* TII~iWI~fla-, MR Y__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
r - 1Th,' 19
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NIGHT EDITOR: MILTON ORSHEFSKY
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily ae written by inebers of the DUty
staff and represent the views of the wites
IFTY Michigan athletes this week
'si ned a lettr asking for an open
investigation of the conditions surrounding the
life of -athletes in the University. They also ex-
pressed 'a hope that the University administra-
tion ,would consider extending the programn of a
training table and of. offering schola'ships, to
With that to start on, the press of Detroit and
other parts of the country have painted an un-
lovely-pcture of "Michigan Athletes Demanding
Pay." Today those fifty athletes are being accused
of high crimes and misdemeanors ranging any-
where from "radicalism" to "treason to the
Athletic coaches down at the Field ious are
exerting strong pressure to discover the names of
the "rebels."- Grapevine communication has be-
gun to whisper the identity of certain men who
signed the petition. Campus sentiment is still
puzzled trying to decide whether it should en-
dorse this attempt to "pay" the boys who do
their.daly chores down erry Field way.
And it is all profoundly unfair to these men
who made an attempt to bring a touchy problem
into focus before the campus eye.
The fifty athletes had these Motives when they
signed 'the letter
1. To make the help of athletes an "honest"
problem-one that is not shrouded by any super-'
2. To bring the question of aid for athletes be-
fore the campus so that it could be examined.
Any action was to come only after study.
3. To suggest, and only suggest, that athletes
may be deserving of a training table and of
scholarships like those offered to students who
work on publications.
Loose use of the word "subsidization"; loose
Writing by some newspaper men; and other. fac-
tors have led to a far-too-prevalent belief that
these athletes want salaries, free meals, and a
general good-time for playing' football. Actually
ninety-nine per cent of Michigan's athletes
violently oppose anything' that would make
college athletics like the professional leagues.
At no time have they ever asked for "pay'"-or
anything of the kind.
Today a group of these athletes is publishing
a letter defining their position. It demands care-
ful reading by anyone who desires a real under-
standing of a still delicate istuation.
The fact still remains that athletes deserve
some assistance, and that today many of them
are helped in a manner which is anything but
open and honest.
Robert Frost at Harvard
The announcement that Robert Frost is to be
the first occupant of the newly established Ralph
Waldo 'Emerson Fellowship at Harvard Univer-
sity seems to record an inevitable choice. ,kr.
Frost's renown as a poet is world wide. There
are those who consider him equally great as a
teacher. His method of instruction is not formal.
His teaching usually consists of apparently cs-
ual remarks about the methods of writing a
poem. Many of these pronouncements are widely
quoted. One that we remember is: "It (a poem)
The Athletes Comp ain
To the Editor:
Tuesday a Letter To The Editor appeared in
The Michigan Daily signed by fifty Michigan
athletes. The letterwas in support of an editorial
which advocated precisely this:
1. Open-mindedness by Big Ten officials on
the question 'of subsidization.
2. A regular football training table.
This same group of athletes was consternated
the next morning to learn that certain scandal-
starved newspapers from the Metropolitan area
carried a distorted and grossly exaggerated ac-
count of the item.
One of this group actually printed in the lead
paragraph that these athletes had gone on record'
as "calling for some financial help-and also
predicting that the desired aid will be gained
Obviously these equivocations are harmful both
to the University and the athletes. Consequently
we are asking that The Daily print an explana-
tion of the 'story; giving the : absolute facts so
that outlandish' reports, such as the one quoted
above, will be abnegated.
The Fifty Athletes
War In Harlan
The first day of the Harlan County soft coal
conflict passed with little violence, and with signs
'that some of the operators preferred conferences
around the table to bitter industrial strife which
would inevitably harm both the employers and
the United Mine Workers.
But it will be difficult for the other operators
in "Bloody Harlan" to justify their position if
they continue to risk battle and turmoil instead
of bargaining collectively on terms similar t'
those accepted by the vast majority of mine oper.
ators of the Appalachian area. It will be even
more difficult for Governor Chandler to defend
his use of the militia to help a half 'dozen com-
panies crush the union.
Harlan County's history has been infamous for
violence and terrorism -used to resist collectiye
bargaining. The company town, the company
store, the company police gave the area a sick-
ening notoriety as a last stronghold of nineteenth
century labor practices in the-soft coal industry
Less than a year ago the operators surrendered
and recognized the United Mine Workers. Now
a minority is risking a reversion to the bitter con-
flict which their anti-union activities provoked
The claim of the operators that they are
defending the right of their miners not to join
a union .has no merit whatsoever. The union is
not asking a closed shop; it has not been granted
a closed shop in its contracts in other sections.
