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January 27, 1938 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1938-01-27

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W

The Weather
Continued cold today; tomor-
rom, possible snow flurries and
colder.

C7,

A6F Ap
4jjtr4
t 9 an

~Iatj

Editorials
Who Opposes
'T'his Bill, Anyway? .. .
is A Good Offense
The Best Defense?

VOL. XLVIII. No. 91
Two-Day Cold
Spell Lets Up;
"Ontario Is Hit
Only Two Lives Reported
Lost But Undetermined
Number Still Isolated
Transportation By
Snow Shoes Only
A storm which had crippled a quar-
ter of Michigan for two days rolled
on into Ontario Wednesday, leaving
only scattered areas still in trouble.
The work of returning to normal life
and travel in the upper peninsula
started immediately.

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JAN. 27, 1938

PRICE FIVE CENTS

4

4 1

i

U.S. Responsible For Present
Threat Of War, Ames Charges,

Largest Naval
BillIn History
I Before Senate

1

.1 Killed "In Paris
AMiombs Explode
PARIS, Jan. 26.-(A')--Fourteen
men were killed and 10 injured to-
day when two truckloads of hand
grenades. recently confiscated from
the Revolutionary band C.S.A.R., ex-
ploded in Villejuif, Paris suburb.

I i

Canadian Statesman Says
America Should Have
Joined League Early
By WILLIAM J. ELVIN
Sir Herbert Ames, Canadian states-
man and former treasurer of the
League of Nations, charged the Unit-
ed States with direct responsibility
Sir Herbert Ames will lecture on
the subject, "Does German Rearm-
ament Necessarily Mean War?" at
4:15 p.m. today in Natural Science
Auditorium.
for the present war cloud in Europe,
in an interview last night with the
Daily.
"If the United States had joined
th Leagii of Natinnc and bhen a

Canadin States man

$549,227,842 Request The explosions, occurring as the
Request grenades were being loaded into army
Enters Blockade Behind trucks for removal to Artillery Park
anti-Lynching Filibisteir at Versailles, wrecked the municipal
pyrotechnic laboratory and damaged
many residences in the vicinity.
Southern Senators i Residents of Villejuif, hearing the4
o terrific explosions, ran panic-stricken
S 11r e Of SuC C ss to police stations. They declared they
first thought the blasts were from a
,II sudden air raid which they had been
The laregst peace-time naval appro- taught by military experts would
priation bill in history, providing herald the beginning of the next war.
$549,227.842 for expenditure in the
fiscal year beginning next July 1,i. V.
took its place today in the Senate Civil Service
Legislative jam developing behind
the anti-lynching filibuster.
Committee approval sent to the 'oard M eets
Senate floor a measure containing k
approximately $140,000,000 for war- -e
ship repalcements and totalling $32,- I
684,534 more than the previous peace-
time record, the 1937-38 supply mea- Approve 100 Types
sure.
Included in the replacement allow- Michigan Employes For
ance was $119,900,000 for construction No
and machinery and $20,700,000 for New Qualifying Exams
armor, armament and ammunition on
war vessels. . I More than a hundred job classifi-
The Senate committee increased cations, covering many of the em-
the construction and machinery item ployes under the state civil service,
in the House bill by $2,536,850 to per- were approved today by the Michi-
mit work on 25 vessels commissioned gan Civil Service Commission in a
prior to last July 1. meeting at the Union vesterday.

i
t
4

Niagara 'Honeymoon
ridge' Periled ily lee
NIAGARA FALLS, Jan. 26.--(A'
-A shift in wind tonight appeared
to have saved Niagara's towering
"Honeymoon Bridge" from im-
mediate danger of destruction.
NIAGARA FALLS, N.Y., Jan. 26.
-(A')-Niagara's high-flung Inter-
national Bridge, from which thou-
sands of honeymooners have
watched the cataract, was warped
and threatened with slow destruc-
tion tonight by the worst Niagara
River ice jam in 30 years.
Also in the grip of the ice and
facing ruin were the famous twin
steamboats, the "Maids of the
Mist," known to tourists the world
over.
The graceful 1,200-foot "Falls
View" bridge, once the world's
longest steel arch, groaned and
rumbled in the darkness as a 60-
foot wall of ice surged against its
base.
Several light steel frames in the
bridge foundation on the Ameri-
can shore buckled this afternoon,
but none fell and engineers said
the bridge definitely was "break-
ing up."
Grinding floes reached 60 feet
up the Canadian side of the gorge
and shoved the "Maid of the
Mist" steamers from the drydock
where they have spent each win-
ter for years. One of the "Maids"
appeared to be seriously damaged,
and the fate of the other could
not be determined.

