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May 03, 1938 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1938-05-03

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The Weather
Cloudy today, showers and
warmer; tomorrow, showers and
cooler.

L r e

3k iguu

. tt1

Editora1s
Milettone;
Or Nwlstone?..

VOL. XLVIII No. 152

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MAY 3, 1938

PRICE CVE VENTS

WarringLabor
Unions United
In Endorsing
Spending Plan
Green And Lewis Behind
LaGuardia =In Backing
Measures For Recovery
Business Leader
Attacks Program
WASHINGTON, May 2. - ()
Leaders of the embattled factions of
organized labor, the AFL and the
CIO found common ground today in
calling upon Congress to approve
lresident Roosevelt's $4,500,000,000
lending-spending attack upon the de-
pression.
Like Mayor a. Guardia of New
York-who proposed the creation of a
permanent congressional "recovery
committee" to submit a program for
action at a special session of Con-
gress-William Green and John L.
Lewis appe~red before the House Ap-
propriations sub-committee to argue
that the extent of unemployx ent
made the President's program nkces-
sary.°
Meanwhile, Chairman Norton (D.
N.J.) of the douse Labor Committee
made public a letter from President
Roosevelt dealing with another part
of the Administration's economic and
social program, the Wage-Hour Bill.
The letter urged that the bill, again
bogged down in the House Rules Com-
mittee, be, brought before the House
by petition. Mrs. Norton arranged to
submit such a petition on Friday, and
Administration leaders were already
at work in an effort to line up the 218
signatures which would automatical-
ly bring the measure to the House
floor.
While Lewis and Green were in
agreement that the appropriations
should be granted,. they differed on
just how many workers were without
jobs. Green said 11,200,000. Lewis
put the figure at 13,000,000 to 14,000,-
000.
"If Congre "hoses to act in ac-
cordance with the President's pro-
gram," said Lewis, "our nation can
again be turped toward economic vig-
or. If Congress fails to act we will
continue to drift in the direction of
economic chaos."
"The gravity of the economic situa-
(Continued on Page 6) ,
Labor Accord
Ho pes V. anish
InAFL'Purge
Six CIO Unions Forfeit
AFL Charters; Dubinsky
Group Alone In Fold
WASHINGTON, May 2. - (A) -
Chances for peace between the Amer-
ican Federtion of Labor and the
Committee for Industrial Organiza-
tion all but vanished toight after
the Federation's executive council ex-
pelled six more CIO unions.
The International Ladies Garment
Workers Union is now the only CIO
unit to retain its AFL charter. The
garment workers are merely under
suspension from the Federation.
The council severed the last con-

nection today between the Federation
and the Amalgamated Clothing
Workers, the Amalgamated Associa-
tion of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers
of North America, the United Rubber
Workers, the United Automobile
Workers, the United Textile Workers
and the Oilfield, Gas Well and Re-
finery Workers.
Three months ago the council ex-
pelled the United Mine Workers, the
Mine, Mill and Smelter workers and
the Federation of Flat Glass Workers..
It is known that the council has
high hopes that the garment work-
ers will return to the AFL.
Green made the following informal
statement as to why the six unions
were expelled:
"The council believed that ample
time had been given to these organi-
zations to consider their future and
present situations. The council pro-
ceeded cautiously and not hastily.
The time has now arrived to relieve
misunderstanding and the charters
should be revoked."

LaFollettes Will Seek Democratic
Party Reins, Prof. Dorr Predicts

Discounts Fears That Progressive Movement May Be
Strong Attempt To Force Roosevelt Away
From New-Found Business Support
By ROBERT I. FITZHENRY
The Wisconsin La Follette's and their National Progressive Party are
unmistakably booming for the presidential slot in 1940 and there's a strong
possibility that they intend riding into the White House astride the Demo-
cratic donkey, P'rof. Harold M. Dorr of the political science departmnent said
in an interview yesterday.

