SUNDAY, OCT. 30, 1938
TIHE MICHIGAN DAILY
d managed by students of the University of
nder the authority of the Board in Control of
every morning except Monday during the
rear and Summer Session.
ember of the Associated Press
diated Press is exclusively entitled to the
iblication of all news dispatches credited to
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
publication of all other matters herein also
t the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
s mail matter.
tons during regular school year by carrier,
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NTIGHT EDITOR: MORTON L. LINDER
The editorials published in The Michigan
ally are written by members of the Daily
aff and represent the views of the writers
d Governor Murphy . .
R. DAVID LAWRENCE took occasion
::,M recently to rebuff President Roose-
for his attack on the Dies Committee in con-
on with its activities in Michigan. The
ident, it will be recalled, termed the Dies
mittee a political tool being -used to influence
coming elections. Mr. Lawrence did not take
et exception to this characterization of the
mittee, which is now recognized rather gen-
[y as true. Instead he accused Mr. Roosevelt of
king responsibility for Governor Murphy's
luct during the sit-down strikes, asserting
the Governor "probably prevented the en-
ement of the court orders because Mr.,
sevelt presumably advised him to adopt that
se." The action in question he dismisses with
astonishingly shallow piece of reasoning that
Governor was at fault in not permitting the
't order to be executed because the order
Id have prevented "in Michigan that for
sh the, courts of Illinois now have ordered 37
;ons to go to jail in connection with the seiz-
of property and unlawful trespass." In other
:&s, because sit-down strikers have been jailed
[llinois, the work of Governor Murphy in
enting violence and bringing about a mutual.
lement of the auto strikes in Michigan, with
rithout the advice of President Roosevelt, was
'error of judgment."
Mr. Lawrence will check over his facts he will
thatt on Memorial Day a year ago the Illinois
hod of handling industrial disputes resulted
hie slaughter in cold blood of ten workers and
wounding of 100 others at South Chicago. He
also find numerous other less publicized
dlents of similar nature in both Illinois and
0 in which working men were killed and
nded through the promiscuous use of court
irs and company police. The records of these
ters are in the hands of the LaFollette Com-
ee on Civil Liberties, and although they
:e dramatic editorial material, we have never
}:any of them treated in Mr. Lawrence's
is, moreover, not merely a matter of property
ts versus human rights which is concerned
i. The whole structure of industrial relation-
s is affected adversely by the use of force on
er side of a labor dispute. Who will deny that
primary duty of every governor in the great
es which swept the country in 1936 and
t was to bring about satisfactory settlement
he disputes as quickly as possible by use of
tration? Few if vany accomplished this pur-
as ably as Governor Murphy.
eadlines Tell Story
Chamberlain Peace .. .
T HE FRONT PAGE of any daily news-
paper within the last two weeks pro-
s an unmistakably clear answer to the
tion-how great a service to humanity did
mberlain, Daladier, Inc., perform at the four-
er conference at Munich when "peace" was
d and Czechoslovakia was lost.
By ROBERT I. FITZHENRY
THE INTERNATIONAL spotlight shifted to the
theatre of the undeclared Sino-Japanese war
this week as Nipponese forces recorded heavy
gains in both south and central China. In a
furious drive into Canton, South China's capital,
Tokyo forces severed the Canton-Kowloon Rail-
road, which extends 110 miles from British Hong-
Kong to Canton and is a main concourse of
Chinese munitions from abroad. All communica-
tions between Canton and Hong-Kong were cut as
the Japanese literally raced into Canton, en-
countering virtually no resistance from General
Yu Han-mou, who is alleged to have sold out for
"silver bullets" (bribes).
In the central sector the Japanese slashed
their way up the Yangtze Valley into Hankow
to find the city a "blazing inferno," with water
supply and electricity cut off after the retreat-
ing Chinese' "scorched earth" tactic. Thousands
of terrified Chinese' civilians left behind by the
evacuating army assaulted foreign settlement
barricades as sweeping flames laid waste to
Japanese disregard of neutrality rights brought
a sharp note from Washington demanding reform
and respect for the "open door" of China. Failure
of compliance, it was hinted, might mean sanc-
tions or "black-listing" which would refuse Tokyo
the benefit of lower tariff rates carried in recipro-
cal trade agreements.
