f tit, MICHIGAN DAILY
.'i.' u r, u i. s i . n 1i, I 39
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SATTJ~T)A~, MARCh 11,1939
b4y David La vrence-
More "It Spa hit
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Suma "rhSession.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rightsof republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4.00; by mail, $4.50.
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Associate Editor . .
Associate Editor. . .
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sports Editor. . .
Robert D. Mitchell
Albert P. Mayio
. Horace W. Gilmore
. Robert I. Pit~henry
* . S. R. Kliman
. . Robert Perman
. . Joseph Gies
. . Dorothea Staebler
. . Bud Benjamin
Business Manager. . . , . Philip W. Buchen
Credit Manager . . . Leonard P. Siegelman
Advertising Manager... William L. Newnan
Women's Business Manager Helen Jean Dean
Women's Service Manager . . Marian A. Baxter
NIGHT EDITOR: ELLIOTT MARANIS
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
For Democracy .
j T IS BROMIDIC to say thdt the only
g way to prove anything to Hitler is to
show him the size of your army and the number
of your airplanes; the only way to stop his on-
ward drive is to make your military forces vastly
superior to his. ,It is common sense to realize
that if fascist aggression can be stopped, a gen-
eral European war can be avoided. It is in that
way that the "peace in our times" can be attained
and that this peace can be based upon honorable
principles, something that was not gained at
Munich or in Spain. In order to accomplish this
end, however, the air fleets of Britain and France
must be enlarged,
Since military production in a democracy is
limited by the popular demand for consump-
tive goods, the military forces of Britain and
France, the "great democracies," must be aug-
mented by another nation whose interests coin-
cide with theirs. It is up to the United States there
fore, to aid the democracies in building their
air fleet and thus helping them to adopt a firm
stand toward aggressors. The recent cash sale of
planes to France by President Roosevelt was
just such a step.
The sale, however, was strongly opposed by
the substantial bloc of those who desire a foreign
policy based upon American isolation. Recent
developments both here and abroad show the
impossibility of such a policy. Although it is
practically impossible for a fleet of foreign planes
to reach the United States under the existing
limitations upon long distance airplane travel,
especially those limitations for heavily loaded
bombers, we are far from invulnerable to foreign
propaganda. The recent Bund rally proved that
the effects, moreover, of a general European
war upon our national economy would be far-
reaching and disorganizing. Our foreign trade
which has so much to do with our production and
prosperity could only be thrown into a state
Our foreign policy, therefore, must not be
based upon a quixotic theory of isolation, but,
upon a more realistic, pragmatic attempt to
prevent thegeneralsEuropean war that could
only have such disastrous consequences. The
policy of helping the "great democracies" is such
American aid to the democracies, however, does
not mean that that aid must be unqualified. 4T
the present leaders of the governments of Britain
and France do not sincerely desire to take a firm
stand against the aggressors and thus preserve
lasting peace in the only possible way, there
can be no excuse for our giving these "grq
democracies" our help. But if these governments
are not equipped to assumea stand, our inter-
related interests should force us to give them
aid, physically as well as morally.
The situation demands a clarification and
explanation of policy from Chamberlain and
Daladier. It also demands an intensive investiga-
tion by American authorities of all pertinent
factors before they offer American aid in any
way to the "great democracies." The situation de-
mands an expression of opinion from the Ameri-'
can people, declaring their belief in peace and
To the Editor:
In an editorial in the Daily (Mar. 3) S. R.
