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March 14, 1939 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1939-03-14

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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Published every .mornig except- Monday during the
University year and Sumni r Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited. in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4.00; by. mail, $4.50.
National Advertising Service, The.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1938-39

and State. If that be religious persecution, as the
writers of the letter charge, then Loyalist Spain
stands condemned.
But Spain was, before the rebellion of Franco
and before the hierarchy of the Church blessed
his cause, 98 per cent Catholic. If this is so, then
it follows that even if the two per cent of Spain's
population who were not Catholic supported the
Loyalist government, the great majority of those
who fought for it were Roman Catholics. Why
wa.s it necessary for Franco to call in Moorish,
Italian and German troops if he had the sup-
port of the Catholic Spanish people? If the
issue was Catholicism versus communism why
did the $asques and their priests support the
Loyalists? Why did a group of Catholic priests
write an answer and a condemnation of the
Spanish Bishops' letter supporting the Rebels?
Why did the Bishop of Vitoria protest against
that letter and refuse to sign? Why did such
men as Father Lobo and Father Sarasola support
the Loyalist cause? Why did such outstanding
lay Catholics as Don Enrique Moreno and Count
Lowenstein condemn the rebel cause?
The issues in Spain were clericalism versus
anti-clericalism, fascism and monarchism versus
democracy, army versus the people, rich land-
owners against impoverished peasants. One can
not justify Franco without justifying also fasc-
ism, clericalism, supremacy of the army and in-
human exploitation. One can not say "I don't
care much for Franco, but I dislike the Loyalists
nore," without at the same time liking fascism
more and democracy less.
--Albert Mayjo

The Editor
Gets Told

Board of
Mfanaging Editor.
Editorial Director .
City Editor .
Associate Editor . .
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Book Editor .
Women's Editor . .
Sports Editor . .

. Robert b. Mitchell
. . Albert P. May1o
. Horace W. Gilmore
. Robert I. Fitzbenry
. . . R. Klman
* . Robert Perlman
i . . Earl Gltnan
. . William Elvin
. . Joseph Feedman
* . .Joseph, Gies
. . Dorothea Staebler
. Bud Benjamin

-by David Lawrence-

Business Department
Business Manager. . . . Philip W Buchen
Credit Manager . . . .Leonar4 P. Biegelman
.dertising Manager . . * William L. Newnan
,Womens Business manager. Helen Jan Dean
Women's Service Manager . Marian A. Baxter
The editorials published in The Michigan;
Daily are written by members of the Daiyn
staff and represent the vieWS a the Writerg
COA munism Vs.
Church In Spain ...
third letter by a group of Catholic
students in defense of General Franco. The thesis
of this letter is that the issue in Spain was com-
.munism versus Catholicism.
It was:
(1) If it is communism to call for an amnesty
of 30,000 political prisoners,
2) If it is communism to pledge the rein-
statement of hundreds of thousands of men and
women thrown out of public and private work
for political reasons,
(3) if it is communism to reject the national-
ization of land, and to ask instead a new tenancy
law, reduction in taxes and rents in a country
(a) out of 800,000 families who depended
wholly on agriculture for a living, 350,000 had
no land, 350,000 more had individtual 'pits too
small to support them, 100,000 had enough
land to make a living,
(b) 20,000 landowners owned one-half the
(c) the minimum subsistence wage was
2,000 pesetas for a single laborer, who actually
earned 700-900 pesetas a year and paid for
the deficit with hunger and privation.
(d) the landlord controlled, through the local
boss, the votes of his laborers whom he could
throw off the land for any reason and at any
(4) If it is communism to advocate a moderate
degree of regulation of industry and conunerce,
(5) if it is communism to plai an extensive
public works program, and to reject the principle
of the unemployment dole advocated by the
workers' representatives,
(6) if it is communism to reject 'nationaliza-
tion of banking, and to pledge instead, tax re-
forms and stricter control of the Bank of Spain
and private banking,
(7) if it is communism to promise reorganiza-
tion of industrial arbitration, fix minimum wages
and to set up public 'employment offices,
(8) if it is communism to advocate the devel-
opmnent of public education, supervision of priv-
ate schools and wider access to middle and higher
edcuation by working-class' students,
(9 if it is communism to set up principles of
regional autonomy for local government,
(10) if it is communism to declare that Spain
would be guided by the Covenant of the League
of Nations.
It was the issue in Spain if Catholicism
(1) that the Cahtolic Church should keep its
stranglehold on the political, economic and social
life of Spain. It was the largest property-owner
in Spain. (See points a, b, c, d, under 3 above.
One of 'its orders, the Jesuit, controlled eight
banks, 35 large-scale businesses, 60 newspapers,
a news agency and a wireless station),
(2) that Roman Catholicsm should be the state
religion of the Spanish government,
(3) that one-half of the total number of stu-
dents in the schools should be educated in Catho-
lic schools and that the other half should be
*nm. tho *ia i.. tanf nnr.,,. n +fa- fntfnlie%

