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November 09, 1937 - Image 1

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1937-11-09

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The Weather
generally fair and somewhat
coder.

L

Sir&igan

~~Iait

Editorials
A Chance For
Student Cooperation ... .
Elijah Parish Peabody,
100 Years Ago..

VOL. XLVIII. No. 38 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, NOV. 9, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Pact Of Fascists
Feared Aimed,
At Expansion
OfTerritories
Italian - German - Japanese
Agreement 'Have Nots'
Thrust For More Land
China And Brazil
May Be Drawn In
LONDON, Nov. 8.-{I)-Growing
fear was aroused in many parts of
the world tonight that the Italo-
German-Japanese pact against in-
ternatfonal communisnr was aimed
chiefly at territorial expansion..
Open skepticism was voiced in sev-
eral countries at the signatories' as-
surances that the agreement signed
at Rome Saturday was directed ex-
clusively against Bolshevism and
constituted a safeguard against war.
Recent Italian support of German
colonial demands heightened suspi-
cion of Itajy's purpose in adhering
to the pact at a time when the Jap-
anese army is occupying large sections
of China.'
Some British quarters expected
Japan to grant Italy and Germany
special economic advantages in oc-
cupied portions of China, excluding
the United States and Great Britain.
A source close to the German
Chancellery .in Berlin disclosed that
Germany would attempt to end the
Chinese-Japanese war by bringing
China into the anti-communism
front as the price of peace with Ja-
pan. This would mean renunciation
of China's close friendship with So-
viet Russia.
Italian and German insistence that
their intervention in the Spanish
civil war is a fight against commun-
ism was cited in some quarters as an
example of how the new alliance
might operate in other parts of the,
world, including South America.
The possibility the fascist powers
might seek to bring Brazil into the
pact was held in some quarters to be
a potential threat to the United
States. Fascist intervention in South
American politics after the pattern
in Spain might involve the United
States, which stands as guardianI

Lighting Improvements Delayed Fascist Spain -
By Limited Funds, Pardon Says MayFallLash JpaneseSezehalghal
Programn To Install New reveals that the cost estimate for im-[*A -
PFixtures Was Given Up 2i a projects is $280,000, while TelisLiberals After Sw eeping Offensive
Fitrsonly $168,000 is available to the de-s ~rn
During Business Slump partment. Of this figure, $115,000_
comes under the head of "must" ac-

R

Although lighting is recognized as
an important problem, limitation of
funds prevents the buildings andl
grounds department from carrying}
out an extensive improvement of ex-
isting facilities, Edward C. Pardon,
superintendent, told the Daily yester-
day.
Since enough money to fill all re-
quirements is not available, those
projects that are concerned with
keeping the buildings usable are given
first consideration. "For example, it
is much more feasible to spend eight
or nine thousand dollars for repairing
roofs or keeping up the heating plant,j
than it is to spend the same amount
for adding to the lighting system,"
Mr. Pardon said.
A large program to remedy the
lighting problem in University build-
ings was inaugurated and a sizable
reserve built up before the depression,
but the slump forced abandonment
of the plans.
"An estimate made several years
ago pl4.ced the cost of the most im-
portant additions to lighting at ap-
proximately $8,000," Mr. Pardon said.
"The amount needed now is con-
siderably above that figure. For the
library alone, the installations ex-
pense would total $1,750. However,
the problem is given quite a bit of at-
tention, as some improvements are
made each year in spite of the re-
duced budget."
"Lighting is not the only problem
that merits attention in our pro-
gram. Acoustics are so bad in some'
rooms that it is doubtful that the
students can hear their professors.
This certainly is a situation that
might well be remedied."
An examination of the budget of
the building and grounds department
Nation's Policy
On Spending
Becomes Issue'
Doubt If Business Slump
Necessitates More Or Less
Federal Expenditures

Loyalist Army Will Topple
Franco If More Italians
lHe Wields The Baton Are Not Sent, He Claims!

