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November 22, 1937 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1937-11-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

The Weather
Generally fair, slightly warmer
today; tomorrow cloudy and
unsettled, possibly rain.

A6F 4hp
Awf. Itr4t an

iIaitt;

Y

Editorials
The Yardstick
Trial Continues .. .

l

VOL. XLVIII. No. 50

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, ,TUESDAY, NOV. 23, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Students Plai
Model Senat4
To Sound Ou
Local Opinioi
Four . Department Head
Other Faculty Member
Back Campus Movemen
Group Is Modeled
On Federal Senat
A student-initiated move to co
solidate undergraduate opinion
national, international and camp
affairs through the formation of
Student Model Senate was hearti
endorsed by four department hea
and other faculty members, Mart
B. Dworkis, '40, chairman of ti
executive committee in charge of a
rangements, announced yesterday.
As currently planned, the propos
will establish a group modeled aft
the Federal Senate, comprising t
students from each state, elected fro
the entire student body by petitio
At the outset, the organization w
be a quasi-political body whose on
outside activity would be the encou
agement of and assistance at t
Spring Parley, Dworkis explained.
"There is a definite need on cam
pus for a body to represent stude
opinion democratically. This pr
posal contacting as it does, studen
from every section of the countr
can act as an indicator of nation
trends. The group also may ser
as a sounding board of local affair
though it will not be committed
any action," he said.
An executive council, formed of ti
heads or representatives of camp
organizations and extra-curricul
activities will meet today to form
definite petitioning scheme; to d
cide on the time and place of t
Senate's first meeting and to draw u
a temporary credentials committee.
The temporary committee whic
drew up a charter and made arrang
ments. for the initial meeting co
sisted of: Doris Daitz, '38, Dworki
Lawrence Gubow, '40, William Je
ell, '38, Virginia Krieghoff, '38, Hana
H. Landau, '39, and Angelene Mali
zewski, '38.
Faculty comment follows:
Prof. Roderick Mackenzie of t
sociology department:
"I wish to add my word of com
mendation of the projected Stude
Model Senate. Any effort on the pa
of young people at this time to ga
a clearer understanding of some
the great issues that affect the nato
is, to say the least, reassuring."
Prof. J. R. Ifayden, of the politic
science department:
"The Student Model Senate co
tains great possibilities for the d
velopment of political consciousne
among Michigan undergraduate
The fact that it is being organize
spontaneously by students indicat
that there is a genuine demand f
such an instrumentality for the d
velopment and expression of opil
ions upon national affairs.
Should Become Important
"The Senate should become an im
portant agency for the clarificatio
of student ideas upon the many im
portant national issues that are b
fore the country today, and shou
increase among the members of th
campus community a consciousne
of their responsibilities as citizens.
is to be hoped that the organizati
will attain the success which th
merit of the idea behind it shou
make possible."
Prof. Charles F. Remer of the ec
nomics department:
"The department of economics is

wholehearted sympathy with the pr
posal to establish a Student Mod
Senate of the United States and-wi
be glad to see the plan tried on th
campus. Proposals of this sort whic
arise from the student body deserN
such initial support as will assu
them a fair trial."
Junior Engineers
Will Meet Tonigh
The junior class of the engineer
ing college will have an assemblyi
Room 348 in the West Engineerin
Building at 8 p.m. today.

Business Aid Expected To Give StrikersLeave
Boost To Construction Work
e Factory After

