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March 26, 1938 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1938-03-26

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The Weather
Showers and colder today;
tomorrow fair, rising tempera-
ture.

L e

Lit iau

Daii

*Editorials
French Journals
In The~ Libray...
Tennessee River:
Valley Of Darkness ,. .

VOL. XLVII. No. 128 Alm ARBOR, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, MARCH 26, 1938

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Sanitation lIn
Eatin Places
Termed Better,
By University
Opposition To Health Law
Not Likely To Develop,
Daily Survey Indicates
Bacteria Count Is

On Cliche Expert Rides Again;
McCarthy McBergen Listens In,
V, oast-To-Coast, OnT rThe Air ing in America's smartest dining and
Mr. McBergen On A Tear dancinghclube . . "In the heart
Of Phrases Hardly Rare of downtown New York, San Fran-

Senate Makes
Two Further
. Tax Changes
Estate And Gift Levies Cut
Out Of House Measure
By t" .n ance Committee

u .a a a ..a a.a v vv .. . ..... a, .. ...,.. a ,....... ._ .,. !

By ROBERT I. FITZHENRY I
Somebody dusted of Cliche Expert
McCarthy McBergen again yesterday,
and the Civil Glibberties head breezedI
into the Daily office with a bagfull
24 karat radio expressions all guaran-
teed 100 per cent hackneyed. Mc-
Bergen was in "fine fettle" and an in-

i
k
'k
1
,.

terview got under way at once. b
Thrice 'Fair' Level. Did you go to the movies last night,
Mr. McBergen? "No, I sat with myv
Conducting a survey similar to the ears glued to the radio all evening."
one which so sharply indicted Ann What was the first program? "A rapidt
Arbor eating places last October, the fire news broadcast brought to you by9
University Department of Public your favorite commentator.
Health yesterday noted marked tight- How was it brought? "Through ther
ening in restaurant sanitation was courtesy of soandso, makers of Ameri--I
apparent, but conditions remain be- I ca's finest something-or-other. s
low accepted levels. I What was the next program? "Din-
At the same time the anticipated ner music."
opposition of the restaurant owners From a restaurant? "No, original;-
to the proposed city health ordinance v
which goes to a vote before the Com-
mon Council April 7, has failed to *
materialize, an inquiry by the Daily Umversity Gets
showed.
Improved Methods Noted Gifts Of More
Evidence brought forth by the de-
partment's bacteriologists in the newac p^r^^3
check points to improved methods.1
of dishwashing and new equipment
as responsible for the improved , -l
standards and indicates the change YIiIOUIS D oirGives
to have been most noticeable in res- $17,000 In Securities;,
taurants in the campus area. Rillivei To D-cide Use
Agitation for long-term reform re-
sulting from the evidence spaded up More than $30,000 in recent gifts
last fall is incorporated in the city to the University from several donors
ordinance giving the health depart- were reported yesterday.
ment wide powers to enforce health The largest gift, making up more1
regulations. than one half of the amount, came
The Public Health Department's from an anonymous donor. The
research shows that the medical bac- presentation totalled more than $17,-I
teriological plate count for the 23 000 in securities. The money is toc
restaurants checked is about 300 be used for such purposes as recom-
organisms per cubit centimeter. Ac- mended by President Ruthven.
cording to B. Behrend, writing in A bequest of $10,301.23 from the
"Hygeia," a count of below 100 is estate of the late Ursula L. Platt will
fair. "A bacterial count of between establish a scholarship fund named
100-500 colonies in 1 c.c. of water in- for Samuel J. Platt, a University
dicates slipshod uncontrolled prac- alumnus who died in 1918.
tices of dishwashing.'
Mrs. Leona R. Lounsbury gave $800
Results Are Lower as an initial gift toward establishing
These results -are considerably a fund in memory of Edith Lounsbury
lowerthan those reported last fall of the class o['1915
although in several individual in- A fellowship fund of $2,750 for the
stances the count has gone up. The support of a research assistant and a
principal importance of such experi- fellow in chemistry was presented by
ments lies in measuring the efficiency the E. I. DuPont de Nemours Co. of
with which the city's eating places Wilmington, Del. John Helfman of
wash their dishes. Although the bac- Detroit has given $500 for tuition
teria which causes pneumonia and scholarships in pharmacy.
several types of typhoid under cer- The Michigan State Medical So-
tain conditions have been found ciety gave $160.77 to be added to the
they are relatively little significance funds of the joint committee of
unless individuals are taken ill. The noealth education
Public Health Department points out From Dr. E. S. Sherrill, '80, of
that all of these organisms can be Detroit and the family of O. C. Seelye
found ordinarily in a healthy per- has come pictures of the class of '80
son's mouth. Their presence simply and the faculty of the Tniversity
ihdic lates that the dishwashing which at that time.
is intended to remove them has not
been successful1. . , - ,)*
In carrying on the examination two )t1ltiUR WIl tIIl 1 11 v
jsamples are taken with a sterile cot-
ton swab from each utensil after it A sa i d41 By abor I
has been washed and placed ready I_
for use. The presumption is that LONDON. March 25.(- )-Thc Na-
anything left upon the silverware will Uional Council of Labor, central body
lie transmitted to ihe customer. One of the British labor movement, today
sample is placed in a salt solution and issued a sharp condemnation of
the other in a fermentation tube and Prime Minister Neville Chamber-
appropriate media is added. From g.ain's "cynical disregard of the need
the numtbel of colonies found grow- for defending democracy."
ing upon the plate an approximation The council's political wing rallied
of the number of organisms in the powerful trade union :representatives
original sample can be found- whose cooperation is essential to
No Opposition Found i the success of Chamberlain's rearma-
Anticipa ted opposition of restaur- ment speed-up plan

