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April 21, 1939 - Image 1

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1939-04-21

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Weather
Rain today, somewhat cooler in
west portion tomorrow.

Y

Lit ian

i~atli

Editorial
Something
TO Think About ..
Balkan
Democracy

r

VOL. XLIX. No. 142

Z-323

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, APRIL 21, 1939

PRICE FIVE CENTS

__________________________________

wwmw

im

800 Attend Peace
Talks As Mussolini
Spurns F.D.R. Plea

i r

Sanctions Against Fascist
Aggressors Urged Here
By Lockwood And White
Isolationists Hit
'Imperialist' Bloc
More than 800 students and faculty
members heard divergent plans for
American foreign policy in the face
of the world fascist menace yester-
day as the All-Campus Peace Com-
mittee and the Michigan Anti-War
Committee, unable to agree on a
common front, put forth their pro-
grams at different times from dif-
ferent locations.
Assistance to the democratic na-
tions which stand in the path of fas-
cism's advance is imperative if
American peace and democracy are
to be retained, Rev. Horace White of
the Plymouth Congregational Church
and Charles E. Lockwood, Democratic
candidate for Regent in the recent
election, told a gathering of 600 on
the steps of the main library yester-
day afternoon. The meeting was
sponsored by the All-Campus Peace
Committee.
"As students and people responsible
for forming thought in the world,
there are certain things we must be
conscious of," Rev. White declared.
"There are those who say we have no
responsibility to maintain democ-
racy abroad, and that President
Roosevelt had no business to send
his note to Hitler and Mussolini last
week. I think these people are the
same ones who do not want to keep
democracy in America. I don't be-
lieve American democracy can be
maintained in a vacuum."
Rev. White asserted that the gov-
erning cliques of Nazi Germany and
Fascist Italy have consciously pur-
sued a policy of building up a bloc
of fascist nations in the world. He
pointed to the systematic conquest
of the weaker democratic countries
one after another by Germany, Italy
and Japan in europe, Africa and
Asia and the steady growth of the
powei' of the Rome-Berlin-Tokio axis.
In response to the threat to the
Unitied States contained in these
developments and in fascist penetra-
tion of South .America, Rev. White
urged cooperation with those na-
tions "who think as we do." He ad-
vocated the application of economic
sanctions against the fascist nations,
and the extension of credit and ma-
terial aid to the democracies.
Mr. Lockwood discussed the peace
(Continued on Page 6)
Barry To Face
Buckeyes' Ace
In First Test
Michigan Hurler Competes
With OSU's Dagenhard
In Game At Columbus
By HERB LEV
COLUMBUS, Ohio, April 20 (Spe-
.cial to The Daily)-Michigan's base-
ball hopes, brightest since the gala
days of 1936 when Berger Larson,
Steve Uricek and Co. led the Wolver-
ines to an undisputed Big Ten cham-
pionship, meet their first big test
here tomorrow when the Varsity
faces Ohio State in the opener of
a two game series.
Coaches Ray Fisher of Michigan
and Fritz Mackey of Ohio were each
banking on the aces of their respec-
tive staffs for the mound chores in
the Conference inaugural for both
teams. For the Wolverines it wiil
be slender Jack Barry, the soft-spok-
en junior who has advanced from
the relief role he held last season t
the top of the staff by virtue of his

fine showing on the southern train-
ing trip. Hiis opponent will be big
Johnny Dagenhard, for the past two
years one of the leading hurlers of
the Conference.
Same Michigan Lineup
The Wolverine lineup will be the
same as the one which played through
most of the spring trip. Leo Beebe
will do the catching, hard-hitting
Elmer Gedeon will be on first and
Pete Lisagor, Capt. Walt Peckin-
paugh and Mike Sofiak at second,
short, and third respectively. The
_ ..0 -. . .... : _ ... _ _ ~ - .

