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May 27, 1937 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1937-05-27

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The Weather
Mostly cloudy, cooler today;
tomorrow showers, warmer.
VOL. XLVII No. 172 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MAY 27, 1937

Editorials
Second Wind
For The AM,.. .
PRICE FIVE CENTS

80 000 S t e e 1 New Bills To Have Little Effect
iiir On UInion Work. flickinsnnSa

" V

mvien un trme
Against Three
ig Concerns
Steel Workers Organizing
Committee Calls Walkout
To Back Contracts
Union Sound Truck
Announces Action
YOUNGSTOWN, O., May 26.-(')
-The Steel Workers Organizing
Committee called a strike of 80,000?
steel workers tonight to back up its
demand for signed bargaining con-
tracts with three independent steel
companies.I
Philip Murray, John L. Lewis' lieu-'
tenant in the steel industry, orderedf
the -great walkout which took effect
with the changing of shifts at 11
o'clock tonight in Ohio, Pennsylvania,;
New York, Illinois and Indiana plants
of the Republic Steel Corp., Youngs-
town Sheet & Tube Co., and Inland1
Steel Corp.
Picket Lines Form Early .-
Picket lines took torm in the Ma- '
honing Valley district early tonight.
Union sound trucks cruised through
industrial areas with loud speaker
equipment carrying word of the
scheduled strike and notifying mem-
bers of different locals where to re-
port for picket assignments.
Canteens to serve pickets with cof-
fee Ind doughnuts were set up in
union halls near the mills.
John Mayo, sub-regional SWOC di-
rector, said the union would havet
8,000 or more pickets operating in thet
district, 2,000 on each of four shifts
of six hours each.
Company guards watched the pick-
ets from within the entrances. Theyl
remained on the concern's property.
Strike Biggest In 20 Years
The decision to call the nation'st
most far-reaching steel strike in
nearly 20 years was reached at a con-
ference here of SWOC delegates from
the five states.
Murray, head of the orgaization1
which wQn an agreement from United
States Steel Corporation but met dif-
ficulty in its efforts to obtain signed
contracts from the independents,
said:
"It is the purpose of our organiza-
tion to conduct the strike peacefully
and in a law-abiding way.
"We were advised by delegates, par-
ticularly those of Republic Steel Corp.,
that stores of munitions are located
at each of the plants, including ma-
chineguns.
"We are having this brought to the
attention of state officials and the
proper agencies of the federal gov-
ernment. The day of gunmen i<
ended."
Holland Retainsk
Present P a r ty
As Nazis Lose
Communists Show Gain;
Government Forces Are
Swept To Victory
AMSTERDAM, May 27.--(Thurs-l
day)-U-)-Partial returns in thef
Dutch Parliamentary election early
today indicated a government victory
with a sharp setback for the Nazis
under the leadership of Anton Adrian
Mussert.
Results declared in 440 out of the
total of 1,056 distriets gave the par-
ties supporting the government of
Premier Hendrik Colijn easy major-

ities with more votes than in the last
election.
Up to midnight, the Nazis only
polled 50,000 votes while the Com-
munists obtained one or two gains.
The balloting was held yesterday,
100 seats in parliament being at
stake. Complete final results were
not expected before late today.
Mussert, 43-year-old former engi-
neer, who pledged better conditions
for the small peasantry and benefits
to labor in his campaign, declared:
"This is the day of Colijn, but our
day will come."
In his final pre-election speech he
said he hoped to win eight or 10 seats
in the election and promised a pro-
gram of "purification" for the coun-
try when and if his strength reaches
40 seats.
Dickens May Live
But Will Be Blind

. a v 1%-/ v a v N v f t v w a v !p --r 4L "L, R RV !v 1 V R.7 L/ a s k-, XA/ 7 V

