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April 03, 1938 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1938-04-03

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The Weather
Partly cloudy and warmer to-
day; tomorrow fair and warmn-
er.

Y

Sir igau

DaiI1w

Editorials
Leather Jackets m. .
'We'll Keep 'Em Out ..

a

VOL. XLVIII. No. 135

AN14 ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, APRIL 3, 1938

PRICE FIVE CENTS

One MillionDepend

On Utility

Strikers
Supply

German Loyalist Commander
Still Sees Government Victoryi WhIte House iompromise
S'Offered o Insure Passage
..{j: . Reorganization Bill

For

Power

Saginaw Valley Workers
Maintain Service After
Seizure Of Six Plants
Murphy Will Hold
Conference Monday
JACKSON, April 2.-{R'}-Upwards
of 1,000,000 Lower Michigan residents
were dependent tonight on striking'
workers of the Consumers Power
Company for electricity or gas.
The populous Saginaw Valley,
twice plunged into darkness in the
past year by shutdowns ordered by a
Committee for Industrial Organiza-
tion union of utility workers, wit-
nessed an unusual strike in which the
strikers continued working to main-
tain service unimpaired.
Gov. Frank Murphy, who last sum-
mer warned the workers that "the
state will not tolerate" further pow-
er interruptions, hastened back from
a Florida vacation to confer with
representatives of the Company and'
the utility workers organizing com-
mittee in Detroit at 10 a.m. Monday.
Albert Stonkus, T.W.O.C. Director
in charge of the groups which last
night seized four power stations and
two gas plants, pledged "no interrup-
tion of service-not before we have
had a conference with Governor
Murphy."
The strike proceeded peaceably at
all points today, with dwindling pick-
et lines guarding closed gates at the
plants from which foremen and com-
pany officials were ousted. "Flying
squadrons" of the CIO-affiliated
United Automobile Workers aided
the U.W.O.C.. members in picketing
duties at the huge power "bottle-
neck" plant at Zilwaukee, near Sagi-
naw, where switches control the flow
of power from Au Sable river dams
to distributinq lines serving a popu-
lation of 400,000.I
U.W.O.C. leaders ordered the strike1
after the break-up of 1iegotiations
with company officials here yester-
day afternoon. A company state-
ment said the CIO union demanded
wage incerases; Stonkus said "our
only demand" was guarantee against
wage cuts and of renewal of a work-
ing agreement.
Complicating the company's posi-
tion are claims of three competing
unions that each represents a ma-
jority of the nearly 6.000 employes.
The Independent Power Workers'l
Association and the American Fed-
eration of Labor Electrical Workers'
Union each has petitioned the Na-
tional Labor Relations Board for anf
election to determine a bargaining
agent.

Morgenstern
Fears Slump
MaySpread
By ROBERT MITCHELL
SPossibilities for a world economic
betterment lie in the balance while
Great Britain considers the proposal
for reciprocal tariff reductions re-
cently made by Secretary of State
Cordell Hull, Dr. Oskar Morgenstern,
prominent Austrian economist, de-
clared yesterday.
Dr. Morgenstern, who is professor
of economics at the University of
Vienna and a member of the League
of Nations committee, will give a
university lecture at 4:15 p.m. to-
morrow in the Natural Science Audi-
torium on "Social Science in Eu-
rope."
"The negotiations with Great Bri-
tain," he said, "represent the first
reciprocity to a major nation. If the
barriers and restrictions to trade set
up by tariffs of these two countries
can be broken down, the world will
not only have the example of two
major nations in cooperation, but will
have a definite impetus toward the
conception of economic conditions
and trade on an international scale.
Dr. Morgenstern pointed to the
benefits of the reciprocal tariff agree-
ments received by smaller countries
which have gained by the "Most-
favored nation" clauses, giving all
countries the same rights of tariff
terms as those of the signatory coun-
tries. This has led to trade contracts
for these small countries, he said,
which they would not be able to bar-
gain for by themselves, and shows the
importan c 'of leadership by the big
nations in world cooper ation.
Asked about the possibilities for the
development of a world depression,
Dr. Morgenstern replied that such a
situation depends on the duration and
severity of the present United States
depression. The recession is at pres-
ent strictly American. he said, and
has not yet been noticeably trans-
mitted to othcr countries.
Stutdent Semite
Hears Housing
Report Tuesday
Name Three Proelors
l'rev a 'nI In I 9wel in