WASHINGTON, March 13.--"Reorganization"
-the fateful word which became last year
synonymous in some minds with "dictatorship"
-is back in the realm of Congressional contro-
versy. For, while the House of Representatives
has passed a bill providing that the President may
reorganize executive bureaus and make trans-
fers of personnel, the Senate has other ideas.
The point at issue is one that has always
wrecked reorganization plans-who shall have
the final say, the President or both Houses or
either House of .Congress?
The House bill theoretically gives Congress a
voice by providing that, when the President issues
an executive order reorganizing bureaus, it shall
be final unless Congress within sixty days shall
by resdlution say "no." Members of the Senate
want to do the opposite. They wish to provide
that no executive order for reorganization shall
be valid unless Congress gives specific approval
within sixty days.
On its face, the propositions look alike, but
they are fundamentally different. In the one
instance, the President's order would probably
prevail, because it is easy to block any legislation
that must be passed within a certain time limit.
Conversely, if the other plan were used, it would
be easy for a small grou to prevent the Presi-
dent's plan from going into effect, because they
could block affirmative action.
The delays incident to committee action, the
filibusters and the other pa'rliamentary devices
that can be employed are such that, if it were
left to Congress to disapprove as a matter of
original action, the President would really con-
-trol reorganizations, whereas, if the President
had to .get specificapproval in each instance and
wait on Congress to act, there would be no re-
organizations except in a few cases.
This stalemate, for such it really is, is based.on
the desire of the Executive, "on the one hand, to
put through consolidation of bureaus, and on
an equal desire on the part of members of Con-
gress to protect the jobs of their friends and,
in some cases, their. political henchmenwho were
placed in the bureaus by these same members of
The "reorganization" issue became obscured by
an atmosphere of "dictatorship" a year ago only
because it was projected after the President
tried to "reorganize" the Supreme Court of the
United States. Had Mr. Roosevelt proposed the
Executive Reorganization Bill ahead of the
Supreme Court legislation, he would have been
successful, because Congress was not in a sus-
picious mood. A combination of influences-job-
holders who did not want to be molested in what
they conceive to be life-time tenure and members
of Congress who were importuned by telegrams
and letters to fight "usurpation" of power-de-
feated the last "reorganization" bill.
* From the standpoint of the true public interest.
none of the plans as yet proposed goes to the
heart of the question of reorganizing the Federal
Government to save money and get better results
for the money spent. Most of the suggestions
thus far made relate to so-called administrative
efficiency without setting forth any criterion for
determining efficiency.
What, for instance, is the true Federal func-
tion? This has never been clearly defined by
Congress. Likewise, is tjhe Federal Government
a business or is it a welfare institution? While
business methods are always desirable even in
welfare agencies, the whole character of the in-
stitution changes when the profit motive is ab-
sent. The Federal Government today is a mix-
ture of many purposes, motives, functions and
The real trouble with the Federal Government
structure is that Congress has imposed no system
of constant revision or check on federal laws
except the casual attention given when appro-
priation bills are rushed through, without a look
at the whale srfinnal nv~rnmmnt in +l u Bah

