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May 21, 1938 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1938-05-21

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The Weather
Considerable cloudiness to-
day; tomorrow fair not much
change in temperature.

YI e

lr 43acZU

VOL. XLVIII. No. 168 ANx1J ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MAY 21, 1938

PRICE' FIVE CENTS

0o9 Reported
Hurt InAlleged
Czech -Incited
Sudeten Clash
Police A tKomotau Af firl
Report Of Disturbances
But Deny Any Injured
Maneuvers Ronutine,
Germany AserLs
(By Associated Press)
Approximately 100 Sudeten Ger-
mans were injured, more or less ser-
iously, as a result of an attack by
Czech soldiers, Deutsches Nachrich-
tenbuero (official German News
Agency) reported at Berlin yesterday
in a dispatch from Komotau, Czecho-
slovakia.
The commander of the Komotau
Gendarmerie emphatically denied the
reports. His answer to telephoned in-
quiries was that they were "pure in-
vention." There were some clashes
but no one was injured, the com-
mander said.
Late yesterday, reliable sources re-
port, German foreign officials had as-
sured Britain and Czechoslovakia that
current German troop movements
merely were routine.
Meanwhile, last night in London,
Europe's latest case of war jitters
grew more severe as France and
Italy inaugurated naval and army
maneuvers in .Northern Africa. Eu-
ropean powers warily shuttled war-
ships and troops in imposing num-
bers 'in the vital Mediterranean area.
Franceand Italy, unable to come to
terms in moves for a friendship pact
because each backs a different side in
Spain, prepared for almost simul-
taneous maineuvers in their bordering
African colonies of Tunisia and Libya.
Significant developments of the
day included:
1. King Vittorio Emmanuele of
Italy left Sicily for Italian Libya toi
watch army manuevers near the bor-
der of French Tunisia. '
2. - Seven French cruisers and 18
,destroyers anchored off Bizerta, naval
b ea French protectorate of
J n ia, for combined maneuers
with the air force.
3. Four German warships-the
pocket battleship "Admiral Scheer"
and the torpedo boats "Iltis," "Wolf,"
and "Tiger" - will stop at Gibraltar
today on what officials labelled a
routine call.
Joe, Jack, Co.
EnthrallCrow
With Gay Feats
By JAY McCOnMIC
His name is Joseph Canzone, and
the monkey's name is Jack. They
both hit town yesterday, and traffic
has been tied up on the streets they
have been working ever since.
At 3 p.m. yesterday there were
eight cars parked precariously along
Packard Street, and 20 or 30 persons
gathered around the small simian,
throwing pennies at him.
Joseph stays in the backgrouind,
letting Jack have all the glory, but
Joseph is always ready with a new
trick or costume for his friend when
he sees that people are getting tired
of the old one. There are a pair of
glasses, a pipe, a hat, and a rubber
ball, and Jack knows how to use all
of them.

The organ in the picture is com-
paratively unimportant; it plays only
two or three tunes, but Jack does
call attention to it once in a while
when he dances in time.
Some small children were intro-
duced to Jack, and Joseph adroitly
controlled his pal by means of a leash,
politely bringing the monkey up to
a sitting position and having him
proffer a small black paw. After the
concert, Joseph picked friend Jack
up and started on his way. But the
way is in the direction of campus. He
may be here today.{
Spain Sends Gold To U.S.
Via France For Supplies
PERPIGNAN, France, May 20.-(IP)
R-Twenty-four French trucks crossed
the Franco-Spanish border from Bar-
*celoqa today with a cargo of gold
whicA an escort of Spanish Govern-
ment o.fficials said was destined for
the United States to pay for supplies,
(The United States Neutrality Law
prohibits the shipment of armaments

PhysicistsJ
Existence

Here Affirm

Of

Neutrino

Crane And Halpern, In University Laboratories, Reveal
Further Proof For Existence Of High-Energy Unit,
Neutrino, Using 'Cloud Chamber' And Cyclotron

