THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SATUW AY, APRML 1, 1939
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
- - ..
- -.tA c ~o~ wn tm.~x
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Published every morning except Monday during the
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Book Editor . . -..
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Robert I. Fitzhenry
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Women's Business Manager . . Helen Jean Dean
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NIGHT EDITOR: MALCOLM E. LONG
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Fight Nazi Threat ..
D ISPATCHES from Warsaw yesterday
reported that students at Lwow
(Lemberg) University adopted a resolution
pledging themselves to devote one month of
the summer vacation without pay to building
fortifications on the German frontier.
The students of Poland have given their
answer to a "threat of fascism. Their action has
been dictated by the threat of violation of their
country's territorial integrity. They had no al-
ternative but to build, and perhaps to fight in,
fortifications against the enemy.
The necessity has not yet arisen for American
students to build actual fortifications against
fascism. Yet the need exists for defense mechan-
isms against fascism even in the universities of
the country. These defense mechanisms, if they
are built right now, will obviate the necessity
of building fortifications against fascism later.
One of these defense mechanisms is seen on
this campus in the All-Campus peace committee,
which is sponsoring a strike against war April
20. The program of this committee recognizes
that fascist aggression is the real war danger to-
day and that "appeasement" and isolation mean
selling out to fascismi. Support of the All-Cam-
pus peace strike means strengthening of inter-
nal defense mechanisms now so- that we will never
have to give up a month of our vacations to
building fortifications against fascist aggressors.
The Umbrella Man;
How Does He Remain?.. .
NOTHING is so exasperating and
seemingly so inexplicable as the con-
tinued incumbency of Neville Chamberlain as
Britain's Prime Minister whose blundering in-
eptness (or is it deliberate policy?) is more and
more clearly revealed as Germany continues to
rumble and roar.
Realists in this country are asking them-
selves in a painfully repititious fashion why it is
that England's people do not take the umbrella
man and kick him out with all his baggage of
Henderson, Halifax% and the other sorry carica-
tures of democratic diplomats which make up'
His Majesty's government.
There are many reasons of course why the
Birmingham burgher and his clique are not
thrown out headfirst, but Kingsley Martin, edi-
tor of the New Statesman and Nation indirectly
gives one of the most important and probable
In an article in a recent New Republic on
Britain's press, Martin presents some points
which, while they may not be new, deserve to
be cited here because of the importance of empha-
sizing one of the terrifying problems which
face citizens in a democratic nation-the main-
tenance of a free press.
It is not new, though it is strange, that issues
of Time magazine have been kept from the
English bookstalls, that English films are cen-
sored for political reasons, that one of England's
a free press in England depends on the structure
of the British newspaper industry. Contrary to
the American set-up, the British press is con-
trolled by a few great commercial trusts, and
aside from a few papers like the Manchester
Guardian, liberal daily, and the Yorkshire Post,
conservative journal, the great-circulation pa-
pers are controlled and directed by London.
The vast majority of English people, Martin
says, read the Rothermere press, or the Beaver-
brook press, or Lord Southwood's Daily Herald,
the News-Chronicle and the rest of the "so-called
Cocoa Press," or the Camrose press. Since the
number of individuals who control the English
press is small, and since the owners have inter-
ests inextricably tied to those of the Chamberlain
ministry, it is not a matter of difficulty of coer-
cion to hush-hush opposition to the Chamber-
Where willful and deliberate policy of the
concentrated control of the English press does
not succeed in muzzling the journals, strict libel
and "disaffection" laws manage to scare silence
into them. Thus under the Incitement to Dis-
affection Act, a printer whose views may be
entirely opposed to the periodical which he
prints, is held liable before the law for what
issues from his presses. Under this act, a man
may be convicted, according to Martin, for his
presumed intention; "He may be held guilty of
an offense if he has in his possession literature
which the court holds that he intended to pub-
lish and which might make a soldier or sailor
seditious or mutinous if it were shown to him."
