THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WflJ NL' -, DAV. .IAN. .5, 1#)3A
FOUR WEDNESDAY, JAN. 5, iS8
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Publihed every morning except Monday during the
Ulniversity year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matter herein also
En.iasedat the PosttOffice at Ann Arbor, Michigan as
teeond ,~lass mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
#4.00; by mal, $4.50.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 193738
RPgkE tINTD O 'lNATIONAL A r'~i. 4 ,'
College Publishers Representaive
420 MADISON AVE. NEW YORK. N. Y.
CHICAGO - BOSTON LOS ANGELES - SAN FRANCSCO
Board of Editors
MANAGING EDITOR.............JOSEPH S. MATTES
WDITORIAL DIRECTOR ........... TUURE TENANDER
CITY EDITOR................WILLIAM C. SPALLER
NEWS EDITOR...................ROBERT P WEEKS
WOMEN'S EDITOR................HELEN DOUGLAS
SPORTS EDITOR...................IRVIN LISAGOR
BUSINESS MANAGER ..............ERNEST A. JONES
CREDIT MANAGER.................DON WILSHER
ADVERTISING MANAGER .... NORMAN B. STEINBERG
WOMEN'S BUSINESS MANAGER ........BETTY DAVY
WOMEN'S SERVICE MANAGER ..MARGARET FERRIES
NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT PERLMAN
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Goes Into Action1..1 .
T HE IMMEDIATE PROBLEM con-
fronting the present regular session
of Congress is the so-named business recession,
the growing proportions of which have thrown
hunqreds of thousands of workers out of em-
ployment in nearly all branches of industry, and
which, unless checked, even threatens to assume
the magnitude of another major depression. ;
Two general lines of attack were suggested
in the special session just ended to combat the
slump. Conservative Senators Vandenberg,
Byrnes, Wheeler, Byrd et al. have urged a free
hand for private enterprise, which, they assert,
is capable of taking up the unemployment slack
if only it is liberated from the burden of govern-
ment interference, and, in particular, of exces-
sive taxation. The liberal wing of Congress, on
the other hand, led by Senator Wagner, Repre-
sentative Maverick and other champions of the
Administration, has fought for a program of gen-
eral economic reform, on the theory that pros-
perity can best be insured by a maintenance
of mglass buying-power.
The latter proposal appears the more rational
in view of the record of private industry during
the past four years. The abandonment of the
program of the "second New Deal" would mean
the surrender of the economic helm entirely into
the hands of a small group of men who in the
past have given evidence of activation solely by
greed for profit. The majority of the benefits
of the first New Deal were reaped by these men,
the owners and managers of the great corpora-
tions which control the larger part of the nation's
wealth. Neither labor, small' business nor the
professions derived increases in income propor-
tional to the gains in profit of the automobile,
steel, building material, textile and other manu-
Assistant Attorney-General Jackson, among
others, has pointed out some of the fantastic fig-
ures reached by corporation profits in recent
times. Among the examples he singled out were
two mail order houses which made a combined
profit of over 50 million dollars in 1936 as com-
pared with a loss in 1932; two automobile com-
panies which made 301 millions in 1936 compared
with a loss four years earlier, and three chem-
ical companies which multiplied their total profit
during the same period from 27 millions to 96
millions. Mr. Jackson also remarked upon the,
salaries of two automobile executives, Mr. Alfred
P. Sloan and Mr. William Knudsen, chairman and
president of General Motors Corp., whose remun-
erations were increased from $261,473 and $211,-
128, respectively in 1934 to $561,311 and $507,645
Iese tremendous profits are scarcely indica-
tions of the need of big business to be freed from
taxation and regulations; on the contrary, they
may be considered alarming manifestations of the
necessity for government regulation to enforce
a more equitable distribution of corporate in-
Reasonable wage and hour standards, work
relief and housing, financed by taxation of ex-
cessive financial and industrial profits would
appear to be more in the interests of the masses
of the people than a wholesale capitulation on
the part of the government to the demand for a
"free hand" on the part of organized greed.
