t g an
VOL. XLIX. No. 135 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, APRIL 4, 1939
PRICE FIVE CENTS
To Join Union
Warlike Intentions Denied
'So Long As Germany
Will Be GoodNeighbor'
Nazis Hold Britain
Will Cause War
(By Associated Press)
LONDON, April 3. Prime Minister
Chamberlain, determined "to pre-
serve the independence of all states
threatened by aggression," today in-
vited the world to form a defensive
alliance with Britain against ex-
The Prime Minister made clear
that Britain harbored no aggressive
intention toward Germany "so long
as Germany will be a good neighbor."
But he accused her of breaking
faith and declared again Britain's
determination to resist any attempt
to dominate the world by force.
Seeks Continued Independence
"What we are' concerned with is to
preserve our independence," Cham-
berlain said, calmly, deliberately,
while the House of Commons sat
strangely hushed in contrast to its
"When I say independence, I do
not mean this country only. I mean
the independence of all states which
may be threatened by aggression.
"We therefore welcome the co-
operation of any country, whatever
may be its internal system of gov-
ernment, not in aggression but in
resistance to aggression."
Chamberlain sat down amid ring-
ing cheers as he concluded, sternly
" . ..we cannot live forever in an
atmosphere of surprise and alarm
from which Europe has suffered in
recent months. .
Hopes For Turn To Peace
"The common business of life can-
not be carried on in a state of un-
certainty. As far as has been pos-
sible for his Majesty's government to
help to restore confidence by plain
words we have done our part, and
in doing so I am certain we have
expressed the will of this people.
"I trust that our action, begun but
not concluded, will prove to be a
turning point, not towards war which
wins nothing, cures nothing and ends
nothing, but towards some new,
wholesome era when reason will take
the place of force and when threats
will make way for cool and well-mar-
While Chamberlain was speaking
in the House, Col. Joseph Beck, Po-
land's Foreign Minister, arrived in
London for vital three-day conversa-
tions on the British-French pledge to
help Poland defend her independence.
BERLIN, April 3.-(IP)-Nazi Ger-
many's spokesmen struck back quick-
ly today at Prime Minister Chamber-
lain's promise to back up the inde-
pendence of "all states" threatened by
domineering force with a charge that
Britain was laying the groundwork
for a new war which she would run
at the expense of others.
"The self defense is on our side,"
said one spokesman in reply to the
British Premier's statement that his
policy was one of defense.
The spokesman explained that in
his Wilhelmshaven speech Saturday
Chancellor Hitler refrained from
starting a campaign for a preventive,
war, but warned that attempts to
mix in Germany's spheres of in-
fluence would meet with resistance.
Foreign Office quarters earlier had
expressed a conviction that Cham-
berlain would get nowhere with his
"Halt Hitler" policy.
Union To Hold
Entries Asked For Final
The last of a series of three all-
campus bridge tournaments will be
held from 7:30 to 10 p.m. tonight
in the main ballroom of the Union.
Play will be conducted by Conway
Magee, Grad., a member of the state
championship bridge team.
Entries for the tournament will
still be accepted at the League and
Union main desks, it was announced
Betty Correll, High School
As Guest Soloist
The growth of the University Band
from a six-man organization in 1859
to a group which last fall aroused the
admiration of eastern radio com-
mentators, will be celebrated today
at the annual Spring Concert, direct-
ed by Prof. William D. RevellI, at
8:30 p.m. in Hill Auditorium. The
concert marks the Band's 80th an-
Miss Betty Correll, high school stu-
dent from Elkhart. Ind., will be guest
soloist. She will present "Caprice" by
Payor. kevelli described her as one
of the finest and most promising
young trombonists in the country.
Members of the University First
Regimental Band will join with the
Concert Band for the second part of
During the evening the William D.
