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March 18, 1938 - Image 1

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The Weather
Fair and warmer today; prob -
able showers and colder tonight
or tomorrow.

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Editorials
The Olympic Games
And Japan...
The Emperor Justinian
And Der Fuehrer .

VOL. XLVIII. No. 121 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MARCH 18, 1938

PRICE FIVE CENTS

House Backs Hull's

Preparedness

Plea
Navy

By

Boosting

__
I!

U.S. Secretary Of State
Warns World Against
Barbarism And Anarchy
Britain Backs U.S.
Naval Expansion
WASHING'TON, March l7.-(A')-
A few hours after Secretary of State
Cordell Hull had called for military
preparedness to make the United
States a respected force for peace in
a world threatened by "international
anarchy' 'and "barbarism," the House
late today tentatively voted a 20 per
cent increase in the size of the Navy.
Sentiment for strengthening the
nation's defenses was apparent in
several test votes on the Adminis-
tration's $1,000,000,000 naval expan-
sion bill-the first major tests in the
course of the House debate.
The House gave preliminary ap-
proval to the sections of the bill which
would authorize construction of 46
new warships, 22 auxiliary vessels and
950 airplanes.
The new ships would constitute an

I

Roots' Author
Wins National
Play Awards
NEW YORK, March 17.--(Special
to The Daily).
On the eve of the first performance
of "Roots," Edith Whitesell's Hop-
wood Award winner which is being
presented tonight and tomorrow at
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre, word
was received that Mrs. Whitesell had,
won first and second prizes for her.
"Roots" and "Gates of Wisdom" in
the Federal Theatre Collegiate Play-
writing Contest.
The award means that "Roots" will
be given a professional production by
the Federal Theatre on Broadway.
Judges Announce
The announcement was made by
the judges, Frank Goodman and
James Wechsler, of the National Col-
legiate Advisory Committee of the
Fcderal Theatre Project in New York
City.
Mrs. Whitesell attended the Univer-
sity for her freshman year, then
transferred to the University of Chi-
cago where she received her bach-
elor's degree. Returning to Ann Ar-
bor in 1936, she did graduate work in
playwriting, under Prof. Kenneth T.
Rowe and Prof. Erich A. Walter,
during which time she wrote the two
winning plays.
Deals With Conflict
"Roots" deals with the conflict be-
tween tradition and the future based
on the problem of racial intermar-
riage. Its significance rests on the
portrayal of the universal struggle
between different cultures and the ef-
feet on the people involved. "Gates
of Wisdom" is a play treating con-
temporary campus life.
A reception at the :Millen Founda-
tion tall be given for Mrs. Whitesell
and the Hillel Players after their all-
student performances of "Roots."

I teAcademyl
To Hold Initial
Session Today
Harvard And Colimbia
Professor Give [ectures;
ffi ner At 6:30 P.M.
ITalks, Reports And
IExhibits Plan ned
A full session of section meetings.
luncheons, and addresses, featured by
the annual dinner at 6:30 p.m., will
make up the program for today's
meeting of the Michigan Academy of
Science, Arts, and Letters, the most
important session of the three-day
meeting here.
Dr. Alvin H-. Hansen of Harvard
University and Dr. Michael Heidel-
berger of Columbia University will
give University lectures in conjunc-
tion with the session as features of
the program, while Dr. Stanard G.,
Berquist of Michigan State College,
will give the presidential address to
the 400 delegates of all the sections
at the dinner at 6:30 p.m. in the
Union. Other talks are to be given at
the special luncheons and sessions of
the individual sections during the
day.
Starting at 9 a.m., various sections
of the Academy will meet, each with
its own program, at different places
on the campus. Series of short talks.
discussions, reports, and exhibits will
make up most of these meetings, with
members from all over the state tak-
ing part. At noon several 'of the sec-
tions will have special luncheon
meetings, with the regular meetings
resumed in the afternoon.
Sections taking part include . an-
thropology, botany, forestry, geog-
raphy, geology and minerology, his-
tory and political science, landscape
architecture, language and literature,
psychology, sanitary and medical sci-
ence and zoology.
The two lectures here today are
both prominent in their fields of work.
Dr. Hansen, -who is known for his1
work in the fields of business cycles
and of unemployment, will speak at-
4:15 p.m. in the Naturgl Science Au-
ditorium on the subject, "Full Re-
covery or Stagnation?" Dr. Heidel-
berger will describe phases of im-
portant research lie has beer carry-v
(Conitinued on Page 2)

