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December 07, 1937 - Image 1

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1937-12-07

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The Weather
Occasional snow today and
tomorrow; colder tomorrow.

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Editorials
Great Britain's
Attitude...

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VOL. XLVIII No. IA ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, DEC. 7, 1937
1 1

PRICE FIVE CENTS

NankingWalls
Under Siege
By Japanese
Invaders Take Eastern
Suburbs Of Chinese
Capital; City Ablaze
Sun Yat-Sen Shrine
Taken By Soldiers
SHANGHAI, Dec. 7.-(Tues-
day)-(P)-Great Britain today
protested to Japanese naval au-
thorities against the aerial bomb-
ing of two British merchant ships
and damage to a British gunboat
at Wuhu.
The British protested against
bombs that struckatheariver
steamers Tuk-Wo and Tatung
Sunday during a Japanese aerial
bombardment of Wuhu, 60 miles
southwest of Nanking.
SHANGHAI, Dec. 7.-(Tuesday)-
(A)-The vanguard of Japan's legions
today reached the massive walls of
Nanking and prepared to lay siege
to the capital from which the gov-
ernment of China fled two weeks ago.
Japanese correspondents with. the
troops reported Nanking's eastern
suburbs, including the mausoleum of
Sun Yat-Sen, father of the Chinese
republic, and the mansion of Gen-
eralissimo Chiang Kai-Shek, already
were in the invaders' hands.
The $3,000,000 tomb of Sun
Yat-Sen, one of the world's most im-
pressive monuments, set on the slope
of the famous purple mountain, has
been considered the shrine of modern
China.
Nanking In Flames
The district surrounding it, con-
taining many fine government build-
ings, held the outstanding material
achievements of the Nationalist gov-
ernment of China, the regime of
Nanking and Chiang Kai-Shek which
many Japanese leaders have said
must be destroyed. ,
Correspondents said fires were rag-
ing in Nanking, throwing up smoke
columns that could be seen miles
away.
A brief dispatch from within the
city said the great gates were being
closed and strengthened with sand-
bag barricades. The Chinese appar-
ently were preparing for a stand with-
in the city, with its 32-mile-long
walls, from 30 to 50 feet high, the
greatest in China.
Nothing was known of the where-
abouts of Generalissimo Chiang, who
had declared China's determination
to resist to the last.
City Bombarded
Japanese correspondents predicted
capture of Nanking by tonight. A
Japanese army spokesman in Shang-
hai said fighting in Nanking streets
was to be expected today.
The last stage of the Japanese surge
toward the capital apparently met
with almost no resistance. From Ku-
yung, 22 miles to the East, which fell
yesterday, the little brown warriors
of Nippon must have advanced almost
as fast as they could march. They
approached Nanking by way of Kao-
chiaomen, a village three miles to the
southeast.
A Japanese spokesman here said
Nanking had been bombed from the
air and fuel tanks set afire.
Koussevitzky
To Give Suite
To Play Prokofieff's New
Work For First Time Here

A new score 'of Prokofieff, the or-
chestra suite "Lieutenant Kije," will
be presented for the first time here
by Serge Koussevitzky when he brings4
the Boston Symphony Orchestra to
Ann Arbor for the fifth Choral Union
concert at 8:15 p.m. tomorrow in Hill
Auditorium.
Prokofieff wrote the music for the
Soviet film, "Lieutenant Kije," in
1933. The film, and consequently the
music, is light and satirical in char-
acter - the movements describing
"The Birth of Kije," "Romance,"
"Kije's Wedding," "Troika," and
"Burial of Kije." The lieutenant was
an imaginary figure, springing from
a misunderstood remark made by a
military aid to the Czar. The obse-
quious courtier, fearful of pointing
out to the Czar the mistake he hadI
made, invents an officer by that name.
Engineering Faculty
Delays Curricula Vote
Without voting on proposed