By NORMAN A. SCHORR
Further proof of the existence of
a particle ,of matter, the neutrino,
much smaller than the electron, has
been established by two -fniversity
research physicists, H. Richard Crane
and Julius Halpern, it was made
known yesterday.
The disappearance of energy in
the atom under the process of disin-
tegration had lead scientists for some-
time to believe in the existence of a
smaller, hitherto undiscovered par-
ticle. To find this unaccounted-for
part of the atom, Crane and Hal-
pern have been working since the
fall, developing a new technique
which combines the use of the Wilson
"cloud chamber" and the Cyclotron,
the University's giant atom-smasher.
Their problem was to measure the
"recoil" exerted by the neutrino on
the atomic nucleus when the nucleus
disintegrates after bombardment.
When the atom, made up of a nu-
Jackson Seeks
Stockyard 'Case
Reconsideration
Claims Court lieVersedi
A Decision Of Two Years
Ago In The Same Case
WASHINGTON, May 20.-(A)-So-
licitor-General Robert H. Jackson
told the Supreme Court today that
it h ad reversed itself in the recent
Kansas City stockyard case and
should grant a rehearing.
He thus joined Secretary of Ag-
riculture Wallace in 4hallenging the.
April 25 decision which invalidated
a Wallace ordqr reducing charges of
certain commission men at the stock-
yards. The. decision had said that
the commission men were not given
proper opportunity to rebut findings
of Agriculture Department agents.
Wallace, in a series of statements,
has said that the procedure con-
demned was inherited from the prev-
ious Administration and has been
abandoned since the stockyard order
was issued.
Jackson said the court ruled two
years ago in the same Kansas City
:ase that theuprocedure was of no
ignificanee but now holds that it
s "fatally defective."
"We do not here question the power
of the court to reverse its previous
decision if it(conisiders5 it to have been
roneous," the Solicitor General said.
"We do suggest that the reversal war-
:ants a rehearing."
recti Attacks
PIM1i1)pPr i lif
Calls it Artiicial Method
To -alt Business Slump
,CINCINNATI May ,0.-(/)-Pres-
ident William Green of the American
Federation of Labor declared tonight;
"We cannot go on fighting emergency
conditions with government spend-
ing forever."
"We must find a solution for our
unemployment problem," he con-
tinued in an address prepared for the
A.FL.'s first annual trade and union
label exposition here.
"Government spending is an arti-
ficial means of increasing purchasing
power. What is the natural way?
"Higher wages, shorter hours and
an end to sweatshop conditions will
put money into the pockets of the
.reater masses of our people, money
they will be eager to spend for the
products of American industry.
"The natural way to reduce uncm-

ployment,"' Green asserted, "is to
provide work for the unemployed in
private industry. The natural way to
increase purchasing power is to raise
American standards of working and
living conditions."
The AFL's chieftain said the or-
ganization "is going into the iner-'
,handising business" and proposes to
"deliver the union market to worthy
American business men who employ
members of unions affiliated with
the American Federation of Labor."
Ann Arbor Milk Prices

