THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, MAY 5} 1639
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Sumni -r Session.
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it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
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Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, A
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Managing Editor .
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City Editor .
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Associate Editor .
Associate Editor .
Book Editor. . .
Sports Editor . .
. Robert D. Mitchell
. Albert P. May10
* oraoe ' W. Gilmore
. Robert Z. Fitzhenry
. * S. R. Kleiman
* . Robert Perlman
. B ari oilman
. . William Elvin
. . Joseph Freedman
* . .Joseph CGlen
. . Bud Benjamin
Business Manager. . . . . Philip W. Buchen
Credit Manager . . . Leonard- P. Siegelman
Advertising Manager . . . William . NeWnan
Women's Business Manager . . Helen Jean Dean
Women's Servibe Manager . . . Marian A. Baxter
NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT D. MITCHELL
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Packs His Bags.
IlHIS MAJESTY'S Government asked
For months the English have been "consult-
ing" with Russia about anti-aggression pacts,
hesitating, making reservations, expressing
doubts. So Maxim Litvinoff has been replaced by
Vyacheslaff M. Molotoff.
There' are many explanations offered for this
crucial step. Some say it is a victory for Soviet
isolationists who have become exasperated with
English reluctance to join a definite positive pact
against aggression, and represents the first step
in abandoning Russia's policy of collective secur-
ity. Others think that Litvinoff is being held
responsible for not making sufficient headway
towards an alliance. One, Harold Denny, New
York Times correspondent in- Russia, maintains
that no change in Russian Foreign Policy is
contemplated, and that Litvinoff is retiring for
the reason given by the Soviet Foreign Office,
that he is a sick man.
We think that Russia has removed Litvinoff
to show that it means business about an anti-
aggression pact and that unless England shows
'its sincerity and honesty by signing a pact which
will pledge it to fight if any more aggression
occurs in Europe, Russia will retire unto itself
and Europe can go light straight to hell.
In other words, Russia has replaced a strong
worker for collective security with an isolation-
ist with the intention of scaring England into
forming an' anti-aggression pact which will be
just that-that is, if, Englarid is really sincere
in wanting to stop Hitler. If she. isn't, then. the
next few days will tell, and Russia can turn to
,more lucrative tasks than trying to save an Eng-
lish lion in spite of itself.
Already some B~ritish Conservatives are taking
this last step of Russia as further evidence that
the U.S..R. can't be relied upon, and Ferdinand
Kuhn, Jr., writes from London in the New York
Times that talk of appeasement has been revived
in Britain's capital.- Indeed,- dear, sweet Cham-
berlain is reported to have told the House of
Commons that he was ready to exchange non-
aggression pledges with Germany. Indeed, this
statement was made before the announcement
of Litvinoff's retirement, and it probably is the
spark which set the Soviet temper ablaze, and
For consider what has happened since Czecho-
Slovakia was incorporated into the Reich. The
days before the actual invasion of the Czech
state saw England, as Kuhn wrote in the Times.
the day before, "resolutely looking the other
way" and that Chamberlain's "confidence has
not been shaken and that the sudden develop-
ments in Slovakia are regarded as an annoy-
ance rather than as a source of worry."
The day of the invasion, March 15, saw Cham-
berlain explaining that England was not con-
cerned about Czecho-Slovakia's integrity and
had no commnitments, despite the fact that at
Munich he had given guarantees for the Czech
state. A few hours later the Birmingham Tory
was piping a different tune, a tune which an
exasperated English public opinion was setting.
The General Elections are less than six months'
start consulting immediately to decide whether
the present state of Europe "is not such that they
might start talks athonce to prevent further
aggression." And so the story goes. A Times dis-
patch dated the 21, stated, "It is generally agreed
here that Britain is not ready to give any irre-
vocable commitments or take part in an alli-
ance sworn to, fight Germany if she moves an-
May 2, a dispatch which might have been
written before Munich or any day since, a dis-
patch which shows that despite all the discus-
sions, conferences, pledges, and conscription,
England was no further than it was March 21
in wanting an alliance with Russia, reads as
"The British still contend that this (the four
power declaration) is preferable to an alliance
because, despite the Nazi Menace, all countries
concerned are still suspicious of Russia. The
British also believe that if war is averted for a
time there is a good chance that General Fran-
cisco Franco may keep Spain neutral, and they
do not want to offend him by alliances with
Sic transit and so forth . . .