Kleiman said: "As for communism in Spain,
communism is not, and never has been a true
issue in Spain. It was made a false issue by those
who sought to create a "Red" scare and seize
power themselves. When the revolt broke out in
1936, the Rebels were acting with the aid of
Italian Fascists, utilizing Italian planes, but not
one member of the Cabinet of Spain was a
Communist. There were 16 communist repre-
sentatives in the Spanish Parliament out of a
total of more than 500." For accurate informa-
tion there were only 473 members to the Cortes,
but as to the other facts so blandly stated, we
wonder if the editor knows what he is talking
about. Let us examine the facts and draw our
As a result of a fraudulent and undemocratic
election in February 1936, as we pointed out in
our letter of March 8, the Leftists got the major-
ity of seats in the Cortes. The biggest and strong-
est part of the Left coalition was the Socialist
party under the leadership of Francisco Largo
Caballero; it held about 89 seats. We will admit
that there were only 16 members of the Com-
munist Party in the Cortes, but we contend that
there was no practical difference between the
Socialists and the Communists. The words of
Caballero himself as said to H. Edward Knob-
laugh, Associated Press corespondent in ladrid
for many years, express the fact well. Mr. Knob-
laugh reports the statement on pages 16 and 17
of his book "Correspondent in Spain:"
K noblaugh Speaks
"I had almost laughed at Francisco Largo Cab-
allero, veteran leader of the Socialist-Communist
party when he had told me, in an interview in
his cell while still prisoner for his part in the
Left revolt of Oct., 1934:
'We will win at least 265 seats. The whole
existing order will be overturned. Azana will
play Kerensky to my. Lenin. Within five years
the republic will be so organized that it will be
easy for my party to use it as a stepping stone
to our objective. A union of Iberian Soviet re-
publics-that is our aim. The Iberian peninsula
will again be one country. Portugal will come
in, peaceably we hope, but by force if necessary.
You see here behind bars the future master of
Spain! Lenin declared Spain would be the second
Soviet Republic in Europe. Lenin's prophecy will
Knoblaugh continues:" . . . Fearing that Lar-
go Caballero, if the reaction to his sensational
statement were unfavorable enough, might at-
tempt to repudiate it, I played safe against a
'kick-back.' Before I filed it, I submitted the
cable containing the interview to him in the
presence of one of his lieutenants, Maximo Fer-
nandez. When Maximo, a Communist writer with
a reading knowledge of English, confirmed my
translation into Spanish, Largo heartily ap-
proved it. Taking an extra precaution, I took a
newspaper clipping of his statement as translated
into Spanish and printed on page one under a
banner-line by the New York Spanish language
newspaper, La Prensa. He again endorsed it."
For those who doubt the statement, it behooves
them to prove to the contrary. For us it clearly
establishes the communistic issue in Spain and
shows how communistic the Socialist party was.
But for those who would like to have the fact
verified in another way, the New York Times
of Feb. 23 says: "The chief opponents in the
election were the Left, or the Popular Front,
and the Right National, or anti-revolutionary
Front. Fundamentally each side was stamped by
its traditional attitude toward the power of the
Catholic Church-anti-clericalism versus cleri-
"Mr. Largo Caballero, who likes the title of
'the Spanish Lenin' given him by his followers,
heads the Socialist faction favoring violence if
it cannot achieve its end quickly by parliamen-
tary methods. It now dominates the party and
has completely silenced the moderate 'revolu-
tionary' elements . . .
"The Socialists are by far the strongest party
in the victorious left coalition, but their leader
Mr. Largo Caballero, has already announced
that they do not wish to take Cabinet posts
or participate directly in the government for the
time being. When they entered the coalition they
made it clear that they were doing so merely
to win the election and obtain an amnesty for
their comrades in prison.
"Already there are evidences of discord within
the Left Coalition. Mr. Azana resented the
Socialist demands for their immediate decree of
reforms listed in the Popular Front program
without waiting for parliament to open and acA
on these projects." The reforms listed briefly
were: amnesty for the 30,000 prisoners who took
part in the communist revolt in the 'Asturias in
1934 in an attempt to set up a Soviet state there;
confiscation of the big estates; and gradual sup-
pression of Catholic education.
Azana 'Mere Fror '
At that time the Preimier was Azana, who
was not a member of the Caballero Socialist
party. Azana was a mere front for the goverrii
ment controlled by Caballero. "Everyone here now
expects that Premier Azana will soon find that
he has outlived his usefulness in the eyes o-4
his extremist followers especially when he has to
use force to preserve order." (N.Y. Times, Feb.
23, 1936). Again on March 2: "A demonstration
of 100 00 Communists and Soeialists turned nut
WASHINGTON, March 7.-Peace negotiations
between the AFL and the CIO, with the federal
government as mediator, will delay, if not per-
haps erase altogether, the chances of amend-
ing the Wagner Labor Relations Act at this
session of Congress.
