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February 22, 1939 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1939-02-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Weather
stly cloudy and continued
d today; tomorrow warmer.

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/

Editorial
They Laughed
At Hitler, Too

3L. XLIX. No. 101

Z-323

ANI ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, FEB. 22, 1939

PRICE FIVE C

_________________ U I

N

I1

s Talk

1otmorrow
OnActivties
League And Union Varied
Programs Are Designed
To Aid Future Tryouts
All Campus Groups
Will Be Represented
Students interested in entering any
f the numerous extra-curricular
etivities offered in the University
till have ample opportunity to be-
ome acquainted with the character
nd functions of these activities at
eneral meetings to be held in the
eague and Union tomorrow.
An "activities smoker" for the bene-
it of men students who are pros-
ective entrar ts into various campus
rganzations and societies will be
eld at 8 p.m. tomorrow in the main
allroom of the Union. The smoker
till feature ,a series of short talks
y leaders in different activities out-
ning the characteristics in their
espective fields. Robert Canning,
9, secretary of the Interfraternity
'ouncil and head cheer leader, will
et as master of ceremonies. Students
il have an opportunity t confer
ith representatives of groups who
re npt represented by speakers at
rg"niation booths in the ballroom.
A similar meeting for freshmen
Od transfer women will be held at
:30 p.m. tomorrow in the League, it
'as announced yesterday by Marcia
onnell, '39, League orientation
hairman. - The various women's
Ctivities will be discussed in the
ame fashion as in the Union smoker,
rith emphasis on the most important
ctivity open to women, the League.
Entertainment at the Union smok-
r will be provided by the Varsity
[en's Glee Club, under the direction
f Prof. David A. Mattern of the
,chool of Music. Refreshments will
iso be served in the ballroom at the
onclusion of the series of brief talks.
Among the speakers at the smoker
till be Robert Reid, '39E, president
f the Interfraternity Council, who
ill discuss the Council, Robert Mitch-
l1, '39, managing editor of The Daily,
hil Buch~en, '39, business manager
f The Daily, Paul Brickley, '39,
resident of the Union, and represen-
tives from the Gargoyle staff, the
[ichiganensian, Congress, independ-
it men's organization, the Student
elgiis Asoiation, the Society of
utootive Engineers and numerous
ther speakers.
All organizations wishing to par-
tipate hn the smoker are asked to
et in touch with the student offices
f the Union before 5 p.m. today.
Relief Problem
Jiere To Stay,
Economists Say
(Editor's Note: This is the last of
three articles written in collaboration
with members of the economics depart-
ment dealing with the problem of
relief ini.Americ.),
By JACK CANAVAN
A disposition to view the social
curity program as a panacea is
amed by economists as one of the
iremost reasons for America's cur-
mt "emergency" attitude toward the
slief problem.
This "emergency" psychology, evi-
enced in the borrowing of billions of
llars in the hope that the burden
Iy be painlessly liquidated "when
tie needpasses" is charged by eco-
:mists for current failure to place
dlief- on -'a sound, long-run basis.
The American public, it is pointed
ut, has come to look upon relief as

rimarily an unemployment problem.
ence the general anticipation that
remployment insurance benefits will
roduce an immediate and substantial
iminution of the'relief burden.
The fallacy 'in this concept, eco-
oiists argue, is demonstrated by
he fact that 75 per cent of the re-
ef load is not directly related to
nemployment. Therefore unemploy-
ent insurance will influence neither
ie volume nor the cost of the major
at of the problem.
Furthermore, they point out in-
iraice benefits. are limited to work-
:s in covered employments. This
utomatically excludes some twenty
illion wage earners who must fall
pon relief if they lose their jobs.
Due to rigid eligibility requirements;
iany employed workers in covered
ccupations do not receive compen-
Ltion and must rely on relief to tide

May Festival Will Feature 12
Soloists And Three Ensembles
Dates Set For May 10-13;
Swarthout, Jepson,Pinza
And Martinelli To Sing