Spain In Flames'

ARTUR RODZINSKI
* y* *

Rodzinski Leads
Symphony Here
At 8:30_Tonight
Cleveland Group To Give
Second In Choral Union
Concert Program Here
Artur Rodzinski, conductor of the
Cleveland Orchestra, will bring his
organization to Ann Arbor for a con-
cert at 8:30 p.m. today in Hill Audi-
torium for the second of this season's
Choral Union Series.
This is the fifth year of Mr. Rod-
zinski's leadership of the Cleveland
Orchestra, founded 20 years ago.
Last year through special arrange-
ments, the Cleveland maestro also
conducted the New York Philhar-
monic Symphony for eight weeks
where he appeared in 28 perfor-
mances. He has also been engaged
for part of the coming season as co-
conductor with Toscanini to lead
the newly established NBC Radio

fITo Be Shown Here.
If France does not get more Italian
troops, the now well-organized Loy-
alist army of 550,000 will soon bring
about the collapse of fascist forces
in Spain, Joseph Lash, American
youth leader recently returned from
war-torn Spain, told 250 persons at!
the Progressive Club meeting last
night in the Union Ballroom.
"Spain in Flames," a film of actual
scenes of the war taken by Joris
Ivens and with narrative by Ernestl
Hemingway, will be shown at theI
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre Friday
and Saturday, Nov. 19 and 20, by the1
Art Cinema League, it was announced1
at the meeting.
Lash, Executive Secretary of the
American Student Union, describedI
how internal strife between the pop-
ulations of different provinces and
between the various political parties
was overcome in order to build a
unified and disciplined army and a
united civilian front.
Groups of soldiers learning to read
and write in the trenches were cited
by Lash as evidence that the Gov-
ernment is realizing its objectives of
democratic education. He added that !
theatres and agricultural instructors'
travel about Loyalist Spain among
the peasants.
Referring to "Michigan boys fight-
ing in Spain for their convictions,"
Lash lauded the "heroic" part the In-
ternational Brigade has played in
"defending Spanish democracy." He
said American college men in Spanish'
hospitals had told him that they
wanted to feel that the American stu-
dent movement was their "rear
guard.'
After recounting incidents in which1
small children had been victims of
bombing of Madrid, the speaker,
made a plea for financial aid from
American students to equip homes
for Spanish refugee children and to
help purchase ether, ambulances and
medical supplies for the Spanish<
people.