#OT[S AIW4 0l0 IIOI'
HE imminence of campus appointments, which
turn the meek and unimpressive into overnight
BMOC's, recalls to mind one of the year's most
amusing stories of nepotism. Though apocryphal
it is not infrequently true of many actual cases
of selection. At any rate, three prospects for a
vacant position were ushered into the industrial
titan's office. The Big Boss sat behind his im-
posing desk with Napoleonic dignity, while on
either side of him sat an assistant.
"How much is 3 x 3?" the boss asked the first
prospect. "Nine," came the instant reply. "Ac-
curate," conceded the inquisitor, "but lacking in
vision, viewpoint and imagination. Wait outside."
The second applicant stepped forward, heard
the same question repeated, and replied, "Thirty-
three." The inuisitor pondered a moment, then
observed, "No so accurate, but reveals broader
outlook and novel conception. Wait outside."
Came the third prospect to hear the query and
answer, "Sixty-five." "Terribly inaccurate,"
commented the inquisitor, "but showing great
originality and scope. Wait outside."
"Now gentlemen," said the boss, turning to
his two assistants, "which of those men would
The first assistant recommended the prospect
who answered, "Nine," for his accuracy, but the
boss quickly vetoed the choice. "I would employ
the man who said 'sixty-five'," offered the sec-
ond assistant, "because he's not afraid to take
chances." "Wrong again," returned the boss.
"I'm going to hire. the man who said 'thirty-
"But why?" asked his aides in unison.
"Because," said the boss, "he's my wife's
S INCE a hot day at Arlington Park last July,
when we ventured to flaunt the great Sea-
biscuit's reputation with two bobs on a sleek op-
ponent named Melodist, we have felt a divine
guidance in the matter of picking horse races.
Down a sawbuck for betting on two selling platers
which were later carted off to a glue plant in
North Chicago, we needed a sure thing in the
seventh-and Seabiscuit was on the card, the
big bay fresh from his thundering victory over
War Admiral. But only the cautious and con-
servative cling to the cinches. Besides, the odds
on the 'Biscuit were close and hardly the nag for
a colossal two-buck coup. Scanning the program,
we noted the inviting, alluring name of "Melo-
dist," paired in an entry with some horse whose
name we neglected to catalogue at the time. So
the deuce went on the Melodist's nose.
Melodist was reported to the lost and found
department, but the entry mate, which turned
out to be War Minstrel, edged out Seabiscuit to
return about $3.60. The money meant little, for
it had suddenly dawned that the gods were on
our team. Of course, we lost our wad in the
eighth, but that was because we carelessly markedj
our program, and our boy placed the dough on
the wrong horse.
All of which leads us to our choice in the
Kentucky Derby. Mix it with a mint julep and
shake well. Challedeon going away . .
* * *
HORACE Weldon Gilmore had his naivete imn
posed upon the other evening. Gilmore, who
handles the publicity for the Michigras, thought
he had an item which would make up for the ill-
fated San Francisco Fair injunction. It was a
cryptic letter which came in the mail from a
gentleman claiming to be President of a Ger-
man Union. And it contained a fervid protest
over the anti-Hitler booths at Michigras, de-
claring they dishonored Der Fuehrer and must
Gilmore was intent upon printing the story,
and was planning a conference with Presi-
dent Ruthven to see -what should be done
about the objectionable booths - until Pat
Conger, member of the Detroit Bureau of The
United Press who lives in Ann Arbor, collaborat-
ed with a Daily man in discovering that the let-
ter was written, by a Sigma Phi-and, oddly
enough, the Sigma Phi booth was the "objection-
able" one which would have been publicized. The
story and Gilmore's hopes died aborning.
