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February 21, 1939 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1939-02-21

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Weather

YI e

Sir zgrni

Fair and colder today;
warmer Wednesday

Iait

Editorial
Education Must Fight
Venereal Disease . . .

. XLIX. No. 100

Z-323

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, FEB. 21, 1939

PRICE FIVE

Foreign Arms
Purchase Here
Gets Approval
Of Republicans
Senate Foes Of Roosevelt
O K Armaments Buying
- Of Holland And Russia
Demand Purchases
Be Kept'In Open'
WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.-()-A
Russian proposal to build battleships
in American yards and a Netherlands
plan to buy more than 100 military
airplanes here won the approval to-
day of some of the most outspoken
Senate critics of President Roose-
velt's handling of warplane sales to
the French.
The approval was qualified, how-
ever, by assertions that the United
States should disclose none of its mili-
tary secrets, make all sales on a cash
basis and conduct negotiations with
the prospective purchasers "in the
open.")
The Soviet Government, it was re-
cently reporte.d, is to send a' naval
mission here to negotiate for con-
struction of two battleships in this
coutry. State Department officials
understand that a Netherlands mili-
tary mission is already in this coun-
try to arrange purchases of airplanes
and other war materials.
Republicans Favorable
Senator Bridges of Anew Hampshire,
Nye of North Dakota and Autin of
Vermont, all Fepublicans, said they
oould see no objection to either the
Russian or Netherlands proposals.
Austin, making the reservation that
he knew little of the nature of the
proposals, declared "I see no earthly
reason why any fuss should be made
about them."
"I think we should sell to both of
them," said Bridges, shortly before
making a radio address highly criti-
cal of President Roosevelt's conduct
of foreign -affairs. "But I say that
with the provision that we must give
the United States priority on the
latest developments and inventions,
that the buyers nrust pay cash and
negotiations must be carried on in
the open."
After making similar qualifications,
Nye said he saw no objection to the
proposals.
Nye And Austin Differ
Earlier in the cay Nye had renewed
ghiscriticism of Administration hand-
ling of the Frencht plane deal and
thereby disclosed a sharp difference
of opinion between himself and Sen-
ator Atistin.,
Austin had said that the investiga-
tion by the Senate Military Commit-t
tee, of which both are members, satis,
fied him there was nothing "unneu-
tral" or "provocative" in the trnsac-r
tion and he expressed the beliefit was
entirely proper.1
Nye in a statement which he dictat-t
Id to reporters shortly after proposing
legislation to restrict President Roose-
velt's powers in making airplane sales,
said:
"The transaction as a whole stillE
strikes me as having been unusuali
to the point of inviting continuingc
suspicion."z
Wonders About Secrecy
He explained Ile could not under-
stand why the Treasury Department,i
as the inquiry showed, had been in-
volved in promoting the sale, or whyt
negotiatibns had been carried on inc
"such secrecy."
"I certainly do not approve," he1
continued,' "the manner in which'

the advice and protest of the War
Department was ignored in the sale
of aircraft that presumably afforded
a distinct advantage to our country
from the standpoint of national de-.
fense."
The committee investigation was
concerned entirely with negotiations
which resulted in a French order for
100 light bombers of a new type de-
veloped by the Douglas Aircraft Corp.
for entrance in army competition. The
War Department protested giving the
French access to this plane but Presi-
dent Roosevelt approved.
In his bill Nye proposed to put intot
law present army and navy regula-
tions governing the release for for-
eign sale of military planes built on1
Government contract to Government1

Br

itain Seeks To Curb Italian Press;
German Papers Hit Roosevelt Policy

Leads Swimmers

ROME, Feb. 20--(P)-Britain to-
day asked Italy to soften her press
attacks against France in the inter-
ests of European appeasement, while
the Fascist Government continued
strengthening her defenses in the
North African colony of Libya.
The British representations were
made on a day marked by Italian press'
charges that President Roosevelt and
the European democracies were push-
ing the world' toward war.
The Earl of Perth, British Ambassa-
dor, called the attention of the Itali-
an Foreign Minister, Count Galeazzo
Ciano, particularly to Relazione In-
ternazionale, a weekly review pub-
lished in Milan by the Government-.
supported Institute for Foreign Policy,
which had voiced threats that Italian
troops might settle scores with France
unless Italian claims are granted. ;
On Feb. 11 the weekly predicted
Italy would get Corsica, Island De-
partment of France, even if she had
to fight for it. "Sooner or later,"
the paper said, Corsica '(must be re-
turned to the lap of the motherland."
Corsica, settled by Italians, was sold
to France in 1768.
In well-informed quarters it was
said Lord Perth also renewed last
Satu day previous representations on
Italia troop reinforcements in Libya.
Count Ciano was understood to
hiave assured the British envoy again
that a recent reinforcement was a
precautionary measure taken solely in
view of French reinforcements in
Tunisia.,
In some quarters the question was
raised whether reinforcement of thet
Libyan garrison from 30,000 to 60,000i
troops conflicted with the Anglo-
[talian friendship agreement ratifed1
last November. One condition forT
ratification was reduction of the Lib-k
yan garrison, which then had been
carried out.
Italians estimated the number ofc
French troops in North Africa, in-
cluding Tunisia, Algeria, and Mar-
occo, at 100,000.
Marshal Pietro Badoglio, chief ofs
the Italian General Staff, yesterdayI
began a tour of Libya to test thed
efficiency of the garrison. 'i