I

Prof. lRatcliff
To Favor

Praises Plan
Large - Scale

Contracting Concerns
1i By JOSEPH N. FREEDMAN
President Roosevelt's forthcoming
announcement which proposes en-
s, listing business to aid t. finance
rs building construction, through an ex-
tension of present facilities, will
It probably give impetus to expanded
construction activity, Prof. Richard
EU. Ratcliff of the business adminis-
tration school, and formerly housing
e economist for the Federal Housing
Administration, declared yesterday.
The mst important provision of
n the building program, according to
on Professor Ratcliff, is the move to en-
us courage formation of large-scale con-
a struction corporations financially
ly strong enough to carry on mass build-
ds ing projects and responsible enough
in to enter into "annual wage" agree-
he ments with their workers.
r- Others which "peck" at solutions
to the problem of depressed construc-
al tion are the moves which Professor
er Ratcliff termed extensions of cur-
No rent facilities. They are:
m
n. 1. Reduction of capital require-
ill ments for federal mortgage associa-
ly tions from $2,000,000 to about $500,-
r- 000 and an amendment to the present
he act allowing these associations to is-
sue their own securities not to ex-
ceed 20 times their capitalization in-
- stead of the present 16.
n- 2. Revamping the Housing Act to
ts give FHA power to insure larger
'y, mortgages and reduction of the basic
al interest rate and service charge on
ve FHA's mortgage insurance. Also an
s, extension of total coverage of mort-
to A --
he Housing Expert
a Cites Problems
e-
he In Land Usage
h New Land Economy Need
n- Of U.S., Prof. Aronovici
Tells Architect Students
in Speaking yesterday before 150 ar-
s chitectural students, Prof.rCarol Ar-
onovici, noted housing expert and
lecturer on urbanism at Columbia
he University, stressed the point that
though much progress has been made
- in city planning and housing since
nt 1900 much has yet to be learned to
rt make such projects truly adequate
in and useful.
Of Among the many problems that
on must be coped with in city planning
and housing, Professor Aronovici said,
al is the development of a new economy
of land usage. The idea that New
n- York City, for example, is terribly
e congested and overpopulated is ridic-
s ulous in the face of statistics which
ls show only about 57 people to an acre,
d he declared.
es The mistaken notion that city plan-
or ning and housing is the province only
n- of the architect and engineer should
n be dismissed from our minds before
such programs can be realized, he
Isaid.
n- "City planning" Professor Arono-
n vici stated, "must be in complete har-
- mony with the cultural, social, polit-
e- ical and economic life of the people
ld affected."
e
a Preuss To Open
ie
l Union Forums
Id
Topic Of First Discussion
o On Sunday Is Germany
el
ill Prof. Laurence Preuss of the po-
ie litical science department will start
h this year's Union forums at 4:15 p.m.
e . Sunday in the small ballroom of the
Union, speaking on "Germany and

gages to 90 per cent instead of 80 perI
cent on total valuation of propertyi
for low cost houses.
"The fundamental problem is two-
fold," Professor Ratcliff asserted.
"First, the current lag in building
industry is a result of rising build-
ing costs which seem to be out of
proportion to the major price read-
justments we are experiencing now.
Second, there is a vicious circle in
current building activity which re-
sults from lack of confidence in in-
dustry, in turn, causing a lag in
business, which finally destroys con-
fidence.
"We can solve the first problem in,
two ways and only partly by the pro-
posed scheme," he suggested. "The
government could assume the re-
sponsibility to lower present building
costs directly, a conceivable, though'
not practical step, or else, we must
wait for the passage of time to level
building costs and make them appear
more nearly in line with other costs."
Much of the depressed construc-
(Continued on Page 6)}
Crop Control
Le.islation I S
Expected Soon,
Senators' Anti - Lynching
Filibuster Halts To Allow
Action On Farm Bill
WASHINGTON, Nov. 22.-()P)-
The Senate's blustery and ternporar-
ily successful filibuster against anti-
lynching legislation halted tonight to:
permit action on the top item of the
President's special session program
-crop control.

Martin's Plea
Pontiac Strikers Evacuate
As Mediator Is Named
To Arbitrate Dispute
Threat Of Expulsion
Sways Rebel Group
PONTIAC, Nov. 22.-(P)-Homer
Martin, international president of
the United Automobile Workers of
America, led 200 sit-down strikers out
of the General Motors Fisher Body
plant today as a dramatic demonstra-
tion of the union's determination to
curb unauthorized strikes.

Vandenberg
Hits Attitude
Of President
Senator Puts Challenge To
Present Administration
Into 10-Point Program

Chinese Surrender
Urged By Jap Note;

Parley

Nears

End

-N

Asserts

Business

Must Have Freedom
WASHINGTON, Nov. 22.-(:)-
Sen. Arthur J. Vandenberg (Rep.,C
Mich.) chalenged the Roosevelt ad-
ministration tonight with a 10-
point "opposition" program designed
to *give honest business a chance to
create stable prosperity."
The Senator, who has been men-

Democratic

Leader Barkley ar-

i ,,

ranged to bring up the farm bill for{
debate tomorrow, and predicts it
would be passed within a week. ;
On the House side of the Capitol,
however, farm legislation still lagged.
Chairman Jones (Dem., Tex.) of the
agriculture committee there report-
ed his group was taking its time but
hoped to get a bill ready for action
this week, if not in the next day or
two.
Nevertheless, there were strong in-
dications the House would get downj
to action on administration matters
tomorrow. It was whispered about
the legislative halls that the Demo-
cratic leadership was planning a
coup on the bill to regulate minimum
wages and maximum working hours.
That measure is caught in a rules
committee trap sprung by a com-
bination of Republicans and South-
ern Democrats. If 218 House mem-
bers signs a pending petition, the
committee will be forced to release
the measure, and permit action on
the floor.
So, it was reported, Democratic
Leader Rayburn of Texas intended
to marchato the rostrumtomorrow,
sign the petition and then make a
speech.
However, t h e Administration's
Wage and Hour Bill suffered a major
blow tonight when William Green
declared the American Federation of
Labor could not longer endorse the
measure in its present form.
Responding to a Congressional re-
quest for a statement, the A.F.L.
Spresidentsaid it was not safe to en-
trust a government board with de-
terminations which would be neces-
sary in administering the legislation.
The Southern filibuster against1
the anti-lynching legislation was con-
tinued today
Lovell Named
To ATEE Post