Revelli solo and the Ensemble Trophy
will be presented to the winner of the
Kappa Psi Contest, by Louis Van
Manen, president of Nu chapter of
this national honorary band fra-
ternity. Winners in the ensemble
division this year are Victor Cherven,
cornetist; Leslie Grimard, cornetist;
John Robbins, trombonist; Kenneth
Summerfelt, euphonium. The win-
ning number, a suite composed by
Cherven, is a fine piece of music,
Professor Revelli said. Donald Marrs
captured first place in the solo divi-
sion with a number on the euphoni-
um, bell-front baritone instrument.
The program for the evening in-
cludes "Three Chorales" by Bach,
Of Polish Aid
Moscow Refuses To Back
Embargo To Germany,
News Agency Claims
MOSCOW, April 3.-(M')-Any in-
timation that Soviet Russia has prom-
ised to aid Poland in case of war-
even with such efforts as an embargo
on raw material shipments to Ger-
many--was rejected sharply in a
Reports published in France alleged
"that the Soviet Union undertook or
promised to undertake, in case of war,
to supply Poland with war material
and close to Germany its market of
raw materials," said the communique.
issued through Tass (Soviet official
Such denials usually are made ver-
bally by a government .spokesman,
and then only in answer to a direct
question. This, however, was the sec-
ond time that Moscow formally has
denied offering aid to Poland The
first was on March 21. /
Some foreign observers interpreted
tonight's statement as an effort to
emphasize what already has been sug-
gested in recent Soviet press com-
ment-that the U.S.S.R. is interested
in continuing collective security, but
not in efforts to "erect a fence against
aggression in one place" and thereby
merely divert it in another direction.
Other observers were reminded of
passages in Joseph Stalin's speech
March 11 to the All-Union Congress
of the Communist Party to the effect
that efforts were being made abroad
to embroil the Soviet Union in a con-
'Stu dent In 40's'
"The Student Looks at the '40's"
will be the topic of the 1939 Spring
Parley, Ralph Erlewine, chairman of1
the executive committee, announced
The six discussion panels include
government and economics, interna-
tional affairs, education, religion, art
The Parley will be held Friday,
Saturday and Sunday, April 21 to 23
In the Union. Tentative plans call
for a general session on Friday with
three speakers to present the conser-
vative, liberal and "middle of the
road" aspect of the general topic, to
be followed by the panel discussions
Saturday afternoon and evening. A
panel of faculty and students will be
chosen later for each of the discus-
sion groups. Sunday morning the
general session will re-convene for a
summary of the panels.
A meeting of the executive commit-
tee at 4:15 p.m. tomorrow with stu-
dents and representatives of campus
organizations will select a general
chairman, faculty and student pan-
els, and faculty speakers for the gen-
Drive FOr UniOn
In Ford Plants'
To Supervise Campaign
For Organizing 100,000
CLEVELAND, April 3. -(P)- A
program for organization of 100,000
employes of the Ford Motor Co. was
adopted unanimously today by the
CIO United Automobile Workers
Union in convention here.
The program, presented by the
UAW organizing committee, contem-
plates coordination of unionization of
all Ford plants in the United States
and Canada under the direction of
The delegates voted to:
Set up publicity and research de-
partments devoted entirely to "edu-
cating Ford employes in the advan-
tages of UAW membership."
Renew the drive for collection of1
a $1 assessment from each U.A.W.,
member to finance organization of
Empower the UAW International
Executive Board to appoint a com-
mittee of three International officers
to suiervise the campaign.
Send a letter to the Ford Motor Co.
asking company officials to meet with
Ford workers and the UAW Ford Or-
ganizing Committee to establish union
Delegates voted the Ford program
after hearing Executive Committee-i
man Walter Reuther, of Detroit, de-
"The Ford Motor Company can-!
not stand a fight of this sor at this
time. I think that with a concen-;
trated drive in ,the River Rouge plant
we can do this job that Sidney Hill-
man (CIO Vice President) said could
be accomplished in six months."
