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February 18, 1938 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1938-02-18

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The Weather
Cloudy and colder, local snow
today; partly cloudy tomorrow.

L

AL
t l AML

Editorials
Chain Gangs
And Child Latbor ...
A Case For
Colieative security ,..

VOL. XLVII. No. 98 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, FEB. 18, 1938

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Track Team
.
Easily Wins
Over M.S.C.
Shatter Three Records
And Tie Three More
In Imposing Triumph.
68 -26 Is Margin
Gained By Wolves
By ROY HEATH
Highlighted by the stellar hurdling
of Elmer Gedeon, Michigan's track
team rolled over Michigan State 68% -
261/2 in a meet which produced three
new meet records, tied three more and
left the Spartans with only one first
place.
Gedeon, running in his first hurdle
races since high school ripped through,
both timber events in record tieing
time to take over his highly tooted,
mnore seasoned rival, W dstra of
State with embarrassing ease. The
times of 8.1 for the highs and 7.3 for
the lows tied meet marks held by
Michigan's Bob Osgood, holder of the
world's outdoor high hurdle record
of 14. seconds flat.
Watson eSts Record
Michigan's mighzy Bill Watson an-
nexed high scoring honors with his
usua lfirst in 1he shot, and seconds
in the sprint and high jump, running
his total to 11 points. It took Watson
two throws to get warmed up in the
shot but on the third he sailed the
ball 50 feet 4 inches to break his own
Gield House record. On the next shot
however he invalidated his first rec-
ord-breaking effort to send the shot
51 feet 2 3/4 inches, a heave which
bettered his Big Ten indoor and out-
door marks of 50 feet 4% inch and 50
feet 10/2 inches set last year.
Schwarzkopf Sets Record
Running with clock-like precision
Ralph Schwarzekopf, Michigan soph-
inomore ace, tolled off 15 of his 16-
lap two mile race. Suddenly a half-
hearted attempt at passing on the
part of State's veteran Ken Waite
caused the lanky Wolverine to turn on
a last lap blast that left the specta-
tors gasping and Waite staggering ten
yards back at the finish. Schwarz-
kopf's 9:24.9 set a new meet record
but fell just short of the Field House
standard.
Undatinted by a burning first quar-
(Continued on Page 3)

H

>w Far Will Hi
EditorAnalyz

tier Go Now? lonetary Link
es Austrian Coup r A ria
u strian. NaziGermany Nr

Nazi ascendancy Bodes Ill
F or Europe Completion
Of Expansion Not Seen
By JOHN EVANS
(Aesociated Press General Foreign Editor)
Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler has put
is hand on Austria. He compelled
he appointment of five friendly men
n that little country's cabinet, per-
haps the first step toward union.
How much further will he go? How
lid he do it? Why did he do it? And
vhy did he do it now?
Unrest Among Officers
Germany has just gone through a
"purge" of the army. Hitler took
resignations right and left and an-
riounced the military would be Nazi-.
tied. Probably there still is unrest
mong the officers.
Hitler, fa:ing that, diverted world
ittention. His bold step made it im-
possible for the army to waver in its
loyatlty.
Austria is called the keystone of
0gitrope's arch of peace. Will Hitler
steady it or pull it down?
All Countries Concerned
N .rely every country in the world is
OcerIce3 -d and most of them are wor-
dd. They wonder what Hitler will
tIo with his new and growing power.
Already he has precipitated a world
-nrmament race that has reached to
'he United States through its com-
plications. Hitler determines the pace
because neither Great Britain nor
irance nor any other power calls
halt" with intent to make it stick.
What's it all about?
Last Saturday Hitler 'invited' or
(Continued on Page 6),
Pla-ti tWorks
To Be Shown
Here Till March
Display Shows Industrial
Applications Of Plastics;
To Go ToThirty States
An exhibit of plastics, organic
chemicals blended and molded into
industrial products, which opened
yesterday in Room 1304 East En-
gineering Building, is, according to
Lester V. Colwell of the metal pro-

Or. Edmund
was c-3e to' tii'ee
awarded posts in
Austrian cabinet.

