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April 08, 1938 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1938-04-08

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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$400; by mail, $4.50.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1937-38
NationalAdvertisigSeryce, Inc.
College Publisers Repesentativ
Board of Editors
Business Department
It is important for society to avoid the
neglect of adults, but positively dangerous
for it to thwart the ambition of youth to
reform the world. Only the schools which
act on this belief are educational institu-
tions in the best meaning of the term.
Alexander 'G. R uthven
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Bringing Up /
congress.. .
T HE DAILY has expressed itself in fa-
vor of the admiistration's Reorgani-.
zation Bill. We, the editors, however, believe
firmly in true democracy and we'feel that Walter
Lippmann is correct when he says that there
are two sides to every question. It is with this
note of liberalism in-mind that we publish below,
in the form of an open letter, a dissenting edi-
torial from one of our own staff members.
April 17, 1938
Ann Arbor, Mich.
Dear Congressman:
I demand that you vote against this attempt
to 'establish a Dictatorship in the United States!
As a public servant, elected by the people to up-
hold our Constitution, it is your duty and respon-
sibility to rescue our nation-the last stronghold
of Democracy-from this Fascist threat, the Re-
organization Bill.
Mr. Congressman, do you want to see our
children sent to training camps? Do you want to
see our schools burned? Do you want our rights
and freedom that are guaranteed in the Consti-
tution taken away from us? That is what can
happen if this Dictator Bill is passed!
Ffankin Roosevelt wants too much power! The
American Democracy Club last night found out
that he has a secret agreement with the Fascists!
And what's more, not only will we have Fascism,
we'll have Communism as well! Mr. Congressman,
as an American citizen, whose forefathers fought
so that our nation could be the land of the free
ands the home of the brave, I demand that you
put down this dictator!
If you would read some of our American news-
papers who are fighting against these fiendish
threats to our Liberty and Deiocracy, you
would see how terrible the situation is. Yester-
day, on the front page, a leading newspaper
said: "Guard your liberties! The government re-
organization bill, which would authorize the
President to reorganize the executive and depart-
mental structure of federal government WITH-
GRESS, is before the House of Representatives
for action.
"This bill imposes autocratic powers in the
President and virtually creates a dictatorship.
"It radically changes our form of constitutional

and representative government, and means prac-
tically the death of American democracy."
The same newspaper has always been on the
,watch for any threats to our American rights.
This is just another example of its noble work.
It was it that told me to write to you for the
sake of Democracy, to save the United States
from a dictatorship.
Even Father Coughlin told us, just the other
day, how this was just a step toward Fascism
and how Roosevelt would soon seize the whole
government. He told us what fakes and Reds
these people were who said the bill meant more
efficiency in the government.
Wasn't the government efficient enough for
Washington, Jefferson, and Lincoln and all our
fore fathers? Sure it was! Father Coughlin said
that if the bill is passed, we will all be like the
Germans and Italians.. And you could tell he
meant it too, because, when his mother fainted,
he said, without hesitating, that he would sac-