i ,,
{
l
j

The international board of the tiuone as a 1940 Republican presi-
union in a. statement, had said its dential prospect, presented his pro-
position was "jeopardized" by the gram in a nation-wide radio address
"unsanctioned strike." in the Washington Star Radio For-
Strikers Defy Officers um.
The strikers had held the plant At the beginning of his speech,
since Wednesday evening, defying Vandenberg said he was ready to "go
internationa y officers of the union, for\vard with any 'party'-old, new,
ithe executive board which was called or fused-which promises liberalism
into emergency session Sunday, and with saism" ocial-mindedness with-
even their own strike committee. out socialism" and a restoration of
"equitable economic fundamentals."
Today, however, an intermediary "Business must not be permitted to
sent word to Martin that the men run the government." he said, "but
wished to hear from him. An hour unless it is permitted reasonable lati-
and a half after Martin entered theu
plant, the men emerged and the tude to run itself-free from an am-
company was notified that the strike bitious collectivism which creates
was over. more problems than it solves-pros-
perity will die on the vine."
H. J. Klinger, president of the Pon- He outlined his 10-points as fol-
tiac Motor Car Co. said that not until lows:
"the latter part of the week" could' 1. An end to governmental "hymns
all of the 14,721 men thrown into of hate" and bitter attacks on busi-
idleness by the strike be returned to ness which have created a "jittery
work. The Fisher plant produces state of mind" among business men.
Pontiac automobile bodies and the 2. Progress as rapidly as possible
strike necessitated the closing of toward a balanced budget.
both plants. 3. Amendment, or repeal, of the
'All Good Union Men' surplus and capital gains taxes, and
Willard E. Hotchkiss, retired presi- substitution of "incentive taxation"
dent of .the Armour Institute, of for "punitive taxation."
Chicago, will attempt to arbitrate 4. Amendment of the Social Se-
some of the issues which led to the curity Act to eliminate the "needless
strike. In Detroit, Hotchkiss, who drain upon the resources of com-
has acted as mediator in several rail- merce and labor."
road strikes, said he had been accept- 5. Revision of the Wagner Labor
ed by both the union and General Law to make for greater certainty in:
Motors as an arbitrator. "long-range industrial planning."
Although Martin had been in- 6. Abandonment of the wage-hour
formed that the strikers were so bill and substitution of legislation to
angered by his refusal to sanction protect states from the importation
the strike that they might inflict of goods produced by substandard1
personal violence on him, he said he labor.
found them "all good union men." 7. Repeal of many of the Presi-
dent's emergency powers in order to
free business from "executive despot-
Fsm which is at warswith every tenet
FrancoaRegime of the American system."
8. Reasonable and practical farm
S e e n G ain ig relief, without bureaucratic controls,
~Y ~ UN m~ processing taxes, financing of ex-
Inportable surpluses, and return of the
In Recognition domestic market to the producer.
9. Foreign policies that will keep
America out of war through pursu-
HENDAYE, Franco-Spanish Fron ing "an insulating neutrality" rather
tier, Nov. 22.- P-Generalissimo than sanctions.
Francisco Franco today announced 10. "Frank abandonment of all
progress toward better relations of anti-constitutional activities and in-
his Insurgent regime with world trigues which shatter democratic
faith."
powers while his armies marked time
awaiting the signal for their long-
promised general offensive. M arket Leaders
The diplomatic cabinet at Sala-
manca said the Spanish Charge En
D'Affaires at Tokyo had reached "an
absolute accord" whereby Emperor
Hirohito soon would sign an act
recognizing the Insurgent govern- Many Hit New Low For1
ment on the basis of treaties exist- 2-Year Period With Losses
ing between Japan and Spain before -_P iit ss
the Civil War began.
NEW YORK, Nov. 22.--R)-Stock
(Previous dispatches predicted Ja- market leaders went into a nosedive
pan's recognition would be an- in today's market, many landing in
nounced Nov. 25se-German anti - communist new low territory for the past two
Jmyears or longer with losses running
Another Salamanca statement said to s points generally. A few were
commerce between Britain and In- Another sharp decline in steel mill
surgent Spain was increasing daily operations exemplified sagging busi-
as a result of the recent agreement ness trends and touched up the fresh
to exchange commercial agents. relapse in the list. Production for
Numerous British ships, the state- the current week was placed at 31
ment said, have been calling at Bil- per cent of capacity, off 5.4 points,
bao and other recently captured Bay the lowest level since Dec. 3, 1934.
of Biscay ports and taking on car- It was the tenth consecutive week's

