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November 12, 1937 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1937-11-12

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The Weather
Increasing cloudiness and
warmer, rain in southeast to-
day; colder in west.

L r

Lw 43ZU

jIat

Editorials
The Republicans
Look Towar4 1940...
Ramsay MacDonald
Passes On ..

VOL. XLVIII. No. 41 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, NOV. 12, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Last Chinese,
Flee Shanghai
As Jap Soldiers
SeizeNantao
Withdrawal Due To Lack
Of Water And Food, Says
Official Communique
Nanziang Pressed I
By Nipponese Men
SHANGHAI, Nov. 12 (Friday)-(P)
-The three-months battle for Shang-
hai ended early today when the last
Chinese retreated from Nantao, last
section of the metropolis remaining
in Chinese hands.
The Japanese army completed the
withdrawal-"partly due to exhaus-!
tion of water and food supplies"-con-
firmed an announcement from Japan-
ese headquarters that the Shanghai
area had "been pacified and cleared
of all Chinese troops"
Does Not Mean Defeat
The Chinese admission of the fall
of Nantao-the walled native city just
south of the International areas-said
this "does not mean defeat, but is
merely the beginning of a prolonged
campaign of resistance."
A statement from headquarters ofl
General Iwane Matsui, Japanese army
commander at Shanghai, said the
victory would be followed up vig-
orously. A Japanese spokesman said
the Chinese retirement from the
Shanghai area toward the Taihu lakes
to the west was becoming a rout under<
severe bombardment of JapaneseI
planes.
Japanese troops were pressing hardt
against Nanziang, 10 miles west of
here and other points along what the
Chinese call their "winter" line of
defense.
Earlier General Matsui said that
whether the Japanese continued their
drive until Nanking, the Chinese cap-
ital 175 miles northwest of here, was
taken depended on whetlqer Chinese
resistance to Japan's purposes in
CN, continued.-
Resisted 48 Hours
The Chinese communique said the
retirement from Nantao was carried
out after a small force had fought a
rearguard action against the Japanese
for 48 hours. Throughout Thursday
the Japanese army, navy and airforce 3
blasted away at this Chinese detach-
ment with all the power they could
muster, and Chinese lines finally1
oroke
China Claims
It Is Willing
To Talk Peace1
Tells Brussels Conference
It Is Amenable Even If
Japanese Group Balks
BULLETIN
TOKYO, Nov. 12.--(Friday)-p)-
The Japanese foreign office said today
Japan has declined a second invita-
tion to attend the Brussels Conference
on the Far Eastern War.
BRUSSELS, Nov. 11. - (P) -The
Chinese delegation today informed
the Brussels Conference on the Chin-
ese-Japanese war that China still is

willing to discuss peace even if Japan
rejects the conference's latest over-;
ture.
Dr. V. K. Wellington Koo, head of
the Chinese group, presented this as-
surance to Norman H. Davis, head of'
the United States delegation, Foreign
Secretary Anthony Eden of Britain
and Foreign Minister Yvon Delbos of.
France.
The Conference still awaited Ja-
pan's reply to the note sent Tokyo
last Saturday, asking whether Japan
would be willing to discuss the Far
Eastern crisis with envoys of a small-
er group of powers than the 19 mak-
ing up this conference.
Delegates said there appeared to be
two courses open to the conference
after Japan'sreply comes. First, if
the reply were final and negative,
would be -to issue a statement of "his-
toric" nature, possibly a condemna-
tion of Japan's course in China. Sec-
ond, if the reply seemed at all favor-
able, would' be to send another note
to Japan urging her to enter into
peace talks.
Enorinper (urricu la

