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May 20, 1938 - Image 1

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The Weather
Showers today and tomorrow;
Cooler tomorrow in south.
VOI. XLVIxII No. 167 ANr ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MAY 20, 1938

Editorials
The New
Caesarism,..
Memo :
To The Frateritis...
PRICE FIVYE CENTS

i

I - - I

National Strike
Looms As Rail
Unions Battle
Wage Slashes
Congress May Withhold
Government Financial.
Help If Pay Is Reduced
Labor Stand Wins.
Congress Backing
WASHINGTON, May 19.- (A') -
Railroad labor unions served notice
today that a nationwide strike would
be the "only ultimate result if the
roads carried out intentions to cut
wages.
The workers' opposition to the
projected 15 per cent pay cut won
powerful support in Congress, where
a movement developed to withhold
emergency financial aid from the car-
riers uress they agreed to maintain
existing wage levels.
Senate Returns Legislation
At the request of Chairman Wag-
,ner, (Dem., N.Y.) of the banking
c&mmittee, the Senate sent back to
the committee legislation which
would provide federal loans for the
rbads. Wagner said several members
of the committee wanted to change
the bill to prohibit federal loans to
carirers that forced wage cuts.
The Wagner group previously had
approved the bill in its present form
but the New Yorker said the action
was taken before the wage issue en-
tered the picture.
The unions' strike threat was con-
tained in a statement by 'the Railway
Labor Executives' Association that de-
clared: ,
'JIRa ilroads Will Strike'
"If the railroad management in-
sist on going through with their at-
tempt to cut ernployes wages 15- per
cent, the only ultimate result will be
a nation-wide strike.
"The railroad workers of America,
already grossly underpaid, simply will
not accept a wqge reduction of any
kind. They have already been heavy
sufferers from-the railroads' policy of
putting the payment of interest to
wealthy bondholders above decent
living standards for their employes.",
Progressives
Vote Solidly
For ASU Un1io11
Speech, By Kenneth Born
Scans History Of Peace
Strikes On Campuses
The Progressive Club unanimously
voted to affiliate with the American
Student Union, an orgapization rep-
resenting the progressive student
movement, at a nembership meeting
held last night at the 'Union.
Since its formation in 1935. the
ABU has been one of the most im-
portant elements in advancing the
cause of peace, student security, dem-
ocratic education and civil liberties
throughout the country, ( Kenneth
Born, mid-western organizer for the
organization told the Club.
The Peace Strike, held this year on
campuses throughout the country had
three quarters of a million student
participants as compared with 25,000
in 1935, Born said. The founder of

the Peace Strike was Joseph Lash, ex-
ecutive secretary of the ASU. The
peace education work, carried on by
} the ASU, Born said, has helped great-
ly in making students aware of the
threat of war and fascism.
At a time when men like Mayor
Hague can establish themselves as
virtual dictators, when unemploy-
ment is prevalent and relief measures
inadequate, the need for a streng,
united peace movement is obvious.
Born stated. The time when students
regarded themselves as isolated from
the rest of the world is passed, he
added.
MSC Receives $7,200
Gift Of Rackham Fund
EAST LANSING, May 19.-(P) --
The State Board of Agriculture today
accepted a further gift of $7,200; from
the Horace A. Rackham Foundation
of. Ann Arbor for continued research
in undulant fever.
The grant will permit Dr. I. F.
Huddleson, professor of bacteriology
of A in ira Cz+ 0 .1 Onlar s an l .

