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March 15, 1939 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1939-03-15

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F eather
Fesr, continued cold.

Yl

Sir

aitt

Editorial
Chancellor Adolf
Blazes A Trail .

I

VOL. XLIX. No. 118 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, MARCH 15, 1939

PRICE FIVE CNTS

Senate Drops
Dif ferential
Ban On Arms
Contract Bill
Removal Of Amendment
Makes Labor Violators
EligibleFor Contracts
War Plane Profits
Are To Be Limited
WASHINGTON, March 14.-()-
Senate-House conferees yielded to the
War Department and business spokes-
men today and dropped from the
Administration's $358,000,000 Na-
tional Defense Bill a Senate amend-
ment forbidding the award of rearm-
ament contracts to firms alleged to
be violating federal labor laws.
At the same time, reaching a com-
promise on another disputed Senate
amendment, they voted that profits
to manufactures building army air-
planes should be limited to 12 per
cent. To this they added a proviso
that in determining the extent of
the profit all revenues and losses
from Army contracts over a period of
four years should be included in the
computation.
Asks For Funds
Meanwhile, the day saw other de-
velopments related to the allied sub-
jects of national defense and foreign
policy.
President Roosevelt asked Con-
gress for an appropriation of '$14,-
700,000 to be spent in the next fiscal
year to strengthen the defenses of the
Panama Canal. Such an appropria-
tion is, authorized as part of the
$358,000,000 National Defense Act.
Sumner Welles, Undersecretary of
State, spoke in behalf of a resolu-
tion by Chairman Pittman (Dem.-
Nev.) of the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee that Latin American coun-
tries be permitted to purchase war-
ships, coast artillery and other muni-
tions manufactured in the United
States. Latin American nations, he
said, had few if any facilities for
manufacturing such products and to
facilitate their purchase here would
be in line with the "good neghbor
policy."
Naval Yards Busy
On the other hand, Rear Admiral
Ben Moreell, chief of the Navy's
Bureau of Yards and Docks, told the
Senate Naval Committee that naval
shipbuilding yards were and would be
"choked with work for several years
as a result of the United States' re-
armament program" and that same
situation applied at private yards.
President Roosevelt told reporters,
the Administration had not received.
any information that Great Britain
would be displeased by the Pittman
proposal.
Forest Essay
Winner Picked
Frank Becker Awarded
C. L. Pack Prize
Frank C. Becker, Jr., '39F&C, was
selected the winner of the annual
Charles Lathrop Pack forest essay
contest, announced Dean Samuel T.
Dana, of the forestry school. The
announcement was made yesterday
at a .forestry school assembly in the
Rackham Building.
The subject of Becker's prize win-
ning essay was "Floods and Fors-

try." Prof. W. F. Ramsdell was
chairman of the committee in charge
of, examining the papers submitted
this year in the annual contest.
Stanley A. Fontanna, Deputy Di-
rector of the Michigan State De-
partment of Conservation, spoke on
the activities of that department.
Toledo U. Team Defeats
Sigma Rho Tau In Debate
The University of Toledo debating
team defeated Sigma Rho Tau on
the resolution, "No engineering de-
gree should be granted until a defi-
nite six year course be completed,"
last night at the Union.
The four members of the Michigan
team were: Vance Middlesworth,
'41E; Wade Flaherty, '40E; George
Weesner, '41E; and Harry Reid, 40E.
The arguments on the negative side
as presented by the Toledo team were
Judged superior by Prof. R. S. Swin-
ton, Prof. W. E. Emmons and Paul
Phillips, '39L.

Students Included
In Radio Broadcast
For Michigan Day
Eleven students will participate in
the world-wide broadcast of Michi-
gan Day Celebration from 3 to 3:45
p.m. Saturday in the Union over the
Columbia Broadcasting System.
Mary Bell, '39, the only woman in
the cast will be heard as Madelon
Stockwell, who entered the Univer-
sity in 1870, the first woman to brave
Michigan's edifice of higher learn-
ing.
Other students included in the
cast are Donn Chown, Grad; Stephen
Filipiak, '39; Myron Wallace '39; Ted
Grace, '39; John Mitchell, ,'39; Har-
old Gast, '39; Ben Wampler, '39A;
Alfred Baumann, Jr., '39; Jack Geld-
er and Duane Nelson.
Heard also from Ann Arbor will
be President Ruthven, "Fritz" Cris
ler and Benny Oosterbaan. Sen. Ar-
thur Vandenberg and Attorney Gen-
eral Frank Murphy will speak from
Washington, D.C., and Lyman Bry-
son and Bennie Friedman from New
York City.
The ticket sale for the broadcast
of the Michigan Birthday Party op-
ens today. Tickets, priced at 25 cents,
will be sold at the Union desk, alumni
office in Alumni Memorial Hall and
alumnae office in the League. Only
300 students can be admitted to the
broadcast.
Alumni To Talk
The appearance of Frank Murphy,
'14L, attorney general of the United
States, and Arthur H. Vandenberg,
United States senator from Michi-
gan, before the same microphone in
Washington Saturday will be only one
of the many instances that .day in
which thoughts of nationally fa-
mous figures, many years out of
(Continued on Page 6)
44th Annual
Arts Academy
To Open Here

