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March 31, 1939 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1939-03-31

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So Should
Ohio's Senate...
War Referendumi
Bill: Pro...

XLIX. No. 132

Z-323

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, MARCH 31, 1939

PRICE V

!_U

Senior Honor
Societies Tap
Junior Women
In Ceremony

Spanish Nationalist Police
Rout Lingering Opposition

Total Captives Number 600,000,

As Martial LawI

Reigns In Madrid; Republican Defense Council
Taken After Miaja Escapes To Algeria

N

y Council NamedI
tallation Banquet;
e Officers Chosen
piored Initiates
Varied Talent
oard and Senior Society
inior women for member-
League Installation Ban-
ght, and three new Judi-
il members, the three vice
ind the chairmen of the
ng committees of the
e named.
inior women in the order
apped by Mortar Board,
nor society for seniors,
Haislip, Ellen Redner,
e, Alberta Wood, Roberta
n McKay, Phyllis Mc-
n Vicary, Dorothy Nich-
Shipman, Betty Brooks,
Zenovia Skoratko, An-
ge, Roberta Leete, Mary
ek, Frances Kahrs, Flor-
rton and Mary Honeck-

MADRID, March .30.-(P)-Nation-
alist authorities imposed stern meas-
ures today to crush any lingering Re-
publican, opposition to the Civil War
victors.
A technical state of war (in effect,
martial law) was decreed in Madrid
for a transitory period and military
courts were given jurisdiction over all
crimes committed during the 32-
month conflict,.
Police began rounding up persons
listed in a huge card index compiled
by "the fifth column"-Nationalist
agents and sympathizers-through-
out the war.
More than 100,000 prisoners have
been taken during the last two days,
swelling the Nationalists' total num-
ber of captives to 600,000. They in-
cluded all members of the Republican
National Defense Council except
General Jose Miaja.
General Miaja escaped by flying
to Algeria. His. defense minister, Gen.
Segismundo Casado, who was arrested
in Valencia, and his Foreign Min-
ister, Julian Besteiro, were taken to
Burgos.
Madrilenos were warned by posters
that failure to surrender firearms,
explosives and incendiary and poison-
ous materials within 24 hours would
mean summary court martial and
possibly death.
The advocate general ordered every
civilian having knowledge of crimes
committed "during or after the Red

Senior Society List
Senior Society, honor society for'
independent senior women, chose the
following junior -women for member-
ship: Maxine Baribeau, Janet Clark,
Jane Dunbar, Gladys Engel, Roslyn
Fellman, Betty Gross, Mary Honeck-
er, Ellen Krieghoff,, Patricia Mat-
thews, Phyllis McGeachy, Roberta
Moore, Jane Mowers, Dorothy Nichols,
Suzanne Potter, Ellen Redner, Mary
Frances Reek, Alberta Royal, Miss
Skoratko and Betty Slee.
Membership in both societies is on
the basis of scholarships leadership
and service. Mortar Board requires a
.3 scholastic average above the all
campus average, bringing the stand-
ard this year to 1.82 by the old sys-,
tem and 2.82 by the new.
The three vice presidents of the
League were announced by Miss Ship-
man, presiden~t: They are Ela .Stowe,,
'40, who will be in charge of dancing
classes; Miss O'Roke, '40, head of the
ballroom; and Phyllis McGeachy, '40,
chairman of the League candy booths.
Vice Presidents Chosen
Miss Stowe, a member of Delta
Gamma, was dance chairman of
Sophomore Cabaret, assistant dance
chairman of Junior Girls Play, a

dance a
s for F

an Pro-
e social

the League.
if Kappa Kappa Gam-
ern, Miss O'Roke was
c Banquet chairman in
nember of the central
last year's Lantern
ok part in J.G.P., and
W.A.A. sports manager.
chy has acted as Ori-
or. She was a member
f Sophomore Cabaret,
.ssembly Banquet, and
J.P. She is a staff mem-
Iichiganensian, and a
League social commit-
s was named senior
liciary Council by Miss
i She was a member of
staff of the Gargoyle
Sbooth committee last
nued on Page 5)
Women
6n Awards