Ths act plus the Official Secrets Acts with its
provisions for punishing the imparter and the
receiver of any information obtained during
the course of one's tenure of office under the
Crown, and the power of compulsory interro-
gation which are given to the police can place
any reporter or editor on trial as though he
were a spy "if at any time he divulges some-
thing, it may even be inadvertently, which the
government does not wish to see published."
"Britannia," they say, "waives the rules"-the
rules which made her the oldest and strongest
large democracy of modern times.
By JAMES DOLL
(Editor's Note: James Doll, who designed the set-
tings and costumes for the current production of
"Two Gentlemen of verona," is writing about them
in this space. Mr. Doll was formerly Drama Editor of
The Daily and is now Art Director for the Detroit
Federal Theatre.-N. K.)
Settings And Costumes
Costumes and settings for most -good plays
should be merely a means to help the director
and actors in conveying a playwright's intentions
to an audience. They have no right to intrude
themselves on an audience except perhaps in a
Settings, especially for Shakespeare, should be
functional. Scene must follow scene withoutj
pause if the flow of comedy is not to be inter-
rupted or if the tragedy is allowed to accumulate.j
The audience must not be given a moment to
come back to reality and realize it is in a theatre.
In a modern play in many scenes the play-
wright consciously or subconsciously allows for
a pause. And if the settings are at all realistic
there must be a pause no matter how many
mechanical devices of the modern theatre are
used. Shakespeare wrote his plays for continu-
ous performance. Consequently scenes as a rule
are not built to an effective "curtain." And there
is no filler at the beginning of scenes to give the
audience a chance to look at elaborate settings
and other paraphernalia.
Furthermore, when Shakespeare and the other
Elizabethans want us to know the locale, they
tell us. Many times it is not mentioned because
it is not important. Probably the playwright him.
self had no idea where the action was supposed
to be taking place. This is especially true of the
frequent scenes in plays where the First and
Second Gentlemen describe the plot or comment
on it. Such scenes might be supposed to be taking
place in a street, a corridor, or an ante-room.
Actually they are merely taking place on the
forestage of an Elizabethan playhouse.
That is why a primarily functional arrange-
ment of curtains and levels was used in the
current production of "Two Gentlemen of Ver-
ona." Such an arrangement must always be a
collaboration with the director who, in the pro-
cess of studying how he wants to play his play
on the stage, will decide where he wants his
scenes to play and how he wants them to relate
to each other. After such an arrangement is de-
cided upon, it,-is decidedly of secondary import-
ance what the settings look like. Of course, if
they can help define the mood and style of the
play so much the better.
In the Two Gentlemen the settings are decora-
tive because the play itself has this quality. It
is decorative as to language and style and highly
romantic as to character. In its main plot' it
relates more closely to the convention of love
poetry of the period than to the theatre. In its
comedy scenes, of course, it is purely of the
theatre and based on a long tradition.
Costumes, too, help to define the mood of a
play. But they are more intimately associated
with an actor's individual performance than
settings are. A costume is merely inanimate ma-
terial that must be brought to life by an actor
and made a part of his performance. This iS
as true of the rags worn by a Dead-End kid as
it is of an elaborate creation worn by a star
in a period play. The designer, of course, must
consider them as a part of his whole scheme.
In they current production, Elizabethan cos-
tumes are used. Any others would seem to me
.by David Lawrence-
WASHINGTON, March 24.-Far from healthy
is the situation which has just been precipitated
between the President and some of the Demo-
cratic lcaders in Congress. It is not just a piece of
ordinary friction between the executive and leg-
islative branches of the government, but a contro-
versy which is deeply rooted ,in the entire busi-
ness situation confronting a nation which might
well be striving not only for national unity in
troublous times of international stress, but for
economic recovery as a social and humanitarian
The statement issued by Chairman Eccles of
the Federal Reserve Board apropos of the dif-
ference of opinion between Congress and the
President is in some respects one of the most
remarkable that has come from a key executive
in the Federal establishment. It is as forthright
as it is unprecedented.
