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May 09, 1939 - Image 1

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1939-05-09

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Weather
Showers and cooler today.
Cooler tomorrow

LI

Sir iga

tili

Editorial
Preface To A
New Year .

VOL. XLIX. No. 157 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MAY 9, 1939
. -

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Mine Owners
And Workers
Accept Offer
To End Strike
Invitation Follows Lewis
Attack Against Labor
Policies Of New Deal
Roosevelt's Effort
Lauded By Perkins
NEW YORK, May 8:.-(A)-Con-
ferees representin the United Mine
Workers and Appalachian coal opera-
tors tonight accepted an invitation
to confer tomorrow with President
Roosevelt in an effort to end their
long dispute over a new labor con-
tract.
Only a few hours before, John L.
Lewis, head of the UMW and of the,
Congress of Industrial Organizations,
had put the blame on the Roosevelt
administration for the long shut-
down of the bituminous industry
which followed the failure of opera-
tors and miners to reach a new labor
agreement to replace that which ex-
pired March 31.
Acceptance of President Roosevelt's
invitation to meet him in Washington
was announced by Secretary of Labor
Frances Perkins. She said the exact
hour for the conference had not been
set.
Amounees Intervention
Announcing the President's direct
intervention in the dispute, Miss Per-l
kins said she believed the operators,
in refusing, as she put it, to continuel
operations under the old union con-j
tract pending negotiations, had made
t "violation of the principle, of the
ethics, of collective bargaining." 1
"Among the things which are gen-
erally accepted," she added, "is that
every effort should be made to con-
tinue operations."
She remarked that the government
had "borne down heavily" on the
unions generally in support of that
principle.
In contrast toher statement, Lewis1
had said earlier in a blunt letter to
Dr. John R. Steelman, labor depart-j
ment conciliator:
Failure Misleading
"Failure of the Roosevelt adminis-
tration to approve or sustain the7
mine workers' offers to keep the in-,
dustry in operation caused many coal
operators to believe that they had
carte blanche to disembowel the mine
workers union if they could. In con-
sequence, your labor department must
accept responsibility for its own ad-
ministrative blunder.
Secretary Perkins did not comment
directly on Lewis' letter. She said,
however, that if an agreement was
not reached quickly to reopen the
closed mines, the government would
be forced to take "a practical course
to get the coal moving."
These, she said, included the fact
that a "coal crisis will be announced
by the coal commission in the near
future; the fact that "the union shop
has been discussed more vigorously
than before;" and that the Appala-
chian Operators Association operates
under the unit rule.
Wolverines Face
Kalamazoo Nine
Smick To Pitch As Team

Seeks SixthStraight Win
By NORM MILLER
Coach Ray Fisher's high riding
Wolverines will be after their sixth
straight victory when they play host
to Western State Teachers College
here today at 4:00 p.m. It will be the
last non-Conference home game of
the season for the Varsity.
Judging from the 7-0 shutout that
Michigan handed the Broncos last
week, the Wolverines should have
little difficulty with the Kalamazoo
nine this afternoon. But in order to
keep his two ace pitchers in top form
for the impending Big Ten battles,
Coach Fisher will use Danny Smick
and Jack Barry in today's tilt with
the Teachers.
The Wolverine mentor's plans call
for the veteran Smick to start and
work for the first four or five innings.
Jack Barry, the junior who blanked
Western State with four hits in the
first game, will then take over the
mound duties and carry on for the
next three or four frames, with Lyle
Bond or Mickey Stoddard finishing
(Continued on Page 3)