Campus Powers
Frown On Jump
inOlympicDate
By DAVID ZEITLIN
Campus officials were unanimous in
voicing disapproval last night of the
International Olympic Committee's
latest decision, to forward the date
of the scheduled Olympic games to'
the fortnight commencing on the 21st
of September and concluding on the
fourth of October.
Dean Joseph A. Bursley described
the situationas "unfortunate," and
added that it would be up to the in-
dividual deans of the University's
colleges to decide whether permis-
sion would be granted to atheltes to
enter the University on a late date.
At any rate, innumerable complica-
tions would become involved and the
athlete would face numerous difficul-
ties.
Coach Fielding H. Yost pointed out
that participation on an Olympic
team is the dream of all youth, and
that the natural thing for a college
sathlete would be to simply stay out of
school during the semester in which
the games will be held. The result
would be a postponement of the date
of graduation for a half year.
Declaring that it is "absolutely
wrong" to hold games at a time when
they would interfere with the school-
ing of an undergraduate, Swim
Coach Matt, whose sport along with
track would be the only ones affected,
pointed out, that, "95 per cent of our
(CoL't nued on Page 3)
Sarnitation Cards
Appear IN City
Eating Places

Chamberlain Cabinet Split
As Conservatives Demand
Strong Anti-Fascist Action

Gold Ratio Mars Reich-Austrian
Relationship, SaysHoward Ellis

Recent Anschluss Brings
Little Economic Benefit
For Invading Germans
By ROBERT'I. FITZIIENRY
Germany will profit little econo-
mically "from the recent Austrian
snatch and the Reich government, in
addition, now faces a severe test in
naming a ratio between its own in-
flated, artificially-pegged mark and
the staunch, gold-backed schilling of
the former Vienna government, Prof.
Howard S. Ellis, of the economics de-
partment, said yesterday in minimiz-
ing economic motives for the recent
anschluss.
Austria brings both new resources
and new burdens, Professor Ellis
pointed out, and it is difficult, he said,
to weigh accurately one against the
other.
But he found the two countries too
similar in their predominantly in-
dustrial development to effectively
complement each other's economic
needs. Austria, like Germany is a
heavy importer and has never been
self-supporting. Austria like Ger-
many faces an acute shortage of ag-
ricultural products. And Austria with
fewer than seven million inhabitants
suffers a domestic wheat shortage

increase of 225,000 tons above the
limits fixed by the now prevailing
Vinson-Trammell Act which provided
for the Navy authorized by the 1930
London Naval Treaty.
Defeats Curtailment
Before voting the 20 per cent in-
crease the House defeated, 98 to
63, an effort to eliminate a provision
for three new battleships.
An amendment by Rep. Henry C.
Luckey, (Dem., Neb.), to call an arms
limitation conference among signa-
tories of the 1922 Washington Treaty
was rejected, 74 to 29.
The big-navy advocates' victory
in thie first important test on the
Navy bill bolered their belief that
the measure would go through the
House substantially unchanged.
Secretary Hull warned peace-lov-
ing nations everywhere that they
must work unceasingly for law and
order, lest a retreat in any quarter
encourage the spread of medieval
chaos throughout the world.
Broadcast To Europe
Broadcasting to seething Europe
from a luncheon meeting of the Na-
tional Press Club, Hull said:
"The catastrophic developments of
recent years, the startling events of
the past weeks, offer a tragic dem-
onstration of how quickly the con-
tagious scourge of treaty-breaking
and armed violence spreads from one
region to another."
Going into a storm cellar of isola-
tion offers no security for Amenicans,
he said; the United States must con-
tinue to discuss world problems with
peace-loving powers and to act along
parallel iues with them when ap-
propriate; but on the other hand this
country should enter no entangling
alliances.
Miay Stop Soviet Plan
Most students of foreign aifairs
interpreted this to mean that there
was little chance of the United States
accepting Soviet Russia's invitation,
presented a few hours earlier, to con-
fer with other powers on meas of
halting international aggression.
These students said that the invi-
tation of Maxim Litvinoff, Soviet for-
cign minister, apparently was pre-
liminary to a collective action agree-
ment, which would be tantamount to
an alliance.
But they expressed befef that the
United States would be willing to
consult individually with various
countries.'
Hull declared the United States had
no notion of using American armed
forces for policing the world.Bt lhe
expressed the conviction that the
most effective contribution this coun-
try could make toward peace would'
be to have itself respected through-J
(Contnued on Page 2)
S~panishi Students Aiejid
Native Mexican Recital
Two hundred Spanish students yes-
terday heard eight native Mexicans
"imported" from Elsie for the occa-
sion sing "Cielito Lindo," "Alla En El
Rancho Grande" and "La Cucaracha'
in the Union.
They also watched a dance exhibi--
tion by Lucrezia Ruisanchez, '3Ed
Jaime Daza, Ann Arbor, and Juan
Diaz, '38E, Porto Rica.
The program was a special one de-

