THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
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THE SCREEN j
The Childhood O f F axim Gorky
The Art Cinema League has done us another
service in bringing The Childhood of -Maxim
Gorky to the Lydia Mendelssohn. This picture
is beyond doubt one of the finest films ever to
have come out of the Soviet Union. That is say-
ing a greatdeal, because the Soviet movie indus-
try has been turning out the finest pictures in
the world ever since those bad early days when
they had nothing but a couple of hand crank.
cameras, anda few feet of film.
Things are different now, and with *all the
modern equipment they are turning out pictures
that nobody will forget. Naturally the finest
thing about their movies is the acting. Gorky is
no exception. This picture has no conventional
plot, and you miss it for a while; the first few
sequences are confusing. But once you have the
feel of it, you see scene after scene of the most
beautiful acting, the most subtle and moving
Gorky was an orphan, and as a small boy he
went to live with his grandparents and his
uncles. A strange family-the grandfather sweet
and gentle one moment, a roaring sadist the next,
the grandmother a brave, warm-hearted, fable-
spinning woman, the uncles sly, crafty morons.
Gorky's childhood is unfolded with a warm and
tender humanity by director Mark Donskoi;
there is the same love for human beings, all
kinds of human beings, that characterized Gorky
theman's life and writing. There is the same
hatred of oppression and the same love for free-
I cannot praise the acting highly enough. The
grandparents in particular are magnificent. But
I must draw attention to the direction. In one
episode after another, you see the effect of
people's actions, people's beliefs, upon the im-
pressionable boy; time after time he is hiding in
the corner, over the stove, behind grandma's
skirts, under the bed, drinking it all in. You can;
see the impact of the beatings, of the old employee
going blind, of the gay, dancing young man
beirg crushed under the cross, of the grand-
father's sadism, on the boy Gorky, and you are
seeing it through the boy's eyes, you are be-
ginning to understand the motivations that drove
the writer on to his work.
Donskoi's use of the camera is splendidly
simple. You cannot miss his constant use of
simple groups of figures or of single figures
against nothing more than the open sky, nor
can you forget the white-beared old man gone
blind, wandering in front of the burning house,
his chalky face sharp against the flames.
See this picture.
Managing Editor .
Editorial Director .
Associate Editor. .
Associate Editor . .
Bobk Editor. .
Sports Editor .
. Robert D. Mitchell
Albert P. Maylo
Horace W. Gilmore
* Robert I. Fitzhenry
S. R. Kleiman
*~ ~ a G ar ilman
. . Joseph Gies
* . Dorothea Staebler
. . Bud Benjamin
Business Manager . Philip W. Bghen
Credit Manager . . . . Leonard P. Siegelman
Advertising Manager . . . William L. Newnan-
Women's Business Manager - . Helen Jean Dean
Women's Service Manager . . . Marian A. Baxter
NIGHT EDITOR: NORMAN A. SCHORR
The editorials published in The Michigan,
Daily are written by members of the Dailys
staff and represent the views of the writers
The War In Spain.
A LETTER to the editor printed in
yesterday's Daily accuses us of an
anti-Catholic viewpoint. "I am much disappoint-
ed," the writer said, "by the sudden outbursts
against Catholicism which have appeared in
the editorials of your paper. Although very
much in tune with the times, your attitude on,
Catholicism is distasteful."
The particular editorial to which the letter
referred asked whether those Catholics who sup-
port Franco in Spain do so in full knowledge of
his policies, especially those in regard to Catholi-
cism as a State religion. It quoted from an
official publication of the Rebel government,
proving that Franco's "devotion to the Catholic
Church is based not upon a religious feeling,
but upon the cynical belief that the Fascist State
can use the Church for its own ends." The writ-
er of the letter, a Catholic, quite evidently recog-
nizes that true Catholics cannot support Franco,
for he said, "it should not be construed . . . that
American Catholics welcome a Fascist victory
in Spain." But, going upon the assumption. that
Loyalist Spain is communistic, he says the
Catholic "does not have to take sides in the
Spanish conflict. One looks askance to them
both and after a fashion typically American."
