THE MICHIGAN DAILY
--by David Lawrence-
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Published every morning except Monday during the
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Board of Editors
Managing Editor . . . Robert D. Mitchell
Editorial Director . . . . . Albert P. Maylo
City Editor . . . . . Horace W. Gilmore
Associate'Editor . . . . Robert I. Fitzhenry
Associate Editor . . . . S. R. Kleiman
Associate Editor . . . . . Robert Perlman
Associate Editor . . . . . Earl Gilman
Associate Editor . . . . William Evin
Associate Editor . . . . Joseph Freedman
Book Editor . . . . . . . Joseph Gies
Women's Editor . . . . . Dorothea Staebler
Sports Editor . . . . . . Bud Benjamin
Business Manager. . . , . Philip W. Buchen
Credit Manager . . . . Leonard P. Siegelman
Advertising Manager . . . William L. Newnan
Women's Business Manager . . Helen Jean Dean
Women's Service Manager . . . Marian A. Baxter
NIGHT EDITOR: JACK CANAVAN
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
lANDWICHED among the accounts
S of intra-union conflicts, which seem
to comprise most labor news at present, are
occassionally found items that predict a more
optimistic future for labor. These items tell of
the progress the unions continue to achieve in
spite of the factional warfare among labor
leaders. The result is like a glimpse of smooth-
working machinery through the smoke that
The latest account of union-employer co-
operation comes from Lockland, Ohio, where
the AFL local at the Philip Carey factory is
following a "specific program to help raise
efficiency, improve the company's product and
assist indirectly in making sales." Close to the
actual functioning of a factory, workers often
see shortcuts and improvements in production
that escape the notice of the best efficiency ex-
perts, and some unions are better versed in the
technical knowledge of an industry than the
operators themselves. At the Philip Carey plant,
the AFL has offered this technical knowledge to
the management in return for a voice in labor
adjustments. The union has secured an oppor-
tunity to show that it can be a help to capital,
rather than a hindrance.
The classic example of mutual understanding
is, of cours.e, the close cooperation between the
clothing manufacturers and Sidney Hillman's
Amalgamated Clothing Workers. For nearly two
decades the CIO affiliate has cooperated with
the Hart, Schaffner and Marx manufacturers
in the operation of the firm, has gained for the
employes a share in the management and, as
a company official has said, has created "har-
mony and good will on the part of the people
toward the omany"
The Amalgamated has its own bank and once
loaned $100,000 to a clothing firm to keep it
from bankruptcy. Needless to say, violent labor
tactics have found no place in the men's clothing
industry. In fact, there has been no strike in the
two decades of union-management cooperation.
Another CIO affiliate, the United Mine Work-
ers. of America, has also succeeded in gradually
attaining the respect and confidence of the em-
ployer. Again the relationship has gone beyond
merely a spirit to cooperate. Union funds have
often been used to bolster mines in danger of
receivership, and the UMWA has received the
cooperation and trust of the operators in return.
The bitter struggle last year between the
Steel Workers' Organizing* Committee and Tom
Girdler's Republic Steel Corporation seems to
preclude any possibility of mutual understand-
ing in the steel industry. Yet this struggle was
merely a front-line engagement; behind the
lines the SWOC was acquiring the friendship of
many steel companies. SWOC officials have
established schools in which steel workers take
courses ;in collective bargaining and grievance
adjustment, have drawn up a manual or co-
operation and have worked out a plan to cut
production costs in steel manufacture.
These are tangible proofs of the possibility
of cooperation between capital and labor. In
each instance the chief aims of the unions-to
protect the workers and to better their working
conditions-have been accomplished peacably,
uw ,-,i~m ~na- t ittian n etriiq r Ma, ecR
Another Spanish Catholic Speaks
To the Editor:
We are told in Mr. Carulla's article, among
other things which I do not dispute, that Spain
"is the most Catholic country in the world."
As a fervent Catholic, educated in Catholic
schools in Spain, I had manifold opportunities
to observe the religious life of the country, both
among the poor and among the rich, and evi
dently what I found does not square with the
optimistic dictum of Mr. Carulla.
