Showers and thunderstorms
today and tomorrow.
The Problem Of
Old Age Security
VOL. XLIX. No. 178 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JUNE 3, 1939
PRICE FIVE CENTS
14 Students Win
Hits Labor Spies
Iola Goodspeed Receives
Largest Fiction Grant
For Novel 'Loon Totem'
Van Dorn Discusses
Franklin In Lecture
Fourteen University students won'
a total of $9,000 Hopwood prizes yes-'
terday, $500 more than the sum
awarded last year.
The announcement of the awards
was made by Prof. Roy W. Cowden
of the English department after the
annual Hopwood lecture delivered
this year by Pulitzer Prize winner
Carl Van Doren at the Rackham
Iola Goodspeed, Grad., Detroit, re-
ceived $2,000 in the major fiction divi-
sion for her novel, "Loon Totem."
The novel is an historical romance
with the setting on Mackinac Island
during the height of the fur trade
early in the nineteenth century.
Three Essay Awards
Three major awards were given in
the essay division. Barbara Tinker,
Grad., Ann Arbor, received $1,500 for
her manuscript entitled "Height of
a Mountain" which deals with the
life of the writer in the Chinese hin-
terland since the outbreak of the war.
Kimon Friar, Grad., Forest Park, Ill.,
was awarded $1,200 for his essay,
"Medusa Mask," an ambitious expo-
sition of myth in Yeats and the poetry
of Yeats. The third prize, in this di-
vision of $500 was awarded to Willard
A. Hanna, Grad., Wooster.
John A. Ciardi, Grad., Medford,
Mass., received the only award in the
major poetry division which was $1,-
200 for his volume of verse entitled
"Homeward To America."
Major Prizes In Drama
Two major prizes .in drama were
received by Chad Walsh, Grad., Ma-
rion, Va., and Bethany L. Wilson,
Grad., Ann Arbor,. the former for
$600 and the latter for $500. Mrs.
Wilson won a minor Hopwood award
of $200 in drama last year.
Seven minor awards were given in
the division of poetry, drama and
fiction. John M. Brinnen, '40, Ann
Arbor, and Charles H. Miller, '39,
Jackson, each received $250 in poetry.
Eleanor McCoy, '39, Grand Rapids,
received $150 and D. Philip Clark, '39,
Stoneboro, Pa., was awarded $100
in the drama division.
$250 For Minor Fiction
Prizes of $250 each were given in
minor fiction to Mary Owen Rank,
'40, Moberly, Mo., Maritta M. Wolff,
'40, Grass Lake, and John R. A.
Humphreys, '40, Grand Rapids. Miss
Wolff also received a $250 minor
award in fiction last year.
Judges for the various fields were
announced by Prof. Roy W. Cowden
of the English department, director
of Hopwood Awards, who also an-
nounced the contest winners. Judges
in the field of drama were Walter P.
Eaton, last year's Hopwood lecturer
( Continued on Page s)
False Hopes Given To End
Attempts At Suicide
HAVANA, Cuba., June 2.-(P)-A
desperate boatload of 907 German
Jewish refugees sailed out of Havana
harbor today, heartened somewhat
by a shipboard rumor that they
might yet find new homes in the
western world after being denied en-
try into Cuba.
Hamburg, Germany, their starting
point, was the destination of the
Berman liner St. Louis, whose de-
parture marked another unsuccessful
attempt by German Jews to settle in
But to avoid collective suicide at-
tempts, word was spread on board
that the United States Government
had authorized their landing in New
York if continuing efforts for their
entry into Cuba failed.
Kept from them was the news from
Washington that Government offi-
cials there said no arrangements had
been made for them to land in New
York or any other United States port.
British Give Up For Dead
90 Men In Sunken Thetis
As High Tide Halts Rescue
'Lit tl1e Business'
Mary Reek Named
Mary Francis Reek, '40, is to re-
ceive the Anne E. Chipman Stevens
scholarship, it was announced re-
cently. This scholarship is awarded
annually to the most outstanding
woman student on campus, in both
scholastic record and personal
The scholarship was inaugurated
in 1937, and Barbara Lovell, '38, wask
the first recipient. Grace Wilson,
'39, received the award last year.
Miss Reek is president of Assembly1
and was president of the Ann Arbor
Independents. She was also active
in the founding of the latter group,
and has been connected with various
Bid For PowerE
In World RaceE
Made By Navy
Huge Peacetime Program
Includes Superships To
Maintain A 5-3 Ratio
WASHINGTON, June 2.-(P)-The1
Navy, making a tremendous spurt in
the world race for sea power, placedj
orders today for two 45,000-ton bat-
tleships and 22 other vessels. The new
armada is expected to cost $350,000,-
Assistant Secretary Charles Edi-'
son, saying that the biggest peace-
time construction program was
"clicking" at last, indicated that a
major purpose was to speed restora-
tion of the five-to-three ratio of
superiority over Japan in tonnage.
