THE MICHIGAN DAILY
bi WtrG ?R(w . OV m am m SO ,,.,. ,
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Published every morning except Monday during the
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CHICAGO' ROSTON,' L9 ANGELES SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1938-39
Managing Editor. .
Editorial Director .
City Editor .
Associate Editor .
Associate Editor .
Associate Editor ,
Book Editor .
. Robert D. Mitchell
Albert P. May1o
. Horace W. Gilmore
Robert I. Fitzhenry
. . 5. R, Kleimnan
. . Earl Gilman
* . William, Elvin
. Joseph Gies
Business Manager. . . , . Philip W. Buphen
Credit Manager . . . . Leonard P. Siegetman
Advertising Manager . William L. Newnan
Women's Business Manager . elen, Jean Dean
Women's Service Manager . . . Marian A. Baxter
NIGHT EDITOR: STAN M. SWINTON
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent. the views of the writers
What Now? .
OFFICIAL recognition of the Insurgent
regime of Generalissimo Franco by
the Chamberlain and Daladier governments, a
move expected 1y most observers since the
recent capitulation of Barcelona, has opened a
new series of questions and anxieties for the
embattled diplomats of the world.
.With only the United States and the Soviet
Union left among the major powers that have
not yet granted belligerent rights to the Rebel
regime, the feeling in most quarters is that the,
next move in the European steeplechase will be
the exertion of pressure on Franco by the various
interested parties for concessions, or guarantees
In this regard British and French leaders
will probably greet Franco's first official state-
ment yesterday afternoon with little enthusiasm.
Speaking before a gathering at Burgos, his
capital, Franco made the following statements:
"It would be unfair, in these moments of triumph,
when even those who fought against us recognize
us,; that we should not remember those who be-
lieved in us from the first day . . . To our sister
nations, to our sister Portugal, to our beloved
Italy, to friendly Germany, to the nations of
America who also encouraged us then, we give
our friendship and remembrance at this moment."
To Che French and British who expect now to
win the Generalissimo from his close ties with
Italy and Germany, this statement was something
in the way of a rebuff.
Opinion in France and Britain, of course, is
still divided over the wisdom of their respective
governments' course of action in regard to Franco.
In the House of Commons a resolution was pro-
posed by a coalition of Liberals, Laborites and
Conservatives which reclared that recognition of.
Franco is a "deliberate affront to the legitimate
government of a friendly power, is a gross breach
of international traditions and marks a further
stage in the policy which is steadily destroying
in all democratic countries confidence and good
faith in Great Britain."
Meanwhile talk of a truce in the Spanish war
continues. Although everybody outside of Spain
is of the opinion that the war is as good as over,
nothing definite supporting that conclusion has
come out of Loyalist territory, and until some
definite action 4is taken by the Republican com-
mand, it is futile to try to speculate on the terms
of peace that Franco will demand.
The Spanish Church
To the Editor:
In answer to the inferences contained in Mr.
W. A. McLaughlin's letter published in the
Daily of Feb. 28, I wish to offer the testimony of
a Catholic who, furthermore, has lived in Spain:
Mr. Lawrence A. Fernsworth, for many years
Barcelona correspondent for The Times of
In Vol. 15, No. 1 of the quarterly, Foreign
Affairs, he says:
"When one considers the age-long position of
the church in Spain, and that which has now
befallen it, there comes to mind an adaptation
of a famous line: 'Of all sad words of tongue
and pen, the saddest are these: It needn't have
been.' " For indeed the fate of the Spanish Church
in modern times need never have been if only
it had followed another path. This writer some
two years ago cautioned a Catholic editor for
whose journal (being also a Catholic) he some-
times wrote, that Gil Robles was pursuing a
course which would merely make matters worse
for the church. The caution has proved well-
founded. Unpleasant as is the tale of the church's
alliance with the Republic's enemies, the facts
must be faced; the tale must be told. To do
otherwise would be insincere and cowardly.
