100%

Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue

Share

Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

December 17, 1937 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1937-12-17

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

The Weather
Mostly cloudy, probably local
rain or snow today; tomorrow,
cloudy'; little change.

. L17 r

A6F 4 410 -Adkh
mmw-qmWv
.4iltr t an

KIai

Editorials
None But i ool
want 11'.r, tint .
Congraulations,
halamazoo College ..,

VOL. XLVIII. No. 70 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, DEC. 17, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Lewis Doubts
Peace Between.
CIO And AFL
Union Head Also Claims
Congress Is Ignoring
'Menacing Problems'
Says Green Refuses
To Absorb His Unit
PITTSBURGH, Dec. 16.--(R)-John
L. Lewis, in a speech to a tumultous
convention of steel workers, asserted
today Congress was ignoring problems
which menaced America and indicat-
ed there was slight hope for peace be-
tweer the warring CIO and AFL.
"Mills and plants throughout the
nation are closing down and turning
men out," the militant CIO chieftain
told more than 900 delegates repre-
senting 1,080 SWOC lodges in the
United States and Canada.
'Something Must Be Done'
"There are no adequate arrange-
ments made for relief and no pros-
pects of other employment," he said.
"Somethipg must be done, but no
suggestion has been put forward ex-
cept from the house of Labor, and
those suggestions so far have not been
heeded or recognized or adopted .. .
"Congress mills around and engages
in its petty political bickerings and
ignores the problems that America is
menaced with now to a greater de-
gree tha4 ever before. The only way
you are ever going to be heard is to
organize ."
Dimming the prospects for peace
at next Tuesday's conference in
Washington between leaders of the
CIO and AFL, Lewis declared:
'CIO Was Amenable'
"The CIO offered to walk in with
its entire four million members. The
AFL refused that. It says it will take '
one million now and, if these can be
digested, it will take the other three
later.
"We will tell them again 'you'll
digest all of us or none of us.'"
The CIO and AFL split more than
18 months ago over the question of
craft and industrial forms of organi-
zation. -
"I know personally Mr. Green's
(William Green, AFL president) di-
gestion very well. And as a matter
of fact, four million is a little too

NLRB Examiner Explains How
Wagner Act Works In Practice
________-/

Curtis Chosen
To Give Yearly
Russel Lecture

U.' S.

St iffen s

Its'

A ttitude

Labor's Right To Bargain
Collectively For Sale Of
Time Defended By Act
By ROBERT PERLMAN
The theory underlying the National
Labor Relations Act is that labor is a
commodity, that laborers should have
the same right to bargain for the
sale and use of their labor that own-
ars of other commodities have and
that moaern industrial conditions
make it impossible for workers to bar-
gain as individuals and make it neces-
sary for them to act collectively, Harry
N. Casselman, '37L, field examiner for
the Detroit office of the NLRB, told
the Daily in an interview.
Mr. Casselman is one of the five
field examiners of the lower Mich-
igan region under the NLRB. The
region, one of 21 in the United States,
has one director and three attorneys
connected with the- office in Detroit.
A Typical Case
Asked to describe the history of a
typical case, Mr. Casselman said, "A
man comes into the NLRB office, pre-
sents his credentials as a represen-
tative of a union or as a worker and
alleges violation of the National Labor
Relations Act, also known as the
Wagner Act.
"In many cases," Mr. Casselman
said, "the moving or complaining
party misconstrues the purpose of the
Act, which is primarily to insure
workers the right to bargain collec-
tively. This right actually has been
a civil right for years, but has not
been enforced by the courts."
Limited Authority
The Wagner Act was held valid by
the Supreme Court as a constitutional
exercise of congressional power over
interstate commerce. Therefore the
Board, Mr. Casselman said, can exert
its authority only where it can prove
that interstate commerce is affected.
If the complaining party, Mr. Cas-
selman said, brings a "C" or "charge"
case, he alleges violation of Section 8
of the Act which declares that it shall
be an unfair labor practice for an
employer:
1. To interfere with or restrain
employes in the exercise of their rights
Loyalists Win
New Victories
Claim To Have Taken
Points In Teruel

to self-organization and to bargain
collectively through representatives of
their own choosing. "This clause," Mr.
'Oncntinuied on Pave 2)