On Last Chinese Positions
Fud For Arthritis Research Planes Attack Retreating
Soldiers As Troops Try
Increased To Million Dollars To WipeOutStragglers
- Defenders Lay Fire
Disease Is Cause Of Huge Speaks Here Tomorrow entrers In Pat
Loss In Time, Money Z)Dstricts In Path
Federal Sre Reveals
Survey SHANGHAI, Nov. 9.-(Tuesday)-
(P)-Shanghai fell today to a wildly
Medical research men at the Uni-. excited Japanese army which swept
versity were blown out of a traditional <> $ }~ across the once-bitterly defended
pessimism last week when the fund Soochow Creek on the western fringes
for the study of arthritis prevention,'Sofchhw Cravky-nuardedesternatinal
cure and migration was raised from of the heavily-guarded International
$10,000 to $1,000,000 at one fell swoop. 'Settlement.
Before noon Japanese legions cap-
An announcement was made sev- X fured Hungjao airdrome-China's
eral months ago of a $10,000 Rack- "Sarajevo" where the spark fell which
ham gift for the study of arthritis, started the Chinese-Japanese con-
commonly known to the layman as flict in the Shanghai region.
rheumatism. The research orgamliza- Retreating Chinese troops, who left
tion then tentatively set up, can Low China's great commercial city within
be expanded to provide for a corn- the Japanese battlelines, fired nu-
prehensive study over a term of years. :merous buildings throughout the
The grant provides for die interest Hungjao area as they fell back toward
from the endowment to be used an- winter defense lines further to the
nually for at least five and no more west.
than ten years in a study of this Plapes Take Part
painful, crippling, joint disease. Japanese planes, taking to the air
Research in cancer, syphilis, or any quickly in the face of the Chinese
other major problem may be en- -PROF. NATHAN T-ISAACS withdrawal, heavily bombed the Chi-
dowed by the fund following this ;*nese lines while mobile shock troops
work, if the executive board of the T raced forward in an attempt to wipe
graduate school so desires. After 15 LaW Professor out Chinese stragglers.
years the whole sum may be added Vast. clouds of smoke in the vicinity
to the endowment fund of the grad- To G ive T re of Nanziang, important railway point
uate school. 4directly west of Shanghai, were be-
Arthritis, or rheumatism, although lieved by foreigh military observers
its symptoms are often used with a Lectures L ere to indicate that the Chinese probably
humorous connotation by actors de- had withdrawn along the entire west-
picting old age, according to a fed- ern line which they had defended
eral survey, resulted in the -loss of Isaacs To Talk On Jewish valiantly since Japanese captured
7,500,000 weeks of work and a mnane- rine U drLa Chapei Oct. 27.
.ary loss osore than $200,000,00to Experiences Under Law No Military Effect
tar lssofmor tan$20,00,000The Japns dvac a oml
the wage earners of the country in I And Worship Tomorrow itaryefcta n the Fenchhad no il-
The seriousness of this disabling the area packed with foreign refugees
Prof. Nathan T. Isaacs of the Har- immediately adjoining the region
ailn is indicated by a recent study vard Law School, authority on bus- evacuated by the Chinese, but it left
in Massachusetts which showed 140, mess law, teacher and well-known all foreign and Chinese sections sur-
000 sufferers, a total of moise than writer, will give three lectures here rounded by Japanese warships and
all the cases of tuberculosis, heart tomoirow. troops.
disease and cancer combined, in that Professor Isaacs will speak on Foreign observers were of the opin-
state. "Jewish Experience Under the Law"
'The lw mortality rate from ar J shE"ion that the Chinese were not de-
The rate frgmecr in the Natural Science Auditorium feated south of Soochow Creek, where
thritis explains the relative neglect at 4:15 p.m., on "Study as a Mode of they had engaged heavy Japanese
of research in the field in terms of Worship" at Hillel Foundation in the concentrations, but were forced to
comparison with cancer and tuber- evening, and will address a faculty withdraw to avoid being cut off by a
culosis. It is only in the last 10 b luncheon on "Lessons from Jewish Japanese expeditionary force which
or 15 years that work in this country Experience" at 12:15 p.m. in the was marching up from the south after
has produced significant results. Union, landing at Hangchow Bay.
However; little is known about the "Professor Isaacs will present a This expeditionary column was said
cause of the disease. Most of the scholarly interpretation of Jewish at- Tiexdtonrclunwsad
work done in the past has been in the tiue rdcdudrasse.f to be making a strong attack against
(Continued on Page 6) education which may ~be aistobeSungkiang, a key point in China's
edcto-hc myb adt communications to the west. It was
religious and legalistic," Dr. Edward believed the Chinese would take new
W. 'Blakeman counsellor in religion, positions several miles from Shanghai
Ne D irector s commented yesterday, in an attempt to bar the Japanese
"He is a teacher of varied experi- advance toward Nanking,
N m s Create ence, a writer well-known within his1
N am es Crfieldand comes to the campus with l
, a preparation "rather unique," Dr. lJudOe Brands
News For Dail B lakeman pointed out. -
A contributor to the recently com-
piled "Encyclopedia of Social Sci- a s

