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April 05, 1939 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1939-04-05

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Cloudy and wa rmr toda

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The Editor
Does Some Telling . .



Denies Report
Britain 'Ready
For Anthing'
Chamberlain Office Dubs
Naval Official's Claim
Completely Unfounded
France Bolsters
Syrian Defenses
LONDON, April 4.-0(P)-A great
furore was created in official circles
tonight b' the dramatic statement of
Earl Stanhope, first Lord of the Ad-
miralty, that anti-aircraft guns of the
British navy had been manned "so as
to be ready for anything."
The declaration which Stanhope
made at Portsmouth brought a quick
denial from Prime Minister Chamber-
lain's residence at 10 Downing Street
that any such order had been issued
and a request from the Admiralty in
London that the press suppress the
Admiralty Lord's speech.
Speaks From Warship
Stanhope spoke aboard the aircraft
carrier Royal Ark at Portsmouth dur-
ing a naval function.
"Shortly before left the Admiralty,
it became necessary to give orders to
man anti-aircraft guns of the fleet
so as to be ready fr anything that
might happen," he said.
An Admiralty spokesman in London
denied any anti-aircraft order. hac
been issued and said many officers
were absent on Easter leave.
"The fleet is always ready and no
extra precautions have been taken to-
night," the spokesman said.
At least two morning papers in their
midnight editions printed Stanhope's
words, despite the Admiralty's request
that it be withheld.
Daily Mal Holds News
The Daily ,ail said "a request was
made by an Admiralty official that
Lord Stanhd'pe's statement should not
be published," but since the news had
been flashed to the world "suppres-
sion could not serve the public inter-
in a later edition, however, the
Daily Mail withdrew the report of
Lord Stanhope's speech with the fol-
lowing explanation:
"At the request of the Admiralty,
the Daily Mail refrains from publish-
ing Lord Stanhope's actual statement
(n the national interest."
The News Chronicle under the
headline "Lord Stanhope's speech was
suppressed last night," likewise re-
ported it was refraining from publi-
cation at the Admiralty's request.
French Term New
Problem 'Delicate'
PARIS, April 4.-(P)-France to-
night disclosed she was reinforcing
her defenses in the Sanjak (district)
of Alexandretta, Syria, after Turkey
informed her of a desire to annex the
10,000-square mile area "as quickly as
Officials said that "as a precaution-
ary measure" France would send a
cruiser to Alexandretta harbor, stra-
tegically situated in the eastern Medi-
terranean, to reinforce the garrison
which now is kept at 1,500 men.
The disclosure followed assurances
by the Turkish ambassador that Tur-
key would not seize the Sanjak by
French sources described the prob-
lem as "delicate." It was understood
the Turks had suggested that France

should abandon the Sanjak to them
in exchange for guarantees to allow
French- and British warships to pass
through the Turkish-controlled Dar-
danelles from the Mediterranean into-
the Black Sea in event of war.
Dr. Sockman
To Speak Here
Minister To Deliver 1939
Martin Loud Series
Dr. Ralph W. Sockman, of Christ
Church, New York City, will give the
Martin Loud Lectures for 1939 here
on April 18, 19 and 20. Dr. Sock-
man's general topic for these talks
is to be "The American Way."
After serving as Intercollegiate
Secretary for the YMCA, for three
years, 1911-1913, Dr. Sockman was
elected president of the Federation
of Churches. He later took the po-
sition as director of Union Theologi-

