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March 10, 1938 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1938-03-10

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Board of Editors
SPOR~TS EDITOR .....................IRVIN LISAGOR
Business Department
CREDIT' MANAGER....................DON- WILSER
It is important for society to avoid
the neglect of adults, but positively
dangerous for it to thwart the ambition
of youth to reform the world. Only the
schools which act on this belief are ed-
ucational institutions in the best mean-
ing of the term.
Alexander G. Ruthven.
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
ast Your ote
omorrow . .
TOMORROW the student body will
have its first real opportunity in some
years to make its opinions felt with regard to the
national and international problems vexing
America at this time. Sixty-four students have
filed for positions as members of Michigan's new
Student Senate, a body set up by an All-Univer-
sity Committee to discuss these problems, to rep-
resent student opinion upon them, and to serve
as an educational medium through which the
problems of contemporary America may be more
eftectively presented to the members of the Uni-
versity community.
The election system of the Student Senate will
itself be an example of the educational function
it hopes, to perform, for Michigan students, ac-
customed through class elections to the use of
the voting machine, are to try another experi-
ment by using Proportional Representation to
elect their thirty-two Senators. It is anticipated
that this new system, involving the use of choice
marks-the figures one, two, three and so forth-
rather than the traditional crosses of the Amer-
ican ballot, will lead to the representation of every
substantial stream of thoAght on the campus and
will provide the Senate with that cross-section of
opinion without which it cannot succeed.
For the Senate to obtain a cross-section of stu-
dent opinion, it is essential for as many of the
student body to vote as possible. There are no
restrictions as to the franchise-any student,
undergraduate or graduate, full- or part-time,
men and women-all may vote. The Daily urges
you to take this opportunity of exercising a voice
in forming a student opinion by casting your bal-
lot at one of the four polling booths provided.
The polls will be open until 7:30 in the evening,
and you need only your identification card to
participate in this first election of the University
of Michigan Student Senate.
Joseph S. Mattes.
In Politics .. .
HE FARMER-LABOR movement of
Minnesota is today facing a problem,
the implications of which should be considered
by any person who feels that only through a
National Farmer-Labor party can the economic,
social, and political aims of the farmer and indus-
trial worker be adequately realized.' This problem
is that which almost inevitably faces a successful
liberal or radical movement-personal ambition
and careerism.
When Governor Floyd Bjornsterne Olson, Min-
nesota's first Farmer-Labor chief executive, suc-
cumbed to cancer in the summer of 1936, Lieu-
tenant-Governor Hialmar Petersen was elevated
to the office of Governor. Previous to his election

in 1934 as Olson's running mate, Petersen had
been a member of the lower house of the State
Legislature, much of his influence coming
through his editorship of the "Askov Amer-
ican," a small town weekyl in Northern Minne-
sota with a considerable circulation among Farm-