"In such countries as England and the United
States, where the high calibre of the inen of the
church win them general respect, the question is
incessantly asked: 'How is it that in an almost/
purely Catholic country people can turn against
the church in such fashion?' Catholics and Pro-
testants alike are perplexed to explain how an
institution charged with the mission of spreading
and defending the doctrine of love for one's
neighbor, of the dignity and worth of individual
man, of a common justice for a common human-
ity, and which was,' moreover, in a privileged
position to accomplish its task, should neverthe-
less have failed so miserably as only to stir up
in the hearts of its children a frenzy of distrust
and hate, with all the terrible practical conse-
quences which we are now witnessing? . . .
The Church A Business
"The people had their chief contacts with the
church for funerals, masses and dispensations.
They arrived at the conclusion that the church
was a negocio, a business. Some of the clergy
lived scandalous lives. Too many of them were
accused of attempting to dominate the house-
holds with which they had contact, of setting
themselves up as bosses in the villages, and of
much more. In consequence the clergy came to
lose the respect of great sectors of the popula-
tion-if not, indeed, of a majority of Spanish
Catholics. Hundreds of thousands were com-
pletely driven away from the church. Others,
the anti-clericals, drew a sharp line between
clericalism and Catholicism. Of such were the
many good practising Catholics who favored the
Republic and who bitterly resented the attempts
of the clergy to make them oppose it.
"If . . . the Republic had been convinced that
the clergy would not use the church schools as
centres of propaganda against a government
which the Supreme Pontiff himself had found
not incompatible with the church's interests (the
Papal Encyclical Diletissima Nobis, 1933), it
seems fairly certain that in time it would again
have had its schools. Unfortunately the church
did not see it that way. It went hand-in-glove
with a party and a leader who were known to be
the Republic's archenemies. The people felt
that to maintain itself in power the church stood
ready to wreck the Republic. And so the church
drew destruction upon its own head . .
"Let us now examine briefly the anti-church'
measures to which the Republic had recourse. The
hierarchy and the clergy were cut off from the
public payroll. They were permitted to exercise
their sacerdotal functions as they pleased but
were forbidden to earn a livelihood as teachers.
Cemeteries were laicized: religious burials re-
quired that the deceased should have given per-
mission before his death; public religious funer-
als required the permission of the local authori-
ties (but they were rarely prohibited); religious
processions such as were held in the streets on
great festivals likewise required permission
(they were in the main disallowed, although the
Seville Holy Week processions went on as usual).
Local authorities sometimes harassed the church
by prohibiting the ringing of church bells or
putting a tax upon them.
"A special law dissolved the Jesuit order and
confiscated its property. Another special law,
known as the religious congregations law, sup-
pressed religious schools and limited the activities
of the religious orders, placing them under state
supervision although not suppressing them. The
third of the trilogy of religious laws provided fop
the nationalization of church property. The na-
tionalization of church property did not mean its
confiscation. All such property was left in the
possession of the church, down to the last chal-
ice and candlestick, with not the slightest restric-
tion on its use. The only limitation was that it
could not be disposed of by the church as though
it were private property. Neither could it be dis-
posed of by the state, which was specifically
charged with its protection and upkeep. Further-
more, as state property it was exempt from taxa-
tion, a fact which would seem to constitute the
lifting of a great burden from the church . .
Church Political Front
"Nevertheless the church threw all the weight
of its clergy, its press and its amenable followers
into the political struggle . . .
The Marxes, all four of them, are up to their
necks in international politics. Mussolini recently
told his subjects not to laugh at them, and in
the Bund meeting at the
Garden a speaker cited the
Four Marx brothers as ex-
emplars of the full flower
of Communist culture which
must be destroyed.
This fills me with remorse
or envy, for the whole thing
is a mistake, and the respon-
sibility is mine. Until the
year 1930 not even Zeppo, the intellectual of the
family, had ever lifted so much as a pinky in
radical affairs. Nine years ago Groucho did en-
gage briefly in subversive activity, but only as
a slight personal favor. And I was the one who
brought Mr. Marx to the revolution.