man unification, which gave early training to
many of his war-time fellow-officers as well as
adversaries, Ludendorff perhaps for this reason
partially escaped the rigidly antique outlook fos-
tered in their minds, and quickly made himself
known as an ardent exponent of the newer modes
of conducting international mass murder. Aided
by his unquenchable ambition, iron will and bril-
liant intellect, he gained an important post in
the operations division of the general staff in the
years before the war, taking to heart the lessons
of the great Graf von Schlieffen, originator of
the march-through-Belgium plan of campaign
and most notable technician of slaughter since
Napoleon. As exponent ofthe Schlieffen "total
war" method, Ludendorff succeeded in having a
large increase voted in the Reich military estab-
:ishment in 1913, although not as large a one as
Schlieffen, then dead, had considered necessary
to the execution of his plan.
When the war broke out Ludendorff held a sub-
ordinate command, but distinguished himself in
the first important action on the Western Front.
the capture of Liege in the early part of August,
1914, the first step in the advance into France.
Following this exploit, he was transferred to
East Prussia to help stem the Russian invasion.
Working with Col. Hoffman, a kindred spirit, he
overthrew the advancing Russians at Tannen-
berg, killing, mangling and capturing more than
a quarter of a million of the enemy. His su-
perior in command, General Von Hindenburg,
reaped the major share of the credit, however,
as he also did for the subsequent strokes of 1914
and '15 in Poland and Galicia. In 1916 Luden-
dorff wished to strike a knockout blow against
Russia by an offensive into the fertile Ukraine.
but the then chief of the general staff, Von Fal-
kenhayn, rejected the plan in favor of his own
pet project, the attack on Verdun, a decision
which probably cost Germany the war.
In August of 1916, with the population restless
over the hardships and duration of the struggle,
the Kaiser turned to Hindenburg and Ludendorff
to save an increasingly precarious situation. The
brilliant and easy conquest of Rumania followed
and temporarily revived the war-spirit of the
army and the people. In 1917 Ludendorff out-.
generaled the Allies on the Western Front by a
calculated retreat from an untenable salient to
the Hindenburg Line, a new system of defenses
prepared in advance.
In the spring of 1917 the long-postponed blow
at the crumbling defenses of Imperial Russia
was delivered, followed by the notorious imposed
peace of Brest-Litovsk. In the autumn came the
reckoning with Italy at Caporetto, a victory
stopped short of annihilation by French and Eng-
lish troops rushed across the Alps. In the
spring of 1918 Ludendorff made the last effort,
* in the great offensive of the Chemin des Dames,
an attempted break through the British and
French armies at their point of juncture, which
failed by the narrowest of margins. Ludendorff,
hitherto the man of steel, cracked under the
strain of the subsequent French counter-attacks
and told the Kaiser to get an armistice at any
price. Afterwards, when it was too late, he
changed his mind, and decided Germany could
hold out behind the Rhine till spring.
Upon conclusion of the war, Ludendorff fled to
Norway. In 1919 he returned with Col. Bauer, a
former aide and began to dabble in reactionary
politics. In 1920 Ludendorff was back of the
Kapp putsch, an attempt to overthrow the re-
publican government which was frustrated by a
general strike on the part of the trade unions.
In 1923 he supported the beer-cellar putsch of
Adolph Hitler, but was saved from a prison sen-
tence by his illustrious name. The next year
he sat in the Reichstag as a National Socialist
deputy, but after a brief period withdrew into
Ludendorff's life, one of the most noxious
and destructive in history, may be considered
the highest possible development under modern '
:onditions, of the military career. Turned in an-
other direction, Ludendorff's genius would have
served society in an extraordinary manner, but
fixed in the confines of the Iron Cross and the
steel helmet, its contribution to civilization could
only take the form of a pattern in mud, blood
and hate. Joseph Gies.
U P'TIL THIS TIME we have merely
shrugged our shoulders when people
have demanded an editorial about the deplorable
condition of the sidewalks in Ann Arbor. But
now realization of the seriousness of the situation
has come to us with a bang.
WE FELL DOWN.