Nearest approach to a powder keg in central
Europe was the fate of the 700,000 Magyars, or
Europeans who speak Magyar but classify as
Czech citizens. Last week Hungary caught the
territorial expansion fever and demanded 5,000
square miles on the eastern Czech border. The
Czechs refused to talk in such figures and both
countries hurried troops to the border as a central
European squabble seemed imminent. Latest re-
ports, however, indicate that both countries have
modified their stands and the Hungarian govern-
ment asserted that "negotiation will be con-
tinued through regular diplomatic channels."
THE NEW DEAL shoved "a floor for wages, a
ceiling for hours" into the American indus-
trial structure at 12:01 last Monday morning
when the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act of
1938 became a law of the land. Paying workers
less than 25 cents an hour, working them more
than 44 hours a week at the same rate is now
strictly extra-legal. Purpose of the act: to "irri-
gate" American business in general by jazzing
up the purchasing power. Head man of the re-
vised NRA is Wages and Hours Administrator
Elmer F. Andrews, former New York State Com-
missioner of Industry. Immediate effects of the
measure will be to raise the pay of 750,000
workers and shorten the hours of 1,500,000. By
1945, though, requirements will be more rigorous
-40 cents an hour and 40 hours a week.
. Wholesale lay-offs, shutdowns and threatened
personnel depletions were described by Adminis-
trator Andrews as attempts to sabotage the act
which will be dealt with accordingly.
The burning energies of the Dies Committee
were assailed last week in caustic terms by the
President who branded the Texas Democrat's
probe into un-American activities as a forum
for dissatisfied politicians to air "absurdly false
charges" deliberately directed at preventing the
re-election of Gov. Frank Murphy. Mr. Roose-
velt hurried to bat for Governor Murphy, defend-
ing the latter as a "true American who was con-
cerned not only with the letter but with the
spirit of the law" in his mediation of auto stikes.
New York's spy trials droned on and German
agents were still playing the leading roles in the
court rooms. A jury of ten men and two women
heard U. S. Prosecuting Attorney Lamar Hardy,
unravel a tangled and bungled spy saga which he
called "more fantastic than fiction."
The espionage net, according to Hardy, was
conceived and directed from the German War
Ministry and carried out by petty agents who
transmitted their intelligence through messengers
working aboard German-owned trans-oceanic
Specifically, Hardy said, German military ex-
perts were after: designs of American warships,
airplanes and anti-aircraft guns; (2) Army
mobilization plans for the eastern seaboard;
(3) coast artillery defenses in the Panama Canal
Zone. "Forging letters on the President's station-
ery and gassing a top-ranking Army officer"
were not to be unused instruments.
were held at German concentration points await-
ing possible deportation to their homeland today
while Warsaw and Berlin governments debated
the meaning of a new Polish citizenship law."
"Toky'o-Japan, having captured Canton,
South China metropolis, capped her long Yangtze
river campaign by occupying Hankow, the
Chinese provisional capital. Her forces today
pursued retreating Chinese fifty miles beyond in
a drive to consolidate big gains in central China
. . . Japan protested to France against alleged
shipments of arms to China and warned of
possible consequences unless the (traffic was pro-
Service to humanity? The Chamberlain-Dala-
dier crowd has brought about a state of war
on democracy and peace. To say that the French
and English should have called a halt to the
march of fascism at Munich is not to say that
the "democracies" should have gone to war.
Hitler, it must be remembered, stood still during
the crisis when it seemed that London and Paris
were really going to say "no."
You Purl One, Knit One, Or Is It Two?
4:30 p.m. today. Executive commit-
tee meeting at 4 p.m.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
University. Copy received at the offic of the Assistant to the President
until 3:30; 11:00 a m. on Saturday.
(Uontinued from Page 3)
noon, Lane Hall. All members
the Freshman Class are welcome
be held Tuesday, Nov. 1 at 2:30 p.m.
in the Michigan League with Mrs.
Of Ca Dhs
o Carl Dahlstrom acting as hostess.
to __ __ _
International Council Program:
The program which follows, at 7 p.m.,
the usual 6 o'clock supper takes the
form of a symposium on "School Cus-
toms in My Country." It will be lead
by students from six different coun-
tries. There will be a general discus-
sion. Foreign students are urged to
bring pictures of their home schools
and their school activities. ,
International Relations Club will
meet at 4 p.m. Sunday in Room 319
at the Union. The topic under dis-
cussion will be "Aftermaths .,of the
Munich Pact." Professor Calder-
wood will suggest readings to those
who contact him.