It is asking' a "union shop"-a contract which
leaves present non-member workers perfectly
free to stay, outs of the organization, though it
requires new employes hired in the future to join.
Governor Chandler was denied the Iupport of
union labor in his campaign for the senate last
year. His~couduct in sending the National Guard
into Harlan County to block the roads and set up
machine :guns to menace the union miners, to4
harass pickets and comfort the anti-union em-
ployers, helps explain the distrust labor felt for
.There have been few comparable spectacles
since the Colorado militia fought the battles of
the Colorado Iron and Fuel Co. a generation ago,
before the Rockefeller interests learned that aol-
lective bargaining was better than industrial war.
--St. Louis Star-Times
Why The New Deal'
failed In Rome""...
WASHINGTON.-Until a few years ago democ-
racy, or self-government, seemed to be the goal
toward which the world was moving with the firm
inevitability of destiny.
When the Romans were at the height of their
power, they- must have thought their civilization
was permanent. They lasted 400 years in' Eng-
land-a span longer than that from the landing
of =the pilgrims to now.
But our belief that democracy was the chosen
child of destiny has been roughly shaken in
We have seen a number of countries abandon
self-government and go back to dictatorship until
now millions of people in Europe 'believe that
democracy is an outmoded and ineffective way of
life. They point scornfully to the United States,
a country of vast riches, struggling in the tenth
year of its great depression.
We now know that democracy must justify
itself, not alone by faith' but by works. What
kind of works?
Most of the things we have tried during the
Roosevelt Administration were tried by the Ro-
mans, as H. J. Haskell discovers when he applies
modern labels to history in his. new book, "The
New Deal, in Old Rome."
Among -economic experiments tried in Rome,
he lists these: Resettlement Administration;'
Public Works Administration; ever normal gran'
ary; two-price. system for. wheat; devaluation;
AAA; Farm Credit Administration; direct relief
or dole; and HOW.
Historians don't agree as to what caused the
fall of Rome and Mr. Haskell is skeptical: of the
parallel drawn from Roman experiments. One
might ask, was it the experiments that destroyed
Rome or were the experiments simply means at-
tempted that proved ineffective .i checking the
processes of disintegratior which wero ,atw n9o
By PROF. KENNETI-! ROWE
'No War lit Troy!
Drama has important contributions to make
which can be realized only through the develop-
ment of community centers of theatre activity. A
group of people in Ann Arbor has had the
imagination to see the possibilities-for our com-
rnunity and to devote time and energy and money
for such a development here. The annual spring
Drama Season which reulted is now open.
Last week in The Daily T gave carefully con-
sidered high praise to the selection of plays for
this year. Last night I witnessed one of the
most regrettable theatre-events in the history of
Ann Arbor. There is no degree of merit in a play
which cannot be obliterated by bad enough pro-
duction. What is being offered to Ann Arbor this
week, on the opening play when there is most
leisure and freedom for preparation, is a slovenly
production indifferently' conceived and under-
rehearsed, a glaring example of what will cer-
tainly defeat the best community endeavor.
From a professional and commercial enter-
prise we have the right to expect a moderate ap-
proximation to New York professional standards.
Aside from the familiarity of the Ann Arbor
audience with those standards, they are accus-
tomed to better things in local student produc-
tions. "No War in Troy" last night was a lacka-
daisical and savourless performance. We were
given heavy, unimaginative, ugly setting, and
costuming which suggested Salvation Army or
Thrift Shop origin.Philip Merivale was so badly
supported it was impossible to tell what pleasure
he might be able to give in the part. There is no
interest in detailed analysis on such a produc-
tion. The casting was bad, the acting was bad,
the stage-business bad, the directing bad
I looked forward to. No War in Troy with the
special interest of seeing a new play from an
assuredly skilled and gifted playwright. By the
utmost of professional effort, I was able to dis-
cern underneath the rendering, not another
superlative play like "Amphitryon 38," but a play
which should, with routine cutting on Ulysses'
speech, have given a thoroughly good evening in
the theatre, entertaining and mentally stimulat-
A good Drama Season is one of the things I
most want to see in Ann Arbor. We should have a
season enlivened with new plays and independ-
ence of selection from current Broadway plays
and classics, good production, and imaginative
whether or not expensive staging. We have the
plays this year. Last year the present manage-
ment showed us better production; perhaps they
still know how. Coming out of the theatre last
night, I overheard someone say, "Maybe we will.
have a good play next week." I hope so.