No statistics can possibly be garnered to dem-
onstrate how many other people have suffered
physical pain and mental anguish because of
having come into too close a contact with glazed
pavements. Students are seen hobbling into
classrooms ten minutes late, even then to beat
the crippled professors on their crutches by fully
It seems to us (with apologies to the other
humorous fellow on this page) that the city of
Ann Arbor should makesome provision for chip-
ping the mirror that blankets the city. Surely
this is not too much for the residents to expect.
- - -..
I got Connie to come in on a pledge not to knock
anybody until 1938. Three minutes later she was
sounding off, and when I objected she answered,
"But he doesn't count. You know what I think
of that little runt. If he ever grows up a couple
of inches I'm going to punch
him right in the nose."
"That," I said severely, "is
not the holiday spirit. At
x your age you ought to know
enough to keep your big trap
With that the fight start-
ed, and in a couple of seconds
broken pledges were lying all
over the room. And so I've
signed up again for the duration of 1937.
Somebody has sent me a clipping from Dale
Carnegie in which that ambassador of good will
writes, "Hunger is one of your greatest inspira-
tions." That will have to be passed by until next
Nor have I any intention of mentioning the
speech recently made by Henry Ford's radio man,
William J. Cameron, who can drip more butter
fat over the air than any broadcaster I have ever
heard. Mr. Cameron spoke in condemnation of
"brutal military invasion and violation of weaker
nations,' 'and the very next day Henry's Tokyo
representative bought a big chunk of Japanese
war bonds as an evidence of the friendliness of
* * * *
Hoping For The Best
However, I'm not going to say a word until
1938. Until the wild bells ring out, Hague is just
the Mayor of Jersey City, nothing more and noth-
ing less, and Tom Mercer Girdler is a tired
buiness man taking a West Indian cruise on the
Rotterdam. Sometimes you get a heavy ground
swell going into Nassau harbor, but naturally I
am hoping for the best. I try to persuade myself
that in 1938 everything will be different and the
lamb will lie down with the lion and live to get
In our family we have a New Year's Eve custom
brought over, I suppose, by my grandfather, who
was one of those sentimental Prussians. Just
before the stroke of midnight we climb up on
chairs or stools or stepladders, and as the chimes
begin we jump into the New Year. The idea is
that you are shaking from your shoes the dust of
It is not only a New Year but a new world
into which you leap. As in the case of Lucifer
falling from heaven, each rebel against the status
quo is suspended for a split second in that limbo
which lies between time and space.
Footstool Will Be Mich Safer
If one has the inclination, one may even make a
set of resolutions during the brief period in which
he is a resident of the purifying ether. As a
younger man I outlined for myself one year quite
an imposing list of things I was not going to do
from that time forth. And so I chose a step-
ladder as the springboard for my leap. It didn't
work out very well, because my first resolve was to
give up profanity in all forms, and as I lit I fell
and sprained my ankle. I also broke a resolution.
This year I've picked a footstool.
The custom is not as crazy as it seems. It has
value as a gesture. The New Year is the legiti-
mate offspring of the old. The nose and the
eyes most certainly will remind us of the sire.
But still it's just a baby. It may be possible to
lick some sense into it. We might even be able
to take it down to the foundling home and change
it. Art Young once said, "Every child is a genius."
Let's proceed on that assumption.
By JAMES GREEN
Rarely have the expectations of
theatre-goers been so brilliantly met
as were those of the large contin-
gent from Ann Arbor that journeyed
to Detroit's Cass Theatre Monday
night to see Maurice Evans open in
Shakespeare's Richard II. Enthu-
siastically hailed in its long New
York run, it and Mr. Evans should
receive from its wider audience addi-
tional plaudits. It has been some
time since a Shakespearian company
on the road has assumed the aspect
of a triumphal procession, but this
production deserves all of that.
The play is well staged, well direct-
ed and intelligently edited. The
sets as well as the costumes were well
conceived with a good mixture of
bright coloring and restraint. A few
of the sets were outstanding, notable
among which was the cell at Pom-
fret castle in which Richard's clos-
ing scene is played. The lighting was
intelligently handled and the use of
the orchestra pit as an entrance was
Almost every part was well acted.
