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March 06, 1938 - Image 8

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1938-03-06

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A CII G, 1.9"P"



------------ . ... .......... .............. ......... . . - ..........

Writes Poetically Of Her Sojourn
In Africa And Departure ...

['Novella' Makes American Debut

common sense, its humor and under-I
standing. Occasionally she shows
real insight; when, for example, she
describes primitive people and ani-
mals removed from their native hab-
itat as struggling to return "to re-
cover their lost identity, in surround-
ings that they know;" or when she
speaks of Karomenya, the deaf and
dumb boy, who was struck on the
head with a branch by his playfel-
lows-" . if it did hurt him, it
also brought him into contact with
Last of all, one sees in the back-


ihground a changing Africa, one in NIGHT AT HOGWALLOW, a novella discovers what has happened and By EDWARD MAGDOL
not long lived together on peaceable by Theodore Strauss. Little, Brown believes the girl's story that a Negro When Thomas Mann came out in
terms, and where the old semi-feudal and Co. New York. $.25. has raped her. Caesar, one of the defense of Germany's exiled writers
relationships between plantation By STAN (. SWINTON colored workers on the construction who had been cruelly attacked in the
owners and squatters are giving way SMIgang, is summarily charged with the Nazi press the whole world of anti-
to a less personal and more modern I crime although at the time he was fascism cheered lustily.
arrangement, with banks taking over year for a literary form which is un- miles away with George, the narrator. When he later wrote his now-fa-
farms, and squatters driven off the deservedly neglected in this coun- A hooded mob, seeking revenge, mous letter to the Dean of the phil-
land. try," Edward J. O'Brien wrote in his because he has tried to get Caesar osophical faculty at Bonn University
The chief fault of the book is its Best Short Stories of 1937. As if in released, abducts George and whips he took a longer stride into the arena
discursiveness . There is little logic answer to O'Brien's request, Little, him into insensibility. He revives the of political men. Anti-fascism not
to the sequence of events: it is not Brown and Co. sponsored a $2,500 next day, returns to camp and man- only cheered but began to consider
chronological; the author seems to novella prize contest. Night At Hog- ages to get Caesar released. And Dr. Mann as one of its bold leaders.
jot down things whenever she is wallow, although it did not place first, then comes the extremely strong cli- Then the intellectual Left wanted
reminded of them. The author has is one of the most distinguished max. Because Sullivan and George to know how far Dr. Mann's p0-
i tendency to sentimentality and fine among the several winners which refuse to turn the Negro over to a litical development had gone. They
writing too. Often the style is just were published. mob, the entire town, mad with blood wanted to know, for instance, if Dr.
this side of preciosity; sometimes it Night at Hogwallow can hardly be lust and hate, attacks the construc- Mann had abandoned the Rationalist
slips over. called of great importance. It is, how- tion camp. Many are killed including movement, the humanistic, bour-
sever, a lusty, closely-knit work which Caesar and the white man who really geois liberalism that Settembrini es-
of this exploitation would now be on the average reader will not put down seduced the gi. Somehow, George
the side of those who fight for better until he has finished. It is the saga, escapes.
working conditions and higher wages of Sullivan and his road builders who, That is the story. Straycs tells it,
for labor, and for the abolition of while trying desperately to finish simply, powerfully. Knowing well of
racial and national prejudices. Some their road according to contractual what he writes, he effectively im-
may suspect the key to the apparent stipulations, run squarely into the presses upon his audience how the
anomaly to lie in the change of ec- great, malignant race prejudice which Southerners feel' and at the same ,.
onomic position of the writer, despite so neatly divides the United States time shows how unthinking and un-
his complaint that his salary has been into two parts, just is their hate. Night At Hogwal-
reduced by $200 a year and that the A sex-starved girl walks past the low ends on a note of pessimism.
family who had rented his house gang at its work, "asking for trouble." As Strauss sees it, there is no solu-
moved out rather than pay $10 a That night she is seduced. Her father tion to the race problem. Lovel)
monthin Cr erthanpad0 night