Pleads For Peace

DUKE OF WINDSORj
May Festival
To Be Opened.
By Swarthout
Ormandy And Symphony
Orchestra Will Assist1
Famed Soprano Star
Gladys Swarthout, celebrated so-
prano star of radio, opera and motionc
pictures, will open the four-day pro-j
gram of the forty-sixth annual Maya
Festival at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow in Hill1
Auditorium.-
Miss .Swarthout will be accom-
panied by the Philadelphia Sym-
phony Orchestra directed by Eugene
Ormandy. Her program will be the
first of this year's Festival, which will
present 13 solo artists, three organiza-
tions and Verdi's "Otello," in concertj
form.
The second concert, Thursday, will
feature Selma Amansky, soprano;
Jan Peerce, tenor, and Rudolf Serkin,"
tenor, with the Philadelphia Orches-
tra and the University Choral Union.
Prof. Earl V. Moore of the School of{
Music will assist Mr. Ormandy as
guest conductor.
Only a limited supply of tickets are
still available for the first concerts,
Pres. Charles A. Sink of the School
of Music said yesterday. Ticket sales
have been tremendous, he continued,
and only standing room remains for
the Friday and Saturday evening con-
certs.
Friday evening Marian Anderson,
Negro contralto, who has become the
sensation of the concert stage in the
past three years, will return to Ann
Arbor. She will be supported by the,
Men's Chorus of the Choral Union
and the Philadelphia Orchestra.
Feature of the Festival will be the
concertized version of "Otello" Satur-
day evening in which Giovanni Mar-
tinelli, tenor; Helen Jepson, soprano
and Richard Bonelli, baritone, will
be starred.
Miss Swarthout's program tomor-
'ow evening will , include Strauss's
symphonic poem, "Don Juan;" Mono-
logue de Didon from "Les Troyens a
Carthage" and "Una Voce poco fa"
from Rossini's "Barber of Seville."
Miss Swarthout began her operatic
career with the Chicago Civic Opera
Company. She made her debut at the
Metropolitan Opera in 1930 and has
been featured in four motion pic-
tures.
Van Wagoner Gives Word
LANSING, May 8. -(P) State
Highway Commissioner Murray D.
Van Wagoner promised Governor
Dickinson today his department
would not be among "prpssure"
groups seeking special favor from
the legislature.

Duke Breaks
Silence, Asks
World Peace
Appeals To All Statesmen
To Rise Above National
Aims And Avoid Wars
His Talk Is Banned
In Home Country
VERDUN, France, May 8.-(P)-
The Duke of Windsor appealed to-
night to "all political leaders" to rise
above "purely national interests" to
avoid war. His words were broad-
cast and carried, it was understood,
with the approval of his brother,
George VI of England.
Before the Duke spoke from hisJ
famous World War battle sector, an
responsible source said he had ex-
changed radio communications withn
his brother, the King, who wasa
aboard the Empress of Australia en
route to America on a good will tour.
King George was understood ton
have given his personal sanction forc
the peace broadcast, although thef
Duke in his speech made it plyin he
spoke for no one but himself and
"without the previous knowledge ofe
any government." '
Bury JealousiesC
He urged national leaders to bury
"jealousies and suspicions" to nego-a
tiate by "mutual concessions in whichI
conflicting claims can be adjusted."I
The speech, delivered at a momenta
when his younger brother and suc-
cessor, King George VI, was travel-b
ling to Canada and the United States,
had aroused a widespread impression
that the Duke was returning to poli-c
tics, but he insisted he was not. c
His speech was broadcast to thet
United States and by short wave toi
Europe and South America, but wask
banned in England by the semi-gov-
ernment-controlled British Broad-e
casting Corporation. English news-r
papers carried news reports of thet
address, however.
The speech was delivered from a
country inn here in the course of ar
several days' tour of World War bat-3
tlefields. The Duke chose in Ver-
dun a place where Germans were re-
pelled in an historic defense.
Breaks Silence
"I break my self-imposed silence
now only because of the manifest
danger that we all may be drawing
nearer to a repetition of the grim
events which happened a quarter of a
century ago.
"The grave anxieties of the time in
which we live compels me to raise my
voice in expression of the universal
longing to be delivered from the fears
that beset us, and to return to normal
conditions."
Stating that "peace is a matter far
too vital for our happiness to be
treated as a political question" and
declaring that "in modern times the
victory will lie only with the powers
of evil," the Duke expressed his "pro-
found conviction that there is no
land whose people want war."
This is as true of the German na-
tion, he said, as of the British, Ameri-
can, or French.
Elliott Roosevelt Says
Bad To Split Texas
FORT WORTH, Tex., May 8.-(P)
-Elliottt Roosevelt said tonight
Texas needed leadership after the
tradition of its pioneer statesmen
and added that any subdivision of its
vast area into several states would

be of doubtful value.
In his semi-weekly radio broadcast,
the President's son recalled that the
treaty which annexed Texas to the
United States contained a provision
that the state might, at its own dis-
cretion, be divided into five separate
states.