Clauses Get Pollock's Approval
Describes Michigan Law diminution of the classified service
As ace-iiuaker Amlonoythg expensive administration of some
The Civil Service Statutes New Deal legislation," he declared.
Professor Pollock advocates the{
Prof. James K. Pollock of the po- adoption of the present reorganiza-
litical science department in a radio ! tion bill because he believes it will

f
f

4i
Reory- imaZtAlOn. llpti..vi.rWv Upr;.t

With shovels and picks replacing their guns, these Loyalist soldiers
captured by Insurgents on the Aragon front, are shown at Belchite. It
is on this front that Robert Cummins, '37, is believed to have fallen into
the hands of Rebel troops.
Gustav Regner, Volunteer In Spanish Army, Cites
Increased Enlistment And Independence Of
Soldiers As Bases For Further Hope

As Generalissimo Francisco Franco cut a yet deeper swath into Govern-
ment territory a new note of optimism kor the Loyalists was sounded
yesterday in Ann Arbor by the wounded commander of the 12th Spanish'
Government regiment, Gustav Regner, German volunteer, novelist, and
former secretary to the German dem- -- -
ocratic party, who was feted by a '
group of University professors during Oil C o panie
a stop-over here.
Herr Regner appeared undismayed P p
by the latest Franco advances and Court
told the Daily last night the present
situation was not as serious as the Tilt itM exico
first Insurgent advance on MadridX
in November, 1936. He pointed to the
Loyalist soldiers' frantic attempts , .
to get back to the Government lines! Officials Of 17 Americ.l
rather than accept the security of the And British Firms Pln
French interior, after they had fleds
across the Pyrenees to prevent cap- UIlnCO ilsti hitiOnalit' Plea
ture by the Insurgents. He cited the
20,000 troops who have enlisted in the MEXICO CITY, April 2.-(/P)-An
Government forces during the last appeal to the Supreme Court em-
two weeks. He contended that the bracing 22 charges of constitutional
Loyalist cause was far from lost. violation was drawn up today by

address yesterday cited 1937 as a
boom year for civil service lawmaking,
praised the new Michigan law as a
pace-maker in the field of merit leg-
islation and urged adoption of the
civil service provisions of the federal
reorganization bill as a necessary
measure to secure "positive benefits"
of the merit system. He called at-
tention to the decadence of civil serv-
ice in many states and the need of
strong public support for reappraisal
and revision of these systems. Civil
service, he described as a powerful!
weapon against fascism.
It is necessary to add the merit
system to county and local adminis-
tration to salvage them from an al-
0mostimminent absorption by a more
efcient jurisdiction, Professor Pol-
lock declared.
Professor Pollock pointed out that
the new Michigan system promises
to be one of the most efficient ever
inaugurated by any state. Tremen-
dous difficulties are being met in
clVnging from a spoils system sanc-
tioned by a century of operation to a
modern, business-like system of per-
sonnel administration, he pointed out.
Nevertheless, the Michigan system
is proving to be outstanding largely
1-iooin.f n lnrni rpnuir ~flment.

correct this situation and put fed-
eral service on a higher plane than
ever before. Its principal provisions
are to put all buU policy-determining
positions on a merit basis, replace the
present commission with a director
and an advisory board, and raise sal-
aries considerably.
The federal service has been only
good in a "negative sense" he de-
clared. It prevents the worst features
of the spoils system but it does not
secure the positive results of a mod-
ern personnel system, and therefore,
Professor Pollock believes the pres-
ident's proposal should be enacted
and given a chance to show "what it
can do."
Kasley, Haynie
Shatter Records
In D.A.C. Meet
Breastroke Champ Cracks
World Mark For 100;
Tomski Winner In 59

