TR E :I'-C. LGIAN DAIL.Y
WEDNESDAY, MARCH-29, 1939
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Sunr * Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republica'tion of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this 4ewspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4.00; by mail, $4.50.
REPRESENTED POR NATIONA.,OOV ERTSIN by
National Advertising Service TIc.
College Pbis.ers Reprcscvi~ve
420 MAODSON AVE. NEw YORK, N. Y.
CHICAGO - BosToN,- Los ANGELES - SAN FRACIxCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1938-39
Board of Editors
Managing Editor . Robert D. Mitchell
Editorial Director . . . Albert P. May10
City Editor . . . Horace W. Gilmore
Associate Editor . . . . Robert Z. itzhenry
Associate Editor . . . . . S. R. Kleiman
Associate Editor . . . . . Robert Perman
Associate Editor . . . . . Earl Oilman
Associate Editor . . . .. William Elvin
Associate Editor . . . , . Joseph P'reedman
Book Editor . . . . . . . Joseph Gies
Women's Editor . . . . . Dorothea Staeber
Sports Editor. . . . . . Bud Benjamin
Business Manager. . . , . Philip W. Buchen
Credit Manager . . . eonard P. segelmaxi
Adverising Manager . William L. Newnan
Women's Business Manager . . Helen Jean Dean
Women's Service Manager . . . Marian A. Baxter
NIGHT EDITOR: STAN M. SWINTON
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Peace Or War
In Bloody Harlan?...
HE AGREEMENT between mine
owners and operators, which brought
-an end to the labor wars in Harlan County, Ken-
tucky after 20 years of violence, expires this
week. On the acceptance or rejection of a new
agreement by the operators hinges the question:
Will it be peace or war in Harlan?
The Harlan coal fields have been one of the
last frontiers in labor's fight to organize. The
resistance of the Harlan capitalists to unionisa-
tion is based not only on the mountaineer's aver-
sion to outside interference, but also on the belief
that to permit unionization is to invite destruc-
The situation is basically this; The rich veins
of coal underlying the mountains, together with
the inherent poverty of the people, made it easy
for the industrialists to exploit the Harlan coal
field and gain enormous profits. The cheap labor
available in Harlan permitted the operators to
undersell the unionized mines elsewhere, to steal
Northern markets. Harlan operators realized that
as long as they could hold this advantage, Harlan
coal would sell as fast as it could be mined. There-
fore, they would brook no interference by labor
unions; they feared that standardization with
other coal fields meant the killing of their golden
The mine owners fought 'unionization with
every method they knew. Organizers were gassed
in their hotels and clubbed when they ran into
the streets; they were thrown into jail on false
pretenses; their automobiles were dynamited;
a woman was offered $100 to serve as bait to
lure them to crime. The operators of Harlan
contributed one cent for each ton of coal they
mined to a "war chest" used in fighting the
The organizers persisted. Armed deputies, who
were nothing more than henchmen of the opera-
tors, roamed the countryside. At the threat of an
uprising of the miners in May, 1931, a carload
of deputies headed toward the town :of Evarts.
The miners met them with shotguns and squirrel
rifles and when the shooting was over, five men
had been killed. From the "Battle of Evarts"
sprang a war of' violence probably as vicious as
any ever fought on the labor front.
It is the old struggle in the South-the fight.
to keep an advantage over Northern industry by
shoving the wage scale down o coolie .levels. The
methods of the Harlan industrialists succeeded
for 20 years. Their'nethod& kept labor in a-de-
fenseless, serf-like state so that the profits of
the mines would be insured. They made the miner
apathetic in the face of the most appalling pov-
erty and ignorance. They rietained for the Har-
lan capitalists an absolutism that was relin-
quished elsewhere when the Industrial Revolu-
tion was still young.
Probably unionism never would have triumphed
in Harlan if the federal government hadnot
stepped in. Aroused 'by the #fin'dings of novelist
Theodore Dreiser, the LaFollette Civil Liberties
Committee hurried to Harlan in 1935. It was not
difficult to% find startling facts in I;arlan. The
report of the committee reveals the shock of its
writers. The tales of war chests, black-lists, am-
bush murders, bombings and kidnatpings that
The World As Seen
By Student Editors
When The Drums Beat Loudly
We picked up the papers and read headlines of
what's happening off the campus, about econom-
ic war, and French preparation for war, and-
Russian preparation for war, and Rumanian de-
bate about war.