Thoughtful world opinion must applaud, as
did the women in the crowd at Turin, the declara-
tion of Premier Mussolini that, "There are not
at present in Europe problems big enough or
acute enough t justify a war" that could involve
all nations. In fact, such is the instinctive prayer
of the peoples for peace that millions upon
millions both in democratic and in authoritarian
countries would go farther than Il Duce and say
that with the facilities men now have for con-
sultation and conciliation there is never a set of
circumstances that can serve as a justification
for precipitating bloodshed or that cannot and
should not be ameliorated by peaceful and reas-
The Mussolini speech cannot but be hailed as
very hopeful for the peace of Europe and hence,
probably, that of the world. In view of the situa-
tion, it seems, notwithstanding the usual sar-
casm toward the democracies, to be addressed
more to Germany than to Britain or France. The
Italian leader surely recognizes that there is
nothing for Italy to gain in being dragged into a
war over Danzig or the Polish Corridor and that
even victory for the Axis powers could only, result
in Italy's becoming a German satellite.
If his assertion that he speaks "not only the
thought of Italy.but also of Germany and thus-
of the Axis" applies to the statement that re-
course to the sword is not necessary to cut the
knots in European politics, then it is doubly en-
couraging. If, however, it applies rather to the
demand, "There is need that these knots be un-
tied once and for all," the unity of the Rome-
Berlin Axis still need not imply war, for there are
many in Britain, France and America who agree
that justice must be done in the redress of condi-
tions which make living hard for Germans and
These conditions are the more severe just now
because of the "'white war" or economic war
which Premier Mussolini charges is being waged
on Germany and Italy by the so-called demo-
cratic powers. But this economic pressure is a
mechanism of defense to which the democracies
have resorted as against heavy rearmaments and
in hope of averting worse conflict. Signor Mus-
solini must realize-indeed, he seems to realize-
that the "white war" of commercial isolation is
one from which Italy or Germany can extricate
itself at any time by displaying a willingness to
confer with other nations over a relaxing of trade
barriers and by giving earnest in acts of their
disposition to preserve peace.
For the very mention of this trade situation
calls up the many 'discussions over access to raw
materials and markets and the recent proposal
of President Roosevelt to hold a conference at
which these questions would be examined with a
view to making commerce and living conditions
freer for all concerned. In this respect, is it too
much to look upon Premier Mussolini's Turin
speech as a second and milder reply to the Roose-
...a -~ a - .
--by David awrece -
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Fnbitration in the B iistln i; conw.tnitive notice to alle nbet s of the iUnersity.
Copy receied at the office of the Assistant to the President unti'3:30 P.M.;
11:00 A.M. on Saturday.
WASHINGTON, May 17.-History
repeats itself every now and then i
American politics, and this time th
issue is tax revision and the split in
one of the major parties comes on
the eve of a presidential election.
Back in 1911, the Republican par-
ty in Congress split on the tariff and
cost of living issues, and the insur-
gent point of view of the Republican
was a factor in giving the election to
the opposite party in 1912. Today, the
Democratic party is either going to
be split on tax revision and the issue
carried into the presidential cam-
paign, with a Probability that the op-
posite party will win, or else the
Democrats are going to be astute
enough to avoid the mistakes of in-
surgency and keep their party recon-
But it does look more like a split
than a harmonious relationship. The
reason is that the New Dealers, after
a remarkable period of understand-
ing of the public pulse, now disbe-
lieve that the 1938 congressional elec-
tions really meant anything national
and want to let the 1940 election con-
Tax revision is not what the New
Deal folks think it is as a political
issue. They assume that it is merely
the cry of a few rich men or pluto-
cratic interests for a reduction in
taxes. If this were so, it would be an
easy matter to turn on the streams
of denunciation and invective and
trust to the electorate to echo their
charges. But tax revision has be-
come identified with economic re-
covery. Little business, big business,
workers in the middle class, farmers
and others in the electorate who can
read have been told again and again
these last three years that business
recovery cannot be achieved until
the tax load on general business is
Tax Revision Sought
By every available evidence, in-
cluding the recent showings of the
Gallup poll, the American electorate
has begun to take seriously the de-
mand for a revision of taxes. The
administration's only answer, name-
ly that taxes cannot be cut unless
revenues from other sources increase
or else unless the budget itself is cut,
would be very persuasive if offered on
a background of retrenchment by the
administration itself or if recognition
had been continuously given to the
ills of business in some sort of com-
But, rightly or wrongly, the ad-
ministration is being pictured before
the country as the sadistic enemy of
business and the New Deal's inner
circle is being represented as truly
anxious to bring on a state of affairs
in which more rather than less gov-
ernmental regulation will become
One does not need for a moment
to accept as valid the imputations of
destructiveness or of the punitive
spirit said by their critics to be char-
acteristic of New Dealers to see that
there is inside Congress a definite
cleavage as between independent
Democrats and administration Demo-
crats. The differences between them
are neither accidental nor casual.