Rejects Peace Plea

Suit Brought
By Miehigras
Against Rival
Plan Injunction To Force
California's Exposition
To Restriin Operations
Charge Exposition
Copies Carnival
The executive committee of the
1939 Michigras filed suit yesterday
to obtain an injunction against the
Golden Gate International Exposi-
tion for "unfair competition," it was
revealed yesterday by Donald Bel-
dne, '39E, general chairman of the
committee.
The brief of the suit filed by the
committee charged that the San
Francisco fair, operating simultane-
ously with the local carnival, would
cause irreparable damage to the
trade of the Michigras, stating that
if the Exposition continued opera-
tion during that period, it "would
lead many established and prospec-
tive patrons of the Michigras to be
deceived and/or confused and mis-
led by the staging of a similar fair
coterminously with the Michigras,
thereby causing the plaintiff to suffer
irreparable loss to its good will and
established business."
An injunction will also be sought
against the Golden Gate Exposition
to compel the fair "to cease and de-
sist publishing any statements or in-
formation which would tend to mis-
lead the general public into believ-
ing that the Exposition is in any way
connected with the Michigras."
The brief charged further that the
Exposition was "obviously similar in
its appeal to the general public, and
is copied after the Michigras."
" The financial success of the carni-
val, proven in past years, would be
jeopardized if the Exposition were not
restrained from operation, the com-
mittee stated. The committee seeks
an order. enjoining the San Francisco
fair from being conducted on May 5
and 6
Gilbert Wins Scholarship
William J. Gilbert, Grad., has been
offered a scholarship at Woodshole
College, Cape Code, Mass., for the,
sunimer session. Gilbert is an assist-
ant instructor in the department of
botany.{

Debaters Seek
Big Ten Title
At Evanston
Five varsity ien debaters left yes-
terday for Northwestern University
where they will defend the Big Ten
championship title which they have
held for the last two years. Making
the trip were Louis Poplinger, '39,
William Muehl, '41, Sidney David-
son, '40, Jack Shuler, '40, and Robert
Rosa, '39, who werehaccompanied by
Arthur Secord, coach.
Each team will meet four opposing
teams on the question, "Resolved,
That the United States Should Cease
To Use Government Funds (Includ-
ing Credit) For the Stimulation of
Business." Davidson and either Pop-
linger of Muehl will constitute the
affirmative squad and will meet teams
from Northwestern, Wisconsin, Chi-
cago, and Illinois. The negative
team of Rosa and Shuler will debate
Ohio State, Purdue, Minnesota, and
Iowa. Two rounds will be held this
afternoon and the final two will take
place tomorrow morning.
In last year's Big Ten Conference
meet, Oliver Crager, '39, and Shuler,
'40, defeated four schools and Rosa,
'39, and Harry Schniderman who
graduated last year and is now at
the Harvard Law School won three
out of four contests.
Lindbergh Advises,
U.. Plane Boost
WASHINGTON, April 20.-(IP)-
Colonel Charles A. Lindbergh .ad-
vised army, navy and civilian aero-
nautic officials today that, the Unit-
ed States should use every effort to
clinch world leadership in plane de-
velopment.
Reporting to the National Advisory
Committee for Aeronautics on strides
made by Germany and other nations,
the flier was said by officials to have
advised more emphasis on research
in the United States.
Lindbergh attended the session of
the NACA Executive Comnittee, of
which he is a member, after a 25-
minute talk at the White House with
President Roosevelt.'
Some of his hearers quoted him as

To

View

or t(

+M

Spring Parley (
Session; 500 Are

?pens 8th
Expected
T oday

A'
'A

Senators

Shelve

Parley Leader

'Baby Dies' Bill
LANSING, April 20. B-')- The
Senate shelved the Baldwin Bill,
which would create a "little Dies com-
mittee" of state investigating author-
ities to sift so-called seditious activi-
ties, today.
Detroiti Senators insisted that the
measure be returned to committee}
long enough, at least, to permit repre-
sentatives of the Civil Rights Fed-
eration to receive a hearing. Sen.
Charles C. Diggs, Democrat, Detroit,
said 17,000 protested the bill in a
mass meeting sponsored by the Fed-
eration in Detroit recently.
The Senate adopted a resolution
fixing May 11 as the legislature's ad-
journment date. The measure went
to the House, where it was expected
to remain in committee until calen-
dars are sufficently clear to make a
more definite prediction of the time
it will take to dispose of a mass of
unfinished legislation possible.