We hear what Dartmouth is thinking about
war and we're a little afraid that Dartmouth
thinks something like this: "He's got to be stopped
sooner or later and if they won't do it over
there, why it's going to be up to us whether we
like it or not."
And we got to thinking about what we would
do if there should be a war, about what all of us
would say who have talked about peace for so
long, who have said that we didn't want war, and
wouldn't go to war, that we would have only
peace. We got to thinking about what Dart-
mouth would be like if there should be a war.
Then we found another newspaper, The Dart-
mouth of April 26, 1917:
"To the slackers-those few who have neglect-
ed the opportunities offered them to be of some
material service to their country-The Dartmouth
and all true Dartmouth men have but little to
say. These few shirkers who take refuge in cloaks
of "pacifism" and "conscientiousness" will have
their own consciences as their severest accusers.
How any able bodied man in college can stand
by and watch the regiment march along without
experiencing humiliation and mortification to
the nth degree is beyond the conception of the
ordinary person. These few should be ignored
and ostracized by those who have taken their
stand with the country.
"It is high time that feeling became so pre-
dominant that an undergraduate would as soon
admit membership in that retarding and mis-
guided group tolerated under the general head-
ing of pacifists as to admit being a German spy
In fact most real men would much prefer the
latter, as a spy usually does something for his
country. And the men who spend - their time
making lofty rhetorical statements about loyalty
and who criticize the training provided before it
has fairly started, while at the same time engag-
ing in that estimable occupation of doing nothing
themselves, are little better than pacifists.
"Undergraduates who are dissatisfied with the
drill provided are at perfect liberty to go some
place where better accommodations are afford-
ed. Several men have already entered some branch
of the national service and provision for grant-
ing them full academic credit was made in the
faculty vote Saturday.
"The men who remain here should enlist at
once. What the College wants from every man in
Hanover is ACTION. And the sooner that unholy
fraternity of purposeless inactive arm chair paci-
fist crabs can be eliminated the better for Dart-
mouth and the nation."
And so, we thought, that's the way it will be
again. -The Dartmouth
A Program For Prexy
Although the Daily Trojan this year literallg
straddles the political fence, it offers to both
student presidential candidates a platform sug-
gestion that would benefit the university whose
student leader would adhere to its plank.
The platforms for both presidential candidates
seem to reflect their consciousness of problems
relative to student affairs. Both candidates
recognize the universal campus desire for assem-
blies of greater interest, and both desire to make
participation in student government available
for both organized and non-organized students.
One of the officers understands the need for
campus development and the expansion and the
pertinent need for "crime" protection of frater-
nity and sorority row.
But both candidates might well remember that.
the breach between students and faculty and
between administration and students is ever
widening. For one group to be divorced from the
other is to destroy the true educational spirit
and the internal order of a progressive uni-
versity. All three units should be integrated, and
the prospective student leader might wisely take
the responsibility for making them so.
Perhaps the faculty and administration could
use student advice on guiding its academic poli-
cies. Perhaps the administration would like to
know the students' angle on how a new course is
taking hold or how old courses could be im-.
proved. It is entirely possible that students might
desire the addition of certain new courses or the
employment of certain policies that have been
successful at other universities and which might
be applied at S.C. beneficially.
Customarily both the student and faculty exist
in their own distinct spheres, and too often these
sphres remain independent instead of interdec
pendent. Perhaps it might be a wise idea for the
ambitious student leader to be the coordinating
link between the instructors and the instructed,
to secure a meeting of minds, an interchange of.
mutually advantageous ideas and suggestions:
Not infrequently is the athlete unable to rocog-
nize his faults in technique or the author his
artistic defects. Similarly is the educator often
unable to capture the intimate reactions of his
students to their training..
Therein is a plank for any platform.