The announcement by Senator Thomas of
Utah, chairman of the Senate Committee on
Labor, that, in view of the negotiations, the
hearings on proposed amendments must be post-
poned, has been published, but back of it lies
a determination on the part of one labor group
to prevent from coming up in Congress the very
subject matter of te dispute,
Thus, as one CIO leader said, how could there
be any peace negotiations if Congress were con-
sidering the emasculation of those provisions
of the existing law which permit industrial
Announcement has come nevertheless from
AFL sources that bills are to be sponsored for
a re-creation of the labor board. This means
getting rid of all the present memberships and
requiring new appointments by the President
and, of course, new confirmation by the Senate.
Wagner Act Central
What the AFL has done is in line with action
taken at their annual Executive Committee meet-
ing in Miami recently, but it would be surprising
if the bills were pushed at this time Certainly,
the peace negotiations will not get very far if the
struggle as between craft and industrial unions
is transferred to Capitol Hill. Under such cir-
cumstances, the CIO negotiators might well de-
cline to go on until the issue had been settled
The tight to prevent any amendments from
being made to the Wagner Act is one which will
take on renewed significance according as the
negotiations may seem to rise or fall. Thus, while
at the moment the CIO has an advantage in
keeping the legislative situation at a standstill,
the impending threat of a legislative step which
may define the respective jurisdictions of craft
and industrial unions and forbid the Board to
exercise discretionary judgment will be in the
background as the negotiators between AFL and
CIO pursue their arguments across the peace
Sees Long AFL-CIO Talks
That the debate will be prolonged seems in-
evitable. Even if there is a meeting of minds,
the details of a truce or working agreement until
further steps can be taken is likely to extend
over a protracted period. Certainly it seems im-
probable that, by May or June, the situation will
have clarified sufficiently for the Congress to
be willing to take a hand in the ticklish political
questions involved in deciding what is an "appro-
priate unit" for collective bargaining. What the
members of the National Labor Relations Board
have been unable to. decide satisfactorily through
a series of perplexing decisions is not likely to
prove easy for members of Congress to decide.
So it does look as if amendments to the Wagner
Act have become enmeshed to such an extent
in the circumstances surrounding the AFL-CIO
peace negotiations that it seems a safe bet of
"no legislation" at all this session. Employer
organizations, which have been hopeful that
the AFL would blaze the trail and get action on
the subject in Congress, will find that the hoped-
for initiative is now thwarted by a situation em-
barrassing alike to the AFL and to the Adminis-
tration. The CIO may well refuse to negotiate if
the subject is interjected in the next few months
This means a postponement until the con-
gressional session of January, 1940. Members of
Congress will not like it very much, because,
whichever way they vote, many of them will
find they will have incured enmities. '
Vatican." March 15: "Mr. Azana wants to go
back to the War Ministry . . . Thus he would
not personally be obliged to make a break be-
tween his party and the Marxists."
The New York Times of Feb., 1936, carries
other interesting reports of the Socialist pro-
gram. These reports may be read in similar
articles in the French paper "Le Temps" of Feb.,
1936. It is of note that at this time the strict
censorship of the news to foreign counries was
not yet in force. Feb. 16: "The socialists now
repudiate the 'bourgeois republican' Constitu-
tion they helped write in 1931 and want it revised
to provide for the immediate nationalization of
land and banks. Their goal frankly is a proletar-
ian dictatorship similar to Russia's with the elim-
ination of the Catholic religion and the substi-
tution of atheism . . ."
N. Y. Times, Feb. 29: ". . . Mr. Largo Cab-
allero now promises his partisans henceforth
to carry on with the Marxist aim of establish-
ing a proletarian aim of establishing a proletarian
dictatorship in Spain-with or without the help
of his Left Republican allies."