Committee Finds Agency
'Honest. And Efficient'
In Investigation Report
WASHINGTON, April 3.-(T-A
majority of the Joint Congressional
Committee which investigated TVA
exonerated that agency of charges of
maladministration and inefficiency
today, while three Republican men-
hers of the committee indignantly
protested such a finding.
Reporting its conclusions to Con-
gress, the majority asserted that:
Rates for TVA power "provide a
legitimate, honest yardstick" for com-
parison with the rates charged by
Charges of dishonesty preferred by
Dr. Arthur E. Morgan, former TVA
chairman deposed last year by Presi-
dent Roosevelt, were "without founda-
tion" and "not supported by the evi-
TVA's "Personnel is able, honest
The acquisition of land by TVA
Local GOP Stronghold
Invaded On Strength
Of SplitTicket Ballot
Five City Officers
Have No Opposition
By STAN M. SWINTON
Dr. Dean W. Myers, Democratic
candidate for the Board of Regents,
scored a stunning triumph in yes-
terday's'election when he invaded the
'traditional Republican' stronghold ,of
Ann Arbor and emerged with a 4,102
to 2,131 victory over Harry G. Kipke,
former head football coach who was
victorious in state-wide polling.
It was an amazing but not unex-
pected victory for Dr. Myers, which
was won on the basis of split tickets.
His running mate, Charles Lockwood,
Detroit lawyer, failed to show equal
strength, piling up only 1,970 votes
to the 3,223 won by J. Joseph Herbert,
Upper Peninsula candidate on the Re-
In the city, the five incumbent Re-
publican officers, with no Demo-
cratic opposition, remained in office.
They are Prof. Walter C. Sadler of
the College of Engineering, Mayor;
Prof. Leigh J. Young of the School
of Forestry and Conservation, Presi-
dent of the Council; Fred C. Perry,
City Clerk; Herbert W. Crippen, City
Assessor; and Harry W. Reading,c
Justice of the Peace,.
A proposal to revise the city char-t
ter met with defeat by a nearly three
to two vote, the sixth ward alone vot-
ing for revision. Complete results:
"Yes" 2,029; "No" 3,164. In the fourth
ward -alderman race Wesley C. Ful-
ler, Republican, defeated Francis L.E
O'Brien, Democrat, by a slim inar-
gin of 322 votes .to 315. Prof. Johnc
B. Waite, Republican, of the law
school became alderman from the
sixth ward, having no opposition.
Willis Player, Republican, gainede
the first ward constabulary when
Walter Feldkamp, Democrat, with-
drew after each polled one vote on1
an open ballot.-
Ann Arbor Vetoes Kipke 7
On the non-partisan election of
judges, the city was showing ap-
proval by a 1,973 to 1,522 margin ate
County results, on the basis of early
returns, showed Kipke overcoming
the Ann Arbor handicap in the Re-e
gent race with a lead of 2,260 to 1,-1
994 for Dr. Myers. Herbert polled 2,-
678 votes to 1,313 for Lockwood.
Both city and county were showing
approval of the amendment to thet
State constitution which would pro-
vide for non-partisan election of1
judges. In Ann Arbor, partial returnst
showed 1,377 in favor while 1,056 were
against. The county as a whole, on
the basis of 18 precincts, was "yes,"
2,965 and "no," 1,916.
The city was strongly against in-
creasing the powers of circuit court
commissioners, with 1,540 ballots cast
against the proposal while only 665.
were in favor of it.
Dr. Myers' ability to overcome a
usaally overwhelming G.O.P. major-
ity surprised local political observers.
Even the traditional Republican
stronghold in the second precinct in
the seventh ward came out against
the former head football coach. The
county's support of Kipke was more
in line with what had been forecast
but observers were amazed when he
lost every precinct locally.