U. S. Boycott Against Japanese
Would Feed Hate, Speaker Says

Court Reveals
U.S.Contracts
Can Be Taxed

Dr. Brumbaugh Believes
Rising Cost Of Materials
Is Reason For Conflict
By ALBERT MAYIO
A United States boycott against
Japan would only increase its ani-
mosity against the United States and
would probably not be effective in
stopping the Far Eastern conflict, Dr.
Thoburn T. Brumbaugh, director of
the Methodist Wesleyan Foundation
in Japan, told an audience in the
League yesterday.
For one thing, the boycott would
fail, he said, because other nations
would most likely continueto sell to
and buy from Japan, which, al-
though weakened, would still be able
to fight. 'For another thing, even if
Japan were brought to her knees, the
fundamental problem would not be
solved but only temporarily deferrd
to become a more serious menace at'
another time, Dr. Brumbaugh said.(
That fundamental problem of a
poor but highly industrialized Japan,
only recently emerged from an isolat-
ed feudalism, is its lack of natural
resources to compete with nations of
the West.
Japan's side of the Far EasternI
story, in a nutshell, is:
We are a poor country in all
except labor. To compete withj
industrial nations of the West
we must pay heavily for our raw
materials. To compete success-
fully, we must produce goods for
export cheaper than our com-
petitors.
To compete successfully, then,
in view of the heavy cost of our
raw materials, we must produce
at the cost of lower wages and
a lower standard of living.
But now costs of materials
have risen higher. The cobdi-
tion of the masses is getting
worse. We must raise our stan-
dard of living. But to raise our
standard of living would mean
that we couldn't produce cheaply
enough to compete in the world
market. Therefore we will fight
for cheaper raw materials to raise
our standard of living and still
compete with the industrial na-
tions of the West.
-Dr. Brumbaugh named three main
forces in the internal set-up of Ja-
Pan, the wealthy industrialists, the!
militarists, and the lower middle-
class laboring-class alignment.
Eighty per cent of the wealth of
Japan is controlled by five per cent

of its families, Dr. Brumbaugh said,
and 90 per cent by 15 per cent of its
families. Though the family in the
Oriental sense is a large unit like a
clan, the figures above nevertheless
indicate the intense concentration of
wealth into the hands of a few.
These few are the industrialists
who, when Japan emerged from its
feudalistic isolation about 70 years
ago, grasped control of the govern-
ment from the hands of the feudal
barons, unfit by temperament and
philosophy to compete in the individ-
ualistic tradition of capitalism.
As a result of the concentrating
process the condition of the masses
has become worse and that of the
upper middle class, the industrialists,
increasingly more prosperous.
The militarists are the army, Dr.
Brumbaugh said. It is a fallacy to
say that the militarists are a small
(Continued on Page 2)

Committee Heads Named
To Sponsor And Supervise

Speaks Here Today

New Field Of Revenue
May Bring In Nearly
$50,000,000Annually
Congress Marks
Time Meanwhile
WASHINGTON, Dec. 6.-(P)--A
Supreme Court decision declaring that
in certain instances states may tax in-
come which contractors receive from
the Federal Government proved of in-
tense interest today to legislators
casting about for new sources of rev-
enue.
Whether it would open up even-
tually a broad new field of taxation
was a question much discussed thought
at first reading of the decision, irany
observers believed it was strictly lim-
ited in scope.
A House tax subcommittee consid-
ering the idea of Federal taxes onI
state employes' salaries (and vice!
versa) had awaited the decision for r
guidance. However, the decision
seemed to draw a clear distinction be-
tween taxes on contractors, and taxes
on "an agency of government."
The court's 5 to 4 ruling upheld im-
position of gross income taxes, by
Washington and West Virginia, on
companies that had contracted with
the federal government to build Grand'
Coulee dam in Washington and locks
and dams on the Kanawha and Ohio 1
Rivers in West Virginia.
Some authorities have estimated
the Federal and state governments
would pick up some $70,000,000 each
by application of income taxes to the
more than $50,000,000,000 of tax ex-
empt or partially exempt securities of
al types.

Good fellows Will Help This Child.. .