As Official Word Reveals

Russel Lecturer

Presentation Of Award'
To An Instructor Is A a l
Made At Time Of Talk
Lecturer Is Chosen
On Basis Of Work Tokyo Hastens To Ease
_nB si_ fok Situation By Humbling
Prof. Herbert D. Curtis, of the Self At Funeral Rites
astronomy department, will deliver!
the annual Henry Russel lecture next Adniral In Charge
May, it was announced Wednesday
night by the Research Club, whose Recalled To Capital
council names the speaker. ____
The Russel lecture is given every T K O e.1 U) T e J
year at the time of the presentation TOKYO, Dec. 16. - (P-The Ja-
o the Henry Russel Awaresenwiispanese Navy today announced it
given to an assistant professor or in- would take action without ,precedent
structor whose work in scholarl orac-!in its recent annals to ease the ten-
shsion arising from th kioa aoff+h1,

Lhn

Panay

Boats

U.S. Sailor Killed

New. Evidence Indicates
Gunboat Was Riddled
By Nipponese Ships
Hull Announces
Further Demands
TOKYO, Dec. 17.--(Friday)-
(P)--The Japanese foreign ofice
spokesman said today it was "not
yet decided" whether Janan

tivities seems to merit the prize. The
lecturer is chosen on the basis of
distinguished scholarly work.
The award of $250 is made possible
by a bequest of Henry Russel, '73. of!
Detroit. who left $10.000 to the
University upon his death.
His will stipulated that the income
from the beauest should be used to.
provide additional compensation to
members of the instructing staff.
Those who have delivered the Rus-
sel lectures in past years are: 1925-:
26, Prof.-Emeritus F. G. Novy, of the
medical school; 1927-28 Prof Henry

PROF. HEBER D. CURTIS

much to expect him to digest.
stomach in that respect is a
deal like his mind. It is a
weak."

His
good
little

Police Arrest
208 Unionists
At Ford Plant
Seized In New Attempt
To Pass Out Handbills;
More Action In Missouri
DETROIT, Dec. 16.-(A)-Police of
suburban Dearborn loaded 208 union!
members into patrol wagons today
and hauled them to headquarters,
breaking up another attempt of the
United Automobile Workers to dis-
tribute literature to employes of the
Ford Motor Company.
Of those arrested, 203 were
charged with "obstructing traffic" on
Miller Road in violation of a Dear-
born ordinance and were released.
The CIO-affiliated union has called
strikes in Ford assembly plants at
Kansas City and St. Louis, but both'
plants have continued to operate.
Shots were fired and automobile
windows were broken in three dis-
turbances at Kansas City today, butl
no one was injured. Fourteen wom-
en picketed the Ford plant un-
molested for an hour, but 16 men
trying the same thing were arrested.
At St. Louis, where a strike was
called Nov. 24, a National Labor Re-
lations Board hearing on a citation
charging the Ford Company with
unfair laborpractices opened today
before Trial Examiner Tilford E.
Dudley.
In near-freezing weather at Dear-
born, the unionists carrying litera-
ture made their way through slushl
and ice to the forbidden area of
Miller Road. passing prominent signs;
which read: "Hawking, selling, dis-1
tributing prohibited." The signs had'
been posted since 60 unionists were
arrested in the same area for the'
same offense last week.
Monday, in United States district
court here, Judge Arthur J. Tuttle
will hear arguments on a UAW pe-
tition for an injunction to restrain
police from interfering with litera-
Iture distribution.

A. Sanders, of the Latin department;
1928-29, Dr. Alfred Warthin, late pro-
fessor of pathology; 1929-30, C. H.
Van Tyne, late professor of history;!
1930-31, Prof. Emeritus W. H. Hobbs,
of the geology department; 1931-32,
Prof. Jesse S. Reeves, of the political
science department; 1932-33, Prof.
WalterB. Pillsbury, of the psychology
department.
In 1933-34 Prof. Ermine Case of'
the geology department; 1934-35 G.
Carl Huber, late professor of an-
atomy; 1935-36, Prof. John G. Win-
ter, of the Latin department; and
1936-37, Prof. C. W. Edmunds, of the
medical school.
The Russel Award was made to
Prof. Frank Eggleton of the zoology4
department last year.
A dinner was given Professor Cur-
tis last night in the Union by the
)ast Russel lecturers.
G 0 P Ponders
Program Heads