Concession Terms Offered
After Opponents' Success
In ProlongingOf Debate
Move To Hasten
Bill Through House

t
t

Commander Regner left Spain last
December after five months in the
hospital where he suffered from nine
wounds. In America he has been
staying with the Ernest Hemingways
in Key West.
Hope was held out for the Ameri-
cans captured in Spain, by the com-
mander, who was doubtful that Fran-
co would shoot Americans, although
the Insurgents, he said, make shortf
work of the German, .Italian and
Polish volunteers whom they capture.
He urged students to petition thej
State department in behalf of thel
Americans. pointing out that a Wash-
ington note to Franco would be simp-
ly a "request" and could be no means
be interpreted as "intervention."
"If our forces can hold for one
month longer and if the democracies
will repeal their neutrality embar-
goes," Herr Regner said. "the Insur-
gent forces will be cleared out of
Spain."
. ooei ,Seeks
' 7 _7Yif

foreign oil company executives seek.,
ing to regain their $400,000.000 prop-
erties expropriated by the Govern-
ment.
Officials of the 17 American and
British companies taken over by Pres-
ident Lazaro Cardenas said they
would ask the Supreme Court Mon-
day to declare his March 19 decree
unconstitutional on grounds which
included:
That article 27 of Mexico's consti-
tution authorizes expropriation of
land and water only; whereas they
lost their tools, plants and equip-
ment.
That the companies were deprived
of their properties without due legal
procedure.
That no indemnification was paid
at the time of the expropriation.
That the properties expropriated
were not designated beforehand in
accordance with law.
That a government monopoly in
petroleum was set up in violation of
Article 27 of the constitution.
In addition to the Supreme Court
appeal, the officials said they would

oecase z aoiaKCLrequremun
for qualifying examinations for alA2
employees, new and old, and a "care- to the Daily)-Michigan swimmers
fully prepared compensation plan went on a record-breaking rampage
under which employees are securing here tonight, smashing a world, an
equal pay for equal work and are American and a State A.A.U. mark.
not being underpaid or overpaid de- Swimming alone, Jack Kasley, vet-
pending on their political connec- eran breast-stroke star, shattered
tions." John Higgins' 100-meter breast-
Due to the expansion of the federal stroke mark, covering the distance
government in the past five years in 1:08.6. Kasley, getting a fast start,
without a corresponding increase in "butterflied" all the way and gave
the civil service, Professor Pollock a convincing exhibition. His is a new
said, the percentage of employees in world mark.
the classified service has dropped "Tireless Tom" Haynie, captain-
from 80 per cent to 60 per cent. "This elect of the Michigan Varsity, dem-
-- - - - - -~.--.- onstrated. his versatility by setting a
new American record of 1:34.7 for
Li the 150-yard ndividual medley relay.
hHaye turned in a sensational race,
his time being nearly three seconds
To peak Here faster than the old record of 1:37.2
previously held by Wallace Spence
of the New York Athletic Club.
ChineseArtA To Be Subject Long Walt Tomski, Varsity sprint
star, shattered an ex-Wolverine
Of Von Heine-Geldern mainstay's 50 yard free-style mark
beating his frosh teammates Charles
Dr. Robert Freiherr von Heine- Barker and Jim Welsh in 0:23.2. This
Geldern, of the University of Vienna, surpasses Michigan Paul Samson's
will give a University lecture on "The old mark of 0:24.1, and tied the time
Pre-Buddhistic Art of China and In- in which Ed Kirar won the National
do-China and Its Influence in the Collegiate title last week.