Economy Bloc
Attacks House
Relief Measure
Need For $150,000,000
AdditionalAppropriation
Shown ByRep. Cannon
WASHINGTON, March 30.-P)-(gp
A crucial fight on the question of
additional relief funds for this year
began today on the House floor,
where critics raked WPA with charges
of "waste and extravagance" and de-
fenders of the agency declared it must
have $150,000,000 to put "more food
on the tables of the undernourished."
At first leaders believed they might'
obtain a vote on the question tonight,
\but later decided to recess the House
and put the showdown over until to-
morrow.
The President had asked $150,000,-
000 to carry WPA through June but
the House appropriations committtee
cut the figure to $100,000,000. While
most democratic members of the
"economy bloc" appeared ready to
vote for the $100,000,000, Representa-
tive Taber (Aep.-N.Y.) declared that
if WPA would eliminate waste no
further appropriation for this year
would be needed.
Debate on the bill was preceded by
a stormy battle over the procedure to.
be followed. The Rules Committee,
proposed that there be four hours
general debate and that amendments
be restricted to changes in the amount
of the appropriation.
Representative Martin (Rep-Mass.),
the Republican leader, spoke angrily
of "arrogant gag-rule." New Dealers
also objected vigorously to certain
phases of the suggested procedure on
the ground it would not permit a
record vote on the question of in-
creasing the appropriation.
From Representative Woodrum
(Dem.-Va.), a leader of the economy
bloc, came a frank admission that
the procedure was "stringent" and
might even be termed "gag rule,'" but
he said that such procedure frequent-
ly was good for the country. In the
end the Rules Committee suggestions
were approved.
Entries Still Accepted
For Last Bridge Tourney
Entries for 'the last of a series of
three all-campus bridge tournaments
held during the current school year
are still being accepted at the League
and Union main desks, it was an-,
nounced yesterday by James Wills,
'40E, Union publicity chairman. The
tournament will be held from 7:30
to 10 p.m. Tuesday in the main ball-
room of the Union.

(Republican) Regime" to report im-
mediately to military tribunals on
pain of punishment provided by the
State of War edict.
Gen. Espinosa De Los Monteros,
who proclaimed the state of war, told
Madrid that Generalissimo Francisco
Franco's forces brought "peace, 'order,
pardon and affection" and persons
rigorously observing the terms of the
proclamation had no reason to be
frightened.
He gave a list of offenses which he
said would be punished by death:
,Possession of unauthorized radio
transmitters or receivers and receipt
of news adverse to the Nationalist
cause.
Firing from a house; the porter or
occupants of the floor from which
shots are fired will be responsible
unless proved innocent.
Robbing, sacking and pillaging. ,
Sabotage of mails, telegraphs, tele-,
phones, railways, street cars, sub-';
ways, factories, and electricity, water;
service and industrial installations.
Those charge with the following
crimes are to be tried by military
courts:
Insulting the armed forces, spread-
ing reports or subversive propaganda
against the Nationalists, publishing,
possession or distributing tendentious
propaganda, interrupting the normal
functioning of labor through strikes
or otherwise, false accusations and
meeting without authorization in
groups of more than three persons.
Ruthven Talks
On Tolerance,
Quartet Sings Over CBS;
Choir Series Ends
The question of tolerance will be
reviewed from a religious aspect by
President Ruthven on a national
hook-up of the Columbia Broadcast-
ing System at 9 a.m. Sunday.
President Ruthven's speech will
mark the final broadcast of the Join;
the Choir series for the current sea-E
son. In addition to the tolerance dis-;
cussion will be the regular Sunday
morning quartet, the Men's Varsity
Glee Club under the direction ofJ
Prof. David Mattern of the School
of Music, and the Carillon.
Dr. Joseph E. Maddy, professor of
radio music instruction, director of,
the program, points out, the timeli-
ness of Dr. Ruthven's topic in view
of the activities of the Student Re-
ligous Association and the Student
Senate in this field.
Hymns, sung by the quartet, will{
be accompanied by Sydney F. Giles,
University guest carillonneur, by
means of a special wire from the.
Carillon tower. Members of the quar-
tet' are Jean Westerman, Miriamn
Westerman, '41, Donn Chown; Grad,
and ,Warren Foster.