Battle Looms
As FDR Asks
Added Relief
Congress Economy Bloc
Supports Cox Proposal
For WPAInvestigation I
Democrats Furnish
Leading Opposition
WASHINGTON, March 14.-M-P)_
President Roosevelt stirred up a temp-
est of Congressional strife today with
a sharply-worded request for an im-
mediate, additional appropriation of
$150,000,000 for WPA lest, he said,
nearly 5,000,000 people lose the source
of their livelihoods.
- His appeal cut to the core of the
constantly agitated issue of Govern-
ment spending and led to predictions
of a battle even more strenuous than
that which attended the refusal of
Congress, earlier in the session, to
grant the very same appropriation
which was proposed today.
Woodrum Deposed
In preparation for that struggle,
Administration forces deposed Repre-
sentative Woodrum (Dem.-Va.), ag-
gressive leader of the House economy
bloc, as acting chairman of the sub-
committee in charge of relief appro-
priations. He will be replaced, it was
said, by Chairman Taylor (Dem.-
Colo.), of the appropriations commit-
tee, who almost immediately upon
the receipt of the President's message
introduced a bill to carry it out.
As though to offset this move, the
economy group rallied at once behind
a proposal by Representative Cox
(Dem.-Ga.) that the appropriations
committee be directed to make a
thoroughgoing investigation of WPA
to determine whether it is "fish or
fowl, sane or insane, good or bad."
Thus the principal opposition to the
President's proposal came from the
Democratic side of the House. For
the most part, Republican members
followed the lead of Representative
Martin (Rep.-Mass.), their floor lead-
er, in saying they were "judicially
minded" and wanted "to see what the
facts" were before coming to a deci-
sion. In many such statements there
was, however, an obvious tone of
skepticism.,
Adopt Moderate View
In the Senate, also, the Republican
leadership adopted a moderate atti-
tude toward the President's request.
'Senator McNary (Rep.-Ore.), the Re-
publican leader, said that if the money
was "actually needed for relief and
not for politics" it would be forthcom-
ing. With this statement, he left the
forthright opposition to Democrats in
the chamber, and Senator Byrnes
(Dem.-S.C.) led it off with an asser-
tion that "they'll have to show me
the need for any more money."
However, Senator Barkley (Dem.-
Ky.), the majority leader, predicted
flatly that the Senate, which turned
down the appropriation by a single
vote before, would approve it this
time.
In his special message, Mr. Roose-
velt recalled, first of all, the history
and background of his request. In
January the Administration asked
Congress for $875,000,000 to run WPA
from early February to the end of
the fiscal year on June 30.
Rally To Hear Columnist
Dorothy Thompson, nationally read
columnist, will highlight a rally for
social tolerance to be held at 7:30
p.m. Friday in Olympia in Detroit.

The meeting is arranged by the Civil
Rights Federation with several other
organizations and individuals cooper-
ating.

Czechs Give U p Republic To Hitler
As Country Rapidly Disintegrates;
England And France Remain Silent