The Christian Student Prayer
Group will hold its regular meeting
at 5 o'clock, Sunday, Oct. 30, in the
Michigan League. Please consult the
bulletin board for the room. Visitors
are always welcome.
and the Dormitory Representatives
Tuesday, Nov. 1 at 5 p.m. in the
League. Attendance will be taken by
the Secretaries of the respective
Ann Arbor Independent Women
can get their tickets for the Assembly
Banquet any afternoon this week in
Miss McCormick's office at the
League. All tickets and money must
be accounted for by Friday, Nov. 4.
There will be a regular meeting of
the Ann Arbor Independents Thurs-
day at 4:30. Tickets for the banquet
can be purchased at that time.
First Congregational Church, Cor-
ner of State and William Streets.
Rev. Leonard A. Parr, D.D., minister.
10:45 a.m. Service of worship.
I The subject of Dr. Parr's sermon will
be "The Universal Three."
6 p.m. Student Fellowship. After
supper, Mrs. Charlotta Wagner will
' ive several reading s and there- will
the Round Table Discussions.' Assembly Meeting: There will be a
joint meeting of the League House
Group, the Ann Arbor Independents,
Varsity Glen Club: Rehearsal at l- - -
be a student debate on public utili-
Vulcan's Meeting: The first meet- ties. The debaters will be: Tom Van
ing with the newly initiated men will Sluyters, Harry Pickering, Charles
be held today at 6 p.m. in the Union. Tieman and Charles Karpinski.
Those who have wondered whether Ambassador
Kennedy spoke for the administrations in his
Trafalgar Day speech in London have their
answer. Their doubts should
be dispelled. President Roose-
velt has spoken with clarity
and force. Indeed, I think
that the short speech which
he made over the radio to the
Herald Tribune Forum has
an excellent chance to en-
dure among the public ad-
dresses which Americans will
treasure in the years to come. And when it comes
to carving words upon the walls of colleges or
schools yet to be founded I would like to watch
the chips of granite fly as stone surfaces take
on this sentence:- "It is becoming increasingly
clear that peace by fear has no higher or more
enduring quality than peace by the sword."
Under the impulse of sudden anger a man
may begin to scurry down the ladder of civiliza-
tion with all the agility of a chimpanzee. So it
can be with nations. But nothing degrades the
human spirit to the same degree as abject terror.
A crowd in panic can be the cruelest thiiig in all
the world, and not even the best of us is proof
against the infection. As a matter of fact,,anger
and fear are close kin. A mob of lynchers may
do depraved things of which no individual in the
group would be capable in a sane moment.
From Heaven To Hell
The mobsters become bestial because their
fears seek outlet in angry and brutal deeds. The
mass mind can swing all the way from heaven
to hell. It is possible when two or more are
gathered together for heroism to come out of
the contact or retreat in panic. I suppose Conrad
said almost all there is to be said about the psy-
chology of fear when he wrote "Lord Jim,"
although just recently I read another book which
challenges comparison. "In Hazard," by Richard
Hughes, is a novel about a cargo vessel in a
hurricane. The stout little steamer meets winds
of almost incredible velocity. Although staunchly
built, its gear is disabled and the smokestack
swept away. But it is the testimony of one upon
the vessel that even the wild fury and the shock-
ing sound of the wind bring up to him less terror
than the discovery that the crew has been seized
by panic. Indeed, of all human emotions, fear
is the most fearful. And it can be a lingering ail-
ment. It comes both before and after the event.
Timidity knows no armistice.
It is not within the power of most of us to
delight in danger or to face it without qualms.
One of the most dangerous of all indulgences is
to point the finger of scorn at others and call
them cowards. White feathers come home to
roost. I have known a few men who seemed to
be armored in triplicate and yet there was some
chink in their accouterments.
Foundations Of Terror
Each had his own pet fear. It is not given to
anyone to be brave in all things, but for that
very reason we should not delight in praising any
peace which rests upon the foundations of sheer,
terror. We cannot lie down with fear and wrap
it around us as a comforter.