We were not well acquainted. I had enjoyed
his dramatic performances on many occasions,
and he had allowed me to stand in the wings
and pinch the chorus girls as they went by. But
that hardly constitutes an introduction.
* * *
A Slight Return.. .
However, I had played poker regularly with
Harpo, and it seemed to me that somebody in the
family should bind up my wounds. When I found
myself running for Congress on the Socialist
ticket I went to Groucho and asked him to make
a radio speech in my behalf.
"You know what Socialism is?" I said.
"Sure," answered Groucho, "it's that old gag
about the two Irishmen who were going to divide
up everything, and it ends with Pat saying, 'Not
on your life, Mike, I'vebt two goats.'"
"Never mind about Socialism," I suggested,
"just pay a personal tribute to my character and
record. My opponents are Ruth Baker Pratt, on
the Republican ticket, and Magistrate Louis
Brodsky, on the Democratic ticket. Brodsky is a
nice fellow. I never make any cracks against
him. I just say, 'Keep a good judge on the
bench.' Do you get it? You see he's running for
"It doesn't matter what ticket you're running
on," said Groucho, "it will be the same speech
in any case, and it won't cost you many votes."
* *I *
Groucho Comes Through ...
The address delivered by Groucho Marx was
probably one of the most remarkable political
speeches ever delivered. Bryan's "Cross of Gold"
masterpiece is nothing like it. Even the man in
the control room, who happened to be a criminal
syndicalist, was in stitches.
No mention was ever made of the party which
I represented or the office for which I was run-
ning. The entire fifteen minute period for which
I had contracted was devoted to good, clean
fun about my foibles and my weaknesses. The
story concerning a certain soubrette was made
up out of whole cloth of which there was very,
little in the current Marx show.
However, Groucho was right. The speech didn't
cost me many votes, and anyhow I had no chance
of being elected. Nevertheless, it was a political
mistake. It made me vulnerable to the bitter and
punishing attack of the left wing press and pub-.
lic. These forces picture me as a bourgeois re-
actionary, and the slogan was, "Broun knows
no Marx but Groucho."
In the years which have followed it has been
my endeavor to live down the reproach and try
to prove myself much more red than I was paint-
ed. But it's slow work. Groucho has made the
grade with a single bound almost overnight. To
both the Nazis and the Fascists Groucho is a
revolutionary menace. No wonder this significant
achievement fills me with envy. Speaking of
Marx, the radical, I have every right to say that
I made him what he is today.
particularly that of Cardinal Segua, the Prim-
ate, which merited his expulsion from Spain. By
the time of the Catalan regional elections of
November, 1932, the political intervention of
the church was well organized. Voters were de-
luged with literature (of which I retain some
specimens) informing them that 'their con-
sciences did not permit' them to vote for a Left
candidate. It is a commentary on the disposition
of the extremists not to be provoked to further
excesses that no campaign of violence against
the church ensued. An occasional attack upon a
church occurred, particularly during the 1934
uprising, but there was no widespread or system-
atic attack for five years.
"Penitents of the church have been compelled
to don sackcloth and ashes. They have gone to
Canossa. But the Spanish church never does. It
does not look into its own heart, it does not
make an examination of conscience or a con-
fession of error. Its defenders abroad, moreover,
represent it as the victim of completely unreason-
ing persecution without ,practical cause. The
gates of hell are simply presumed to have been
opened against it."
* * *
The true strength of the Church rests in the
hearts of its people. The Basque clergy, loyal to
the people and the Republic, proved how truly
wealthy the church may be in Christian influence
and love of the people. The pro-fascist part of the
Spanish Church, with the help of many Ameri-
can Catholics, has cast its lot with another form
of wealth-the wealth of well-filled coffers,
guaranteed (unless Hitler should, perhaps, wish
the wealth for himself!) by an Italo-German-
Moorish knife at the throat of the Spanish
--Robert Cummins, '37
Come To Da cMa...