Sessions Begin
Leaders In 15
To Direct Syml

Friday;
Fields
posiums

The 44th annual meeting of the
Michigan Academy of Science, Arts,
and Letters opens here tomorrow
with the meeting of the council at
2:30 p.m. in Room 4065 of the Na-
tural Science Building.
Sessions open to the public be-
gin Friday and will continue through
Saturday. Sessions will deal with 15
fields of academic work: anthropolo-
gy, botany, economics, forestry, geog-
raphy, geology and mineralogy, his-
tory and political science, landscape
architecture, language and litera-
ture, mathematics, philosophy, psy-
chology, sanitary and medical science,
sociology and zoology.
Friday's meetings, which begin at
8:30 a.m., will be highlighted by an
address by Dr. George H. Whipple,
Dean of the University of Rochester
School of Medicine and Dentistry on
"Anemia and the Building of Hemo-
globin in the Body." He will speak
at 4:15 p.m .in the Rackham Audito-
rium.
The presidential address, "The
Role of Taxation in the Decline of the
Roman Empire," will be given by
Prof. A.E.R. Boak of the history de-
partment at 8 p.m. Friday in the
Amphitheatre of the Rackham Build-
ing. The address will be followed by
a reception and refreshments.
Saturday's meetings will start at 9
a.m., the sessions ending with the
business meeting of the Academy at
3 p.m. Luncheons for the Landscape
Architecture and Mathematics Sec-
tions will be given at noon in the
Inion.

Move Might Take German
Interest From Italian
Claims, Officials Hope
Country's Fate Is
In Hitler's Hands
LONDON, March 14.-O"P)-Great
Britain and France, who almost went
to war with Germany over Czecho-
slovakia last September, kept strictly
aloof today as the little Republic fur-
ther crumbled apart under overpow-
ering pressure from Germany.
Officials in both London and Paris
were believed to be more interested;
in the possibility that Germany's new
moves eastward would lessen her in-
terest in Italy's still unofficial claims
for a part of the French colonial,
empire.
Prime Minister Neville Chamber-
lain in the House of Commons called
an "unwarrantable assumption" a
suggestion that Britain now was com-
pletely disinterested in Czechoslov-
akia.
But his replies to a series of ques-
tions from members of Parliament
showed plainly he had no intention
of intervening in the German-Czech
quarrel as he did last summer.'
France, saving her strength to re-
sist possible Italian demands on her,
seemed to be only an interested spec-
tator in the new crisis.
Official sources left no doubt that
France considered it a matter for
Berlin and Rome to settle themselves.
As for Britain, Chamberlain told
the House that "the proposed guar-
antee" (of. Czecho-Slovak frontiers,
mentioned in an annex to the Munich
Pact) was "one against unprovoked
aggression against Czechoslovakia,
and no such aggression has taken
place."
The Munich Agreement among the
Four Big European powers-Britain,
France, Germany, and Italy-gave
Chancellor Hitler virtually all he
sought from Czechoslovakia to avert
a war.
The two western powers ostensibly
retained an interest in the future of
;he dismembered Republic, but it was
recognized generally then that they
left the fate of the country in Ger-
many's hands.
This attitude was reflected in the
calm reaction of both officials and
press toward the events which cul-
minated in the break-up of the state
today.
In some diplomatic quarters Ger-
many was believed to be further pav-
ing the way for Hitler's long-cher-
ished dream of establishing domina-
tion over the Ukraine.
A German move against Rumania
also was considered a possibility in
these quarters in view of Nazi dis-
pleasure over King Carol's recent
stern suppression of the Fascist Iron
Guard elements.
Italy was believed to be withhold-
ing official territorial demands on
France until Germany decided her
own immediate future policy and de-
termined how much support she was
prepared to give her Axis partner.
NLRB Lawyer
Speaks Today
Harold Cranefield To Talk
On Wagner Act At Union
The recent developments in the ad-
ministration of the Wagner Act will
form the basis for a discussion led
by Harold A,, Cranefield, the regional
attorney for the National Labor Re-
lations Board in Detroit, 7:30 p.m.
He will weigh the merits of the pro-
posed amendment to the Act. This
forum, which is open to the public,
is sponsored by the Lawyers Liberal
Club, an organization formed by lib-

eral students in the Law School in-
terested in present day affairs.
Mr. Cranefield was the attorney for
the labor board in a case involving an
Ann Arbor firm last year. He is a
graduate of the University of Wis-
consin Law School.
Fraternities Hold Annual
Initiation Banquet Mar. 23