For Mr. Eccles concedes that a majority of
both houses of Congress believe business recovery
can come from a curtailment of expenditures and
a balanced budget and he whallenges the legisl-
tive leadership to go ahead and cut the budget.
He says that, believing as he does in democracy,
the majority should have its way, much as he
disagrees that budget cutting can produce the
Executive Branch A Minority
What Mr. Eccles is saying in effect is that the
position of the executive branch of the govern-
ment is a minority viewpoint. In a parliamentary
government, of course, under analogous circum-
stances, the executive would resign and make
way for an administration in harmony with the
majority of the legislators. As head of the Fed-
eral Reserve Board, Mr. Eccles occupies a posi-
tion of large responsibility, and his discussion is
not related to party politics or factional strife.
He has defended "deficit spending" as an emer-
gency measure and has indicated that, until
private spending is able to take care of the un-
employed, the maintenance of purchasing power
through continued public spending is logical and
Mr. Eccles knows enough about politics, how-
ever, and the operations of pressure groups to be-
lieve that a budget cutting program offered in
Cngress will hardly materialize. So far as spend-
ing is concerned, the record of Congress is just
as extravagant as that of any executive. It prob-
ably would have been a better way for Mr.
Eccles to have stated the situation had he an-
nounced that Congress feels the impact of Ameri-
can public opinion, which wants spending
stopped, but does not have the nerve to curtail
There would have been nothing new in such an
assertion, for Congress has not taken the matter
of appropriations in hand heretofore.. Senator
Byrd of Virginia, Democrat, has been persistent-
ly pointing out the danger of lump sum appro-
priations and wants Congress to take back its
power to appropriate for specific items.
But the Virginia Senator, like Senator Pat
Harrison, chairman of the Senate Finance Com-
mittee, feels that the budget cutting should not
be a case of small boy tactics, with one side try-
ing to put the other in the hole. Both these Sena-
tors and others on Capitol Hill are saying there
ought definitely to be cooperation between the-
Democrats on Capitol Hill and the White House.
Evidently the conferences which have been held
thus far are not regarded as "cooperative," but as
merely a reflection of the battle that is going on
as between the proponents of "deficit financing,"
and the "budget balancers."
Situation. Reaching Climax
Recently it has been apparent that even the
school of thought which wants spending reduced
is not arguing for an immediate balancing of the1
budget, but wants to see a definite trend in that
direction established-a reversal of the tide of
public spending. If this is to be the policy, the
Administration insists that a start should not be
made on the relief rolls, but in other fields of
expenditure, yet, the moment any particular,
series of appropriations is touched, there is a
hue and cry from those affected.
The situation here is rapidly coming to a cli--
max because these months are crucial ones for
the Democrats, The Republicans, in rather sar-
donic glee, think that the more the DemocratsJ
fight among themselves, the more disgusted will
public opinion become as it demands a complete
change in government in the elections next year.
If the Republicans-had been mischievously plan-
ning it, they could not have wished for a better
exhibition of how not to run the majority party,
which has the full responsibility in the eyes of
the people for the present business situation.
The Academic Trek
Dr. Walter A. Jessup, in the twenty-third an-
nual report of the Carnegie Foundation for the
Advancement of Teaching, of which he is presi-
dent, presents a picture of the college population
of today that will be surprising to many, though
it is in character with the high mobility of life
in general. This is suggested by a paragraph in
which he discusses the problem of the "mobile
student." For the college students are "one the
move." They go from institution to institution,
or out into the world, in a constant stream.
"Theoretically," says Dr. Jessup, a student enters
the freshman class and proceeds to his gradua-
tion at the end of the fourth year. But in reality
+h cen a i +h rvir v C-1 ,rv; -..C . I
(Editor's Note: Junior is in again.)