time of Olson's death the party candidate for the
Governorship, was strongly opposed by Petersen,
who sought to have the nominations-so shifted
about that he, Petersen, would continue as Gov-
ernor, and Benson would run again for the Sen-
However, the party leaders, anticipating Olson's
wish to go to the Senate in 1936, had spent nearly
two years in building up Benson as a candidate
for the Governorship, and Benson had been Ol-
son's personal choice as his successor. For these
and other reasons Peterson was shunted off to
the Railroad and Warehouse Commission, as the
Farmer-Labor nominee for a post on that body.
With the Roosevelt sweep of 1936 contributing
significantly in the way of votes, the Farmer-
Labor ticket was carried into office and Elmer
Benson became Governor, Halmar Petersen a
member of the' Railroad and Warehouse Com-
mission. By fortuitous circumstances, Petersen
was able to appoint a political colleague to a va-
cancy in this three-man body, thus giving him-
self a majority on it. Through the patronage
available and by alliances with certain elements
opposed to Benson, Petersen began a campaign
to obtain the nomination of the Farmer-Labor
party for Governor in 1938.
In January Petersen filed for the office of Gov-
ernor as a Farmer-Laborite, seeking the nomina-
tion of the Farmer-Labor party in the coming
June primaries. On the day on which he filed,
he made a state-wide radio address, the heart
of which was a vicious red-baiting attack on the
administration of Governor Benson. In this ad-
dress Peterson addressed himself to "Fellow
Farmer-Laborites" but evidently he was appeal-
ing for conservative support, believing that the
Republicans, having failed to defeat the Farmer-
Laborites since 1930 by ordinary partisan tactics,
might flock into the Farmer-Labor primary (a
proscedure quite possible under Minnesota's open
primary in which the voter receives the ballots
of all parties and no one knows which ticket
he finally chooses to be his own).
A part of Petersen's attack on Benson was an
attack on the Farmer-Labor Association, the
rank-and-file, dues-paying membership organi-
zation which supplies the campaign workers for
the Farmer-Labor party and includes some 50,-
000 members. This organization, charged Peter-
sen, was so dominated that it could not make a
free choice of a candidate for Governor and that
therefore he was not willing to have his name
placed before the delegates at the March con-
vention to endorse candidates for state offices.
To support this charge, Petersen presented not
one fact, but one statement. Shouting merely of
"domination" by "Mexican generals," unwilling
to stake his cause in a convention of delegates
of the rank-and-file membership, Peterson's
campaign note took on the aspect of an ego-sat-
isfying emotional orgy to cover some of the rather
questionable dealings involved in securing his
own support.
Though the Farmer-Labor party as a political
organization and though the Farmer-Labor
philosophy as a theory of government certainly
has little in common with the leaders of the
present economic system, Peterson made not one
mention of the economic system, the shortcom-
ings of which brought into life the very party
whose leadership he now so violently attacks. The
essence of this address was the rather mildewed
chestnut of "Americanism vs. Communism." Ex-
amples of the "Communism" of the present
state administration in Minnesota are Benson's
visit to California to see Tom Mooney and his
refusal to call out troops during a lumberack's
Petersen as Petersen represents little, but Pe-
tersen as careerism means a great deal. In
France we have our Lavals and Doriots in almost
countless number-men who, obtaining power
as liberals and socialists, used that power to
amass large private fortunes, in the one case, or
to spring to Fascist leadership, in the other.
France has had such common experience with the
treachery of careerism that the proverb that the
conservatives never develop leaders of their own
but go only to the refuse heap of the proletariat
for leadership has much truth in it.
In Great Britain the lamented spectacle of
Ramsay MacDonald is still fresh in our minds as
an example of the effect of personalism over
principle on the liberal and progressive move-
ments of the world. In Minnesota the challenge
of this personalist careerism, backed in this case
by a violent red-baiting campaign and aided by a
tacit endorsement of leading Republican news-

papers, throws down a gauntlet to the Farmer-
Labor Association which must be met if the idea
of a national Farmer-Labor party is to have
any reality in political America. There seems
no doubt that the Association itself, aware of the
dangers of the Petersen brand of Caesarism,
will endorse Benson for another term as Gov-
ernor, and will approve the liberalism and pro-
gressivism of the Governor and his administra-
The issue is thus squarely up to the voters in
the primary, and, if there is no Republican in-
vasion of the Farmer-Labor primary, there is
every reason to believe that Benson will win the
nomination and that, in his victory, the principles
of Farmer-Laborism will have triumphed over
Petersen's careerism and the menace it repre-
sents. Tuure Tenander.
Be Sure To Vote
To the Editor:
Rarely if ever does a student at the University
get a chance to express his or her opinion on
those national and international matters that
have come to assume such an important part
in our everyday life. However, through the new-
ly-created all-campus Student Senate, that op-
portunity arises.
The importance of the Student Senate cannot,
I believe, be overemphasized. Every student should
take part in the voting which will take place
Friday, March 11 so that the opinions expressed.