Holds Goal Set By Hlinka
Biggest Factor In Present
Assertion Of Autonomy
By HERVIE HAUFLER
The roots of the abrupt secession of
Slovakia from the Czechoslovakian
state go deeper than a mere pressure
move by the Nazis, Prof. John W.
Stanton of the history department
said in an interview yesterday.
An autonomous nation has been
the goal of the Slovaks, Professor
Stanton observes, since before the
World War, when Father Hlinka, a
Roman Catholic priest, directed a
drive against Hungarian domination.
The Slovaks regard themselves as a
distinct people, and the present asser-
tion of their. autonomy is viewed by
Professor Stanton as simply the at-
tainment of the goal set by Father
Hlinka. It is significant that the
leaders of the present revolt call
themselves the Hlinka Guards.
Slovak statesmen agreed to join the
Czechs in forming a Czechoslovakian
nation, Professor Stanton said, only
on the guaranty that Slovakia should
obtain autonomy. Under the leader-
ship of such leaders as Benes and
Masaryk, however, the Czechs were
able to dominate the Slovaks until
the breakup of the state following the
Munich pact.
The Nazi interest in the Slovakian
goal of self-determination, Professor
Stanton pointed out, is to create a
buffer state under the economic dom-
ination of Germany. Hitler has simply'
used materials already present to ad-
vance a step nearer success in his
policy of "Drank Nach Osten."
Although fostered by Germany, the
revolt was probably precipitated by
the actions of Poland and Hungary,
Professor Stanton believes. Last week
(Continued on Page 6)
Student Senate
Advises Lifting
Of Radio Fee
Action On Campus Opinion
Ballot Boxes Postponed
Until Council Meeting
The Student Senate last night con-
demand the use of regulatory fees
by the University in connection with
radios. Based on a report and a
resolution submitted at the meeting
of March 7, The Senate asked that
the four-dollar per semester fee for
the use of radios be withdrawn from
dormitory and rooming house con-
tracts.
At the same time, Robert Kahn, '39,
reported for the education committee
that he had been attempting to com-
plete plans for the setting up of stu-
dent opinion ballot boxes on campus,
but thatit was deemed advisable to
await action by the University Ex-
ecutive Council which meets this Fri-
day.,
"The $4 fee each semester for ra-
dios is not defensible on a cost basis,"
Robert Perlman, '39, introducer of
the resolution, said last night. "Even
if the object is to discourage the use
of radios, it should not be done ac-
cording to the ability to pay," he stat-
ed, emphasizing that the question "of
noisy radios should be a matter for
students to regulate among them-
selves as part of an education in
group living."
The cost of twice the average num-
(Continued on Page 6)
Stace To Discuss
Pictorial News
Arthur W. Stace, editor of the Ann

Arbor News, will give an illustrated
lecture on "Pictures in the News" at
3 p.m. today in the amphitheatre of
the Graduate School under the aus-
pices of the journalism department.

Slovak Break Goes Deeper
Than Nazi Force, Says Stanton

Adds To Reich

ADOLF HITLER
Spivak To Tell
Of Nazi Activity
In United States
Journalist Has Travelled
In Italy And Russia.
ObservingConditions
John L. Spivak, noted newspaper-
man and author who will speak at 4
p.m. today in Natural Science Audi-
torium under the auspices of the
American Student Union, has been
credited with stimulating several con-
gressional investigations by his writ-
ings on Nazi activities in this coun-
try. He will be introduced by Prof.
James A. Pollock of the political sci-
ence department.
His latest book which bears the title
of his talk today, "Secret Armies,",
deals with the connection of Nazis
and American "patriotic" societies,
the connection of Nazis with impor-
tant industrialists, and the efforts of
the Dies Committee to supress evi-
dence of Nazi activity here. Copies
of this book were recently sent to
every member of Congress by Walter
Winchell, columnist, and according to
a reply he received from one congress-
men, has been provoking much dis-
cussion on the floor of the House.
Spivak, who was doing reporting
for a -New Haven paper at the age of
18, has been to both Italy and Russia
reporting on conditions there. , His
sensational findings in his investiga-
tion of chain gang activities in Geor-
gia, led to a reform of the Georgia
criminal laws. His findings on this