cisco, Chicago or Detroit."
First they played. . ,. "The No. 1
hit tune of the country."
Followed by . . "A swell little num-
ber."
Was there a female singer? "No, a'
lovely little songstress."
Did she sing? "No, she did the
vocal."
Did you hear any commercial
blurb? "No, Graham McNamee came
in with a few words of advice to the
wise buyer."
What did he tell you? "About how
to save money and make your dollar,
go twice as far."
Can you wait until you have enough
money to purchase the product? "No,
I'm going to buy now and avail my-
self of the easy credit terms."
Did the next feature go off as
scheduled? "No, due to conditions be-
yond their control the program or-
((ontirinor on Pa~vr9) 9
Blum Averts
Cabinet Crisis
I Amid Strikes

Dr.L sohn
Hits Youth's
Rationalism
Religions, Ways Of Life,
Correspond To Psychic
Build Of Man, le Says
Traces Religion As
Historic Experience
By ALBERT P. MAY10
Ludwig Lewisohn eloquently chal-
lenged a younger generation brought
up in the rationalistic tradition to
whom "nothing is true unless it can
be classified" yesterday in Hill Audi-
torium.
All great religions are ways of life,
and, though they do not have truth in
the scientific sense of demonstrable
fa t- htv n tn ii v nmn r limorn i -

In

Varsity

Swimmiers

Trail O.S.U., 22-20

Collegiate

(e4s Ilis Probe

WiIthdrawsDefense Fund
Proposal When Senate
Deniii ds Resigniation
PARIS, March 25.--(A)--Premier
Leon Blum tonight failed to halt a
wave of strikes which his own sup-
porters inspired to prevent his cab-
inet's overthrow.
Strikers, estimated to total 26,720,
got out of hand and demanded con-
cessions which employers so far have
refused.. The government sought a
method to appease them.
The Socialist Premier, however,
averted a cabinet crisis by withdraw-
ing a plan to divert 3,145,000,000
francs (currently about $95,900,000)
from the exchange equalization fund
to a special defense fund.
The Senate yesterday refused to
approve his proposal and Senators:
denainded Blum quit the offlee he has
held since March 13 in favor of a
national union government with an-
other leader.
Blum declined to press his plan. He
took to the Chamber of Deputies the
measure the Senate had approved for
borrowing 5,000,000,000 francs (cur-
rently about $152,500,000) to meet
immediate bills
Breakfast To Honor
_r hbi~sIhop Mooxcy
breakfast honoring Archbishop
Edward Mooney of the Detroit arch-
diocese will be given by the Newman
Club tomorrow morning at Student
Chapel.
This event will be the first visit
of the Archbishop since his appoint-
ment to the Detroit Diocese. The
Newman Club, local Catholic stu-
dent organizftion has arranged for
his address here in order ti at stu -
dents may become acquainted with
him.
Special faculty guests invil ed to
the breakfast will include Prof, and
Mrs. WilHiam McLaugli un, Prof, and
Mrs. Edgar Durfee, Prof. and Mrs.
William Sherzer, and Prof. Elizabeth
G. Crosby.
L Be I0i4ssitdI
I, Leaderr j
---s