N. Y. Times, Feb. 21: "Victorious Leftists con-
tinued to spread disorder throughout the 'coun-
try in disturbances directed against Catholics
and Rightists . . . In the midst of the Leftist
celebrations came the prediction that the estab-
lishment of the new government was a stepping
stone to a Spanish Soviet. They said they hoped
to be able to achieve a 'Union of Iberian Soviet
Republics' within the next five years. Lenin pre-
dicted," it continued, "that Spain would be the
second Soviet Republic in Europe. His prediction
has taken a great step toward the fulfillment
with the Leftist' election victory."
N.Y. Times, Feb. 23: "Until last August mod-
Prntp -crinismm wn. nlnm rlnnenr r Ts :_.
By HELEN B. HALL
Many famous English presses are
represented in the current exhibit of
Modern Book Art in the Rackham
iBuflding. Among these are the None-
such Press by the Dickens, their fine
editions of Shakespeare and Dante's
Divine Comedy, the Nonesuch Cen-
tury, anda Congreve which dates
from the first year of this press. The
Riccardi Press is represented by the
Rupert Brooke volume. A Curwen
Press example is the volume of Nine
Poems of Yeats, published in a limit-
ed edition of twenty-five copies by
Clement Shorter, a famous biblio-
phile. From the Walpole Printing Of-
fice is a nice book on Dryden by T.
S. Eliot, and fine works are on exhibit
from the Golden Cockerell by Bert-
hold Laufer on Paper and Printing in,
Ancient China, and a volume of James
Joyce is shown from the Fountain
'Press. The Welsh Gregynog Press is
also represented. The work of the Dun
Emer Press, later changed to the
Cuala Press, run by Elizabeth Yeats,
is seen in some volumes of Yeats'
One of the finest of the French
presses is the Halcyon Press, which
produced a work by Rimbaud, de-
signed by A. A. Stols. Books from sev-
eral excellent German presses are
seen in the exhibit. The Bremer
Press, which enjoys perhaps the high-
est reputation, has done a work by
Anna Simons, also famous as a print-
er. Poeschel and Trepte do excellent
work, and are represented by several
volumes, including the Four Gospels
and a Tartuffe. The Cranach Press,'
run by a great amateur of printing,
is an international establishment. Its
chief designer is the Englishman, Eric
Gill, and the fine edition of Virgil's5
Eclogues is illustrated by the French-l
man, Maillol, and isprinted on paper1
made especially for this book. An
edition of Grimm is from the press
of Wilhelm Gerstung of Offenbach-<
an-Main, designed by Rudolph Koch,I
and illustrated by Fritz Kredel. An-
other good German press represented
is the Officina Serpentis. The En-
schede Foundry in Holland is world-
famous, and an edition of the Iliadt
and a Til Elenspiegl with amusing
colored illustrations by Richardt
Floethe are on view.
A number of smaller books printed
by the Curwen Press are interesting
chiefly for their excellent illustra-
tions, many of which are the work ofI
the English artist, McKnight Kauf-
fer. The work of Eric Gill is seen in
a book printed at his private press,
St. Dominic's. Aubrey Beardsley
worked at the beginning of this mod-t
ern period. The Dada movement isI
seen in wood cuts by Arp; while the
surrealist exponents are well repre-
sented. A list of illustrators in the
exhibit presents an imposing roster of
contemporary artists: Chirico, Bran-t
cusi, Tchelitchew, Miro, Georg Grosz,t
Picasso, Picabia with an arresting
self-portrait, Andre Masson, Yves
Tanguy, Leger, Lurcat, Derain, and
a group of Jean Cocteau illustrations.
Charley Hoyt's announced depart-
ure from Michigan's athletic depart-
ment has been duly, and even tear-
fully, commented upon by authori-
ties, players and the campus at large.
But one of the strangest, and we
think not at all improper, reactions
was that registered by a member of
his squad. Still overwrought by
Hoyt's surprising disclosure, the boy
was deeply sorrowful. "This univers-
ity will some day realize who its real
men are and try to keep them," he
said bitterly. "I know Charley's bet-
tering himself and all that, but why
couldn't the people here match what-
ever offers he got out East?"
The question went begging.
Two things cushion the shock of
his resignation, however. One is that
his new position at Yale was too at-
tractive for him to turn down, and
no one will deny that so capable and
personable a coach as Charley Hoyt
deserves the ultimate in opportunity.