Kent Seeks Human Values
For A Fine American Art


Modern Artists Interpret
Forces In Experience
And Social Problems
The future of American art de-
pends upon the artist's ability to
recognize that sensitivity to the val-
ues of light, shade and coloring must
be accompanied by an acute sensitivi-
ty to the values of human life, Rock-
well Kent, leading American artist,
said in an interview yesterday at the
Scarab Club in Detroit.
The artist has come down from his
ivory tower onto the solid earth; the
post-depression artist is a less pre-
and decadent clientele, "Mr. Kent
feels that the result has been a more
significant art. "The artist is no long-'
er the darling of a few people, subject
to the whims and desires of a board
and decandent clientele, "Mr. Kent
said, "but has emerged as the sensi-
tive interpreter of the vital forces
in our experience."
For the first time the American
artist is returning to life, in his art
and as a person, and for the first1
time the American artist has awak-
ened to the limitless opportunities
America itself offers as an artistic
theme. Artists now create as part
Wage Dispute .
Stops Dorms,
Project Work
Local Labor Union Strikes,
Against Detroit Building
Contractor; 70 Men Quit
Construction work on the Union
dormitory quadrangle project has
been suspended pending settlement of
a wages awd employment dispute be-
tween the 70 common laborers of
Laborers' Local Union, No. 959, who
walked out yesterday, and J. A. Utley
Co., of Detroit, general contractor.
More than 250 workers in the various
trades on the project have been af-
fected by the walkout, as they are
not permitted to break the picket line
set up by the common laborers.
The walkout was called, according
to C. L. Clickner, business representa-
tive of the Laborers' Local Union,
because Utley Co. has refused to pay
the established wage scale of 80 cents
for mason tenders, and has failed to
comply with the union regulations"
for hiring men as set up by the local
Building Trades Council. The Council
requires that laborers be hired on a
referral slip basis; i.e. a laborer must
be certified by the Council before
he may be hired. The laborers have
charged that the contracting company
has not followed this requirement.
Seventh Journalism Talk
To Be Presented Today
Helen Bower, one of the women's
editors of the Detroit Free Press, will
discuss "Women in Journalism" in
the seventh in a series of lectures
sponsored by the journalism depart-
ment, at 3 p.m. today in Room E
Haven Hall.
Miss Bower, a graduate of the
University, will give advice to wom-
en planning to enter newspaper work.
All interested persons are invited to

of the democratic populace, and have
come to realize that they must be
clearly understood by the people for
whom their artistic communication
is intended. Mr. Kent attributes this
cultural up-lift in America in part
to the opportunities offered to both
artists and the public by the Federal
Arts Project, and in part to the anti-
intellectual activities in Europe which
have driven artists back to an ap-
preciation of their positions, as ar-
tists and as citizens, in a democratic
"I don't know how other artists
feel about it," Mr. Kent said, "but it
seems to me that the first considera-
tions of every American citizen, ar-
tists included, must be directed to-
ward the defense and extension of
"I have found that I am personally
not content with just painting pic-
tures of poverty or of democracy be-
ing threatened. I must do something
of more direct service, and my recent
activities in behalf of the Spanish
Medical Bureau, the silocosis victims,
the share-croppers and the peace
movement have been motivated by
that need."
It is this overwhelming desire for
experiencing things, expressed in the
above statement, that is the keynote
to the life and work of the man who
has repeatedly been called the
"healthiest influence on American
art." Kent is. a powerful and direct
person.. Talk with him for five min-
utes and his contention is one of his
books that "art is a by-product of
one's enthusiasm for life" emerges as
a profound theory of esthetic crea-
tion. Survey the range of Kent's in-
terests-painting, illustration, litho-
graphy, exploration, murals, writing,
music, politics, lecturing and editing
-and he stands in the image of the
(Continued on Page 6)
Douglas Court
Selection Gets
Approval, 62-4
Senator Frazier Criticizes
SEC Chairman; FDR
To Be Notified At Once
WASHINGTON, April 4.-(AP)-The
nomination of William O. Douglas
40-year old chairman of the Securi-
ties Commission, to be a Supreme
Court justice was confirmed by the
Senate today, 62 to 4.
Before the vote, the Senate heard
a lengthy criticism of Douglas by Sen-
ator Frazier (Dem., N.D.) and an-
swering speeches by Senator Maloney
(Dem., Conn.) and Senator O'Ma-
honey (Dem., Wyo.).
Four Senators, Frazier and Nye of
North Dakota, Lodge of Massachu-
setts and Reed of Kansas, voted
against confirmation.
The former Yale law professor, who
received much of his education in
Washington State, will succeed As-
sociate Justice Louis D. Brandeis,
who retired recently. Douglas is
President Roosevelt's fourth appoin-
tee to the court.
On motion of Senator Barkley
(Dem., Ky.) o the Senate voted to
notify the president of Douglas' con-
firmation immediately. This cir-
cumvented the requirement that
nominations be held in the Senate
two days for possible reconsideration.
Douglas thus may take the oath of
office at any time.