German Troops Marching
Into Prague; Bohemia
Is Now Virtual Colony
Germans Police
Moravska-Ostrava
PRAGUE, March 15.--(Wed-
nesday)-(P)-The Czech Min-
istry of National Defense an-
nounced at 4:30 a.m. today
(10:30 p.m., Tuesday EST) that
the Central Czech provinces of
Bohemia and Moravia would be
occupied by German troops at '6
a.m. (Midnight Tuesday EST).
BERLIN, March 14.-(P)-Prague,
the capital 700 years ago of the Bo-
hemian kings, and since 1918 the
capital of the Czecho-Slovak democ-
racy, was expected to be taken over
by German troops late tonight, fol-
lowing the visit of President Emil
Hacha of Czechoslovakia today to
Berlin to ask that a German protec-
torate be established over his rapid-
ly disintergrating republic.
Adolf Hitler's mastery over central
Europe seemed to be complete.
'Ioday's proclamation-under, guid-
ance of Hitler-of the independence
of Slovakia, center segment of Czech-
oslovakia, brought Hacha with his
Foreign Minister to Berlin to lay in
Hitler's lap plans to convert Bo-
hem' ia-Moravia, the Czech parts of
the country, into a virtual German
colony.
German troops marched into the
now shattered Czechoslovakia with-
out resistance to take over police du-
BUDAPEST, March 15-(Wed-
nesday)--With her armies al-
ready half way across Carpatho-
Ukraine, Hungary announced
early today 'that the dissolved
Czecho-Slovak government's an-
swer to an ultimatum demand-
ing. evacuation of the eastern
province was unsatisfactory. Hun-
gary appeared to be headed to-
ward attaining her long-desired
common frontier with Poland by
moving into Carpatho-Ukraine.
ties at Vroravaska-Ostrava, Czech
iron and coal center near the Polish
border.
During the course of the day, de-
mands on the late republic were made
by Poland, Hungary and Rumania
demanding certain sections con-
taining peoples of the respective
countries.
"German troops and SS (Black
Shirt) formations also crossed the
frontier of former Czecho-Slovakia
at other points," the official news
agency said.
"At the bridge over the Oder, near
Kruschau, the Czech military forces
also laid down their arms.
"The German formations the'n pro-
ceeded toward Schlesisch-Ostrau. Ac-
cording to German reports, the Ger-
man tanks drew up at 10 p.m. at the
'German House' at Maehrisch-Os-
trau (Moravska-Ostrava).
"The Wittkowitz Iron Works was
occupied between 7 and 10 p.m."
So quickly was the occupation ef-
fected, DNB said, that "Communist

UI

Slippery Ice, Skates Hamper
C hesGridders At Coliseum

subject were published in his book, Iworkmen could not carry out their
"Georgia Nigger." plans to damage the plant."
Spivak has contributed to several German troops also were report-
periodicals, notably Ken magazine. ed crossing the Danube at Vienna and
Among his other books are "The Dev- advancing, toward the Slovak border.
il's Brigade," "America Faces the Bar- From late afternoon through the
ricades," and "Europe Under the Ter- early hours. of the night, motorized
ror." troops and transport passed through
Vienna, these reports said, all mov-
ing toward. the border.
Name W inners No street car traffic was permitted
on the famous Ringstrasse in Vienna

l
G

By MEL FINEBERG
Slightly handicapped by an ex-
tremely slippery surface and the fact
that some rules called for shoes with
runners, Michigan's football players
and the varsity coaches refought the
Battle of Bull Run last night at the
Coliseum with the mentors out-rough-
ing the undergrads, 2-1.
The game was catch-as-catch-can
which the coaches claimed gave the
students the advantage since Eva-
shevski was the catcher on the base-
ball team. The gridders retorted that
Ray Fisher, the coaches' goalie, could
do the pitching so the battle started.
Thirteen spills later the coaches

retained the prayer when he drop-
kicked the puck past netminder Fish-
er. The game was halted as Hook
maintained that he should get three
points for his heroic effort but he
was finally placated.
With the score tied at one all, the
gridders threw caution to the winds
and sent ten forwards down the ice.
Ray Fisher promptly retaliated by
turning the nets around backwards.
But the hordes of football players
led by this year's captain, Fred Janke,
Evashevski, Ed Zak and Herc Renda
continued to descend and only sterling
work on the part of referee Mill
Marsh who sat on a folding chair,
saved the coaches.

In Law Contest
Fimals In Frosh Case Club
Competition Held .
Winners in the finals of the Fresh-
man Case Club Final Competition
were decided yesterday in arguments
of counsel before three-judge benches
in four Case Club courts.
In Kent Club court, David L. Loeb
and Donald R. Stroud were the win-
ners. Both represented the defend-
ant. In the Story Club court, Robert

or in the principal streets leading to
the Danube bridges.
'While the military movements were
in progress airplanes circled over
Vienna.
An honor company of the German
army with a group of government
dignitaries were at the station to
greet him. The' military company
gave him a salute.
Otto Meissner, chief of the Presi-
dential Chancellery, gave him an of-
ficial- greeting.
With President Hacha also were
his Foreign Minister Frantisek
Chvalkovsky, and several secretaries.
The President smiled faintly as

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