Returns within the city showed
(Continued on Page 6)
Schuler And Rosa Oppose
Michigan's Varsity debaters will
meet a team from Dartmouth Col
lege at 8 p.m. today in the north
lounge of the Union on question, "Re-
solved: That the United Should Cease
to Use Government Funds, Including
Credit, for the Stimulation of Busi-
Robert Rosa, '39, and Jack Shuler,
'40E, will defend the negative of the
proposition. Louis Oberdorfer and
Republican Ticket Victory
Supreme Court Post
Is GainedBy Butzel
DETROIT, April 4.-(AP)-The Re-
publican party won a complete vic-
tory at the polls yesterday in Michi-
gan and added to its conquests of
Harry G. Kipke and Joseph J. Her-
bert were elected to the Board of Re-
Justices Henry M. Butzel and How-
ard Wiest were reelected to the Swi-
Melville B. McPherson and Forest
M. Akers were elected to the State
Board of Agriculture, and Mary
Farnsworth to the Board of Educa-
Dr. Eugene B. Elliott was reelected
State Commissioner of Public Educa-
-Courtesy of The Ann Arbor News
JOSEPH J. HERBERT HARRY G. KIPKE
New Court Amendment Needs
By LEONARD SCHLEIDER
Unless the state legislature acts toI
insure non-partisan nomination ofJ
State Supreme Court justices, the new1
constitutional amendment providing,
for non-partisan election of the en-
tire state judiciary will be incomplete,
Joseph E. Kallenbach of the political
science department said in an inter-
view late last night.
The amendment, passed yesterday,
makes non-partisan nomination of
all other judges mandatory but spedi-
fically exempts Supreme Court can-1
didates. Supreme Court justices are
now nominated by party conventionsF
and will remain so without legislativej
action. All judges, however, will be
elected on non-partisan ballots. 1
Mr. Kallenbach discounted thet
possibility of such legislative action.r
He believes the amendment's support-t
ers do not want non-partisan nomi-
nation of Supreme Court justices.
They argue, he said, that non-parti-.l
san elections sometimes imply party
elections without party responsibility.
Opposition to the amendment, ac-
cording to Mr. Kallenbach, not only
resulted from the Supreme Court ex-
emption but also rested on a common
belief that "popular election coupled
with popular nomination is the wrong
way to choose judges."
A state-wide primary system for
the nomination of Supreme Court jus-
tices is not favored out-state, Mr.
Kallenbach stated, because it might
throw too much control to the city
interests. It is generally agreed, he
continued, that the state-wide pri-
mary does not allow close contact
between the candidate and the voter.
Lebrun A arees
Paris, London Consider
To Posts In Germany
PARIS, April 3.-(-)-President
Albert Lebrun, bowing to urgent re-
quests made in view of the interna-
tional situation, agreed today to be-
come a candidate for reelection at
Wednesday's National Assembly.
French presidents are elected for
seven years and Lebrun becomes only
the second man in the history of the
French Republic to stand for reelec-
tion. It was expected he would be re-
turned to office.
He had planned not to run, but
agreed to do so, according to a semi-
official statement distributed through
a French news service, because of
urgent requests from national lead-
In view of the critical situation
abroad, Lebrun's reelection was de-
clared essential. It would do away
with the formality of t h cainet.'s
For six years, Mr. Kallenbach ex-
plained, the problem of selection of,
judges has been before the electorate.
In 1934, a non-partisan election'
amendment was voted down by a
60,000 vote majority. Political ob-
servers viewed this as an indication
of the public's desire for an appoint-1
ive system. Last year, an appointive
system amendment was defeated.
Yesterday's vote, Mr. Kallenbach
said, seems to show that the people
preferred a non-partisan system.
The "nominations" section of thec
amendment specifies: "NominationsI
for justices of the Supreme Court1
shall be made as now or hereafter
provided by law. Nominations for all
other said judicial offices shall be
made at non-partisan primary elec-
tions. This section is self-executing."
(Late returns from 1,975 precincts
showed 188,627 in approval of the
proposed amendment to the state1
constitution to provide for non-parti-
san election of judges to 105,028
against it.) 4
Modified Reor g anization.