cleus which contains protons and
neutrons and is surrounded by one
or more electrons, undergoes bom-
bardment by the cyclotron it becomes
radioactive, or emits rays similar
to those emitted by radium. Disin-
tegration takes place and one or more
of the electrons is emitted from the
nucleus.° Previous experiments had
born out the fact that when an elec-
tron is emitted, there is a loss of
energy on the part of the nucleus
the energy ataken away fittaoin9
the energy taken away with the elec-
tron. w
The two physicists decided to trace
the motion of the nucleus as a way
to measure its recoil when the electron
is ejected and a new atom formed.
To facilitate this observation, which
had never been carried out before,
they developed a new technique with
the cloud chamber.
They started with atoms of chlorine
and made them radioactive by firing
deuterons, or nuclei of heavy hydro-
gen, at them from the cyclotron at a
speed of approximately 72,000,000
miles per hour.
The new chlorine gaseous compound
was then placed in the cloud cham-
ber and the course of the particles
emitted during disintegration was
photographed. Although it is impos-
sible to see or photograph the par-
ticles themselves, their lines of motion
may be reproduced when the vapor
(ontinued on Page 2)
President Asks
24 Milions To
Enlarge Navy
Warships, Plawes, Airship
To Be Started According
To Naval Expansion Act
WASHINGTON, May 20.-U)-
Congress received a Presidential re-
quest today that it appropriate $23,-
875,000 inmediately to begin streng-
thening the nation's sea and air de-
fenses in accordance with the three-
day-old naval expansion act.
The President outlined the intended
uses of the fund as follows in a letter
to Speaker Bankhead:
For three new warships, ten auxil
iaries and a fleet of small vessels of
great speed and maneuverability,
$16.500,000.
Nine Patro Plam-s
For nine patrol planes of the latest
type, $3,375,000.
For a rigid airship-the first since
the Macon and Akron crashed several
years ago--$500,000.
For ijmprovemlets at navy yards.
$3,500000.
The money, scheldiiled to be includ-
ed in the second deficiency appropria-
tion bill. now pending before the
House Appropriations Committee,
would be sufficient only for a stat
on the new vessels and the dirigible.
Unofficial Navy estimates placed their
ultimate cost at around $115.000.000.
iAisks For Plane Carrier
The warships for which the Piesi-
dent asked funds are two light crui-
ers and an airplane carrier, whi h
probably will cost about $22,000,000
each to complete.
The auxiliaries include a destroyer
tender, a large seaplane tender and
two small ones, a mine layer, a mine
sweeper, two oil tankers and two fleet
tugs.
The dirigible is to be of 3,000,000
cubic feet. The Naval Expansion Act
provides that its total cost shall not
be more than $3,000,000.

WPA Fires
10Employes
For 'Politics
Simultaneous Move Made
To Swing CIO Behind
Pennsylvania Democrats
Jhn 1Lewis Has
'Nolhing To Say'
WASHINGTON, May 20.-OP)-The
Roosevelt Administration announced
the dismissal of ten WPA employes
in Pennsylvania for political activity
today and simultaneously made what
was widely interpreted as an effort
to swing the CIO behind the Demo-
cratic ticket in that state.
Harry L. Hopkins, the Works Prog-
ress Administrator, disclosed that the
ten employes had been dismissed and
eight others penalized for "political
activities for rival candidates" in the
recent bitter primary campaigns.
John L. Lewis, whose CIO ticket
in the Pennsylvania Democratic pri-
mary was beaten by candidates of
the state Democratic organization,
was a luncheon guest at the White
House during the day.
High party leaders who talked with
the President later seemed confident,
however, that Lieut.-Gov. Thomas
Kennedy, Lewis' beaten candidate
for the Democratic nomination for
Governor would not reenter the race
as an independent.
Jones, who supported Kennedy in
the primary, subsequently issued a
public statement saying he would sup-
port the party nominees and predicted
the remainder of the "squad" would
line up promptly and solidly.
Mr. Roosevelt reiterated his often
expressed hands-off attitude toward
primary elections. He refused to
comment on the outcome of the Penn-
sylvania voting, saying he took no
part in the campaign. And, he
added, he was taking no part in the
Oregon primary today.
Members of the cabinet had a hand
in the primaries of both states, how-
ever. Postmaster General Farley,
the Democratic National Chairman,
endorsed Kennedy's candidacy and
simultaneously gave his support tp
Gov. George H. arle, andidate of
the Democratic organization for the
senatorial nomination.
Board Reveals
Canididate List
Publications Elections Will
lake Place Tuesday
A revised list of 10 candidtes wlo
will run for positions on the Board
in Control of Student Publications in
Tuesday's all-campus election was
announced yesterday.
Those selected are Bruce Campbell,
'39; Phil Clark, '39; Richard Knowe,
'39E; Roy Sizemore, '39F&C; Bernard
Schweid, '39; Edward Macal, '39;
Charles Jacobson, '39E; Kevin Hepp,
'39; Hamilton Morris, '39 and Rob-
ert Fryer, '38.
Out of the list, campus voters will
elect three to replace incumbents Bud
iumdahl, '38; Frank Coolidge, '38 and
William Shackleton, '38E.
Spganisi-Anerican War
Vets Hold Reunion Today
Veterans of the 31st Michigan vol-
unteer infantry in the Spanish Amer-
ican War wil hold their annual re-
union here today. More than 300

are expected to attend the affair, for
which a special program of entertain-
ment has been planned by 19 mem-
bers of Company A, veterans who still
reside in Ann Arbor. Mayor Walter
C. Sadler has asked that the Amer-
ican flag be displayed throughout
the city to honor the veterans.