Goes To President

Green Carries
-NLRB Protest
S-

Brazil Regime
Is Not Fascist,
-E

French Author
Is Given Nobel
Prize On Novel

University

Blamed

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WILLIAM GREEN

o rresdenP evNar asNinsists
tSTOCKHOLM, Nov. 11-(A")-Rog-
er Martin Du Gard, French author of
Board Orders Utilities Co. 'Democracy Moulded To "Les Thibaults," a series of novels on
To End AFL Contracts Necessity,' He Calls His family life in France, today was
award the 1937 Nobel Prize for lit-
FollowingInvestigation Government After Coup erature
Scientists in the' United States,
Federation Leaders German And Italian England and Switzerland were an-
nounced as winners of the prizes for
Call Ruling Biased Bids Turned Down physics and chemistry. Each prize
is worth about $40,000.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 11.-(JP)- RIO DE JANEIRO, (By telephones The physics award was shared by
William Green, president of the to Buenos Aires), Nov. 11.-P--The Clinton J. Davisson of New York and
American Federation of Labor, car- government of President Getulio Var- Dr. George P. Thomson of London'
ried to the White House toda the gas assured foreign diplomats today for their research in electronic inter-
that its assumption of dictatorial ference.
Federation's request for drastic re- powers was not fascism but democ- Professors Walter N. Haworth of
organization of the Labor Relations racy "moulded to Brazilian necessi- Birmingham, England, and Paul Kar-
Board. ties." rer of Zurich, Switzerland, divided the
After accusing the Board of fa- Diplomats of many countries made chemistry prize for studies of carbo-
vorir g John L. Lewis' rebel CIO in inquiries concerning the reported fas- hydrates and vitamins.
labor's civil war, the Federation's re- cist implications of Vargas's coup DuGard was born 56 years ago in
cent convention at Denver instructed yesterday, in which he dissolved Con- a Paris suburb and started serious
Green to ask President Roosevelt gress and promulgated a new consti- a ri atbthe ae of 28.
for "prompt relief." writing at the age of 28.
Cp res rstution.ars"Les Thibaults" is a lengthy work
Green said Mr. Roosevelt assured It was learned on good authority along the lines of John Galsworthy's
e would consider a list of cases that the Italian and German envoys "Forsyte Saga."
which Green intends to assemble. All adhern verturestIalian-German
of these, Green said, would show that Japanese anti-Communism pact but
huBrtthdAd favored the CIO and had been turned down. 4 Signers
Green called on the President a Rio De Janeiro Calm
GencleontePeieta The situation in the capital was' skIa ato
few hours after the Labor Board had calm today, as it wasyesterday, withAsk Vacation
ordered the Consolidated Edison.nootadsgofcne.Titr-
Company of New York and six af- no outward sign of change. This tran-
filiated utility companies to break quility apparently extended through e.
contracts with the International Bro- the nation, with Vargas firmly in con- Petitions For Thanksgivig
therhood of Electrical Workers, an trol. Recess Are Explained
AFL affiliate. Censorship continued, however, ___
Aunder the "state emergency" set up With more than 4,000 signatures
SAlthough he said he had not dis- under the new constitution, which
cussed this case with the Presideit, replaced the often-suspended "lib- received, circulators of petitions ask-
Green calledWtherdecision "out- eral" 1934 constitution. ing for a vacation Friday and Satur-
rageous." D. W. Tracy, president of day after Thanksgiving last night
the I.B.E.W., called it "another ex- Under the legislative powers of the gave the Daily facts concerning the
ample of the Board's bias" in favor new constitution which permits the petitions.
of the CIO. The United Radio and President to promulgate laws by de- Students from California to New
Electrical Workers, a CIO union, pre- cree when the chamber is not sitting, York, and from Michigan to Floridat
ferred the charges that resulted in Vargas was understood to be working are represented on them, as are stu-
M the Board's orderon two important measures.A-+,- ,--I,-A

Simpler Rules
Will Face New
U.S. Congress
Prof. Sunderland Tells Of
Radical Changes In Laws
For Session's Proceedure
When the regular session of the
United States Congress convenes next
January it will be presented withl
a radically new and simpler set of I
rules of procedure for federal district!
courts, Prof. Edson R. Sunderland, of
the Law School, told the Daily yester-
day.
Professor Sunderland, who is a}

