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February 18, 1939 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1939-02-18

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ing temperature today; to-
morrow continued fair.


IX. No. 98




luthven Flays
Which Strive
or u bicity
takes Plea For 'Sound'
News That Tells Real
Story Of Our Colleges
peaks To Alumni
In New York City
NEW YORK CITY, Feb. 17.-(Spe-
I to The Daily)-Striking at insti-
ions of higher learning whose of-
ials win cheap publicity by "dis-
rering" new educational plans or
declaring professors are narroiw-
nded and students primarily in-
ested in sex or communism, Presi-
it Ruthven made a plea tonight for
md, interpretative news which tells
true story of university activity.
Speaking before a formal banquet
the University 6f Michigan Club of
w York, Dr. Ruthven declared that
is one of the inconsistencies of
social order that we legislate
Lainst medicine men who' may en.-
iger our physical well-being and at
same time encourage educational
rlatans anal careerists whose nos-
ms menace our efforts to improve
r minds."
Ridicules Publicity Stunts
en. Burton K. Wheeler, '05L, of
ntana was second speaker on the
gram. Lyman Bryson, '10, profes-
of education at Teachers' College,
lumbia University, acted as toast-
Vothing is more simple, useless,
: at the same time more dangerous
an institution of higher learning
to notice in public print designed
promote "sale" of the university to
public, to potential students and
potential benefactors, Dr. Ruthven

Relief Problem Demands
Sound EconomicPlanning
Greatest Portion Of Unemployment Load Will Remain
Even When Prosperity Returns, Declares Writer

(Editor's Note: This is the first of a
series of articles written in collabora-
tion with members of the economics
department dealing with the problem"
of relief in America.)
America today is a nation on relief.
Victims of economic forces seem-
ingly beyond control, 21,947,000 per-
sons representing some 6,854,000
households are public dependents and
one person in six looks to the govern-
ment in staving off starvation.
If all the able-bodied unemployed
were to find jobs tomorrow, it is
estimated, three-quarters of this re-
lief load would yet remain. Clearly
this transcends mere emergency
treatment, and experts agree, a sound
long-range campaign to attack the
problem is in order.
That the burden of relief is still
being shouldered in a temporary,
make-shift fashion seems self-evi-
dent. For the most part, this terrific
burden of dependency has been
treated on an emergency basis. The
federal share of the cost of relief has
not been written into the regular
budget to be met through taxation
but has been financed with borrowed
money. Within the states the financ-
ing of relief has been even less cer-
tain and in many the relationship be-
tween state and local units appears
hopelessly confused.:
The result, of course, is terrific
waste of public funds through over-
lapping, uncoordinated administra-
tion, and, perhaps more important,

needless suffering where local facili-
ties are inadequate. In the background
lurks the old bogey: the business
man's chronic fear of an unbalanced
federal budgetaand consequent reluc-
tance to embark on new ventures.
From this predicament springs what
many believe to be a vicious para-
dox: unemployment relief, as financed
today on an emergency basis, entails
vast government borrowing; such
borrowing, many argue, undermines
business confidence in profit expect-
ations, and loss of confidence, in
turn, means curtailed investments,
reduced production and resulting
armies of unemployed swelling the
relief rolls.
The effect of this tremendous bur-
den can scarcely be exaggerated. The
total cost of public relief between
1933 and, 1937 was set by the U. S.
Senate Committee on Unemployment
Relief at $13,500,000,000, of which
ten billion dollars came from the
federal treasury and $3,500,000,000
from state and local sources. For
1937 alone, the total relief bill was
estimated by the committee at
$3,122,000,000, about two-thirds of
which was furnished by the federal
government. This represents 'about
seven per cent of the national income.
Obviously this is a staggering load
for any economy to bear. Yet any re-
duction, under the present set-up,
would mean human suffering and
human costs intolerable in a civilized
society. The reiedy, economists agree,
(Continued on Page 6)


Highway Men
Given Warning
Of Slim Budget

Prophesying that he could get na-
nal publicity on an educational
pan" which would have studentssen-
ras freshmen and graduates as sen-
's provided pictorial magazines
uld illustrate it "with snappy photo-
aphs of shapely drum majorettes,"
Ruthven said that only transitory
ins could result.0
.ontributions which came in would
>resent temporary enthusigsm and
t a growing understanding of the
als and needs of the institution,
blic interest would prove of little
.ue and students attracted would
)bably be undesirable, he stated.
Stop Cheap Exploitation
'The inherent weakness of this
>e of publicity for institutions of
her education is that it continually
is the college short . . . Those who
uld place (these institutions) in
position of competitors or attempt
exploit education as if it were a
ent medicine either fail to appre-
te schools as places where people
icate themselves or are guilty of
worst kind of quackery."
?ublicity which explains the na-
e and uses of education scientifi-
ly and sanely, however, is extreme-
lesirable. he told the alumni gath-
1g. Such publicity entails publi-
ion of the results of staff members'
dies and keeps before the world
successes of specific institutions
measured against the ideals of an
egrated and comprehensive phi-
>phy of education,
uch publicity is necessary to cre-
and build for a university a read-
and listening public, Dr. Ruthven
lared. This public, which should
perly center in the alumni, pro-
es a fundamental interest in the
ool and educational movements
t ; is not deceived by "the surface,
rents temporarily set up in 'the
at pool of human thought by the,
.d of agitators and self-advertis-