i
4
,

i~vu CL11 11 1101s L n s n g of the : .. " .a a~ zy
United States gunboat Panay by Ja would reply to the United States'
Iaeewrlns note an the Panay bombing.
anse warplanes.I
The Navy Ministry announced a WASHINGTON, Dec. 16.-(P)--The
formal salute. called one of the high- United States stiffened its attitude
eat honors one nation could render toward the sinking of the gunboat
another, would be. given the four per- Panay upon the arrival of official in-
sons killed in the attack Sunday on formation today that the vessel was
the Panay and three Standard Oil machine-gunned by surface craft as
boats, . z'well as attacked by airplanes.
A company of bluejackets was or Secretary of State Cordell Hulla
dered to fire the salute of honor to nounced that, as a result supl
the victims at the spot on the Yang- mentary representations were bein
tze River above Nanking where they made to Japan through th A
were killed and the Panay sank with can Ambassador, Joseph C rew.
flags fimg.H
flags flying ~~~He said thatontebssfpail
The navy announced Rear-Admiral o sa on the basis of partial
Teizo Mitsunami, Chief of Naval air Iofficial dispatches, he was able to
forces in China, had been recalled to CalsI nmne be ofr press dispatches that.. the
fores n Cina hd ben ecaledto Charles L. Ensmninger (above), Panay was machine-gunned by Ja-
Japan as the officer responsible for storekeeper aboard the United panese army motorboats.
the attack. States gunboat Panay, was killed
Admiral Mitsumasa Yonai, Navy when the boat was bombed and Officials said Hull had additional
whenthe oat as bmbedandinformation, as follows:
Minister, was received in audience by sunk near Nanking, China. ile srvivrs were ps:
Emperor Hirohito. Naval officials While survivors were escaping
declined to say whether it was in from the sinking Panay, airplanes
connection with the Panay incident ,dived and machine-gunned the small-
which President Roosevelt requested icy ighwayboats from an extremely low altitude,
be called to the Emperor's personal ; wounding two persons;
attention. . Await Drive s Bullet holes later were found in
A high government official said *) the Panay's outboard motor sampan;
Japan would meet the demands made . Before the Panay sank, some Ja-
by the United States for indemnities,' AAA Cautions panese military boarded the Panay
apologies and guarantees there would and stayed there five minutes, al-
be no recurrence of the attacks. though the American colors were fly-
The official said, ho**ver, "the ne- Seven Dead In Buffalo; ing and the nationality of the boat
gotiations at present are entirely be- was easily discernible
tween the governments and, there- Tardy Trans And Slow Hull said the ciarges would be
fore, his majesty has no part in the Traffic Irk New York presented by Ambassador Grew to
picture." the Japanese government to "con-
(President Roosevelt's "request" The local branch of the AAA firm, elaborate and support" the al-
generally was considered the one wayytedad stud legations and demands already made
effectively to curb Japanese attacks yeseray warne ents driv in a formal note
by making the armed forces realize home for the Christmas Vacation
they were embarrassing the emperor, to pr'epare for icy roads in all di- .dStriving to prevent the Panay in-
an unforgivable crime in the Japanese rections out of Ann Arbor. gerous waters, State Department of-
sy'stem). Throughout all surrounding states, ficials said they were awaiting direct,
Japan will reply to the American conditions are generally like those in eyewitness reports from Commander
note in a few days, the official said. Ann Arbor, while in Indiana and Hughes of the Panay and Secretary
Ohio, with temperatures of 40 de- Atcheson of the American Embassy in
Chinese Rout Goes On grees and slight fog, the sleet is China.
melting. State Department officials did not
SHANGHAI, Dec. 17.-(Friday)- Those going eastward to New York hide their feeling that the official
( P-Japan's army and navy com-! and New England were advised to message mentioned by Hull had giv-
manders today prepared for a tri- take the southern route through en the situation a more serious aspect.
umphal entry into China's fallen Harrisburg because highways outside Many persons here felt the mes-
capital, Nanking, while Generalissimo Buffalo are impassible. Worse can-'sage indicated that the "manifest
Chiang Kai-Shek, somewhere in the ditions for tomorrow are possible, it mistake" excuse in the Japanese note
interior, broadcast this message to dis fro rwensd. could not be validatedJ
the Chinese nation: "We must not wassexplained,.could not bvaite
surrender." The AAA suggested that drivers Officials said this did not neces-
Arthui Menken, Paramout news- carry sand or gravel and food to an- sarily imply knowledge and delibera-
reel cameraman, radioed that the ticipate their being stranded. Above erion on the part of the Tomili tar
once proud capita was a shambles, all, it was urged, they should exer- ergnnt in th nsemiitary
dotted with corpses of soldier dead cise caution, maintain moderate organization in China seemed to op-
and civilian victims of the terrific speeds and drive little during the erate on its own responsibility, sub-
Japanese air and land attacks. night. ckyo, which in turn c smubject
All Chinese males founo with any Weathhe asociaed Press)ath and to the Emperor and not to the civil
signs of having served in the army government.
were herded together and executed, delay in the eastern states yesterday. The State Department acknowledge
Menken said. Traffic moved slowly through snow, That e Deartmen Jacnoe dge
that the recall of Japanese Rear
But he confirmed Japanese reports sleet and rain. Buffalo, N.Y., digging Admiral Teizo Mitsunami, in charge
that the magnificent tomb of Sun out of a week old snow storm, count- of naval air operations on the Yang-
Yat-Sen, father of the Chinese Re- ed seven dead. Five deaths were of nas a getion n the Yang-
public, east of Nanking's walls, had attributed to slick roads and walks in tze. was a gesture in the right direc
I I tion. What the department is chiefly,
come through unscathed. - Pennsylvania. interested in, however, is securing
j_ _ _Metropolitan New York, enduring ideresteduinehowevr hs securn
a heavy sleet storm, was irked by adequate guarantees for the future.
o o lv or t h Heiress tardy trains and crawling btaftc, but
S!got early relief from an afer"oon " hi rar Sho-ws
Gives Up..S. Rights thaw. Heavy snow covered the up-
For anis Husandstate regions.
For Danish Husband Rain and rising temperatures less- Tapestry Colors
Iened the ice peril through the Middle
NEW YORK, Dec. 16.-(1)-Count-#West.