Climaxing one of the most success-
ful seasons in the 60-year history of
the Choral Union, 12 outstanding solo
artists plus three notable ensemble
groups will present the 46th annual
May Festival May 10-13, it was an-
nounced yesterday by Dr. Charles A.
Sink, president of the School of Mu-
sic.
Included in the list of concert and
opera stars who are scheduled to ap-
pear are: Gladys Swarthout, soprano;
Helen Jepson, soprano; Richard
Bonelli, baritone; Marian Anderson,
contralto; Norman Cordon, baritone;
Ezio Pinza, bass; Jan Pierce, tenor;
Giovanni Martinelli, tenor; Selma
Amansky, soprano; Elizabeth Wysor,
oratorio singer;, Georges Enesco, vio-
linist and guest conductor; and Ru-
dolf Serkin, pianist.
The Philadelphia Orchestra will
Plan To Form
49th State Seens
Impracticable
Bromage Says Separation
Of Detroit From State
Is NotLikely
By CARL PETERSEN
The Detroit City Council Monday
approved "unofficially" a plan ad-
vanced by Councilman John A.
Kronk to separate Washtenaw,
Wayne, Macomb, Oakland and Mon-
roe counties from the State of Michi-
gan and to incorporate them into
the 49th state of the Union, the State
of Industry. Formal consideration
will be given the plan at the Council
meeting, March 1.
According to Prof. Arthur W.
Bromage of the political science de-
partment, who recently served on
former Governor Murphy's Commis-
sion.on Reform and Modernization of
State Governments, the plan origi-
nates in the unequal representation
which the industrial Detroit area has
in the State Legislature in propor-
tion to the tax burden it bears.
Wayne County, in which Detroit
is located, comprises but 1.1 per cent
of the land area of the State, yet it
has 38 per cent of the population and
pays more than one-half of the State,
taxes. But it has only seven out of'
32 senators and 21 out of 100 repre-
sentatives. It is on this basis that
Kronk introduced the plan, saying
that there was a "complete refusal
of the rural State legislature to recog-
nize Detroit and Wayne County as
anything other than sources of money
to be spent outstate."
It is difficult to secure any change
in the system as it now exists, Pro-
fessor Bromage pointed out, since in
1932 an amendment was'presented by
popular initiative and referendum
to revise representation in the Legis-
lature, striking a compromise by giv-
ing the rural element control of the
Senate and the urban control of the
House. This measure was defeated,
even though, as a compromise, it was
the only possible way of solving the
problem of representative jealousy
between urban and rural communi-
ties.
Professor Bromage declared that
the plan presented for the City of
Detroit is substantially the same as
the one which has for many years
been advocated for Chicago by Prof.
Charles E. Merriam of the Univers-
ity of Chicago, known as the "city-
state" plan. The situation existing in
Detroit is duplicated throughout the
United States. On the basis of the
last census, he said, there are 96
metropolitan areas, containing 45
(Continued on Page 2) /

GIOVANNI MARTINELLI

3 v

again participate throughout the Fes-
tival with Eugene Ormandy conduct-
ing. In addition, the four-day pro-
gram features the University Choral
Union, Earl Moore conducting and the
Young People's Festival Chorus with
Juva Higbee leading.
Tickets for the entire Festival pro-
gram are now available at the School
of Music. All mail orders will be
filled in, sequence. Those holding
Festival coupons will receive special
prices.
Second semester freshmen and
sophomores interested in trying
out for The Daily editorial, sports,
or women's staff are asked to at-
tend a meeting at 4 p.m. Monday
on the second floor of the Stu-
dent Publications Building.
Tryouts for the business, adver-
tising and circulation staffs will
meet at 5 p.m. Monday.
Ash Wednesday
Serviees Begin
Lenten Period
Local Churches Will Hold
Impressive Mass Rites
And Holy Ceremonies
Local churches will mark the be-
ginning of the 40-day period of Lent1
with Ash Wednesday services todayI
in seven churches with Catholic and
Episcopal churches observing Ash
Wednesday with morning serv-
ices and Lutheran and Evangelical
churches offering evening rites.
Special masses at 6:30, 7:15, and
8 a.m. at St. Thomas Catholic church
will include the imposition of ashes
in the sign of the cross, on the fore-
heads of worshippers. The Rev. Thom-
as R. Carey will deliver the Rosary
sermon at 7:30 p.m.
Holy communion services will be
held at 10:30 a.m. at the St. Andrew's
Episcopal church, by the Rev. Henry
Lewis. Evening communion will be
held at 7:30 at the St. Paul's Luther-
an church by the Rev. C. A. Brauer
and at the Trinity Lutheran church
by the Rev. Henry Yoder.
The Rev. Henry Stellhorn, of the
(Continued on Page 2)
Regents Expected To Let
Dori Contracts Friday
Contracts for the construction of
the Willard St. dormitory which will
house 400 men students are expected
to be awarded by the Board of Regents
at its regular monthly meeting Fri-
day.
Work on this project, the second
largest in the present University
building program, has already start-
ed with the razing of 11 houses and
the extension of the University ser-
vice tunnel under E. University Ave.