First, in regard to the supposed anti-Catholic
attitude of the Daily, it is difficult to believe that
anyone who has read this column regularly could
claim that the Daily has ever attacked any race
or religion. But a distinction must be drawn
between an attack on a group, and an attack on
the ideas expressed by some members of a
group. A recent Gallup poll indicated that 40
per cent of the Catholics in America favor
Franco. Certainly, it is hardly an attack upon
Catholicism to point out that they are sadly
mistaken. This was all the editorial in question
attempted to do.
But in addition it was directed to that group
of Catholics, 30 per cent of the total, who believe
with the writer of the letter, that they need not
take sides on the Spanish question. The writer of,
" the letter, however, confuses the issue when he,
says, "The United States Government judged
within its power by legislating the neutrality
act; and that the degenerate consciences of
less-idealistic nations has overpowered our legis-
lation is a bit out of the way of America's busi-
ness." The question of whether or not the.
United States acted within its power has no
relation to the question. The embargo allows
Franco to obtain arms from the United States
via Germany and Italy, but cuts off these neces-
sary materials from the legitimate government.
Obviously those who favor the embargo are help-
ing Franco win his war. And, for this reason,
Franco sympathizers have been campaigning
strongly for its maintenance.
There are, however, a few people who oppose
fascism in Spain and yet honestly believe in the
maintenance of the embargo for fear that we
might be involved in war. This attitude is worth
consideration. But consideration tells us that
we will only become involved in an European war
if American credit is extended, or if American
ships are sunk, American sailors killed, or Ameri-
can goods destroyed at sea. The Nye investiga-
tion into America's entrance into the World War
demnntated the truth of this statement. Yet
Iif5em to Me
When the Daughters of the American Revolu-
tion refused to permit Miss Marion Anderson to
give a concert in Constitutional Hall in Wash-
ington it seemed to me one
of the most monstrous and
stupid things which have
.}zoccurred within America in
years. And yet I wrote noth-
ing about it. All I could say
was that it was stupid and
monstrous and a piece of
that sort is merely a kind of
umn. Moreover, as I grow more mellow and my
arteries harden I am less interested in denunci-
ation and more eager to find opportunities for
affirmation. It seems to me the better way.
Often a point can be more eloquently scored by
pointing with pride than by viewing with alarm.
And in the case of Miss Anderson the oppor-
tunity for such a gesture is now wide open. The
date refused to the great' contralto is April 9.
On that day Marian Anderson should be heard
not only by the citizens of Washington but by
Already such an outstanding American artist
as Jascha Heifetz has paid tribute to the genius
of the singer against whom the doors of the
D.A.R. are locked.
She Is A Great Singer
But let us forget the Daughters. It is p to
some radio chain or musical organization to offer,
and, indeed, to plead, with Miss Anderson to ao
cept the facilities of a national hookup so that
everyone in our nation can hear one of the
most glorious voices now vital in the world.
At such a celebration no mention should be
made of the erring organization, and I do not
think it is necessary to place any emphasis upon
the fact that Miss Anderson is a Negro. The
answer to the bigots both hereand abroad can
be most eloquently expressed in her own singing
voice. In the extraordinary notes within her
range there are sounds which make the whole
Surely there is nothing particularly radical in
the notion that no frontiers of race or creed or
nationality or color can be set up against the
great and gifted of the world. I would go further
than that, but here is a beginning,
The statement that great art in music, writ-
ing, painting, sculpture stands on its own seems
obvious that it is amazing that dissent should
enter. But there is official dissent abroad, and
the heresy has come within our borders.
To me it would seem most appropriate if some
great German could be included in the program
of tribute to Marian Anderson. Naturally the
name of Thomas Mann comes to my mind. I grow!
fretful of the lengths which hysteria here is
approaching. Hatred of Hitler has spurred a
few on the silliest sort of denunciation of all
things German. No matter what the Nazis have
done or may do, they are powerless to touch the
integrity of true German culture.