Weir Asserts
SFDIR Policies
HoldUp Jobs
CHARLESTON, W.Va., May 19.-
W I)-Ernest T. Weir, steel magnate,
advocating a seven-point recovery
program tonight, predicted "men
wanted" signs again would hang on
factory gates if the Roosevelt admin-
istration changed its policies "to aid
and encourage private enterprises.
In an address entitled "This Gov-
ernment-Created Depression," the
outspoken chairman of the National
Steel Corp. suggested to the West
Virginia Chamberof Corpmerce this
program for recovery:
"Restore confidence by an unquali-
fied pledge to retain unaltered the
principles and structure of the Ameri-
can systems of business and of gov-
ernment.
"Declare a permanent policy with
regard to basic economic control.
"Amend tax laws to eliminate puni-
tive and crippling provisions.
"Amend the labor laws so 'they shall
be fair and apply with equal forces to
the employer, all employes and all
labor organizations.
"Remove ° threats of government
competition such as the one over-
hanging utilities.
"Send the Corcorans, the Cohens
and their kind back where they came
from. Cease attacks on business.
Provide a leadership under which all
the people can unite.
"Make the program clear and then
stick to it." A staunch Republican,
Weir added a political note to his ad-
dress by saying: .
"In the coming elections, let us
forget party lines and support those
candidates who demonstrate they un-
derstand and will act for the genuine
fundamental needs of our country."
Suchow, Falls
To JaP Army
In Fierce Fight
Goal Of 'Grand Campaign
More Important Than
,Nanking- To Japanese.,
SHANGHAI, May 20.-(Friday)-.
(1P)-The Japanese army today an-
nounced the completa occupation of
Suchow, the military heart of Eastern
China,
The announcement said Japanese
troops had taken the city late yes-
terday and were "engaged in annihil-
ating remnants of the defeated Chi-
nese army."
Suchow, 330 miles northwest of]
Shanghai, had been the goal of Jap-
an's "grand campaign" in Eastern
China. Strategically, the city was
more important to Japanese armies
than fallen Nanking, once China's'
capital.
Its occupation permits Japanese to
link the conquered northern provinces
with the Shanghai-Nanking area of
the Yangtze River Valley and control
the Chinese seaboard from Manchou-
kuo to Hangchow Bay.
Japanese told of the Suchow victory
in the face of Chinese reports from
Hankow that Such was not imperiled
and that the nearest fighting was atE
Hwangkow, 22 miles to the west.
There, Chinese said, a Japanese at-
tack had been repulsed.
As the announcement was made, a
Japanese military plane took off fromf
Lunghwa Pagoda airfield carrying the
first foreign correspondents permitted
behind Japanese lines since occupa-

tion of Shanghai Nov. 9.
The Lunghai Railway, which
crosses the north-south Tientsin-Pu-
kow line at Suchow, has carried Chi-
nese troops and \men to the central
front.
Kipke Is New
Lions' Director,
Is Unanimously Electedl
To Team's Board
Officials of the Detroit Lions. pro-
fessional football team, revealed yes-
terday the unanimous election to
their board of directors of Harry
Kipke, former Michigan pig-skin
mentor.
In announcing the election, G. A.
Richards, Lions president, declared,
"I have always felt that Harry Kipke.
would be a great asset on our board

Congress Told
To Seek Spirit
Of Cooperation
Litzenberg Stresses Need
Of Friendly Fraternity,
Independent Relations
Awards Presented
At Union Banquet.
Barriers of antagonism now exist-
ent bet\veen fraternity men and inde-
pendents must be broken down in the
interests of better service to all stu-
dents, Prof. Karl Litzenberg of the
English department, faculty adviser
of the Interfraternity Council, de-
clared at the Congress installation
banquet last night in the Union.
Since small, narrow minds are the
only ones to engender this antag-
onism, Professor Litzenberg prophe-
sied the harmonious working of the
two groups as soon as Congress had
established itself numerically as the
true representative of the entire non-
affiliated body.
Making suggestions for future im-
provement and expansion, he advised
Congress to keep its ideals simple
yet high, and few yet important.
Silverman Speaks
Irving Silverman, '38, retiring pres-
ident, was toastmaster and told the
group that next year will be a crucial
one for Congress. Above all, Silver-
man emphasized, Congress must *al-
ways keep in mind its basic ideal-
"the ideal of service, of cooperation,
of bettering therlot of the student
and individual on, the Michigan cam-
pus."n
Robert Kleiner, '38, co-chairman of
the banquet with Silverman, intro-
duced the other guests: Miss Ethel
McCormick, social director of the
League, Betty Jane Mansfield, '39,
president of the Assembly, who
pledged full cooperation of that
group, Prof. Stanley Dodge of the
geography department, and Dn Wil-
liam Brace of the Health Service.
Following the dinner, Kleiner pre-
sented awards to those who had
earned them by their work, this year.
GoldKeys Presented
Gold honor keys were presented to
-Executive Council members. Those
receiving the keys are: William
Barndt, '37, former president; Silver-
man; Phil Westbrook, '40; Marvin
Relder, '39; David Woog, '40; Kleiner;
Robert May, '39E; William Rockwell,
'41; Julius Rockwell, '40; Edward
Page, "39E; Seymour Spelman, '39;
Donald Van Loon, '39E; and Hart-
well.
District presidents, composing the
District Council, who were honored
with silver keys are: Roland Rhead,
'40; Frank Firnschild, '40; George
Gens, '38; Edward Wetter, '39; John
McConachie, '40; Ted Leibovitz, '40;
Walter Stebens, '40; Jack Hoover,
'40; and John Lieneke, '39E.
Silver keys were also presented to
. (Continued on Page 2)
Dynes French Club Head;
Connell Is Vice-President
Forty members of the Cercle Fran-
cais attended the final meeting of the
year, a banquet at the Haunted Tav-
ern, last night. The following officers
were installed, each giving a short
talk in French:
Martha Dynes, '39, president; Mar-
cia Connell, '39, vice-president; Hel-
en Owston, '39, secretary; and John
Stiles, '39, treasurer.