I/1-l i eywood Broun
There is less war talk in Washington than in
New York. Of course, I have no notion of what
may go on among small groups in high places.
But the notion that America is being groomed for
an immediate conflict is not voiced much by
newspaper men. The general feeling seems to be
that the tension between this country and Japan
Now, it may be that the correspondents are
living in a fool's paradise. Several of them have
spent a week-end from time
to time in that delicious buti
drawsy vacation land. Still I
, .f.maintain that the composite
front page of the American
press is a pretty fair baro-
meter of national emotional
tides. And I think that even
the most casual reader must
have noticed that little has
been written lately concern-
ing fists across the sea.
I'm well aware of the fact that pacifists inter-
pret this condition as a plot. They fear that
public opinion is being drugged to sleep. Al-
though I would note a few exceptions, it should
be admitted right off that many of the complete
isolationists are men and women of unquestion-
able sincerity. But I do question their judgment
in several respects.
To me it seems a fallacious theory to maintain
that peace is served by meetings and statements
in which the dogmatic declaration is made that
the President of the United States is trying to
rush us into a war with Japan.
The Stab In The Back
I am far from suggesting that Franklin Roose-
velt, or any other Chief Executive, should have a
completely free hand in diplomatic dealings. But
there are points in which the President should
not be sold down the river by his own countrymen.
Specifically, I think of the situation in which
publicists cry out for the world to hear that the
President has secret plans for conflict and that
his pledges of peace should be regarded with
suspicion. If that policy is pursued here exten-
sively by men who have access to print, it will do
much to strengthen the hands of the war lords
in the Fascist countries. Hitler or Mussolini and
the Japanese naval ring will have good ammuni-
tion to use in propaganda for their own people.
"Look," they may cry, "at what was said in
New York by Joe Doakes, well known as a liberal
leader. The great Mr. Doakes, says that President
Roosevelt is secretly plotting to send an army
and a navy against us almost any minute now.'
We must arm ourselves to the last tooth. And
you will be wise to continue us in power since
it is unwise to swap horses in the middle of the
However, I can think of a more homely an-
alogy. Everybody remembers the little boy who
was'taken to the doctor because he had stupk a
small rock in his nose. And when the boy was
asked why he had done such a silly thing he an-
swered that he got the idea from having been
told so many times, "Don't stick pebbles up your
While it would be silly not to admit that
America, like every other nations, is subject to
war hysteria, I do not think that placidity is
promoted by dervishes who whirl around and
cry out constantly, "We are going to be pushe
into a fight before we know it." One excellent
way to preserve peace is to talk of peace and not
scream of war.
On The 1H1me Front
And in the domestic field I have great fear as
to the end result of the philosophy of complete
"isolation." To be sure, the word needs sharper
definition. It means many different things to
many people. But by the true hard-shelled ise-
lationist the word is construed as suggesting that
we should board up like dwellers in a town ex-

pectant of a hurricane. The theory is that we
should not even look out the window. "The rest of
the world is comoletely mad, and the sooner it
destroys itself the better it will be for patriotic
Now, the natural consequence of this is a return
of Know Nothingism. The stranger within our
gates becomes suspect, because he, too, is "a dirty
foreigner." We shall begin to grow both blond and
blind and stand in the market-place and thank
God that we are not as other men.
Making A Martyr
Dr. Francis E. Townsend, author of the $200-
a-month old-age pension plan, has decided to
contest the court order by which he would now be
starting to serve a thirty-day jail sentence in the
District of Columbia for contempt of a congres-
sional investigating committee.
Of course, a congressional investigating com-
mittee cannot well afford to permit a flouting
of its powers without some action to uphold the
authority of such committees in general. When
Dr. Townsend walked out of the hearing in 1936
because he disliked the attitude of the committee,
the act was technically comparable to the con-
tempts for which Harry F. Sinclair went to jail
after the Teapot Dome investigation and William
P. McCracken after the airmail inquiry.
But the setting of the case is substantially
different. The chief figure here is already a
martyr to his own zeal and to the cupidity of
the promoters who flocked around him. The
congressional investigation punctured the boom
of his plan and in that it accomplished its pur-

VOL. XLVII. No. 114
Exemptions friom Saturday Classes:
All students in the College of Litera-
ture, Science and the Arts who were
granted provisional exemption from
Saturday classes, or those having
changed their courses since registra-
tion must file letters supporting their,
claims before Friday, March 11.
Walter A. Reichart. chairman, 300