Spanish Issue Clarified
To the Editor:
We feel that it is necessary at this time to
make definite clarification of the stand that we
have assumed in our recent letters to the Daily.
The attacks that we have received in the columns
now demand it. It is apparent from the letter of
Harvey Swados that the fine art of dialectics i
being thrown into the background; emotion and
bias is triumphing over an attempt to get at the
truth of the situation. Everyone is sharpened by
bias; ours is not a conflict between the biased
and the unbiased, but between those who are
conscious of their bias and those who are not.
The indignation that prompted us to seek into
the Spanish situation arose from reading the
various articles in the Daily and from hearing
various speakers that came to this campus. We
realized full well that the approach to the Span-
ish question was far too lopsided. We heard of
the religious persecutions in the most Catholic
country in the world; we saw our own Catholic
Church in that country being attacked openly in
the Daily. We felt his insidious attempt to link
the Catholic Church with Fascism-that Church
whose very traditions and structure represents
an eternal barrier to narrow nationalism, that
Church that teaches universal fellowship and
fraternity. We know its enemies--the communists
and fascists that seek to destroy the very founda-
tions of our public worship.
This has not been an attack upon our religion
alone, but upon all others, Jewish and Christian.
But the approach to, the religious persecution
throughout the world, too, has been too lopsided.
The protest is directed against a person rather
than against a wrong. The attempt has been to
make people hate Hitler more than the wrong.
If, though, we hated persons less and wrongs
more, then our moral indignation would be uni-
versal. We feel that the people must hate wrong
because it is wrong, and then our hate of religious
persecution will be universal-such has not been
the case.
We have looked into the Spanish situation,
found that our skepticism toward the overwhelm-
ingly Leftist propaganda in this country was
justified and now we want to debate the issue.
When we debate we do not expect our opponents
to denounce; we must accept the existence of
an objective morality as a standard of ethics
upon which to debate. This standard has been
denied us, i.e., whatever Leftists do or write is
right, and whatever the Rightists do is bad,
We don't say that the rebels are entirely fault-
less, but we do deny that the Loyalists are as
faultless. as our Leftist friends and their fellow
mentors would have us think.
These pro-Leftists never jade from denouncing
the persecution of the religious fervor in Italy
and Germany, but how few were the honorable
that took up that same cry against suppression
of it in Russia and Mexico. They see no lack of
logic in the fact that they denounce the inter-
vention from Germany and Italy and applaud
the intervention of Russia and France. We all de-
plore the inhumanity of killing innocent civilians
from the air, but we cannot understand the posi-
tion of people like Mr. Swados that are indig-
nant when Guernica is bombed and who raise no
protest against the bombings of Saragossa, Tab
avera, Seville, Avila or Granada by the Left.
Our bias is the hatred of religious persecution;
our prejudice is truth, which we are trying to
uncover. Arguments must be met with arguments.
Contrary to the pro-Loyalist declarations, we be-'
lieve that the government in Spain that re-
sulted from the 1936 election was not democratic,
therefore not a government de jure; that the
'government' was not free from communism, but
controlled by it; that there was religious perse-
cution on the part of the Left; that there was
no government de facto, permitting these atroci-
ties; and that a revolt of some kind was justi-
fied. Our sense of right will not permit us to
believe in nor defend merciless bombing of civil-
ians by either side; nor will our sense of just-
ness let us defend foreign intervention on either
We dislike ex parte arguments, but we welcome
the exchange of different points of view. To those
who think that these letters have been too long,
let them remember that the Spanish situation
can not be summed up convincingly in a few

short inches. We will follow this with more argu-
ments to defend our former allegations.
John O'Hara
Jorge Carulla
Cas Sojka.
Burns Huttlinger