They are deeply rooted in a point of
view. Most of the administration
Democrats are following without
complaint the leadership of the Pres-
ident, while the independents are in-
sisting that the President's leadership
is not in conformity with public opin-
ion today or in the best interests of
Good Judge Of Opinion
Mr."Roosevelt feels that, in the
pastrhe has been a pretty good judge
of public opinion and that he has not
been wrong about the liberal impulses
of the American people, and that
they will not want him to change his
course if to do so means to give up
the reforms he has been putting into
On fiscal policy, however, and
especially on taxation, it is not easy
to draw a liberal-conservative issue,
for nobody likes taxes; and, when the
public debt rises to forbidden heights,
it is no longer possible from a po-,
litical point of view to offer a con-
The pendulum has always swung
the other way in the past when de-
pression has prevailed during an elec-
tion year. In 1936, a relative amount
of recovery had been achieved and
the country had an optimistic mood
about the future. Today, disappoint-
ment over the failure of the unem-
ployed to find jobs, the increaseeach
year. of more young men who join the
ranks of the unemployed, the con-
stant outcries of business men against
the taxes they are paying and which
they say are deterring economic re-
covery-all contribute to a negative
mood on the part of voters. This is
why Sen. Pat Harrison, chairman of
the Senate Finance Committee, feels
that, in differing with the President,
he is making a desperate attempt to
save the Democratic party from de-
The insur-eane nf the wstern Re-
n i FRIDAY, MAY 19, 1939
e VOL. XLIX. No. 16G
Seniors:The firm which furnishes
diplomas for the University has sent
l the following caution: Please warn
graduates not to store diplomas in
s cedar chests. There is enough of
the moth-killing aromatic oil in the
average cedar chest to soften inks of
any kind that might be stored inside
them, resulting in seriously damaging
the diplomas. Shirley W. Smith.
Student Accounts: Your attention is
called to the following rules passed
by the Regents at their meeting of1
February 28, 1936:
"Students shall pay all accounts
due the University' not later than
'the last day of classes of each semes-
ter or Summer Session. Student loans
which fall due during any semester
or Summer Session which are not paid
or renewed are subject to this regu-
lation; however, student loans not yet
due are exempt. Any unpaid accounts
due at the close of business on the
last day of classes will be reported to
the Cashier of the University, and
"(a) All academic credits will be
withheld, the grades for the semes-
ter or Summer Session just complet-
ed will not be released, and no tran-
script of credits will be issued.
"(b) All students owing such ac-
counts will not be allowed to regis-
ter in any subsequent semester or
Summer Session until payment has
S. W. Smith, Vice-President
Commencement Tickets: Tickets
for Commencement may be obtained
on request after June 2 at the Busi-
ness office, Room 1, University Hall.
. Inasmuch as only two Yost Field
House tickets are available for each
senior, please present identification
card when applying for tickets.
Herbert G. Watkins.
May we call to the attention of al
those concerned that any complaints
on telephone service should come to
Mr. Bergman or the undersgined in
the Business Office. Please do not
place your compaints with the Tele-
phone Company. Very often service
can be improved by suggestions from,
this office without assistance from
a technical expert.
Herbert G. Watkins. -
First Mortgage Loans: The Univer-
sity has a limited amount of funds
to loan on modern well-located Ann
Arbor residential property. Interest
at, currnt rates. F.H.A. terms avail-
able. Apply Investment Office, Room
100; South Wing, University Hall.
Faculty, College of Engineering:
There will be a meeting of the Facul-
ty on Monday, May 22, at 4:15 p.m.,-in
Room 348, West Engineering Build-
ing. The agenda will include: Nom-
ination of Panel for Executive Com-
mittee; Election of University Coun-
cil Member; a Progress Report from
the Committee on Coordination in
Teaching; Report of Committee on a
Standard for English Composition;
and Routine Business.
Marsh and Mandelbaum Scholar-
ships in the College of Literature,'
Science, and the Arts: Upon the
recommendation of the special schol-
arship committee of the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts the
following awards for the academic
session 1939-1940 have been made.'
Simon Mandelbaurn Scholarships,
with a stipend of approximately $400
Emery Allen Cook, Jr., Tulsa, Okla.