All students in the

College of

L.S.&A., and Schools of Education,
Forestry, and Music receiving a grade
of I (incomplete) ; X, (absent froml
examination), or ( (no report),
should make up all work by March
14 or the grade will autoriatically
lapse to an E.
Summer Work: Student residents
in Chicago who are interested in
hotel work during the summer are
asked to call at 201 Mason Hall for
further information.
University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Infor-
'Sige Door' Opens
The Kaufman - Ferber comedy,
Stage Door, which opened last night
at the Lydia Mendelssohn, is
thoroughly good theatrical entertain-
ment. The satire on Hollywood's
values-or lack of them-is neither
profound nor penetrating, and its ex-
altation of the legitimate stage is
based on somewhat shallow grounds,
and yet we swallow its thesis and
agree wholeheartedly while the mood
of the play is on us.
The action of the play is laid in the
Footlights Club, a theatrical boarding
house for stage-struck females aspir-
ing to crash the well-guarded gates
of Broadway managers' offices. Oren
Parker's set for the Club living room1
is an excellent background for that
battalion of would-be Thespians, who
seem to spend their time mainly in
shooting verbal bullets at one another
and at the world in general with 'the
precision and deadliness of aim of a
corps of master machine-gunners.
But there is kindliness and camara-
derie among them, and the barrage
of wisecracks and flying brickbats
keeps one from taking them or their
problems very seriously, or for that
matter, the' ostensible theme of the
play-the defense of the 'legitimate'
stage against its bastard child, the
moving pictures.
Finished acting is necessary for
comedy of this sort; expert timing,1
sureness of touch, and finesse of
handling are essential. And here
Play Production's performance, as
nn icb h n hi nlly t~n hn rdl;

mation. 201 Mason Hall.
The Bureau has received notice of
the following Civil Service Examina-
Associate Agronomist and Superin-
tendent, $3,200,a year; Assistant Ag-
rrnomist (Sugar Beet Investigations),
$2,600 a year; Assistant Plant Physi-
ologist (Sugar Beet Investigations),
$2,600 a year; Bureau of Plant In-C
dustry, Department of Agriculture.
Principal Marketing Specialist, $5,-
600 a year; Senior Marketing Spe-
cialist, $4,600 a year; Marketing Spe-
cialist, $3,800 a year; Associate Mar-
keting Specialist, $3,200 a year; As-
sistant Marketing Specialist, $2,600
a year; Bureau of Agricultural Ec-
onomics, Department of Agriculture.
Junior Veterinarian, $2.000 a year;
Bureau of Animal Industry, Depart-
ment of Agriculture.
Attendant Nurse Classes, $40 to 65
per month and ,maintenance; Michi-
gan State Civil Service.
General Constr.uction Superinten-
dent of Water Softening Plant; Flint
Civil Service Exam.
Detroit Civil Service Examinations:
Student Social Worker, $1320 per
Senior Civil Engineering Drafts-
man, $2640 per year (For duration of
Sewage Disposal Project).
Forestry and Landscape Foreman,
$36.92 per week (Seasonal Employ-
Associate Civil Engineer (Federal
ProjectLiaison),'$4200 peyear, (For
duration of Sewage Disposal Project).
Posting Machine Operator (Type-
writer-Multiplying) (Female), $1560
per. year (Seasonal Employment).
For further information, please call
at the office, 201 Mason Hall.
Bureau ofnAppointments and
Occupational Information.