Every human aspect seems to have a dual
aspect,' at least in Spain, the idealistic and
realistic, much like the famous work of Cer-
vantes, the world of Don Quixote and the world
of Sancho Panza. Mr. Carulla, like Don Quixote,
sees the idealizations of our group, full of plati-
tudes and empty idealism, which added to his
own produce a perfectly ditsorted view of Spain.
Some of us (old Catholics indeed), the tough
realistic minded Sanchos, see misery, brutality,
waste, and lack of human dignity in "the most
Catholic country in the world." But my dis-
agreement needs facts, which I shall supply, to
prove incorrect the naive optimism of Mr.
1. "The most Catholic country in the world"
would not permit a corrppt monarchy,
aristocracy and army to use the churches '
to display their vanity.
2. It is incompatible with "the most Catholic
country in the world" to allow hordes of
beggars at the doors of the churches,
while the rich, well fed and clad, toss few
coins (and stop at it) to prolongate the
miserable life of the disinherited.
3. A country where the rich are overfed,
abandon themselves to lust and cruelty,
while the masses perish of filth and star-
vation, cannot be called "the most Catho-
lic country in the world."
4. The morals of our nobles and rules had
been, in general, pagan. They made a
virtue of each one of the capital sins. Yet,
paradoxically, they call themselves "the
most Catholic" people.
5. A country owned by few, where the masses
toil the soil day after day to support few
parasites, admits slavery, and Catholic
morality condemns it.
6. Civil wars cannot take place in "the
most Catholic country in the world," be-
cause everybody would love his neighbor
with brotherly love. Yet people in Spain
kill each other.
7. Catholics evaluate the dignity of each
man, yet our people suffer the traditional
sin of soberbia. Egoism has become a
8. The sadistic amusement of killing bulls
is cruel and morbid, and lacks moderation,
but "the most Catholic country in the
world" has made out of it the national
sport. etc., etc.
This is sufficient to show that Spain, far from
being "the most Catholic country in the world,"
needs an immense work in missionary work to
spread the gospel of charity among a divided
nation, fallen into the depraved cruelty of a
Wanted: Fraternity Blueprint
To the Editor:
I have been a fraternity member for three
years and I must confess that Dr. Ruthven's
report to the Board of Regents concerning the
fraternity situation is something that I don't
When Dr. Ruthven says "these organizations
have consistently failed to realize their possi-
bilities for service, either as rooming houses or
educational units" I fail to perceive the point.
Perhaps all he says is true-perhaps the ideal
state that he believes should exist has never
existed and, never having existed, how are we to
know what is expected of us?
Having lived in a rooming house during my
freshman year and comparing those conditions
with the rooming conditions in the fraternity
house, it is incomprehensible to me what Dr.
Ruthven means when he deplores the rooming
situation in fraternity houses. Of course, having
no P.W.A. funds available, the fraternities can-
not build new houses that would compare with
the new dorms being built. It seems to me that
the recent activity in the building of dorms isj
the first manifestation of any activity on tp
part of the University to improve housing condi-
tions-so why should the fraternities be pilloried
when the University has been guilty of the same
I would also like to know the meaning of the
statement "fostering the ideals and forwarding
the work of the University." In brief, I would like
a definition of what is an "ideal rooming situa-
tion"-just what are the "ideals" we are expected
to further? Give to the fraternities some speci-
fic and tangible program and I'm sure that they
will cooperate to the fullest extent. Generalities
are fine sounding terms but they do little to
solve any problem.
-Ted J. Madden, '39
"Evidence that the President intended the
sales to France and Britain to be indicative of
an alignment with them is seen by those who
maintain that the President went over the heads
of the War and Navy departments in sanction-
ing the sales. A survey of the administration
foreign policy leaves little doubt that the Presi-
dent favors active cooperation with the demo-
cratic states of Eurone."
WASHINGTON, March 6-Democracy cele-
brated its 150th birthday in a manner calculuated
to live long in the memory of man. The scene at
the Capitol last Saturday will ever be remem-
bered not for the extraordinary picture of the
Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches of
the Government in formal assembly, but for the
confession of faith of all parties, all groups, al!
factions in the unchanging spirit of representa-
Every word spoken seemed o carry unusual
significance on account of the troubled condi-
tion of the world and particuluarly because of
the peril into which human liberties have been
thrust by arbitrary power.