-Daily Trojan, Southern California
permitting the UMWA to organize the Harlan
miners for six months, until March 31 of this
During its brief rule, the UMWA has tried in
a dozen ways to prove that the dose of unioniza-
tion is not as bad as the operators thought. Uniona
officials point out, that the nearby Kentucky
River and Big Sandy coal fields have been or-
STAMFORD, Conn., March 23.-We've got
pigeons. Whether or not they are homing pigeons
depends on Garcia, the head bird, and he can't
seem to make up his mind
It's going to make a lot of
difference to me. You see,
the original notion was that
instead of telegraphing my
stuff I could just intrust it to
a pigeon and become the
first of the carrier column-
The man who sold me the
idea said it would be very
simple. "You just strap the precious freight to the
bird's leg and toss him into the air, and neither
dark of night nor sleet nor storm can stay his
swift messenger on his appointed rounds."
It sounded a little too good to be true. Of
course, there did seem to be a catch in it the
moment he spoke of throwing the bird in the air.
My own wing isn't what it used to be, but there
have been columns of mine which anybody could
toss from Stamford to the office without the
help of a pigeon. A gnat would be an all-sufficient
The man tried to disabuse my mind of fears.
"To a pigeon," he explained, "all columns and,
in fact, all columnists look alike. Remember, he's
just going to carry your stuff. He doesn't have
to read it."
However, once I got the birds complications set
in. Before a pigeon becomes a carrier with a
homing instinct one of them must lay an egg. As
some poet almost said, "It takes a heap of hatch.
ing to make a house a home." Of course, my plan
necessitated a home-and.home arrangement.
There would have to be a town and a country
landing field, and so somebody would have to lay
an egg in the city room of the paper as well as in
the coop on the farm.
I felt this could readily be arranged, but it re-
quired more than seven weeks before the lady
bird gave any hostages to fortune up in the coun-
try. So I hate to take her into town and ask her
to lay another egg while surrounded by rewrite
men and copy readers. I doubt that it could be
Besides, the fact that he is about to become
a father has failed to anchor Garcia. At dawn
he leaves the nest flying hell-bent for election.
It looks a lot like desertion, but his conscience
collars him at the end of two hundred yards, and
he lights upon the farmhouse roof. There he
sits all day, looking sometimes in the direction
of the World's Fair and occasionally toward the
nest. Even at a distance you can tell that he
has not yet arrived at a decision. Twilight and
evening star see him wending his way home, but
he does so wearily and without enthusiasm.
I don't think I will ever commit a column to
Garcia. He's the sort of pigeon you wouldn't
care to trust with anything which came from the
heart. There is a glandular deficiency in his
He has a mean and hungry look, and if Garcia
ever did find some little masterpiece strapped to
his ankle you can bet your life he'd never fly it
to the office. Instead you'd find him at some
feedstore trying to trade the manuscript in for
birdseed. The chances are that Garcia will be-
come a pie and not a pilot.
By NORMAN KIELL
Anyone passing by the Laboratory Theatre
these days wonders just when the place will come
loose from its foundation and fall into the grave
the dormitory builders have so appropriately dug
flush against the rear wall of the theatre.
And anyone going into the Lab Theatre would
wonder just how rehearsals go on under the con-
stant bedlam of riveting, concrete-mixing and
steam-shovelling outside, and scene-building, cur-
tain-painting and costume-making inside.
Be that as it may, tonight the curtain goes up
at the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre on Play Pro-
duction's version of Shakespeare's "Two Gentle-
men of Verona."
This marks their eighth venture into the realm
of the Stratford Bard. Two years ago marked
their last Shakespearean offering, "Henry VIII."
Prior to this, Play Production had presented
"Romeo and Juliet," "The Taming of the Shrew"
"A Midsummer's Night's Dream" 'Twelfth
Night." "All's .Wel That Ends Well," and
"The Two Gentlemen of Verona" has been,
and is so rarely done that this production will
probably offer us the only opportunity to ever
see it performed on a stage. The records avail-
able to this reporter show that the last profes-
sional presentation of the comedy in America
was in 1895, with Maxine Elliot as Sylvia and
Ada Rehan as Julia.