and 'Mr. Robert Edmonds, cello.
Faculty Women's Club: The Art
Study Group will meet today at 2
o'clock at the Michigan League. Mrs.
Mischa Titiev will act as hostess.
A.I.Ch.E. There will be a meeting
tonight at 7:30 p.m. in 1042 E. Eng.
Dr. E. H. Potthoff of White Star
Refining Co. will speak on petroleum
refining. Refreshments.
Engineering Mechanics Seminar.
Marvin G. Harrison, '38E, "Stability
of Floating Bodies" with demonstra-
tion. M. F. Spdtts, "Review of Thin
Shell Analysis." An informal meet-
ing today at 4:15 p.m. in Room 314
West Engineering Annex.
University Oratorical Contest: Pre-
liminaries for the University Ora-
torical Contest will be held this af-
ternoon at 4 p.m., 4003 Angell Hall.
A copy of the oration is to be handed
in at that time. A five minute talk
given. Register in Speech Office,
Room 3211 Angell Hall.
"Stage Door" Tonight at 8:30 p.m.
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. .Also
Friday and Saturday evenings. A
few tickets still available at box o-
fice. Phone 6300.
Students interested in religious
work are invited to meet at Lane
Hall for lunch on Thursday. Kenneth
Morgan will speak. Call Lane Hall
for reservations.
Women's Intercollegiate Debate.
The University of Michigan Women's
debate team will meet the University
of Ohio Women's debate team in a
regular Conference Debate on the
subject of uniform marriage laws in

pihilention in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the University,
Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President
until 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.

the Ballroom of the Women's League
--~~at 4 p.m. today. The debate is open
Academic Notices to the public.
Geology 11 and 12 make-up final Scimitar: Special meeting at the
examinations will be given Friday, Unio tat 7:30 tonight. All members
March 11 from 2 until 5 in 2054 N.S. please attend as it is very important.
They will be given at no other time.

Political Science.1. Make-up exam-
ination for students who were unable'
to take the regularly scheduled final1
examination for the 'first semester,
1937-37, Friday March 11, 3-6' p.m.,
Room 2037 A.H.
Psychology 33 make-up will be held
Thursday at 1:00 p.m., Room 3126,
Natural Science Bldg.
The Department of Fine Arts an-
nounces an exhibition of photographs
of China in the north and south gal-
leries of Alumni Memorial Hall. Open
daily through Saturday, March 12.
U rLectures

Association Fireside: Dr. John F.
Shepard will speak on "Forgotten
War Issues" tonight at 8 o'clock, Lane
Dr. O. R. Yoder, of the Ypsilanti
State Hospital, will speak on Mental
Hygiene at the Women's League to-
night at 8 p.m.
German Journal Club. There will be
a meeting today at 4 p.m., 302 Michi-
gan Union.
Junior Girls Play: The properties
committee will meet at 4 p.m. today
at'the League.
The ticket committee will hold a
meeting at 4:15 p.m. today.
The publicity committee will meet
at 5 p.m. today at the League.
Druids will hold a luncheon meet-