BENITO MUSSOLINI
Germany Displays Might
With Military Parade
On Fuehrer's Birthday
ROME, April 20. -(P)- Premier
Benito Mussolini today cited plans
for a world exposition in, Rome in
1942 as proof that Italy expected at
least three years of peace, but de-
clared that President Roosevelt's pro-
posal .for ten-year nonaggression
guarantees was absurd.
"If we were cherishing obscure ag-
gressive designs, we would not be
dedicating ourselves . . . to work of
such vast proportions," Il Duce told
directors .of the exposition assembled
to report on their progress.
Mussolini used one sentence to pose
the uncertainty of a reply to Presi-
dent Roosevelt's appeal of last Sat-
urday and to emphasize the policy of
the Rome-Berlin axis as one of peace.
Berlin Sees Record
Military Show
BERLIN, April 20. -(})- Reichs-
fuehrer Adolf Hitler, in a display of
armed might obviously intended to
impress a nervous world with the
vastness of Nazi preparedness, cele-
brated his fiftieth birthday today
with the greatest military parade
in Berlin's history.. ,
For four and one-half hours the
clatter of grim engines of destruction
the tramp of 40,000 soldiers and the
roar of squadrons of warplanes dinned
into the ears of several hundred
thousand spectators.
Enthusiastic Nazis said. that the
throngs that lined. the three-mile
route along the "Avenue of Splendor",
Berlin's new boulevard from the old
Imperial Castle, to the Technology
School, exceeded 1,000,000.
Diplomats Report
Nazi Poll Of Nations
PARIS, April 20.-UP-Diplomatic
sources tonight reported that Ger-
many, preparing a reply to President
Roosevelt's nonaggression appeal, had
asked several of the 31 nations men-
tioned in his message whether they
considered themselves menaced by
Germany.
Diplomatic sources pointed out that
(Continued on Page 6)
Schoolmasters
To Meet Here

RALPH ERLEWINE

Ford Charges Budget Deficit
State's Most Pressing Problem

saying it was vital that the United
States develop superior types of mili-
tary and civil aircraft. The tenor of
his remarks was that quality was
more essential at present than quan-
tity.

Reduction of Michigan's rapidly in-
creasing deficit and the balancing of
the budget constitute the most press-
ing problems in state finance today,
Prof. Robert S. Ford, director of the
Bureau of Government, declared in a
pamphlet, "Financing Michigan's
Government," issued by the Bureau
this week.
Actual costs of state government
have increased only nine per cent,
Professor Ford revealed, but state
grants to local government units in
the form of state aid or shared taxes
have increased by 58 million dollars,
or 178 per cent.
In 1938 the actual costs of state
government amounted to 83 millions,
while the amount returned to local
units was 91 millions. "Thus the
state," Professor Ford writes, "is now
contributing more to the financing
of local government than is actually
spent for state government."
Since such new taxes as the sales
tax and liquor revenues have not aug-
mented the state's income sufficient-
ly to meet the drain of tax money
to local units, the state deficit will
probably amount to about 25 million
dollars by the close of the present
fiscal year on June 30, he predicted.
"It is clear that if the deficit is
to be reduced," Professor Ford ex-
plained "a choice must be made be-
tween curtailed appropriations and
increased taxes." The major por-
tion of the increase in the cost of
government since 1930 has been due