By ALBERT MAY0
New labor legislation setting min-
imum wages and limits to hours will
not seriously affect the drive to-
wards unionism, in the opinion of
Prof. Z. Clark Dickinson of the ec-
onomics department.
Though unions will find them-
selves minus one of their strong sell-
ing points, he continued, they can
still advertise that they are out to
raise wages above the legal minimum
and can still point a finger to working
conditions which need to be improved.
Then, too, he explained, organizers
can say that membership in a union
is essential to keeping up the legal
minimum wage.
The main problem of unionism at
present, Professor Dickinson said, is
not so much in what the effects of
labor legislation on unions may be
but in inter-union conflict.
CIO May Gain
He suggested that the C.LO., though
having for one of its aims increased
wages to be attained obviously at the
expense of employers, might con-
ceivably actually gain its objective
at the expense of skilled workers-
and the A.F.L.
Up to now, Professor Dickinson
said, each of the two great unions
has attained its victories without the
other being the victim. It does not
seem, he believes, that both unions
can continue to push their programs
without interfering with each other.
Professor Dickinson agreed that
there was some resemblance in the
current A.F.L.-C.I.O. fight to the
great struggle in the 1880's which
saw the A.F.L. crowd the old Knights
of Labor out as the dominant labor
union.
Resemblance Is Superficial
But the resemblance is only super-
ficial, he said, for the C.I.O. is much
more aggressive and practical than
the' Old Knights of Labor organiza-
tion which appealed to professional
and salaried people. It was essen-
tially what was called an 'uplift]
union,' Professor Dickinson explained.
It is much too early to prophesize
that the A.F.L. will crumple into in-
significance as the old Knights did,
he continued. Though there are no
indications at present that a com-
promise between thenvying unions is
likely to take place, he said, the mu-
tual advantages that would result
from amalgamation may work to
Freshment Plan
Parade, Picnic
Over Saturday
Rain or shine, Freshmen will meet
at 3:30 p.m. Saturday on the steps
of Mill Auditorium for their march
down to The Island for the 1937
Freshman Picnic, Don Barnes, '40,
chairman of the committee, an-
nounced yesterday. The parade will
be led by a freshman band.
Riksen Brothers will have a stand
in the pavilion of The Island to sell
weiners--cooked or raw, Barnes said.
Those who get into the spirit of a
picnic can cook their own over the
fires; those who don't can buy theirs
in a "ready-to-eat" condition, or they
can pack their own ready-made lunch.
Baseball and other games will be
held during the afternoon, Barnes
stated and at 7 p.m. under the chap-
eronage of Dean and Mrs. Joseph A.
Bursley, the Sing will begin. A spe-
cial feature will be a song written
for the class by Jane Nussbaum.
Those who can't join the picnic at
3:30 p.m. are free to come at any
time, he added.
This is the first time in several
years that any class has attempted
a picnic. If it succeeds another may
be tried next year, it was said.

Heads Lantern Night

MARYANNA CHOCKLEY
bring about conciliation between the
C.I.O. and its parent union.
Though the craft union members
have shown that they can work to-
gether, it is somewhat doubtful that
the rank and file of the industrial
unions can do so, Professor Dickin-
son explained.
It is a curious thing, he continued,
that some of the member unions of
the C.I.O. are some of the oldest craft
unions. He indicated that though it
is probable that the labor movement
may go in the direction of con-
solidating more and more of the
skilled workers with the unskilled,
the unions may come to be run by an
"aristocracy" of skilled men.
Tung Oil Crown
Goes To Cissel
For 'Gabability'
Cooley Cane Presented To
Donovan; Marsh And
Cousins Get Gavels
Prof. James H. Cissel of the College
of Engineering was adjudged "The
Gentleman With the Oiliest Tongue,"
and presented with the Tung Oil
Crown last night at the eighth an-
nual banquet of Sigma Rho Tau, en-
gineers' speakers group.
The "Cooley Cane," awarded to the
outstanding member of the society
during his four years on campus, was
presented to F. William Donovan,
'37E, runners-up Cerdric E. Marsh,.
'37E, and Robert T. Cousins, '37E, re-
ceiving Tungwood Gavels. Members
who had been outstandingly active
during the past year were also"hon-
ored at the banquet.
Lawrence G. Lenhardt, commis-
sioner of public works for the City of
Detroit, was the speaker of the eve-
ning,.choosing as his topic, "Human
Relations in Engineering." Mr. Len-
hardt urged the group to continue
its good work, declaring that they
should come to the defense of a badly
maligned profession-that of engi-
neering. He said that the reasons!
for this were that engineers acted
as technicians rather than as engi-
neers, that the engineer does not
know how to express himself well, and
that there are certain limitations to
the curriculum of the modern tech-
nical school.
Mr. Lenhardt cited many instances
from his experience in public rela-
tions to emphasize the need for en-
gineers with a broad education, able
to deal with laborers, city councils
and officials in Washington, for, he
said, "The human angle can make or
break all the text-books ever written."