Callaghan Tells Republican
Attitude As Three-Day
Conference Is Concluded
Rural road improvement faces a
stiff battle for additional funds in
this "economy-minded" State Legis-
lature, Sen. Miles Callaghan of Reed
City, declared in a panel discussion on
Farm and Resort Service Roads at
the closing session of the 1939 High-
way Conference yesterday in the
To meet this obstacle of obtainirg
more money for secondary roads,
Chippewa County Engineer L. F.
Levin suggested a property tax would
seem the only way to attain lthe
much-needed improvement discussed
by Senator Callaghan.
Stanley M. Powell, legislative coun-
sel for the Michigan State Farm
Bureau, and W. G. Armstrong, former
national president of the Rural Mail
Carriers Association, pointed out that
doctors, mail carriers and school buses
are often unable to go through and
not caring for secondary roads con-
stitutes a definite menace to public
safety and progress.
The use of sand treated with cal-
cium chloride was advocated by
Genesee County Engineer John H.
Dennis as a more effective and eco-
nomical method of combatting the.
problem of icy roads.

U.S. Protests
Japan' sTaking
Hainan Island
Joins With France And
Great Britain In Protestj
Against Her Occupation
TOKYO, Feb. 17.-(I)-The Unit-
ed States again joined France and
Britain in parallel action in the Far
East today when Ambassador Joseph
C. Grew asked for an explanation of
Japan's occupation of Hainan Island
off the South China coast.
A. forign .office spokesman said
Foreign Minister Hachiro Arita re-
plied to Grew in the same manner as
he had to similar questions within a
few days from the French and British
His reply was that occupation of
the island, 750 miles west of the
Philippines, was "intended to streng-
then the Japanese blockade of the
South China coast and is not going
beyond requirements of military
(In Washington a State Depart-
ment official said that Grew acted on
State Department instructions and'
that his inquiry was to be of a politi-
cal nature.
(Under-Secretary of State Sumner
Welles said Grew reported he had
received a repetition of former state-
ments that Japan has no territorial
ambitions in China and that her oc-
cupation of Hainan would not go be-
yond military necessities).

Varsity Tank
Team Renews
O.SU. Rivalry
Buckeyes Out To Revenge
Tie In Last Meet; Team
Balance To Decide Tilt
Tomski's Return
Aids Wolverines
COLUMBUS, O.-Special to The
Daily-Michigan and Ohio State will
renew the warmest swimming feud
in America at 4 p.M. today in the
spacious Ohio State Natatorium
amidst a tension created by innuen-
does, insinuations and rampant title-
Ohio State has taken this meet
seriously and hopes to make it a very
happy afternoon by finishing in time
for a supper of Wolverine meat. The
Buckeyes are still seething over Ahe
judge's decision which gave Michi-
gan a free-style relay victory and en-
abled the Wolverines to eke out a 42-
42 tie. Inflamed by editorial com-
ment in local papers, the Bucks are
seeking revenge.
Want Decisive Victory
Balm for their wounded eg will
come only if they are able to salvage
a decisive victory in their home pool.
It is interesting to note that Clarence
Pinkston, against whom Ohio direct-
ed so much criticism. for his part in
the last meet, has been asked to be a
judge today.
But retribution seems a little be-
yond Ohio State potentialities. The
return of the Detroit native, Walt
Tomski, appears to have strengthened
the Wolverines so that Matt Mann
can distribute his team power more
It is team balance that will ulti-
mately decide the meet. A majority
of the first place winners can be de-
termined before the meet. Al Patnik
and Johnny Higgins should win the
dive and breast stroke respectively
for Ohio; Tom Haynie or Jimmy
Welsh can win both of the distances
and Walt Tomski, Bill Beebe, Charley
Barker and Bill Holmes are all cap-
able of winning the 50.
Two Events Doubtful
The doubtful events are the back
stroke, the 100-yard free style and
both relays. In the last meet, Ohio's
Harold "Curley" Starihope whipped
Charley Barker and Bill Beebe in the1
new I-M Pool record of 1:38.7. If
either or both of the Michigan sopho-
mores can whip the Buckeye hope,
the entire complexion of the meet
will be changed.-
In the century, the two best hun-
dred men in the country will tangle
with the important first place points
possibly deciding the meet. Quayle
had no competition here on Jan. 20,
a situation which no longer exists.
(Continued on Page 3)
Student Control
Of Dartmouth
Daily Is Assured
Arbitration Committe e's
Report Ends 18-Month
Battle Over Ownership
HANOVER, N.H., Feb. 17-(Special
to the Daily)-An 18-month contro-
versy between the administration of
Dartmouth College and the editors of
The Dartmouth over the ownership
and control of the student "daily has