Without preconceived concert and without
collaboration, the utterances of America's lead-
ers conveyed a remarkable unanimity of thought.
And, whatever differences of party or economic
bias may have been astir on other occasions in
the same surroundings, there was not one echo
of it in the wholehearted devotion of all con-
cerned to the tenets and principles of American
The ovation to the President and to the Chief
Justice were unmistakable in their sincerity-
a combination of personal esteem and admira-
tion and the respect which is given to high
office in America. One saw Mr. Roosevelt ap-
plauding as Chief Justice Hughes was introduced
and one saw the Chief Justice and the members
of the Supreme Court joining in the testimonial
to the Chief Executive.
Speakers Reaffirm Democracy
In not a single sentence of these speeches did
one observe any acrimony, even by implication,
with reference to domestic controversy. But one
felt throughout the ceremonies that the whole
celebration was involuntarily designed to answer
the skeptics who have lost faith in the efficacy
of democracy as a system of government. If the
contrast between the liberties that are enjoyed
in Free America and the suppression of liberties
in the totalitarian states was evident, it was not
so much in order to cast aspersions in other
forms of government, but to revivify and re-
etnphasize the American faith in her own sys-
tem and in the attributes of democratic repre-
sentative government throughout the world.
Mr. Roosevelt's address carried perhaps the
most pointed reference of all to external hap-
penings. When he asked whether America
should "by our silence lend encouragement to
those who today persecute religion or deny it,"
and when he answered that self-same question
with an emphatic "no," he was exercising one
of the American basic rights of free comment
and free speech. He was endeavoring to utter the
moral judgment of a nation at a time when
there is somewhat of a tendency to cry out, as
did Cain: "Am I my brother's keeper?" This in-
difference to the fate of man elsewhere, this
assumption of an attitude of complete detach-
ment from what is happening abroad, even to
the point of denying a word of sympathy to
oppressed human beings in other countries, is
not in accord with tradition, but springs from a
recently developed idea that, even when the blood
of innocent persons is being spilled unjustly,
there must be neutrality of word and thought.
Roosevelt Renounces Isolation
The President renounced this concept of isolat-
ed Americanism. He might have, if he wished,
gone back into the records from the beginning
of the American Republic to find on many occa-
sions, in resolutions of Congress, in platform
planks of both parties, in declarations of o.W
Department of State and by civic and patriotic
organizations, unrestrained pronouncements of
America's sympathy with downtrodden peoples.
Mr. Roosevelt might have recalled the way
Americans of all parties and all classes spoke
clearly their sympathy with the Irish people in
their long struggle for freedom. Technically, it
was none of America's business, but, morally and
actually, it was a sympathy that hardly anybody
in public life cared to suppress.
When the Boer Rebellion was on in South
Africa, party platforms expressed American
sympathy in unequivocal terms, and, when the
Russian Government of the Czar refused to
recognize the passports of American citizens be-
cause of religious or racial discrimination, there
was no passive acquiescence by a Republican
President, any more than there is today by a
Democratic President, or craven exhortation that,
we should "mind our own business" and remain
silent about these attacks on human liberties.
Hughes Rejects Autocracy,
Turing to the speech of the Chief Justice,
there were phrases which revealed an aware-
ness of the "grounds wells of autocracy" abroad
and of the "direct attack and subversive influ-
ences" leveled at our institutions, and it was
noteworthy that the greatest applause came as
he said, "There is every indication that the
vastly preponderant sentiment of the Ameri-
can people is that our form of government shall
The Hughes address was a masterpiece of
analysis and was filled with penetrating sentences
whose meaning will live for many years as
representative government weathers the storms
of those who with excessive zeal seek to wield
through government various arbitrary powers
against the citizen. Again and again he referred
to "restraint" and the wisdom of the fathers
in providing "checks and balances" which may
at times seem slow but are designed to "assure
in the long run a more deliberate judgment."