WASHINGTON, April 2.--(/P)-Ad-
ministration lieutenants, reputedly
with President Roosevelt's consent,
proposed a compromise on the Gov-
ernment's Reorganization Bill today
in an effort to save that bitterly-
fought measure from threatened
House defeat.
Even some opponents of the Bill
said the decision of Administration
leaders to. compromise made passage
of the measure probable.
"The chances of passage have been
improved" said Representative Mapes
(Rep., Mich.).
Republican Leader Snell of New
York said the opposition would at-
tempt to "cut the bill to ribbons,"
but that passage in some form was
likely.
Democratic supporters of the leg-
islation agreed with Speaker Bank-
head that the fight was "al over"
The compromise would give Con-
gress the right to veto Presidential
reorganization orders by a simple ma-
ority ballot. As the bill now stands,
a two-thirds vote of both houses
would be necessary to block such or-
ders.
The concession on this point, and
another which would keep the Ed-
ucation Bureau in the interior De-
partment, followed success for oppon-
ents of the bill in stalling off any
attempt to end debate.
Terms of the comprorpise were an-
nounced to a packed and wildly
cheering House by Rep. Warren
(Dem., N.C.), a member of the special
Reorganization Committee. Reliable
persons said his declaration was de-
cided upon after House leaders had
conferred by telephone with President
Roosevelt, who has been vacationing
at Warm Springs, Ga.
This is what the compromise on
Congressional overruling of executive
orders would do: give Congress the
right, within a 60-day period, to ac-
cept or override a Presidential reor-
ganization order by adopting a reso-
lution which would not require the
President's signature to become effec-
tive.
Kennedy Is Here
Tuesday In Last
Oratorical Event
Thinks Paganism Opposes
Christian Democracy In
Present World Line-Up
John B. Kennedy, radio commen-
tator, editor and journalist who wll
speak here Tuesday in the last pro-
gram of the Oratorical Association
Course, believes that paganism and
Christian democracy ar;;'he two ideas
in government which bow stand op-
posed throughout the world.
"We are not," Mr. Kennedy has
said, "on the brink of revolution. The
revolution is over. What remains is
the development of a governmental
technique which will satisfy the de-
mands of the workers and at the same
time guarantee to capital a profitable
return commensurate with the risk it
has taken."
Mr. Kennedy feels that this process
will undoubtedly take generations and
will never be accomplished by the
sword. He says that "within 100
years man has revolutionized the
entire world but he has been too
greedy to revolutionize himself." He
believes that if the nations of the
world spent one-third as much time
being business men as the spending
on "futile discussion of disarmament"
there would be a new crusade for
world commerce that would be build-
ing a new world of democracy.
Hillel Foundation Forum
Topic Youth's Prospects

Dr. J. D. Folkman, of Grand Rapp

I

Testimony on Ann Arbor housing
hulrcells1 o ;conditions by Dr. Warren E. Forsythe
director of the Health Service, Prof.
I O XT John F. Shepard of the psychology
11 UDservance department and Dr. Edward W.
Blakeman, counselor in religious edu-
Of Com m union",wil"bere into the records
j at the Student Senate hearing Tues-
day night at the League. It will be
Rev. H. P. Marley's Ninth the first step by the all-campus body
th get o Letat the facts in the rooming

1

Pacific." at 4:15 p.m. Tuesday in the
Natural Science Auditorium. The
lecture will be under the auspices of
tha I tit te of Fine Arts.

tou t ransfeer iteion the Department of National
E rnmv fnr administrative revoca-

Ann Arbor Anniversary
Is Unitarian Highligi
An interdenominational celebra-
tion of Holy Communion and the
ninth anniversary of the Rev. H. P.
Marley in Ann Arbor are the special
events planned by the churches for
today.
The Rev. Harold P. Marley will be-
gin his tenth year in the pulpit of the
Unitarian Church this morning. The
subject of his sermon, "Religion May
Be Real," is parallel to his first one,
here "Reality in Religion." The serv-
ice begins at 11 a.m.
The Liberal Students Union will
meet at 7:30 p.m. in the Church Li-
brary to hear Dr. Edgar G. Johnston,1
principal of University High School,
speak on "The Conflicting Trends in1
Secondary Education."
The interdenominational H o 1 y
Communion service will be held at
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church at 8
p.m. It is being sponsored by the
Ministerial Association of Ann Arbor'
and the Interguild Student Groups of
the city churches. The call to wor-
ship and psalm will be given by the
Rev. William P. Lemon of the First
Presbyterian Church. the Rev Leou)
ard Parr of the First Congregational
Church will read the scripture text
and the Rev. Henry Lewis of St. An-