IyOl' E siness .
T HE ACTION of the Merchants' Asso-
ciation of Pittsburgh in voting to
close their stores for one day in protest against
the Reorganization Bill is a decidedly dangerous
move. The Association states that it hopes the
action will spread to the rest of the country.
People interested in democratic non-violent
methods of government and legislation will sin-
cerely hope it does not.
A general strike on the part of business men
is at least as much to be condemned as a general
strike on the part of organized labor, and or-
ganized labor would doubtless consider such a
demonstration as a precedent for similar activity.
The closing of stores in protest against legis-
lation falls into the same category as the fili-
buster, although more prejudicial in possible
effects. Even in the most extreme contingency,
such a measure must be considered anti-demo-
cratic and contrary to the spirit of representative
When the legislation against which this wea-
pon is used is not only entirely constitutional
in character but a much-needed reform sponsored
by a President who has been given an overwhelm-
ing mandate from the electorate, the action of
the merchants appears in an even more unfa-
vorable, not to say, sinister, light. When labor
conducts a general strike or occupies a plant in
order to gain concessions from employers, reac-
tion raises the cry of communism. Let business
men take care that their own actions are not
interpreted as akin to fascism.
Joseph Gies.
Court Looks
At Reality1
NLRB Status Claified
The recently liberalized United States Supreme
Court is now redrawing the nebulous line between
federal and state authority in an effort to give
the federal government the power to deal with
economic and social problems that long ago
transcended state boundaries.
The conflict over the jurisdiction of the Na-
tional Labor Relations Board is just another
manifestation of the larger question of federal-
state equilibrium. A Supreme Court decision
handed down last month concerning the powers
of 'the NLRB clearly indicates the Court's new,
realistic approach to what is one of the crucial
problems of the day.
A glance at the history of the legislation in
question will help in understanding the recent
developments. On April 12, 1937 the Court up-
held the National Labor Relations Act (the Wag-
ner Act) in the case of the huge Jones and
Laughlin Steel Corporation and refused to recog-
nize the company's arguments that the Act was
in reality a regulation of labor relations and not
interstate .commerce, that federal authority
could not apply to relations with production
employes and that the Act takes property "with-
out due process of law."
The Court cut right to the heart of the matter
and said that workers have a right to organize
and bargain collectively and that an act de-
signed to prevent interference with those rights
was clearly-constitutional.
The majority decision stated that when indus-
tries organize on a national scale "making their
relations to interstate commerce the dominant
factor in their activities" Congress must have the
power to regulate in order to protect interstate
commerce from the paralyzing consequences of
industrial war. The opinion further declared that
refusal to confer and bargain collectively has
been one of the most prolific causes of strife.
But once the constitutionality of the Act was
established (in the case of the Jones and Laugh-
lin Steel Corporation which employs thousands
of men spread over several states), the next log-
ical question was "how far does the jurisdiction
of the NLRB extend?" For a long time the Board
limited itself to cases in which there could be no

doubt that interstate commerce was involved.
However, the Court's decision of March 28
helped to clarify the atmosphere surrounding the
interstate-intrastate fight. Chief Justice Hughes
(supported by four judges and opposed by Mr.
Justices Butler and McReynolds) wrote the ma-
jority opinion.
The case concerned the Santa Cruz Packing
Company of California which cans, packs, and
ships fruits and vegetables. A strike occurred in
the summer of 1935 when the company locked
out some warehousemen who were returning from
a union meeting. The NLRB found the company
guilty of unfair labor practices.
The importance of the case lies in two facts;
first, that there was a one-way flow of commerce
out of but not into the state: second, that only
37 per cent of the company's business was
shipped in interstate or foreign commerce.
The Court stated that injurious action burden-
ing and obstructing interstate trade "may spring
from labor disputes irrespective of the origin
of the materials"'that are sold.
As for the "37 per cent" aspect of the case,
the Court held that the gradual process of inclu-
sion and exclusiop in particular cases will define
"interstate commerce" according to the rule that
"where federal control is sought to be exercised
over activities which separately considered are in-
trastate, it must appear that there is a close and
substantial relation to interstate commerce" to
jusify federal inervention. "This," said the Court,
"does not satisfy those who seek for mathematical
or rigid formulas" or percentage rules.
"it would be difficult to find a case in which
unfair labor practices had a more direct effect
upon interstate commerce and foreign com-
..,,,.,, .. TI -,on W I -AZiAn ,111afa