Students Get
Opportunity
To Criticize
Student Senate Will Solicit
Constructive Opinions
Of CollegeCurriculum
Plan To Crystallize
Campus Sentiment
A chance for students to register
their opinion of courses, professors
and work in general at the University;
was offered to the campus last night
by the Student Senate, with the an-
nouncement that it will set up collec-
tion boxes Thursday at prominent
points on campus as part of a pro-'
gram to promote student evaluation'
of the University curriculum.
Action by the Student Senate edu-
cation committee was initiated in'
response to a growing need for con-
structive criticism from students rela-
tive to their work In order to aid the'
administration in improving teaching
methods, Robert Kahn, '39, chairman
explained.
Professor-Student Contact Gone?
"During their stay at the University
students undoubtedly come in con-
tact with men who they feel have lost]
contact with the changing demands
of students," Robert Rosa, '39, speak-.
er of the Senate declared, "and thisi
will be the time for students to regis-i
ter their thoughts on this problem."
The Senate entertains specificj
criticism, Kahn and Rosa emphasized
which will be sorted and submitted
to various professors, dealing with
such matters as the instructor's ap-
proach to the course, possible inade-
quacies of texts, need for or worth-
lessness of individual courses, nature
and frequency of examinations, lec-
tures that repeat the text, general
subject matter and relating it to1
student needs.
To aid students in crystallizing
their criticism and evaluating their
professors and courses, Kahn sug-i
gested students ask themselves ques-
tions such as the following:
Ask Yourself These:
If you were given a chance to start
the first semester over again, would
you take the same courses? and
why?
Did your courses last semester con-
tribute to a better understanding of
the problems you now face, or will
face in the future?
Did you encounter difficulty in dis-
cussing grades with your instructors?
It is contemplated that this col-
lection of student criticism of their
professors and courses may be the
first step in the establishment of a
-entral organ to aid students in plan-
ning their college programs, Rosa
pointed out.
A.S.U. Sponsors
Loyalist Rally
Demonstration Friday Is
Part Of National Move
A rally to demand the lifting of
the arms embargo on Loyalist Spain
will be held at 4 p.m. Friday in the
Union under the auspices of the peace
committee of the American Student
Union as part of a nation-wide
demonstration. Negotiations are be-
ing carried on with M~elvin Douglas,
motion picture actor, to secure a
speaker from the Hollywood Spanish
Committee.

Y A Scroll for Democracy, a parch-
ment document urging the lifting of
the embargo, has been prepared and
is being signed by prominent mem-
bers of the faculty and student body,
to be sent to Washington. It will be
circulated at the meeting for signa-
tures. Short speeches on why the em-
bargo should be raised will be made
by faculty members and students.
The refusal of Franco to grant
amnesty in case of peace makes the
continuance of the war a certainty
for the present. President Azana has
lacked the support of Prime Minister
Negrin and the rest of the cabinet in
his peace negotiations. -
The purpose of the rally, accord-
ing to George Muttnick, '39, chairman
of the peace committee, is to demon-
strate that students and faculty have
confidence that if Republican Spain
is given her right to import the sup-
plies she so desperately needs, the
fascist designs to conquer Spain and
extend her control to the western
hemisphere can be checked.
I--

Dodge Talks
Here Friday
On Near East
Interviews For Students
To Attend Syrian College
Arranged For Saturday
International Center
To Entertain Visitor
Lauded by the Washington Post
a "the most respected foreigner in
all the Near East," President Bayard
Dodge of the Americn University
at Beirut, Syria, will be the guest of
the International Center Friday and
Saturday to interview sophomores in-
terested in spending their junior year
in Beirut.
A plan for exchange students was
worked out last year when President
Dodge came to Ann Arbor as guest of
President Ruthven. At that time he
discussed the project with the deans
of the College of Literature, Science
and the Arts, Engineering, Education
and Dentistry. It was agreed then
that such an exchange should be
established as soon as practical.
President Dodge will speak at a
luncheon at 12:15 p.m. Friday at the
Union on the Near East Renaissance.
At 4:15 p.m. he will show moving
pictures in technicolor of the Ameri-
can University. Saturday he will "be
at the International Center all day
for conferences with students inter-
ested in the exchange plan.
Seven alumni of thle American
University who are now studying here
will give a small reception for Presi-
dent Dodge Saturday evening in the
International Center. Admission to
this affair will be by invitation only.
Reservations 'for the luncheon
should be made at the Center by 5
p.m. Thursday. Prof. Raleigh Nel-
son, Counselor to Foreign Students
and Director of the International
Center, suggested that students wish-
ing audience with President Dodge
on Saturday make appointments in
advance.
Local Airports
Are Awarded
Fight Contract
Ann Arbor And Ypsilanti
Concerns To Be Allowed
$250 For Each Student
WASHINGTON, Feb. 21.- (P) -
The Ann Arbor Air Service, Inc., and
the Michigan Aerial Corp., at Ypsi-
lanti, were jointly awarded the task
of training the 20 University students
who will enroll in the student pilot
training program. Their bid con-
formed to the $250 maximum set by
the Civil Aeronautics Authority.
Further contract awards showed
today it will cost the government
from $150 to $250 each to provide
flying instruction for 330 students in
13 colleges, under a program spon-
sored by the CAA and the National
Youth Administration.
Most of the successful bidders were
close to the $250 maximum, but a Cal-
ifornia concern offered to train 15
student fliers for $150 each.
The students will receive 35 hours
of flying instruction, including 18
hours of solo flight. At the end of the
35 hours, they will be eligible to quali-
fy for pilots' ratings.