This ratio was established in naval
treaties, but the treaties are now de-
funct, and Edison told reporters to-
"To the best of our information,
the margin is now only about five to .
four. Japan and Great Britain were
building during the years when' we
Without waiting for funds to be-'
come available July 1, the start of a
new fiscal year, the Navy ordered
work started on 19 of the 23 ships for
which Congress provided in the $733,-
000,000 appropriation bill which Pres-
ident Roosevelt signed last week. The
other five ships ordered today had
been authorized previously.
Involved contract procedure nor-
mally followed was shortened by re-
ceiving bids in advance. Edison esti-
mated that six months or more would
be clipped from the time required to
complete the ships.,
Dividing the work between Gov-
ernment and commercial shipyards,
the Navy awarded the two battle-
ships and 10 other vessels to Navy
yards and let contracts for 12 craft
to private builders. Almost as the
awards were announced, the Presi-
dent signed a measure authorizing
$54,000,000 worth of construction at
naval shore bases.
The bill virtually completed the
Navy's legislative program for this
session of Congress. Included in near-
ly 100 projects was a $8,485,000 dry-
dock for Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, Pa-
Fear Of Dickinson's
LANSING, June 2.-()-Attorney
General Thomas Read delivered a
formal opinion today spiking the
theory that it would be within Gov-
ernor Dickinson's power to set up a
new political dynasty by appointing a
new Lieutenant Governor and resign-
ing so that the newcomer might suc-
ceed to the executive chair.
Dickinson said he would "abide by
the Attorney General's opinion," set-
ting, at rest rumors that a Lieuten-
ant Governor was about to be ap-
pointed, recurrent since the death of
the late Gov. Frank D. Fitzgerald and
Dickinson's own elevation last March.
Windsor Authorities Flog
Youths For Jail Rebellion
WASHINGTON, June 2. -(P)- A
new plan for helping little business
with Federal Reserve loans was an-
nounced today amid intensified dis-
cussions of ways and means of stimu-
lating industrial expansion.
Before a Senate subcommittee on
banking, Ernest G. Draper, a mem-
ber of the reserve system's Board
of Governors, disclosed that a request
would be made for legislation giving
the reserve banks much greater lee-
way to meet the credit needs of the
Hopkins Approves Plan
Meanwhile, Secretary of Com-
merce Hopkins, slouching back in a
swivel chair at his office, gave his
emphatic backing to the thesis re-
peatedly expressed by inner-circle
New Dealers recently-that the Gov-
ernment should provide funds for in-
dustry "because it can't be done by
private capital at this time."
Draper told the committee that the
proposal for loans to little business
would be described in detail by Chair-
man Marriner S. Eccles of the re-
serve board when he appears before
the subcommittee Monday. However,
he let this much of the plan out of the
The Reserve Banks at present are
restricted to five-year loans to pro-
vide "working capital to businesses
that are established."
Under a change in the law, he said,
the Reserve System could extend
"additional credit facilities to small
business on a much more liberal and
flexible basis" than is possible at
The assets and liabilities resulting
from these operations would be segre-
gated, he added, "in a separate cor-
poration organized as an integral
part" of the reserve system.
Draper made it clear that in his
opinion such a plan should supple-
ment rather than replace a system of
insured loans by the Reconstruction
Finance Corporation, proposed in a
bill by Senator Mead, (Dem.-N.Y.).
* * *
Bill To Restrict
Senate Labor Committee
Hears Plan To Provide
U.S. Industrial Peace
WASHINGTON, June 2. -P)-
Legislation to restrict the activities
of industrial police and forbid the use
of labor spies and' strike-breakers
won a hearty indorsement today from
Attorney General Frank Murphy.
In testimony before a Senate labor
subcommittee, Murphy expressed the
opinion that some such legislation was
"greatly needed" to insure industrial
peace. Senators LaFollette, (Prog.-
Wis.), and Thomas, (Dem.-Utah),
members of the subcommittee, are
authors of the bill.
Murphy sounded a note of caution
about a proposal in the bill to make
available to employers the identifica-
tion records of the Department of
Justice so that they could determine
whether an applicant for a guard's
job had a criminal record.
Murphy said he wanted to indorse
particularly a section of the bill which
would prohibit armed private police
from leaving the property of the em-
ployer in carrying out their duties.
He said testimony obtained by the
Civil Liberties Committee concerning
the activities of some such police in
the "Little Steel" strike of 1937 had
demonstrated the need for such legis-
The bill also would forbid private
police to use tear gas.
In Ann Arbor i
Student refugees, their needs and
problems, will be the major concern
f the newly formed Ann Arbor Com-
mittee on Refugees, Kenneth O. Mor-
tan, director of the Student Religious n
Association, announced yesterday. o
Though not a part of the University P
program, refugee committees have
been given official recognition in the t
extra-curricular program of several
ther universities since the problem S
f Jewish emigration first arose, ac-
cording to Morgan.