Frederick Worlock's Bolingbroke was
more than competent. He brought
all of Henry's strength and develop-
ing shrewdness into strong and com-
plete contrast with Richard's char-
acter. Perhaps Lee Barker as John
of Gaunt seemed unnaturally vigor-
ous for a weakened and dying man
but he was able, nevertheless, to bring
out most of the wisdom and strength
of character in the man.
The delineation of York by Lionel
Hogarth was perhaps the only flaw
in the production. We see York act-
ed as a senile old man, almost a Po-
lonius-like fool rather than a man
made indecisive by the grip of strong
but divided loyalties. It is hard to
imagine York as a comic character
but the characterization almost made
him that. It is only by the omission
of York's best scene, that in which
he disowns his son before the king,
that such a characterization is at all
permissible. Of the others, Emmett
Rogers as Northumberland and Rhys
Williams as the Bishop of Carlisle
are deserving of special mention.
It would be impossible to write this
review without devoting a large part
of it to Maurice Evans' magnificent
Richard. It is hard, in fact, to keep
this from being completely an essay
on Evans. From the opening scene
to Exton's not-too-apt epitaph, Ev-
ans was completely, in every line and
gesture, the sensitive but shallow
weakling that is Shakespeare's Rich-
ard. There is not a single instant in
the whole course of Richard's down-
fall at the hands of Bolingbroke that
his every dramatized emotion and
motivation is not bare before our
It is not belittling Mr. Evans to say
that the role is one that any actor
might desire. Richard himself is
the consummate actor. Cast down
by the consequences of his actions"
that he is never able to foresee or to
comprehend, he sinks into dramatic
self-pity. In all situations, on the
heights or in the depths, he sees him-
self as an actor in a play, the play of
kings that must inevitably have a
happy ending. Maurice Evans ac-
complishes these swift transitions7
with all of the great skill that is nec-
essary to make us understand them"
and the man.
That I was delighted with the per-
formance you have perhaps gathered
by now. It sets a high standard for
other Shaksepearian companies. And
it certanly engenders the hope that
we may see Maurice Evans in others
of Shakespeare's plays. The first
chance will come this Thursday af-
ternoon when he plays the role of
Falstaff in the First Part of Henry IV.
(Continued from Page 2)
the appointed hours. Registrations
by proxy will not be accepted,
Robert L. Williams,
Registration Material: Colleges of
L.S.&A., Education, Music. Students
should call for second semester regis-
tration material at Room 4 University
Hall as soon as possible. Please see
your adviser and secure all necessary
III will consist of two ' essay type
questions dealing with applications.
The first of these questions will be
"State the philosophy of Education
which you hold, i.e., your convictions
or fundamental beliefs regarding ed-
ucation." The second of these ques-
tions will as that you apply this
philosophy to some one or two speci-
fically stated problems of the schools.
(These problems will be given out in
particularized form at the time of the
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to 11l members of the
University. Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President
until 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.
Robert L. Williams,
L.S.&A. Juniors and Seniors wish-
Registration Material: College of ing to change their field of concen-
Architecture. Students should call for tration for the second semester.
second semester material at Room 4 please procure slips at Room 4 U.H.,
University Hall at once. The College have them signed by the adviser in
of Architecture will post an an- the new field, and return them to
nouncement in the near future giving Room 4, U.H. before Feb. 1, 1938.
time of conferences with your classi- Robert L. Williams.
fier. Please wait for this notice be-
fore seeing your classifier. Anthropology 31, 101 and 153 will
Robert L. Williams, not meet today. M. Titiev.
Registration Material: School of oncers
Forestry and Conservation. Regis- Graduation Recital: Robert Camp-
tration material should be called for bell, organist, will give a graduation
beginning today at Room 2048 Natur- recital Thursday, Jan. 6, at 4:15
al Science Bldg. o'clock in Hill Auditorium. The
S. T. Dana, Dean. general public is invited.
The Bureau has received notice of
the following Civil Service Examina-
Student Fingerprint Classifier, $1,-
440 a year; Federal Bureau of Inves-
tigation, Department of Justice,
Senior Mathematical Statistical
Analyst, $4,600 a year; Mathematical
Statistical Analyst,$3,800 a year; As-
sociate Mathematical Statistical An-
alyst, $3,200 a year; Assistant Mathe-
matical Statistical Analyst, $2,600 a
year; Soil Conservation Service, De-
partment of Agriculture.