I

L.R.B. Instructs Detroit Office
To Proceed With Strike hearing
Union Claimls A Violation Union, which has been conducting a
Of '4 Labor Practices'; strike against the Ann Arbor Press
since Feb. 19, announced yesterday
Acts 1For Certification for the first time that its petition,i
filed several weeks ago with the
By ROBERT PERLMAN NLRB charged the printing estab-
The National Labor Relations lishment with four "unfair labor'
Board in Washington last night au- practices."
thorized its Detroit office to hold an
open hearing on the alleged viola- quesaihthe Lorification
tion of the Wagner Act by the Ann as represntative for the majiority
Arbor Press. The investigation will of employes in the composing room,
be held this month in Ann Arbor, and for designation as exclusive col-
possibly on the campus, as soon as lective bargaining agent, Harry
the Detroit office issues a formal Reifin, ITU organizer said last night,
complaint. The authorization from Washin tona
The International Typographical allows the NLRB to hear both the
-violation" a it d "representation"
i iA(v(matters at the sa ni. time.
. .AI) II~ 11111Two men who were hired by thet
r , iAnn Arbor Press after the strike be-
o 0cI, i al o lc rial ti c Ce gan and who almost came to blowsI
because each charged that the other
T1'1c' fiction that criminals are Cs- tried to get him to join the union,
were fired late yesterday for "fight-
send liailly d ifern t fron i Otheir hthrtypesI
I C 11in i ed cm arze 21
accotw ts for the hostility of society
to law-breakers, Prof. Arthur Dun- ..
hn of the In itte of Public and li si g Ex pt
( cial Adniistration saxipifi cpeech i
at Lane Hail last mi-ght, preparatory 4tr l D i Ba
toilf 'CC1iitU1trpo Dett frV o l
s1>£aitscwied by thle Studenit I.elig iots
Association Saturday. A h i
The realization that crime results Although uitimtely tthe mercy t
from environment and not necessarily of the siipply of and demand for
from any basic abnormality in the in- rooms, student bargaining power will
dividual, has rendered the idea of probably be increased by the reformsc
vindicative punishment obsolete, he proposed in the petition facing the1
pointed out. Bo'rd of Regents, Prof. Richard U
The i ins of fii mc t~r; ttl # now, Rat clifftreal etate a ufliity 11the
according to irofv<,sor D)nitiam, are business adm iinstra iou :4hool de;
to re-establish a normal adjustment clared yesterday.
to society in the criminal; to protect Certainly pwrmitting the students
society, to deal with the cause of the to shop around for accommodations
emine rather than the crime itself, will mean the landladies will have to
and to treat criminals as individuals, deal with a better informed and lessi
pressed group Profesoir Ratcliffe,

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i.
S
i,
',
A
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i
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I

New Attempts At Health
Protection Are Posted
By City Sanitary Bureau;
Restaurant sanitation scores, de-
signed as a visible means of health
protection for the public and adopted
in the new Ann Arbor sanitary code
Oct. 25, appeared yesterday for the
first time i cty catng establish-
mnents.
Although the health authorities
have no legal grounds at present on
which to compel Ann Arbor restaura-
teurs to keep the cards posted, the
proposed ordinance approved by the
city ordinance Committee Monday
night and to be read for the first
time this Monday at the meeting of
the Common Council, will require the
display of grading cards, prescribed
and distributed by city health author-
ities.
The alphabetical ratings on display
are the result of four months of in-
spection conducted by Franklin Fiske,
city sanitarian, and based on rigid
specifications which he has set up.
Before the grade cards will be is-
sued, all scores made on the first
round of inspection are being re-
checked to insure further accuracy.
This, too, will account for any delay
n having the cards displayed simid-
ttneously in Ann Arbor's 140 eating
pla e.
The inspection upon which scores
arcL ascd divides sanitation in res-
<,rani s into four sections: kitchens,
general features, dining rooms, and
storage rooms.
Kitchen cleanliness rates highest in
the plan, with a total of 49 points
awarded. Fourteen points are given
for conditions in the storage room, 15
for general features and 22 for din-
ng room sanitation.
The 49 points for kitchen sanita-
tion aru for soundness and cleanli-
(Continued on Page2)