MY faith in beauty cohtests has
been restored! Ever since the
judge at the state fair told my beam-
ing mother I should have been en-
tered in the livestock exhibit (under
"pigs") rather than the most beau-
tiful baby selection, I have had a
deep burning disdain for all such
phony contests. It was more or less
of a passive dislike, however, until
the spark was fanned into an active
distrust by the Ice Carnival Beauty
Queen hoax. If Jack Brennan is a
beauty queen then I had no right
copping top honors as a prime pig.
But now my faith in beauty con-
tests has been restored. Once again
the blue ribbon can take its place in
the symbolic heaven as standing for
something other than beer. Yessir,
when they pin that old blue ribbon
on Eli, the Beta bulldog, as the reign-
ing campus beauty it will signify
a return to gullibility, a casting off
of a skepticism that has caused me
to even question the right of way.
Editorial commitments prevent
me from campaigning in Eli's behalf,
but the mere fact that he (I think it's
he) has been recognized and is in the
running is enough. Beauty is no field
in which to draw mentality lines, and
we are glad that bigotry and preju-
dice have at last been removed.
When contacted last night for a
statement, Eli (who was humming
a couple of bars from "Trees," his
campaign song) was non-committal.
Naturally, he said, he was pleased by
the whole thing, and if selected, would
do his utmost to get on Harry Wis-
mer's Casino of the Stars program.
With that note, he dove into the gar-
bage can for his evening facial.
T IR. FARLEY'S agent brought the
I have lost faith with my land-
lady! The old hag cornered me
as I was going out to lunch. Her
watery blue eyes boiled with in-
dignation as she told me the rent
had been due on the 16th. Stam-
mering fool that I was, I should
have asked her for sheets that I
couldn't mistake for mosquito
netting; I should have recom-
mended her to a vacuum cleaner
salesman, etc. I should have
known: instead of a crackling
"good morning" I got only silence.
The fact that she caught me
washing my socks probably
helped strain our so friendly rela-
tions (when I engaged the room).
There is no fire-escape that I can
use in coming or leaving.Damn
CONVERSATION piece: The stu-
dentwhstood in front of the
Union ballot box yesterday asking in
an embarrassed voice: "Do you think
they'll count it? I forgot to sign it."
* * *
OVERHEARD department: In a
"Well, it looks like war."
"Yeah, and I'll be glad. It'll break.
"Uh huh," returned the other
dreamily, "but I do hope they have
good beer over there."
* * *
ASIDE Lines to Sec: You can take
the day off tomorrow also as I'
have some more dope on Louis Unter-
meyer to report. Incidentally, he
liked very much that little "Looie
thing" we printed last week.
Time was, and not so very long ago,
when to profess a belief in American-
ism was a simple statement .clearly
defining one's political philosophy.
The significance of such a statement
was as obvious as an expression of a
belief in Christianity or in mother
But things have grown more com-
plex, if one is to accept any of the
numerous definitions of American-
ism advanced by certain groups loudly
claiming a monopoly on this trait. The
groups referred to have one thing in
common and that is a prerequisite
requiring anyone subscribing to their
particular brand of Americanism to
hate those persons and things which
stand for beliefs opposing their own
and to suppress every manifestation
of these opposing views. They are
also alike in that they pursue their
opposition with an obsession that
Whatever Americanism may mean,
by no stretch of the imagination can
it embrace any group founded on
hatred, whether that hatred be direc-
ted against Jew, against Christian
or even against Communist or Nazi.
No group can subscribe to 100 per
cent Americanism unless it likewise
subscribes to the principle of toler-
ance for the rights of minorities so
clearly stated by the Bill of Rights.
Such tolerance does not imply su-
pine acceptance of onosina views nor
(Continued from Page 2)
be open all day Saturday and Mon-
day afternoon from 3 to 5 p.m. to
Attention University Employees:
Whenever possible charge all personal
long-distance telephone calls and
telegrams placed through the Univer-
sity telephone system, to your resi-
dent phone. Herbert G. Watkins.