The other is that Ken Doherty re-
mains here to carry on. Until now
Ken hasn't had the opportunity to
assert himself, and in the hubbub
following Hoyt's decision, there was
.a tendency to forget that a student
of track, a gentleman and a fine'
personality had been elected to the
Prof. Mentor Williams' lecture in
his American Lit, course the other.
day had progressed as usual, without
interruption, when Angell Hall began
to echo and re-echo with a concert
of canine barking. Hardly pausing to
recognize the barking, Prof. Wil-
liams added parenthetically, "It's nol
wonder President Ruthven made that
statement about fraternities."
(Continued from Page 2)
cast in Morris Hall. It is necessary
that everyone be there on time be-
cause the entire program will be gone
There will be a broadcast at 5:45
by the club.
Bowling-: There will be an exhibi-
tion of bowling at the Women's Ath-
letic Building alleys at 2:00 this
afternoon. Open to men and women.
The Program Committee of Michi-
gras will meet this afternoon at 3
p.m., at the Student Offices of the
Research Club will meet on Wed-
nesday, March 15, at 8 p.m., in thej
Amphitheatre of the Rackham Bldg.
Program : Prof. H. T. Price will;
speak on "Compositor's Grammar,"
and Dean E. H. Kraus will speak on
"Some Aspects of the Practice and
Theory of Diamond Cutting."
The Council will meet in the As-
sembly Hall at 7:30 p.m.
Forestry Assembly: There will be
an assembly of the School of For-
estry and Conservation in the amphi-
theatre of the Rackham Building at
11 a.m. on Tuesday, March 14, at+
which Mr. Stanley A. Fontanna, Dep-
uty Director of the Michigan State
Department of Conservation, will
speak on the activities of that De-
partment. All students in the School
of Forestry and Conservation are ex-
pected to attend, and any others in-
terested are cordially invited to do so.j
Physics Coll9quium: Professor J. M.
Cork will speak on "Transmutation of
Uranium" at the Physics Colloquium
on Monday, March 13 at 4:15 in
Room 1041 East Physics Bldg.
Law School Case Club Trials: Thel
Case Club courts will hear the argu-i
ments of counsel in the Freshman'
Case Club Final Competition ont
Tuesday, March 14, at 4 p.m. The
same case will be argued in each of
the four courts before a three-judge1
bench consisting of a faculty mem-1
ber; the regular student judge in
charge of the respective court, and
a senior or graduate student as visit-
ing judge. These hearings are open
to the public and should be of par-
ticular interest to pre-legal students.
, The cases will all be heard in Hut-
chins Hall in the following rooms:
Marshall Club (Judge Cliffordi
Christenson) Room 218.E
Story Club (Judge Bruce M. Smith)t
Kent Club (Judge Ralph E. Help-
er) Room 120.
Cooley Club (Judge Thomas Mun-
son) Room 116.
The suit is a proceeding in equity
on behalf of a popular radio crooner
to enjoin a radio broadcasting com-
pany from broadcasting phonograph
records of his vocal selections. The
recordings were made under a royal-
ty agreement with the record manu-
facturer with the understanding that
they were not to be used for broad-
casting purposes, and eachdisc bore
a stamp stating that it was "not li-
censed for broadcasting." The play-
ing of the records has diminished the
radio audiences and also cut down
the royalties from sales of recordings.
German Table for Faculty Mem-
bers: The regular luncheon meeting
will be held Monday at 12:10 p.m. in
the Founders' Room of the Michi-
gan Union. All faculty members in-
terested in speaking German are cor-
dially invited. There will be a brief
informal talk by Dr. Julius Wolff on,
"Die San Was Indianer in Panama."
Eastern Engineering Trip: All stu-
dents who are going on the engineer-
ing trip during Spring Vacation will
meet Sunday, March 12, in the Mich-
igan Union, to go over the proposed
The Michigan Wolverine will hold
the regular Sunday Night Social hour
March 12 from 7 until 9 p.m. It is
to be held every Sunday evening. As
a special attraction this week, Mich-
ael Massa will present his collection
of 150 of the latest dance and classi-
A light lunch will be served at a
slight charge. Members of the Wol-
verine, friends, and the public are
Druids supper meeting, Sunday,
March 12, 5:30.