DESPITE supplement editor Elliott
(Ace) Maraniss' strictdwarning
that no propaganda (you define it!)
should appear in the copy of Sunday
morning's travel edition, the article
on Germany, written by "Baron von
Schleider," contained this cryptic
line: "Not to be missed is Dachau,
noted cultural and educational
It was supposed to suggest to tour-
ists some of Germany's wonders. By
way of explanation, Dachau is Ger-
many's most feared concentration
camp, as well as a "noted cultural
centre." For it has harbored a Nobel
Peace Prize winner and six or seven
other great authors, actors and scien-
tists. Germans have been known to
faint when the name "Dachau" is
City Of Brotherly Love.. ..
rHE general impression of most
Detroiters that it isn't safe for
strangers to win anything in Ham-
tramck was given some credence the
other night when the Southeastern
High school basketball team visited
Hamtramck and beat its own noble
representatives by an impressive
score. The winners were escorted out
of the gymnasium, through a vindic-
tive mob that was waiting around
merely to adulate them, and placed
in squad cars for the journey hone.
Nothing precautionary about the
move, of course; the cops just like to
give the boys an occasional lift.
-Can Y' Spare A Dime?
SINCE this campus has lately be-
come "subsidization conscious,"
we think it meet to reprint a jingle
that appeared recently in the Chicago
Maroon. President Hutchins, you may
recall, advocates "ten-cent football."
"Prexy Itutchins' football views
Are worthy in ambition
To many 'twould be better news
Should he start 10 cent tuition."
*' * *
NEWS item: Ann Arbor will resume
twice a week collection of gar-
bage from residences under the new
garbage contract which was awarded
by the city council last night .
Ann Arbor News, Feb. 21, 1939.
GARBAGE THE BEAUTIFUL
Ode On Futility In A City Dump
In Egypt egyptologists
And learned archeologists
Have found some ancient messy men's
Thrown out papyri specimens.
With care museums now preserve
These relics, and they so deserve:.
Will men two, thousands years from
Before our city's garbage bow,
And puzzle out a soup tin's label
In some learned tower of Babel?
Is it pea soup, orange juice,
Canned asparagus, or goose?
As ponder our investigators
On statuettes of alligators
Found in the Nile, so future sages
With scholarship will cover pages
Guessing the use of worn-out tires
And calling each other stupid liars.
As we've in ignorance discussed
The former form of a busted bust,
So will our remote descendants
Bore their suffering dependents,
Friends and college students too,
Describing a twentieth. century shoe,
So will some future learned man,
By a thesis on a battered can,
Or Goodyear tire, or cast-off boot,
Get a degree from garbage loot.
Thus our town incinerators
Will help unborn investigators.
P.S. I must apologize for putting
alligators in the Nile, but I never
could remember whether it was croco-
diles in Florida or alligators in the
Nile or crocodiles i4 the Nile or alli-
gators in Florida or alligators in
crocodiles or the Nile in alligators or
Florida in the Nile or vice versa. After
some research, however, I have found
that I was wrong and that alligators
only live in the Yang-tse-kiang and
Florida and crocodiles-. What's the
use? I plead poetic license.
-tColin D. Gordon
0 FF THE CUFF---Those who wit-
nessed the Intra fraternity track
meet last Friday may remember the
Phi Delt's anchorman, a skinny job
on stilts who started out like a can-
non shot but who, it is reported
(we've got to protect our informers),
got around behind the bleachers and
began coughing up cigarette butts
. . . Although he had a comfortable
lead when his leg was launched he
was well behind a Phi Gam named
Coffman when the boys appeared in
view again, and barely managed to
stagger across in second place, only
a fo'w Daces ahead o f fthe dist~reaing-
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the University.
Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President until 3:30 P.M.;
11:00 A.M. on Saturday.
(Continued from Page 2)1
tor to admit a student later does not
affect the operation of this rule.
,'. A. Walter
School of Education Students,
Changes of Elections: No course may
be elected for credit after Saturday,
March 4. Students enrolled in this,
school must report all changes of elec-
tions at the Registrar's Office, Room
4, University Hall.