(i hise- listtefluu
Nazi ,;eyni aiaizers
Clip r┬░Nvisdionufiil'te

'ro-Nazi Head Of Interior
Confers With Hitler;
Many Changes Expected
New Vienna Cabinet
ShakeupExpected
T ERTLIN. Feb. 17.-(/P)-A monetary
,inion between Germany and Austria
was predicted by enthusiastic Nazi
spokesmen tonight as they learned
he import of talks between Chan-
'ellor Adolf Hitler and the Austrian
uro-Nazi Minister of the Interior.
With the uronipt visit of Arthur
'5cysz-Jnquart, the Austrian minis-
'er, to confer with Hitler and other
xerman leaders after his elevation to
l 'ie cabinet, Nazi spokesmen declared
hey expected many sweeping changes
;n the relations between the two coun-,
tries.
('abinet Shakeup Iuninent
Another cabinet shakeup was im-
1iuernt in Vienna, they said, with
ceysA'ncquart emerging as Vice-
Thancellor and Nazis controlling the
,eonomic and finance ministries.
Hitler, they asserted, was deter-
nined to brimrg about the closest pos-
-.1ble economic union between the two
'ountries.
First of all, they said, Hitler would
tackle the Austrian unemployment
uroblem by vast public works cen-
'eriing around road building.
A customs umion was taken for
'uerit ed.
See Synchronized Currency
The monetary union they envis-
aged would synchronize banking cur-
rencies.
Reports Hitler was making new
demands such as Austrian withdrawal
rorn the League of Nations and ad-
.erence to the anti-Communist pact,
ind that these demands had snagged
the new alignment, brought only de-

Better library
Light Facilities
Department Spenids $290
For New Equipment in
Atgell Study }11l11h
Lighting facilities in Angell Hall
Study Hall and the Economics LibraryI
have been improved 150 per cent at aI
cost of $200, the Buildings and
Grounds Department announced yes-j
terday.
"The new lighting is a great im-
orovement over the old semi-indirect
lighting in both beauty and efficiency.

Japs Earmark
Billion Dollars
For War Cost
New Allotment To Double
Bill For China Invasion,
Now Seven Months Old
Budget Plans Wait
Cabinet's Approval,
TOKYO, Feb. 17.--(P)-The Ja-
panese Government earmarked $1,-
39,00,00for the Army and Navy
today to continue the undeclared
war against China.
The new military expense account,
as completed by the Finance Min-
istry, brought the bill for the seven
months of warfare to $2,146,000,000
The $1,392, 000,000 (4,800,000,000
yen) "special account for extraordi-
nary military expenditures" is a
supplement to the ordinary budget.
The FinancetMinistry's figures will
be submitted to the Cabinet for ap
proval next week.
Reiterate Parity Demand
The sum already spent on the war
is more than four times as much a
the total for the Chinese-Japanese
war of 1894-95 and the Russian-
Japanese War of 1904-05 combined.
While Japan was increasing its
Army and Navy appropriations, the
naval spokesman reiterated Japan's
stand on naval parity without dis-
closing the building plans Japan has
insisted on keeping secret.
The Naval spokesman, comment-
ing on the United States' projected
"two ocean fleet," declared that the
fact the United States has two
oceans to defend against Japan's one
does not alter Japan's parity stand.
The Japanese press reported at
length President Roosevelt's declara-
tion at a press conference that the
purpose of American Naval building
is to have fleets on both oceans at
the same time.
Estimates Received Calmly
The increased Army and Navy
estimates were received calmly by
business and financial circles. One
leading financier said "naturally, the
effect will be felt both by busines
men and the comhon people but the
Government could appropriate 10,-
000,000,000 yen without putting a
severe strain on the nation's financial
resources."
The Finance Ministry announced
the supplementary budget of 4,800,-
000,000 yen would be raised mostly by
a 4,400,000,000 yen national issue of
"Chinesedincident" bonds. The pub-
lic already has absorbed 2,400,000,-
000 yen ($696,000,000) of previous
bonds. Tax increases, the Ministry
said, would be slight, amounting to
but 290,000,000 yen.
JaPS Poise Critical Drive
SHANGHAI, Feb. 18.-(Friday)-
('P)-Japanese declared today their
forces were -poised for a smashing
thrust south of the Yellow River in the
western sector of the Central China
(Continued on Page 6)
G.M. Is Charged
With Ohio raft