Westbrook

To

Head

Publications Board Names Nine;

Allison

Chosen

JGP

airman

Van Winkle Is Assistant;
Hardy, Vedder Chosen
For Central Committee
Fisher And Krause
Receive Other Posts
Margary Allison, '4, has been ap-
ointed general chairman of the
runior Girls Play for 1940, it was an-
iounced yesterday by Betty Slee, '40.
hairman of Judiciary Council. An-
abel Van Winkle, '41, was named
assistant chairman, and Virginia Lee
Hardy, '41, is chairman of publicity.
Other members of the central com-
nittee are Ann Vedder, '41, ticket
hairman; Barbara Fischer, '41,
finance: Jane Krause, '41, program;
Ruth Fitzpatrick, '41, make-up; Vir-
inia Osgood, '41, dance; Jane Pink-
rton, '41, costumes; Betty Lombard,
41, ushers' committee; and Maya
Gruhzit, '41, properties.
Grace Helen Barton, '41, is assist-
ant costume chairman", and Betty
Hoag, '41, assistant dance chairman.
Helen Barnett, '41, is book-holder,
and Virginia Brereton, '41, is recorder.
Miss Allison, of Mosher Hall, has
been a member of the 'Ensian editor-
ial staff, the publicity committee of
Freshman Project, tickets committee
of Soph Cabaret, the candy-booth
committee and the ballroom commit-
tee of the League. Miss Van Winkle
is a member of Pi Beta Phi and has
been a Panhellenic delegate for two
years. She worked on the finance and
entertainment committees of Fresh-
man Project, the finance committee
of Soph Cabaret, and is a member of
he social committee of the League.
Miss Hardy is affiliated with Gai-'
ma Phi Beta and is on the business
staff of The Michigan Daily. She was
also a member .of the finance com-
mittees of Freshman Project and
Soph Cabaret, was an orientation
assistant adviser, and is on the social
committee of the League. Miss Ved-
der, a member of Sorosis, was a mem-
ber of the costume committee of
Freshman Project, the hostess com-
mittee for Soph Cabaret, and is a
(Continued on Page 5)
Weather Slows
RoyalVisitors
Britain's King And Queen
Retarded By Thick Fog
ABOARD THE EMPRESS OF
AUSTRALIA, May 8.-(Canadian
Press)-Thick fog which at times
blotted accompanying warships from
view today slowed the voyage of King
George VI and Queen Elizabeth to
Canada and the United States.
The heavy mist borne by southwest
winds forced the Empress of Aus-
tralia and the cruisers Glasgow
Southampton and Repulse into single-
file fog formation with this line
leading the procession. At 8 a.m.
M.M.T. (3 a.m., EST) the squadron
was 300 miles west of the Irish coast
Whistles and sirens of the four
ships sounded at frequent interval
to warn other shipping out of th
way.
Despite the gloomy weather th
seas were less turbulent than yester
day and the royal couple appeared t
be enjoying the trip thoroughly.
Smiling and apparently carefre
they stolled the deck on the lee side
The King wore a lounge suit an
the Queen a costume of cambridgi
blue woolen.
King George later returned to ht
cabin and studied details of hi
Canadian tour. His staff likewis
held a conference at which the tou
discussed.
Noted A.P. Reporter
Claims World War

A RemotePossibilit)
BOSTON, May 8.-(A5)-Nearini
the end of a 50,000-mile tour througi
many of the world's trouble spot,,
James A. Mills, a foreign correspon
dent for the Associated Press for 2
years, said today he felt there was n
immediate prospect of a general Eu
ropean or World War.
Although touching upon potentiali