First Marital Series
Lecture Is Postponed
The first lecture in the marital re-
lations course was postponed yester-
day because of the illness of Prof.
Mary Shattuck Fisher, of Vassar Col-
lege, who was to speak on "Courtship
and Pre-Marital Relations" on Thurs-
day, Feb. 23. This lecture will be
given at a later date. The second
scheduled lecture will be given, as an-
nounced by Dr. Raymond Squier, a
practicing gynecologist and obstetri-
cian in.New York City, on Tuesday,
Feb. 28.
Natators Whip
Gophers; Crack
three Records
Varsity Takes Every First
In 57-27 Rout To Gain'
First Conference Win
By MEL FINEBERG1
The Intramural Pool looked like
the assembly line of .a factory last3
night as Matt Mann put on an ex-
hibition of mass production when 18
Michigan swimmers combined to_
crack three American free style relay
marks. Then the National Cham- {
pions went on to take every first
place in gaining their first Confer-
ence victory of the year by whipping
Miinesota, 57-27.
The marks shattered were at 500t
and 600 yards and a mile. With each
going a hundred yards, Walt Tomski,j
Charley Barker, Tom Haynie, Gus
Sharemet and Bill Holmes turned in
consecutive centurys in times of 52.7,
54.6, 53.4, 52.2 and 53.1, a total of
4:26.7. This cracked the record set<
by Yale in 1937 by .7 seconds.
It was practically a case of "and a
child shall lead them" as Gus Share-
met, turning in the fastest hundred
of the night, is only a freshman. a
But the record setting was not to
end here. Ed Hutchens came through
with 53.7 and Yale's mark of 5:20,
also set in 1937, came tumbling down,
bettered by a mere .1.
The only remaining free style mark{
listed which the Wolverines coulda
better was the mile-so they pro-;
ceeded to smash that one, too. Jim1
Welsh went 53.8, Bill Beebe did 54.2
and freshman Tommy Williams
turned in a 54.8.
The tenth man, Dave Holmes, was
the first to go higher than 55 but
his time, 55.1, was more than credit-
able. Two more freshmen, Dobson
Burton and John Gillis, portended
evil for future Michigan foes by turn-
ing in 54.2 'and 54.3 respectively.
Then a freshman backstroker, Dick
(Continued on Page 3)
Champaign Slaying
Brings Vice Probe
A heated investigation into the
facts concerning the presence of vice
and gambling in Champaign, Ill.,
residence of the University of Illi-
nois, landed in the state legislature
today.
The investigation came as the
aftermath of the fatal shooting of
William Spurrier, 20-year-old Illinois
fresllman, who was killed when he
and five companions attempted to
enter a Negro bawdy house after be-
ing refused admittance by the matron.
Today members of the legislature
considered the facts of the case as
presented to them by T. P. Sullivan,
head of the state department of
criminal investigation. who was called
to Champaign,