over
Mon
St
I

For
S
I
W
othe
tice
Cour
W
miss
was
seat
of t.
"atti
litiga
An
his

that part of the globe under the WASHINGTON, Nov. 8.-(W) - Orchestra.
roe Doctrine. Whether the Government should re- For tonight's performance Mr. Rod- ' 00j( Re u s
duce or expand its expenditures to zinski has chosen the following pro-
overcome the current business reces- gram especially for Ann Arbor: Pre-
iprem e Court ion became a paramount question in ude to "Die Meistersinger," by Wag- Extended Tim e
C u t kthe capital tonight. ner;" "Symphony in G Minor," by E te
President Roosevelt called in his Mozart and "Symphony No. 1," by F
H1alts, Attem pt foremost spender, Harry L. Hopkins' Brahms.' For H olid ay si
and three Government economists to Fallowing the appearance of Mr.
a dscuss. i generaln t th economic conditions Flo ig te a paa c f M.____
To O ustBlaikh latot"h bdetan Rodzinski and the Cleveland Orches- With more than 3,500 signatures
buge adtra, other concerts to be heard in collected, petitioning for a vacation
While they were canvassing the sit- Ann Arbor as part of the Choral Series Friday and Saturday after Thanks-
rmier Alabama Senator uation, Secreta'ry Morgenthau of the include Richard Crooks, Nov. 19; giving will continue today.
Treasury disclosed that be would pre_ Fritz Kreisler, Nov. 29; Boston Sym- Petitions will be placed in the lobby,
tands With Liberals Ingent his views on additional "pump phony Orchestra, Dec. 8; RuthI of Angell Hall, the lobbies of the
lb First Bench Decision 'riming" outlays in a speech on Slenczynski, Jan. 10; Finnish Chorus, Union and the League, the engineer-
"spending" before the League for Pa- Jan. 18; Gina Cigna, Jan. 28; Roth ing college and on the diagonal.
ASHINGTON, Nov. 8-P)-An- litical Sciences in New York Wednes- String Quartet, Feb. 17; Georges Sponsored by the Men's Council,'
x effort to remove Associate Jus- day night. Eesco, March 1. these petitions request that these two
Since the recent stock market de- A limited number of season tickets days vacation'be given not only this
Hugo L. Black from the Supreme line, several schools of thought have and tickets for individual concerts year but in future years.
ithout comment, the court dis- developed regarding next year's work are still available and will be disposed I Those who have not yet signed the
'd at comet nt thendingtBlackrelief outlays. Some have argued j of in order of application to the petitions were asked to do so immed-
ed a petition contending Black that further curtailment of WPA ex- School of Music, according to Charles iately by the Men's Council, so that
constitutionally ineligible for his penditures would contribute toward A. Sink. president. an attempt may be made to obtainI
and that he had, as a member the balanced budget predicted by the yacation this year.I
he Senate, shown himself to be the President for the next fiscal pe- Fraternities and sororities having I
tudinized" regarding a point mriod, and thus increase business con- RObber Sentened petitions that are filled were asked to
ation. fidence. Others have contended that ut h ehand them in at the Union or the,
hour earlier, Black handed down cuts in relief outlays this year re- By Federal Court League as soon as possible.
first opinion. Speaking in a low duced the public's purchasing power

i,
E
+
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I
i
I,
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i
i
i

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tone, he hurriedly telescoped a 2,000
word argument into a brief oral an-
nouncement, leaving details to a peru-
sal of his printed text.
The decision upholding a Federal
Trade Commission contention that
two firms practiced unfair competi-
tion in the sale of encyclopedias, de-
nounced "deception" in business.
In addition, in two cases upon
which the court was divided, he
aligned himself with its traditionally
liberal members, and in three tax
controversies, he voted against the
government and in favor of the tax-
payer.
The new attempt to oust Black,
who took his seat amid charges of
constitutional ineligibility and a fur-
ore over his admitted former mem-
bership in the Ku Klux Klan, was in-
stituted by three Florida oil com-
panies. It was the third, unsuccessful
effort to remove him.
Student Publications
Board Member Quits
The resignation of Walter Graham,

before business was ready to take up
the slack, and that spending should GRAND RAPIDS, Nov. 8.-(')- Gray Addresses
be continued at present levels if not A second grim warning within less
increased. I than two weeks to ward bank robbers
Stephen T. Early, a presidential ;taway from Michigan developed in a L b r n(l L
secretary, told reporters that Mr. I jury room of Federal Court tonight. __
Roosevelt from now on would be giv- Twelve days after a bank robber-1
ing prime attention to the business killer heard his doom ordered by a Conscience A Better Guide
and financial situation and its af- federal juiy in Bay City, a similar Than State, He Says I
feet on employment, the budget and body of citizens here convicted 39- {
relief. I year-old Raymond C. Stevensons of That a man's conscience, not the
helping to raid a bank in Grand state, should dictate his life, was!
Rapids. brought out by Harold Gray, a con-,I
rganic emisry Quickly there followed sentences scientous objector in the World War,
Listed As Students' from Federal Judge Fred M. Ray- at a meeting of the Liberal Student
'mond to keep Stevenson, found guilty Union Sunday at the Unitarian
Chief Public Enem 1 as a participant in a $33,000 holdup, Church.
Cb cEnemy behind Leavenworth penitentiary's Mr. Gray was sentenced to 25 years
'forbidding walls for 40 years. in Leavenworth prison for his refusal,
The old argument over what the I to fight, but was pardoned a year af-
toughest course in college seems to ter the war along with other objec-
be ended at last. A study made by Hoffman Calls For Fight tors. He worked with the Y.M.C.A.
the Bureau of Educational Surveys On Murphy Labor Views in England during the first years of
of New York City has just revealedys the war, but feeling that even this
organic chemistry as curricular Pub- BATTLE CREEK, Nov. 8.--()-"If I work was inconsistent with his ideals,
lic Enemy number one for the nation's you don't take off your coats and1 he returned to this country where he
university students. make a fight against the CIO and the was in a camp forobjectors in Kan-
Following organic chemistry, sta- labor policies of Governor Murphy sas until the men there were drafted. P
tistics has the best right to the worst and President Roosevelt, there is go- He feels that the war is inconsis-
reputation, the Bureau found. Other ing to be civil war," Rep. Clare Hoff- tent with the Christian ideal and
leading anti-social studies listed in 1 man (Rep., Mich.), of Allegan told has never been successful in stop-
the Bureau's report are physics, gen- the Battle Creek Rotary Club today. ping further war.