While only two lives were reported us lu
lostund termiesumberse rertilld guarantor of French security," Sir
lost, undetermined numbers were still Herbert declared, "France would have
snow-bound in isolated retreats and treated Germany leniently, the Ger-
homes. Their rescue was the first man republic would not have fallen,
consideration of hundreds of highway and there would be no threat of war
workers and volunteer helpers. today."
The latest search was that started Three treaties were drafted at the
by State Police and Luce County Versailles Conference, Sir Herbert
sheriff's officers for four Newberry declared, the first being the Covenent
youths missing on the snow-covered of the League of Nations, the second
roads since 2 a.m. Tuesday. a treaty of mutual assistance between
School Chldren Trapped Great Britian and France and the
Forty-two persons, including 35 third a similar treaty between the
boys and girls, still were trapped in United States and France. The pur-
a school near Ironwood, but food was pose was to give France security from
plentiful and they were prepared to future attacks and to allay fear.
wait out the storm. when the United States Senate voted
.A northbound Chicago train, more against joining the League, he said,
than 36 hours overdue at Calumet it was a severe blow to the League.
Wednesday night, was locked in snow f At the same time, Sir Herbert con-k
60 miles south of Houghton. tinued, the Senate repudiated the
In many locations, miners and mine Versailles draft treaty to help France.
maintenance crews were still ma- Britian, not wishing tohassume the
rooned at their work but, as far as entire responsibility, then followed
was reported, all had food. Schools suit.
were closed throughout the northern France thus found herself in the
territory. League deprived of the right of mdi-
The State Highway Department re-'
ported it had 80 pieces of equipment
and between 3,000 and 4,000 men Gina Cigna Here
fighting the storm's effect in the
north. The Department estimated it In 8th O
w ould spend $50,000 to open thelhw y.L e St e s epe Se s
highways.
Lower State Escapes Storm FSopranoS
The lower part of the state escaped French Dramatic Soprano
the brunt of the storm, but heavyl Sings Tomorrow Night
snow was reported generally and
Wednesday temperatures were down Gina Cigna, dramatic soprano, will
near zero. More snow and cold was give the eighth program in the Choral
predicted for Wednesday night and1 Union Concert Series at 8:30 p.m.
Thursday.mtomorrow in Hill Auditorium.
"Snow shoeing only mode of trans- Born near Paris, Miss Cigna is a
tf W the wd from the p- ...

SIR HERBERT AMES
* .* *;
vidual action and without guarantee
of help, Sir Herbert pointed out, and
she therefore adopted a policy of
(Continued on Page 2)
New Anti-Trust
Laws Needed,
Rictber gSays
Former NRA Chief Urges1
Statutes Be Revised To
Allow Closer Regulation
NEW YORK, Jan. 26.-(A)-Don-
ald Richberg, former NRA admin-
istrator, tonight urged a revision of
the anti-trust laws to permit greater
self-regulation by business under gov-
enrment supervision.
He said government must encour-
age private business and business
must assume greater public responsi-
bilities if the present government and
industrial systems are to survive.
"The Government of the United
States and the business of the United
States cannot live apart,",he assest-
ted in an address prepared for de-
livery before the northeastern lum-
bermen's association.
"Government and business, as we
know them today, will either work
together and live together or they will
die together. Free enterprise and
free government will survive, or, in
[the destruction of one, both will be
destroyed."I
Richberg, Washington attorney who'

Southern Senators confidently
claimed victory tonight in their stub-
born struggle to prevent the passage
of the anti-lynching bill.
Secure and undisputed in the
knowledge that they command
enough votes to defeat a motion to
limit debate, they lightheartedly de-
nounced that effort as "gag rule" de-
signed to end free speech in the Sen-
ate.
Chinese Check
Japanese With
Ambush Tactics
Far-Flung Guerilla Attacks
And Revitalized Air Force
Halt Japanese Progress
day) SHANGHAI, Jan. 27, (Thurs-
day)-(A')-Chinese military leaders
declared today guerilla warfare on
China's far-flung battlefronts and a!
revitalized air force have brought

j -t -~,o U..-
The classifications covering welfarei
workers, nurses, prison guards, con-
servation workers, highway equip-
ment operators, inspectors and thel
state institutional personnel were
rushed through at the request of
William Brownrigg, state personnel
director, in order that qualifying and
open examinations can be held in
those divisions in the near future.
"I'm very much afraid that our
budget may be inadequate for the
first year, depending upon the num-
ber of applicants for examination,"
Brownrigg told the commission, meet-
ing in Ann Arbor because of the ill-
ness of chairman George Burke, Uni-
versity attorney.
It looks as if we'll have from 7,000:
to 10,000 applicants for the open
competitive examinations for clerks
to be held Feb. 12, and if we have this
tremendous response our costs will
obviously be higher." He pointed out
The Civil Service Commission
placed the offices of the Governor
and the Board of Regents on the
unclassified list yesterday, there-
by saving Governor Murphy and
the members of the Board of Re-
gents the trouble of taking ex-
aminations on their qualifica-
tions.