New Guessing Gam' Out
With Today's Gargoyle
What is a "gam?"
The Gargoyle says it is a leg, and
produces several feminine examples
to prove its point in today's issue.'
"Gargoyle has turned into an educa-
tional journal," editor George Quick,
'38, said yesterday, pointing out that
so few individuals on campus know
the meaning of many all-important
colloquial English words, that the
Gargoyle is going to undertake to
clarify. them-as far as the staff is
able.
An epic. battle: Stan Swinton vs.
Jane Nussbaum, no verbal holds
barred, on which is the greater li-
ability to Michigan, co-eds or men,
proves something or other, possibly,
in the Gargoyle. "From Dawn to
Bed with a Michigan Co-ed" is the
somewhat captivating title of an
article which gives the low-down on
the "majors in co-education."
Freshmen Pick
Class Officers
In Vote Today
Callander And Carr Run
For Literary President,
Architects Also Vote
Following a heated campaign in
which one new party was formed and
many organization meetings of all
parties were held, freshmen in the
literary college and the architecture
school will choose class officers today.
Two slates are being presented in
both schools. In the literary college,
Glenn Callander and Don Carr are
running for president. Callander, a
member of Psi Upsilon, is the candi-
date of the United Independent and'
State Street party, the new party in
the campaign, and Carr, a Lambda
Chi Alpha, is running on the Wash-
tenaw party ticket.
Candidates for vice-president are
Anita Carvalho an independent on
the Washtenaw ticket, and Elinor Se-
vison, an independent running on the
new party's ticket.
Betty Mandel of Kappa Kappa
Gamma and Sue Flanningan, DeltaI
Delta Delta, are the candidates for
secretary on the State and Washte-
naw parties' tickets, respectively.
Those running for treasurer are Irv-
ing Gerson of Pi Lambda Chi on the
Washtenaw ticket, and Jack Laro, an
independent on the State St.'slate.
Balloting will be from 3:30 p.m.
'until 5:30 p.m. in Room 35, Angell
Hall. Identification cards are re-
quired forvoting.
Candidates for the presidency of;
the first year class of the architec-
ture school are Andrew Hinshaw and
Bob Hague. Those running for vice-
president are Herbert Bentley and
Frances Haskins; secretarial candi-
dates are James Neilson and Ann
Wills; and those seeking the treas-
urer's position are Don Metz and
Wilson Arthur.

Adjournment At Brussels
Checked By Refusal Of
Chinese Envoy To Vote
Nanking Def ense
ReportedFaltering
Three major developments in the
Sino-Japanese war took place yester-
day, according to Associated Press re-
ports.
1. Refusal of the Chinese delegate
to vote, temporarily prevented ad-
journment of the Brussels conference
without any action having been taken.
2. Chinese lines between Shanghai
and Nanking were reported by Jap-
anese to be crumbling before the on-
slaught of the Nipponese army.
3. Japanese planes flying over
Nanking dropped notes urging sur-
render by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-
Shek.
Brussels
BRUSSELS, Nov. 22--(M)--China's
dramatic appeal for eleventh-hour
aid again Japan today failed to swerve
the Brussels conference from all but
final approval of a report admitting
failure of its efforts to end the Far
Eastern war.
Only refusal of the Chinese dele-
gate to vote before consulting his gov-
enment prevented the conference
from approving the document drafted
by the United States and Britain and
then adjourning for an "indefinite
recess."
Final action was deferred until
Wednesday, when it was thought the
Chinese delegate, Dr. V. K. Welling-
ton Koo, would have heard from Nan-
king
Dr. Koo appealed to the conference
at today's session to reconsider its
admission of failure, declaring an
"abortive ending of this conference
will unwittingly augment the already
prevailing sense of general insecur-
ity.
Koo told the conference that adop-
tion of the report of the conference's
failure might "indirectly place small
or weak states more at the mercy of
the strong and aggressive and make
all peace loving nations feel more in-
secure than ever."
Shanghai
SHANGHAI, Nov. 22 -(P)-The
Japanese army tonight reported an-
other of the Chinese defense systems
shielding Nanking was crumbling.
Chinese troops, heavily punished
by Japanese airplanes, were said to be
in flight from Wusih, keypoint of the
north-south line between the Yangtze
River and Lake Tai approximately
half way between Shanghai and the
capital of China.
Although Wusih is 95 airline miles
southeast of Nahking, Japanese of-
ficers expressed belief their forces
could reach the capital's gates this
week in spite of heavy rains and quag-
mire roads.
So rapid was the Japanese advance
over the muddy flats north of Lake
Tai that airplanes were used to carry
rations and munitions to infantry
columns that had outrun their trans-
port.
Japanese officers said their air-
forces had made a spectacular flight
over Nanking to drop '"a personal
message" for Generalissimo Chiang
Kai-Shek in which Japan's army and
navy jointly urged him to end hos-
tilities and surrender himself to the
Japanese.
The flight was the first the Jap-
anese have made over Nanking since
the Chinese government announced
last week its withdrawal to interior
cities.
United States Ambassador Nelson
T. Johnson prepared to leave Nanking
to follow the Chinese government in
its withdrawal into the interior. He
was expected to sail Tuesday for
Hankow aboard the gunboat Luzon.
Progressive Club