Normati TIhonas
Ltdiare 1o Be Spoiisored
Ipv New ,Peace Society
1" ; m Oxford IPledge
Noi man Thomas, tI hr m -ile So-
1ialist Party candidate for the presi-
riency of the United States, will speak
here Friday, March 4, under the aus-
oie s of a newly-fer-med campus or-.
ganization for the furtherance of the
Oxford Pledge as a means of achiev-
ing peace, the Michigan Anti-War
Comnmittee.
Thomas has been refused permis-
sion to speak in a University building.
according to Charles Buck, temporary
,:haiiman of l ie conmnittee, because
his lectuire would conflict with an-
other. The m mittee has not ye'
found a place for his lecture, which
will bx in the afternoon. Thomas
will speak in Detroit that evening.
Committee Recognized
The Michigan Anti-War Commit-
ftee, which was riecognized by the Sen-
ate Committee on Student Affairs last
Tuesday, supports the following four-
point program:
'1).Drastic reduction of military
appropriations.
(2) Immediate removal of all U.S
armed forces from China, as well as
all other foreign territory.
(3) Abandonment of the Shep-
pard-Hill "industi al mobilization"
bill.
(4.) Passage of a genuine war ref-
erendum amendment.
Positive Action Needed
The committee is "vitally concerned
with making the University of Mich-
igan student body aware of the im-
portance of the war question and of
the necessity of positive action against
Nar arid war preparations," its pro-
gram reads.
In opposition to collective securit-
fists, who generally favor ;ar "for the
defense of democracy against fas-
Aism," the committee hopes to achieve
peace by the "internationalism of
workers and young people in the
struggle against war-making forces,"
A, point of view the conmittee believes
inplicitin the Oxford Pledge: We re-
fuse to support the government of
he United States in any war it may
kindertake.
Locally the cfommittee opposes the
An irvitation 1,o memb'rship was

To Speak Here

Trade Council
sks Roosevelt
Revise Labor
Disputes Law
Einployers Discriminated
Against Unfairly, Says
Advisory Committee
P las Consistent'
Industrial Program

cessing department, who is in charge
of the exhibit, the first of its kind
Senate Hears everhassembled.
IThe exhibit, illustrating the effec-
^ I;tive use of these man-made materials
Cu ra Int in home and industrial products will
1be on display for two weeks ending
'Coast K ilI ng s' dexarch 1.
Included in the exhibit is a steel
------mesh-lined leather messenger bag
CIO Chief Attributes Toll which contains a plastic mechanism
which locks the bag if it is seized
To Rival AFL UnIon from the carrier and, after a delayed
For' Longshoremen period, produces a series of detona-
tions and emits dense streams of

The Building and Grounds departmn risive laughter in foreign office circles.
plans to go ahead with the re-lighting However, it was not denied Aus-
oregram as fast as the budget per- tria's withdrawal from the League
mits, and wherever the present light- i perhaps
ing system is inadequate," Edward C. ngt be announced later p r
Pardon, head of the buildings and I wxhen Hitler and Chancellor Kurt
grounds department, stated. H Schuschnigg of Austria visit Premier
rnd thdepatmoughnthe lhtingin Benito Mussolini in Rome this spring.
rlaimied that although the lighting in
many places is not inadequate, the
work is being done because of strong - 1i *
criticism and for still greater effi- oli . -onder
ciency.
The campaign for better lighting, ( 1 ~1-
which originated with a letter to the New Ult Clue
Editor written by Harold Ossepow,
'39, was carried on by the Daily edi-
torially and in a series of articles un- Opponents Of Terrorists
covering the extent of poor lighting. Gets Bullet in Mail
"A large program to remedy the
lighting problem in all the University DETROITFeb.17.-)-Postal
buildings was inaugiirated and a size~inspectors and Highland Park police
able reserve built u) before the de- ean today an investigation of the
pression, but the slump forced aban- mailing of a cartridge to an official of
donment of the plans," Mr. Pardon !he suburb who had been an-opponent
a d. "An estimate mide seve a yeaIs f the Black Legion.
ago placed the cost of important addi- Harry A. Smith, chairman of the
tiens to lighting at approximately ighland Park Civil Service Commis-
$8,000. ion. notified officials that an en-
"Lighting is not the only problem velop, raddressed to him and post-
that merits attention in our program. narked in Detroit, was delivered to
Acoustics are so bad in some rooms Wis residence yesterday and contained
that it is doubtful that the students ,t .38-caliber automatic pistol cart-
can hear their professors." 'idge with a copper jacket.
The bullet's nose had been cut off,
WhoCan?'t . rve 1NT ? nSmith related, and a cross carved on
,tie ih flat surface.
Why Horace, Of Co Cef Testimony in trials of Black Legion
ncuabers disclosed that the hooded
DETROIT, Feb. 17.- --U' - -Ques- >_ der used bullets both as threats to
tioniing Horace Brown, 19, on a traf- nemies and as passes to secret gath-
tic violation chars'v, Transic Judge Wings.
George Murphy learned today that 'The commission headed by Smith
lor ace and his twin brother, Cora'e. wasi esponsible for the dismissal of
-ad one driver's licciiA'bet ween hem n cve-al Highland Park City employes
. .:m '1k-ll ations of Black Legion ac-
~V.orace t'xf dat-. i. : ''l- . u,, iVty.