Parley Refers.
Resolutions To
StudentSenate
Recommend Abolition Of
Room Contracts; Seek
Current Affairs Courses
82 Students Present
At Close of Session
A general session Sunday morning
brought the Eighth Annual Spring
Parley to a close by deciding to turn
over to the Student Senate the 27
resolutions finally passed, in the hope
that the Senate would work for the
suggested changes by representing the
student body in dealings with the
University administration, the faculty
and other campus bodies.
Everything from the abolition of
University room contracts to the
establishment of two-week, non-
credit courses on current problems
was passed by the Parley, which
reached the conclusion that our
University is a Milestone arIrd not; a
Millstone, the question posed as the
theme of the annual campus get-to-
gether this year.
A show of hands at the close of the
session revealed that in addition to
faculty members and townspeople
there were present 17 freshmen, 12
sophomores, 30 juniors, 15 seniors and
eight graduate students.
The present executive committee of
the Parley, headed by Barbara Brad-
field, '38, will meet Thursday evening
to select the executive committee for
next year's Parley.
Education
A resolution was passed calling for
short, non-credit courses, on the order
of the Alumni University held in June,
to be instituted by the University with
the subjects chosen by students.
Speakers come to Ann Arbor and de-
liver one lecture without adequately
covering the field, it was felt.
The Parley voiced its approval of
the new honors program and asked
that the principles of that plan be ex-
tended to all departments with jun-
iors and seniors in the literary school
participating if they wish. A joint
faculty - student committee w a s
(Continued on Page 6)
Community Group
Holds Dinner Today
More than 200 faculty members and
townspeople will attend the annual
banquet of the Ann Arbor Community
Fund at 6:30 p.m. today in the Union.
Dr. Ernest B. Harper, head of the
sociology department at Michigan
State College, will give the principal
address on "The Future and Private
Social Service." Walter R. Drury,
president of the Community Fund,
will be the toastmaster.
The chairman and subsidiary of-
ficers for next year's campaign, of-
ficers of the Board of Directors, and
the chairman and vice-chairman of
next year's budget committee also
will be announced at the banquet
meeting.

Anglo-Italiani
Pact Ratified
1I Commons

Professor Dorr discounted the the-.
ory that the Madison movement is
designed simply to scare the President
to the left. The La Follettes, he said,
have embarked on a sincere attempt
at forming a liberal coalition party in
tie United States and they hope to
drape the mantle of the Democrats
over their movement.
It is thought in many circles, he
said, that the President's control of
his party is cracking in the face of
his continued policy of vaccillation.
The La Follettes propose seizing the
wavering leadership and effecting a
clean cleavage between. the liberals
and conservatives of the country driv-
ing the old line Democrats into an in-
surgent movement of their own or
forcing them to coalesce with the Re-
publicans.
Last week was considered a pecul-
iarly propitious time for launching
the neophyte party, Professor Dorr
pqinted out, for a trio of reasons,
President Roosevelt appeared set on
an unalterable tack to yhe right as
evidenced by the Ford interview and
his tax dicussion; the so-called re-
cession was receeding into an ominous
depression; and the Southern Demo-
crats were seriously disputing the
President's leadership of his party.
Professor Dorr remarked upon the
mystic and nebulous character of the
party's "principles of association,"
but charged this to political exped-
iency and conjectured that La Fol-
Churches Keyed
To Secular Needs
Called Desirable
The church should be sensitive to
social wrongs and through its interest
and the interest of its members be-
come a progressive influence on so-
ciety, Frank McCulloch, secretary of
the industrial relations division of the
Congregational Council for Social
Action, told 100 listeners Sunday eve-
ning at the Congregational Church.
Pointing out that the church can-
not expect in a few hours on Sunday
to overcome an economic influence
felt throughout the week, McCulloch
pled for tolerance and understanding
of controversial social problems on the
part of .church members.,
"Drums of war are truly beating in
Washington," the Congregationalist
declared. Although himself dubious
of the value of collective security at
the present time because he feels it
would act merely as a safeguard for
French and British empires and find
its conclusion in another forced
peace," McCulloch asked that differ-
ences on how peace is to be preserved
not obscure the fact thaT1 it must be
preserved.
Freshmen Will Get
ROTC Medals Today
Fourteen freshmen members of
Sthe University of Michigan R.O.T.C.
will receive medals at military review

lette would indubitably have a con-
crete program appearing by 1940.
In its infancy, he said, the party
can ill afford to lay down unalter-
able planks and invite only constit-
uents who comply with rigid condi-
tions of political outlook. The plan
at present is to weld as many factions
as possible together and project a
final program from this political
melting pot.
Coal Institute
To Meet Toda
Many Experts To Discuss
Industry's Problems
The second annual three day con-
ference of the University Coal Utili-
zation Institute will open at 9:15 a.m.
today in the Union. The conference,
offering a series of lectures and dis-
cussions on problems and recent ad-
vances in the coal industry, is spon-
sored by the Extension Service, the
College of Engineering and the Mich-
igan Retail Coal Merchants Associa-
tifn.
The welcoming address keynoting
the 'conference will be delivered by
Dean Henry C. Anderson of the en-
gineering college, andwill be followed
by a similar address by J. E. Tobey
of the Appalachian Coals, Inc., who
will also act as chairman for the day.
Other speakers today will be P. C.
Thomas, vice-president of the Kop-
per's Coal Co.; E. C. Payne, of the
Consolidation Coal Co.; J. M. Pilcher,
of the Battelle Memorial Institute; A.
F. H. Scott, of Anthracite Industries,
Inc.,