* * *
Out Of Heart And Mind
I hope I speak out of a rational point of view.
But some emotion enters in since I am of Ger-
man blood. My grandfather was not only Ger-
man but a Prussian of the Prussians. He was a
lavish host and put on big champagne supper
parties in Brooklyn, and so he died before I was
born. I have no notion whether or not we would
have been companionable. But I refuse to admit
that I am in some curious way tainted because
I am a German-American once removed. At the
Bund meeting I feared for awhile that it might
be twice removed.
Nevertheless and notwithstanding, let us on
April 9 give an affirmative answer to the
shoddy science of those in any land who talk tP
tosh and nonsense of Aryanism. Let us put it on
the positive side and let us listen while those
who are beyond question among the great of
America join with Marian Anderson in a cele-
bration of the international unity of art and the
artists. And to me it would seem'most fitting if
Eleanor Roosevelt should act as chairman for
this evening of fellowship and fraternity.
Not SoFast, Gentlemen -
The Republican National Committee is report-
ed to be enthusiastically optimistic over pros-
pects for the presidential election of 1940. En-
couraged by the spotlight of popularity focused
on Thomas E. Dewey, New York district attorney,
the committee dopesters visualize him as presi-
dential timber anti foresee certain victory.
With no intent to disparage. Dewey, we sub-
mit that not all of the committee's reasoning
will bear scrutiny. Michigan, for example, is
chalked up as "definitely Republican." It would
be more accurate to say that Michigan's Republi-
can administration is "definitely on trial."
There was a time when the people of Michi-
gan just looked for the picture of Abraham
Lincoln on the ballot and voted straight. That
was when Michigan was "definitely" Republican.
But they aren't voting for pictures any more.
They think more about principles.
There are two results the people expect their
State government to get: Progress toward a
genuine merit system in civil service,, and. eco-
nomy in State administration. A party majority
that ignores these public demands is by no
means sure of reelection.
-The Detroit News
Don't Yell - Influenza
What's Sattee -'*
THE SEEING EYE, Inc., will be dis-
tinctly displeased with this item,
but sentiment for a truly noble or-
ganization shouldn't prevent the ex-
pose of a rebel within its ranks. We
were standing at the side entrance of
the Union the other day when through
the door plunged a big harnessed dog,
pulling his blipd master behind him.
The tolerant old gentleman cooed
quietly to the animal as it jumped
and barked and disported itself very
unlike the trained friend it has been
painted. Evidently the blind man
was waiting for an automobile to pick
him up, but the dog, impatient and
irascible, continued to harrass his
sightless master by straining at the
leash, almost upsetting the trusting
gentleman with its rambunctious be-
There comes a time in every man's
life when irritation exceeds patience,
and the tyranny in his soul manifests
itself. This was it. Dispensing with
dignity for the nonce, the man ad-
dressed the dog yin language which
the comic strip artists disguise in
this manner: "Y4@K%*!" The
dog responded with an ugly snarl,
whereupon the blind man drew back
his right leg and booted the dog in.
the slats. When the car finally pulled
up to the curb, the battle was still
raging. But we suspect that some 'of
the faith in this world had been de-
stroyed in the melee.
CARTOON OF THE WEEK: The
New York Times' reprint of G.
White's (Tampa Tribune) "take-off"
of the Nazi rally in New York re-
cently. The picture depicts a uni-
formed American addressing an out-
raged Nazi official (with swastika
armband, moustache and look of hor-
ror on his face):
"My names is Jones of the
U.S.A. I'dlike permission to open
a camp in YOUR country teach-
ing American principles and
democratic government, similar
to your bunds in OUR country."
The foremost Nazi in the cartoon.
has leaped to his feet, indignant to
the marrow, his hair on end, crying:
"What!" Behind him a be-medalled
lieutenant clamps his hands over his
eyes and groans: "Ach Himmel!" A
third official, his presence of mind
undisturbed by this unprecedented,
brash request, shouts for the guards.