Band To Head
Lantern Night
Parade_ Today
All Women In University
To Take Part In March
To Palmer Field
Maryanna ChockIey
T Head Procession
To the accompaniment of music of
the Varsity Band and led by Mary-
anna Chockley, '37, former chairman
of Judiciary Council, women of the
four classes of the University will
march from the Library to Palmer
Field at 5:30 p.m. today to commence
the annual Lantern Night festivities.
Lantern Night is an annual event
given by the three lower classes for
the Senior women, and this year for
the first time men at invited to par.
ticipate in all but the line of marc
and the formation of the block M
which is made after the procession
reaches Palmer Field. It is during this
ceremony that the senior women pas
their lanterns to the lower classes,
signifying the passing of the classes.
In case of rain the entire proceed-
ings will take place in Waterman and
Barbour Gymnasiums, Mary Johnson,
'38, general chairman and president
of the Women's Athletic Association,
announced. With clear weather the
procession will still form at the Li-
brary and march to Waterman Gym-
nasium where the block M will be
formed. If it is rainy, the girls will
meet in Waterman Gym at 5:30 p.m.
Box lunches can be obtained in the
Correctives Room.
Box lunches will be eaten on the
field at 6:15 p.m. All sororities and
dormitories will have a station where
members may secure the food, Miss
,Johnson said. League House wom-
en and men have previously ordered
their lunches, which they must call
for before procession begins. The
League will furnish coffee, but Miss
Johnson asked that individuals bring
their own cups.
The freshmen pageant, "Rip Van
Winkle," will be presented at 6:45
p.m. in the natural amphitheatre. at
the north east corner of Palmer Field.
(Continued on Page 5)
Student Labor
Group Reviews
Current Work
Organized Restaurant Men
And Aiding Students Get
Jobs, Next Year's Aim
The Student Workers Federation at
its final meeting for the semester last
night in the Union reviewed the year's
work and decided to concentrate
more on organization of restaurant
workers and aiding students to find
jobs next fall.
A letter to Gov. Frank Murphy pro-
testing Ford's action in yesterday's-
riot and a letter to Washington com-
mending continuation of the NYA but
asking that NYA wages be raised to
meet the rising cost of living will be
sent by the SWF, it was decided.
A chairman was appointed to form
a committee to raise funds for the
defendants in the current trials, in
cooperation with the Michigan and
Washtenaw Conferences for th Pro-
tection of Civil Rights. It was re-

ported that $25 from the Flint UAWA
Local and $30.44 from members of
the Progressive Club have already
been contributed to the fund.
The SWF was instrumental in ef-
fecting a five cent raise in the hourly
wage rate in the League cafeteria.
Contracts were signed by student
workers in the Michig Inn, Krueger's
Restaurant and the Student Grill,
and the current "civil liberties" cases
are being fought by the organization.
Jack Session, '40, said in his report
of the year 's activities.
Wally Hook Is Elected
Sphinx Society Head
Wally Hook, '39, was elected pres-
ident of Sphinx, junior men's hon-
orary society, and Phil Buchen, '39,
vas chosen treasurer at a meeting
held yesterday in the Union.
Hook, a member of Alpha Delta Phi
fraternity, is president of the class
of '39 and a varsity football player.
$uchen is a member of Delta Kappa
Epsilon, and a. member of the bus-
iness staff of The Daily.
+r-, e Arcr wrisnrr9V . nr.

Ford'Serviee' enAttack,

Maul U:
Strike

Second Walkout In Five
Weeks Closes Factory In
Richmond, Cal.
CI( Presses Charge
Of Discrimination
Poll Of Workers Revealed
900 Set On Striking For
Grievance Adjustments
RICHMOND, Calif., May 26.-U --
The United Automobile Workers fired
their "first gun in the war against
Heny Ford" today with a strike which
tied up the Ford assembly plant here
for the second time in five weeks.
The walkout silenced the big plant
before 8 a.m., when the day shift was
due to report. At that hour the place
was swarming with pickets whc
turned back company officials as well
as office emnloves.
Strike Will Spread
Frank Siaoy, local president of the
United Automobile Workers, said the
walkout would spread to other Ford
plants unless the company met the
workers' demands for adjustment of
griveances.
He claimed "the Ford Company dis-
criminated against our members for
Union 4ptivity and attempted to foin
a company union."
Slaby indicated national recogni-
tion of UAWA, an affiliate of the
Committee for Industrial Organiza-
tion, would be sought.
"Local agreements don't mean any-
thing," Slaby said, referring to a ver-
bal settlement of the sit-down strike
which closed the plant for 24 hours
last month.
'Old-Fashioned Strike'
Describing the new walkout as "an
old-fashioned strike," in contrast
with the sit-down five week&s..ago,
union leaders said it developed after
an overnight vote in which about 900
of the 1,800 workers agreed over-
whelminglyto leave their jobs.
Plant Manager Clarence Bullwinkel
said he had "no information on the
strike," but reported the plant "did
not open" because "some of the work-
ers did not report and we have to
have a full crew to operate."
The UAWA only yesterday opened
two organizing offices for its Ford
campaign, located in abandoned bank
buildings just outside the Dearborn
city limits.
Work Disease
Bill Is Tied Up
In State House
LANSING, May 26.---(IP)-A bill
which would provide compensation
for occupational diseases faced a
new crisis in the House of Repre-
sentatives today.
The measure, which has split the
Democratic majority in the House
of Representatives into two warring
factions, bounced back to the Labor
Committee today and was quickly re-
turned to the floor without a change
in its wording, after correction of a
technical flaw.
The parliamentary maneuvering
presented a new issue, however, with
one faction demanding that the bill
be forced to run again the gauntlet
of debate "on general orders" before
becoming eligible for a final vote.,