On Education
To the Editor:
An education should rightly serve two func-
tions, preparing the student (1) for his voca-
tion, and (2) for living-including social culture
and political awareness. This first aim must be
cloaked in so many different contexts that it cari-
not be the subject of a general criticism. The
second, equally important, function is the one
in which our University clearly falls far short
of what is necessary. There are several reasons
which, I think, are responsible for this failure.
Too much emphasis is placed on concentration
programs. Students who haven't yet felt the
need for broader culture are drawn into a narrow
specialization which effects a warping of their
minds. Further, even if a student does fight"
conventional limits and try to educate himself,
he is faced with two further obstacles: the
courses are not integrated to give him a coherent
pattern of knowledge and "tools for thinking":
and, once enrolled in a course, he must-to get
the necessary grades-pander his mind to the
memorization process which is often the whole,
rather than a necessary incidental part, of his
college training.
Those students who don't even come as far as
to try to plan an inclusive education are in an
even worse predicament. They arrive in Ann
Arbor with a bundle of set prejudices. From their
heterogene of classroom experiences these former
ideas may be shattered-but then such students
are just left stranded. Far more frequently, how-
ever, the student, arriving with his preconcep-
tions on both cultural and economic-political
matters, pits his way through four years of patch-
work memorization, "passing" courses in the
sense of "left behind," and leaves with a diploma
-and nothing else. For such students, educa-
tion should at least have resulted in destroying,
unreasoning prejudices and have awakened a
questioning mind, ready and able to think and
discuss logically. These students get only a be-
ginning in English 1 and 2; they need more than
one year's "sitting" to break down twenty years
of careless thinking and slipshod study. Most of
them are left unawakened, English 1 and 2
merely a headache in the dim past.
Other weaknesses, too, prevail. Students keep
within the walls of the classroom all they learn in
economics, sociology, or history courses. And in-
structors often conspire with them to do the
same. So not only are courses unrelated to each
other, they are, in many cases, left unrelated
to the world outside the Economics Building or
Haven Hall. Too frequently, students have to
endure classes under men who are scholars, not
teachers. The University fails in not "officially"
knowing about these cases. Teaching ability as
well as quantity of published manuscript should
enter into the selecting of instructors, espe-
cially for beginning courses:
This is only an abortive list-much more could
be -piled up. My plea is only for a recognition of
these most important issues. More detailed de-
fects, and their remedies, can't be discussed
profitably, however, until these general criticisms
are accepted.
Another On Education
To the Editor:
A well-known individual recently said, "I find
life to be a complete illusion or mirage in the
wholly inexplicable world. The best I can say is
that I have not the faintest notion of what it is
all about. I catch no meaning from all I have
seen, and pass quite as I came, confused and
It is the utter confusion of this type that
is at the base of so many of our difficulties in
the world today. People know facts; they know
what is wrong, but when they come to apply any
remedies, they are so confused by the mass of
facts, that they are forced to rely on prejudices
and emotion rather than reason. It seems to me
that it should be the chief aim of this or any
university to seek to dispel in students some of

this confusion, to give to them an inkling of the
means by which to tackle these problems with
reason. And it is precisely the failure of college
training to do this that is at the root of the
growing dissatisfaction of the students with the
"education" that is being given them.
Behold the average student. He comes to
Ann Arbor fresh from high school, self-satisfied
and full of prejudices and half-formed ideals. He
then begins to sit for four years at this noble
seat of learning. He takes courses, though not
very far, covering a wide range of human knowl-
edge; what correlation there is among them is
left to his own imagination. Many of his ideals
may crumble as he is bombarded with facts and
opinions of others; he reads facts, he hears
facts, he soaks in facts. If he wishes to attain
"scholarship," he memorizes facts, and gives
those same facts back in bluebooks to the same
persons who first gave them to him. If he plays
this game long and well enough, he is hailed
as an honor student; that is the supreme reward
for the premium placqi on a good memory of
the arguments pro and con for the gold standard
or the analysis, as given in lecture, of the causes
of the French revolution.
Now I do not deny the value of facts and the
necessity for a certain amount of memorization,
and I do not say that all courses are open to
this criticism, but I do deplore the overwhelming
emphasis on facts and memorization necessary
to pass most courses. The average instructor
is satisfied to raise and describe the many prob-
lems concerning his subject, but that is all: having
raised the problem, the instructor leaves the stu-
dent to fare for himself. Where is there any
training in systematic thought about those prob-
lesi'? Whf ht o riM a, ca rn +ths tudent