Hint Franco Plans
Role As Dictatoi
Over New Regim

20,000 Nazi Bundsmen
Rally; 100,000 Protest
NEW YORK, Feb. 20.-(P)-Thle
pro-Nazi German-American Bund
showed its strength to an excited New
York tonight by rallying a throng
that filled Madison Square Garden
for a meeting with all the trappings
of a German mass assembly.
While police estimated that 20,000
had jammed into the Eighth Avenue
sports arena before the doors were
closed at 8:55 p.m. (EST), they also
figured that 100,000 anti-Nazi, sight-
seers and passersby were packed
around the area.
Isolated from the Garden itself by
a shoulder-to-shoulder ring of 1,500
policemen, would-be pickets vainly
bucked the defense lines and shouted
demands for their "right to picket."

BERLIN, Feb. 20-(P)-The Ger-
man press leveled fresh attacks at
President Roosevelt today and a
well-informed correspondence ser-
vice, Dienst Aus Deutschland, attrib-
uted to him a "critical influence" on
the policies of western powers.
The attacks were occasioned by re-
ports the President might cut short
a Caribbean cruise and return to
Washington because of European
storm clouds.
The Berlin newspaper Nachtaus-
gabe, in its headline, said the Presi-
dent was "seeing ghosts" and went
on to assert that he "again prophe-
sies a war." Another Berlin paper,
Lokal Anzeiger, commented, "he who
sows the wind will reap a storm."
In general, the press pictured all
America as excited by the "new bait-
ing by peace-listurber Roosevelt"
and a "theatrical coup in Washing-
ton." Nachtausgabe asked if the Presi-
dent's "ceaseless war gossip" was in-
(Continued on Page 6)

Fatal Shooting Of Student Starts
~DailyIllini' On Vice Clean-Up
0 Q$

Council Names
Group To Hear
Tax Objections
Three members of the Ann Arbor
City Council were appointed last
night by Council President Leigh J.
Young to meet with President Ruth-
ven and discuss reasons of the Uni-
,versity Regents for turning down the
city's request for payment of monies
on tax-free University property at
their Jan. 31 meeting.
Named as chairman of the com-
mittee was Ald. Russell T. Dobson,
seventh ward, second precinct. Others
on the committee are Ald. Donald J.
Mayer, second ward; Aid. Cecil 0.
Creal, third ward. All of these men
supported thecity's original resolu-
tion, passed at the Council's Dec. 5
meeting after considerable debate.
The resolution petitioned the Uni-
versity to pay the city the current tax
rate on all properties owned by the
University but leased or rented to
private, parties, to pay a sum on all
property from which income in the
form of rents or sale of food is de-
rived, and to pay a lump sum for
police and fire protection. These
monies were asked in view of the fact.
that property owned by the, Univers-
ity is tax free.
The Regents at their last meeting

Germany And Italy
Close Permanent
For Nationalistic

University Paper Demands
Authorities Act; Blame
Shifted To Local Police
By PAUL CHANDLER
The Daily Illini, student newspaper
of the University of Illinois, lashed
out in an editorial yesterday against
the presence of "vice and corruption"
in Champaign, following the fatal
shooting early last Thursday of Wil-
liam Spurrier, a freshman at the
University, by the Negro matron of a
boarding house.
Spurrier, 20 year old youth from
Toledo, was killed when he and five
other college boys attempted to gain
admission to the house at 1:30 a.m.
Thursday morning.
The shooting was followed by a
series of accusations, leveled at the
University of Illinois administration,
demanding action against vice resorts
in Champaign and Urbana. The uni-
versity shifted the blame to local
police authorities, and declared that
"the university administration does
not in any manner condone the con-
duct of the students who were involved
in the incident."
The student newspaper spoke for
immediate action to prevent a recur-
rence of the tragedy, and to clear the
reputation of other students.
"The overwhelming majority of
Illinois students are clean, serious
men andsw enwho have never
knowingly been within shouting dis-
tance of these resorts," said the edi-
torial. "For misconduct on the part
of a few, the whole university suf-
Ters."
The board of trustees of the Uni-