And into the room charges a battalion.
of bayonetted storm troopers, the spir-
it of liquidation unmistakably regis-
tered on their faces.
Asks White in his caption: "Well,
THE TERM "rat race has a variety
of connotations, we know, but the
Phi Gam frat club, directed by that
eminent hurdler, E. Gedeon, has its
own version. Despite Prof. Maier's
experiments indicating a connection
between rodent and human behavior,
the Phi Gams haven't yet reached
the point where they are willing to
accept the quadruped as one of them.
So of an evening, when the small-.
talk exhausts itself, the boys organize
posses for the annihilation of tle
furry trespassers. They sneak into
the darkened kitchen, armed with
sticks and empty milk bottles, and at
a given signal, the lights go on and
the big putsch begins. One of the lads
claims to have swatted down seven of
them in one meeting.
n x I
Magic ord ..
OFF THE CUFF: In his excellent
book, "Lords of the Press, George
Seldes illustrates the license assumed
by the press by relating how George
Bernard Shaw, leaving the hall after
a lecture, was accosted by a blind man
and his tin cup . . . Shaw uttered
those magic words "Press and pro-
ceeded unshorn along his way . .
Professionalism has invaded the ranks
of Michigan athletes, tsk, tsk . . . On
the heels of Jack Brennan's an-
nouncement of signing with the Green
Bay Packers, Don Siegel gives pro
boxing the fling ...Can it be that
the Wolverines, frustrated by four
years of "amateurism,"- have "j'ined
up" as a compensatory fillip.
Trivia, etc. . . That repudiated
sportswriter, whose name we shan't
dignify by mentioning (but who
coughed up cigarette butts at a track
-meet the other night, although he
claimed what really happened was
that a lung collapsed), was such an
accurate sports reporter in his day
that he had Andy Uram, a runt, play-
ing first base for Minnesota two years
ag6 . . . Uram was, of course, a third
baseman, but the so-called "sports
writer" never could get it straight
which was third and which was first
. Also we can hold naught but ad-
miration for a lad, no matter how
inaccurate, whose imagination can
conjure up the picture of S. Terry
stealing second base . . . As for the
exaggerated altercation with Uram,
the aforementioned Brennan, who will
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the University.
Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President until 3*30 PM.:
11:00 AM. on Saturday.
FRDAY, MARCH 3, 1939 i
VOL. XLIX. No. 10$
Faculty Tea: President and Mrs. t
Ruthven will be at home to faculty'
members and residents of Ann Arbor
Sunday from 4 to 6 pm..
Faculty of the College of Litera-F
ture, Science, and the Arts: The fifth t
regular meeting of the faculty of thei
College of Literature, Science, and C
the Arts for the academic session ofT
1938-39 will be held in Room 1025 An- L
gell Hall, March 6, 1939, at 4:10 p.m. t
1. Adoption of the minutes of the
meeting of Feb. 6, 1939 which have
been distributed by campus mail.
2. Discussion of reports submitted
with this call to the meeting.
a. Executive Committee prepareds
by Prof. Warner G. Rice.
b. Executive Board of the Gradu-n
ate School, prepared by Prof. FloydF
c. Senate Advisory Committee ont
University Affairs, prepared by Prof.
Arthur S. Aiton.
d. Deans' Conference, prepared by'
Dean Edward H. Kraus
e. Copy of letter from Assistant
Registrar Williams to Dean Kraus.