Produces A History
Economic Views


nite things from Out of Africa. First, CHRISTIANITY, CAPITALISM AND
the book gives a strong sense of the COMMUNISM, by Albert Hyma.
physical surroundings of the farm: Published by the author, Ann Arbor.
the blue hills and wide views, the $2.75.
tapestry forests, and the peculiar By JOSEPH GIES
quality of the air-"In the middle of Professor Hyma has long been re-
the day the air was alive over the cognized in the field of church history'
land, like a flame burning; it scin- and his researches for the first eight
tillated, waved and shone like running chapters of the present volume do him
water, mirrored and doubled all ob- credit. Unfortunately, he does not
jects, and created great Fata Mor- appear to have been equally conscien-
gana." tous in gathering data for the last
Against this setting the book shows chapter, which is devoted to the labor
the Kikuyu, the Masai, the Somali, movement in America.
and an occasional Arab, Indian, Eng- The major portion of the book is
lishman or Scandinavian, each peo- concerned with the development, of
ple with its peculiar customs and economic theory in Christian the-
characteristics. There is Kamante, clogy. Professor Hyma writes pen-
one of the houseboys, with his talent etratingly of the attitude of early
for a cookery for which he had no Catholic and Protestant church fa-
taste, his somewhat superficial con- thers toward capitalism and the profit
version to Christianity (when ques- system. He demonstrates, for ex-
tioned he simply said that he believed ample, that contrary to previous opin-
what the Baroness did), his ability ion, Luther was more progressive in
to cry when he wanted. There are his economic views and expressed
Knudsen, the old Dane who always them more frequently than, Calvin.
referred to himself in the third per- Few readers will be particularly in-
son and hated the law in any form; terested in these topics. Many, how-
Emma nuelson, the Swede, who came ever, will be struck quite forcibly by
to the farm as a fugitive; Kinanjui, Chapter IX, which is entitled, "Com-
the dignified Kikuyu chief, paying munism and the Sit-Down Strike
visits in his handsome monkey-fur Movement." The chapter contains so
coat. passing out after partaking too many errors of fact that it is difficult
freely of the Baroness' hospitality, to comment on it. "All sorts of agi-
dying of gangrene in his hut. Animal tators," he declares, "have recently
characters play an important part: gone about the land trying to arouse
Lulu the gazelle; Pania the deer- the minds of our workmen to revolu-
hound, who is so profoundly amused tion and rioting."
at his riistress' stupidity; the stork Shortly after tiis Professor Hyma
who fights duels with himself in the iorth eperiencrofsoth
mirror and imitates Kamante's walk. mentions the experience of his youth,
Author's Personality Manifest together fourteen dollars a week for
Third, one cannot read Out of Af- working in a Grand Rapids furniture
rica without getting a clear impres- plant because they were "foreigners
sion of the author's personality, with who could not speak English." One
its peculiar mixture of sensitivity and might logically expect that the victim


*ALIL .J4t re Aelly.
Professor Hyma blames the General
Motors strike on the Communists,
offering in proof the fact that an
article in "The Communist Interna-
tional" praised the work of Commun-
ists in helping the strikers. A few
pages later he says, "I know beyond
the shadow of a doubt that the Gen-
eral Motors Corporation received no
consideration whatever. It was simply
forced to yield to the demands of
irresponsible law-breakers."
Contrasting Governor Murphy's
handling-. of the automobile strikes
with the manner in which the C.I.O.
was treated in New Jersey by the re-
actionary Governor Hoffman, to the
latter's benefit, he quotes several par-
agraphs from a bombastic Washing-
ton's Birthday speech by Hoffman
and asks: "Is it not remarkable how
effective such words were in the high-
ly industrialized state of New Jersey?"
It is somewhat less remarkable, per-
haps, in the light of recent events
in New Jersey which indicate that
"he Hague machine, for which Gover-
nor Hoffman spoke, does not neces-
arily limit itself to words when the
open shop is threatened.
Professor Hyma has a number of
unkind words for the Daily, which, he
says, has "made it appear as if both
the faculty and the whole student
body were very largely given over to a
hatred of true democracy," by voicing
its approval of the Loyalists in Spain,
by praising the Popular Front govern-
ment of France and by having "much
to say in favor of those unfortunate
agitators in this. country who showed
no respect for oaths and for written
contracts. "Such," he concludes, "is
the inevitable result of a little know-
ledge of American and European his-
tory, when it is wrongly applied."
No better epitaph could be written
for Professor Hyma's own book.
h- E__ _ _ d

. .Ii

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