Membership in a class does not
cease nor begin until all changes have
been thus officially registered. Ar-
rangements made with the instruc-
tors are not official changes.
Exhibition of Water Colors by Ar-
thur B. Davies and Drawings by
Boardman Robinson, shown under
the auspices of the Ann Arbor Art
Association. North and South Gal-
leries of Alumni Memorial Hall; daily
from 2 to 5 p.m.; Feb. 15 through
Exhibition, College of Architecture:
Photographs and drawings of Mich-
igan's historic old houses made dur-
ing the recent Historical American
Buildings Survey are being shown,
through the courtesy of the J. L. Hud-
son Company of Detroit. Third Floor
Exhibition Room, Architectural Bldg.
through March 11. Open daily, 9 to 5.
The public is cordially invited.
Naval Architecture and Marine En-r
gineering: Mr. P. W. Clark, Senior
Naval Architect with the U.S. PublicI
Health Service at Washington, D.C.,
will give two lectures on the Rat-
proofing of Ships.
The second lecture wlil be given at]
7:30 p.m. Both lectures will be given1
in Room 348. West Engineering Bldg.
The public is invited.
University Lecture Professor
Charles C. Colby, of the University
of Chicago, will lecture on "Land as
a Basis of National Prosperity" at
4:15 p.m., Wednesday, March 1, in<
the Rackham Amphitheatre, under1
the auspices of the Department of
Geography. The public is cordially
Lecture: Dr. Reinhold Niebuhr wille
give the third in the series of lecturest
on ''The Existence and Nature, of t
God" under the auspices of the Stu-
dent Religious Association, Thursday
evening, March 2. at 8:15, in the1
Rackham Lecture Hall.-
French Lecture: The fifth lecture
on the Cercle Francais program will
take place Thursday, at 4:15 p.m.,
Room 103, Romance Language Build-
ing. Professor Charles A. Knudson
will speak on: "Comment lire un
poeme de Victor Hugo: Oceano Nox."
Tickets for the series of lectures may
be procured from the Secretary of
the Romance Language Department
(Room 112, Romance Language Bldg.)
or at the door at the time of the
Chemical and Metallurgical En-
gineering Seminar: Professor Lars
Thomassen will be the speaker at the
Seminar for graduate students in
Chemical and Metallurgical Engineer-
ing today at 4 o'clock in Room 3201
E. Eng. Bldg. His subject is "Elec-
Chemistry Colloquium will meet
today at 4 p.m. in Room 300 Chem-
istry Building. Dr. G. H. Ayres will
speak on "Effect of Heat Treatment
on Some Properties ofColloidal Metal
Phi Sigma will meet this evening at
8 p.m. in the Graduate Outing Club
Room of the Rackham Building.
There will be an election of new
All members are urged to be pres-
ent. Refreshments will be served.
Graduate Luncheon. There will be
a graduate luncheon today at 12 noon
in the Russian Tea Room of the
League, cafeteria style.
Mr. Kenneth- Morgan, director
of the Student Religious Association,
will discuss the question, "What are
the Consequences of a Belief about
God?" All graduate students are
Students, School of Dentistry:
There will be an Assembly at 4:15 in
the Upper Amphitheatre. Professor
A ard Fairbanks will speak on "An
Appreciation of Sculpture."
All dental students and hygienists
are required to be present.
The Hiawatha Club will meet this
evening at 8 p.m. in the Union. An
excellent program has been arranged.
Tryouts for the German Play, "Die
Gegenkandidaten will be held in
Roomd300 South Wing, today, and
Thursday from 2-5 p.m.
Attention Engineers: A combined
meeting of the A.S.M.E. and S.A.E
will present Mr. L. Clayton Hill, man-
ufacturing manager of the Murray
Corporation of America tonight at
7:30 p.m. in the Union.
Mr. Hill has a dynamic per-
sonality and will speak on a subject
of special interest to engineers, "The
Engineers' Place in Management."