The old ranch on the ridge is being
renovated, and so I'm doing my spring
planting by remote control. That is,
I am making mental beds of bothf
flowers and vegetables. And when I
talk of potatoes I almost seem to see
their little heads popping up from the
good earth. And in my mind's eye
there looms a row of tomato vines,
the frwit already growing red beneath
the sun. And, of course, there will be
corn and carrots, not forgetting mel-
ons and eggplant.
The eggplant is a particularly use-
ful vegetable for a suburban farmer.
It takes a heap of cooking to make an
eggplant food. But it has its uses
even for one who takes no great joy in
chewing so much fiber. The egg-
plant, as it happens, is the favorite
vegetable of the Sunday painter who
wishes to experiment with still life.
The recipe is simple. You take one
orange, two dead fish, a blue vase and
an eggplant. Group them in combina-
tion according to taste, and then get
started on your masterpiece. There
is an old French proverb:-"Corots
are more than carrots." Nor has the
potato been much celebrated by
painters. The eggplant is particular-
ly appropriate, because in addition to
its natural color it has a lovely sheen.
This is a surface which will take a
high light if you know how to paint t.
As yet I have been delaying my paint-
ing as well as my planting. I lack the

Publication in the Bulletin is constructive nottke to all members of the
University. Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President
until 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.




(Continued from Page 2)
building will be open from 10-12 a.m.
and 2-4 p.m. daily and the Graduate
Reading Rooms from 9-12 a.m, and
1-5 p.m. daily.
The hours of opening of the De-
partmental Libraries will also be 10-
12 a.m. and 2-4 p.m.
Sunday Service will be discontin-
ued during this period.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Midsemester re-
ports are due today.
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Courses drop-
ped after today will be recorded with
the grade E. Exception may be made
in extraordinary circumstances, such
as severe or long continued illness.
Students, School of Education:
Courses dropped after today will be
recorded with the grade of E except
under . extraordinary circumstances.
No course is considered officially"
dropped unless ithas been reported
in the office of the Registrar, Room
4, University Hall.
All June Graduates in the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts,
College of Architecture, Schools of

necessary equipment. There is a blue Education, Forestry, and Music,
vase in the house, but I haven't gotIshould fill in grade request cards at
the fish or the vegetables. Room 4 U.H., between April 4th and
~.Those failing to file these cards will
Story Of Fingerlings assume all responsibility for late
Just back of the studio there lies a grades which may prohibit gradua-
little pond, and last year we threw tion. Students admitted to Coftibined
some 300 fingerlings into the icy wa-- Curriculumns, expecting a degree in
ters. My own fear was that this ex- June, need not fill in these cards.
posure might be too severe for such The Bureau has received notice of
little fishes, but the man from the the following Civil Service Examina-
hatchery said they simply adored it. ions:
Having heard certain rumors about Unemployment Claims Examines,
tick 7 } ar7 areixmrl thn~t_ xxrh~n cninu4Uepomn lisEaies

nsn, i ac assume Mar wn
rolled 'round this year my
settlers would constitute a

n sprny; Five Classes. $170 to $455 per month;
300 earlyofI
colony of Opento Men and women; Michigan
; Civil S~ervc xmiain

at least 3,000. But the man must ' 1*
have sold me a lot more sophisticated 2 Secretarial Stenographer (Female),
or less ambitious than usual. There $2460 per year; Minimum age, 25
has been no increase whatsoever in years; Detroit Civil Service Examina-
the population of the pond. On the tion.
contrary, I have been unable to locate Senior Stenographer (Female),
a single perch, bass or pickerel. I $1860 per year; Detroit ,Civil Service
thought I saw a bullhead, but even Examination.
he turned out to be a dead twig. The Electric Crane Operator, Salary at
settlement with all its people has dis- prevailing rate; Detroit Civil Service.
appeared from the waters under the Senior Mechanical Engineering
earth as mysteriously as the Cavalier Draftsman, (For duration of Sew-
colonists who first tried to find aIage Disposal Project) $2460 per
home in Virginia. And this more ' .
recent tragedy can not very well be year; Detroit Civil Service Examina-
ascribed to the Indians. tion.
Possibly it was not sloth and race (The two stenographic positions
suicide which cleared the pond of liv- must be applied for by April 8, 1938).1
ing creatures. They may have fallen For further information, please call
victims of their own ferocity in some at the office, 201 Mason Hall, during
lakewide encounter. In other words, office hours, 9-12 a.m. .and 2-4 p.m.
they tried to live by eating each other. University Bureau of Appoint-
Still, this theory buckles down because ments and , Occupational In-
of the fact that even in the general mformation.a
encounter the biggest fish should still
remain, rrmtait4il fir f roi