1939 Mechanical Engineers and
Graduates: Your attention is called
to the notice on the bulletin board
regarding the visit of the representa-
tive of the Saginaw Steering Gear
Division of General Motors.
The Cap and Gown Committee has
chosen Moe's 711 N. University, as its
headquarters. It advises fittings be-
fore spring vacation. No deposit is
necessary. $1.50 is required when
the cap and gown are picked up.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
Michigan Civil Service Examinations:
Institution Band Music Director,
salary range: $130-150, April 7.
Housekeeper, salary range $95-110,
Highway Electrical Engineer, sal-
ary range, $325-385, April 13.
Complete announcements are on
file at the University Bureau of Ap-
pointments and Occupational Infor-
mation, 201 Mason Hall; office hours:
9-12 and 2-4.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
United States Civil Service Examina-
tion. Last date for filing of applica-
Junior Observer in Meteorology $1,-
440, April 17.
The complete announcement is on
file at the University Bureau of Ap-
pointments and Occupational Infor-
mation, 201 Mason Hall. Office Hours:
9-12 and 2-4.
Military Ball: Tickets now on sale
at Regimental Council office, West1
-Engine Annex, for Advanced Course
and Reserve Officers. Office will be
open 2 to 5 p.m. today and every
afternoon next week. No reservation
of tickets will be made.
English 150 and 298 (Playwriting).
Mr. Loughran will read his play at
the meeting next Monday night,
April 3. Kenneth Rowe.
All June Graduates in the College
of Architecture, Schools of Educa-
tion, Forestry, and Music should fill
in grade request cards at Room 4
U.H. between April 3 and April 7.
Those failing to file these cards will
assume all responsibility for late
grades which may prohibit gradua-
Final Doctoral Examination of Mr.
Yuan Lay will be held on Saturday,
April 1, at 2 p.m. in the East Council
Room, Rackham Building. Mr. Lay's
field of specialization is mathematics
and the title of his thesis: "The Im-]
bedding of the Skew Part of a Bili-
near Function in Linear Associative
Algebra." Professor G. YmRainich,
as Chairman of the Committee, will
conduct the, examination. By de-
cision of the Executive Board, thel
Chairman has the privilege of invit-
ing members of the faculties and ad-
vanced doctoral candidates to attend
the examination and to grant permis-1
sion to others who might wish to be1
present. C. S. Yoakum.,
Student Recital. Ruth Krieger,'
Seattle, Washington, violoncellist, will
give a. recital in partial fulfillment
for the requirements of the degree
Master of Music, Monday, April 3, at
8:15 o'clock, in the School of Music
Auditorium on Maynard Street. Celia
Chao will play her piano accompani-
ments. The general public is invited
Exhibition, College of Architecture:
The premiated drawings submitted
in the national competition for the
Wheaton College Art Center are be-
ing shown in the third floor Exhibi-
tion Room, College of Architecture.
Open daily, 9 to 5, except Sundays,
through April 4. The public is cor-
Exhibition of Modern Book Art:
Printing and Illustration, held under
the sponsorship of the Ann Arbor Art
Association. Rackham Building,
third floor Exhibition Room; daily
except Sunday, 8 a.m. to 10 p.m.; onl
view through Saturday, April 1.
Exhibition of Paintings by David
Fredenthal and TTHln Mav .hnwn
4, at 4:15 p.m. in the Rackham Lec-
ture Hall under the auspices of the
Institute of Fine Arts.