.i

-- i

4
f
C
7
1
4
J

Sta te Supreme Court Justices
Jude Case Club Final Today

o the increase in expenditures by
he state for relief administration,
>articipation in the federal social
ecurity program, and in state grants
o local units for education, high-
vays, welfare and relief. Professor
'ord believes that little can be ac-
mplished by an economy program
'hich ignores these items.
Any material reduction will have
,o be confined to education and
velfare, he stated, because highway
expenditures are protected by the
onstitutional amendment prohibit -
ng expenditure of proceeds of the
weight and gas taxes for any pur-
ose other than highways. Nor can
ubstantial savings be gained from
overnment payroll cuts.
[lousing Group
[lears McCallum
AddressToday
Senator Opens Conference
On 'Old House' Problem;
Will Probe State Taxes
An address by State Senator George
?. McCallum on "The Tax Situation
n Michigan" will highlight the edu-
rational conference on "Problems of
he Old House," being sponsored to-
[ay in the Union by School of Busi-
ess Administration and the Michi-
gan Real Estate Association. Senator
McCallum, a member of the Gover-
nor's Tax Study Commission, will
peak at a banquet at 6 p.m. in the
Union.
Regent David H. Crowley will de-
iver an address of welcome to mem-
bers of the conference at a luncheon
at noon in the Union to which Arthur
P. Bassett, president of the Michigan
Real Estate Association, will respond
The conference will be divided into
a morning and afternoon session, with
Judson Bradway, president of the
Judson Bradway Real Estate Co. o
Detroit, leading the discussion a
each session. Interested student
have been especially invited to at
tend all discussion meetings which
will be held in the Union.
The morning session, opening a
10:15 a.m., will consider "The Com
petition of Rental Housing," wit
opening comments by Dr. J. Biol
Philipson, chief market analyst a
the Federal Housing Administratio.
in Chicago; and "The Threat of Tech
nological Progress in Construction,
with comments by Dean Wells I. Ben-
nett of the architecture college. .
The afternoon session, beginnin
at 2 p.m., will consider three genera
problems related to the old house

Three Faculty Members
To Give Conservative,
Liberal,_Radical Views
Chairman Erlewine
To Keynote Session
The ninth annual Spring Parley
will convene at 3:30 p.m. today in
the North Lounge of the Union when
an expected attendance of over 500
and a panel of 16 students and 38
faculty members will meet for the
opening session of the three-day dis-
cussion of "The Student Looks at the
Forties."
Ralph Erlewine, '39, general chair-
man, will formally open the Parley
and outline its objiectives, while Dr.
E. W. Blakeman, counselor in reli-
gious education will greet the Parley
in,the name of the University. Three
faculty speakers, presenting the con-
servative, liberal and radical phi-
losophies for the forties, will then
speak. Prof. John E. Tracy of the
Law School will present the conser-
vative point of view; Prof. George
C. S. Benson of the political science
department, the liberal point of view;
and Prof. John F. Shepard of the
psychology department, the radical
point of view.
After a short discussion session,
following the three speakers, the Par-
ley will adjourn at 5:30 p.m. to re-
convene at 10:15 a.m. tomorrow, at
which time eachof the six discussion
panels-American Foreign Policy,
Government and Economics, Univer-
sity Student, Religion, American Cul-
ture and Science and Civilization-
will meet in their separate rooms.
Discussion at the panel meetings will
be initiated by the student chairman,
the student speaker, who will pre-
sent a student's view of the forties
and a faculty speaker who will pre-
sent his view of the forties. Discus-
sion will continue through the morn-
ing, afternoon and evening sessions
tomorrow, and a synthesis of opinions
advanced during the Parley will be
reached at the Sunday morning ses-
sion.
in a statement to The Daly last
night, Erlewine said: "I sincerely
hope that the students of the Univer-
sity of Michigan will avail themselves
of this opportunity to show the world
that they are individuals who can
think creatively as well as critically."
The complete faculty and student
panel and faculty advisory boards
follows :
American Foreign Policy; Martin
Dworkis, '40, student chairman; Tom
Downs, '40L, student speaker; Prof.
Mentor L. Williams of the English
department, faculty speaker; advisory
board members--Prof. Everett S.
Brown of the political science de-
partment; Prof. Arthur Smithies of
(Continued on Page 6)
Hoytmen Leave
ITo Meet Iini

,I

Roy Steinheiner, '40L and Robert Solomon, '40L, who will face John
Rubsam, '40L and John Adams, '40L in the Case Club finals at 2:30
p.m. today in the Law School.