Mussolini Told
France, Britain
Won'tSeparate
Paris Rejects Duce's Plea
For Pact, Making His
Itnglish Accord Useless
France Issues Order
Recruiting 60,000
PARIS, May 19-(A)-France and
Great Britain warned Premier Benito
Mussolini of Italy today they stood
shoulder to shoulder despite efforts
to separate them.
Il Duce's latest demands for sign-
ing an Italo-French friendship agree-
ment were rejected and the byword in
official quarters in Paris tonight was:
"Now it is up to Mussolini; he knows
our answers."
The deadlock in efforts to reach an
accord paralleling the Anglo-Italian
pact of April 16 was pelieved in many
quarters here to have put southern
Europe back under the same war-
clouds that hung over it in the early
part of the year.
Perth Calls Agreement Useless
At the same time, Lord Perth,
British Ambassador in Rome, was re-
ported to have told Italian Foreign
Minister Count Galeazzo Ciano that
the Anglo-Italian agreement was
worthless without an Italo-Fench
accord.
(Cooperation between Britain and
France was strengthened in confer-
ences in London among Daladier and
Pis foreign minister, Georges Bonnet,
and British Prime Minister Neville
Chamberlain and his foreign secre-
tary, Viscount Halifax).
. Il Duce's main demands for sign-
ing an accord with France-and the
replies-were reported as' follows:
Mussoinis Demands
Mussolini: France must close her
Pyrenees frontier with Spain before
Italian troops fighting in the civil war
will be withdrawn.,
The reply: France will close the
frontier only after the Italians leave
Spain.
Mussolini: Italy will conscript
troops in Ethiopia unless France
promises not to recruit troops in her
colonial empire.
The; reply: France refused .and is-
'sued an order recruiting 60,000 ad-
ditional colonial soldiers.
Eaton To Give
Hopwood Talk
Dramatist Will Address
Winners June 1
Walter Prichard Eaton, well known
author and drama expert, will be the
lecturer at the annual announcement
of prize winners in the Hopwood con-
test, Prof. Roy W. Cowden of the
English department, director of the
committee on the contest awards, an-
nounced yesterday.
Eaton, who is at present with the
Yale School of Drama, will speak on
June 1 in the League Ballroom. He is
noted principally for his work in the
field of native American drama and
as a dramatic critic with several met-
ropolitan newspapers. He was one
of the judges of the 1932 Hopwooc
contest.
Eaton will continue a long line of
distinguished Hopwood lecturers, rep-
resented last year by Christopher
Morley.

Beats CIO

Reid And Canning
Selected To Head
Fraternity Council

GOV. GEORGE H. EARLE
* *' *
Pennisylvan ia
Parties Expect
New Deal Fioht
Recent Primary Returns
Make For Clean-Cut Issue
In Approaching Eection
PHILADELPHIA, May 19.-tP)-
Manifest concern in Pennsylvania's
primary election developments by the
high commands of both major parties
marked the state tonight as a pros-
pective major battleground in No-
vember with the New Deal a clear-
cut issue.
President Roosevelt, James A. Far-
ley, Democratic national chairman,
and John D. M. Hamilton, chairman
of the Republican national commit-
tee,, were quick to note the outcome
of Tuesday's record-breaking vote.
On the Democratic slate, Governor
George H. Earle, (above), state com-
mittee candidate backed by Farley,
defeated S. Davis Wilson, Guffey-CIO
backed candidate, in the face for
senator, while Charles A. Jones, com-
mittee candidate, defeated Lieut. Gov.
Thomas Kennedy, supported by the
CIO, Sen. Joseph Guffey and Farley
for the gubernatorial nomination.
Oregon Tests New Deal
PORTLAND, Ore., May 19.-(P)--.
The position of John L. Lewis, CIO
chairman, and the unofficial partici-
pation of a New Deal cabinet mem-
ber and a Senator will receive a test
tomorrow in the Oregon primary elec-
tion.
More than half million Repub-
licans and Democrats will select can-
didates for Governor, short and reg-
ular terms in the United States Sen-
ate, and three conbressmen.
The Democratic' contest for gover-
nor between stocky, white-haired
Governor Charles H. Martin, former
congressman and retired major gen-
eral, and Henry Hess, former state
senator from La Grande, eclipsed all
other races.
State Architects
Convene Today
Members Plan o o Inspect
Graduate School
A meeting of the Michigan Society
of Architects will be held at 2 p.m.-
today followed by a dinner at the
League and an informal evening
meeting to which the alumni of the
School of Architecture are invited.
Included on the program is an in-
spection trip thrdugh the recently
completed Rackham Memorial Grad-
uate School, conducted by William
Kapp, a member of the firm of archi-
tects who designed the building.
Mrs. Wells I. Bennett, wife of the
Dean of the architecture school, will
be at home to wives of the visiting
architects during the afternoon for
tea.
Tom Mooney Film
To Be Given Today
"The Strange Cas of Tom
Mooney," a talking film showing the
story of a man "unjustly imprisoned,"
will be presented by the Ann Arbor
Branch of the American League for
Peace and Democracy at 7:45 p.m.
today at Labor Hall.
This picture, beginning with scenes
from the 1916 Preparedness Day
bombing in San Francisco, shows how
Mooney was convicted for his sup-
posed participation in this incident,