3. New business.
First Mortgage Loans: The Univer-n
sity has a limited amount of fundsn
to loan on modernwell-located Ann
Arbor residential property. Interestv
at current rates. Apply Investmentn
Office, Room 100, South Wing,
University Hall. ''
Apparatus Exchange: The Regents
at their meing in Maren, 1927, au-
thorized an arrangement for tme salep
of scientific appratus by one de-F
partment to another, the proceeds ofp
the sale to be credited to the budgetF
account of the department from p
which the apparatus is transferred. '
Departments having apparatus
which is not in active (use are advised k
to send description thereof to the o
University Chemistry Store, of which a
Prof. R. J. Carney is director. The s
Chemistry store headquarters are in
Room 223 Chemistry Building. An
effort will be made to sell the ap- w
paratus to other departments which e
are likely to be able to use it. In n
some instances the apparatus may be w
sent to the University Chemistry i
store on consignment and if it is not a
sold within a reasonable time, it will
be returned to the department from
which it was received. The object
of this arrangement is to promote a
economy by reducing the amount of 9
unused apparatus. It is hoped that
departments having such apparatus
will realize the advantage to them- h
selves and to the University in avail- d
ing themselves of this opportunity. v
Shirley W. Smith. i
Engineering and East Engineering
Libraries: Beginning March 4 and on
every Saturday thereafter for the du-
ration of the second semester the
libraries will be open from 1-5 p.m.J
in addition to the schedule previously F
maintained. Funds for this purpose
have been made available by the En-s
Kothe-Hildner Prize in German:s
Two prizes, of $30 and $20 respec-
tively will be awarded to students
taking German 32 in a translation
competition (German-English and
English-German) to be held the lat-
ter part of March. Students whor
wish to compete and who have nott
yet handed in their applications6
should do so immediately and obtain
School of Education Students,
Changes of Elections: No course may
be elected for credit after Saturday,
March 4. Students enrolled in thist
school must report all changes of elec- Y
tions at the Registrar's Office, Room
4, University Hall.
Membership in a class does noti
cease nor begin until all changes have
been thus officially registered. Ar-
rangements made with the instruc-
tors are not official changes.
Sociology 54, discussion section 1,
meeting in 225 Ahgell Hall, Friday at
11, will transfer to 18 Angell Hall be-
ginning this Friday.
Economics 54: Make-up final will
be held in Room 207 Ec. on Friday,
March 10, at 2:30 p.m. Please in-
form Professor Peterson of your in -
tention to take this examination.
Recreational Leadership: The class
is to dress for activity.'
Exhibition, College of Architecture:
Photographs and drawings of Mich-
igan's historic old houses made dur-
ng the recent Historical American
Buildings Survey are being shown,
through the courtesy of the J. L. Hud-
son Company of Detroit. Third Floor
Exhibition Room, Architectural Bldg.,
through March 11. Open daily, 9 to 5.
The public is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Dr. P. Sargent
Florence, Professor of Commerce at
the University of Birmingham, Eng-
land, will lecture on "The British
Cooperative Movement" at 4:15 p.m.,
Thursday, March 16, in the Rackham
Lecture Hall, under the auspices of
the Department of Economics. The
public is cordially invited.
(1) We have been fortunate in
securing Mr. Conway Magee, winner
of the 1939 Detroit Bridge Tourna-
ment, to conduct a class in bridge
for beginners as a part of the regular
Friday evening Recreation Night at
the International Center. The class
will begin promptly at 8:15 this Fri-
day evening. As in the case of all
services at the Center there is no
(2) The monthly Intramural Sports
Night for students at the Internation-
al Center will be held this Saturday,
March 8, at 8. o'clock, at the Intra-
mural building. Badminton, swim-
mning, handball, codeball, indoor golf,
squash, shuffleboard, and ping pong
will be available. Both men and
women are invited. Students will
meet at the Center at 7:45 and go
down to the Intramural Building to-
Suomi Club: The recently-elected
president of the Suomi Club, Edna
E8;andelin, '39, cordially invites all
Finnish students to participatein a
program of social activities at Lane
Hall this evening at 8 p.m. The vice-
president, Toivo Liimatainen, is chair-
man of the evening's festivities, which
naturally include the proverbial Fin-
nish "kahvitarjoilu." Mrs. Reino Ta-
:ala is the present secretary of the
rganization, which is particularly
nxious to reach the new incoming
tudents of Finnish descent.