Tankers Down
MichiganState
By 67-17 Score;
Tomski And Hutchens Set
Pace In Easy Victory;
Relay Record Shattered
By DAVID ZEITLIN
EAST LANSING, Mich., Jan. 26.-
(Special to the Daily)-Michigan's
Varsity swim team extended its long-
time aquatic supremacy over Mich-
igan State here tonight, winning every
first place, including firsts in both
relays to capture a 67-17 decision.
Walt Tomski and Ed Hutchens
paced the Wolverines in their one-
sided triumph. Each won two free-
style races and swam fast laps in the
360 yard free-style relay event which
Michigan won in 3:17.5, a new record
for the Spartan tank. The latter was
the only new mark made during the
evening's meet.
Tomski Wins Twice
Tomski turned in a pair of fast
performances, being clocked in 23.9
seconds for the 50-yard distance and
53.7 seconds for the century.
Hanley Staley, unheralded Varsity
diver, gave a steady performance off

Lewis Proffers
Olive Branch
To AFL Based
On Status Quo0
CIO President Pruposes
2 Unions Amalgamate
In Convention Speech
Boom Roosevelt
For Third Term
MIAMI, Fla., Jan. 27.-(P)--
William Green, president of the
American Federation of Labor,
said tonight a new peace proposal
made by Chairman John L. Lewis
of the CIO at Washington "is just
the same old thing" and con-
tained objectionable features of a
plan previously rejected.
Green said "no one will be de-
ceived" by Lewis' suggestion be-
fore the United Mine Workers'
convention.
"It is identical with the im-
possible plan proposed by Lewis
toward the end of the Washing-
ton peace conferences."
WASHINGTON, Jan. 26.--(IP)--The
CIO unions will join the American
Federation of Labor next week if the
Federation will take them as they
stand, John L. Lewis announced to-
night.
As an alternative, the CIO leader
offered to take all AFL unions into
the CIO as they stood.
His peace proposals, the most defi-
nite he has yet made, caused some ex-
citement among observers *of labor
trends. The offers were announced at
an uproarious session of the United
Mine Workers convention. Lewis said
his purpose was to quiet "those abroad
in the land who say this labor con-
troversy is terrible."
The Lewis speech was the high spot
of the day's session, but another de-
velopment was the introducton of
eight resolutions by union locals fa-
voring a third term for President
Roosevelt. The convention has yet
to act on the resolutions.
Lewis emphasized his peace pro-
posals by declaring:
"If the AFL is so anxious for peace,
we'll make a proposal. We all want
peace-peace with honor.
"If the AFL wants peace, I will
recommend to the 4,000,000 members
of the CIO that on the first day of
February they march into the AFL,
horse, foot and dragoon, if the AFL
will issue charters to the CIO units
and later call a convention to arrange
the details.
"If that be not pleasing to the AFL,
we offer the alternative proposal that
on the first day of February AFL
unions march into the CIO, horse,
foot and dragoon, receive charters,
and hold a convention later to ar-
range details."
The convention came to its feet,
cheering, whistling and applauding.
Lewis beamed.
Previously Lewis had declared that
no one had been "hurt" by the CIO
fight.
He said unionism had made gains
in steel, automobiles, rubber, the
transportation industry and the radio
industry, then added:
"Why, even the AFL is no weaker.
Everywhere the CIO has gone in and
organized a basic industry, it has
made it safe for the AFL to come
in and gather up the butcher, the
baker and the candlestick maker."
A canvass of delegates showed they
thought Lewis referred to William
Green, AFL presidentrand a member

of the United Mine Workers for 48
years.
Lewis' speech brought to a close an
afternoon of rank-and-file speech-
making in support of the CIO and
against the AFL.
Three justices

per peninsula as residents started the
long job of diging out. Snow was
30 inches deep on the level and had
drifted into banks as high as 30 feet.
Governor Murhy's instructions for
full relief to storm-sufferers brought
few calls for help, northern welfare
agents reported.
Rumania Eases
Jewish Pressure'
I .r aorlvuu its NiH a ews I