Al

Activ ity Smoker
Slated Thursday
Heads Of Campus Groups
To Sketch Functions
Men students interested in enter-
ing campus activities will have an,
opportunity to become acquainted
with these activities at the Union
"activities smoker" to be held at 8
p.m. Thursday in the main ballroom
of the Union, it was announced"yes-
terday by Harry Howell, '40E, Union
orientation chairman.
Short talks will be given by the
heads of nuperous campus organiza-
tions' describing the functions and
character of their groups. Activities
treated will include the 'Ensian, the
Gargoyle, independent men's Con-
gress, the Union, the Daily and num-
erous others, Robert Canning, '39,
president of the Interfraternity Coun-
cil and head cheer leader, will act as
master of ceremonias.
Entertainment for the smoker will;
be provided by the Varsity Glee Club,
Howell stated, Following the explana-
tory remarks of the various organiza-
tion leaders' students will have an
opportunity for further discussion.
During this period refreshments will
be served.

V
41
n
d
r
rI
n
k
t,
ti
a
f+

Tickets Available
For Marital Course
Tickets for the second semester
marital relations lecture course re-
main available today. They 'will be
on sale from 2 to 5 p.m. and from
7 to 9 p.m. at the Union and League.
Wives of students may purchase
tickets at Lane Hallsand professional
students in public health at Barbour
Gymnasium. A limited number of
tickets are also available for faculty
members upon application at Lane
Hall.
A fee of $1.00 will be charged for
the series with sales being limited to
1000 persons.

versity of Illinois called a meeting in
Chicago, and urged that the full
power of the state government be
used to stamp out vice in the uni-
versity community.
At the same time the father of one
of young Spurrier's companions with-
drew his son from the university,
criticizing the university administra-
tion.
T. P. Sullivan, head of the state
department of criminal investigation,
conducted an examination of condi-
tions in Champaign, and was sched-
uled to make a report to acting Gov.
John Steele today.
University of Illinois students, act-
ing through their elected senate,
pledged themselves to do "everything
in their power," to remedy condi-
tions of vice.
The slaying occurred when the
students sought admission to the
house, and were refused entrance. One
of them threw a beer bottle through
a front window, and the matron fired
and shot Spurrier. The woman was
arrested and charged with murder.'
Famed Cellist '
To Play Here
Monday Night
Piatigorsky Will Make His1
Third Local Appearance
In Choral Union ConcertE
Gregor Piatigorsky, distinguished
Russian violin-cellist, will present the
ninth Choral Union Concert of the
current year Monday, Feb. 27, in Hillj
Auditorium.
Piatigorsky has made two previoust
visits here, each time amazing pa-
trons with his brilliant, sensitive
touch. A recent critic pointed out3
that Piatigorsky is essentially a viol-
inist except that he attempted some-;
thing more difficult in performing
with a cello.-
He was born in 1903, and at 151
was first violin-cellist with the Iii-
penal Opera in Moscow. Following the
revolution, he was forced to go to
Berlin where he won the post of first
violin-cellist with the Berlin Phil-
harmonic under Furtwaengler. From
that time, his rise was rapid, and
extensive international tours quickly
followed.
Still in his thirties, Piatigorsky is
regarded as the premier violin-cellist
in the world. Lawrence Gilman of the
New York Herald-Tribune recently
said of him: "A poet, a lyrist .. . one
of the most accomplished of living
virtuosi of the bow. Piatigorsky
played beatifully on an instrument
that sang like a morning star en-
cased in wood."
Meeting To Protest
Embargo Friday
Part of a national demonstration,
to demand the lifting of the embargo
on the sale of arms to Loyalist Spain,
a meeting will be held 4 p.m. Friday
in the North Lounge of the Union
under the auspices of the American
Student Union's peace committee.
Negotiation to bring a well-known
speaker to the campus is now being
no rrl nnff

TOM HAYNIE
* * * \
Varsity Meets
Go hers' Tank
Squad Tonight
Swimmers Out To Break
Marks In Three Events
At Intramural Building
By MEL FINEBERG