For Boosting Rents
y Building Plans
Hypocrisy' Cry Enrollment Mounts Every
1Mar i I4crYear But Rooms Grow
B r itisProportionally scarcer
Armistice Day Regulation Sought
For Lower Prices
LONDON, Nov. 11.-iP)--England's
King George VI and his brother,
the Duke of Windsor, who was king By JACK DAVIS
before him, played unintended roles Responsibility for excessively high
today in the solemn observances of rent in Ann Arbor rooming houses
the 19th anniversary of the Armistice. rests squarely upon the University,
George stood in rigid salute before administration sources admitted yes-
the graceful Whitehall cenotaph dur- terday as campus sentiment to com-
ing the two-minute tribute of silence bat rising prices gained momentum,
to the World War dead while a Michigan, with one hand, permits
screaming man struggled through the increased enrollments every year t
guards, almost to the monarch's slim, bring an increasing demand for
khaki-clad figure, and shouted his rooms. With the other, it demolishes
hysterical accusation: blocks of rooming houses in pursu
"All this is hypocrisy-you're de- ance of its building program. These
liberately preparing for war!" houses have not been replaced and
shIn Paris, the Duke of Windsor as a result there are less student ac-
shunned the morning church servicei commodations than there were 10
in which he had planned to honor years ago. Such expansion, as the
his fallen comrades. TheDAnglican Rackham graduate school typifies
rector, the Rev. J. L. C. Dart, had must inevitably produce a rooming
said, "I would rather the Duke did shortage; yet no steps have been
not attend." taken to forestall it.
Mr. Dart explained that he had ex-s
pressed only his personal opinion Prices Pegged
as a vicar of the Church of England, Moreover the University practice Of
which opposed Edward's marriage to requiring semester contracts in ap-
a divorced woman. Before time for proved houses pegs prices at a higl
the service, Mr. Dart telephoned the level. In the mad scramble that
Duke's equerry, Lieut. Dudley For- marks the beginning of school, stu-
wood, to apologise for "what amdunt- dentshare inclined to grab anything
ed to a public insult." that has a bed and four rather dur-
_____________ ______able walls. Afterwards other things,
" vseem important but they are tie
C t n rS 1down by contract. Were it possible
1 for a great majority of students t
rent rooms at the beginning of the
H it For H alting semester on a weekly or monthl
basis the unrented rooms would pre
S pen P arleys vent prices from remaining at a peak
7~level.
For these reasons a drive to induce
Fraser Knocks Business the University to take action to clu
down rents in approved' houses
1 And Patriotic Bodies At intensified today. University offlc a
Pro essiveMeetingcontacted have reacted favorably or
M eta proposal to have college author -
Great harm in blocking freedom of ties regulate maximum rents in ap-
proved houses. It is expected thai
discussion essential to democracy is the number of houses asking foi
being brought about by organized University approval would be greatly
groups-patriotic, veteran, business,' lessened-increasing the number of
' rooms available on a weekly instead
professional and even fraternal, Dr. of semester basis. In this way the
Mowat G. Fraser, of the education reservoir of empty rooms would serve
school yesterday told the opening ses- to knock out the props from initial
sion of the three-day Progressive Ed- high rents and, by shopping around
ucation Association being held in the students would soon be able to bring
Ann Arbor High School building about a more just equilibrium.
Speaking on "The Influence of Regents' Help Needed
Pressure Groups in a Democracy," This scheme, which would have t
Mr. Fraser said that such organiza- receive the sanction of the Board o
tions are inevitable in a government Regents, depends for success upon a
where the people rule and have free- well organized housing bureau pos-
dom of speech, press and assembly. sessed of up-to-date information or
They are the natural result of the 'vacancies and prices in the Univer.
desire for group action, he said, but sity area. The present set up for ap-
they are detrimental if they attempt proved houses accomplishes this i
to restrict the free exchange of ideas excellent fashion.
which is imperative to democracy. This proposal has been tried i
Woman Judge Featured various schools throughout the coun-
Featured speaker of the banquet try with satisfactory results. Alter.
last night in the Union was the only nate suggestions envisage an expan-
woman judge south of the Mason- sion of the University towards th
Dixon line-Camille Kelley-judge of %west side of town where Dean Olm.
the juvenile court in Memphis, Tenn. stead, in charge of housing, esti-
for the past 17 years. mates there are low cost accommo-
Social conditions must be changed dations for several thousand students
before the American educational
standards can be improved, according Franco Repels
to Dr. S. A. Courtis of the education
school, who attributed the confusing
position of the teacher in the present Lo alist Attack
day and age to the chaotic social LOAta
conditions in speaking to the after-k a
ivI

member of the advisory committee of t ' U1ue
the Supreme Court on the rules of 'Lesser Evil'
civil procedure in federal district In the Consolidated Edison case,'
courts, said the regulations which the Board also ordered the seven com-
are being considered by Bar Associa- panies to stop recognizing the AFL
tions throughout the country will union as the sole bargaining agency
remove many possibilities of techni- for their employees, to notify em-'
calities.and tend to make action in., ployees they were free to join any,
these courts run smoother. union, to deal with an union en-
titled to recognition and to discon-
Uniformity For Courts tinue "espionage" into employees' ac-
Furthermore, he said, a degree of tivities.
uniformity in the federal district !ThesBoard found the AFL union
courts will be established. was successor to the companies' em-
Such practices as the interlocutory ploye representation plans abolished
objections which are permitted in the when the Supreme Court upheldthe
New York State courts and which Wagner Labor Disputes Act.
delay action sometimes for years will: The decision quoted Flod L. Car-
be largely removed, Professor Sunder- Tlisle, chairman qot he oyd L. Cr-
landpoitedout.Indvidal sate lile, haimanof the board of trus-
land pointed out. Individual states tees of Consolidated Edison, as tell-
might also revise their court processes ing an employee the company pre-
to conform to the federal chances, ferred the"AFL to the CIO union as
he added, pointing to Illinois and the lesser of "necessary evils."
Michigan court methods which he
drew up and which contain manyl
similarities to the rules proposed for r
the district courts.!Tan Beta Pi Elects

