to stem
the spread of forest fires in 13 states.
Showers checked several large blazes
in Alabama, Mississippi and western
Tennessee. Heavy winds whisked a
rain storm toward the menaced areas
of the arid midwest.
Losses of more than $300,000 were

River stretched a 1,600 square mile
pall of smoke.
Light precipitation was reported in
western Kentucky. The major con-
fagrations in that state were in Har-
lan and Pike counties. Some 7,500
acres were charred. Damage was
placed at $200,000.
Six forest fires were reported in
SouthernrIndiana. One, in Wash-
ington county, was out of control on
a three-mile front. Fnrt-ftnrc fiar

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