apparently ended with a settlement
that assures a student-owned and
administered newspaper.
The settlement came about through
President Ernest Hopkins' acceptance
of the recommendations made by a
three-man arbitration committee con-
sisting of Dean of Freshmen Robert
C. Strong and O'Brien Boldt, '39,
former editor-in-chief of The Dart-
mouth, who chose as the third mem-
ber and chairman of the committee,
Maurice S. Sherman, '94, editor of
the Hartford Courant.
Under the terms of the agreement,
the corporation stock of the paper,
now held by the editor-in-chief, the
business manager and a Maine attor-
ney, will be turned over to an eleven-
man board of proprietors to consist
of the top-ranking four members of
the editorial staff, the top-ranking
three members of the business staff,
"a member of the college faculty to
be appointed by the faculty, an ad-
ministrative officer of the college to
be appointed by the President, a
member of Palaeopitus (student hon-
nrarv oranization) tn h ehnsn by

Azana Urges Speaks ere Today
Peace Terms
With Franeo
Spanish President Admits
That Further Resistance
Will Prove 'In Vain'
Loyalists Ask For
Clemency Promise
PARIS, Feb. 17.- (P) --Manuel
Azana, President of Government
Spain who has pleaded the futility
of further resistance to Insurgent
Generalissimo Francisco Franco, was
reported tonight to have demanded BERTRAND RUSSELL
that his Government make peace on*#
any terms.
Azana again conferred with For-Author I il
eing Minister Julio Alvarez Del Vayo Author s
and was believed still trying to per-
suade him to abandon further de- Wil Be Heard
fense of the one-fourth of Spain the
Government still holds. An aide ofwid
the President said Azana had insist-
ed "resistance in vain."
Informeddiplomatic quarters said Noted British Philosopher
were pushing peace negotiations at To Lecture On Space
Franco's capital, Burgos. Alvarez And Problem of God
Del Vayo, who flew here from ov-
erment Spain, apparently was wait-
ing for the outcome of the reported Bertrand Lord Russell, ndted Brit-
negotiations. ish author and philosopher, will de-
It was believed they were being liver two lectures at 11 a.m. and 8:15
carried on as closely as possible on p.m, today in the Graduate School
the lines of Spanish Governmen Auditorium. His first lecture, "Space
Premier Juan Negrin's "three points,"
altered only to eliminate his demand in Modern Philosophy and Physics,"
for a plebiscite to let the people of will be presented under the sponsor-
Spain decide what kind of govern- ship of the philosophy department,
ment they want, and the second, "The Existence and
Insurgent assurances to Britain, Nature of God," in which he will pres-
diplomats said, apparently have sat- ent the agnostic's view of the prob-
isfied another of Negrin's conditions lem, will be one of a series of three
for surrender, his demand for dis- on that general subject, sponsored by
missal of foreign soldiers from Spain the Student Religious Association. No
and for a regime free of foreign in- admission will be charged for either
fluence. lecture.
Succeeding lectures on the SRA
U. S. Refuses Recognition series will be delivered Friday by The
Rt. Rev. Msgr. Fulton J. Sheen of
WASHINGTON, Feb. 17.-(A)-The the Catholic University of America
United States will not recognize Gen- and Thursday, March 2, by Prof.
eral Franco's Government for the Reinhold Niebuhr of Union Theologi-
time being and sees. no necessity for cal Seminary.
a precipitous decision on the ques Lord Russell began his philosophic
tion. activities at the turn of the century
This official attitude was disclosed With a study of GMerman Social De-
today by Sumner Welles, Undersecre- \octhyanth publGsrmng ofi -
tar ofStaewho also said at a press mocracy and the publishing of his
tary of State, whoaso prssy"Philosophy of Leibnitz." In the
conference there was no possibility succeeding 10 years he turned his at-
of joint Pan-American action on tention to mathematics to find if
recognition,_ _there w ere valid reasons for regard -
ing , mathematics as true, and his
" "Principia Mathematica," published
Romie Awaits in 1910 was the result of the long
years of research.
.,S.Cards Convinced that man's public duty
is toward mankind as a whole, Lord
Russell, at the close of the war left
Will ,Be First Americans the purely academic life and turned
-eehis attention to world problems.
To Vote In Election Works on Soviet Russia, China, rela-
ROME, Feb. 17-4M)-Dennis Card- tivity, the atom, industry, education
inal Dougherty, Archbishop of Phila- (Continued on Page 2)
delphia, and George Cardinal Mun- Hitler Don't 'Low No
delein, Archbishop of Chicago, are ex-
pected to arrive here tomorrow night, Reckless Drivin' There
the first American Cardinals ever to
reach Rome in time to vote in the
election of a Pepe BERLIN, Feb.,, 17.-(3)-Reihs-
fuehrer Adolf Hitler set 50 miles an
United States embassy officials to- hour today as the proper top speed for
night completed arrangements to re- good Nazis on German highways and
ceive the prelates. called reckless driving a "crime
Today, o4e of official mourning for against the nation."
all Italy fIr the death of Pope Pius Opening the 1939 automible show,
XI, Premier Mussolini and his min- he also announced that: "Raw ma-
isters, King Vittorio Emanuele and terials we used to import from abroad
Queen Elena attended a special fune- no longer are necessary to us even if
al mass in the 340-year-old church of they are unrestrictedly at our dis-
Sant' Andrea Della Valle. posal" because of successes in the