Act Signed; Air Measure
Will Add_6,000 Planes
WARM SPRINGS, Ga., April 3.-
(IP-President Roosevelt signed to-
night the $358,000,000 emergency
army air defense bill and the govern-
ment reorganization measure.
They' were the only two impor-
tant bills approved by Congress which
were sent to him here for action. He
had 10 days to act, but affixed his
signature to both long before that
time was un.
The rearmament bill authorizes
most of the money for an increase
to 6,000 in army plane strength. The
armysnow has around 2,000 fighting
The army measure, first step in a
supplemental defense program call-
ing for a total of $552,000,000, does
not appropriate any funds, but mea-
sures are pending to provide a por-
tion of the money.
The government reorganization
bill, modified product of a long and
heated controversy in Congress, em-
powers the President, with some ex-
ceptions, to merge and shift ,federal
bureaus and commissions subject to
a veto by both houses of Congress. If
reorganization orders are not dis-
approved by both houses in 60 days
they automatically take effect.
The bill also gives the President
six new executive assistants at $10,-
000 a year. It was not disclosed wheth-
er he planned any reorganization
Retains All Seats
The triumph of these Republicans
enabled the party to retain all its
present holdings and to add two seats
on the State Board of Agriculture
and one on the Board of Education.
Moreover, the returns from urban
centers indicated an increase in Re-
publican strength, and party leaders
viewed with satisfaction a spring
election which they regarded as a test
of the vital 1940 prospects.
With 2,204 of the State's precincts
tabulated, Justice Butzel was leading
the field with 230,172.
The next best vote getter was Dr.
Elliott, with a total of 229,137.
Leading the defeated Democratic
ticket was Dr. Dean W. Myers, Ann
Arbor candidate for Regent who rea
ceived some support from anti..Mpke
groups that jumped party lines. Dr.
Myers had 169,610 votes on the basis
of 2,197 precincts.
Circuit Amendmient Out
The proposed amendment to the
State Constitution providing for non-
partisan election of judges apparent-
ly was approved by a substantial
margin. With 1,975 precincts reported
the vote for approval was 188,627, for
The proposed amendment to widen
the powers of Circuit Court Commis-
sioners was beaten. The vote stood:
Yes 98,016; no, 169,283.
The returns in all contests in-
cluded a heavy percentage of the
Wayne County vote, which sometimes
changes the outsate trend after many
hours. There was no indication that
such a change would develop this
Kipke's candidacy was opposed by
a Michigan Alumni Committee com-
posed of members of his own party,
which raised the cry that "machine
politics" dictated his nomination.
Democrats won both seats on the
Board of Regents at stake in the
spring election two years ago.
Kipke surprisingly found strength
in usually Democratic Wayne County
to climb into the lead when more
than 1,600 of the State's 3,555 pre-
cincts had reported.
Kipke Takes Wayne
Kipke was trailing Herbert in most
outsate counties, but led him by 12,000
votes in 800 Wayne County precincts.
The vote for Regents in some of
the state's populous counties showed:
With 7 precincts reported, Gerie-
see County showed: Kipke, 513; Her-
bert, 553; Myers, 508; Lockwood, 434.
With 34 precincts, Ingham County
showed: Kipke, 4758; Herbert, 4929;
Myers, 2665; Lockwood, 2152.
In 32 precints, Jackson County
showed: Kipke, 2426; Herbert, 2708;
Myers, 1574; Lockwood, 1206. In 35
precincts of Kalamazoo County: Kip-
ke, 1318; Herbert, 1649; Hyers, 1045;
With 34 precincts, Muskegon Coun-
ty showed: Kipke, 3169; Herbert, 3562;
Myers, 3218; Lockwood, 2739. With 800
precincts, Wayne County showed:
Kipke, 65,103; Herbert, 53,478; Myers,
64,761; and Lockwood, 62,187.
Injured At Union
A hand injury incurred by a stu-
dent employee of the Union while