UAW Begins
Drive To Cut
Work Hours
Thomas And Addes Retain
Posts In CIO Faction
To Head New Policy
Solidarity Pledged
After Tense Vote
CLEVELAND, O., April 4.--(P)-
The CIO United Automobile Workers
retained in office today President Ro-
land J. Thomas and Secretary-Treas-
urer George F. Addes-pilots of the
union since its split from a faction
led by Homer Martin-and formed a
program for a 30-hour work week.
Thomas, of Detroit, regarded as
an "independent" in union politics,
defeated Carl J. Shipley, Bendix Lo-
cal No. 9, South Bend, Ind., and
Frank B. Tuttle, Dodge Local No. 140,
Detroit, for the presidency.
Delegates, tense over the election
which had been the subject to many
caucuses throughout the convention,
hoisted the reelected officers on their
shoulders and pledged solidarity in
The convention swiftly adopted a
resolution for formulation of a pro-
gram for a 30-hour =work week in
the automobile industry with 40-
hour pay based on existing wage
The resolution instructed the of-
ficers to begin work on the program
immediately. Submitted by Local 12
of Toledo, O., the resolution said the
shorter hours were necessary to meet
displacement of workers by modern
machinery and production methods,
industrial conditions have forced
workers on relief or WPA and lowered
living standards, it asserted.
Bennett Scores U W
DETROIT, April 4.-(J)--Harry H.
Bennett, personnel director for the
Ford Motor Co., was brusque in his
comment today on the "organize
Ford" program adopted by the CIO
United Automobile Workers' conven-
tion Monday in Cleveland.
Bennett said, in regard. to CIO
plans to organize Ford workers, that
"the only people keeping them out of
here are the men themselves."
"The only walls we have against
the union are built by the men them-
selves," Bennett said, "and we will

Hail Victory
At State Polls

Elected 1940 Captain




Italians Move
To Counteract
Adriatic Pact
Alleged Attempt To Circle
Fascists Induces Ii Duce
To Renew Albanian Tie
Troop Movements
Focus At Brindisi

Of Conservative Trend
Dickinson Praises
DETROIT, April 4.-(R)-Republi-
can leaders hailing the broad victory
of their candidates in Michigan's
spring election surveyed tonight the
possibility that the vote trend it re-
vealed might lift the state out of its
"doubtful" classification.
GOP majorities in Monday's races
for minor state offices mounted close,
to the 125,000 mark in an indicated
total vote of slightly under 700,000.
With a total vote more than twice as
large, 1,600,000 in last fall's election,
the late Republican Governor Fitz-
gerald won with a majority of less
than 100,000.
A prediction that "Wayne County
will soon be completely Republican
just as it was in the past" came from
Edward N. Barnard,, Detroit party
leader who noted GOP gains in urban
centers. In recent elections Re-
publican majorities outstate have
dwindled in the face of usually demo-
cratic returns from Wayne County.
Encouraging to Republican ana-
lysts were the increased vote per-
centages captured by their candidates
who seized control of the state boards
of agriculture and education from
Democrats in Monday's election.
Gov. Luren D. Dickinson, who
last week asked the voters to elect
Republicans as a means of express-
ing confidence in his administration,
termed the result "very gratifying,"
and added:
"The Legislature should be given
credit along with the candidates, be-
cause of its insistence upon a policy of
balancing the budget ,and avoiding
new taxes."~
The Republicans, besides gaining
control of two state boards, retained
present positions on the supreme
court bench and on the Board of
University Regents.
A crossing or party lines, noted
especially in the 'race for two seats
on the Board of Regents, failed to
affect general trends. Harry G. Kip-
ke, elected a Regent of the Univer-
sity of Michigan which dismissed
him as head football coach in 1937,
led four candidates in this race, on
late tabulations. A controversy over
his candidacy and entrance of an
Anti-Kipke Michigan Alumni Com-
mittee into the campaign cut into
Kipke's vote totals outstate but he
more than made it up in Wayne
The ex-coach trailed Republican
J. Joseph Herbert of Manistique by
11,000 votes outstate. But a 17,500
advantage over Herbert in Wayne
County sent Kipke to the head of the
Ensian Payments Due
April 21, Kettler Warns
Only eight school days remain in
which to make balance payments for
the Michiganensian, Charles L. Ket-
tIer, '39E, warned yesterday. Deposits
will be forfeited if the remainder is
not received by Friday, April 21.
Campus sale of the yearbook is be-
ing conducted this week in the En-
gineering Arch, center of the diagonal
and Angell Hall Lobby, Kettler said.
Price of the book is $4.50 until April
21 when it will be raised to $5.