Mic igan's swimming team, nettled refused the city's demands for reas-
!over its 42-42 tie with Ohio State last ons which President Ruthvenksaid in
Saturday, will vent its ire in a dual his communication to the Council
meet with Minnesota and then let he could not discuss in a letter, but
!off more steam as it attempts to break which he would be glad to discuss
three American records tonight at the with a group representing the Coun-
Intramural Pool. cil.
The marks which the swimmers
will attempt to better are the 500
yard, the 600 yard and the mile free State 'Nobody Knows'
style. Seventeen men will go 100- Is -Ben East's Subject
yards apiece and then Hal Benham,
a diver who anchored the record- Ben East, outdoor writer for the
setting breast stroke relay on the 25th Boot newspapers will present a mo-
of January, will finish the mile with tioncitureaecture on pThe Michi-
a 60-yard sprint.tinciuelcueo"TeMh-
alt yillrdtrtthemgan Nobody Knows" at 8:15 p.m. to-
Walt Tomski will start the parade day in Hill Auditorium. The public
with Charley Barker, Tom Haynie is invited.
and Gus Sharemet following in that iS..ned
order. The record breaking, if there Sponsored jontly by the geography
is to be any, will begin with Bill department and The Ann Arbor News,
Holmes having to bring to five man the lecture, supplemented by 90 min-
time total up to not more than 4:28.4, utes of colored films, will deal with
the American mark set by Yale on the scenic attractions of Isle Royale
Feb. 25, 1937. and the Upper Peninsula.
Ed Hutchens will then attempt toP
break the 600-yard mark of 5:20, PHOTO TRYOUTS
established by Yale University on The Daily needs press photog-
March 4, 1937. raphers, it was announced today.
Of the first six men, all are varsity Students who own at least a
men except Sharemet, a yearling. photoflash synchronizer and a cut
Jim Welsh, a distance man who film camera and are interested are
can shade :54 for the hundred and invited to apply with their equip-
Bill Beebe, who doubles in the back ment at 4 p.m. Friday at the Publi-
stroke and free style, will complete ations Building. Experience is not
the first half mile. necessary.
Tommy Williams, versatile fresh-
man who was one' of the record will pass it along to freshman Bud
breakers in both breast and back Wehrheim. Either Jurge Carulla or
stroke, Dave Holmes, Dobson Burton Johnny Sharemet will swim the second
and John Gillis, both freshmen, Dick last leg and then to Benham will go
Reidl, freshman back stroker will the task of winding up the mile.
bring the relay up to the 1300 yard The l resent record is 16:22.2 and
mark. was set by Michigan in 1935.
Art Ebeling will pick up the torch To break the mark, the 17 men will
from there, and hand it to varsity have to average a shade under :55
distance man Blake Thaxter, who (Continued on Page 3)

Suner Rumored
As New Premiei
PARIS, Feb. 20-(P)-A reporte
plan of Generalissimo Francisco Fran
co for a new Nationalist governmen
for all Spain, with himself as dicta
torial chief of state, was widely inter
preted tonight by diplomats as fore
shadowing close permanent relation
with Germany and Italy.
Meanwhile, British-French peac
negotiations at Burgos, snagged o:
Nationalist insistence that the Re
publican Government surrender un
::onditionally, approached a show
down in a conference scheduled fo
Wednesday.
Reports Franco had chosen hi
.Fascist brother-in-law., Serrano Sun
er, as prospective premier came a
Paris newspapers widely reproduce
a message of "eternal gratitude" fron
the Generalissimo's foreign ministe
for the friendship of Germany, Ital,
Portugal and Japan.
Suner A Favorite
The message was sent to a Germa
periodical, Wille Und Macht, by Gen
eral Count Francisco Gomez Jordan
Nationalist foreign minister. The mes
sage added to mild excitement occa
sioned by the reported choice .o
Suner.
Suter, at present Franco's Minis
ter of Interior, is one of the outstand
ing leaders of the Spanish Fascis
falange and reputedly, favors clos
ties with Italy and Germany.
In expressing gratitude to Ger
many, Italy, Portugal and Japan
Gomez Jordana called them "Nation.-
al Spain's only true friends in he
late hours of need."
France Uneoided
Whether Franco had proposed thi
new government-eight ministers un-
der Suner's nominal direction-as a
permanent regime was a question
Franco was said to have filled mos
of the posts on paper, according tj
reports reaching Rome, but installs-
tion might not take place until h4
could make all Spain his.
France and Britain were reportec
to have counted long on restoratiox
of the Spanishmonoarchy as a mean
of increasing their influence on thi
new Spain.
With emissaries to Burgos, the:
were virtually committed to earl:
recognition of the Franco regime a.
the legal government of Spain bu
were seeking to turn Franco from hi
demand for unconditional Republica
surrender.
Democracies In Danger
Diplomatic sources freely expresse
the opinion that Franco, already as
sured of German and Italian friend
ship, was determined to have his owl
way with France and Britain.
Sen. Leon Berard, French emissar;
was enroute tonight from Burgos t
St. Jean-de-Luz France, to telephon
French Foreign Minister George Bon
net for new instructions in his talk
He and the British commercia
agent for Nationalist Spain, Sir RoIb
ert M. Hodgson, conferred at noo
today after Nationalist representa
tives had reiterated ranco's ini
mum peace conditions-victory fr
his arms or unconditional surrene
by his foe. They arranged to se
Foreign Minister Gomez Jordan
Wednesday.
Ohio State 'Dies' Group
Quizzes Faculty Mentors
COLUMBUS, Feb. 20.-(P)-A con
mittee of three Ohio State Universit
trustees quizzed ,10 faculty member
today in its investigation of-asserte
"un-American activities" on the can
pus, and then recessed for a week.
The committee requested the Amer
ican Legion to submit all informatio
which led the veterans to demand a
inquiry.
In the three hours of questions b
S. P. Dunkle, special counsel for th