w Convicts.MADRID, Dec. 16.--(P)-A Span-
ish Government communique to-
night reported Government troops
Flee Alcatraz jhad captured important Insurgent
positions on the strategic Teruel
front, 135 miles east of Madrid and
Fate Of First Successful 70 miles northwest of Valencia.
Jail-Breakers Unknown Bitter winter weather failed to
halt the Government's offensive
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 26.-(1)-- against the city of Teruel, on the tip
Two desperate criminals were missing of a dagger-like salient the Insur-
tonight at the Alcatraz Island federal gents drove deep into eastern gov-
ernment territory many months ago
prison. and have held against repeated as-
Whether the convicts were hiding saults
on the rocky island covetheir lives Government dispatches left no
dense fogor tohawi through rough doubt that a major battle was rag-
waters to the mainland was not ing there as Government infantry
known. tand aviation sought to consolidate
krden James A. Johnston and and expand the gains of their two-
guards began a hurried search of the daThdrive.m i sd 20In
12-acre island when it was discqvered Te commuque said 00 nur-
that Ralph Roe, 29, Duncan, Okla., gent soldiers, including five officers,
and Theodore Cole, 23, Stroud, Okla., had been taken prisoners and that
were missing. many guns abandoned by the enemy
Six coast guard boats put out to had been seized.
search the bay waters and police were The Government air forces sprayed
asked to watch the mainland should an Insurgent military train rushing
the convicts accomplish the seemingly reinforcements . to the front with
impossible task of reaching shore machine-gun bullets.
more than a mile away.
An unusually strong ebb tide swept Woman May Seek To Be
the rocky slopes of the island and y
the ien would have drowned unless State's Next Governor
they obtained a boat or logs in some
manner.
The tide rushed past Alcatraz at LANSING, Dec. 16. -()-Mrs.
seven miles an hour. Ferry line pilots Woodbridge N. Ferris, widow of a
said they had not observed any ihrmer Democratic Governor of-
strange boats near the prison nor Michigan and U. S. Senator, quali-
had they sighted anyone swimming in' fied an announcement today that
the choppy waves. friends were urging her to seek the
The acting agent in charge of the Democratic gubernatorial nomina-
Federal Bureau of Investigation here tion in 1938 with the statement that
said he was informed that Roe and she herself is "not yet convinced of
Cole had escaped over a stockade the wisdom of such an endeavor."
while heavy fog hid them from the "I am not personally ambitious,"
constant watch of guards on high r Mrs. Ferris said tonight in a pre-
towers. pared statement. She said her only