11 Duce Hurls
Defiant Threat
Of Expansion
Gayda Attacks Daladier's
Speech On Italo-French
Colonial Disagreement
France Signs Trade
Pact With Rumania
ROME, March 30.-(P)--Prehier
Mussolini served notice today that
Italy "does not intend to remain a
prisoner in the Mediterranean" bt
failed to indicate how far she in-
tended to expand.
Fascism's newspaper spokesman,
Virginio Gayda, meanwhile sounded
the keynote of Italian reaction to
French Premier Daladier's address of
last night by declaring Daladier tend-
ed to "shut tight the half-closed
door" to negotiations over Italo-
French differences.
Il Duce spoke briefly in Cosenza,
where he laid the cornerstone of a
new normal school, during an in-
spection, trip in the southern end of
the Italian mainland.
Gayda, whose editorial reaction to
Daladier's speech appeared in Il
Giornale d'Italia, declared that de-
spite the fading hopes for Italo-
French negotiations, "Italy is not im-
patient."
"She can wait and she waits," he
wrote.
He went on to suggest that such
patience might well be decisive in
showing the justice of the Italian
claims.
"It is very clear by now," he con-
tinued, "that the French govern-
ment does not wish to discuss further
either territories or rights. It wishes
to separate itself from Italy and stif-
fen itself with its 'never."'~
The editor accused France of a
"wave of hard persecutions" of Itali-
ans in Tunisia, French North African
protectorate, contradicting Daladier's
declaration that they were well treat-
ed and happy.
French-Rumanian Trade
Pact Aids Anti Hitler Bloc
PARIS, March 31.-(Friday)-()
-France, working with Britain to
stop Adolf Hitler in eastern Europe,
early today initialled a commercial
accord with Rumania and was re-
ported to have invited Foreign Min-
ister Joseph'Beck of Poland to Paris
after his London talks next week.
The commercial accord, initialled
at the foreign office by leaders of the
French and Rumanian trade delega-
tions, doubled French purchases of
Rumanian oil and slashed 60 per cent
off French import duties on Rumani-
an agricultural products.
The French-Eumanian trade ac-
cord was considered here as a check
against trade expansion in Rumania
by Germany, which gained major
concessions through a five-year com-
mercial accord with the Bucharest
government last Wednesday.
Sources close to the foreign office
said Beck had been invited to Pars
immediately after his trip to London
and had accepted. He is scheduled to
reach London Monday night.

Students' Cabaret
Tonight To Raise
Magazine Money
Dramatics, music of all types and
shagging that will content the jitteri-
est of the jitterbugs are only a few
of the items on the program for the
New Masses Cabaret to be held at
9 p.m. tonight at 209 S. State St.
Run for the purpose of raising
money for New Masses magazine, the
cabaret will utilize talent from De-
troit and from the campus in offering
the most unique evening's entertain-
ment that this University community
has seen in many a day.
1 Members of the Contemporary
Theatre in Detroit will present four
skits-"Romeo from Tokia," "Brit-
tania Waives the Rules," "Physical
Culture" and "Joe Worker Gets
Gypped.''
Margaret Mattews, '39SM, whose
voice, according to a "reliable source"
is very hot indeed will offer a bit of
"The Swing Mikado" and one Shep-
low will do a Dwight Fiske piano
number "If Gilbert and Sulliva ~
Were Elinor Glyn."
Edward Jurist, '39, of Play Pro-
duction fame, will do a Robert Ben-
chley number "Aristotle and the Mod-'
ern Theatre" while Karl Klauser and
Art Klein will offer selections from
Louis Macneice's "Out of the Pic-
ture."
Iri addition there will be offered
a "from spirituals to swing" con-
cert including records and programs
from the famous Carnegie Hall Con-
cert and an exhibition of automatic
paintings by a certain Henri who
"never took a lesson in my life."
The cabaret is sponsored by the
Save the New Masses Committee.
Tickets can be obtained at the Book
Room, 308 State Street.
Campus Votes
Kiphe Fourth
In Clown Poll
Two dark horses appeared on the
scene of yesterday's Michiiganensian
popularity election when Harry Kip-'
te, erstwhile Regency candidate, took
fourth place in the race for campusj
clown and Eli, Beta's dog, received
12 votes to put it in fifth place as
campus beauty.
With nearly twice the number of
votes of the second contesting candi-t
date, Prof. Mentor Williams of the
English department remained far in
the lead in the third day of voting
for the most popular professor. Marcia
Connell, '39, in the meantime nosed
her way up from third place to first
for campus beauty with a substantial
margin of 9 votes ahead of Margaret
Cram, '40.
In the race for campus clown Jack
Brennan, '39, and Max Hodge, '39,
are literally running neck and neck
with Brennan only two votes in the
lead. Bud Benjamin, '39, still retains
his lead over Ralph Heikkinen, '39,
for typical Michigan student.
Final results for the mnost popular
professor, campus clown, campus
beauty and typical student will be de-
cided today,"the last day for voting.
Balloting is taking place in Angell
Hall' Lobby and in the center of the
diagonal.
Second, third and fourth places for
most popular professor remained in
the hands of Prof. Paul Cuncannon of
the political science department, Prof.
Karl Litzenberg of the English de-
partment and Prof. Louis G. Vander
Velde of the history department.