"'Names make news" is an old jour- ences," Professor Isaacs has written
nalistic adage that the Student Di- on such themes as "Study as a Mode DjIeitiruen v
rectory, which appeared, after much of Worship" and "Elements of Jewish
typographical procrastination, yester- Education," lectured upon "Ways of 1
day, fully substantiates. Peace" and "Social Attitudes" andC c oor e
Alcoholically speaking, there are acted as assistant editor of the In- ago oy 4ourt Head
two Benders for one Beer and two ternational Standard Bible and En- Describes New Attitude
Bocks with three Frieds, but only two cyclopedia.
Soboroffs. A brief period of questions and dis- ~ r rm l Ot
The one Royal in the Directory cussion will probably follow the after-
should feel right at home for there noon lecture in Natural Science Audi-- Indleness and unemployment, and
are 17 Kings, two MacQueens, four toriumI unsupervised boys' organizations, are
Kaisers and one Peer. For two Heads ---- h- -iyo hen, J. M.fBr m emog
there are two Combs, one Brilliantine
and a Derby. H o ve W4arns the Boys' Court in Chicago, told a
The Directory reverses the Biblicalr meeting of more than 100 people Sun-
situation by having eight Daniels to day at the Hillel Foundation.
five Lyons, while there is a Horn On Propaganda To provide employment for boys
apiece for two Gabriels. Also in a'r brought up for trial in his court,
religious vein, there are three ' Judge Braude persuaded some of the
Churches with an Alter for two Mc- Asks More Free Speech big Chicago industries to give them
Brides and a Groomes. Reminiscent jobs. Of 108 receiving employment
of the Reformation are three Luthers, As Means To Liberty in this way, 106 made good in their
three Knoxes and four Popes. j positions.
The antonym comes in for its full WATERVILLE, Me., Nov. 8.-UP- The Boys' Court, the only one of its
share in the Directory with two Highs Herbert Hoover today termed free kind in the country, deals with boys
for three Los, one New for four Olds, speech and free press the "bulwarkj between the ages of 17 and 21. Ac-
two Lotts for two Lyttles, and a Mac- of human liberty" and warned the cording to law, age is treated on a
Lean for a MacFate. ' country to guard against the inroads purely chronological basis; the Boys'
Politically, there are three Read- of propaganda. Court in judging cases regards phys-
ings, to seven O'Briens, and 12 Greens In somber cap and gown, the iological and mental age as well.
to one John Lewis. former president, at Colby College ex- Punishment in his court, the judge
There are 77 Smiths and 43 Browns ercises described propaganda as a said, is meted out according to the in-
in the University, but when all is saidI "poison" nurtured by war and ap- dividual, not the crime. A psychiatric
and done, there is still only one Con- plied with refinements to politics. clinic and a sociological bureau con-
nell. The antidote, he said, was "more nected with the court, aid in the
free speech" to expose "intellectual analysis of the individual.
Engieersdishonesty and the purpose that lies! The effectiveness of the treatment
Junior Engineers behind it." afforded by the Boys' Court, is shown
Hoover spoke at exercises coM-, by the fact that 72 per cent of the
To Vote Tomorrow memorating a Colby graduate, Elijah I boys tried by the court, did not re-
Parish Lovejoy, who died 100 years pea t crimes. Of the 28 per cent who
Junior engineers will select the ago at the hands of a pro-slavery d 3 repeat, many commit minor of-
Jg tmob in Alton, Ill., as he defended {f

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