Natators Elect
Benham 1940
Injury-Harassed Junior
Is Second Wolverine
Diver To Lead Team
Hal Benham climaxed an Horatio
Alger struggle against periodic in-
juries that have harassed him
throughout his collegiate career -by
being elected captain of Michigan's
1940 swimming team yesterday.
Benham is the second diver in Wol-
verine natatorial history to be so hon-
ored, the precedent having been estab-
lished in 1936 when Frank Fehsen-
feld led the team to a National Col-
legiate championship.
The Indianapolis junior came to
Michigan in 1936 after having been
ranked number one scholastically in
both diving and breast stroke by the
authoritative Swimming Guide, but
since coming to Ann Arbor he has
concentrated on the springboard and
confined his breast stroking to exhi-
But Benham's rise to aerial emi-
nence was persistently dogged by
hard luck. As a freshman he had
appendicitis; just before Christmas
in his sophomore year, he fractured
his elbow and in a dual meet this
(Continued on Page 3)
Varsity .M' Club
Chooses Officers
The Varsity 'M' Club elected the
following officers for 1940 at its meet-
ing last night in the Union; Dye
Hogan, '40, president, Forest Eva-
shevski, '41, vice-president represent-
ing football, Charley Pink, '40, rep-
resenting basketball, Stan Kelley, '40,
for track, and Jim Rae, '40, repre-
senting basketball.
Al Chadwick, '40E and Bill Beebe,
'40E were elected for miscellaneous
Ed Hutchins, '40 is to be secretary-
treasurer for the coming year.
The First Annual Installation Ban-
quet of the 'M' Club will be held im-
mediately after Spring Vacation, on
April 18, at the Union.

back them up. We are
allow coercion."

not going to

Danner To Show Film Tonight
Of Adventures In Mexican Wilds

Neutralit Fight
Slated To Start
Stimson Will Champion
'Affirmative Action'
WASHINGTON, April 4.-(A)-The,
session's big bout over neutrality leg-
islation begins tomorrow with Henry
L. Stimson, former Republican Sec-
retary of State and champion of
"affirmative action" against the fas-
cist nations, explaining his views to
the Senate Foreign Relations Com-
His testimony was generally expect-
ed to emphasize at once the Senate's
fundamental division of opinion on
the subject by producing a searching
cross examination from such advo-
cates of isolation as Senator Borah
(Rep., Ida.) and Senator Johnson
(Rep., Calif.), the ranking Republi-
can members of the committee.
While a series of proposed amend-
ments to the present neutrality law
are pending, the real issue to be de-
cided is the question how much free-
dom of action President Roosevelt is
to have in charting this country's
course, if and when war breaks out
The administration makes no sec-
ret of the fact that it wants more
latitude than the present law would
permit. And, because of President
Roosevelt's evident disposition to
help the democracies of Europe resist
aggression by the continent's dictator
states, the isolationists are fearful
that if such freedom of action is giv-
en it may eventually lead this coun-
try into a European conflict.
Russia And Japan Clash
Again In Manchoukuo
TOKYO, April 5.-(Wednesday)-
(A)-Domei (Japanese News Agency)
dispatches from Manchoukuo today
reported fighting was continuing on
the border between Soviet Russia and
Japanese - dominated Manchoukuo
where a three-hour battle occurred
Sui ndav.~