Urge Retention OfI
Presen LExemptions
WASIUNGTON, March 25.-(/P)-
The Senate Finance Committee per-
formed another major operation on
the House-approved tax revision bill
today, removing its gift and estate tax
provisions.
Chairman Harrison (Dem., Miss.)
of the committee said members were
swayed by arguments of state officials
that the House provisions would lead
the federal government farther into
state fields of taxation.
Rejecting the House levies, the
committee wrote into the bill those
in existing law. Harrison said this
would eliminate confusion and would
not reduce revenue.
Yesterday, the committee wiped out
the House-approved undistributed
profits tax and overhauled the capi-
tal gains levy. The changes today
left only minor portions of the House
measure intact.
$40,000 Exemptions Made
The House bill would provide a flat
$40,000 exemption for both estate and I
gift taxes, reduce a separate annual
exemption for gift taxes from $5,000
to $3,000, and reduce credits allowed
for state gift and estate tax payments
from about 25 per cent of the federal
tax to 16.5 per cent.
The Senate committee recommend-
ed retention of the present separate
$40,000 exemptions for both the estate
and gift levies, or a total of $80,000,
and eliminated the other changes
voted by the House.
Harrison said statements bykGov.
He'bert H. Lehman of New York and
other state officials had a great deal
of influence on the committee's de-
cision.
Lehman Assails Bill
Lehimn, in a letter to the com-'
mittee this week, charged that the
'independent sovereignty of the
states is threatened by Federal tax-
ing policies." He said the House pro-
visions would give states "only a one-
sixth right" to estate taxes..
The Senate committee approved an
amendment by Senator Brown (Dem.,
Mich.) to exempt banks in liquidation
Ifrom corporation income taxes.
Harrison made public a treasury
estimate that the committee-ap-
roved capital gains tax would yield
$45,400,000 this year. It was estimat-
ed that the House-approved capital
gains levy would produce only $42,-
1200,000.
F ederal IJll(4e

Meet

I

tant than what science knows as
truth, the noted author and critic
said.
1,500 Pi'resent
Ultimate realities, he told his :udi-
ence of 1,500, the ultimate questions
of the origin of man, his relation to
the universe and to God are unique
and cannot be classified.
There are two kinds of religions, he
said, the ethnic, of which Judaism isj
an example, sprung from the earth,
and the representative spirit of the
people which gave them birth; and
the mystic, which Christianity type-
fies, that, have profound reality cor-
responding to the profound needs of
the human soul. The great mystery
religions, lie continued, correspond to
the constant and universal psycho-
logical mechanism in the human
make-up. Thus the universal sense
of guilt which is in man gives reality
to vicarious atonement.
Jewish Religion Unique
The ethnic religion, the Jewish re-
ligion, is unique, it is the religion of
historic experience. It repeats itself
from age to age, from Pharaoh o
Hitler, and this repetition is the mar-
velous thing about it, Dr. Lewisohn
said,.
The content of this historical ex-
perience is the meeting of man with
the divine, not visually, in Judaism,i
but by hearing the divine command
and obeying it. The central fact of
iContinued on Page 21

SEN. 11. STYLES BRIDGES
CAoit. g ,essio a 1
Prtobe On TYVA
Appears Near
Senae Passes Resolution
Asked By AEE Morgan;
FID)I's Approval Seen
WA HINGTON, March 25.-()-
TIhe Co-gressional investigation de-

Are Ahead Of Dope Sheet
After First 6 ' Events;
Kirar Matches Record
Princeton Smashes

_

manded by Arthur E. Morgan, presi-
dentially-removed chairman of the
Tennessee Valley Authority, was near
realization tonight.
The Senate approved an investiga-
tion to be conducted by five Senators
and five Representatives into virtual-

i
!{
4
1
I
p

ant owners to the proposed sanita-
tion ordinan*(e will not materialize, a
survey made yesterday indictes.
Of the 1I owners of 16 eating places
who were interviewed, only One pe-
sentet any seriols objection, nine
expresset genccraI a pproval anid one
refe o commen t. Two of tho"
approving otfered sutggestions wliicl
they dope will beincorporated into
the ordinance as amendmxents.
Ralph Monk, manager of the Gra-
{(oti im2.ed 011 Page 2)

By [(I miatoia
Dr. 1 ~. oo. ewrld in; 4cr an
el nirch and educational work, will

10 Speak hr
Orio I .hillips To It.live,
1"O"01110r41 sDay Address
,Ji de rio L. Phillips of Denver,
Colo., federal jurist and a graduate
of the Law School in 1908, has been
niamed principal speaker for the an-
nual Founder's Day Exercises of the
Law School, to be held April 22, it
was announcec recently.
.udge Phillips has presided over
the l0th United States Judicial Dis-
triol since 1929 wjhen he was appoint-
ed to 1ha, position by President Hoo-
ver. Previously he had served as a
iccur "Odistrict ,jude 11New Mexico
acd for three yars in the New Mex-
ico Senater where lie was Repulican
maj ority 1floor leaderci.
Foundcer's Da ,y is the occ asionj, held
zzIaliuilly, when alum ni, faculty and
studentsf of the Law School pay trib-
ut e to the l ate W. W. Cook, donafor
of the .1,,,(w Qu>aidra ngle.
Montana was tle speaker at the ex-
t'iFC15 laSt year.