"The fortunes of other educational facilities
max rise andalland cf n1Pnhzm-.ol,.hro
By K. CONRAD AUGUST
Alexander M. Valerio
To those of us who know Professor Valerio as
a friend and teacher, one who is always an in-
terested if critical spectator of our own efforts,1
it is a pleasure to reciprocate by being spectators
in turn. To those who have only heard of him I
wish to say that a more sincere and inspiring
master has yet to be found. During the years
that he has been with the University, his stu-
dents have never failed to reflect in their own
terms his zest and vitality.
Deeply imbedded in his teaching has always
been cry for free rhythm of line and spontaneity
of expression. His watercolors prove that he .
believes in his own doctrines. He studies his
subject carefully before touching brush to paper,
then applies each stroke with uncanny sureness,
rarely going over the same area twice. The white
of the paper showing through between his
strokes lends his painting its characteristic bril-
liancy. Underneath his texture of color runs the
rhythm of his line, linking each separate bit of his
composition with another to establish a com-
pletely unified rhythm, whereby an imaginary
line, sometimes within the picture, sometimes
looping outside the frame to come back grace-
fully joining another section, weaves a composi-
As subjects for his watercolors Mr. Vlerio
has chosen scenes from the southwest, and the
waterfront of New Orleans. His shots of people
working with ships, toiling on the docks, or rest-
ing in the shade are splendidly done. These he
achieves with an extreme economy of strokes, yet.
so forcefully that their intentions are always
well defined; even on so reduced a scale his
knowledge of anatomy is unmistakable. The
bright sunlight in his 'landscapes provides an
opportunity for bits of pure color, wonderful con-
trasts of darks and lights, and the rich, warm
shadows that he seems to like so well.
Best liked was his composition of men loading
a boat in a bluish haze, previously shown at the
Ann Arbor artists' exhibit last fall, and a com-
position of a shack on posts.
* * *
Three Mexican Painters
Diego Rivera needs no introduction, certainly.
So much has been said and written about his
mural painting that I can add but little of signi-
ficance. His large oils are just as inspiring as
his murals. He paints his canvas with such ap-
parent ease and so directly that one can hardly
imagine its being any different than it is. Fore-
most in his work is its decorative quality. Not
once does it let the eye get inside the picture, but
keeps it always within the beautifully imagina-
tive surface patterns. It is this quality that makes
him so successful in his mural painting.
In contrast to the robust, red-blooded Rivera
are the morbid paintings of Jose Orozo, whose
interest seems to be in brutal violence and in-
tense suffering. Death and destruction in the
form of coffins, people in pasty grayish tones,
and struggling monsters with misshapen bodies
and muscles stretched to the breaking point are
his favorite topics of pictorial cnversation
David Siqueros has but one painting, rendered
almost entirely in a depressing black and white
with touches of yellow, sepia and red. Like Riv-
era's his is extremely and beautifully decorative.
By JOSEPH BERNSTEN
Last evening a program of dances was present-
ed by the Department of Physical Education for
Women and Play Production of the Department
of Speech. The program commemorated the
tenth anniversary of the opening of the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. And quite appropriately,
for on May 4th, 1929 the Theatre was opened
by Orchesis, the Women's Dance Organization.
The scope of the program was indicated by the
range of dances from the traditional ballet to
the most modern dance-form, with music from.
Bach to Gershwin. We liked it.
Especially did we like Joseph Gornbein's
Masque: he revitalized the trite Pagliacci theme
by a striking modern interpretation, which well
deserved the only curtain call of the evening.
Gigue in Counterpoint, spiritedly danced by
Beatrice Lovejoy and the Wolfson twins, effec-
tively communicated its contrapuntal theme. The
high point- of the evening for us was the dance,
Chorales, composed to music by Bach, and
executed by Mary May Scoville and Bernice and
Rosebud Wolfson. It impressed the audience with
its cloistered, ritualistic quality; delicately beau-
tiful was the Madonna-like grace of Mary Sco-
ville. Contrasted with her fairness, her dark-
haired partners gave the dance a classic formal
balance. The sparkling, vigorous Polka, from.
Smetana's Bartered Bride was a grand finale to
Miss Bloomer, to whom much credit for the
evening's entertainment must be given, showed
excellent technique in the brief glimpse of her
afforded by Jubilation and Waltz. Jeanne'Burt
shared the interest of Circus with the dancing
camel, whose end man (ie., the camel's) was
Play Production's clown Speed, James Moll. Mr.