Bows To
Fishnan Pitches Superbly
In Shutout; Michigan
Plays Errorless Baseball
Smick And Beebe
Lead Hitting Attack
By HERBERT LEV
While Herm Fishman was holding
Notre Dame's baseball team com-
pletely at bay in registering his sec-
ond consecutive shut-out yesterday,
his teammates hopped on the offer-
ings of two Irish hurlers for nine
solid hits to give Michigan a 6-0 vic-
tory.
Fishman was in top form. Although
he allowed the invaders nine safeties,
the little southpaw kept 'them well
scattered and was invincible with men
on the sacks. His control was flaw-
less as he issued nary a base on balls
while retiring five batters on strikes.
Varsity Pounds Mandjiak
Meanwhile, Michigan showed little
respect for Notre Dame's highly tout-
ed left-handed ace, Mike Mandjiak,
who lasted less than two innings un-
der the Wolverine onslaught. Danny
Smick and Leo Beebe led Michigan's
attack with two bingles apiece.
The Wolverines' defensive play was
by far their best of season. For the
first time since the southern trip,
they played errorless ball in the field.
Sensational stops by Walt Peckin-
paugh and Hank Greenberg, sopho-
more first baseman, were features of
the day.
Peckinpaugh Scores
Michigan wasted no time in getting
started. In the first inning with two
men out and Peckinpaugh on first by
virtue of a pass, Bob Campbell and
Smick hit successive singles to send
Peek across the plate.
Four Wolverine base-hits coupled
with a pair of Mandjiak's own .bon-
ers led to the hurler's downfall in the
second frame. Leo Beebe, first man
up, slapped a Texas leaguer, and
counted Michigan's second tally on
hits by Fishman and Freddie Trosko.
After Don Brewer had grounded out,
Peckinpaugh lined a single to left
scoring both Fishman and Trosko.
Campbell, next up, hit to Mandjiak,
but the Irish hurler tried forda force
(Continued on Page 3
Hold-Ups Net
Bandits $400
Resident Escapes Death
After Resistance
An Ann Arbor resident escaped
from death by a hairs-breadth last
night when the gun of a hold-up
man missed fire three times: The
incident took place during one of
two grocery robberies which netted
a bandit pair over $400.
Another man, Harry Cazepis, pro-
prietor of a grocery at the corner of
Spring and Miller Avenues, was
clubbed by the pair when he resisted
them. He is in Saint Joseph's hos-
pital with a deep cut in his head. The
hold-up men escaped from his store
with $300 after cutting telephone
wires
Louis Klager, the man whom one
of the bandits attempted to shoot
down, was in the grocery of Harry
Yarmain at 1612 Jackson Ave., when
the robbery took place. The bandits
entered the store and forced cus-
tomers to the floor, taking at least
$60.60 from the cash register. Klager,
attempting resistance, threw his cane

at the men and charged. One of the
pair pulled the trigger of his revolver
three times but the gun missed fire.
At a call from his companion, he fled.
Police do not know whether the pair
possessed a car.
In the second robbery, the bandits
also took $45 from Yarmain, who was
celebrating his birthday. It was the
fourth time in three years that the
store owner had been robbed. Once
he was shot in the back by bandits.
Police are investigating the hold-
ups, which took place only a little
more than a week after a request for
seven additions to the force were
denied.