The courts are slow, he might have said, but
they are not the less respected because they
substitute for the haste and impulsiveness of
y 9 "ra
Whats Wrong Here ---
ROBERT E. SHERWOOD wrote
R "Idiot's Delight" for the stage as
a brief against war and its maniacal
disposition of the "cheap little
people." The play won a Pulitzer
Prize, and Hollywood rushed forth-
with to Sherwood's -portals for the
screen rights. We saw the film at,
the Michigan Sunday night, and as
we headed toward the exits a pair
of romantics-cheap little people, in-
deed-preceded us up the aisle, freely
exchanging their reactions to the pic-
ture. Sherwood, M-G-M, the Pulitzer
people and the decimated few (ac-
cording to the pacifists) who will
survive the impending air raids may
be interested in what we overheard.
The girl was just mad about Gable's
dimples and the slinky gown Shear-
er wore; the boy liked Gable, too,
especially his manner of expressing
disbelief by arching his eyebrows,
tut he thought Shearer stunk and
her accent and wig were too phony.
When the boy mentioned "Gable's
dancing," there followed a round of
giggles that lasted into the lobby.
What had happened to Sherwood's
bitter theme? In our opinion, simply
this the mask of comedy which dis-
guised the tragic plight of a Broad-
way hoofer and the ranting Russian
siren who was a dreamy acrobat in
Omaha was too convincing to the Boy
and Girl. They missed Sherwood's
philosophical undertones, even though
Hollywood had made a magnificent"
attempt to preserve them. The power
of the final scene, in which the hoof-
er (elevated by his first contact with
real love) and the "countess" (again
the acrobat of Omaha) are left alone
in the international hotel to face the
air raid because no one gave a damn
about them, was spent, as far as the
Boy and Girl in the aisle were con-
cerned, on Gable's spirited pounding
of the piano and Shearer's hip wig-
Before reaching the street we were
beset by two recollections. First,'
Clare Boothe's play, "Kiss the Boys1
Goodbye," which Broadway critics
praised as assatire ofdHollywood's
efforts to cast the lead of "Gone.
With the Wind." Not until Misss
Boothe wrote a preface to the pub-
lished version of the play did critics
and public alike learn that her opus
contained a crptic bit of anti-Fascis-
tic propaganda. It was an embarrass-
ing revelation, more Miss Boothe's
than the critics', we believe. The
subtle "message" had been evidently1
lost, and perhaps it may be assumed
that Miss Boothe will hereafter be
no less subtle than a black eye or
sledge hammer when she has some-
thing more to do than make funny
Secondly, we recalled the French-
made film, "Grand Illusion," another
anti-war movie which recently
showed at the Lydia Mendelssohn.
There were no hilarious asides in the
aisles after that show, and the audi-
ence on the whole emerged from the
theatre looking grave and thoughtful.,
Maybe Sherwood, who also wrote
the movie version of "Idiot's Delight,"
tried too hard to stay on the philo-
sophical plane of the play. At any
rate, it evoked the wrong response
and shoudn't have.
Factory Fiction ...
T TOOK Gustave Flaubert four and
a half assiduous years to write
"Madam Bovary," the first required
reading in Prof. Joe Davis' Modern
Novel course, four and a half years
in which he recited every sentence
aloud for its sound and rhythm,
wrote it on blackboards, studied it,
and discussed it with intimates. The
result was, of course, a classic that
withstood the scandal and censor-
ship of its time, although compared
to Cain, Farrell & O'Hara of the
modern school,it would hardly draw
a blush from a tender-skinned spin-
But 'Flaubert's patience and per-
serverance brings to mind a story we
heard regarding the way fiction is
written nowadays. Two New York
reporters, whose names, if memory
serves us right, were Whittaker and
Mielziner, were assigned to do a
daily serial, alternating from day to
day, printing each episode as they
wrote it. One day, Whittaker was sent
out of town to cover a murder trial,
and Mielziner agreed to do both his
and Whittaker's installments.
Several weeks had elapsed when
Whittaker got a wire from his boss.
"Mielziner is stuck. He has gotten
all the characters killed. Will you
get him out of this mess."