I!
I
I'

which proportionately approximates
that of Germany.
The Reich's immediate and most
important gain will come, Professor
Ellis said, from a trio of products.
Austria has a substantial exportable
surplus of highest grade iron ore
cogently needed by German heavy in-
dustry. Extensive forests consume a
third of Austria's area and create
a storehouse of easily accessible lum-
ber. Dairy products, much needed in
Germany and abundantly produced in
Austria, complete the trio.
In financial resources, he said, Aus-
tria brings to Germany a store of
gold reserves estimated to be nearly
Rebel Planes
Rain 'Bombs
On Barcelona
600 Die In Crowded City
As Insurgent Ships Hurl
Missiles In Tenth Raid
BARCELONA, March 17.--(I)-Re-
lentless Insurgent bombers struck at
Barcelona again tonight in the 10th
of a series of raids which already had
taken 600 lives within 24 hours,
The planes dropped about 20
bombs on a section of this refugee-
packed capital which' had not been
hit in raids earlier today.
Casualties were reported heavy
and dozens of ambulances were sum-
moned from the northern part of
Barcelona.
The raid began at 10:10 p.m. andl
at almost the same time other In-
surgent planes bombed the cities of
'Tarragona and San Vincente on the
Catalan coast, inflicting a consider-
able number of casualties.
Before the last raid, a carefull
check by the defense board showed
415 dead and 700 wounded, but it
was explained that the fatalities list-
ed included only bodies removed from
debris in this greatest industrial city
of Spain.
Estimates by doctors gave the dead
as 600 and the wounded, 1,000. The
war ministry reported officially that
600 had been killed and 400wounded.]
Boyne City Woman
CrushedBy Train
A Boyne City woman was struck
by a Michigan Central passenger
train here yesterday as she was
standing on a platform beside the
track and dragged 70 feet. She suf-
fA C-4-1-

double the size of the Reichsbank's
own backing.
Professor Ellis was apprehensive of
the Reich's interference into Aus-
trian finance and feared that the
latter's unquestioned position in fi-
nancial circles will be seriously com-
promised by inflation and automatic
return to exchange control.
There are two fundamental differ-
ences, he said, between Germany and
Austria in financial policy.
First, Austria has enjoyed a, hard
credit system and a balanced budget
since 1932. In 1931 Vienna's largest
bank, the Credit Anstalt, suddenly
collapsed and threatened Austrian fi-
nance with panic. Government funds
were rushed to the rescue and the
schilling was artificially stabilized for
a short period before it went back
to the free market. By 1932, how-
ever, the government had recovered
its equilibrium and the era of bal-
anced budgets began. Germany, it is
well known, has been inflating cur-
(Continued on Page 2)
Campus Greets
Fritz' Crisler
Monday Night
Four New Coaches To Be
Presented At Auditorium
Rally; Band To Play
Preparations to give a rousing wel-
come to Head Football Coach Fritz
Crisler were well under way yesterday
as the program for Crisler Night, to
be held at 8 p.m. Monday in Hill
Auditorium, was announced by John
Thom, '38, chairman. Admission is
free and all students and faculty
members are invited to attend.
Michigan's four new football men-
tors: Crisler, Line Coach Clarence
Munn, End Coach Campbell Dick-
son and Backfield Coach Earl Mar-
tineau will speak.
The master of ceremonies for the
evening will be Michael Gorman, ed-
itor of the Flint Journal. The
University Marching Band- and
cheerleaders will also be on the pro-
gram.
The band will start the evening's
activities playing "The Victors," fol-
lowing which there will be several
Michigan yells. Thom will then in-
troduce Mr. Gorman., who in turn
will introduce Coach Martineau.
The drawing of a lucky number
for a prize to be given by Sigma
Delta Chi, honorary journalism fra-
ternity, will follow and Dickson's
talk. Sigma Delta Chi will sell num-
bered booklets, giving a history of
each of the coaches, at the rally, and
the holder of the lucky program will
receive the prize.
$11250 Paid
For NYA Work
95 Students Draw Pay
For February Jobs
The National Youth Administra-
tion dispensed $11,250 last month to
955 Michigan students who worked
on more than 350 different projects
ranging from assembling human
bones in the medical school to direct-
ing Boy Scout and Y.M.C.A. work,
according to flgures released yester-
day by Prof. Louis L. Gram of the
engineering college.
A total of 148 graduate and 807
undergraduate students respectively
received checks from the N.YA. of-
five here, Undergraduates average
30 hours of work and $11.95 per
month, the records show, while grad-
uate students average 30 hours and
$14.40 per month.