At Columbus; Notre Dame

Bill

on the evidence of four witnesses,
later proven perjurers, was pre-
sented, in a film last night at Labor
Hall under the auspices of the Amer-
ican League for Peace and Democracy.
Mooney was convicted for partici-
pation in the bombing of a San Fran-
cisco Preparedness Day . Parade
through the efforts of public utility
magnates, said Ernest Goodman of
the Detroit Lawyers Guild. Mooney's
attempt to organize the utility work-
ers made him a dangerous man in the
eyes of employers, he continued, and
through collusion with the prosecut-
ing attorney, they secured his convic-
tion. ,
Since the original trial in 1917,
three of the four main witnesses have
confessed to offering false testimony;
and the fourth has been proven a per-
jurer by testimony of his friends,,
Goodman stated. In view of the fact,
both the judge and all the living
jurors who convicted Mooney, have
admitted his innocence, headded. De-
spite this, he explained, the courts of
California have repeatedly denied
Mooney a new trial.
Mooney has become a symbol to or-
ganized labor throukhout the world,
Goodman declared, and unions have
been tireless in their efforts to secure
justice for him. Since he was im-
prisoned for his attempts to help the
working class, he said, laborers feel
it their duty to fight for his freedom.
Short Story Gets
Honorable Mention
"The Wedding," a short story by
Mrs. Henry Branson, formerly Anina
Coniglio, who attended the Univer-
sity in 1935 and 1936, appeared in
the Honor Roll of the "Best Short
Stories of 1938" edited by Edward
J. O'Brien,

discus, topping the field with a throw
of 152 feet 4 3/4 inches.
On the strength of his perform-
ances today, Watson is virtually con-
ceded the retention of his Conference
titles in these events.
The Wolverines lived up to expecta-
tions in all events and added a few
surprises along the line to strength-
en their title bid. Coach Charlie
Hoyt's crew qualified 13 men to top
the field. The rest of the teams
trailed in the following order.
Michigan Power In Field
Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois, and In-
diana each qualified eight; Ohio State
was next with seven ; Chicago_ and
Purdue had five each;' while Minne-
sota and Northwestern wound up the
list with three and one respectively.
As expected it was Michigan power
in the field events which provided
most of the points. John Townsend
garnered points behind Watson in the
shot and discus and was within strik-
ing distance of second place in both
events. Fred Martin placed second
among the javelin throwers, finish-
ing behind Iowa's Bush Lamb with a
mark of 201 feet 4 inches. Lamb set
the pace at 202 feet 7 inches, and
it'll be a fight between the two for
the title tomorrow.
There ,was no qualifying round in
the pole vault where Michigan's Jim
Kingsley is expected to nab a second
place behind Milt Padway of Wiscon-
sin. All entries in the high jump, ad-
vanced to the final, round without
qualifying preliminaries.
On the track, the Wolverines quali-
(Continued on Page 3)
Starr Tag Sale
Begins Today,
Proceeds TQ Help Educate
Under-Privileged Boys
The Starr Comonwealth opens its
fund drive for under-privileged boys
today with a city-wide sale of tags.
Green-capped boys, all recruited
from the ranks of "Uncle Floyd's
Boys," will be stationed throughout
town and campus to exchange tags
for contributions.
All donations will be applied to the
support of the home for friend-
less boys, founded by Floyd Starr, Al-
bion College graduate, on a hill-top
near Albion twenty-five years ago.
Lauded by Prof. J. Raleigh Nelson,
University Counselor for Foreign Stu-
dents, as a "character factory" and -
"one of the country's finest goodwill
enterprises," the Starr Common-

enior
Senior Cap And Gow Parade
Is Fme Tradition Tiaping Says
By MORTON JAMPEL color movies of the Swingout and
"The fact that Swingout, one of has been displaying them to alumni
Michigan's oldest traditions, came groups throughout the country.
back after five years, indicates that Swingout originated at least a quar-
it is a worthwhile thing," T. Hawley ter century ago, the alumni director
Tapping, general secretary of the Al- said, and anything that old must
umni Association, said yesterday, have some fundamental value. The
Seniors in the "good old days". used same spirit that brought 3,500 stu-
to hold Swingout earlier in the semes- dents to the Interfraternity Sing
ter and then wear their caps and should make Swingout a big success,
gowns to classes every Wednesday, he said.
Mr. Tapping, who will speak at the Mr. Tapping will speak to the sen-
Swingout gathering in Hill Auditor- iors Sunday on getting acquainted

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