Michigamua Braves
Scalp 25 In Annual
Foray On Campus
Listen to this tale of romance,
Tale of Indian warrior bold.
In the early moon of greenleaves
Came they forth the stoic valiant;
Forth they romped to paleface wig-
wam,
Wigwam one of friend great chief,
Paleface mighty among his kind;
Came he forth to take their token
Of the warpath they would tread,
Then to the mighty oak of Tappan
Dashed the screaming yelling red-
men;
To the tree of Indian legend
When the white men pale and
trembling
Stood around the mighty oak;
Warriors choice of paleface nation
Choice of tribe to run the gauntlet.
Down the warriors, painted demons,
Swooped and caught their prey like
eagles,
Loud the warcry stirred the still-
ness,
As they seized their hapless cap-
tives,
Forth they bore them to their wig-
wam
There to torture at their pleasure.
There around the glowing bon-
fires,
Heard the words of mighty wisdom,
Smoked the pipe of peace and
friendship.
Thus there came to Michigamua:
Frederick Colombo, Douglas Farm-
er, Frederick Geib, Gilbert James,
Ernest Jones, Alfred Karpinski, Ed-
ward Kirar, Earle Luby, Arthur Lun-
dahl, John MacFate, Frederick Mar
tin, Stevens Mason, Joseph Mattes,
Irving Matthews, Charles Miller,
Hugh Rader, Joseph Rinaldi, Irving
Silverman, Goff Smith, Bruce Tel-
fer, Tuure Tenander, John Thom,
Earl Thomas, John Townsend, Rob-
ert Williams.
Ask Ford Investigation;
Profits At New High
BOSTON, May 26.-(/P)-Profits of
Ford Motor Co. in 1936 reached the
highest levels since 1930, the com-
pany's Dec. 31 balance sheet filed with
the Massachusetts Commissoner of
Corporations and Taxation indicated
today.
Comparison of the report with that
of the previous year yointed to a net
profit of $26,426,698, equivalent to
$7.65 a share on the company's $5
par captital stock.
The indicated profit for 1935 was
$3,565,617, equal to $1.03 a share.
Balance sheets annually filed by
the company with the Massachusetts
Bureau are the only source of infor-
mation on the profits of the huge
motor company owned and controlled
by Henry Ford and members of his
family.
House Gets Resolution
LANSING, May 26.-(P)-Rep.' John
F. Hamilton submitted a resolution
in the House of Representatives to-
night demanding a legislative inves-
tigation of violence in Detroit today,
during which United Auto Workers
Union organizers were beaten by em-
ployes of the Ford Motor Co.