While several friends waited for
him, Whit sat on the upturned end
of a suitcase and pounded out the
final chapter of the serial, not even
bothering to copyread what he had
written, and then wired it in. Several
weeks later Hollywood bought the
story for. $35,000, and when the two
reporters had split the sum, Whittak-
er disappeared for several days. His
city editor indulged this display of
temperament for a while, then wired
his absent employee, threatening his
. Pannnmi c gecrity_ Trm. iniparam mwas
TUESDAY, MARCH 7, 1939
VOL. XLIX. No. 112
All students who competed in the
freshmen Hopwood contests should
call for their manuscripts at the Hop-
wood Room not later than Friday,
March 10, at 5 o'clock. The room is
open every afternoon from 2 to 5:30.
The Rochidale Cooperative House,
640 Oxford Road, now has a few a,
cancies. Students wshing to apply for
membership may get application
blanks at Dean Bursley's office, or
may phone the house, 6957.
Menbership for meals alone will be
considered, if desired.
Psychology 31: Make-up final ex-
amination for all sections will be held
on March 7, at 7:30 p.m., in Room
3126, Natural Science Building.
Psychology 33, 34, 41 and 42 make-
ups for final examinations will bei
held Tuesday, March 7, in Room 2116
Natural Science Bldg.
"Psychology 106, 116 and 166 will7
not meet this week.
Anthropology 31 make-up examin-
ation will be held Wednesday, March;
8, in Room 306 Mason Hall from 2 to
Economics 54: Make-up final will
be held in Room 207 Ec. on Friday,
March 10, at 2:30 p.m. Please in-
form Professor Peterson of your in-
tention to take this examination.
English 143: Makeup examinationI
will be held Tuesday afternoon, March
7, 3-6 p.m., in Room 3231 A.H..
J. L. Davis.
Make-up Examination: German 1,1
2 ad 31 will be given on Saturday,
March 11, from 9-12 a.m. in Room 3061
College of Literature, Science and
the Arts, School of Music, and School
of Education: Students who received
marks of I or X at the close of their
last term of attendance (viz., semes-1
ter or summer session) will receive
a grade of E in the course unless this1
work is-made up and reported to this1
office by March 13, at 8 a.m. Students,
wishing an extension of time should
file a. petition addressed to the ap-
propriate official in their school with
Room 4 U.H. where it will be trans-
Robert L. Williams,
Asst. Regist ar
Organ Recital: Palmer Christian,
University Organist, assisted by Har-
din Van Deursen, baritone, will pro-
vide a program on the Frieze Mem-
orial Organ in the Hill Auditorium
Wednesday afternoon, March 8, at,
4:15 o'clock. The general public will
be admitted without admission
charge. For obvious easons, small
children will not be admitted. The
doors will be closed during numbers.
Exhibition, College of Architecture:
Photographs and drawings of Mich-
igan's historic old houses made dur-
ing the recent Historical American
Buildings Survey are being shown,
through the courtesy of the J. L. Hud-
son Company of Detroit. Third Floor
Exhibition Room, Architectural Bldg.,
through March 11. Open daily, 9 to 5.
The public is cordially invited.
Mhibition of Modern Book Art:
Printing and Illustration, held under
the sponsorship of the Ann Arbor
Art Association. Rackham Building,
third floor Exhibition Room; daily
except Sunday, 8 a.m. to 10 p.m.;
through March 25.
Museum of Classical Archaeology:
Special exhibit of terracotta figurines,
baskets, harness and rope from the
University of Michigan Excavations
Exhibition, College of Architecture:
Modern hand-blocked linens, de-
signed by Professor Frank of Ger-
many, loaned to the College of Archi-
tecture by the Chicago Workshops,
Ground floor corridor cases. Open
daily 9 to 5 until March 15. The
public is invited.
Exhibition of Prints from the Col-
lection of Mrs. William A. Comstock
and Water Colors by Eliot O'Hara,
presented by the Ann Arbor Art As-
sociation. Rackham Building, third
floor Exhibition Rooms, daily except
Sunday from 2 to 5 p.m., March 7
through March 21.