Windt's capable direction was apparent. The
functionally appropriate and highly original
costumes contributed to the pleasure felt in the
This dance recital shows the desirability of
at least an annual dance festival Tt might he
-by David Lawrence -
WASHINGTON, May 4.-Reorgani-
zation of the Federal Government,
whether for economy or efficiency or
both, has begun. Presidents in the
past have urged it, and Congresses
have opposed. The political power
and influence of the jobholders have
heretofore been principal factors in
blocking the best-laid of reorganiza-
The new method-delegating power
to reorganize the bureaus and agen-
cies to the President and leaving it
to Congress to reject all or none of
the plan-is a significant change and
may or may not turn out to be the
most practical,'though most members
of Congress are willing to give it a
trial and see how the experiment
What has just happened is that one
house of Congress-the lower house-
virtually put the President's first re-
organization proposal into effect. The
Senate has nothing to say: The law
which was recently passed by both
houses and signed by the President
had in it a, provision requiring the
President to submit his detailed re-
organization plans, but it was stipu-
lated that, for the Executive's recom-
mendation to be rejected, a concur-
rent resolution of both houses of
Congress was necessary.
Thus, when the House of Repre-
sentatives rejected the motion which
had for its pirpose a disapproval of
the President's plan, the effect was
to give the executive clear sailing.
This novel way of getting legislation
enacted has been urged before, but in
plans which called for affirmative* ap-
proval by Congress before any re-
organization could be effective. Con-
gress, indeed, gave away its joint
veto power and turned it over to one
However this may be, the effec-
tiveness of the process will be tested
by the merit of the reorganization
scheme, itself, which has been worked
out by experts in public administra-
tion and is as non-political as it is
humanly possible for a plan to be
which affects government. This is not
to say that political pressure did not
occur. Thus, for instance, the ex-
planation as to why the department
of agriculture retained control over
certain lending functions, whereas
other lending bureaus were, trans-
ferred from their original jurisdic-
tions to a central agency, is not clear.
But, on the whole, the plan is de-
signed to bring efficiency into gov-
ernment, and if the appointments to
the three major offices should be po-
litical in nature, this would clearly
not be the responsibility of the ex-
perts who formulated the plan. The
whole idea of administrative effi-
ciency can be defeated if there should
be appointed to the top positions the
type of politically-minded official
who could conceivably misuse the vast
power given him by the reorganiza-
tion plan. If sentiment in Congress
should disapprove of the way the
President carries out the plan, it is
always -possible for a movement to
arise through which the whole reor-
ganization statute might be repealed,
though here a two-thirds vote of both
houses will be needed to overcome a
For all intents and purposes, there-
fore, Congressional power has been
delegated to the Chief Executive to
reorganize the national government,
and the precedent will be an impor-
tant one in future history.
The grouping of bureaus and de-
partments and boards under the Fed-
eral Security Agency carries out a
principle long advocated by those
who wanted to see a cabinet office
created and a department of public
welfare established. . The new job
will carry with it as much, if not more
responsibility than such a new Cab-
inet secretary would have had.
As for the Federal Works Agency,
this too has heretofore been ad-
vocated, so that a grouping 'of all
government offices concerned with
construction and public works wouk
The establishment of a Federal
Loan Agency, with such institution
as the Reconstruction Finance Cor-
poration, the Federal Home Loar
Bank board, the Federal Housing ad.
ministration and the Export-Imporl
Bank, as well as the Electric Farns
and Home Authority, is a move whic
would have been more understand.
able if there had been included suel
agencies as the Farm Credit Adminis
tration, the Federal Farm Mortgag
Corporation and the Commodit
Credit Corporation, all of which lasi
three have been transferred to th(
Agricultural Department. The func.
tion of lending is the same whethe
for farmers or urban dwellers, and th
idea back of the establishment of
single loan agency was to make uni,
(Continued from Page 2)
fessor Richard U. Ratcliff, 208 Tap-
Interviews for students who have1
applied for admission to the Degree
Program for Honors in Liberal Artst
will be held on Friday, Saturday and
Monday, May 5, 6 and 8. Please
make appointments in 1204 Angell
Unidentifiable mail is being held in
Room 1, University Hall, for the fol-
Dr. Homer Adkins
E. B. Blakely.
Ann Catherine Harris 3
Prof. E. Washburn Hopkins
Dr. Charles E. Kossmann
Joel Wild or Weld'
Biological Chemistry Seminar: Sat-
urday, May 6, 8-10 a.m., Room 319
West Medical - Bldg. "Some Phos-
pholipid Problems" will be discussed.