England Joins
Race.To Arms;
Paves Way For
.Aid To Franceo
Chamberlain Admits Cost
May Cause Bankruptcy
Of Europeah Countries
Commons Votes
Loan Of 4 Billions
LONDON, Feb. 21-(RP)--The House
of Commons tonight approved Bri-
tain's gigantic share in the interna-
tional arms race a few hours after
Prime Minister Chamberlain had ad-
mitted it might "lead to the bank-
ruptcy of every country in Europe."
At the same time Chancellor of the
Duchy of Lancaster W. S. Morrison,
speaking for Baron Chatfield, minis-
ter for coordination of defense, dis-
closed that the British and French
general staffs were working on a
joint inclusive plan to make effective
use of all the two nation's resources
-men, munition and war potentials
-in event the two are involved in
war.
Chamberlain's Plan Approved
Chamberlain's government won ap-
proval of its plan to double its power
to borrow for defense purposes, in-
creasing the limit from $2,000,000,000
to $4,000,000,000 without division af-
ter the House had rejected by a vote
of 310 to 127 a labor amendment to
reduce the maximum.
In discussing the Anglo-French
military staff talks Morrison said
"the government fully agrees with.
Mr. Churchill that, once involved in
war, we could not proceed upon a
principle of limited lialllity."
Members of Parligment took that to
mean that a British Expeditionary
Force would be dispatched to France's
aid if she were attacked, as was done
in the World War.
Earlier in the debate Winston
Churchill, veteran statesman, had
demanded that the government give
France that assurance. There has
been speculation that Britain might
plan to confine her aid to naval and
air forces.
'Human Bondage'?
A. V. Alexander, whosummed up
the debate for the Labor pposition,
declared that the September Munich
agreement was responsible for the
tremendous loan the government
plans, adding it meant putting the
country into bondage for three gen-
erations.
To this Morrison retorted that "had
there been no Munich it would not
have been a question of three gen-
erations, it might have meant de-
struction of one generation and bond-
age of a num"er of generations."
Earlier Chamberlain had said the
world arms race would bankrupt every
European nation unless halted soon.
In seeking approval of the increased
borrowing powers he -'warned that
even the $4,000,000,00Q might not be
enough, but he declared that Bl-
tain's drive to match anyone in de-
fense would go on regardless of cost.
WiniamsTlks
On Ideologies

Hope For Epidemic Abatement
Wanes As More Cases Appear

World-Wide Broadcast Highlights
Michigan Birthday 'Party' Plan

By HOWARD GOLDMAN
Plans are now under way for a
woild-wide celebration of tIie "Michi-
gan Birthday Party" Saturday, March
18, T. Hawley Tapping, general secre-
tary of the Alumni Association, an-
nounced yesterday.
The term "world-wide" is used ad-
visedly, as the program is being built
around a 45 minute radio program to
be broadcast direct from campus
over the entire chain of the Columbia
Broadcasting System and over a short

site ideal for the broadcast, and one
of Columbia's program directors will
be on hand to see that proceedings
run smoothly.
The entire celebration program is
under the direction of Prof. Carl G.
Brandt of the English department.
Among campus organizations which
will take active part in the program
are the Michigan Concert Band, Var-
sity Glee Club, Girls Glee Club and
various dramatic groups. The Charles
Baird Carillon will also be featured.

Hope for abatement of the wide-
spread epidemic of a mild but enig-
matic respiratory tract infection dis-
appeared yesterday when a new group
of cases cropped up, re-filling the
few empty beds at the Health Ser-
vice that had indicated the epidemic
might be slackening.
Health Service doctors had expect-
ed that the epidemic which started 10
days ago would die out in several
days. The slight decline three days
ago seemed to indicate that it would
be over by the middle of this week.
The mild but unidentifiable disease
continued to spread yesterday, how-
ever. The number of victims, unoffi-
cially estimated at more than 250
since the epidemic's start, was re-
flected in class attendance.
Only a few of the cases reported

school-children home, and recently
forced University of Illinois authori-
ties to close three schools. The epi-
demic is extremely widespread in five
mid-western states.
Students who are being turned
away at the Health Service because
of the overcrowded conditions receive
treatment at home if it is needed.
Rest, and drinking fruit juices and
liquids are believed to be more im-
portant in warding off the illness than
medication. No cases have turned in-
to pneumonia.
Cold weather is believed to check
the spread of the epidemic, although
the recent cold spell does not seem
to have caused any decrease in the
number of new cases. The few days
of wet weather may be responsible for
the increase, Dr. Forsythe said, but

Cooperation Cited As Bes
Basis For Democracy
The essential elements of dem
cratic society can be best achieved t
the principle of cooperative self-d
velopment, Prof. Mentor L. -William
said last night in his talk, "Conflic
ing Ideologies ane the Cooperati
Movement," the fifth in a series
eight lectures comprising the Exte
sion Service cours9 on "Contempc
ary Problems and the Cooperati
Movement."
Ideologies were classified by Pi
fessor Williams into three groups. T
first included the totalitarian cc
cepts which are unfriendly to the c
velopment of thb individual, and
which the individual is not a creatu
of worth and value, but a tool worki
for something outside himself.
A second group named by Profe
(Continued on Page 2)
Competitive Fellowships
Offered By Phi Kappa P
Members of Phi Kappa Phi, hc
orary scholastic society, who are :
terested in competing for gradu:
' c2nmeh- , *Fnn 01,11r7 --t

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