Executive Committee
Reported Chosen

Is'

ST. LOUIS, Dec. 16.-(P)-The Re-
publican Executive Committee, called
together by National Chairman John;
D. M. Hamilton to choose a program
committee for the party, ended a 4-1
day session late today without an-
nouncing its selections.
None of the 21 members had any
comment. Seventeen of them planned
to leave tonight for their homes.
Hamilton, his staff and three mem-
hers of the executive committee will{
remain until tomorrrow and there
were indications announcement of
the personnel of the policy group
would be made before Hamilton's de-
parture.
Thechairman and the 150 mem-
bers, who will draft a new declara-
tion of party prirkiples, have been
chosen. By telephone and telegramsI
I +I- n mmi fn mprhnr #H michrmt

l
,
a
i

;te committee members throug ou
today sought their acceptances.
Bishop Mooney Sets Date Tactical reasons dictated with-
For Woznicki Ceremony holding announcement of their names
until they had agreed to -serve.-

DETROIT,

Dec. 16.-(T)--Arch-

BUILDING CLASS TO MEET

I
I
1

I bishop Edward Mooney announced

7
1
7
I

today that the consecration of the Rt. A special meeting of extension:
Rev. Msgr. Stephen S. Woznicki as course Building Two, will be held at
auxiliary bishop of Detroit will take 7:30 p.m. Monday, Dec. 20 in Room,
place Jan 25 in the Church of the 1231 Angell Hall. The topic for dis-

a.I-----
Blessed Sacrament here. cussion will be roofing in all its var-
Msgr. Woznicki chose the most Rev. ious forms with samples exhibited

Joseph C. Plagens, bishop of Mar- and costs quoted. As this is a special ess Barbara Haugwitz-Reventlow, The Weather Bureau repor
quette, and the most Rev. Joseph H. meeting, in addition to the regular who as plain "Babs" Hutton inherited warmer air moving toward the a
' Albers, bishop of Lansing, as co-con- number, all interested are invited to some twenty million dollars of the from the Gulf and the Pacific,
secrators with Archbishop Mooney. attend. great fortune founded by F. W. Wool- said it should "make quick work
worth, the 5-and-10-cent stores man, the glazing" that hampered tra
has renounced her American citizen- portation for days in some states.
Campus Groups Seek To Revive ship to become a subject of Denmark. An______________
Announcement of hei' action was
maelate today by the law firm ofAB I Litd
Old Fashioned Christmas Carols White and Case. Auto Ban Is Lifted
The Countess, who is 27, was mar- e
ried in May, 1935, in Reno to Danish
By HARRY TENENBAUM freshman glee clubs led by Professor Count Court Haugwitz-Reventlow.
Reviving the merry custom of car- Mattern marched along, singing as They have one child, a son, Lance, The University automobile regL
I oling, several campus organizations they went. The women's glee club did born in February, 1936. . tion will be lifted at noon today
last night marched about Ann Arbor their caroling as a separate group. Through her marriage, a statement the Christmas vacation, it was
singing, and in other ways, manifest- The hope that caroling may be- of the law firm said, the Countess be- nounced by the office of the D+
ing Christmas cheer. come the custom each year on the, came a Danish citizen under Danish of Students yesterday.
Dr. Edward W. Blakeman, counselor evening prior to departure on Christ- law, although under American law she T
in religious education, and Prof. David mas vacation was expressed by Dr. retained her American citizenship. The ban will go ito effect ag

ted
rea
and
of

Work Of French, Flemish
Artisans Represented

Students May Apply
For Vacation Books
Although all books charged out
from the University Library before

motive in making the race would be
"my conviction that I might be able
to apply, for the benefit of the people
of Michigan, some of the fine idealism
,and the sound common sense derived
from my association with my late
husband."

tns- An exhibition of color plates of
rare Gothic tapestries is now being
displayed in the show cases of the
General Library. Woven by French
and Flemish artisans of the 13th
and 14th century, the tapestries rep-
resented include some of the earliest
S , in existence with historical, biblical,
legendary, hunting and ecclesiastical
ula- scenes predominating.
for Although tapestry weaving has
an- been known to exist in prehistoric
ean times, it was not until the 13th and
14th centuries A.D. in France and
ain Flanders that tapestry began to figure
,,n prominently as a medium of artistic

Back to Top

© 2021 Regents of the University of Michigan