President Roosevelt's Business Ad-
hisory Council proposed five changes
n the Wagner Labor Disputes At
Mday, saying "corresponding respon-
ibilities should be imposed" on labor
nd employers, Associated Press dis-
atches from Washington, D. C. re-
>orted.
The charges were presented to
resident Roosevelt with a request
or sympathetic consideration,
Recommendations Against Act
The recommendations go definitely
tgainst the present labor act which
adly fails to provide the employers
ith a suitable weapon to retaliate
gainst labor in disputes, and con-
inues on to condemn any coercion.
t says that "the fundamental
>rinciples essential to industrial
seace should be embodied in a- con-
;istent industrial-relations policy,
'air to employers, employes and the
ublic."
In brief, the changes would pro-
'ide:
"(A) Neither the act, nor its ad-
ninistration will favor any paricular
orm of a bona fide labor organize-
ion.
"(B) Employes shall be free in-
elf-organization and collective bar-
:aining from interference, restraint,
r coercion from any source.
Employers Can Call Board
"(C) Any party to a labor dispute
hall be able to invoke the services
>f the (Labor Relations) Board.
"(D) The functions of fact-finding,
>rosecution and judicial decision
hall be separated and not conbined
n a single agency.
"(E) The rights and obligations of
mployers and employes and their
.espective representatives shall be
nore clearly defined by law and
nade less subject to definition at
he discretion of the Board."
As the law now stands:
(A) The Board may designate the
appropriate collective bargaining
nit" for employes. Both the Ame-
(Continued on Page 2)
soviet Picture
Opens Tonight
At endelssohn
The River' To Be Shown
With 'Peter I,' Winner
At The Paris Exposition
"Peter I," Soviet film, described as
'a living page of Russia's history,"
and "The River," government-made
aga of man's fight against ┬░floods,
will be shown at 8:15 p.m. today and
tomorrow at the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre by the Art Cinmea League.
Tickets will be available after 10 a.m
today at the Mendelssohn box office.
The Russian picture, which has
English dialogue titles, is based on
hn research of Alexei- Tolstoy, and
tells the story of Peter the Great,
progressive despot who brought Wes
eern culture and industrialism to his
ba ckward feudal country of 1700.
With a cast of more than 5,000, the
filh won the highest cinema award
at the Paris Exposition.
The Farm Security Administration
of the Department of Agriculture
produced "The River" under the di-
rection of Pare Lorenz. The musical
score is by Virgil Thompson and the
orchestra, consisting of members of
the New York Philharmonic Society,
is conducted by Alexander Smallens.
Following the first government
film, "The Plow That Broke the
Plains," "The River" deals with the
story of Southern cotton, the misery
of sharecroppers, the deforestation
of the North and the resulting floods.
Actual scenes of the devastating
Mississippi-Ohio flood of the spring
of 1937 are incorporated in the pic-

ture, as well as shots of the human
suffering and costly soil erosion that
followed.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 17.-(')-A
Senate committee heard Joseph Cur-
ran, rugged-jawed president of the
CIO National Maritime Union, charge,
today that 17 of his followers had been
killed and 125 injured while servingl
on picket lines.
He attributed this toll to the activ-
ities of the rival International Long-
shoremen's Association, headed by
Joseph P. Ryan, leader in American
Federation of Labor circles.
Ryan had previously testified that1
Curran and other officers of the CIO
union were communists and had em-
ployed strongarmn "beef" and "goonr
squads" in the internecine water front
struggle.
"I am not a communist now and I I
do not believe that I ever intend to I
be a conununist," Curran replied to-1
day when he appeared before the Sen-1
(Continued on Page 6)
Alas! f 1.ess'

smoke to aid police in pursuit. In
addition there are radios of fabricat-
ed resin. lenses made from plastics
to correct all phases of impaired
vision, and many displays illustrat-
ing the use of plastics in industrial
products.
The plastics industry is very likely
to become one of the major indus-
tries of America, according to Mr.:
Colwell, who pointed out that the'
president's National Resource Com-
m ittee recently named plastics as the
third most important factor affecting
the future progress of civilization.
rled iieTryouis
To Meet At 5 P.M.