Courses offered in Decorative Design:
D.D.2, Principles of Design.
D.D.4, Theory of Color.
1 D.D.5, Pattern Design.
D.D.31, Advanced Design in Color.
Students interested in this work
should consult Professor H. A. Fowl-
er, Decorative Design Department,
(345 Arch Bldg. Advanced work in
interior and furniture design, D.D.
61, will be given by Professor C. B.
Troedsson. Those interested in this
course should inquire at the office of
the College, Room 207.
Events Today
University Broadcast, 3-3:30 p.m.
University of Michigan Summer Ses-
sion of 1938. Louis M. Eich, Associate
Professor of Speech, Secretary of the
Summer Session.
"Is the Bible the Word of God?"
will be the topic of Dr. W. P. Lemon's
ILecture this afternoon at 4:30 p.m. in
the Social Hall of the First Presby-
terian Church, 1432 Washtenaw Ave.
This is the last Lenten lecture of a
series on "How to Know the Bible."
Bowling: The bowling alleys at the
Women's Athletic Building will close
on Friday, April 8 at 6 p.m., and re-
open on Monday, April 18 at 4 p.m.
Reservations for groups who wish
to bowl during the vacation may be
made by calling Barbour Gymnasium,
extension 2132.
Coming Events
University 'Club: There will be a
meeting of the members of the
University Club on Monday evening,
April 11. On April 11 and 12 the Con-
ference of the Deans. of the Liberal
Arts Colleges in State Universities of
the Middle West will be held. The
Club night on Monday is in honor of
the visiting Deans, who will be escort-
ed, after their dinner at the Union,
through the new quarters of the
University Club in the Union. They
will then be received at the Club. All
members are cordially invited to meet
the Deans of the various Universities.
University Broadcast, Sunday, April
10. 9-9:30 a.m. Class in Hymn Sing-
12:30-1 p.m. The Baird Carillon.
Wilmot F. Pratt, Carillonneur.
Faculty Women's Club. The An-
nual Luncheon will be held Wednes-
day, April 20 at one o'clock in the
Michigan League Ballroom. Reserva-
tions should be made with Mrs Clark
at the League not later than 10 a.m.,
Tuesday, April 19.
Students remaining in Ann Arbor
and wishing to observe Seders on
April 15 and 16 are urged to notify
the office of the Hillel Foundation.
Ann Arbor Friends will hold their
regular meeting for worship Sunday
at 5 p.m. at the Michigan League.
Due to spring vacation, program
meetings will be suspended until fur-
ther announcement, but meetings for
worship will be held weekly as usual.
All who are interested are welcome.
Roger Williams Guild. All Baptist
students returning to campus ,n
Sunday, April 17, please remember
the Guild program which will ire giv-
en at 7:30 p.m. and will consist of an
Easter Drama dixected by Mrs. Mabel
Young. There will be three scenes.
"The Home in Jerusalem," "The
Women at the Tomb," and "The
Morning of the Resurrection." The
usual social hour with refreshments
will follow.
First Congregational Church, corn-
er of State, and William..
10:45 a.m., Service of Worship.
Continuing his series on "What Is
This Christianity?" Dr. Leonard A.
Parr will preach on "A Kingdom."
Miss Lois Greig will sing the soprano