Among the schools now providing n
this aid, he said, are Illinois, Penn -
State, Princeton, Bryn Mawr, Yale,
the University of California and
Faculty members on the Ann
Arbor Committee include Prof.
Arthur L. Dunham, of the history
lepartment, Prof. Robert C. Angell,
of the sociology department, Prof.
Wesley H. Maurer, of the department
of journalism, Prof. Earl S. Wolaver,
)f the Law School and Dr. Isaac
Rabinowitz, director of Hillel Foun-
The committee has as its aim "to
serve as a source of information re-
garding refugees and their needs; as
a channel for the expression of com-p
rnunity interest in the problem; and d
for the provision of specific services F
for refugees." t
Engage Arabs F
In.Ma jor Battle
Terror Grips Holy Land n
As Many Are Killed Inl
JERUSALEM, June 2.-(!P)-Bri-
tish troops were reported tonight to~
be fighting a major engagement in1
the Kalakaliya Hills with an Arab
band as a new wave of bloodshed
swept the Holy Land.
The Arab band during the day
killed four British soldiers And three1
Jewish policemen who were on a road1
In addition six Arabs were killed,
including a native policeman, when a
time bomb exploded in a market place
near the Jaffa gate. The bomb burst
amid shopping crowds. A score of
Arabs were wounded so seriously they
were taken to hospitals.
Horror gripped the Holy Land in
the wake of the outburst. Tension
grew hourly as police and military
authorities strove to retain order by
swift punitive measures and with
ceaseless patrols in all sections of
The Arab band wiped out the road
patrol of four Britons and three Jews
35 miles northwest of Jerust em and
seized a machine-gun and other arms.
After the blast at Jerusalem's Jaffa
gate Arabs stoned Jewish traffic in
the Arab-Jewish quarter, and then
authorities suspended three Arab
urban bus lines. Seven Jewish bus
lines already had been suspended.
Guards about all public buildings
were doubled and the public services
were watched carefully.
The Jerusalem community council
issued a manifesto to Jews proclaim-
ing regret and horror over the death
of innocent persons in Jerusalem and
demanding restraint of all Jews in
their battle against the new British
policy for an independent Palestine
state with the Jews in a minority.
Kuhn To Continue
Fight Despite Foes
NEW YORK, June 2.-OP-Fritz
Kuhn, national chieftain of the pro-
Nazi German-American Bund, de-
clared today that despite a "smearing
campaign" designed "to morally de-
stroy me," he would carry his
"struggie against all subversive ele-
Prow Of Thetis Buried Deep
In Muddy Bottom Of Irish Sea
Four Escape With Davis 'Lung' Before Craft Sank;
Rescue Attempts Fail As Tide And Heavy Seas
Retard Efforts Of British Admiralty
BIRKENHEAD, England, June 3.--UP)-The builders of the British sub-
marine Thetis gave up for dead early today the 90 men aboard the mysteri-
ously disabled vessel-the largest loss of life in the history of undersea craft.
Four men escaped yesterday morning before the craft settled to the bottom.
An official of the builders' firm made the announcement near the end of
he estimated 36 hours exhaustion of the air supply in the Thetis, which went
down at 1:40 p.m. (British Summer Time) Thursday, on the edge of the Irish
Sea in Liverpool Bay.
"I am sorry but there is no hope for the men remaining in the sub-
marine," an official of the Cammell Laird Shipyard said brokenly to a crowd
4dotted with wives and relatives of
McCarthy's Double To Appear
In 'Here Come The Clowns'
Are Appointed t
For 27 Posts t
Aim To Increase Student
Government In Union «
And Fletcher Dorms a
The appointment of 24 student p
proctors for the Union group of resi-
dence halls and three for Fletcher f
Hall for 1939-40 was announced yes- w
erday by Prof. Karl Litzenberg, direc- h
or of residence halls.m
Chosen on a basis of scholarship, m
need and experience, the proctors,
working in conjunction with the resi- O
dent advisers, will assist in strength- S
ening student government in the e
dormitories and will act as personal g
counselors to the residents.-o
Proctors for Fletcher Hall are: t
Evert E. Johnston, '41L, Ralph O. B
McIntosh, Grad., and Robert J. Tay-
The 24 regular proctors for the m
Union group of residence halls are: t
Ralph I. Heikkinen, '39, William R. e
Anderson, Elbert Armstrong, Warren o
H. Austin, Ralph E. Carter, Grad.,
Robert G. Dimler, '39F&C, WilliamL
H. Dusenberry, Grad., Alfred B. Eddy,
41L, Charles O. Hutchenreuther, '39.b
Also named were Robert V. Hac-
kett, '41L, William J. Hazam, Grad.,w
Lester E. Hewitt, Grad., John H.b
Holmes, Grad., Robert L. Kahn, '39,
Francis W. McDonald, '39, Frank H.