Six Senior, Twelve Junior
Daily Editors Chosen;
Sports Staff Selected
Gargoyle Business
Staff IsAppointed
Appointment of eighteen junior
and senior editors of The Daily for
1940 and approval of nine nomina-
tions for the Board in Control of
Student Publications were announced
last night by the Board.
In addition to the positions of
managing editor, editorial director
and city editor of The Daily an-
nounced by the Board, Sunday, the
following were given senior editorial
staff positions:
Jack Canavan of Detroit, Dennis
Flanagan of Lahaska, Pa., Norman
Schoor of Brooklyn, N.Y., Morton
Linder of Buffalo, N.Y. and Ethel
Norberg of Detroit, Sylvia Moore of
Detroit was named exchange editor.
The nominations of the following
candidates for the Board were ap-
proved: Almon Conrath, '40E, Augus-
tus Dannemiller, '40, Raymond Fred-
ericks, '40, John Gelder, '40, Robert D.
Mitchell, '39, George Quick, Grad.,
Lawrence VandenBerg, '40 and Phil
Westbrook, '40. Three student mem-
bers of the board will be elected by-
the campus at large from the above
slate at a general election Friday,
May 19.
Those receiving junior positions on
The Daily editorial staff are: Robert
Bogle, of Grosse Pointe, Roy Buehler
of Detroit, Paul M. Chandler, of Sault
Ste. Marie, William Elmer of Birming-
ham, Howard Goldman of Chicago,
Hervie Haufler of Covington, Ky.,
Harry Kelsey of Grosse Pointe, Karl
Kessler of Ann Arbor, Laurie Mascott
of Lowell, Mass., Milton Orshefsky
of Elizabeth, N.J., Leonard Schleider
of New York City and Elizabeth Shaw
of Sault Ste. Marie.
Mel Fineberg, '40, sports editor,
announced last night that the fol-
lowing men would receive positions on
the junior sports staff: Lawrence Al-
len of Windsor, Ont., Herman Ep-
stein of Portland, Me., Maurice Ma-
zer of Brooklyn, N.Y., Donald
Wirtchafter of Cleveland Heights, O.,
Harold Mason Gould of Scarsdale,
N.Y., Arnold Dana of Brighton,
Mass., Norman Miller of Springfield,
Mass., and Christopher Vizas of
Highland Park.
Ann Vicary, '40, women's editor,
Sunday named the junior women's
night editors as follows: Mary H.
Davis, Maya D. Gruhzit, Norma Ka-
phan, Margaret L. Walsh, Esther J.
Osser, Clara E. Lenfestey, Helen E.
Brady, Doris J. Harvey and Elinor M.
Sevison.
Members of the Gargoyle junior
business staff were announced last
night by Stuart Robson, '40, business
r manager as follows: Ellen Rhea of
Holland, Mich., Bernard Bloom of
Brookline, Mass., Dorothy Nichols of
Waukegan, Ill., and Paul Johnson of
Grand Haven.

New Leaders

Tracy, Rhead, Hoover, Cox
And Rockwell Appointed
To Executive Offices
Two Scholarships
Given To Members

MARGARY ALLISON

Congress;

PHILIP WESTBROOK£
Franco Gives League
Formal Withdrawl Note,
BURGOS, Spain, May 8. --(Pk--
Formal notice of Spain's withdrawal
from the League of Nations was sent
to Geneva today by Foreign Minister
Count Francisco Gomez Jordana.
(Spain is the 16th nation to resign
from the League. The others are
Japan, Germany, Italy, Hungary, Al-
bania, Peru, Costa Rica, Paraguay,
Nicaragua, Guatemala, Brazil, Hon-
duras, San Salvador, Venezuela and'
Chile).
Scout Troops Hold Meet
All Scout troops in Washtenaw and
Livingston Counties have been fur-
nished entry blanks inviting mem-
bers of the troop to participate in the
inter-troop and inter-patrol aquatic
meet to be held at 1:30 p.m. Saturday
in the Intramural Building.