"find' of Arturo Toscanini, and made
her professional debut in 1929. In
her eight years as a professional artist;
she has appeared in leading roles at
major opera houses all over the con-

tinent, but made her debut at the has attended some of President them increasing success against the'
Metropolitan Opera only last season. Roosevelt's recent conferences on Japanese invaders.
Her earliest artistic talent was in business - government cooperation, They contended the Japanese were
the field of painting, and she was sent proposed the following legislative ac- over-extended in a vast area of Cen-

With Note Of Relief
GENEVA, Jan. 26,-()P)-Foreign
Minister Istrate Micescu of Rumania
tonight indicated the anti-Jewish at-
titude of the government of Premier
Octavian Goga would be less aggres-
sive.
This indication, which British and
French spokesmen said was given to
British Foreign Secretary Anthony
Eden and French Foreign Minister
Yvon Delbos, was stated to have been
one of the developments which put
main problems before the League of
Nations Souncil well on their way to-
ward settlement.
Both spokesmen said Micescu's at-
titude indicated the matter of Ru-
mania's treatment of Jews would not
be given urgent attention before the
council.
On the question of the strength of
the League, Foreign Minister Joseph
Beck of Poland was expected to join
Eden and Delbos tomorrow in a gen-
eral statement of faith in the interna-
tional organization.
Delegates were divided into two
camps on, whether to keep sanctions
provisions in the League covenant.
500 CIO Men Plan
Strike In Jersey
JERSEY CITY, N.J., Jan. 26.-(A)
-Five hundred men, members of the
Steel Workers Organizing Commit-
tee, an affiliate of the Committee for
Industrial Organization, went on
strike late today in the local plant of

to the Academy of Fine Arts in Paris. tion: tral China and were being harassed that initial expenses have taken a the one meter diving board to take
At the same time she studied piano 1. "Monopolistic and unfair prac- constantly by fast-moving guerilla large slice of the budget because of a well-earned victory over Wolverine
at the Paris Conservatoire, but re- tices should be more clearly defined, forces striking repeatedly at "thin the necessity of renting offices and Hal Benham, sophomore diver who
ceived no formal voice training. Her both in the interest of enforcement communication lines." equipment. definitely showed the effects of a
voice studies were carried on by her- and to protect honest efforts to com- Guerilla tactics, the Chinese said, There are about 2,000 clerical po- (Continued on Page 3)
self, mainly by listening to records ply with the law. were being employed more and more, sitions under the civil service for theI
and going to operas and concerts. n administrative body should with the result that the Japanese 7,000 applicants of which an unde-
-. be specifically empowered to pass on have been prevented from undertak- termined number will be vacated by
the prima facie legality of coopera- ing further advances. later qualifying tests. Of Beer To Minors
CongressJ- op tive activities (through trade asso- Japanese efforts to smash Chinese Some 600 classifications must be
ciations or special agreements), so defenders in Central China by seizing completed and examined by June 30, LANSING, Jan. 26.-(P)-Governor
Booths Sold OIut that business organizations can un- the vital Lunghai and Tientsin-Pukow the director said, and the examination Murphy called the Liquor Control
dertake a great many programs ab- IRailways, which cross at Suchow, ap- writing staff is well ahead of schedule. Commission before him today and or-
solutely necessary to protect and pro- parently have bogged down in the He reported to the commission that dered it to "clean up scandalous con-
mote business and employment, with- face of Chinese resistance, he was getting excellent cooperation ditions" in drinking houses.
Independents To Sponsor out being subject to undeserved prose- Information received from Ameri- from department heads "They report The Governor said he was espe-
Special Breakfast cutions and penalties. can missionaries at Tenghsien, about civil service is giving them a con- cially interested in seeing that places
65 miles north of the Lunghai line, in- venient out from jobhunters and sav- selling beer and liquor to minors were
All independent booths at the Culbertsons Terminate dicated the Japanese virtually have ing them valuable time," he said.' deprived of their licenses.
J-Hop sponsored by Congress, inde- 'pbeen stalled for three weeks 90 miles
pendent men's organizaton, have been Contract In Reno Court north of Suchow. S
filled~~~~Pr Huwa Shihedyetrdy yT1races - emocratilc
filled it was announced yesterday by RENO, Nev., Jan. 26.-(A')-A brief, Chinese military leaders pointed to
Robert Kleiner, 38, chairman of the private trial ended in a divorce here regeneration of their air force as
publicity committee. today for Mrs. Josephine Culbertson, presaging "growing opposition to theP ogressIn hina*,P raises ooth
Kleiner also said that all indepen- bridge expert, who charged her hus- Japanese aerial offensives." _
dent men who have signed up for band, Ely, with "extreme mental Japanese said Chinese pressure on
participation in booths will find the cruelty." Hangchow, 125 miles southwest of A Great War and a Great Depres- Despite the present centralization
lists on the Congress bulletin board in No details of the testimony, given Shanghai, had been lessened. Chinese sion have brought a new political and of government for military needs,
the Union lobby. to District Judge Thomas F. Moran, troops in that area were said to have! social consciousness to the youth of trends in China are toward the es-
Congress will sponsor special after- were made public but Mrs. Culbert- withdrawn to the southwest. America, Dr. Hu Shih said yesterday
at the Rotary Club luncheon in the tablishment of a democracy under a
dance breakfasts following the "Hop" son's attorney, George Springmeyer, At Wuhu, where severe fighting has Union for sons and daughters of Ro- Constitution, Dr. Hu Shih, Chinese
in one of the private dining rooms of said the cruelty was "purely of a men- I been going on and both sides have Unia ns and th ersi o -educator and phil sh, Cai-
theUnon tl atre" ufere hav lsssth Cinsetarians attending the University. euao n philosopher, told a Ui-
the Union. tal nature." suffered heavy losses, the Chinese The burden of political and social versity lecture audience yesterday.
said Japanese received 10,000 rein- reforms has fallen inevitably upon the Representatives from all sections of
Frigid W eather M ay Destroy F shrn the weckage of a plane that the nsshoulders of the younger intellectuals China were to have voted Nov. 12 on a
I DJapanese said they shot down at in al countries except the Anglo- constitution, he said, providing for a
" U-g- -anking, they reported they found Saxon, Dr. Hu said, and he attributed government based on the American
Life 11 Local Lakes, azard aVsthe body of an Occidental. They said this willingness of youth to fight for principle of the separation of powers.
(this was the first such evidence they reforms to a "carefree and courageous This constitution would have further
had obtained of foreign participation attitude" which is not to be found provided for an entire government
By CARL PETERSEN the oxygen content reaches a ratio in the Chinese-Japanese conflict among the more conservative adults branch devoted to making govern-
Fish life in southern Michigan lakes of two parts of oxygen to one million of the older generation. ment a profession, and for "censors"
is in serious danger of being destroyed of water. In the winter of '35-'36, The growth of the Communist Party to act as a check on over-extension
J if the heavy snow and cold of the which was especially hard, a survey lOld Grad DedicatesN piv in China he pointed out can be at- f fTb th t