trustees, outstanding facts uncoere
were that the Marxist and Socialih
clubs, mentioned in the Legion
"un-American" charges, had a tots
of but 27 members out of the mor
than 10,000 students, and that th
faculty advisers knew little of the
aims and programs.

Unified Relief Policy Seen Vital
To Reduce Suffering And Waste

Purdue Student Paper Attacks
Sixty Dollar Pilot Training Fee

(Editor's Note: This is the second in
as series of articles written in collabora-
tion with members of the economics
department dealing with the problem
of relief In America.)
By JACK CANAVAN
Economists estimate the permanent,
unavoidable relief burden for future
years (neglecting new depressions) at
two and one-half billion dollars. How
to carry this load without imposing a
serious strain on production is per-
haps America's most perplexing prob-
lem today.
In searching for aformula to apply,
they remind us, the following factors
must be kept in mind: the materialj
needs of the unemployed, their psychicI
wants, the cost involved and the com-
munity's ability to pay these costs.)
This raises squarely the question
of "direct relief" versus "work re-

public debt, largely the result of "em-
ergency" relief borrowing, has mani-
fested itself in acrid legislative de-
bate over work relief, the threatened
lopping off of WPA funds, and legis-
lative failure to appropriate money
'for relief as happened in Illinois and
Ohio in 1937. Hence the cry for the
cheaper form of direct relief.
In many communities, however, the
improvements made possible by work
relief have remade the physical en-
vironment of the area. Deserts have
been literally transformed into gar-
dens and new wealth added to the
community. In addition, sociologists
point out, work relief means conser-
Ivation of human resources, prevents
needless erosion of skill and morale.
But the average cost of supporting
a person on work relief, economists
estimate, soars two and one-half

By S. R. KLEIMAN
Opposition to the $60 fee required
for entrance into the Student Pilots
Training Program has been crystal-
lized at Purdue University, it was
learned yesterday in a letter from the
editor of the Purdue Exponent dis-
cussing a campaign there against the
fee.
Purdue, Michigan and 11 other
colleges in various parts of the coun-
try were chosen to train 300 pilots
this semester in preparation for the
training of 20,000 college men next
year.
The letter, which was signed by H.
I. Stanback, came in response to an
inquiry made by The Daily in re-
gard to the attitude toward the fee on
the other campuses involved in the
plan. It was felt that there was wide-
spread resentment here on the
grounds that the fee prevents two-
thirds of the student body from par-

CAA "merely suggested that a $20 fee
be charged to pay for mass insur-
ance." However, Stanback pointed
out that "Purdue has set up a $25
fee for this purpose and has also add-
ed another $25 fee for the groundI
school course."
Stanback inclosed an Exponent edi-
torial which made this comment :
" .the necessity for the extra $25
ground course fee (which the CAA did
not recommend) seems rather doubt-
ful. We understand that any of this
money which is not used up by the"
course expense will go toward in-
vestigation into best methods of con-'
ducting the flying course. Also we
have been told that the extra expense
will be necessary next semester be-
cause there is no time to put through
an University appropriation to pay
for the two or three extra class sec-
tions.
"Perhaps that justifies the charge
for, thic -cPmP~ocfck,.Tn nOnv PpfIw

ecifications.

nle To Lead Forum
Probing Russell's Talk
rof. Paul Henle of the philosophy
artment will lead a discussion on

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