enigma.!
An attempt is being made to sur-
vey the situation completely and
any relevant information will be
heard, Allen Braun, '40. chairman of
the Senate Committee on Student
Housing, pointed out yesterday. All
organized groups affected by the
housing issue have been requested to
aid inclarifying the situation.
The 32 members of the Student
Senate will meet at 4:30 p.m.
Monday in Dean Joseph A. Burs-
ley's office to discuss the room-
ing situation.
At the hearing Dr. Blakeman will
present a general background of
the housing problem, Dr. Forsythe
will be asked to give information con-
cerning the sanitary angle and Pro-
fessor Shepard will testify on general
rooming conditions.
Representatives of the LandladiesI
Association, Ann Arbor banks and the
Realtor Association have been invited
to appear, and delegates from campus
cooperative rooming organizations
are scheduled to report on the cost
of such accommodations.
Fiitl ners Acquiw4ed
Of Inlimidatioji Charges
HARLAN, Ky., April 2.-(IP)-A
group of union coal miners were ac-

tion of the Cardenas decree. Dr. von Heine-Geldern is an au-
Proposes Debt Payment 1.Meanwhile, the peso improved in thority on ethnology, anthropology,
By Sld L ExlIview of the United States Govern- and the perhistoric archaeology of
__i_____t Xe lfnge ment's recognition of Mexico's right India, east Asia and Oceania. His
WASHINGTON, April 2.-/R)-A to expropriate foreign-owned prop- publications on these subjects are
fund of $140,952,766 would be pro- erty and its willingness to see the well-known to students of the an-j
vided for the exchange of students companies' claims scaled down. thropology of Asia
between the United States and Eu-
rope if a proposal advanced by ex-
President Hoover were adopted, some Ihindu Monk' To Discuss Relhgion
officials said today.
In a speech Thursuay night at New Here Today And Tomorrow
York, Hoover proposed that countries
which owe this Government relief- -
debts be permitted to erase them from Dr. Mahanan lBrata Bralimachari,
Uncle Sam's books by depositing in Hindu monk who is touring the Unit-
their own banks an equivalent amount e s ois wayack to India,
of money to finance a wholesale ex-s his way b>cd to 'nia,
change of students and professors will speak here today and tomorrow
bhane sudets and trofUnited on the customs and eligions in his
between themselves and the Uie countr'y.
States. Atty.m
Relief debtors are distinct from At the inter-faith symposium a
war debtors. They are countries to p.m. today, Dfr.Brahmachari with
which this Nation extended aid and Prof. Edgar Dufee of the law school
sold food and other supplies on credit I and Dr. Bernard Heller, director of
after the World War.I the Hillel Foundation, will discuss,
fterials said or p"International Religion and the Na-4
Officials said Hoover's proposal toa tt '
would obviate the objection some such 'tionalndtate."
debtors have mmade to paying their',"Ghandi and India Today" will be
debts: namely, the difficulty of gh-r the topic for Dr. Brahmachari's talk
let:nmltedfiut fgt at .z buffet supper for foreign stu- s
ting dollars with which to pay us,
Officials said ten countric ;would dent s I omiht, att the Union, At a
be involved ---Amnenir (now Turkey kc n ui e d yo
Austria (now Germany), Czechoslo- willspek on "The Hindu Caste Sys-
vakia, Esthonia, Finland, Hungary, tem," and at 4:15 p.m. at Lane Hallr
Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Rus- on "Ghandi and India Today,"again.

i
5
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i
.

Professors Run
In Spring Poll
Tomorrow's Vote To Settle
15 Local Contests
Surprisingly heavy campaigning
during the last few weeks is expected
to result in a strong turnout;tomor-
row when local voters go to the polls
to settle 15 contests. Polls will remain
open from 7 a.m. to 8 p.m. in all pre-
cincts.
Of the 31 candidates seeking office,
three are faculty men. Prof. Ralph
W. Hammett of the architecture
school is seeking reelection as alder-
man from the fifth ward; Prof. John
E. Tracy of the Law School is run-
ning for alderman in the sixth ward
and Prof. George C. Benson of the
public administration department is
a candidate for supervisor in the
same ward. Wilfred B. Shaw, direc-
tor of Alumni relations, is not seek-
ing reelection as sixth ward alder-
man.
In the first and seventh wards, Re-
publican candidates for supervisor
and aldwrman are unopposed. Other
wards will choose an alderman serv-
ing a two-year term, a supervisor
serving one year and a constable
holding office for one year.
City clerk's office will remain openj

,V

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