All members of AKD wishing trans-
portation to the buffet supper should
meet in front of Haven Hall at 6
p.m. tonight promptly, where cars
will be furnished.
The Congress Student Welfare
Committee is working this semester
on several things vtial to the econom-
ic welfare of independent men. Men
interested in trying out for next
year's Executive Council and in bet-
tering living, eating, and working
conditions on the campus are invited
to take part in the activities of the
Student Welfare Committee. Meet-
ings this semester will be held Wed-
nesday evenings at 8:15 p.m. in Room
306 of the Union. Men who are in-
terested and yet unable to attend the
first meeting may register their in-
terest by phoning the Congress Co-
operative House, 2-2143.
Labor Journalists will speak at the
Michigan Union, Room 316 this
afternoon, at 4:15. Paul Porter,
editor of the "Kenosha (Wisconsin)
Labor" will speak on "The Student
and Labor." Jack Weeks, president.
of the Detroit Newspaper Guild, will
speak on labor in journalism and the
Hearst strike. Meeting sponsored by
the ASU. All students invited.
Freshmen Glee Club: There will be
a meeting at 4:15 today in the Michi-
W.A.A. Board: It is necessary that
all eligibility cards be presented to-
day at the meeting at five o'clock. If
unable to attend, please send eligibil-
The Michigan Dames Homemaking
Group will meet in the East Confer-
ence room ofthe Rackham Building
tonight at 8 p.m. Mrs. Palmer
Christian will speak on "Interior Dec-
Congress, District Presidents: Im-
portant meeting of the Ditrict Coun-
cil today at 5 p.m.
The Intermediate Class in Social
Dancing conducted by the Michigan
League will have its first meeting to-
night at 7:30 in the League Ballroom.
JGP Costume Committee will meet
at 4 p.m. today in the League Under-
JGP properties committee will meet
at 4:30 p.m. today in the Undergrad-
uate Offices of the League.
JGP: All women who wish to sing
in choruses are'requested to sign up
with Betty Stadelman who will be in
the League Undergraduate offices
from 3 to 5 p.m. today.
JGP: All women wishing to par-
ticipate in JGP either in cast or as
members of a committee must have
their eligibility slips signed today or
they will be automatically dropped.
Pattie Haislip will be in the League
Undergraduate Offices from 4:30 to
5:30 p.m. today.
The Psychological Journal Club will
meet in the East Conference Room
of the Graduate School on Thursday,
March 2 at 8 p.m. Recent differen-
tial studies of social adjustment will
be reviewed by Ruth Cunningham,
S. J. Goffard, Lyla E. Bechtel, T.
Xoomsai. Prof. H. F. Adams will
summarize the discussion.
All reservations for the Heller Tes-
timonial Dinner to be held at the
Michigan Union at 6 p.m. on Tues-
'day, March 7 should be made im-
mediately at the Hillel Foundation
Association Book Group: Professor
Reinhold Niebuhr will lead an in-
formal discussion of some of his re-
cent writings at the Association Book
Group.. Thursday afternoon, 4 p.m.,
Zeta Phi Eta: Actives and pledges
are reminded of the regular meeting
tomorrow night at 7:15 in the Portia
Room. Pledges are requested to bring
writing materials for sorority history
and information, Actives please
bring all borrowed materials concern-
ing pledge lessons.
Dr. Reinhold Niebuhr will speak at
a luncheon at the Michigan Union,
Thursday, 12:15. Reservations should
To Dr. Heller
Y ESTERDAY Dr. Bernard Heller,
director of the Hillel Foundation for
nine years, officially terminated his administra-
During that time Dr. Heller built up the Found-
ation from a handful of Jewish students with
headquarters in a dilapidated building down-
town, to Ann Arbor's Jewish center, with an
enrollment of more than 600 students and a pro-
gram of intellectual and social activities, located
in the present modern well-equipped quarters.
On March 7 townspeople, students, and mem-
but the vodvil show at the Mich
actua'lly v('ackIlec] whiile rln'i),r it'