Affair Seeks To

Provide

DR. VICTOR G. HEISER
nonii~ ,rzA J t1h)n

Annual Goodfellow Drive

...If They Get Your Help

L.FWIUu~r -.z4UU.ItL " I Congress Votes Bonus
SpasTdyWASHINGTON, Dec. 6-P-o-
gress voted itself today some $222,000
for traveling expenses to and from the
n A dventu res special session-at 20 cents per mile
per member.
. House lRepublicanshdsmeaty
Dr. Victor Heiser, noted authority.Hue~pulcn had some nasty
lr V and author no"An athings to say about the action-in-
on f Ae-leprosy ndyssey,"wilAnsAer luding the imputation that it
can Doctor's dyssey will speak at amounted to an appropriation for
8:15 p.m. today in Hill Auditorium on Christmas trips home, which in fact,
"More of an American Doctor's Odys- would not actually be made. In the
sey," under the auspices of the Ora- Senate the measure passed without
torical Association. comment.
Born in Pennsvlania in 1873 .Dr. fOtherwise. the day was devoted to s

eOg raphers
Will Meet Here
Dec. 28,29,30
Annual Gathering To Hold
Banquet Meeting; Hall
Arranges Program

Dean Bates Speaks
To Professors On

Student

T raining

.DUI 11 111 i Gi111aJ' 1 V Zirllltl, lii 10 1 J } Ll .

Heiser attended school in his home
state and took his doctor's degree in
medicine from Jefferson Medical
College in Philadelphia in 1897. TheI
following year he entered the U.S.
S A or Fa E stMarine Hospital Service and was onj
special detail for the next two years,
reporting on European emigration to
Declares Collective Action the U.S., studying the plague in
Might Stifle War Egypt and working in Canada on the
_ _emigration problem. From 1903 to
The most desirable course in rela- 1915 he was chief quarantine officer
tion to the Far Eastern situation for the Philippine Islands, and for a!
that the United States can take is decade was also the Island's Director
collective action through any possible of Health.
means, Prof. Charles Remer. of the From 1915 until his retirement inI
economics department, told the sec- 1934, Dr. Heiser was Director of theI
ond Union Forum Sunday. International Health Division of the
He pointed out that this action can' Rockefeller Foundation. Over this
still be taken by a committee re-' period, he inaugurated a number of
maining from the Nine-Power Brus- movements to save and prolong hu-1
sels parley, and urged that it be man life, gaining international fame.
done because failure of collective ac- He was connected with the work of
tion might lead to another world war. stamping out smallpox, plague,
Leading a discussion of American cholera, the building of the Philip-
policy in the Far East with the group other Island institutions.a
attending the forum, Professor Remer }otersladistiutins
gave 13 propositions for the purpose
of clarifying thought on American Stanton Talks
policy in the Far East.
They are: I
1. It is desirable that war be abol- an Islaic Art
ished.
2. It is desirable that the United Terms Crusades A Bridge
States be at peace.e
3. So long as wars are carried on, Between East And West
the United States may have to par-
ticipate. Using the Crusades as a bridge
4. The abolition of war will not be connecting Eastern and Western cul-
brought about by policy based upon tures, Prof. John W. Stanton, of the
the principle Hof isolation. This history department, yesterday in the
means that non-participation of the Islamic Art lecture in Alumni Me-
United States in war cannot be as- morial Hall showed the tremendous
sured by neutrality legislation. influence exerted on modern day life
5. Te abliton o wa wil beby both Near and Far Eastern civili-
5. The abolition of war will be zations.
brought about by a policy based upon Terming the inception of religious
the principle of collective action to freedom as one of the main results of
Ienforce peace. the Crusades, Prof. Stanton briefly
6. The United States chose openly reviewed the beginning, of religious
not to enter the League of ,Nations1 sects in the 13th century in Armenia
(Continued on Page 6) and Bulgaria. The Crusaders, he
said, were gradually assimilated after
-* * .~ they had conquered the land, and
Martili iscusses I brought the teachings of the various
sects back to Europe.
Fascism Before YCLIThe western armies, he asserted,