The reason why "Two Gentlemen" is so rarely
done is that it is one of Shakespeare's earliest as
well as one of his minor comedies. Scholars al-
ways delight in tracing Shakespeare's develop-
ment from this play, and appropriately so. Shake-
speare knew his theatre-goers as well as his
theatre-technique, and being a business man as
well, he pandered to his public, giving them what
they wanted. He took over the routine of the
Comedia del Arte and capitalized on it; we have
the perverse parent who opposes the imarrage, the
WEDNESDAY MARCH 29 1939
VOL. XLIX. No. 130
A limited number of room or board
scholarships at Betsy Barbour House,
Helen Newberry Residence and Mar-
tha Cook Building will be awarded
for next year on the basis of need,
character, and academic standing.
No one with less than a B average
should apply. Application blanks'
may be secured- at the Office of the
Dean of Women. All applications
should be in that office by April 7,
1939. One of the Alice Martin schol-
arships of $100 for residents of Adelia
Cheever Residence Hall is also open
to students living outside of the Ade-
ha Cheever House.
Civil Service Examination: An ex-
amination will be held April 8, in
1025 Angell Hall nor Social Workers
in this State. Students who are
graduating this June and who think
themselves qualified should take this
examination. Application blanks-may
be had from the local office of the
County Relief Commission, 417 West
Liberty, Ann Arbor. The applica-
tion should be filed not later than
April 1. Announcement of the quali-
fications necessary is posted on the
bulletin board by the Sociology Of-
fice in Haven Hall.
Aeronautical Engineering Seniors
and Graduates: Those obtaining
either bachelors or masters degrees in
Aeronautical Engineering in June or
August, 1939, should fill out the De-
partment personnel records before
leaving for spring vacation, April 7.
If a student is unable to obtain his
photograph by this date he should
turn in his record and supply the
photograph later. Blanks for this
purpose may be obtained in the De-
partment Office, B-47 East Engineer-
ing Building. It is essential that
personnel records of all students be
on file in the office, in order to
supply the manufacturers with ac-
curate and complete information. A
sample form indicating the kind of
information desired is posted on the
Aeronautical Engineering Bulletin
For The Attention of Iowa Stu-
dents: The Iowa Emergency Relief
Administration sends word that they
would like to make contact with the.
students from that State who might
be eligible upon graduation for a po-
sition in Social Work in Iowa.
A. E. Wood.
Retirement Incomes: A suggestion
has been made that questions con-
cerning various phases of retire-
ment incomes as they affect members
of the Faculties be submitted to the
Business Office, with the understand-
ing that the questions are to be an-
swered in the University Record. This
arrangement might serve to clear up
any misunderstandings or problems
on this subject. Will you please,
therefore, send to me any such prob-
lems and I will try to answer them or
will refer them to the Carnegie Foun-
dation for the Advancement of
Teaching or The Teachers Insurance
and Annuity Association for solution.
Herbert G. Watkins.
Aeronautical Engineering Students:
There will be available in the De-
partment of Aeronautical Engineer-
ing two Frank P. Sheehan Scholar-
( ships and probably three assistant-
ships for the year 1939-40. These
scholarships and assistantships are
in general restricted to upperclass-
men and graduate students and the
selection is made very largely on the
basis of scholastic standing. Appli-
cations for these positions will be re-
ceived up to April 1. Students wish-
ing to make application should ad-
dress them to Professor E. A. Stalk-
er, B-47 East Engineering Building,
and should give a brief statement of
their qualifications and experience in
regard to both their scholastic work
and any outside experience they may
have had. A statement should also
be made giving their plans for fur-
ther study in Aeronautical Engineer-
ing. Applications may be made for
both the schoilarshins alnd the as-
Foreign students who will change
their address for the spring vacation,
please register vacation address at
the Internationail Centerc as soon asi.
possible. This is important.
Michigan Dames: Members who
have a copy of Byers' "Designing
Women" and who would be willing
to lend it for Dames' use for a short
time please call Mrs. Shilling. 2-3061
evenings. One copy of "Fashion is
Spinach" is also needed.