"There can be no peace if national policy
adopts as a deliberate instrument the dispersion
all over the world of millions of helpless and
persecuted wanderers with no place to lay their
With such policies, whether they be at home'
.r n ,.rnnri unn- - nnn n..n ann m n n . x-
- BY Roy Heath-
Tau Beta Pi: All actives are re-
quested to be at the Michigan Union
promptly at 4:15 p.m. this afternoon.
Please bring your copies of the
constitution and essay titles with
Well, Black Friday has come and
gone and nobody seems to be the
worse for it. The freshmen. feel like
they have a right to walk the streets,
won fairly and squarely from the
only group on campus that was even
suspected of trying to stop them. The
town's tailors anticipate an upswing
in the very near future and, all in
all, the whole riotous evening seems
to have been a great success. It even
produced two heroes in the persons
of Charlie Zwick, nimble fingered
band leader at the League, and Fred
Zwick doesn't seem to deserve
much mention for holding the League
against the mayhem-bent freshmen.
All Charlie did was play the "Victors"
and give a pep talk. He passed the
whole thing off with a few high notes
which inclined many persons to be-
lieve that the League invasion wasn't
very serious . . . . which it wasn't.
But Luebke, there's the man for my
money. According to news reports,
Luebke, '39, club in hand, warned
the freshmen "not to try anything."
It must have been a stirring sight, a
rock-like Luebke, a Luebke not to be
dallied with, a Collossus bestriding
the door of the Union . . . with a
There was authority personified,
unflinching to the end, like Leonidas
at Thermopylae or I-oratius at the
bridge. Like Jerry Hoag and his
blackjack at the Michigan. What a,
tempting sight Luebke, '39, must have
been to the bolder spirits in that
rollicking mob. How many hearts
must have yearned to see Mr: Lueb-
ke's hat floating in the Union pool
. with Mr. Luebke, '39, under it.
If ever anyone issued a mob a clear-
cut invitation to participate in de-
struction Luebke, '39, club in hand,
did. Zwick and his piano flicked the
whole thing off, with a laugh. The
League was bothered no more. Lueb-
ke, '39, was asking for it by present-
ing a hostile but strictly pee-wee
front. If the freshmen wanted to
invade the Union, why didn't Luebke,
'39, let them invade and be damned.
Freshmen always have invaded the
Union and to my limited knowledge,
have never sacked the place. It is
hard enough to buy anything there,
let alone steal anything. Perhaps
the explanation lies in the fact that
Luebke, '39, was trying out the pow-
er of the Men's Council without The
Front Office behind it. Well, Lueb-
ke, '39, president of that august body,
came within an ace of losing his
pants and the freshmen invaded the
"Eilsian Photo Plan
The schedule for 'Ensian senior
pictures has been changed this year
in an effort to relieve the last minute
rush to the photographers, it was
announced yesterday by Charles Kett-
ler, '39, business manager of the
The price of sittings will be $3
Debate Tryouts for the Hillel De-
bate team at the Foundation to-
day at 10 a.m. Tryouts will give
three minute speeches. - .
Junior Research Club: The Novem-
ber meeting will be held on Tuesday,
Nov. 1, at 7:30 p.m., in the amphi-
theatre of the Rackham Building. Dr.
Robley C. Williams will speak on
"Measurement of Stellar Tempera-
tures"; Dr. Jerome Conn will speak
on "The Restoration of Normal Car-
bohydrate Metabolism in Middle-
Aged Obese Diabetics"; and candi-
dates will be elected to membership.
Biological Chemistry Seminar:
Monday, Oct. 31, 7-9 p.m., Room 319.
West Medical Bldg.
"Dietary Factors Associated with,
Hemorrhage and Capillary Perme-
ability-Vitamins K and P" will be
discussed. All interested are invited.
Physics Colloquium: Dr. R. C. Wil-
liams of the Observatory will speak
on "The Determination - of Stellar
Temperatures" at the Physics Collo-
quium on Monday, Oct. 31 at 4:15 in
Room 1041 E. Physics Bldg.
Sigma Xi: The first chapter meet-
ing of the year will be held Monday,
Oct. 31 at 8 p.m. in the third floor
amphitheatre of the Rackham Bldg.-
Dr. Isaacs will give an illustrated lec-
ture on "The Talmud as a Source of
Material for the History of Science."
Zoology Seminar: Mr. Frank W.
Jobes will report on "ThehAge and
Growth of the Yellow Perch in Lake
Erie" on Thursday, Nov.r3 at 7:30
p.m. in Room 2116 N.S.