Will Meet Today
The Progressive Club will hold a
general membership meeting at 8
p.m. today in Room 231, Angell Hall,
to review its work and to make plans
for the organization.
George Mutnick, '39, chairman of
the civil liberties and academic free-
dom committee, will discuss the past
and future work of the organization.
The Peace Committee will report
,.. _ 4-- X - a

Engineering elections will be
tomorrow afternoon.
Barbers Plan

held

the National State," it was an- Engineering Dean Elected
nounced yesterday by James Hollin-; National Vice-President
shed, '39, of the Union Executive
Council.

i
The second forum will be Dec. 5.
At that time, Prof. Charles F. Rem-
r- er of the economics department will
in discuss the Chinese-Japanese con-
g flict. On Dec. 12 at the third forum
I Prof Arthur Aiton of the history de-

The assembly is primarily for the partment will speak on the Spanish
purpose of discussing the business situation.
relations of the class and to enable At these forums, a half an hour
the juniors to meet their new officers, talktwlheer , a half
it ws sad.Iank will be given, followed by a half
it was said. an hour of discussion on the topic.
In addition, Prof. A. D. Moore of During the discussion period, coffee
the engineering college, will speak onI will be served.
"What Employers Look For." wil b Tee.
'ha ,nin f -rimc xvil ha -nn

Dean Alfred H. Lovell of the en-
gineering college was nominated as
vice-president of the American Insti-
tute of Electrical Engineers by the
Great Lakes District, a move tanta-
mount to his election, the Executive
Committee announced yesterday.
The office, provided with a two year,
tenure, becomes effective Aug. 1, 1938
and is unopposed in the election. Pro-
fessor Lovell has already served as a
director of the ATEE from 1932 to
1936 and also on several national
committees.
His nomination was decided on byI
the Exvntive Council meetino-in Chi-

goes of minerals. decline from the 80 per cent mark
(In London an Insurgent spokes- reached last September. In somej
man said the Franco government quarters it was suggested output may
had been formally recognized by be nearing the bottom.
Italy, Germany, the Vatican, Nicara- U. S. steel broke 50 for the first
gua and Guatemala; that Portugal time in a year or so and ended with
and Japan already maintained rela- a net loss of 4 3-8 at 48 7-8. Bethle-
tions which the Insurgents inter- I hem was down 3 3-4 at 44.
preted as recognition; that the posi- Trading was quiet until the final
tions of Austria, Hungary and few minutes when a burst of selling
Yugoslavia were uncertain. hit virtually all groups and put the
ticker tape behind. Previously there
had been a mild attempt at a rally
Industrial Relations when declines were cut in half in
Bureau Holds 3rd Meet some instances.

No Price Raise
Local Association Pledged
To Keep Present Rates
Contrary to rumors beings circu-
lated throughout Ann Arbor, local
barbers have no intention of increas-
ing prices in the near future, Orville
A. Moe, president of the Ann Arbor
local of the State Barbers' Associa-
tion, declared yesterday.
Detroit barbers, under pressure
from a racketeering group, according
to Moe, are being forced to increase
prices from the standard rates of 50
cents for haircuts and 25 cents for
shaves to 65 cents for haircuts and 35
cents for shaves. Fear that Ann
Arbor barbers would follow the De-
troit trend has been responsible for
tp a-,tvt r i na Kaa wnA er

f. 1ne uion forjULums ~wilt rye con-

The Bureau of Industrial Relations
1t its third eonferene on saarv do-

Pianist Will Offer RecitalI

I

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