Margaret Cram, '39, fell back to
second place in the contest for cam-
pus beauty queen with Jenny Peter-
sen, '39, and Mary Minor, third and
fourth respectively. Jack Reed and
Bob Reid, '39, remained in third and
fourth places as typical students.
Bruce Elected Head
Of Physicians Group
NEW ORLEANS, March 30.-(P)-
Dr. James D. Bruce of Ann Arbor,
vas designated president-elect of the
American College of Physicians here
oday.
He will assume office at the next
,nnual convention. Meanwhile, Dr.
U. H. Perry Pepper of Philadelphia
assumed the presidency today for the
oming year, succeeding Dr. William
J. Kerr, of Berkeley, Calif.

Anti-Wair trike Policies
Outlined By Pay Bennett
War will surely bring totalitari-
an government to this country,
warned Miss Fay Bennett, of the
American Youth Committee
Against War, to 50 students last
night at Lane Hall.
Outlining the history of the
anti-war strike movement durir4
the last five years, Miss Bennett
said that about 1,000,000 students
on 500 campuses are expected to
participate in this year's strike.
She outlined a plan for an anti-
war strike, set forth the objectives
of the Committee Against War,
and branded France and Great
Britain as "the real aggressors" in
the colonial struggles. She re-3
vealed also that a new strike song
had been written to the tune of
"F.D.R. Jones."7
Roosevet Holds
South Must Be
Self-Supporting
. z . -
President Begins 10-Day
Warm springs Sojourn
After Four Speeches
WARM SPRINGS, Ga., March 30.
-(P)-President 'Roosevelt began a
ten-day vacation at his Pine Moun-
tain cottage here today after assert-
ing in one of four speeches in nearby
Alabama that the South faced the
economic problem of getting "out of
hock to the.North."
From an automobile rostrum before
gray-clad cadets on Alabama, Poly-
technic Institute's Bullard Field, the
Chief Executive again took cogni-
zance of affairs in this part of the
country, which was termed in a New
Deal report the "Nation's economic
problem number one," and asserted:
"I don't believe that the South is
so broke that it cannot put its ownF
capital into the establishment of its
own enterprises."
Declaring when he first came to
Warm Springs nearly 16 years' ago
he had to buy milk and cream, apples,
meat and shoes thathoriginated in
the North and West, he went on to
say there "wasn't very much change
in that system of economy until about
six years ago. It was then we began
to ask ourselves, 'Why is all this
necessary?' 1h
'T think that we have done more
in those six years than in the previous
sixty years all through these southern
states to make them self-supporting,
to give them a balanced economy that
will spell a higher wage scale, a
greater purchasing power and a more
abundant life than they have had in
alk their history."
But, said the President, speaking
informally as in all his talks in east-
ern Alabama during the day, much
remained to be done.
Nazis Criticize'{
Outflow Of Gold
Funk Calls For New Law
On 'Fuehrer Principle'
BERLIN, March 30.-(P)-Spirited
criticism of financial conditions which
permit a vast flow of gold to the
United States marked a speech today
in which Reichsbank President Wal-
ther Funk announced that a new law
would be promulgated soon making
"the Fuehrer principle" the driving
force of Germany's financial system.
Funk said the world was standing

at the parting of the ways-either
it must "surrender to the gold power
of America or accept the new methods
of young, strong, progressive nations"
-meaning Italy and Germany.
"Is a new dance around the golden
calf to begin?" Funk asked. "Will
the world immolate itself on the altar
of the American golden moloch?"
Funk, who also is minister of eco-
nomics, said the new law would give
Relchsfuehrer Hitler supreme author-
itv over the reichsbank.