All interested are invited.
Final Doctoral Examination of Miss
Hilda Thankful Harpster will be
held on Friday, May 5 at 1:30 p.m. in
Room 3089 Natural Science Bldg.
Miss Harpster's field of specializa-
tion is Zoology. The title of her the-
sis is "An Investigation of the Gas-
eous Plastron as a Respiratory Me-
chanism in Certain Adult Aquatic
Prof. P. S. Welch, as chairman of
the committee, will conduct the ex-
amination. By direction of the Ex-
ecutive Board, the chairman has the
privilege of inviting members of the
faculty and advanced doctoral can-'
didates to attehd the examination'
and to grant permission to others who
might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the University.
Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President until 3:30 P.M.;
11:00 A.M. on Saturday.
Exhibition of Six Paintings by
Three Mexican Artists--Rivera, Or-
ozco, and Siqueiros-and Water colors
by Alexander Mastro Valerio, under
the auspices of the Ann Arbor Art
Association Alumni Memorial, Hall,
North and South Galleries; After-
noons from 2 to 5 until May 13.
Exhibition, College of Architecture:
An exhibition of pottery, sculpture,
and other work in ceramics by lead-
ing Michigan artists in that field is
being shown in the ground floor cases,
Architectural Building, through May
13. Open daily, 9 to 5, except Sun-
day. The public is invited.
University Lecture: Dr. Wilhelm
Credner, Professor of Geography in
the Techinsche Hochschule, Munich,
and Carl Schurz, Professor of Geog-
raphy at the University of Wiscon-
sin, will give an illustrated lecture on
"The Evolution of the Cultural Land-
scape in Germany" at 4:15 p.m., Tues-
day, May 16, in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre under the auspices of the De-
partment of Geography. The public
is. cordially invited.
Alexander Zlwet Lectures in Mathe-
mnatics. The second leture in the se-
ries being given by Professor John V.
Neumann of the Institute for Ad-
vanced Study, Princeton, on the
topic, "Theory of Measure in Groups,"
will be given today at 4:15 p.m., in
Room 3011 Angell Hall.
Biological Chemistry Lecture: Sat-
urday, May 13, 10:30 a.m., East Lee-
ture Room (Mezzanine Floor), Hor-
ace H. Rackham School of Graduate
Studies. Dr. Eliot F. Beach of the
Children's Fund of Michigan will lec-
ture to the students of biological
chemistry and to all others interest-
ed on "Studies in the Chemical Com-
position of Proteins with Especial
Reference to the Hemolytic Residues
Dr. Murray B. Emeneau will deliver
a lecture today on the "Religions of
India Today," as follows:
"The Cults of Vishnu-Krishna and
Shiva," today at 4:15 p.m., Natural
Science Auditorium, Lecture.
Dr. Russell M. Wilder, Professor of
Medicine at the University of MinIe-
sota, will give a talk in the Hospital
Amphitheatre, on Saturday morning,
May 6, at 11 o'clock. All Junior and
Senior medical students will be ex-
cused from classes in time to attend
this discussion. Members of the Staff
and Internes at University Hospita
are cordially invited.
Men's Glee Club will meet tonight
at 7:30 sharp. Sing for Interscho-
lastic Press banquet at 7:35. Turn
all music in and all bills.
Varsity Glee Clubs wlil meet to-
night at 7:20 in the Union.
The Extension Service of the Uni-
versity of Michigan has arranged a
showing of new educational films in
the Lecture Hall of the Rackham
'Building on Saturday, May 6. The
Faculty and students are invited to
9 a.m. Children's Films. An Air-
plane (Erpi). Three Little Kittens
(Erpi). Navajo Children (Erpi).