ByRoy Heath
TeGlory Departs . .
The Windermere Hotel on Chica-
go's South shore was a glorious
place to be last Saturday night. The
Western Conference wrestling and
indoor track championships were
brilliant pages in the annals of ath-
letic endeavour and the bars were
down as far as the assembled ath-
letes and coaches were concerned.
Appearances of worry and strain
had disappeared from every face,
replaced by relief, mixed with liberal
dashes of dejection, happiness or
sheepishness, depending on how the'
owner of the countenance in ques-
tion had fared in contests of the past
two days.
Coaches stood in groups with their
athletes, friends, newsmen and camp
followers, post-morteming the meet.
One or two sat in obscure corners of
the lobby like Napoleon on his rock,
figuring how a different break in this
or that event would have meant the
difference between weary disappoint-
ment and hilarious celebration.
Here and there, partisans of Mich-
igan's opponents on the track con-
templated the prospect of Big Ten
championships to come when the'
lanky, pesimistic figure of Charles B.
Hoyt would not be on hand to re-
mind them that their institutions
would have to deal with the Wolver-
ines before they could even think of
a championship.
This fellow Doherty, they decided,
just couldn't be as rough as that
mild-eyed Gloomy Gus who had sty-
mied practically every attempt to
make him get off of or at least move
over on the Big Ten track throne. A
nice, encouraging little piece of wish-
ful thinking, that, but doomed to
dashing when the first Doherty team
takes the track.
The color of the scene as athletes
wearing the brilliantly hued letter
sweaters of their respective schools
started on expeditions into the wilds
of brightest Chicago, bantering with
their erstwhile opponents, jibing
losers in a friendly manner and
razzing winners in the same tone;
would have put one of P. T. Barnum's
spectacles to shame. It was a great
place to be.
Sunday about noon I returned to
the Windermere. The glory was
gone. Utterly dead. and highly re-
spectable was the atmosphere in the
lobby of the edifice which a few hours
before had been bursting with heart-
break and elation .
A chair which the day before had
held the portly bulk of Wisconsin's
Tom Jones as he planned his fore-
doomed campaign to heave Michigan
out of the track championship, now
contained an overweight matron of
early vintage, conscientiously view-
ing with alarm the reduced yield 'of
investments left her by her late la-;
mented husband. Bless his memory..
It was like going back to the fair
grounds after the circus is gone.
People who had gone completely un-
noticed in the hub-bob and life of
the days before now reappeared from
their obscurity, as weary after the
invasion of wrestlers and runners as
the departed invaders.
Money, lap-dogs, heavy perfumes
and, small-talk were once more the
order of the day. Propriety reigned'
stuffily and supremely. All was
right with the wrld
*' * *
Phmde,'s Keeper'

SANTA FE, N.M., Feb. 19.-
Here is a contribution to the State
penitentiary monthly newspaper:
"Would you be so kind as to insert
the phollowing ad in your lost and
phound column:
"Lost, the eph key phrom my type-.
writer. Phour dukes reward phor re-
turn oph same as I phind it very un-
handy and phor that matter a little.
undigniphied trying to make out
withoust iA.
"Signed, Phrank Phutller."
for the last), Ric lard McKelvey is
working on the Junior Girls' Play,
"Pig in a Poke." which will grace the
boards of the Lydia Mendelssohn
one week after the "Hospital Hill"
production. Mr. McKelvey, we are
m2iade to understand, 'is being kept
busy these days teaching the girls
how to smoke a pipe and do the can-
can. The reason for the former is that
this musical will have the junior girls
taking over the male roles; the reason
for the latter we leave to your well-
developed imagination.
The third and'final presentation to
be seen this month will be Play Pro-
duction's "Two Gentlemen of Vero-
na." It will undoubtedly afford the-
atre-lovers a memorable evening for
it is seldom that this Shakespearean
comedy is offered on the stage. Fur-
ther, Play Production will combine
with The School of Music and the

Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the University.
Copy received at the office of the . Assistant to the President until 3:30 P.M.;
11:00 A.M. on Saturday.