A meeting of all freshman and wasI any n f' in ourl,?lv o
!op]homore engineers, interested in iv' wi( e1'kijullik
trying out for the Michigan Technic. and ve oily haveoil (,10 (i a n we
will be held at 5 p.m. to lay in Room - 'ouldi 't go out at tihesantei 1 Le-,
3046 East Engineering Building, it ai: C wQ mx on;'
was armnneed by Sidney O. Stein-
born, '38E, editor. Jud' M('mMu oiy wa:udiu i im: "'f
x . - l' .c...;-'I here is ny nol of f his brace play

UNION TRYOUTS CALLED
Scond. semester freshmen and
othurs interested in trying out for
i e Unuin. are asked to report
it ora 3 uliil 5 p.n either today,
Mond a om' rI'"esday in the Union's
'tI'aclit tjkicts.

Sources Of Davey Funids 'extendedby Buck to all persons shar-
ing the views of the commnrittee.
Held InQuestion ----------
CLEVELAND, Feb. 17.-OP)-Lee Bowen Elected -
Bradley, slightly bald asphalt sales-t
man, told Ohio Senate investigators
today that a promise of half the R .)
state's motor car business obtainedt
a $25,000 contribution from Generl Asks For Greater County
Motors Corp. to Martin L. Davey'sC
successful 1934 campaign for gov-- Control Of Roads
ernor. ---~~
Bradley said a similar plan con- The Mienigan Highway Conference
emplated with Chrysler Motors fell closed yesterday with the election of,
through. Carl T. Bowen of Grand Haven to
A Generale Motors spokesman said, the presidency of the Michigan As-
"General Motors has made no con-.sociation of Road Commissioners and
tributions to Governor Davey's Engineers.
:ampaign fund. The story is silly." Speaking before county road of- r
Bradley, a self-identified campaign ficials yesterday in the Union, the
worker, said he was to receive 10 to newly-elected president declared that
35 per cent commissions on General ;1 "the county unit is the logical and'
Motors sales to the state, and that? proper one for Control of roads in a
1lalf his commissions were to be paid county, but the slightest failure of
to Davey through Francis W. Pulson, any county will be decreed as general'
state Democratic chairman, and shouted across the state."
"These statements are slanderous ; Counties should maketan effort,
falsehoods," Governor Davey de- Mr. Bowen suggested, to get finan-
clared in Columbus. cial cooperation from the townships
"If he (Bradley) dares to make in developing various local roads. In
them outside the Senate committee addition, he said, new compilation of
where he is protected by immunity, highway laws is urgently needed.
he will go to jail for criminal libel." Dr. Louis Weber of Lansing, ex-
Poulson said, "Bradley never at ecutive director of the association,
any time collected or undertook to declared if it is granted that the
collect a single dollar for any Davey State Highway Planning Survey is ac-

IS , A ') A series ,of 12 ll esi o._-e'moot 111' ieliSetyo]]iint i',th pitstihtl
i& aseof the alpplicants with al au an in ro Couar.'
A Fair Ex cus tion, will be given by members of~
t l e T ~ c h i c e ni o r s a r .f A p lic a n t.
'- will have the opportunity to do the O 5 s (t l'
The faculty has at last caught on. actual work on the engineering . .
No more Health Service excuses monthly as soon as they show prom- Uof-1 4}.* s' c h l
will be accepted unless the studentE ise. ~ii~ 7 ~tu
can show that he had been confined All tryouts should be scholastically
to bed either at home or in the eligible freshmen or sophomore;. WASHINOTON. Feb. 17. -{P)
Health Service for one full day. regularly enrolled in the College of President Roosevelt will make a broad
This was the latest decision made Engineering, restatement of administration price'
by the Executive Committee of the ,-policy tomorrow. inforied olhi ias
literary college, adopted Feb. 4, ac- Ipeiroi Edison Charged aid tonight.
cording to Dr. Lloyd S. Woodburne, ) Y>Ii. iiiot- i rf: It was indicated that he would say
11 111a a Y' I I -t rnLh~t rioesIh cqnS rstoo low anFd

i

e To e -State
inistrationT
Fourteen cabinet and economic ad-
visrs conferred with Mr. Roosevelt
fire teday. It was learned that one
topic discussed was the wide discrep-
mcy between certain prices. For ex-
mmple, it was said, farm prices are
70 per cent of the 1926 "normal" level
and metals 96 per cent.

secretary of the committe.,

vv ,tit 111.4111.41 t axatioIl

too high. Whether he would out line

s

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