Morgan, '39, Lilburn M. Ochs, '39Ed.,d
Bennet M. Rich, Grad., Robert W.
Rinkel, '40, James H. Robertson,N
Grad., Lohn B. Swern, '41L, BernardS
M. Wolpert, Grad., and John Zubon,
Federal Conciliator Stops
DETROIT, June 2.-(P)-Negotia-I
tions for settlement of the 12-day-I
old Briggs Manufacturing Co. strike1
were adjourned late today with pros-
pects remote for early reopening of
The Briggs company announced it
would not negotiate a new contract
until a National Labor Relations
Board poll of its employes to decidei
which of the two rival factions of
the United Automobile Workers union
should represent its employes.
The company and the CIO-affiliat-
ed UAW "are very far apart" in the
negotiations, according to James F.
Dewey, federal conciliator who has
been trying to bring about a truce.
Dewey said two new union de-
mands deadlocked the meeting to-
The two new union demands were
for a week's vacation with pay and
for a minimum wage for women em-
ployes equal to the minimum for men.
The company rejected both proposals.
Crosby Ranked First
In Swing Magazine
he seamen and civilian occupants of
The submarine was found at 7:50
.m. Friday with about 18 feet of her
ail out of water, her nose buried in
he mud 130 feet below the surface.
strong tide last night submerged
he stern and rescue efforts were con-
Salvaging To Continue
The Admiralty announced that,
salvage operations are proceeding
nd a further attempt will be made
o raise the stern when slack water
rovides the next opportunity."
The forward part of the craft was
ound to be flooded, including the for-
ard escape hatch. A second escape
atch, aft, was used to release four
nen to safety Friday morning by
ieans of the Davis "lung."
The four survivors-Capt. H.P.K.
)ram, Lieut. H. G .Woods, Chief
toker W. C. Arnold and F. Shaw, an
mploye of the builders-were closely
uarded. There was not the slightest
)fficial light on what they told when
hey were picked up by the destroyer
Steep Dive Causes Accident
Authoritative sources said the sub-
marine might have been diving at
oo great an angle and had become
,mbedded in the mud at the bottom
f Liverpool Bay.
Earlier a naval official arriving at
Liverpool Hospital with one of the
urvivors had said that salvage would
be deferred until dawn and that hope
had been abandoned by squads of
workers as well as the submarine
The British Navy does not possess a
diving bell such as was used success-
fully last week at Portsmouth, N.H.,
when 33 were saved from the sunken
Six salvage experts who partici-
pated in the raising of the scuttrad
German fleet at Scapa Flow arrived
by airplane to assist the rescuers.
Survivors Report All Is Well
The four survivors were reported
to have said that all their companions
were alive when the quartet began
The shipyard was tense when Wood-
ward, the spokesman, shortly after
midnight, made the statement that
hope had been given up.
"I must announce that the experi-
ment of raising the Thetis' stern has
not been successful," he began. Then
he declared that there was no hope.
"The best thing you can do is to
disperse and go home quietly," he con-
Salvage Of Submarine
PORTSMOUTH, N.H., June 2.-(/P)
-Three navy divers escaped unin-
jured today and a fourth was "lost"
on the bottom for a time as minor
mishaps and disappointments marred
the state of the second week of sal-
vage .operations on the sunken sub-
One man, John Sibitzky, first to
reach the sub's deck last week after
her sinking, lost his footing in a tidal
current, was swept over the side and
. 1 .. CA*, ~ a- f .A,7 h f
Not Charlie McCarthy, but a youngster very like him, "Frank" is com-
ing with his master, Herbert Dexter as a part of the Dramatic Season
program next week.
* * * * *
By HERVIE HAUFLER
Look closely at the two gentlemen
above and you will see that they are
not, as appears at first glance, Edgar
Bergen and his wooden compatriot,
Charley McCarthy. They are, in-
stead, Herbert Dexter and Frank, who
will appear next week in Philip Bar-
ry's "Here Come the Clowns," fourth
presentation of the 1939 Dramatic
Despite the seeming twinship be-
tween Charley and Frank, they are
not related, springing from different
forests. Mr. Dexter does not try con-
sinnsIiv tn imitate Beren and any
to the audience. Mr. Dexter has per-
fected this technique and has the rep-
utation of being one of the best in the
Traveling from the Variety Stage
to the legitimate theatre, he appeared
in "For the Term of His Natural
Life," an Australian drama of the
early convict days, and in "On Our
Selection," a comedy of Australian
In England, he has been featured
with Seymour Hicks in "The Man
with the Dress Clothes." His vaude-
ville appearances have carried him
through Europe. the Far East and