Ernest Goodman, secretary of the
Detroit Lawyers' Guild, will comment
on Mooney's case, and Rev. 'H. P.

Banquet At Union
Honors Meader
On His Retirement
Prof. Clarence L. Meader of the
general linguistics department, who
will be retired at the end of this year's
summer session, was honored at a
banquet held last night in the Union
ballroom.
President Ruthven, speaking at the
close of the ceremonies, stressed the'
fact that the banquet should not be
looked upon as a memorial, but rather
as a fiesta held in honor of an old
friend who was not leaving the
University, bt rather changing his
concentration from teaching to the
scholarly work he loved,
Following President Ruthven's talk,
a wrist watch was presented to Pro-
fessor Meader by all those present
at the affair. Prof. John G. Winter
of the Latin department acted as
toastmaster of the banquet.
Hoyt Trackmen
Expect To Win
Big Ten c'ow
Three Squads Conceded
Chance To Win Meet
At Columbus Tomorrow
By BUD BENJAMIN
(Daily Sports Editor)
COLUMBUS, 0., May 19.-(Special
to the Daily)-Comfortably quartered
in a downtown hotel, Michigan's track
powerhouse awaited the opening gun
of the 38th Annual Western Confer-
ence Track and Field Meet today.
Trial lats in ten events are on the
program for tomorrow beginning at
3 p.m. The finals will commence at
1:45 p.m., Saturday. b
"Beat Michigan" is the cry which
emanates from the nine opposing
camps again this year. The Wol-
verines, odds on favorites to, annex
their second' straight title, have a
typically strong, well-balanced squad.
It will take a real upset to deprive
the Wolverines of their second
straight title.
Three other squads are given a
chance to overtake the undefeated
forces of Coach Charley Hoyt. Wis-
consin,-with strength in the dashes,
pole vault, 880, mile, and two-mile.
seems to be the chief Michigan con-
tender.
Others who are doped- to threaten
are Ohio State and Indiana. The
Buckeyes should pick up firsts in the
100. 220, and high jump with another
five points possible in the 440. In-
diana will gain most of their points
in the distance events-a traditional
Hoosier policy-and is the outside
team in the race.
The entire Conference will be rep-
resented, which is certain to spell
trouble to some of the bigger boys.
The stars from the underdog schools
are 'apt to decide the final outcomc
cf the meet by depriving the favored
outfits of needed points in the var-
ious events.
Michigan breaks traditional policy
this year, Wolverine track teams us-
ually sweep to victory on the strength
of their running power, but the chief
strength of the Hoytmen is in the
field. With Big Bill Watson -vir-
tually certain of three firsts in the
broad jump, shot, and discus, and
John Townsend trailing him with sec-
onds or thirds in the latter two
events, the Wolverines have an edge
which will be hard to conquer.
Then too, there's Jimmy Kingsley
in the pole vault. Kingsley should do
no worse than place second, Mil
(Continued on Page 3)

Delta Sigma Rho
Hears Dorr Today
Prof. Harold Dorr of the political
science department will be the guest
speaker at the annual banquet of
Delta Sigma Rho, national honorary
speech fraternity, to be held at 6
p.m. today at the Union to honor
new members.
Harry L. Shniderman, '38, presi-
dent of organization will serve as