Association Fireside: Miss Jean-
nette Perry, Assistant Dean of Wom-
en, will speak on "Italy" at Lane
Hall, Wednesday, 8 p.m.
German Table for Faculty Mem-
bers: The regular luncheon meeting
will be held Monday at 12:10 p.m. in
the Founders' Room of the Michigan
Union. All faculty members interest-
ed in speaking German are cordially
invited. Prof. Maurice W. Senstius,
who spent several years in the Dutch
East Indies, will present a brief in-
formal talk on "Einiges uber die hol-
SAE Meeting: A joint meeting with
the ASME and the IAeS will be held
Tuesday evening at 7:30 p.m. at the
Union. Mr. William B. Stout of the
Stout Engineering Laboratories will
be the speaker. Everyone invited.
International Center Hallowe'en
Party: All foreign students are invit-
ed to a Hallowe'en paty at the In-
ternational Center at 8 o'clock
next Monday night, Oct. 31. The.
party is being arranged by the stu-
dents in the University from Lingnan
IUniversity, Canton, China.
The Acolytes will meet Monday
evening, Oct. 31, at 7:30 p.m., in the
west conference room of the Rack-
ham Building. Professor Frankena
will present a short paper on a phase
of intuitionist ethics, to be followed
by an informal social. Graduate stu-
dents and those concentrating in phi-
f losohv are especially invited.
First Baptist Church and Roger
Williams Guild, Sunday, 9:45 a.m.
Students class meets at Guild House,
with Dr. Chapman. 9:30 church
school. 10:45 a.m. Church worship.
Prof.-John Mason Wells, D.D., form-
er pastor of the church will preach.
His theme is "A Symetrical Life."
Prof. Wells is now on the faculty of
6:15 p.m. Students at Guild House.
Four members of the Freshman Class
will speak. Social hour and refresh-
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church.
Services of worship Sunday are: 8
a.m. Holy Communion, 9:30 a.m Ju-
nior Church; 11 a.m. Kindergarten;
11 a.m. Morning Prayer and Sermon
by the Rev. Frederick W. Leech.
Episcopal Student Group: The
speaker Sunday evening at the Epis-
copal student meeting in Harris Hall
will be Mr. A. K. Stevens of the
University of Michigan English De-
partment. Mr. Stevens will speak at
seven o'clock. All Episcopal stu-
dents and their friends are cordially
St. Paul's Lutheran Church, West
Liberty at Third. Reformation Day
services will be held at 9:30 a.m. in
the German language an at 10:45
in English. At both services the pas-'
tor, Rev. C. A. Brauer, will speak on
"Reformation Blessings." A special
offering for missions will be taken
at the services.
Gamma Delta (Student Club) will
meet for supper and fellowship at 6
o'clock. At 6:30 Pastor Brauer will
give a talk on "Luther's Marriage."
All Lutheran students and their
friends are invited to attend.
First Presbyterian Church, 1432
Washtenaw Ave. 10:45 a.m., "Between
The Generations" is the subject of
Dr. Lemon's serlinon at the Morning
4:30 p.m.,.a class for students on
the Bible will be led by Dr. W. P.
5:30 p.m., The Westminster Guild,
student group, supper and social
hour to be followed by the meeting
at 6:45. The discussion groups on
"What Is Christianity?" will be con-
tinued. All Presbyterian students
and their friends are invited.
First Methodist Church. Morning
worship at 10:40 o'clock. Dr. C. W.
Brashares will preach on "The Con-
tradictions of Life."
Stalker Hall. Student class at 9:45
on "The Religions of Mankind." Prof.
W. Carl Rufus will lead the discus-
Wesleyan Guild meeting at 6 p.m.
The Drama Club will present the
play "The Color Line." Fellowship
hour and supper following the meet-
ing. This is the last meeting in our
week of celebration of the 25th An-
niversary of the Wesley Foundations.
Unitarian Church, State and Hu-
"Jesus, according to Upton Sin-;
4:30 p.m. Prism Club.
7:30 p.m. Liberal Students' Union.
Miss Barbara Tinker will speak on
her two years in China, collecting
textiles and witnessing the supreme
tragedy of a people.
9 p.m., Coffee hour.
Christian Reformed Church Serv-
ina fn. c,,irlntc hP.1in ta Mnhis