(Continued from Page 2) ;
students who expect to be recom-
mended for a degree in June should
file a formal application in the of-
fice of the Graduate School by
March 17. At the same time a doc-
toral student must submit the title
of his thesis as he wishes it to appear1
in the Commencement program.
C. S. Yoakum, Dean.t
Actuarial Students: The mathema-
tical examination offered by the Pru-
dential Insurance Company will be
given Tuesday, March 14, from 3 to 5
p.m., in 3011 A.H.
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate: A tentative list of candi-
dates in the School of Education, Col-
lege of Literature, Science, and the
Arts, College of Architecture, and
Graduate School to be recommended
for the Teacher's Certificate in June
has been posted on the bulletin board
in Room 1431 U.E.S. Any student
whose name does not appear on this
list and who wishes to be so listed
should report this fact at once to
the Recorder of the School of Edu-
cation, 1437 U.E.S.
Organ Recital: Palmer Christian,
University Organist, will play a pro-
gram of organ music by Bach, Ra-a
meau, Stamitz, and Widor on the
Frieze Memorial Organ, Wednesday
afternoon, March 15, at 4:15 o'clock
in the Hill Auditorium, to which the
general public is invited without ad-
mission charge.
Students Recital: A miscellaneous
program of vocal, violin, and piano
numbers will be played by advanced
students of the School of Music at at
recital Tuesday evening, March 14 atI
8:15 o'clock in the School of Music
Building. The general public is in-
vited to listen to Margaret 'Martin,
Soprano; Baldwin Mikovits, Violin-.
ist; Celia Chao, Nancy Dawes, and
Jeannette Haien, Pianists.-
Mr. Arthur Stace, editor of the AnnI
Arbor News, will give the fourth of
the Supplementary Lecture Series In
Journalism at 3 o'clock, Wednesday
afternoon, March 15, in the third-
floor amphitheatre of the Rackham
Building. Mr. Stace's lecture "Pic-i
tures in the News" will be illustrated
with slides. The public is invited.r
French Lecture: The sixth lecture
on the Cercle Francais prdgram willf
take place Thursday, March 16,. atj
4:15 p.m. in the Natural Science Au-
.Madame Arline Caro-Delvaille, dis-
tinguished French author, journalist
and lecturer will speak, on "Voyage
au Perigord." The lecture is accom-
panied with motion picture. '
American Chemical Society Lee-
ture. Professor 'Edward 'Mack, Jr.,
of the University of North Carolina,'
will speak on "Structure of Some
Typical Organic Molecules as Illus-f
trated 'by Scaled 'Models" in Room
303, Chemistry Building, Thursday,;
March 16, at 4:15 p.m. The public
is invited.c
Events Today 7
lorestry Assembly: There will 'bei
an assembly of the School of For-I
estry and Conservation in the amphi-'
theatre 'of the Rackham Building at,
11 a.m. today at which Mr. Stanley A.,
Fontanna, Deputy Director of the
Michigan State Department of Con-
servation, will speak on the activities;
of that Department. All:students in
the School of Forestry and Conserva-1
tion are expected to attend, and any
others interested are cordially invited
to do so.;
Biological Chemistry Seminar:
This evening at 7:30 p.m., 'Roon
319 West Medical Bldg. "The Bio-

logical Synthesis' of Amino Acids".
will be discussed. All interested are
Mathematics Club will meet to-
night at 8 p.m., in the West
Conference Room of the Rackhiam
Building. Dr. P. C. Hammer will
speak on "Linear Transformations in
a Desarguesian Geometry."
Exhibition of Modern Book Art:.
Printing and Illustration, held under
the sponsorship of the Ann Arbor
Art Association. Rackham Building,
third floor Exhibition Room; daily
except Sunday, 8 a.m. to 10 p.m.;
through March 25. .
Exhibition, College of Architecture:
Modern hand-blocked linens, de-
signed by Professor Frank of Ger-
many, loaned to the College of Archi-
tecture by the Chicago Workshops,
ground floor corridor cases. Open
dail9 to +5 untilMeuoh 15 rthp