ly every aspect of the New Deal power
'r agency and efforts of private power
"Tech .ioi rIac companies to defeat its program.
Expect Early Action
Flrm s S etio I It adopted a joint resolution au-
thorizing the inquiry, and sent it to
the House. There, Majority Leader
Local Organiztoll Seeks R ybui'n Said action could be expect-
ed as quickly as the Rules Committeec
Ulniyersity Recoga ilioR sent the measure to the floor, after
bearings scheduled for early next
University recognition of an Ann week.
Arbor section of "'T'echnocracy, Inc," Senator Bridges (Rep., NH.) was
will be sought in the near future byj insistent that a list of 23 chargesl
against TVA be included also. These
an interested group which met last agdit the ommidee to T ies
night in the Union to formulate planshr
for the local organization. Whether there was truth in thel
chatrac of Arthur L. Mor'gan, whom
The purpose of the group will be to ar fArurEMrgwhm
Thcurpoheses athers will he the President, dismissed after he re-
acquaint themselves and others o) fused to -answer presidential ques-
campus with Technocracy's proposal tons, that an attempt was made to I
for a scientifically planned system of defraud the Government in connec-
production and distribution, accord- tion with fhe
ing to Nelson Berman, '39. Underlin th e rchase of ce'tain
this system, production shall be lim- l-,yhnds.
ited only by the physical capacities w 'ec'eTvA Charged
of our natural resources and indtits I Wloitlrei TVA affairs had been
trial planatu. rconducted in a clandestine manner,
.James L. Van Vlict, '39, of the c- Wheti e r beca use of action by a
troit section, who addressed the g-(1T1 inajiorit y of the TVA board, Chair-
ot sTechnocrac w oo dkssat the gRee- man Morgan had been denied an op-
sion'T pointed out thkat the preentS portunity to present his views before
business recesson is not partorfo TougressionaI committees.
business cycle, but is a long-tireeWc- Whter TVA had interfered with
sult of reduction in man-hours I of I auc 1 of its books by the comp-
labor per unit of production, lie then t.iiGler rcen'ri I.
pointed out! Technocracy's plan to in i Whe tierc' rura I+electricity users had
sure a inaxinmuzn standard of livingbetry F frced to buy electrical appli-
with the least expenditure of I MI an ameFs. for wich ithery had no need,
effort and naturral resources. in oardcer to obtain TnIVA power,.
Ann- Arbor PressI Tels Patrons
Plant Runs Desile Acitators

Medley Relay Mark
NEW BRUNSWICK, N.J., March
|5.-(Special to The Daily)-With six
vents completed, the title-defending
Volveine swimmers of the University
if Michigan tonight trailed Ohio
tate by a bare two points, 22 to 20,
eaving the Wolverines ahead of the
lope sheet with a good chance of
oming through Saturday night for
mother National Collegiate title.
Princeton's medley relay 'team
ook the evening's honors as Al Vande
Veghe, Dick Hough and Hank Van
)ss shattered all existing Americn
'ecords to win the 300-yard specialty
n 2:54.7, two tenths of a second bet-
er than the listed American mark of
he Lake Shore A.C. Among the
narks to fall was the N.C.A.A. meet
'ecord set last. year by Michigan,
which finished third behind Ohio
htate,
Vande Weghe Breaks Records
Earlier in the evening Vande Weghe
iad warmed up by smashing the in-
ercollegiate and meet records set by
Buckeye Bill Neunzig and Danny
ehr in the 150-yard backstroke. He
von the title in 1:34.2, while Neun-
,ig finished fourth.
Captain Ed Kirar led the Michigan
atators in their fight to keep their
;own with a repeat victory in the
0-yard free style event over Har-
rard's Charley Hutter. In the semi-
inals Kirar equalled the meet record
>f 23 seconds flat. Walt Tomski
trailed Hutter to the finish with Ohio
State failing to place.
The Buckeyes got back in the run-
ning, however when Al Patnik and
ir, Patterson finished in that order
>ff the low board, far ahead of the
field. Jack Wolin, in fifth pae, was
he only one of four Michigan divers
to place.
Ohio Relayers Second
Ohio's other point winners suffered
et-backs as Bill Neunzig, dorsal ar-
ist, was left in the fourth place wash
of talented Eastern stars, and then
teamed with Al McKee and Bob
Quayle in the medley to finish in the
second place slot allotted them by the
dope books.
Tom Haynie, Michigan's defending
champion in the 220-yard free-style,
was dethroned tonight by Bill Kendall
of Harvard, who beat Haynie to the
pool end by more than three seconds.
Haynie still had enough left, however,
to finish in front of Johnny Macionis,
of Yale, who earlier in the afternoon
had won the 1500-meter free style.
Bob Johnson of Ohio trailed Macionis
in the 220 finish.
At the end of the first day's events
Harvard and Princeton, tied with 16
(Continued on Page 3)
German Gains
Not Temporary,
F uel-rer Asserts
Explains Austrian Action;
Begins Speaking Tour
On Coding Plebiscite
KOENIGSBERG, Germany, March
25. (sP-Adolf Hitler tonight notified
the world that when ermany takes
possession the Nazi flag stays put.
"This I swear, and so do all of us:
what we once possess we will never
under any circumstances surrender,"
the Reichsfuehirer. passionately as-
sured some 15,000 wildly cheering
East Prussians in the opening speech
of his pebiscite tour of greater Oer-
many.
This was the meaning of the swift
military occupation of Austriahe
said.
He explained many troops were not
needed there, as the joyous welcome
German soldiers received from Aus-
trians showed.
His compelling reason for ordering
such large-scale military action was:

"I wanted to show the world we
were acting in deadly earnest.
"I wanted to show the world that
this problem admits of not further
discussion."
Hitler came here by airplane for

('aip s Is )f f red
A I1i$l sPrCVW'Lf)
(Of Spwit shi.14'iCSI(
The posterior portion of the two-
man animal that spent yesterday
noon publicizing the Spanish Fiestac
at the League tonight called the
Daily to report his (or its) itinerary.
Plastered with signs proclaiming
"This Is No Bull" and harassed by a
toreador resplendent in scarlet cape
and frilled jacket, the bovine crea-
ture started at the corner of State
and North University at 12 noon, ac-
cording to the Progressive Club mem-
ber who disappeared last on its way

sl~k at t'7 :45pm. Tuesday at Hill
Auiditori linnon the cIrent, Crisis in
Cn.Funds obrtainled frotn ht sale of
tickets to Dr. Koo's lecture will be M
diistributed to educational istitutiols
in China, and will forln a part of the
$1.000 drive which leading 'amIxpius
oai11a(ions are sponsoring to -e
bmildl a>int , sr htocls iin thE, intlrior,
WVh en 1)i. Ko>o spoke in I 92 a I the
Second Opium Conference of the
League of Nations, one newspaper re-
ported, "In Dr. Koo' ' speech the voice
of the prophet broke in where the
voice of the diplomat and expert
riiledl; and the prophet in his grip
on the ultimate realities, and in his'
statesmanship, was a finer diplomat DR. T. Z. KOO
and expert than they." --- ----~- ----
Dr. Koo is a graduate of St. Johinl's was brought from New Zealand to
University, Shanghai, For nine years address and participate in the World
an official in the administrative de; Conference at Oxford, England.

I- . -

)"'psi ,j-fol Le sState
Bequest of $4t5,000

ror what is believed to have been
Ihe fii-st time in history, the State of
Michigan was bequeathed an entire
esta -c yesterday when John P. Bar-
low, 76 year old Ypsilanti resident,
left it $45,000 on condition that the
money "be used in the payment and
discharge of the indebtedness of the;
state." Barlow died last Friday.

By ROBE' RT Ii ERiMAN
The Ann Arbor Press has ent fr 'I 1
1tters to its pat rons the Daly ias
earned, iiniforJIg them IIat tesdpi i' (
a "phony strike" staged by "a few
labor agitators" the plant, running
with every striker's place filled, can
handle any printing promptly and
efficiently.
The International Typographical
Union has been conducting a strike
against the local printing firm since
Feb. 19. Union members filed charges
against the plant with the National
Labor Relations Board, which has
issued a formal complaint and set a
hearina for March 31 in the Michigan

s7'ce I axeh bEeCI keepimg up al loc-
easoniI ni k vt ine in an endeavor
to prevent any workers or business I
con ii g nO the Press Building. In.
spite of this we are running 100 per
cent ca pacity; every striker's place is
filled, with scores more of applica-
Mions.
Our eimployes have for some time
had a collective bargaining organiza-
Lion of their own with whom we have
a signed agreement,
"1t has been our policy for years
to make no discrimination between
union and non-union workers. We
are in control of the business and can
assure you that any printing placed

,r

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