Student Senate Pr
Regene StrawV

More Than 2,500 Ballots
Are Expected To Be Cast
In Third Annua Election
Polls Open 9 A.M.
Through Afternoon
More than 2,500 students are e -
pected to vote today in t'e cor-
bined Student Senate ,third semi-
annual election an the regency
straw vote.
Names of the six candidates for the
University's Board of Regents were,,
added to the ballot in an unprece-
dented move following adverse criti-
cism of the Senate's condemnation
of candidate Harry G. Kpke, M4ichi-
gan's former head football coach.
A polling place in the lobby of An-
gell Hall ha been added to the orig-
inal list, and will be open for voters
from 2 p.m. to 5:30 p.m., while the
scheduled booth at the League has
been cancelled. Originally announced
polling places, in the corridors of
University Hall, the Engineering
Arch, the Union and the General Li-
brary will be open from 9 a.m. to 5:30
p.m. Identification cards will be
necessary in order to vote.
Instructions Given
Instructions for marking ballots
were issued by Magdol as follows:
"Put the number 1 in the square
before the name of the candidate who
is your first choice for the Student
Senate.
"Put the number 2 before your sec-
ond choice, the number 3 before your
third choice, the number 4 before
your fourth choice and so on, mark-
ing as many as you wish.
"Mark your choices with numbers
only. Do not use an X-mark or your
ballot will not be counted."
Counting will start at 7 p.m. today
in the Publications Building and fin-
al :results are expected to be ready
for tomorrow's Daily. All persons in-
terested in watching. the election
count will be admitted, Magdol said.
Thirty-seven candidates are in the
race for the 16 vacant seats In the
Senate. They are, in the order: they
appear on the ballot:
Candidates Listed
Charles Buck, Socialist; Abraham
James Goodmhan, Independenib-
eral; James Frankel, Human Right-
ist; Robert Ulmer, Human Rightist;
E. William Muehl, Neutrality Pro-
gressive; John A. Huston, Neutrality
Progressive; Clarence Sahlin, Con-
servative; Maurice Hahn; Paul G.
Robertson, Independent; Norman
Rosenfeld, Liberal; Casmir Sojka;
Norma Kaphan, University Coaltion;'
Harry M. Kelsey, University Coali-
tion; Ellen F. Rhea, University Coali-
tion; James W. Kehoe; Arthur Peters,
Young Communist League; Francis
Hourigan, Independent Progressive;
and William R. Beasley, Liberal Con-
servative./
Bud Dober, American Student
Union; Frank Johnson, American
Student Union; Harold Osterweil,
American Student Union; Jack Zu-
bon, American Student Union; Mary
Cummins, American Student Union;
Morris Lichtenstein, American Stu-
dent Union; Hugo Reichard Ameri-
can Student Union; Joseph Gies
American Student Union; Lee Sillin;
Jay Schafrann; Frederick S. Rein-
heimer, Nationalist; Frank A. Dubell;
Blaz A. Lucas, Conservative; Ray-
mond Dwyer, Conservative; Eza.
beth Shaw, Progressive Coalition;
Robert J. Kuhn, Progressive Coali-
tion; Frances Nevin, Progressive Co-
alition; Robert G. Harrington and
Jack Grady,
Band To Give
Sprng Concert

Betty Corell Is Featured
At 80th Anniversary
Betty Corell, well-known trombone
soloist and the presentation of a lov-
ing cup to the winner of the Kappa
Psi musical honor society contest
will highlight the Celebration of'the
80th anniversary of the University
Band on Truesday at their annual
Spring Concert in Hill Auditorium.
No admission will behaMd to the

U. S. -Argentinian Trade
Relations Hit. By Phelps

Scholarships Are Awarded
To Three At Banquet
The three Ethel McCormick schol-
arships of $100 each which are
awarded annually to junior women
were received by Mary Frances Reek,-
'40Ed, Ann Vicary, '40, and Ellen Red-
ner, '40 at the Installation Banquet
held at the League last night.
The scholarships, which are award-
ed on the basis of activities, scholar-
ship, and need, require a scholastic
average of at'least 1.7. The presen-
tation of the scholarships was made
by Sybil Swartout, '39, chairman of
Judiciary Council.
Last year's recipients of the
awards were Jean Holland, '39, Flor-
ence Michlinski, '39, and Grace Wil-
son, '398M.

Lack Of Complementary
Product Needs Allows
Germans To Penetrate
By CARL PETERSEN
The five million dollar trade agree-
ment reached early this week by Ar-
gentina and Germany brings into re-
lief the unsatisfactory trade relations
between the United States and Ar-
gentina which allow Nazi commercial
penetration into the powerful South
American republic, Prof. Dudley M.
Phelps of the business administra-
tion school declared in an interview
yesterday.'
Commercial agreement between the
United States and Argentina is
blocked primarily by a lack at com-
plementary product needs, he said.
While Argentina needs the manufac-
tured goods which the United States
produces, she can pay for them only
in cereals and meat products. In the
United States, however, cereal and

though Argentina and Germany have
reached satisfactory trade / agree-
ments, there is no ideological similar-
ity between them since the leaders
of the country have the democratic
ideal firmly implanted in their po-
litical philosophy.
A second contributory factor in
blocking Argentine-American trade,
he asserted, is the sanitary embargo
which the United States has main-
tained for many years on Argentine
meats. This embargo was put into
effect when the hoof and mouth dis-
ease appeared in Argentine cattle, but
it has long since died out except in
isolated regions. In 1935 a Sanitary
Convention, made up of delegates
from both countries, proposed th t
the embargo be maintained only on,
products from the infected regions.
Aregentina ratified the agreement,
but it was blocked in the United
States Congress by legislators from
the cattle-producing areas.
This sore-spot in Argentine-Ameri-

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