Cabinet's Foreign Policy I
Approved 3 To 1. After
Bitter Parliament Fight
Adolph, Duce Meet
To Cement Alliance
LONDON, May 2.-()--The House
of Commons tonight gave overwhelm-
ing endorsement to Britain's new
treaty with Italy by a vote of 316
to 108 capping stormy opposition at-
tacks on Prime Minister Neville
Chamberlain's foreign policy.
Fighting off the onslaughts Cham-
berlain told Commons the treaty
signed in Rome April 16 was a guest
step toward avoiding European war
and left the impression he would at-
tempt to form a similar pact with
Nazi Germany as soon as possible.
A labor motion to renounce the
accord was defeated 322 to 110.
Laborites and Liberals flayed the
Prime Minister because he praised
Fascist Italy warmly as "a new Italy
which under stimulus of the person-
ality of Signor Mussolini is showing
new vigor in which there is apparent
new vision and new efficiency in ad-
ministration."
The opposition laughed when la-
borite Victor Alexander interjected
"and new horrors."
A biting climax to the debate
came as Opposition Leader Clement
Attlee denounced the Prime Minister
saying he could not believe Chamber-
lain "would have put his hand to so
dishonorable a document."
Fiery old David Lloyd George
taunted the government with the as-
sertion that "The Germans are quite
convinced you won't fight and so
am I."
Chamberlain did not mention Ger-
(Continued on Page 6)
Elect Directors
For Wolverine
6 Incumbents Supported;
Choose One New Man
Six incumbents and one new mem-
ber were elected to the board of di-
rectors of the Michigan Wolverine
Cooperative during a turbulent an-
nual meeting held last night at the
group's cooperative restaurant on
South State Street. Of 540 active
members, 242 took part.
Prof. John F. Shepard of the psy-
chology department gave a brief talk
favoring more educational policies
for the organization.
Those re-elected were Thomas Ga-
lanor, '39, John R. Sheibe, Grad.,;
Hugh Downer, '39, Richard W. Mun-
son, '39, Donald R. Murdock, '39, and
Robert V. Rosa, '39. The new member
is Alfred Hafke, '38. The two faculty
edvisers elected are Robert R. ;orner
of the economics department, who is
to serve two years, and Professor Paul
Mueschke of the English Department,
who will serve one.

PROF. HEBER D. CURTIS
, * *
Curtis Delivers
Russel Lecture'
At 4:15_Today
Russel Award For 1938
To Be Given To Faculty
Man For Activities
Announcement of the winner of
the Henry Russel award for this year
will be made today as Prof. Heber D.
Curtis of the astronomy department
delivers the 13th annual Russel lec-
ture at 4:15 p.m. in Natural Science
Auditorium. Professor Curtis will
speak on "Receding Horizons."
The Henry Russel Award, which
has come to be regarded as the local
Nobel Prize, is ,given to an assistant
professor or instructor whose work in
scholarly activities seems to merit
recognition. The lecture, always
given at the time of the presenta-
tion of the award, is delivered by a
faculty member chosen by the Coun-'
cil of the Research Club of the Uni-
versity for scholarly work.
The award, amounting to $250, is
nade possible by a bequest of Henry
Russel, '73, late of Detroit, who left
$10,000 to the University upon his
death.
His will stipulated that the income
from the bequest should be used to
provide additional compensation to
members of the instructing staff.
Say Marriage No Go
Without Lots Of Dough

University Boosts
Budget$0

Over
Russel Lecturer

1937 Total

$6,476,992 Figure Is Set
By Board Of Regents
For 1938_Expenditures
Increase in Student
Enrollment Is Seen
Budgets of the University and the
University Hospital for the fiscal.
year 1938-39 will increase more than
$240,000 over those of the present
year according to figures released
yesterday by Herbert G. Watkins, as-
sistant secretary of the University.
University expenditures for the
coming year will be $6,721,161.64 as
compared with this year's total of
$6,476,992.41, and the cost of operat-
ing the University hospital for next
year will be $2,457,645 as compared
to $2,423,199 this year.
Revenue provided by the state mill
tax allocation amounting to $4,673,-
253.58 will remain unchanged next
y'ear, and the University will look to
an expected increase of $131,000 in
student fees to meet the greatest
share of the increased budget. The
greater amount of students fees is ex-
pected to come from an increased en-
rollment next year, proportional to
the increase of this-year's enrollment
over that of last year's.
Student fees -for next year are esti-
mated at $1,550,000, and miscellane-
ous sources of revenue will account
for the st of the income. The Urii-
versity Hospital is self-supporting.
Approximately one-half of the in-
creased amount of the budget will go
to raise salaries of staff members.
Current and equipment items will
make up the rest of the increase,
President Ruthven said last night.
Recommendations of the finance
committee of the Board of Regents
were approved by the Board at its
regular meeting Friday but announce-
ment of the budget totalling more
than $9,000,000 was delayed.
Czechoslovakia
Seen On Verge
Of Nazi Revolt