University Lecture: Ir. P. Sargent
bone accused all comedians of want-
ing to portray the role of a tragedian.
Groucho Marx, also on the program,
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the University.
Copy received at the office of the Assistant toa the President until3:30 P.M.
11:00 A.A. on Saturday.,
Florence, Professor of Commerce at
the University of Birmingham, Eng-
land, will lecture on "The British
Cooperative Movement" at 4:15 p.m.,
Thursday, March 16, in the Rackham
Lecture Hall, under the auspices of
the Department of Economics. The
pu'blic is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Mr. Louis Un-
termeyer will lecture on "The Poet
vs. the Average Man" on Monday,
March 13, at 8:15 p.m. in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall under the auspices
of the Department of English in the
College of Engineering. The public
is cordially invited to attend.
Henry Russel Lecture for 1938-39:
Professor Campbell Bonner, Chair-
man of the Department of Greek, will
deliver the Henry Russel Lecture for
1938-39, on the subject, "Sophocles,
Aristotle, and the Tired Business
Man," at 4:15 p.m., Wednesday,
March 22, in the Rackham Amphithe-
atre. The announcement of the Henry
Russel Award for 1938-39 will be made
at this time. The public is cordially
Stuart H. Perry, editor and publish-
er of the Adrian Telegram and direc-
tor of the Associated Press, will give
the third in the series of Supplemen-
tary Lectures in Journalism on Wed-
nesday, March 8, at three o'clock in
Room E, Haven Hall. Mr. Perry's
subject will be "The Newspaper and
the Courts." The public is invited to
The Junior Research Club: The
March meeting will be held tonight
at 7:30 p.m. in the amphitheatre of
the Rackham Building.
Dr. J. W. Leonard of the Institute
for Fisheries Research will speak
on "The Bottom Fauna of Trout
Streams and its Relation to Trout
Prof. W. J. Nungester and Prof.
L. F. Catron will speak on "Pneu-
Graduate Education Club willmeet
this afternoon at 4:15 p.m. in
the High School Auditorium. (Note
change). Dean Edmonsonand cer-
tain staff members will take part in
a panel discussion on the topic "What
Are Some of the More Significant
Problems and Proposals Submitted
at the Cleveland Meeting" Staff
members, Graduate and Under-
graduate students are invited.
Marriage Relations Course: The
third lecture in the series will be given
by Dr. Ira S. Wile in the Rackham
Lecture Hall tonight, 7:30 p.m.
Open Forum: Rev. Henry Lewis
will lead the Open Forum discus-
sion on "Questions ;Raised by Pro-
fessor Neibuhr" this evening at 8 p.m.
Christian Science Organization:
There will be a short meeting of the
members in Room 212, Hill Auditori-
um at seven o'clock before the lec-
ture. Lecture to supercede the regu-
Student Senate, meeting tonight at
7:30, in Room 302 of the Michigan
JGP: There will be a meeting of
women who are in the singing chor-
uses at 4 p.m. today and tomorrow in
the League Undergradue offices.
The Beginning Class in Social Danc-
ing, sponsored by the League Under-
graduate Fund, will hold the secod
meeting of a series of eight tonight
at 7:30 in the Ballroom of the League,
It is possible to join the class al-
though you were not at the first
The Intermediate. Class in Social
Dancing, sponsored by the League"
Undergraduate Fund, will hold the
second meeting of a series of eight
tonight at 7:30 in the Ballroom of
the League. It is still possible to join
the class although you were not ,at
the first meeting.
Bookshelf and Stage Section of the
Faculty Women's Club will meet to-
day at 2:45 p.m. at the home of Mrs.
Milton J. Thompson, 1511 Morton
Ave. Mrs. Robley C. Williams is as-
The Michigan Uaies will conduct
their second semester initiation of
new members tonight in the Womens
Lounge of the Rackham Building. All
wives of students and internes who
are interested are urged to be present.
A social hour will follow the initiation
Tuesday, March 7. Seven o'clock.
Speech clinic for students wanting
help in their spoken English.
Wednesday, March 8. Seven o'clock.
Music hour. Victrola program of sym-
phonic music. The Recreation Room.