William Gordon Jackson, Mar-
Michael Massa, Collingdale, Pa.
Fanny Fansom Scholarships, with
stipends as indicated-
Florence Mae Krenzler, Cleveland,
; Mary-Jean Sanford, Kansas City,
John Pitt Marsh Scholarships, with
stipends as indicated-
Stanford Sobel, Detroit, Mich., $70.
Harry Edward Goodman, Lebanon,
Gerald Martin Waters, Rome, New
York, $60. '
The special committee of award of
the College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts consists of Professors J. E.1
Dunlap, N. E. Nelson, and A. B. Peck,
Degree Program for Honors in Lib-+
eral Arts: The students named below'
have been accepted for admission to.
the Degree Program for Honors in
the fall of 1939:
Helen A. Breed
Ralph G. Conger
Jean E. Fairfax
Barbara J. Fisher
Howard A. Goldman
Maya D. Gruhzit
Jane E. Higbee
John A. Huston
William G. Jackson
Helen E. Jimerson
Ka.rl f m~ Kaca
Ellen F. Rhea
L. William Sessions
Samuel H. Sheplow
Notice of a reading list for the sum-
Smer will be included in the Daily
Official Bulletin in the near future.
Choral Union Members. Refund on
deposit for Choral Union music books
will be nade from 9 to 12, and from 1
to 4 o'clock daily, up to noon Friday,
May 19, at the general office of the
School of Music. Members are cau
tioned that no refunds will be made
after that date.
Charles A. Sink.
The official senior booklets and an-
nouncemfents can no longer be se-
cured through the several senior
class committees but they may be
ordered for a limited time from the
Burr, Patterson and Auld Co., 603
Senior Engineers who failed to get
fitted with Caps and Gowns on Mon-
day and Tuesday will be able to be
fitted at the Michigan League on
SSaturday morning, May 20, between
10 and 12.
50 new Caps and Gowns have been
purchased. All Seniors who have
not made arrangements for their
caps and gowns may purchase their
certificates and get fitted Saturday
morning between 10 and 12 at the
Senior Engineers: The composite
picture for the Engineering Class of
1939 is now being made up. In order
that your picture be included, wheth-
er or not you are graduating in June,
.your class dues must be paid in full
on or before May 20, and you must
have had a picture taken for the
The picture will be hung in the
West Engineering Building, and addi-
tional prints may be had at $2.25
Senior Engineering Picture
Sophomore, Junior, Senior 'and
Graduate Students in Aeronautical
Engineering: Announcement is made
of a Civil Service' Examination for
Engineering Draftsman. Applications
must be filed with the Civil Service
Commission by June 12, 1939. Those
interested may examine the an-
nouncement concerning this 'position
which is posted on the Aeronautical
Engineering Bulletin Board.
Tenth Annual Exhibition of Sculp-
ture, in the concourse of the Michi-
gan League Building.
Invents T oday
Ann Arbor Independents: Lantern
Night rehearsal, today, in the game
room of the League from 4 to 5.
Attention, Finnish students: The
Suomi Club's annual spring picnic
is scheduled for tonight
The group will leave Lane hall
at 7 p.m. In case of rain, the picnic
will be held in the Upper Room of
International Center: Tonight, Fri-
day, May 19, the last Recreation
Night for this year will bring 'the
series to a close. The duplicate bridge
tournament, which has been running
for the past few weeks, will be played
to a finish. Mr. Magee will be in
Stalker Hall: Tonight, 5:30 p.m.,
Freshman Squad supper and dis-
cussion at the church. 7:30 p.m.
Class in "Through the New Testa-
ment"-e b r Brashaes8:4
p.m. Hayride party leaving Stalker
Hall. Call 6881 for reservations-
cost 30 cents.
Orthodox services will be held at
the Hillel Foundation tonigh't at'7:15
School of Education Luncheon at
the Michigan Union on Saturday, May
20, at 1 o'clock. There will be an all
School of Education luncheon for
Staff Members, Graduates and Un-
dergraduates. Following the luncheon
there will be an appropriate enter-
tainment. Tickets are now 'on sale
at the office of the School of Edu-
The Graduate Record Club mem-
bers have arranged the following rec-
ord concert for Saturday, May 20:
Bach, Brandenburg 'Concerto Num-
ber Two; Mozart, Symphony Num-
ber Thirty-one; Tschaikowsky, Ro-
meo and Juliet Overture; Debussy,
Afternoon of a Faun; Wagner, Fire
Music from Die Valkyrie. Both gradu-
ates and undergraduates are wel-
come to these concerts which will en..