University Is Indicted For Inaccurate
GradingAnd Gross Educational Waste

Psychological Research
Shows That Grades May
Differ With Marker
If you have ever felt that you knew
your subject cold, that your bluebook
was worth exhibiting and that your
professor must have been soured on
life when he gave you a C, it ought
to make you feel better to know you
have a legitimate complaint.
For research in the field of educa-
tional psychology indicates that
marking under the present system of
exams is subject to the grossest kind
of errors and. inaccuracies, according
to Joseph A. Kleefuss, instructor in
educational psychology in the School
of Education.
In general, both in high school and
in college, psychological factors ren-
der grades so grotesque and uncertain
a measure that the same paper
marked by equally competent instruc-
tnrc, may bharbvitrarily ratted anv-

standards in evaluating the work.
The research also indicated the av-
erage mark given by the 10 instruc-
tors to the same papers varied be-
tween 65.5 and 85.1. In other words,
on the same quality work in the same
course a student could expect a 20
point higher grade from one professor
than from another.
Within the last year, investgiation
among British civil service examiners
indicates that where the same ex-
pert grades the same examination for
the second time results will vary enor-
mously.
Moreover, one-sixth of the civil
service candidates who pass have pa-
pers no better than the one-sixth who
miss the jobs. The order might easily
be transposed, and if the papers were
to be regraded probably would, he
said.
Indicative of the range which can
be expected are the results of a survey
in which 114 geometry teachers grad-
ed the same paper. Marks varied

Report Reveals That 690
Students Left Because
Of Unknown Reasons
By NORMAN A. SCHORR
Educational wastein the University
set-up was revealed in the discovery
that 690 of the 1,026 students who
withdrew from the literary college
in the school year, 1936-37, did so
because of reasons other than poor
grades or disciplinary action, accord-
ing to study compiled by Mary Bell,
Grad., and recently submitted to the
School and Society magazine by Rob-
ert L. Williams, assistant registrar.
"There seems to be an obvious
waste from the institutional stand-
point," Mr. Williams declared, "in
losing so many students. But from
the standpoint of the student, those
who failed to return may have made
a very wise choice."
The educational report then at-
tempts, solely on the basis of Univer-
sity records, to account for the with-

TUSCALOOSA, Ala., May 2.-(P)---
University of Alabama co-eds believe{
$125 a month is the minimum upon
which a college-educated couple
should attempt to make a go of{
marriage.
A couple could make it onthat in-
come, bolstered by mutual under-,
standing, love and careful budgeting,
they decided at an open forum meet-
ing sponsored by the Mortar Board
honor society.
Picnic Is Sought
For Sophomores
Don Press Named To Head
Committee In Charge
Plans for an all-class sophomore
picnic to be held on Saturday, May
21, gained impetus yesterday when
the appointment of Don Press as
chairman of the committee in charge
was announced by the class executive
council.
At the same time Stan Conrad,
sophomore treasurer, revealed collec-
tion of the 25 cent class dues will
begin today and continue through
Friday. Members of a special com-
mittee will personally solicit the
money, some of which is to be u sed
for the picnic.
CWn tha nienvi. ,committee. the pv.-

Sludeten Cantons Expect.
Armed Aid From Hitler,
ProfessorGaiss Declares
A civil war parallel to that in Spain
may solve the puzzzle of Czechoslo-
vakia's fate, Prof. Aloysius J. Gaiss of
the German department declared in
an interview yesterday.
Professor Gaiss, who motored
through Germany, Czechoslovakia,
Austria, Switzerland and neighboring
countries a year ago, based his stat-
ment on this trip and on a study he
has been making of the German sit-
uation since the World War.
War will probably be started by the
Nazi forces already in existence in
Czechoslovakia among the three and
one-half million Germans, three mil-
lion of whom live within 30 miles
of the German border, he said. Hit-
ler would endorse such action, as in
Spain, by sending troops to aid their
party.
Professor Gaiss cited as evidence of
the pro-German- feelings of 'the
Czechoslovakians' recent celebration
of the 550th anniversary of the
founding of the University of Heidel-
berg which he" attended. The pro-
fessor representing two Czechoslovak-
ian universities gave the Nazi salute
as he said, "Czechoslovakians need
not fear that we will betray them but
we ardently desire to join the father-
land." At this meeting, which inci-
dentally was attended by no Russians,
the Italians literally "praised the
Germans to the skies," Professor
Gaiss said.
Bohemia and Moravia, provinces of
Czechoslovakia, want annexation
with Germany to a large extent, Pro-
fessor Gaiss discovered during his
tour. Centuries ago, the Bohemians
invited Germans to come down into
their country, he said, because they
believed the German culture to be
superior to their own. In addition,
he continued, the typical.German
feels superior to the Czechs.
SRA Director To Speak
In Hindu-Religious Series

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