Lundahl, In His Farewell,
Urges All Fraternities
To Present United Front
District Delegates
Chosen At Election
Robert Reid, '39E, Sigma Phi, was
chosen president of the Interfrater-
nity Council at 'the annual elections
held last night. The out-going execu-
tive committee selected Robert Can-
ning, '39, of Chi Phi as the new sec-
retary-treasurer.
Reid, a native of Detroit, was chair-
man of the 1938 J-Hop. Canning
comes from Tonawanda, N. Y. and is
head varsity cheerleader.
.Reid, as president of the Council,
will represent the fraternities from
District 1 on the executive committee.
Representatives elected by the fra.-
ternities from the other districts aree:
Charles Lovett, '39, of Trigon, District
II; Charles Peckinpaugh, '39, of Chi
Phi, District III; Charles Whittemore,
'39E, of Psi Upsilon, District IV; Wil-
liam Farnsworth, '39, of Phi Kappa
Psi, District V.
Alumni Members Named
Alumni members of the executive
committee are: Dean' of Students
Joseph A. Bursley, Prof. Karl Litzen-
berg, Mr. Al Connable and Mr. Charles
W. Graham.
Two members of the new executive
committee were formerly on the coun-
cil staff. This marks the first year
that an effort has been made to put
men on the executive committee who
have gained experienced working as
try-outs on the Council staff, a prac-
tice it is hoped will be continued,
according to Bud Lundahl, retiring
president of the Council.
Candidates Speak
Each of the candidates made a brief
speech to the council of fraternity
represnetatives, introducing them-
selves and their policies and platform
for the coming year. After the victory
of Reid was announced, Bud Lundahl
urged that they houses support him
and present the 41 houses at Michi-
gan as one unit and "so go to town."
The retiring secretary-treasurer is
Roy Frazier, '38, Theta Delta Chi. The
members of the old executive council
are: Francil Anderson, '38, Walker
Graham, '38, Hugh H. Rader, '38,
Thomas McCann, '38 and Bud Lun-
dahl, '38, the retiring president.
T ilom' Opens
Here - esd
Selwart Stars

Actor
Ti"

To Appear Second
I" A n"Abr~ Fri

Valencia Will Withstand Franco,
Wounded Volunteer Maintains

By JOSEPH GIES
Franco's drive to the sea by no
means heralds the end of the Spanish
war, Steve Nelson, former lieutenant-
colonel and second-in-comand of the
15th International Brigade, said in
an interview yesterday.
Col. Nelson, one of the most widely-
known of the American volunteers
HENDAYE, France (At the
Spanish Frontier), May 19.-(/P)
-Rain - drenched Government
and Insurgent troops sparred for
positions today in two mountain
ranges in Eastern Spain. In the
Sierra de Corbalan, 10 miles
northeast of Teruel, Insurgents
attempted to straighten their ea s-
tern front to the sea but found
the way blocked by solidly en-
trenched Government forces.

alist people have something to fight
for," he said. "The peasant knows
that his landlord will return with the
fascists; the worker knows the fac-
tory owner will come back. The people
realize that their struggle against
fascism is the struggle against ex-
ploitation. They know what life was
like under the monarchy, and they
know that their old oppressors are
in the ranks of the enemy."
The Loyalist cause is far from lost
from the military point of view, Col.
Nelson said. "If the Republican army
could get airplanes and ~ artillery in
sufficient quantities it could open a
major offensive immediately," he as-
serted. "The lifting of the American
embargo would be most important for
this reason, and also for its moral val-
ue. If America began sending arms
to Spain the people would feel that

m iiie iii niui Ilr or L ror
Lead In Current Drama
Tonto Selwart, well known in Ann
Arbor because of his appearances here
in last year's Dramatic Festival, re-
will return to star in the second ,play
of the present season, "Liliom," open-
ing Tuesday.
Selwart had the male lead opposite
Beatrice de Neergaard last 'year in
"The Laughing Woman." Support-
ing Selwart in this years piece' are
Otto Hulett, Frederick Tozere, Jus
Addiss, Alan Hewitt, Emmett Rogers
and Barbara Dirks who are now ap-
pearing in "The Ghost of Yankee
Doodle" and William Post, Perry Wil-
son, Marie Brown, Doris Rich and
Rebecca Tarwater who will arrive
from New York to play here.
"Liliom" was written by F'erenc
Molnar, one of the leading Hun-
garian playwrights, and first pro-
djuced in Budapest in 1909. Although
it was not at all popular at first, when
revived 10 years later it was an in-
3tant and overwhelming success. It
was first produced in New. York by
the Theatre Guild at the Garrick
Theatre in 1921 starring Eva La Gal-
liene as Julie and Joseph Schildkraut
as Liliom. It was also an immediate
success here making one of the great
hits of the Guild's early seasons. Since
that ,time it has been played by every
stock company and amateur dra-
matic group in the country.
The word "liliom" is Hungarian
for "lily" but it also is a slang term
for a bully. It'is a play of fantasy

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