Philip F. Westbrook, '40, was named
resident of Congress, independent
rganization of campus men, and
)ouglas Tracy, '40E, and Jay Rock-
vell, '40, were selected as executive
ecretaries, in the annual appoint-
nent of officers announced yester-
lay.
The Executive Council also ap-
>ointed Roland Rhead, '40, as secre-
ary-treasurer; Jack Hoover, '40,
;hairman of the student welfare and
ctivities committee; Winston Cox,
42, social chairman; and William
lockwell, '41, bulletin editor.
Installed May 18
These officers will be officially in-
stalled at a banquet to be given in
the Union on Thursday, May 18, in
ionor of the men active in Congress.
At the same time Congress award-
;d $40 scholarships to Emerson Blair,
40E, and Robert McCamey, '40E. The
scholarships are given to independ-
nt men on a basis of need, scholar-
hip, and campus activities.
Selection of officers was made by
,he Judiciary Council, composed of
Dean Joseph A. Bursley, Prof. Bennet
A. Weaver, of the English depart-
nent, W. Lloyd Berridge, of the Uni-
rersity Hospital staff, and four out-
oing senior officers, Robert Hart-
Nell, '39E, Robert May, '39E, Marvin
Eeider, '39, and Edward Page, '39E.
Replaces. Hartwell
Westbrook wll replace Hartwell
as president. All of the nominees
automatically are placed on the Ex-
ecutive Council. Two other members
of this Council will be selected by
a campus vote next September.
Tickets for the installation banquet
are now on sale and may be obtained
at the Union or from officers of Con-
gress. Prof. Arthur S. ,Aton, of the
(Continued on Page 2)
Rome - Berlin
Axis, Is Ready
For Negotiation
Fascist Press Indicates
Dictators' Willingness
To Discuss Problems
ROME, May 8.-(IP)-The Fascist
press hinted today that Chancellor
Hitler and Premier Mussolini now
were prepared to negotiate Europe's
"open problems."
Virgino Gayda, authoritative editor
of Il Giornale d'Italia and often a
spokesman for the Foreign Office, in-
dicated the readiness of the Rome-
Berlin axis to negotiate was a result of
the projected pact of Milan, agreed
upon over the weekend between Ger-
man Foreign Minister Joachim von
Ribbentrop and Italian Foreign Min-
ister Count Galeazzo Ciano.
The new German-Italian military
and political alliance was pictured by
Gayda as a counterbalance to the
British-French front. Gayda hinted
that after achieving a balance by the
weight of their combined military,
economic and political resources, Ger-
many and Italy now were ready to ne-
gotiate.
How many of Europe's many issues
were considered "open problems"
were not enumerated by Gayda, but
he did suggest that they included
those of Danzig and Pomorze (the
PolishaCorridor) between Germany
and Poland, and Italy's claims
against France.
Italy's army chieftains met tonight
with Premier Mussolini to discuss
military matters in the light of the
agreement with Germany to sign a
formal military and political pact.
Those present included two heroes
of the Ethiopian war, Marshal'Pietro
Badoglio, chief of general staff of all
armed forces, and Marshal Rodolfo
Graziani; and General Alberto Pari-
ani, chief of staff of the army and

undersecretary of war; and 12 gen-
erals.

German And Italian Fascism
Attacked By Williams In Talk

Thirty-Five Fraternities Enrolled
In Annual Interfraternity Sing

By JAMES FRANKEL
With more than 35 fraternities al-
ready enrolled, tis year's annual In-
terfraternity Sing, scheduled for May
17, promises to be the biggest in the
history of the traditional event, ac-
cording to Bob Golden, '40, in charge
of publicity.
Because of the unusually large
number of fraternities competing in
this year's sing, the Interfraternity
Council plans on holding preliminary
contests from which 15 finalists will
be chosen.

Glee Club. In addition to receiving
a loving cup, the first place winner
will be featured with the Varsity
Band on Lantern Night, at the cor-
responding women's sing.
Twenty fraternities entered last
year's sing which was won by Beta
Theta Pi with their presentation of
"The Loving Cup." If the Betas win
again this year they may gain per-
manent possession of the trophy.
Other songs that were presented last
year were: "Within the Mystic Cir-
cle," Alpha Sigma Phi; "Sweetheart

By PAUL CHANDLER
Prof. Mentor L. Williams, of the1
English department, last night lashed
out against the ruthless fascism oft
Germany and Italy, attacked the
anti-democracy of Father Coughlin,
and praised American democracy, in1
a radio address delivered over station{
CKLW.3
"Democracy in America has come
to mean more than a form of govern-
ment; it has come to mean a way of
life, a philosophy of existence, the
core of which is the achievement of
the personal self," Professor Williams
declared.1
Here in the United States we do
not permit the state to bully us into
subordinate creatures to a creed of
racial and spiritual similarity, Pro-.
fessor Williams pointed out.
"In the United States the state is
our servant; we are its masters."
Quoting heavily from Adolph Hit-
ler's "Mein Kampf," and Benito Mus-
solini's, "The Doctrine of Fascism,"

"Where is there dignity in slavery?"
he questioned.
He directed part of his fire at cer-
tain fascist demagogues, in America,
and at Father Charles Coughlin.
"Father Coughlin is not alone in
the belief in the inadequacy of demo-
cratic individualism," Professor Wil-
liams continued. "Father Coughlin
is merely the symptom of the disease
called anti-democracy."
He blasted at the economic systems
of Germany and Italy. "It is true
that there is no unemployment in
Germany or Italy. Why? Because.
those countries manage their inter-
nal affairs better than we? No. Their
economy is based on ever-expanding
armaments, on withdrawal of women
from industry and trade, and on
forced labor."
"Does the editorial counsel for "So-
cial Justice' advocate this, the Nazi
way, the military way, of curing our
unemployment? He must, if he in-
sists on praising the economics of

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