wrangling over the Farm Bill, a House The 34th annual meeting of the As-
subcommittee decision to make two sociation of American Geographers
simplifications in the much-criticized will be held in Ann Arbor Dec. 28, 29
1 capital gains and losses tax, and the and 30 at the Union, it was an-
approval by the House Labor Com- nounced yesterday.
mittee of a revised Wage and Hour The Association is a national or-
Bill eliminating the proposed Admin- ganization of geographers, with mem-
istrative Board. Ibership acquired through election by
the group. Its membership of 150 in-
{ieludes not only professors, but pro-
Ilegent S Luy fessional 'geographers as well.
. Members of the Michigan faculty
Group Annuity Fwho are in the group are President
Ruthven, Prof.-Emeritus William H.
Hobbs, of the geology department,
For Employes ;and Prof.Kenneth C. McMurray, Prof.
SRobert B. Hall, Prof. Stanley D.
Personnel Blanks Mailed Dodge, Prof. Henry M. Kendall and
Po.Preston E. James, all of the
To Staff Members To Aid geography department.
PlanFor ew nsurnce The committee on arrangements is
Plan For New Insurance headed by Professor Hall,who will be
. assisted by Professor Kendall and by
Possible extension of annuities and asse yPoesrKnaladb
P sibl exenson f anuiiesandProf. Charles M. Davis, of the geog-
group insurance to cover all Univer-roph aren.Dasomeeg-
sity employes was disclosed yesterdayI raphy department. All meetings ex-
following the distribution of person- cept the Tuesday evening symposium
nel blanks to all persons on the Uni- Iand the banquet are open to anyone
versity payroll. interested.H
The information asked for on the Professor Hobbs will deliver a paper
blanks will be used by University on "The Antarctic Continent." Pro-
officials to determine what plans will fessor Kendall will discuss "The Sur-
be used. Iface Configuration of Belgium" and
Staff members, including Building [Professor James will present a paper
and Grounds employes and Univer- on "The Sao Paulo State, Brazil."
sity Hospital workers, were told that Professor Dodge will present "Some,
"It is important that every question Problems in Population" and Profes-
which concerns the individual receiv- sor Davis will talk on the "Cities and
ing the blank be answered as the Towns in Michigan."
study must be complete to be of any
value." T 1 1*
Faculty members already contrib- ILink Deser es
uting to an annuity jointly with the'
University were asked to fill out the ni Aeids
confidential blank as "it is the desire o tXm e hJIIoe a d R
of the committees of the Board of Re-
gents to make a study of several types Tells Of Their Importance
of insurance and annuities not now
in effect."n Cet es
in efect."In Scientific Fields
Loyalits*e R us Research that he has been carry-j
LF~yalsts Refuse2 ing on in the hexuronic acids was
described in a University lecture yes-
Franco Ultimatum Iterdav by Dr.Karl Paul Link. of the

I I
Dean Henry M. Bates, of the Law
School, addressing a dinner meeting
of the local chapter of the American
Association of University Professors
last night at the Union, said that
students should be turned out bet-
ter prepared to live productively and
happily.
Prof. Roy D. Sellars, of the phil-
osophy department, talking on the
philosophical approach to education-
al objectives, declared that the edu-
cational system should be the birth-
place of a free intelligence, irony,
skepticism and other attitudes very
essential to the further reaches of
true education and mental maturity.
President Ruthven spoke to the
meeting "off the record" and Prof.
John L. Brumm, chairman of the
journalism department, acted as mas-
ter of ceremonies.
Model Senate
Group Meets
To Discuss Two Proposals
For Representation
Responsible heads of campus or-
ganizations were urged yesterday by
Martin B. Dworkis, '40, chairman of
the Student Model Senate Executive
Committee, to attend the organiza-
tional committee meeting at 4 p.m.
today in the League.
Tonight's meeting will decide
the type of representation the Sen-
ate will use.
Under one plan students from the
various states would apply to a cre-
dentials committee for permission to
represent their home state in the
Senate. The credentials committee
would appoint two students from
each state to the body.