Bowling Exhibition: Andy Varipapa,
world famous bowler, will give a free
exhibition of trick shots this eve-
ning at 7:30 at the Union alleys. He
will also give free instructions at 2:30
n the afternoon on Friday, Saturday
Stalker Hall: Class in "Through the
New Testament led by Dr. Brashres
t the Church at 7:30 p.m. Party at
Congregational Student Fellowship
has cancelled the sleigh-ride for to-
day, and instead will accept the in-
vitation of the Presbyterian Westmin-
ster Guild to their country dance. We
will meet at Pilgrim Hall at 8:45 p.m.
Friday Evening Services: Reform
services will be held tonight at 8 p.m.
at the Hillel Foundation. Dr. Isaac
Rabinowitz will speak on "The Arab-
Jewish Parleys in London." Mrs.
Hirsch Hootkins will be hostess at the
social following the services.
Hillel Sunday Supper: Reservations
should be made today at the Founda-
Faculty, School of Education: The
regular luncheon meeting of the Fac-
ulty will be held Monday noon, March
6, 12:15, at the Michigan Union.
The Graduate Outing Club will
meet Saturday evening, March 4, at
6:30 p.m. atrthe corner of State and
Packard Streets to attend the as-
At 9:30, following the game, they
will start from the northwest door of
the Rackham Building and go for a
moonlight hike to Geddes Lake. Later
refreshments will be served in the
club room. All graduate students are
The Bibliophiles will hold their
next meeting Tuesday, March 7, at
2:30 at the home of Mrs. James Rett-
ger, 513 Oswego Street.
Tap Dancing: A beginning class in
tap dancing will be offered to men
anid women students. Organization
meeting Monday, March 7, at 4:30
p.m. in Barbour Gymnasium, Room
1Hillel Foundation: There will be a
meeting of old members of and try-
outs for the Hillel News Business staff
Saturday at 2 p.m. at the 'Hillel
Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity will hold
its first March meeting on Monday,
March 6, 1939, at 9 p.m. in the Michi-
gan Union. The room number will
be posted on the Union bulletin board.
To the Editor:
At a meeting of the Executive Council of the
Newman Club of the University of Michigan on
Tuesday, Feb. 21, the following resolution was
Resolved,, That the University of Michigan
Christian students should be formally excused
from classes to observe the Three Hours on Good
We believe that a little explanation is in
order. The "Three Hours" referred to are- the
hours from noon until 3 p.m. on the afternoon
of Good Friday, which this year falls on April
7. It is during these hours that Christ, the Found-
er of the Christian religion, was hanging on the
cross at Calvary. These hours are the most
solemn of the ecclesiastical year, and the devo-
tion shown by Christians during them is exceed-
ingly profound. It is the one time of the year
when Christians take time off from all other
distractions, and concentrate on the life of
Christ, with special emphasis on its bitter end.
With these thoughts in mind, we hereby re-
quest the President of the University to honor
this resolution by officially excusing from com-
pulsory class attendance the Christian students
enrolled in the University.
The Newman Club
Norbert Winn, '39F&C
create a "Red" scare and seize power them-
selves. When the revolt broke out in 1936, the
Rebels were acting with the aid of Italian Fas-
cists, utilizing Italian planes, but not one mem-
ber of the Cabinet of Spain was a Communist.
There were 16 Communist representatives in the
Spanish Parliament out of a total of more than
500. Spanish relations with the Soviet Union
were in such bad state that passports issued in -
July, 1936, were stamped "not good for the
U.S.S.R." In fact, it has been definitely estab-
lished, that the first Russian aid to the Spanish
government arrived many months after the war
broke out and the fascists were well supplied.
with Italian planes, munitions and troops and
German planes and technicians. There was and.
is, however, a progressive-government in Madrid,
a government hardly more radical than the,
New Deal. And a successful progressive movement
always stirs up reaction among privileged groups.
With more than 90 percent of the Spanish
people Catholic, it is evident that the issue in
Spain is not Catholicism any more than it is
communism. except that in Franco Snain "no