j
t
4
1
r
t
,,

May Quit Cour
Name Cardozo, Brandeis
And McReynolds
WASHINGTON, Jan. 26.-(P)-Re-
ports circulated in congressional cir-
cles today that Supreme Court Jus-
tices Cardozo, Brandeis and McRey-
nolds were considering retirement.
One authority said Cardozo had
advised President Roosevelt informal-
ly that he thought ill-health neces-
sitated his retirement.
Mr. Roosevelt was reported to have
suggested that the Justice wait until

}
r
1
f

past few weeks continues, Dr. A. S.
Hazard, director of the Institute of
Fisheries said in an interview yester-
day.
Snow falling on< ice covering the
lakes, he said, prevents plants in the
lake bottoms from getting light neces-
sary to carry on the process of photo-

of two representative lakes in south-
ern Michigan showed that 1,200 to 1,-
500 fish per acre were killed by an
under supply of oxygen resulting from
snow and ice on top of the lake.
There is great danger of this con-
dition resulting, said Dr. Hazard, only
when the snow covering lasts for a

lvi et O lm-IA tributed to the great interest of Chi-
Rnnk 7'n P r 3. IJ&LF( A ti

uvvn A tp 1 "tut""tuNut

r-

Major Flavius E. Loudy of the U.S.
Navy a member of the Early Birds an
organization composed of men who
flew the box kites that passed for
planes in the prewar days and a grad-

nese youth in political movements.
['he training of young officers for war
against Japan, "our neighbors," Dr.
Hu cited as a contemporary example
of rejuvenation of Chinese institu-
tions by youthful blood.
The students of the United States.

o Power y e governmen .
Pointing out that various individual
autocratic regimes have failed in
China since the overthrow of the
Manchu dynasty in 1912, Dr. Hu de-
lared that democracy was the only
political system natural to the demo-
cratic social structure in the country.

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