Cheer For The Poorer
Children On Christmas
Special Edition
Of Daily Will Help
The third annual Goodfellow drive
to make Christmas "and after" hap-
pier for Ann Arbor's underprivileged
families got off to an active start
last night when an executive commit-
tee of 18 campus leaders was formed
to endorse and support the campaign.
First step in the traditional under-
taking was the announcement of a
meeting of the committee at 7:30 p.m.
Thursday in the Union when Mrs.
Gordon W. Brevoort, executive secre-
tary of the Family Welfare Bureau,
will make an address preliminary' to
a concerted drive for funds which will
be climaxed by the publication of the
Goodfellow edition of the Daily on
Monday, Dec. 13.
Ten-Hour Street Sale
On that day a ten-hour street sale
of the special edition of the Daily will
be conducted by members of campus
honor societies and other campus-
wide groups.
The active leadership of the com-
mittee will be in the hands .of Rob-
ert Weeks, '38, Goodfellow Editor;
Hugh Rader, president of Mens
Council; Frederick V. Geib, '38, secre-
tary of the Union; and Bruce Telfer,
chairman of the Men's Dormitory
Committee.
A coupon for contributors to use
will appear on the front page of the
Daily every day until Sunday, Dec. 12.
Approximately 200 letters will be
mailed out to members of the faculty,
fraternity and sorority presidents and
dormitories, making a special plea for
organized contributions of funds.
On the Goodfellow Committee will
be the presidents of the League and.
the Union, Hope Hartwig, '38 and
John Thom, '38. Hugh Rader, '38,
president of the Men's Council, Helen
Jesperson, '38, head of Assembly,
women's independent organization,
and Phil Westbrook, '40, secretary of
Congress, men's independent organi-
zation, will also be members of the
Goodfellow Committee.
Honor Societies To Aid
Fraternity and sorority groups will
be represented on the body by Harriet
Shackleton, '38, president of Pan-
hellenic Association, and Roy E. Fra-
zier, '38, secretary-treasurer of the
Interfraternity Council.
Honor societies will have the fol-
lowing leaders as representatives on
the committee: Earl Luby, '38, pres-
dent of Michigamua; Angelene Malis-
zewski, '38, of Senior Society; Harriet
Pomeroy, '39, of Wyvern; Wally Hook,
'39, of Sphinx.
Mortarboard, national honor so-
ciety for senior women, will be repre-
sented by Elizabeth Gatward, '38;
Druids, by.Robert E. Cooper, '38.
John Parker, '39E, will represent Tri-
angles; Tuure Tenander, '38, will be
on the committee as a representative
of Sigma Delta Chi; Frederick W.
Smith, '38E, of Tau Beta Pi, Elizabeth
Strickroot, '38, of Theta Sigma Phi,
and Carl H. Clement, '38E, of Vulcans
will also serve.
Students Discuss
Cooperative Houses
The value of cooperative houses in
offering a pleasant place to work and
to practice self-government and in-
dependence was stressed in a discus-
sion led by Rena Rubenstein, '38, at a
cooperative education meeting Sun-
day at the Michigan Socialist House.
The function of the consumers' co-
operative in alleviating want ends

The interest of Italy, Germany and
Japan in the recently signed pact
against Communism is to cover up

i'eturned with many other Eastern
ideas, some of which have vitally af-
fected the growth of western culture.
Among these were new agricultural
crops, new industrial aids and mili-

HENDAYE, Franco-Spanish Fron-
tier, Dec. 6. -(R) -Generalissimo
Francisco Franco's ultimatum which
Insurgent sources said demanded un-
conditional surrender of the Govern-
ment under threat of a new offensive
expired today without any apparent
change in the Civil War situation.
As far as could be learned at the

University of Wisconsin.
Dr. Link outlined new methods he
has used in analyzing the hexuronic
acids, which are complex materials
derived from sugar substances, and
told of their importance in various
widely different scientific fields.
The acids, he said, are important in
normal body processes because they
are formed from sugar in the blood

The other plan would eliminate the with making a limited income go
scheme of having the members of the farther than it would if spent in an
Senate represent the various states ordinary store, Tom Downe, '38,
and instead would have them direct- 'stated in evaluating cooperatives
fly elected from the campus at large from the economic standpoint. It can
by some means of proportional rep- do nothing, he added, to help the
resentation. jobless who have no income.'
To The Goodfellow Editor:
I wish to lend a helping hand to students,
children and families for whom there would be no,,
Christmas otherwise: Enclosed find my contribu-
tion of$
'ml . ".-' '-- ,' ,' -I

A,

iI

1 77 I - -- - - - -1 1 f "-1 1 .-9 a r 71

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