ROME, April 4.-(P)-Military and
diplomatic moves to guard Italy's
maritime back door were under way
tonight and were explained by Fas-
cists as a precaution against alleged
French-British attempts to "encircle"
[taly and Germany.
Italian interest centered on the
Adriatic Sea and the Eastern Mediter-
ranean-of vital interest to Italy in
time of trouble-with these develop-
1. The Italian government radio
station at Bari announced negotia-
tions were being conducted to streng-
then Albania's military alliance with
Italy-a pact which already requires
each country to place all its military,
financial and other resources at the
disposal of the other in case either
ally is menaced with war.
Italy Explains
2. Diplomatic circles heard private-
ly that Italy had explained to Bri-
tainthat some Italian troops had
been sent to Albania to quell a move-
ment against King Zog, which had
been suppressed.
3. Authoritative sources confirmed
reports of Italian troop concentra-
tions around Brindisi, on the Adriatic
coast opposite Albania, and said they
were intended to reinforce Italian gar-
risons in the Dodecanese Islands, fac-
ing Turkey, and perhaps in Libya dur-
ing the present tension throughout
Fascists said one regiment already
had gone to Rhodes, in the Dodecan-
ese group.
The report of Italian troop move-
ments to Albania lacked confirmation
in official circles, but some usually
well-informed Italians considered that
it might be true. They indicated that
an Italian guardianship over Albania
was desirable because Zog was re-
ported to be in ill health from mala-
ria and to have political enemies in
Albania who might try to unseat him
at any time.
Diplomats Ponder
Diplomats, meanwhile, thought
Italian troops might be sent to Al-
bania in case Yugoslavia, to the north
of that country and across the Adri-
atic from Italy, showed a -tendency
to join attempts to' "encircle" the
Rome-Berlin powers. They heard re-
ports that 20,000 or more troops were
at Bari and Brindisi, across the Strait
of Otranto from Albania, with troop-
ships standing by.
Italians did not exclude the possi-
bility that reinforcements might be
sent to the Island of Sasena, which is
just outside the Albanian port of Val-
ona. Italy owns and has fortified
Sasena with coastguard batteries.
U.S. Spendin
Michigan, Dartmouth Meet
In 'Friendly Discussion'
Michigan's Varsity debaters, Rob-
ert Rosa, '39, and Jack Shuler, '40E,
met Lou Oberdorfer and John Willetts
of Dartmouth last night at the Union,
debating the question, "Resolved:
that United States Government
Should Cease to Use Public Funds,
Including Credit for Stimulating
Oberdorfer and Willetts supported
the affirmative side of the question
while the Michigan team debated the
negative. There was no decision giv-
en, this being one of a series of
"friendly discussion" debates.
At the conclusion of the debate,
the question was thrown open for
general discussion.
Although no more debates of this
type have 'as yet been scheduled for
the Michigan team, the question
may be discussed with another Michi-
gan team supporting the affirmative

Accident Kills King Ghazi'
Of Iraq; Child Is Ruler
BAGHDAD, April 4.-(P)-A three-
year-old boy became the King of
Iraq, the youngest monarch in the
world, with the death of his father,
K~iner Glhazi 1Tin an oiinmmhilp qaeni_

Bureau Of Student Opinion Uses
Gallup And Fortune Techniques

How a 21-year old athlete braved
the wilds of southern Mexico to ob-
tain a motion picture record of one
of the last remnants of ancient May-
an civilization.,will be told publicly
for the first time in Ann Arbor at
8:15 p.m. today in the Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre when Harland Danner,
'39, shows the films he took late last
Danner, a former varsity wrestling
star, will describe his experiences,
while the films are shown.
Dr. Carl E. Guthe, director of the
University Anthropology Museums,
praised Danner's movies: "The people
whom he visited are an example of a
group with a sincere culture which
has not yet been influenced to any
great degree by European materials
and customs. In this respect his
movies are a historical record of a
condition which will not exist much
longer in that region."
T~sn ,Trocnh A. B~ur .In a er

The sampling of public opinion,
which has been popularized by such
polls as the Fortune Survey and the
Gallup Poll, has been instituted on
Michigan's campus by the Bureau
of Student Opinion, under the direc-
tion of Jim Vicary, '40.
Using the same technique as the
Fortune and Gallup polls, the Bu-
reau samples students' opinion on
the primary bases of the schools in
which they are enrolled, on their re-
ligion, sex, fraternity affiliation, age,
and on Michigan or out-state resi-
dence. A total of 5 per cent of the
campus population is sampled for
each poll, roughly 556 students; of
this total, schools are given repre-
sentation as follows:
School Per cent

the poll, Vicary said "With the in-
creasing complexity of our institu-
tions, it has become very difficult for
individuals in society to voice their
opinions. Public opinion polling 'al-
lows them to express their opinions,
and it provides for greater democracy
in society." Cautioning against too
wide application of the results, he
said, "These statistics should not be
interpreted as showing cause and ef-
fect relationships, but as fairly good
hypotheses from which experienced
social observers may work."
The questions are made up by
groups of interested students who
determine what is to be polled, why,
and what can be done with the sta-
tistics so determined. This first
formulation of questions is tested on
friends to discover whether any are
e~mbarrassing, diffkiult to-nswer


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