The sixth of the nine consecutive four-year plan for self-sufficiency.
funeral masses was sung in St. Peter's. Speaking in the exhibition hall be-
Cardinals will celebrate the final fore Nazi officials, manufacturers and
three-Angelo Maria Cardinal Dolci' workers, the Fuehrer promised that
the first tomorrow and Alessio Cardi- "road gangsters, highway bandits, car
nal Ascalesi, Archbishop of Naples, stealing and murderers" would be
next on Sunday. eradicated mercilessly.
Health Service Is Swamped
As Epidemic Continues. Here
The campus epidemic of an un- University of Illinois authorities last
known respiratory tract infection week were forced to close the medical,
swept on yesterday despite continued dental and pharmacy schools because
efforts of the Health Service to check an epidemic described as "mild influ-
it. The disease continues to affect enza" has affected one-fourth of the
about 15 students daily. students and faculty in those schools.
The number of students affected Chicago health officials were con -
during the 10 days of the epidemic templating closing public schools
runs well into the hundreds, not throughout the city.
runsingelludinto the hundr led, nto Reports rumored that the epidemic
counting students who have failed to might be a reoccurrence of the serious
report to the Health Service. "Spanish influenza" of 1919, but this
Hope for quick curbing of the epi- was denied by Dr. Forsythe.
demic was dimmed yesterday when Meanwhile students continued to
Health Service doctors reported they flock to the Health Service only to be
knew little or nothing about the na- turned away for lack of facilities,

Illinois Relays Draw Hoytmen;
Cagers Seek Victory In Chicago,

ryouts To Be Held
'or NewDaily Staffn
ryouts will be held in the Publi-
ons building at 1:30 p.m. today
a new department which will be
anized in The Daily this semester.
his department which will con-
t the exchange work of the news-
er, including indexing and filing,
function under the direction of a
ried exchange editor. Compe-
>n for the editorship will be con-
ted until May when, the regular
ly appointments are made.
idemic Keeps 50,000
n - e .1,,

A crippled Michigan basketball
squad takes the floor at Chicago to-
night grimly intent upon salvaging
something from the wreck that was
once their Big Ten title-race aspira-
tions. Chicago's last place Maroons'
are the opposition and as one ardent
fan has put it-"if we can't beat Chi-
cago, we can't beat anybody."
It may not be as simple as all that,
however. Even though the MaroonsI
have won but one game this season,
they have not been beaten badly and
this may be their night to cut loose.
Certainly the Wolverines will not
win on luck. Their luck has been all,
bad thus far. Tonight they will be
without the services of ace center
Jim Rae, who injured his back again
in last Monday's Illinois game; re-
serve center John Nicholoson is also
at home sick, and two men have been
taken by ineligibility.
Forward Tom Harmon, the Michi-
gan scoring leader, will head the
Wolverine drive for victory number
three. Harmon is sixth in Conference
scoring at present with 64 points and

With the Illinois Relays acting as
the magnet, 28 Michigan trackmen
along with some 450 other athletes
from 40 midwest colleges and univer-
sities are drawn to Champaign today
for the sixteenth annual running of
the "nation's largest indoor track
The squad, larger by six men than
Coach Charlie Hoyt took along to the
carnival last year, looms even strong-
er than that of a year ago which
dominated the individual events and
placed high in the relay events.'
Defending individual champions
are Elmer Gedeon in the 75-yard high
hurdles, Capt. Bill Watson in the
shot put, and Wes Allen in the high
Wolverine combinations will be
entered in five of the relay events on
the program, and all have excellent
chances of taking down champion-
The defending Michigan cham-
pionship 320-yard shuttle hurdles
team of Elmer Gedeon, Stan Kelley,
John "Hootchie" Kutsche and Shbrm

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