National Labor Relations
Board Receives Formal
Complaint From Union
Fair Job Conditions
Demanded In Leaflet
Civil Rights Organization
Protests To LaFollette
Committee At Capitol
DETROIT, May 26.- (P) -Ford
Motor Company employes with swing-
ing fists repulsed the first organizing
move of the United Automobile Work-
irs at the Ford Rouge plant in subur-
ban Dearborn today, beating and
chasing from company property four
Union officials.
Within two hours the Union an-
nounced a formal complaint to be
filed with the National Labor Rela-
tions Board charging the company
with coercion, intimidation and other-
wise interfering with workers in their
"constitutional right to organize."
Omnits Leader Beatings
The complaint will riot mention the
beating administered to Richard T.
Frankensteen, directing the campaign
to. organize Ford workers, Walter
Reuther, President of the West Side
Local and two organizers. They were
attacked by a group of men wearing
work clothes as they tried to dis-
tribute Union literature to Ford em-
ployes.
Frankensteen and Reuther climbed
an overpass at gate 4 of the Rouge
plant to direct distribution of Union
leaflets as work shifts changed in
the industrial unit where nearly 90,-
000 are employed.
About 50 Loiterers
About 50 men, some in work clothes,
were loitering on the bridge -above
some street car tracks. One told the
Union men, "You will have to get
off here."
Then a dozen men overpowered
them, knocked Frankensteen down,
and rushed them down the stairs to
the tracks.
Frankensteen, his face cut and
bruised and his coat torn off, was
treated at a physician's office. At
Union headquarters later he said:
"If Mr. Ford thinks this will stop
us, he's got another think coming.
We'll go back there with enough men
to lick him at his own game."
Reuther, his face bloody, attributed
the attack to members of the Ford
Service Department which polices the
huge plant. One statement on the
Union leaflet was "end the Ford serv-
ice system."
Reuther said, "Before the UAWA
(continued on Page 6)
Nazis To Take
Church Quarrel
To Polls Friday
Goebbels Will Carry Attack
Mainly Against Chicago
Cardinal Mundelein
BERLIN, May 26-(P)-The Nazi
government, embroiled with both
Catholics and Protestants in disputes
which appeared tonight heading to-
ward a climax, will carry its argument
to the people Friday night.
Dr. Paul Joseph 'Goebbels, fiery
propaganda chief of the Nazi re-
;ime, will deliver a speech in which
t was announced he would aim his
ratorical guns primarily at George
Cardinal Mundelein of Chicago.
At the same time, the fight ofProt-
3stant Confessional Churchmen
against Nazi domination entered a

new, acute phase with the imprison-
ment by the Gestapo (State Secret
Police) of all five members of the ex-
ecutive committee of the Confession-
al's provisional church government.
The five pastors, it was disclosed,
were taken into custody last night but
neither their names nor their where-
abouts whether in concentration
;amp or preliminary custody, were re-
vealed.
The 'present membership of the
committee could not be determined
officially because the personnel
changes frequently and church sourc-

nion Organizers;
Hits Coast Plant

Garber To Play As $1,200 Burns
While Seniors Hold Annual Ball

By ROBERT FITZHENRY
Michigan will pay Jan Garber and
his orchestra $1,200 to play for the
Senior Ball. Last week Ohio State
payed Ozzie Nelson $1,400 to play for
a University dance. Yale handed
Rudy Vallee and his Connecticut
Yankees $1,650 last February for
some exclusive Vallee rhythm.
The past year has marked a definite
rise in the prices paid to dance or-
chestras Walter B. Rea, assistant
dean of students declared yesterday
in an interview, and for this reason,
he said, it is getting more difficult to
secure desired talent.
Dean Rea explained that many
astern schools because of their cen -

creases the total cost, he added. As an
example Dean Rea cited the '36 J-
Hop, for which $2,300 was paid to
the Olson and Hines orchestras and
$1,800 went for decorations.
The Senior Ball Committee was
considering both Benny Goodman and
Russ Morgan for this year's assign-
ment, according to Dean Rea, but
circumstances forced the abandon-
ment of both as possibilities. "Be-
cause of his popularity in New York
Goodman has cancelled all his mid-
west engagements," he said, "while
Morgan had a conflict with a Satur-
day rehearsal for his Philip Morris
Radio hour.
"Morgan's case aptly illustrates our
problem," he continued. "If we couldl

Moore Believes Many Students
Will Donate To Book Loan Fund
More than one fourth of the stu- "One engineering freshman cannot
dents in the University are willing to return to school next fall unless he
contribute books for the projected connects with a summer job that will
student book loan fund according to furnish him some money," Professor
the results of a poll taken yesterday [ Moore said. "His home is located in
in the engineering college by Prof. an' industrial district that goes flat
Arthur D. Moore, a member of the in the summer time. If he locates
committee in charge of the plan. a summer job in the larger area near-
"More than 300 students were in- by, bus fare will use up the savings.
cluded in the survey," a statement on Room rent and board will eat into
the results made by Professor Moore his savings if he doesn't live at home
said. "The totals indicate that from In many cases, the student who is
the entire class, one book will be able to save a little and come back
turned in for every three students. has to watch every dime he has."
At this rate, the undergraduates of The first year should be considered
the two larger colleges (literary and a trial run for the plan, in the opin-
engineering) alone may turn in be- ion of Professor Moore, but it ap-
tween 2,000 and 3,000 volumes within ;ears possible, he indicated, that a

I

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