'

1
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i
1

The first, declaring a moratorium
on foreign debt payments, was indi-
cated in his radio broadcast last
night explaining to the nation the'
reasons for the coup.
Although there has been no official
announcement it was understood the
short term mortgium w yq" be4in-
augurated by formal notices explain-
ing Brazil's financial situation to in-
terested countries.;
Decree Prepared
Vargas was also preparing a decree
cutting the export tax on coffee and1
giving substance to the policy, an-
nounced Nov. 3, of abandoning export'
price control over Brazil's principal
product. At that time Vargas even
scrapped the seven-year old system of
controlling coffee surpluses by gov-j
ernment purchase and destruction.
Vargas proclaimed the new consti-
tution yesterday under the decree
powers under which he has ruled
most of the time since 1935. He was
authorized to remain in office indefi-;
nitely until a plebiscite on the new:
constitution had been held. The con-
stitutional election was to be held
at the President's discretion and his
present term would end then "if the

For the past two years since the Su-
preme Court selected the committee,
two different drafts of rules have
been circulating among judges and
lawyers, Professor Sunderland stated,
so that suggestions could be made.
by the profession.
Comment Is Favorable
On the whole, Professor Sunderland
added, comment from all parts of the
country is favorable to the changes.'
Among the 15 legal experts on the
committee, he said, are William D.
Mitchell, formerly attorney general of
the United States under ex-President1
Hoover, chairman of the committee
and the vice-chairman is ex-Senator
George W. Pepper of Pennsylvania.
HITCHHIKER FATALLY INJURED
MICHIGAN CITY-Darlene Green,
15-year-old girl hitchhiker from Pon-
tiac, was injured fatally today in a
collision between a Michigan Central
passenger train and a truck.
Lack Of Labor N
By Riegel To
By JOSEPH FREEDMAN
Although the current business re-
cession has forced dramatic laborl
news out of newspapers, industrial
managers continue to face serious in-I
dividual problems, Prof. John W.
Riegel, of the Bureau of Industrial
Relations, explained yesterday.
"Much adjustment is going on
without the public's knowledge in the
endeavour to eliminate a great deal
of future labor-capital friction," Pro-
fessor Riegel pointed out. "The
problems which managers are
now aremainly individual onesacon-
cerned with temporary layoffs."
At a time when business begins

Fourteen Seniors
Tau Beta Pi, men's engineering

honor society, inducted 14 men, se- plebiscite be favorable to the consti-
lected from among the highest quar- tution." Vargas could then standfor
ter of the senior class, into the or- reelection.
ganization at the formal initiation In his speech last night Vargas said
Tuesday evening in the Union. his bloodless coup had been made
The following seniors were initiat- necessary by the threat of armed re-
ed: Mendel W. Kitzmiller, Donnan volt from "regional mobsters masked
E. Basler, Harry D. Marshall, Alfred as party leaders and armed to impose
C. Erickson, Donald F. Vanloon, Wil- their decisions on the nation" in the
lis F. Brondycke, Truman N. Hoenke, scheduled January presidential elec-
Kenneth L. Graf, Henry W. Wallace, tion.
Lee E. Widman, Henry W. Crote,
Robert S. Moore, Goff Smith and
George N. Stuart, Jr. Successful Fund
A banquet in honor of the new men 'I
followed the formal initiation cere-
mony. Charles Spencer, national DriveExpected
president of the society, addressed the
society and was followed by Mr. Mc-
Carrol of the Ford Motor Co., who $47,500 Already Obtained
spoke on "Progress in the Automotive
Industry." For $53,000 Mark
Y ___'1 With $47,500 subscribed toward the