Junior Tabulating Machine Op-
erator, $1,440 a year; Alphabetic Ac-
counting Machine Operator, $1,440 a
year; Washington, D.C.
Inspector of Railway Signaling and
Train Control, $3,800 a year; Inter-
state Commerce Commission.
For further information, please call
at the office, 201 Mason Hall.
The Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information
Students Planning to do Directed
Teaching: Students expecting to do
directed teaching the second semes-
ter are urged to interview Dr. Curtis
in Room 2442 University Elementary
School according to the following
Wednesday, Jan. 26: 1:30 to 4:30,
Mathematics and Science, Commer-
Thursday, Jan. 27: 1:30 to 4:30,
Latin, French, German, Fine Arts.
Friday, Jan. 28: 9:00 to 12:00,
English and Speech.
Friday, Jan. 28: 1:30 to 4:30, So-
Assignments for directed teaching
are made in order of application.
Students Concentrating in Econ-
omics: Cards have been mailed to
all students concentrating in Ec-
onomics arranging for an appoint-
ment during the week of January 10
to plan a program for the balance
of your academic career. If you have
not received your appointment card,
please see Miss Mabbs, Room 107 Ec.
Bldg., at once. Students who will
become eligible for concentration at
the beginning of the second semester
and who plan to elect Economics as
a field of concentration should also
see Miss Mabbs at once and arrange
for an appointment. Registration
material should be obtained from
the Registrar's office by all students
before coming to an appointment..
Mr. Charles Weber of Union Theo-
logical Seminary will speak on "Eth-
ics in American Industry" at the
Michigan League, Wednesday, at
4:15 p.m. All students are welcome.
Public Lecture: "Parthian Art" by
Prof. Clark Hopkins. Sponsored by
the Research Seminary in Islamic
Art. Monday, Jan. 10. 4:15 in Room
D, Alumni Memorial Hall. Illustrated
with slides. No admission charge.
The Women's Research Club will
meet today at 7:30 p.m. in Room 110
of the General Library. Speaker,
Mrs. E. B. Mains, on the subject, "A
Garden Study" which will be il-
lustrated with slides in natural colors.
Luncheon for graduate students to-
day at 12 o'clock in the Russian Tea
Room of the League.
Cafeteria service. Bring tray across
hall. Professor Preston Slosson of
the History Department will speak
informally on "Great Power Diplo-
Seminar in Physical Chemistry will
meet in Room 122 Chemistry Build-
ing today at 4:15 p.m. Mr. Charles
A. Murray will speak on "Attractive
and Repulsive Forces in Colloidal
Chemical and Metallurgical En-
gineering Seminar: Mr. Ward L.
Paine will be the speaker at the
Seminar for graduate students in
Chemical and Metallurgical Engin-
eering today at 4 o'clock in Room
3201 E. Eng. Bldg. His subject will
be "The Carbon-Oxygen Complex."
Phi Sigma Meeting: Tonight at 8
p.m. in Room 2116 N.S.
Dr. R. L. Belknap of the Geology
Department will give an illustrated
talk on "Greenland: Its History and
Athena: Compulsory meeting to-
night at 7:30 p.m. in the Portia Room,
Angell Hall. Dues payable. Anyone
interested in trying out may do so
at that time.
Sphinx will meet at noon today in
the Union. Robert Perlman will speak
on "Me and the Managing Editor of
Out in the suburban district of Detroit there
is a large store which sells foodstuffs by the car-
load lots. Above it is a huge sign which says,
PACKER'S OUTLET. Next to this store is a
small beer tavern. Above it is a neon sign
reading, SAMMY'S INLET.
Song title: "There's A Gold Mine In the
Sky." It is rumored that Roosevelt is inves-
tigating. Perhaps he is hoping to confiscate it
as a monopoly.
An inquiring reporter recently asked a North-
western student, "What do you think of the Far-
Eastern situation?" The student very calmly
replied, "I'm surprised Fordham didn't go to the
The house-mother at one of the local
sorority houses has been nicknamed "Roose-
velt" because she is definitely an anti-liberty
he does. What results when he caresses the soft
furry mice and puppies happens here too; he
snaps her neck. Five minutes later he doesn't re-
member what he's done, but some inner force
impels him to hide. A posse is hot after him;
George sidetracks their hunt and finds Lennie
and in a heartbreaking last scene shoots him
as the only way out.