one mlgnt naturany expect, nar y A l!tyDc ope:r essor.'.11
ing at noon today at the Union. All
'equals the skilled performances of Heckscher, President of the Econ- nembers are urged to attend.
Ginger Rogers, Katharine Hepburn, omics Institute of Sweden, will give
and their fellow Hollywoodians. a series of lectures on Economic His- Phi Epsilon Kappa Fraternity:
shrieking in what seemed to degener- tory under the joint auspices of the Meeting of the National Honorary
ae eery nowandhenintoasororty Departments of Eonomics and His- Physical Education Fraternity, Phi
atmvruornahe noasrrt elatnnso cnoic n i-Eslo Kappa tonight at the Intra-
mob scene. But many of the in- tory. The schedule is as follows: Epsilon Kuppg ighedately Intra-
diviualperormaceswer exel- h dmurl wilding, immediately follow-
dividual performances were excel- HThursday, March 10. 4:15 Room C, ing the basketball game for the
lent. Ellen Rothblatt as Terry Ran-' Haven Hall. Mercantilism: Theory championship of the Professional
dal, the faithful vestal tending the and Practice, II. raritnsion t ere-
altar flame and keeping amigh't thei
true faith of the legitimate theatre Friday, March 11. 4:15 Room C, quested to attend. Time: 9 o'clock.
r Haven Hall. Economic History of
had fire and viality. Mary Brous, Sweden, I. Crop and Saddle: Ride Thursday at
Broadway gone Hollywood personi-
fiedwa gtntically amusn Monday, March 14. 4:15 Room C 5. Meet at Barbour Gymnasium. All
fled, was authentically amusing; and 1aven Hall. Economic History of those wishing to go, please call Dor-
cynica as of expandedeld,goesth Sweden, II. othy White at 2-2591 before Thurs-
exyractedeeryaton of huanded e The public is cordially invited, day noon.
role offered her without overplayin University Lecture: Dr. Michael Congress: Administration commit-
it. Margery Soenksen, as the "house Heidelberger, Associate Professor of tee meeting at 7:30 p.m. today in
mother" of this extraordinary me Biological Chemistry, Columbia Uni- Room 306 of the Union.
nage. may awaken reminiscences versity College of Physicians and Sur-
among dormitory inmates. Marie geons, will lecture on "Recent Chemi- Congress: There will be a 'meeting
Sawyer was extremely well cast as cal Theories of Immune Reactions of the Publicity Committee tonight
Linda Shaw, the family black sheep. and Some Practical Applications," on at 7:30 p.m. in Room 306 of the
Over-acting, unfortunately, was more Friday, March 18, in Room 1528 East Union.
frequently the rule than the excep- Medical Building at 8 p.m., under the
tion in most of the minor feminine auspices of the University and the
roles, though the men, perhaps be- Michigan Department of Health. The Cg ing Events
cause their voices are not so high- public is cordially invited. Junior Mathematical Club. Will
pitched, got their comedy ' effects' - meet Friday, March 11, at'4:15 p.m,
without seeming to strain for them. University Lecture: M. Jean Hostie, in Room 3201 Angell Hall. Mr. Phil-
Edward Jurist was as suave as ever of Belgium, an international jurist, lips will speak on "Linear Operators."
and Morlye Baer effectively boyish. will lecture on "The International Refreshments will be served following
The play provides a thoroughly en- Law of Radio" in Natural Science the talk.
joyable evening in the theatre and j Auditorium at 4:15 p.m., Tuesday,
ought to be on everybody's "must" March 22, under the auspices of the Student Senate: The general elec-
list for the season. Department of Political Science. The tion of members of the Student Sen-
-- {public is cordially invited. ate will be held Friday in the Union,
Ronald F e the League, Angell Hall, and the Main
d 3 t' _ Even ts TCLibrary from 7:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m.
Tl"' Y. Any student of the University is eli-
s- ' on ji The Observatory Journal Club will gible to vote upon presentation of his
meet at 4:15 p.m. today in the Obser- or her identification card.
Ronald Freedman, '38, speaking on vatory lecture room. The votes will be counted in Room
"Moses Mendelssohn, and Jewish Dr: Hazel M. Losh will re- 302, Union, beginning at 8 p.m. Fri-
Freedom" was awarded the Nathan view "Sunspots and Their Effects" by day evening and the count will be
G. Metzger Award of $10 in the an- Stetson. Tea will be served at 4:00. open to the public.


nual Hillel oratory contest held Sun-
day night at the Hillel Foundation.
In addition to this award, Freed-
man will be given a trip to Chicago
to compete in the inter-Hillel contest
to be held April 10. Other contest-
ants were Leonard Kasle, '38, speak-
ing on "A Student Looks at Reli-
gion," and Julius Epstein, '38, whose
subject was "Awake, Jewish Youth."
COLUMBUS, March 9.-'!-Jim-
my Hull, of Greenfield, Ohio, junior
wh fi'O' C 5 1 uc' faicnn~l'f i nrii crir..,..'.

Cercle Francais: The meeting of the The Outdoor Club will go on a two-
Cercle Francais which was formerly hour bike-hike Saturday afternoon,
scheduled for 8:00 Thursday at the leaving Lane Hall at 1:45. Refresh-
League has been changed to 8:30. ments will be served at Lane Hall
Refreshments will be served. All afterwards. In case of inclement
members must inform the secretary weather the group will go to the
of their intention to attend before Women's Athletic Bldg. for ping-
Wednesday noon.' pong, shuffle-board, golf-driving, and
bowling. Any student interested is
The Michigan Dames Book Group invited to go along.
will have a pot luck supper tonight
at 6:30 at Pilgrim Hall, 808 E. Wil- Suomi Club: Meeting Friday night,
iam St. March 11, at 8 o'clock in t.he Upper

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