Students living in the Chicago area
interested in registering with the
Camp Placement Department of the
Illinois State Employment Service
and who would be available for a per-
sonal interview in Chicago during
Spring Vacation may call at the
University Burenu of Apointment
ad 'OcgaiontIn.f1rmni-attion, 201
week prior to date of examination.
Water System Helper. Salary: "pre-
vailing rate" April 10.
Roller Operator. Salary: "prevail-
ing rate" April 12.
Plumbing Inspector. Salary: $2,640,
Complete announcements are on
file at the University Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 201 Mason Hall; Office
Hours 9-12 and 2-4.
Hisory 48: Midsem'eser exaraina-
ion, Thursday, March 30, 10 a.m.:
A-F. Room D, Haven, G-Z, Room C,
Haven. V. W. Crane.
Applications must be filed a
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts:
Midsemester reports are due not
later than Friday, April 7. More
cards if needed can be had at my
These reports should name those
students, freshman and upperclass,
whose standing at midsemester time
is D or E, not merely those who re-
ceive D or E in so-called midsemester
Students electing our courses, but
registered in other schools or col-
leges of the University, should be
reported to the school or college in
which they are registered.
A. A. Walter, Assistant Dean.
Juniors and Seniors of the Literary
College: Students desiring to apply
for candidacy for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate please see a member of the
Teacher's Certificate Committee as
soon as possible. In the absence of
Professor Thorpe students majoring
in Group I, and minoring in Group II
see Professor Welch, 4089 Natural
Science (Univ.-591), hours Tu-Th,
11-12; those minoiing in Group III
see Professor Wheeler,321GHaven
Hall (Univ.-598), hours Tu-Th, 3-4,
Biological Station: Application for
admission for the coming summer
session should be in my office before
April 15 when dll applications will
be considered. An announcement de-
scribing courses offered can be ob-
tained at the Office of the Summer
Session or from the Director. Appli-
cations should be made on forms
which can be secured at Room 1119
N.S. from 4 to 6 p.m., daily, or at
Room 3089 N.S. from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m.,
daily. George R. La Rue, Director.
det Skating Classes, Women Stu-
dents. The 'women's ice skating
classes will meet at 3:20 on Wednes-
day and Thursday, respectively, at
Barbour Gymnasium dressed for bi-
cycle riding instead of skating. 35
cents will cover the cost of riding for
Organ Recital. Palmer Christian
will give the fifth in the present series
of organ recitals in Hill Auditorium,
Wednesday afternoon, March 29, at
4:15 o'clock. He will present a pro-
gram of music by Bach, Sowerby, De-
Lamater and Vierne. The general
public is cordially invited to attend.
Organ Recital. Thomas Lyles,
Spartanburg, South Carolina, pupil
of Palmer Christian, University or-
ganist, will give an organ recital in
Hill Auditorium, Thursday afternoon,
March 30, at 4:15 o'clock, in partial
fulfillment of the requirements for
the Master Of Music degree. The
genera-I public is invited to attend.
Glee Club Concert. The University
of Michigan Glee Club, under the di-
rection of Professor David Mattern,
will present an interesting and va-
ried program of music in Hill Au-
ditorium, Thursday evening, March
30, at 8:30 o'clock. The general
public, with the exception of small
children, is invited to attend.
Exhibition, College of Architecture:
The premiated drawings submitted
in the national competition for the
Wheaton College Art Center are be-
ing shown in the third floor Exhibi-
tion Room, College of Architecture,
Open daily, 9 to 5, excet Sundays,
through April 4. The public is cor
Exhibition of Modern Book Art;
Printing and Illustration, held under
the sponsorship of the Ann Arbor Art
Association. Rackham Building
third floor Exhibition Room; dail3
except Sunday. 8 a.m. to 10 p.m.; on
view through Saturday, April 1.
Exhibition of Paintings by Davic
Fredenthal and Helen May, showr
under the auspices of the Ann Arbon
Art Association. Alumni Memoria
Hall, afternoons from 2 to 5, March
24 through April 7.