Of Mice and Men has the good fortune to be
physically conceived by some of the best men
in the theatre. Acted by Wallace Ford as George
E_____the New York Times" with gestures.
SCandidates for the Master's Degree All connected with the organization
in History: The language examina- are urged to attend this meeting for
l i tion for the Master's Degree in His- important business will be discussed.
li10 tory will be given at 4 p.m., Friday, _
Jan. 21, in Room B, Haven Hall. Can- University Giaris' Glee Club: There
didates must bring their own diction- will be a regular meeting tonight at
By TOM McCANN aries. Copies of old examinations are 7:15 at the League. All members are
on file in the Basement Study Hall in urged to be present.
Of course, we could have been ut- the General Library. All students
terly brazen about the whole thing, taking the examination must regis- Congress: Meeting of the Social
saying that we knew all along that ter in the History Department Of- Committee tonight at 7 p.m. in Room
Bernie Cummins and Esrkine Hawk- fice, 119 Haven Hall, before Monday, 306 of the Union.
ins were going to play for the IFC Jan. 17.
party, that we were just kidding
about Jimmy Lunceford and Hud- DirPublicity Committee of the League
Directed Teaching, Qualifying Ex- will meet at 5 p.m. today in the Un-
son-DeLang and that we were just amination: All students expecting to dergraduate Offices. All members
saving the information as surprise do directed teaching next semester must be present.
material, but we didn't. We feel armrquredtopase quliyigsee-nt._
resoaby ur ody ha w hv are required to pass a qualifying ex-_
reasonaby nsre todthat weve amination in the subject which they, C iE'
our feet on the ground when we say expect to each. This examination 1 C m "Ze t
that Bernie Cummins and Erskine will be -held on Saturday, Jan. 8, at C
Hawkins will be in Ann Arbor the 1 P.M. Students will meet in the Au- Junior Mathematics Club will meet
night of Jan. 14. tu meti the Au- Friday, Jan. 7, at 4:15 p.m. in Room
Sditorium of the University High 3201 A.H. Mr. Murray H. Protter'will
School. The examination will con- give a talk on Continuous Geometry.
To midwesterners, Bernie Cummins, sume about four hours' time; prompt- Refreshments will follow.
of course, is the better known of the ness is therefore essential.
two organizations. For many years The Observatory Journal Club will
Bernie played at the Trianon in Chi- Comprehensive Examination in Ed- meet at 4:15 Thursday afternoon,
cago, and three of his bands ago, the ucatior" All candidates for the Jan. 6, in the Observatory lecture
Cummins ensemble ran along he Teacher's Certificate are required to room. Dr. Robley C. Williams will
lines of the Ted Weems pattern. Since pass a Comprehensive Examination speak on "Energy Disibution in the
his appearance at the Trianon, Ber-; in Education, covering the fields of Spectra of the eg Stars." iteau ill bte
nie has had three different bands: work definitely prescribed therefor sera 40 Tea will be
one at the Trianon, one at the New Such an examination will be held e da :p.m.
York Biltmore and another at the! Saturday, Jan. 8, 1938, from 9 to 12 4 l lTA
Of .11:(-e A i(id Men
John Steinbeck has molded a superlatively fine
drama from his own novel of the same name,
Of Mice and Men. The touching story of the
friendship between George and the weak-minded
Lennie as it is unfolded by Mr. Steinbeck builds
and mounts and pounds its way into a hot
Drake in Chicago. o'clock (and again from 2 to 5
Bernie himself is a pleasing young o'clock) in the Auditorium of the
maestro with a voice patterned after University High School. Students
that of Ted Weems' Parker Gibbs. having Saturday morning classesl
zoog Clna:mr. A. J. NiCh-
olson will report on "The nesting
habits of the wood-mouse as de-
termined by nest boxes," on Thurs-
day, Jan. 6 at 7:30 p.m. in Room 2116