Harland Danner, Michigan athlete,
will present a lecture on "Life with
the Lacandones" at the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre, Wednesday, April
5, at 8:15 p.m. This lecture will be
illustrated with motion pictures tak-
en during Danner's recent visit
among the primitive Lacandone n-
dian tribe of southern Mexico. Tick-
ets will be on reserve at the box of-
fice Monday, Tuesday, and Wednes-
day. This lecture, sponsored by La
Sociedad Hispanica, will be in Eng-
The Angell Hall Observatory will be
open to the public from 8 to 10 on
Saturday evening, April 1. The moon
and selected stars will be shown
through the telescopes. Children
must be accompanied by adults.
The Bach B Minor Mass, as record-
ed by the London Philharmonic So-
ciety will be played at Lane Hall this
afternbon at 3:30 (first half), and
this evening at 8:00. There will be
scores for those who wish to follow
the music. All students are welcome.
Roger Williams Guild, tonight,
6:15 p.m., at Haunted Tavern; 33rd
Annual Banquet. Special guest and
speaker, Mr. William H. Genne, Stu-
dent Secretary and Director of Men's
Activities for Michigan State Col-
lege, at People's Church, East Lan-
sing. For reservations, call 7332.
The Michigan Dames Bridge Group
cordially invite all married students
to a mixed bridge party at 8 p.m.
tonight at the Michigan League. If
interested call Mrs. Bacon 23022 or
Mrs. Riley 3839.
German Table for Faculty Mem-
bers: The regular luncheon meeting
will be held Monday at 12:10Op.m. in
the Founders' Room of the Michigan
Union. All faculty members interest-
ed in speaking German are cordially
invited. There will be a brief infor-
mal talk by Dr. Hans Hecht on,
"Die praktische Durchfuhrung des
Sterilisationsgesetzes in Deutsch-
Faculty, College. of Engineering:
There will be a meeting of the Facul-
ty on Monday, April 3, at 4:15 p.m.,
in Room 348, West Engineering Bldg.
The program for this meeting in-
cludes the consideration of a recom-
mendation from the Committee on
Scholastic Standing as to Honor
Points for graduation and for the
Home List; a report from the Stand-
ing Committee, and routine business.
Faculty, School of Education: The
regular luncheon meeting of the fac-
ulty will be held Monday noon, April
3, at 12:15, Michigan Union.
The Women's Research Club will
meet Monday, April 3, 1939 at the
Univerity Hospital. Please meet
promptly at 7:30 in Room 1016 of
the Hospital. The speakers will be
Miss Dorothy Ketcham and Miss Dor-
Junior Research Club. The April
Physics, will speak on "Auditory Fa-
4, at 7:30 p.m. in the Amphitheatre
of the Rackham.Building.
Mr. R. H. Nichols, Department- of
hysics, will speak on "Auditory Fa-
tigue with Reference to Measurement
of Subjective Harmonics," and Pro-
fessor H. L. Kohler, Department of
Mechanical Engineering, will speak
on "Recent Advances in Piston Ring
The Graduate Education Club will
meet Monday, April 3, at 4 o'clock
in the Graduate Education Library,
University Eelementary. School. Dr.
Fritz Redl and Dr. George Myers will
speak on Guidance. All graduate
students taking work in Education
are cordially invited to attend. Re-
freshments will be served.
Eta Kappa Nu: Meeting in the
Union on Sunday, April 2, 7 p.m. for
actives and 7:30 p.m. for pledges.
Room will be posted.
Eastern Engineering Trip: The $21
prepayment for the trip must be
paid to Miss Bannasch, Room 274,
West Engineering Bldg., Monday or
Tuesday, April 3 or 4.
Gallery Talk by Mr. Jean Paul
Slusser on the Exhibition of Paint-
ings by Helen May and David Fred-
enthal, presented by the Ann Arbor
Art Association; Alumni Memorial
Hall, Sunday, April 2, at 3:30 p.m.
Choral Union Rehearsal. The re-
hearsal of the Choral Union on Sun-
fsa Apri 9 o ril mh f. -4.1wo
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the University.
Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President until 3:30 P.M.;
11:00 A.M. on Saturday.