solo, The Palms."
3 p.m., The Pastor's Training Class
will meet in Pilgrim Hall.
Holy Week:
The First Congregational Church
will observe Holy Week with special
services on Wednesday and Thursday
nights. There will be a public service
in the church on Wednesday evening
at 7:30 p.m. with special music by
Miss Lois Grieg, soloist, and Miss
Mary Porter, organist. The pastor,
the Reverend Leonard A. Parr, will
give an interpretation of Francis
Thompson's 'The Hound of Heaven."
At 7:30 on Thursday evening, a
beautiful Candlelight Service will be
held. Miss Lois Greig will sing the
"Ballad of the Master and the Trees."
On Good Friday ,the church will join
in the community three-hour service
at the First Methodist Church. Dr.
Parr is to give one of the messages
at that service, speaking on "The
Magnetism of the Cross."
First Presbyterian Church, 1432
Washtenaw Ave. 10:45 a.m., "Out
of the Depths" will be the subject of
. Dr. W. P. Lemon's last Lenten ser-
s mon of a series on "Moderns and
Miracles." The Student Choir under
the'-direction of Miss Claire Coci and
the .Tioir C'hoir under the leader-

Herons Provide Clew
However, there may be an orni-
thological explanation of the mystery.
Just before sunset yesterday I saw a
pair of blue herons trundling their
heavy bulk across the surface of thet
water. They seemed almost Alder-
manic in their proportions, and they
flew after the fashion of a gentle-
man and a lady who had dined well1
at some seafood place. And so it
seems that I must surrender domain
over my lake to the birds of the air.
I must get back to the good earth
and gardening. And if until now I
have been reluctant about getting
down to spade work the explanation
is easy. Hereabouts the good earth
isn't really very good. In fact, it's
attitudes toward contemporary prob-
lems are still settled mainly on the
basis of his old prejudices; he is open
to the same waves of propaganda as
the untrained citizen; in fact, it is
often hard to tell a college graduate
apart from the average person. Wit-
ness the attitude of the majority of
students toward such subjects as the
New Deal or communism; they don't
oppose them on the basis of reason
but rather of emotion. The innu-
merable facts they once learned about
these subjects in classes have bounces
off the hard inner shell of prejudice
that college training has failed tc
break down. Lacking the fundamen-
tal tools of analysis, they cannot at-
tack these subjects with much greater
ability than the average citizen; ii
they are able to do so, it is due tc
their own innate abilities rather than
their college education.
What, then, is the way out? In the
first place, the University should seek
to employ more teachers rather than
experts-teachers who are interested
more in training the student than ir
studying some technical branch of
the subject. Secondly, there shoul
be a deemphasis of facts, memoriza-
tion, and bluebooks. Teach the stu-
dent to think rather than to mimic;
teach him to act rather than to sit.
Finally, and most important of all,
give the student the fundamental
methods and means of analysis of
problems. Cease handing out facts
in the name of "education" on a silver
nlatter. give him the nower to mold

eInui ng the installation of a new j
lift, there will be no passenger ele-!
vator service in, the General Library
for the next few weeks.
First Mortgage Loans: The Univer-
sity has a limited amount of funds
to loan on modern well-located Ann
Arbor residential property. Interest
at current rates. Apply Investmentf
Office, Room 100, South Wing,
University Hall.
Michigan Wolverine: The Michigan
Wolverine Student Cooperative, Inc,
will continue to serve meals through
the Spring Vacation period. The
serving hours will be as follows: 12 to
12:30 and 6 to 6:30. No breakfast
will be served from Monday, April 11,
to Sunday, April 17, inclusive. Spe-
lial arrangements are being made so
that the Wolverine's facilities will be
available to all University students
luring this period.
Students wishing to work for their
Seder meals please contact Dr. Hel-
ier at the Hillel Foundation.
Academic Notices
Architecture: Summer School
The film "Golgotha," shown at the
.irst Methodist Church last night, is
the story of the Christ-life. It shows
pictorially, and to the accompani-
anent of emotionally stimulating mu-
sic, Christ's entry into Jerusalem and
His subsequent fate. In entity, it
vas a repetation of "King of Kings,"
of several seasons back. It was all
there: The Last Supper, Judas' kiss,
the crown of thorns, Jesus carrying
the crucifix.
The most remarkable thing about
the picture was that there was a mere
suggestion of the Christ-love. Most
of the scenes depicted the Jews howl-
ing to the Pilate for His crucifixion.
One horrible sceneshowed the Jews
at the window of Jesus' prison urging
the whip on Him, chanting in rhythm
to the lash. "one-two, one-two.",

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