New York State Students: There
will be a meeting of the New York
State Club on Tuesday, March 4.
Eight p.m. at the League. Plans for
future organization will be discussed.
The Graduate Outing Club will
meet Sunday, March 12, at the
Northwest door of the Rackham
Building at 2:30 p.m. They will go
ice skating or hiking as the weather
permits. At 5:30 p.m. there will be a
business meeting; those who are not
able to come out in the afternoon
but have been interested in the club
are asked to attend this meeting and
the supper following.
The Intermediate Class in Social
Dancing will be held Monday night,
March 13 at 7:30 in the Ballroom .
of the League instead of Wednes-
day, March 15. The Beginning Class
will meet as usual on Tuesday night.
Recreational Swimming, Women
Students. Recreational swimming for
women will be held at 4 every Mon-
day afternoon at the Union Pool. This
is sponsored by the Michigan Wom-
en's Swimming Club. Instruction in
diving will be offered for those wish-
ASU Labor Committee will meet
Sunday at 1:30 p.m. in the conference
room in Lane Hall. Please be prompt
All interested are invited.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the University.
Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President untIl 3:30 P.M.;
1i:00 A.M. on Saturday.
By HARVEY SWADOS
Un Carnet De Bal
The Art Cinema League has an-
other French film at the Lydia Men-'
delssohn. This one is Life Dances On
(Un Carnet De Bal), and while it's
no Grand Illusion, it's entertaining. It;
was done by Julien Duvivier, who has
made himself quite a reputation both
in France and in Hollywood, where
he has made a few colossals.
Life Dances On is the old spinach,
but it is done up into such a fine
bouquet that for a while you think it
might be the McCoy. Here's the idea:
a wealthy woman finds herself sud-
denly alone at the death of her hus-
band. She looks over the dance pro-
gram of her first ball, when she was
sweet 16, and she decides to look up
the boys. From here on it's any-
body's story, a little 0. Henry, a little
de Maupassant, with hearts and
flowers thrown in. One of the boys
has become a priest, another a crook,
another a small town mayor, another
an epileptic doctor, and so on. She
visits one after another, and all in all
it's quite a chamber of horrors. It
might go on indefinitely, but it ends
at a more or less arbitrary point.'
Just the same, the picture succeeds
in being an exciting job. It's true
that the episodes are pretty disjoint-
ed, but each one is good. The acting
is so good that it hurts-Hollywood
was never like this. In the picture
are Pierre Blanchard, Francoise Ro-
Program for Sunday at the Hillel
Foundation: 10:30, Council meeting.
6:00, Cost Supper.
Rabbi Maurice Eisendrath, "Rome
Christian Student Prayer Group.
All students who wish to enjoy a
Sunday afternoon hour of fellowship
are invited to meet, with the group
in the Fireplace Room at Lane Hall
at 4:15 p.m. Refreshments and sing-
ing will precede a discussion of the
14th chapter of Romans.
The Lutheran Student Club will
meet at Zion Parish Hall, 5:30 p.m.
Sunday for social hour and supper.
Prof. McAllister of the Library
School will speak on "The Rare Book
Room" at the discussion hour at 6:45.
First Baptist Church, Sunday,
10:45 a.m. Worship coinducted by
Dr. John Mason Wells, who will
Church school at 9:30 a.m. Mr.
J. E. Wiessler, leader. Class for
adults taught by Rev. H. A. Huey.
Roger Williams Guild, Suhday, -6 :15
p.m. At Guild House, 503, E. Huron.
"What is the Church's responsibility
in sponsoring social and ethical
movements?" This question will be
discussed by students with the back-
ground of the Naperville Conference
held during the holidays.
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
409 S. Division St.
Sunday mrniong service at 10:30.
Golden Text: Proverbs 3:9.
Sunday School at 11:45.
First Presbyterian - Church, 1432
10:45 a.m., Morning Worship Serv-
ice. The Rev. Walter Nichol of the