: I

dents in every class and college in
the University.
This petition has received more
support than any other project in the
recent history of the University, ac-
cording to circulators.
Arguments for the vacation, as pre-
sented by petitioners, point out that
some instructors give bolts the days
after Thanksgiving, that only one
session of each class would be missed
through the proposed vacation and
that Thanksgiving is one of the im-
portant holidays of the year and stu-
dents like to get home for the occa-
sion.
It was also pointed out that stu-
dents at Michigan State College are
having a vacation this year for the
first time since 1932. They obtained
their vacation through petitions,
propaganda and faculty support.
Petitions here were passed out in
fraternity houses, sorority houses, the
League, the Union, the lobby of An-
gell Hall, the engineering school and
on the diagonal.
The Men's Council is backing the
local petitioning.
Typhoon Sweeps
The Philippines
Heavy Rains And Big Wind
Leave Many Homeless
SMANILA, Nov. 11 -( P)-A typhoon
swept across five Philippine provinces
and through Manila tonight, leaving
an undetermined number of dead, in-
jured and homeless. Property dam-
age was extensive.
First meager, incomplete reports
showed five known dead, 20 missing,
and many injured. In Manila alone
3,000 persons were homeless, their
houses blown away by the terrific
wind or inundated by torrential rains.
Full reports awaited communica-
tion from the affected provinces-
Tayabas. Rizal, Bulacan, Pampanga
and Zambales.
Some lives were believed lost when
giant waves dashed 14 heavy cargo
lighters onto the rocks in Manila
bay. The 20 missing had been aboard
10 fishing boats in the bay.
Floods were widespread. The hur-
ricane threw huge trees across high-
ways, stopping traffic around Manila.
High winds delayed an Armistice Day
celebration.
Junior Party Asks
Recount Of Election.
The Men's Council will consider
the petition of the Washtenaw 4unior
party asking that votes cast from

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C WS A ttributed goal of $53,110, leaders in Ann Ar-
bor's Community Fund drive were
SIs confident yesterday that final efforts
Lag In Business will bring the 1937 campaign to a'
successful conclusion.
i The industrial division was report-
lief agencies and of the ossibilities Ied yesterday to have more than ful-
of spreading work. filled its quota. "Ann Arbor has
Professor Riegel warned that ex- shown a fine cooperative spirit in sup-
t reme care must be exercised in set- porting the fund," Osias Zwerdling,
tling upon these policies. I general chairman of the drive, said.
"A great deal of friction which "The Volunteers who have been ac-
arises between laborers and employ- tive in the campaignhhave worked
ers has its source in depressed times, long hours and hard in the interests
Enlightened businessmen will deal of the fund and the response to their
adequately with labor to be certain of efforts has been excellent."
harmonious relations throughout the The University total reached $6,-
year. 140.12, more than 75 per cent of its
"During depressed times, business $8,000 budget. The University Hos-
is spurred to improve production pro- pital had contributed $1,010.49 of its
cesses and management can retrain budget of $1,710. Leaders in the fund
its employes in more efficient meth- drive reported that solicitations this
tis o i w th a11ri, of nrnai,. f ~ .-nnA ___

,
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t
4
1
a
.

noon session. j 1 eaCSl U oll
Hits Communities
The American community has not HENDAYE, Franco-Spanish Fron-
provided sufficiently for child de- tier, Nov. 11.-( )-Spanish Insurgent
velopment and it is the parents' pro- communiques reported tonight Gen-
vince to meet this deficiency by be- eralissimo Francisco Franco's troops
coming an integral instrument in the had thrown back attacks by govern-
adjustment of the child to his en- ment forces on the northern Aragon
vironment, Mrs. Martha Ashby Hess front, "crushing whole regiments" in
of the education school said. furious action.
Parents, in her opinion, should The reports said Government
avoid being too emotional about chil- troops, preceded by an artillery bar-
dren's mistakes and should allow rage of several hours, launched their
much of the teaching to be done by attack on military positions known
negative experience. " as Hill 1100, Hill 1062 and Coseta
The educator must help the conser- I Del Batanero, in the Orna-Sabinan-
vationist to train children to partici- igo sector. It soon became a general
pate in activities to preserve life, not! offensive.
to wilfully destroy it as they are often "Our brave troops beat them back
(Continued on Pags asto the starting point,' 'said an In-
surgent communique, "our machine-

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Trade Committee Orders
Picketing Of Oil Stations
Pickets were placed at seven Stand-

guto 111i V )fldIx1df 11 tbW 11,,e 1 es."
Contradicting the Insurgent re-
ports, Government sources asserted
that Catalan militiamen had broken
through the Insurgent line in North-
ern Aragon, in guerilla warfare.

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