University of Michigan Excavations
in Egypt.
University Lecture: Dr. P. Sargent
Florence, Professor of Commerce at
the University of Birmingham, Eng-
land, will lecture on "The British
Cooperative Movement" at 4:15 pan.,
Thursday, March 16, in the Rackham
Lecture Hall, under the auspices of
the Department of Economics. The
public is cordially invited.
Henry Russel Lecture for 1938-39:
Professor Campbell Bonner,' Chair-
man of the Department of Greek, will
deliver the Henry Russel Lecture for
1938-39, on the subject, "Sophocles,
Aristotle, and the Tired Business
Man," at 4:15 p.m., Wednesday,
March 22, in the Rackham Amphithe-
atre. The announcement of the Henry
Russel Award for 1938-39 will be
made at this time. The public is cor-
dially invited.
Naval Architecture and Marine En-
gineering: A lecture upon Modern
Marine Boilers and Auxiliaries will be
given on Wednesday, March 15 at
7:30 p.m. in Room 348 West En-
gineering Building by Mr. L. M. Rake-
Mr. Rakestraw is Asst. Manager,
Marine Department of the Foster
Wheeler Corporation of New York
City. The lecture will be illustrated
by lantern slides and is open to the
Botanical Journal Club: Tonight,
7:30 p.m. Room N.S. 1139, March
14, 1939.
Reports by-
Mr. Laing, Recent investigations on
the influence of Vitamine B (Thio-
mine) on root growth.
Mr. Dunham, A discussion of grow-
ing plants in water instead of soil.
Mr. James, Selenium injury to
plants and animals.
Miss Scheer, Is there a flower hor-
mone distinct from growth hor-
mones? A review of several papers.
Chairman: Professor F. G. Gustaf-
Law School Case Club Trials: The
Case Club courts will hear the argu-
ments of 'counsel in the Freshman
Case Club Final Competition today at
4 p.m. The same case will be 'argued
in each of the four courts before a
three-judge bench consisting of a
faculty member, the regular student
judge in charge of the respective
court, and a senior or graduate stu-
dent as visting judge. These hear-
ings are open to the public and should
be of particular interest to pre-legal
The cases will all be heard in Hut-
chinis Nall in the following rooms:
#Marshall Club (Judge Clifford
Christenson) Room 218.
story Club (Judge Bruce M. Smith)
Room 220.
Kent Club (Judge Ralph E. Help-
er) Room 120.
Cooley Club (Judge Thoma's Mun-
son) Room 116.
The suit is a proceeding in equity
on behalf of a popular radio crooner
to enjoin a radio broadcasting com-
pany from broadcasting phonograph
records of .his vocal selections. The
recordings 'were made undera royal-
ty agreement with the record manu-
facturer with the understanding that
they were not to be used for broad-
casting purposes, and each disc bore
a stamp stating that it was "not li-
censed for broadcasting." The play-
ing of the records has diminished the
radio audiences and also cut down
the royalties from sales of recordings.
Algebra Seminar, Will meet today
at 4 p.m. in 3201 AH. Mr. Arnold
will speak on "Factor Algebras."
Christian Science Organiation:
8:15 p.m. League Chapel. Students

alumni and .faculty are invited to at-
tend the services.
The Student Senate will meet in
Room -302, Michigan Union, at 7:30
p.m., tonight.
Polish Eiigineriing Society: There
will be a meeting tonight at 7:30
in the Women's League.
A talk on "Europe" will be present-
ed by Mr. J. C. Czudak who has just
recently spent one year traveling ex-
tensively throughout France, *Ger-
nany, :Poland, Turkey, Greece -and
many other countries.
Freshman Handbook: All those in-
terested in revising the Freshmian
Randbook will meet at Lane Hall this
evening at 7:15.
Phi'Delta Kappa. The xegular
monthly meeting of Omega Chapter
will be held ,tonight at 7:30 in the
Rackham Building. Mr. eneth Mor-
gan of the Student Religious Associa-





Past The Ides
The last few weeks of March will see the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre crowded with as diverge
dramatic offerings as a theatre-goer could hope
for. Shakespeare and two original works, one a
drama, the other a musical comedy, are all in
rehearsal at this writing.
The drama, first of the three to be presented,
is "Hospital Hill," the work of Harold Gast and
S. H. S. Dann. Under the auspices of the Hillel
pl - ..p c- a 71 ,n .


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