- 9:45 a.m. Education. Bring the
World to the Classroom (Erpi).
French U (Gaumont British). Pro-
gressive Education (March of Time).
10:45 a.m. Health. Cancer, Its Cure
and Prevention (March of Time).
Moving X-Rays (UFA). Heart Dis-
ease (March of Time).
11:30 a.m. Sound Film Strip.
12:15 p.m. Luncheon.
Michigan League. 75c. Reservations
should be in the Extension Office by
Friday, May 5.
Speaker: Dr. Edgar Dale, Ohio
State University, Columbus, Ohio.
1:45 p.m. Literature and Art. Cover
to Cover (Strand). From Clay to
Bronze (Harvard). Shakespeare (Gau-
3 p.m. Natural and Physical Sci-
ence. The Amoeba (Gaumont Brit-
ish). The Ant City (UFA). Liquid
Air (UFA). Fuels and Heat (Erpi).
The Water Cycle (Eastman).
4:15 p.m. - Social Science. Juvenile
Delinquency (March of Time). A
Backward Civilization (Erpi). This
Was England (Gaumont British).
5:15 p.m. Sports. Dashes, Hurdles,
and Relays (Erpi). Glenn Cunning-
ham (University of Kansas). Flip
Flops (tumbling) (Western Reserve).
Ann Arbor Independents: Rehear-
sals for Lantern Night will begi
Monday, May 8, and will continue
each night next week, from 4 to 5
at the League. It is important that
you be there Monday or Tuesday.
Congregational Student Fellowship:
All persons wishing to go to the
Olivet conference of the Intercol-
legiate Fellowship will meet at Pil-
grim Hall on Saturday, May 6, at
7:45 a.m. Any member who is in-
terested in the work as well as the
fun is urged to come along. Trans-
portation will be provided at a small
The University Choir will have its
regular rehearsal at Lane Hall Sat-
urday evening, May 6, from 7 to 8
German Table for Faculty Mem-
bers: - The regular luncheon meeting
will be held Monday, May 8, at 12:10
p.m. in the Founders' Room of the
Michigan Union. All faculty mem-
bers interested in speaking German
are cordially invited. There will be
a brief informal talk by Professor
E. A. Philippson on, "Rassenkunde
und germanische Religiongeschichte."
The fGraduate Record Club will
meet Saturday, May 6, at 3 p.m. in
the West Conference Room of the
Rackham Building. Records of the
orchestral works to be played on the
May Festival programs will be heard
f at that time. Both graduates and
1 undergraduates are welcome.
Monday Evening Dramatic C0b:
Faculty Women's Club: The annual
spring dinner meeting for the group
t will be held at the Michigan Union
- on Monday, May 8, at 6:15 p.m. Res-
ervations may be made by calling the
Union before Saturday, May 6.
Michigan Dames Officers: Retir-
ing officers should type list of duties
on four by six inch cards and bring
"Mortality Investigations" today at
3 o'clock in Room 3011 Angell Hall.
Tau Beta Pi: All members who are
planning to attend the Spring For-
mal tonight, are requested to
sign up on the bulletin board outside
the M.E. office immediately.
Special Trip to Loan Exhibition of
Chinese Arts, Detroit Institute of
Arts, today. The bus leaves Michi-
gan Union 6:25 p.m.; on return leaves
Institute of Arts 10:30 p.m. $1.25
round trip. Make early reservations
hrough Prof. Plumer or at Anthro-
pology Office, 4011 Museums Bldg. No
reservations by phone.
Graduate Students: Tickets for the
Graduate Spring Formal. dance to be
held on Saturday, May 20, will go on
sale at the Information Desk in the
Rackham Building at 1:30 p.m. today.
Westminster Guild will have a
weinie roast at the Island tonight in-
stead of the bicycle hike Saturday.
Meet at the church at 8:30. In case
of rain there will be a special Open
Hillel Foundation will have services
tonight at 8 p.m. Dr. Isaac Rabino-
witz will speak on "Philosophies of