Dr.
At

G. S. Ford To Speak
Honors Convocation

The Michigan Schoolmasters' Club
will hold its fifty-third annual meet-'
ing in Ann Arbor Thursday, Friday
and Saturday, April 27 to 29. The club
is composed of high school adminis-
trators and teachers throughout the
state.
Two addresses by Dr. Guy Stanton
Ford, president of the University of
Minnesota, one for the annual Hon-
ors Convocation of the University at
11 a.m., Friday in Hill Auditorium
and the second at the Schoolmasters'
annual banquet at 6 p.m. Friday in
taTniro mllhfln iurlyierh

By WILLIAM B. ELMER
Three members of the Michigan
Supreme Court, Justices George E.
Bushnell, Henry M. Butzell, and
Thomas F. McAllister, will preside to-
day at' the annual Law School Case
Club finals, to be held at 2:30 p.m..
today in Hutchins Hall. The con-
test will be open to the public.
Whether the Federal government
can levy an income tax on the salaries
of state employes will be the question
before the judges. John Adams, '40L,
and John Rubsam, '40L, will plead
the case for a fictional plaintiff, a
state tax commissioner who paid an
income- tax on his salary to the de-
fendant, a Federal collector of in-
ternal revenue, who will be defended
by Roy Steinheimer, A4L, and Rob-
ert Solomon, '40L.
The history of this income tax
question traces back to the McCulloch
vs. Maryland tax case, in which Chief
Justice Marshall delivered his key-
note decision. In that case it was
stahlished that a state has nn right,

School celebrates Founder's Day in
honor of the late William W. Cook,
who made the present Law Quad-
rangle possible. Following the Case
Club finals a Founder's Day banquet
will be held at 6:30 p.m. in the Law
Club dining room, with retiring Dean
Henry M. Bates as toastmaster.
Charles P. Megan, prominent Chicago
lawyer and former president of the
Illinois and Chicago Bar Associations,
will be the principal speaker. His
topic will be "The Lawyer in Public
Service."
The Cases Club was started about
15 years ago, according to Bruce
Smith, '39L, as a voluntary club open
to law students who wished to gain
practice in actual courtroom work.
Since then five clubs have been
formed for freshmen and four for
juniors.
Preparation for these cases is de-
signed to acquaint the law student
with the law library, research meth-
ods, and the technique required in
drafting briefs. Presentation affords
v,. ,. h la .a 1a,.m n zritami+ .nt A n r _ f

d
Dr. Sock man
Urges Nation r
s
StayNeutral
l;
Country Drifting Into War,
Speaker Holds In Final
Martin Loud Lecture
"Absolute neutrality is the best pro-
gram for collective peace action in
the future for the United States," Dr.
Ralph W. Sockman, of Christ Church,E
NYC, said in a lecture in the Union1
ballroom yesterday.t
Dr. Sohkman delivered the final
Martin Loud Lecture, the series were
based on three aspects of "The Amer-
ican Way."l
Asserting that in our present posi-
tion and under our present policy,
we are drifting directly into war, Dr.
Sockman urged that the devices us-
ually employed to create a pro-war
attitude be adopted for the cause of
peace. Quoting former resident Her-
bert Hoover, he said, "We must wage
peace as men in the past have waged
war."
Among the concepts that could be
adapted to the campaign for peace
for America, Dr. Sockman declared
"patriotism" to be outstanding.
Whenever this concept is employed,
he said, it suggests thoughts of past
or future wars, but it should logically

:1
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g
al

At Champaign
Squad Of 25 Is Chosen
For Meet Tomorrow;
Gedeon Misses Journey
By DICK SIEBK
The Wolverine track. team leaves
late today for Champaign, Ill., where
they will open the outdoor campaign
against Illinois tomorrow. Coach
Charley Hoyt has named 25 men to
make the trip.
While the Wolverines are expected
,to polish off the Illini without too
much trouble, just how well they will
do remains much a matter of con-
jecture. Unseasonably cold weather,
"the worst in my experience," accord-
ing to Coach Hoyt, has kept the
Michigan squad indoors and the Wol-
verine mentor does not know what his
men can do over the stiffer outdoor
distances and in the added events.
The Hoytmen will also be without,
the services of Elmer Gedeon, Big
Ten hurdles champ, who is in Colui-
bus with the baseball team. This
leaves Stan Kelley, Jeff Hall, Bob
Barnard, and Sherm Olmsted to
split up 120-yard high and 220-yard
ow hurdles duties against Dick Ris-

'Ensian Payments
Today; Priee

Due
To Rise

Balance payments for the Michi-
ganensian must be paid before 5 p.m.

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