Thirty Negroes but no foreign stu-
dents are listed on N.V A . ranrIm.

Hore-Belisha Leads Revolt
Against Prime Minister's
CautiousForeign Policy
Poles Hurl Defy
At Lithuanians
BULLETIN
KAUNAS, Lithuania, March 17,
-_'_)_-The Lithuanian govern-
ment has received a note from
Poland demanding a reply within
48 hours to a demand for settle-
ment of their differences.
The note was of "ultimatum
character," it was disclosed to-
night. Earlier in the day, De-
fense Minister Colonel Stasys Dir-
mantas told the Diet the govern-
ment was preparing to close the
incident on a legal basis.
Britain's cabinet and dominant
Conservative ministry split wide open
today as powerful factions within the
ministry, the Conservative party and
the House of Commons demanded
Prime Minister Chamberlain pledge
Czechoslovakia aid and take a firm
stand against Italo-German domina-
tion of Spain.
The revolt piled an internal crisis
on top of a nation already deeply
alarmed over the dynamite-laden Eu-
ropean situation.
On the Spanish ront Insurgents
drove toward the Mediteranean and
killed more than 500 persons in air
raids on Barcelona.
France speeded rearmament with
heavier spending as Premier Leon
Blum'a new cabinet won a rote of
confidence.
Soviet Invites Action
Soviet Russia invited world powers
to consider- joint action against ag-
gressor nations.
In Warsaw, 100,000 persons clam-
ored for strong action against Lith-
uania and similar demonstrations oc-
curred in other Polish cities.
In the London revolt, young bloods
in the cabinet, led by vigorous War
Secretary Leslie Hore-Belisha and
bulwarked by impressive backing in
the House of Commons, were report-
ed to have demanded of Chamber-
lain:
L A clear-cut pledge of aid in sup-
port of Czechoslovakia should she be
attacked.
2. A firmer policy In the Spanish
Civil War to prevent Italy and Ger-
many from dominating the peninsula.
Resignation rob'able
Refusal, it was said, would lead to
a number of resignations.
On the heels of this came a warn-
ing from a committee of influential
Conservatives, headed by Winston
Churchill and Robert J. G. Boothby,
that Chamberlain's foreign policy
must be changed quickly or they
would join the opposition in Com-
mons.
Reliable sources said Boothby's
movement might lead to at least 50
Government supporters joining the
opposition in Parliament.
There was backing for Chamber-
lain, however.
Taking advantage of the fact that
tomorrow the Prime Minister will o-
serve his 69th birthday, legislators
circulated a testimonial congratulat-
ing him and assuring him of their
Support.
Gerinani Award
a Contests Open
Two Essay Competitions
Offer Cash Prizes
Registration for the Bronson-Tho-
mnias and athe-Hildner Prizes in Ger-
man, open to eligible students, may
be made in the Germae Office, Room
204 University hall as soon as pos

sible, it was learned yesterday.
The Bronson-Thomas Award of $50
is given yearly on the basis of a three-
hour essay competition for any under-
graduate of American training who
satisfies the department reading re-
quirements. Competition will be held
at 2 p.m., March 25, in the German
office.

Lauds Student
rg amm g Power
to introduce excess rooms into the
supply,
Present , rformns must take into
consideration that housing on cam-
pus is two sided and that under the
present set-up the landlady must re-
ceive a reasonable return upon a
'easonable invcstment. If this is m
pos sible somre other means of hous-
ing students must be found.
One economically sound method
hnvolves the construction of dormi-
tories, The level of rents does not
matter, he said So long as they are
occiiiied and the student body does
not increase they will serve not only
to house a portion of the campus
more satisfactorily but also to re-
duce rents for the rest
In speaking of this aspect, Pro-
1?;7fm>lif nnirrt- I -IF ,"A"+

Detroit Universit' Club
Dines C i-mpus Leaders
Twelve faculty and student leaders
will be guests of the University of

tortier housing ecc
FHA pointed ouit.
with less incentive to
room they will be in
sounder position, he
actly how much this

onomist of the
More secure andt
sign for the first?
a demonstrablyc
said. but ex-
information willf

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