University Lectures: Professor Ken-
s teth J, Conant, of Harvard Univer-
S ty, will give i iustrated lectures ok
heritance" on Thursday, March 30,
at 4:15 p.m. in Natural Science Au-
ditorium under the auspices of the
Department of Botany. The public
is cordially invited to attend.
A.E. McCrea, editor and publisher
of the Muskegon Chronicle, will give
the sixth in the Journalism Supple-
mentary Lecture Series on Wednes-
day at 3 o'clock in Room E, Haven
Hall. Mr. McCrea's subject will be
"The Newspaper and Public Opinion."
The public is invited.
French Lecture: The lecture on the
Cercle Francais program which was
-to be given by Professor Eugene Ro-
villain tomorrow, Thursday, has been
On April 28 the annual French
Play will take place in Lydia Mendel-
ssohn Theatre. The title of the play
is: Ces Dames aux Chapeaux verts"
Students, School of Dentistry:
There will be an Assembly in the
Upper Amphitheatre at 4:15 this
afternoon. Mr. Louis Untermeyer will
be the speaker.
All dental students and hygienists
are requested to be in their seats in
the Amphitheatre promptly at 4:10
International Center: Music hour
at the International Center: The
regular Wednesday music hour has
been changed from 7 to 7:30 this
week, and will hereafter be held at
this later time. The program this
week is an orchestra synthesis of
Wagner's Tristan and Isolde by Leo-
pold Stokowski played by the Phila-
Chemical and Metallurgical Engi-
neering Seminar. Mr. W. I. Wilcox
will be the speaker at the Seminar
today at 4 o'clock in Room 3201 E.
Eng. Bldg. His subject is, "Natural
La Sociedad Hispanica: The fifth
lecture of the series sponsored by
La Sociedad Hispanica will be pre-
sented by Professor Jose M. Albala-
dejo today, at 4:15 p.m., in 108 R.L.
The subject will be "El Cid en la his-
toria y en la: epica." Admission by
Seminar in Physical Chemistry will
meet in Room 122 Chemistry Build-
ing at 4:15 p.m. today. Mr. W. H.
Sullivan will speak on Precision
methods in the mass spectrographic
investigation of isotopes."
Phi Tau Alpha: There will be a
meeting tonight at 8 p.m. in the
League. Professor Meinecke Will
speak. All members are urged to be
Graduate Luncheon: There will be
a graduate luncheon, March 29 at 12
noon in the Russian Tea Room of the
League, cafeteria style.
Prof. Roy W. Sellars of the Phi-
losophy Department will discuss
All graduate students are crdially
The Michigan Christian Fellowship
will have its monthly social tonight
at the Fireplace Room, Lane Hall.
Games, singing, and refreshments
starting at 7:15 will feature the eve-
ning. Remember the crazy ping pong
tournament at the last social?
A special invitation is extended to
al lthose students who have attended
any of the M.C.F. meetings. All
other students who are interested are
Hiawatha Club: Hiawatha Club will
hold its regular meeting this evening
at 7:30 p.m. in the Michigan Union.
Discussion will center around the
proposals for arousing student and
alumni interest in the University dur-
ing Spring Vacation. All interested
upper peninsula students are cordial-
ly invited to attend.
Union Tryouts, Freshmen. There
will be an important meeting of all
Freshmen on the Union Council staff
today at 5 p.m. Please make every
effort to be there.
Mr. Louis Untermeyer. Schedule for
week of March 27-April 3.
Wednesday, March 29. 4:15 p.m.
Lecture to dental students. Upper
Amphitheatre, Dental Bldg.
'Thursday, March 30. 4 p.m. Cof-
fee hour. Room 308 Michigan Union.
Institute of the Aeronautical Sci-
ences: There will be a meeting at
. 7:30 p.m., Thursday, March 30, in
Room 1042 East Engineering Build-
ing. Professor M. J. Thompson will
1 present a summary of papers given
Sat the Seventh Annual Meeting of
the Institute o fthe Aeronautical Sci-
ences, held in New York. These pa-
pers deal with airplane structures,
instruments, areonautical symposium,
power plants, meteorology, air trans-
port, aerodynamics, and airplane de-