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May 26, 1937 - Image 4

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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of 11i news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper.. All
rights of republicati, n of all other matter herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4.00; by mail, $4.50.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1936-37
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Repiresentative
Board of Editors
William Spaller Robert Weeks Irvin Lisagor
Helen Douglas
NIGHT EDITORS: Harold Garn, Joseph Gies, Earl R.
Gilman. Horace Gilmore, Saul Kleiman, Edward Mag-
dol, Albert Mayo, Robert Mitchell, Robert Perlman
and Roy Sizemore,
SPORTS DEPARTMENT: Irvin Lisagor. chairman; Betsey
Anderson, Art Baldauf, Bud Benjamin, Stewart Fitch,
Roy Heath and Ben Moorstein.
WOMEN'SDEPARTMENT: Helen Douglas, chairman;
Betty Bonisteel, Ellen Cuthbert. Ruth Frank, Jane B.
Holden, Betty Lauer, Mary' Alice MacKenzie. Phyllis
Helen Miner. Barbara Paterson, Jenny Petersen, Har-
riet Pomeroy, Marian Smith, Dorothea Staebler and
Virginia Voorhees.
Business Department
CREDIT MANAGER ....................DON WILSHER
Departmental Managers
Ed Macal, Accounts Manager; Leonard P. Siegelman, Na-
tional Advertising. and Circulation Manager; Philip
Buchen, ContractsaManager; Robert Lodge, Local
Advertising Manager; William Newnan, Service Man-
ager; Marshall Sampson, Publications and Classified
Advertising Manager.

Was Europe

'The Merchant Of
SVeni ce&
-Shylock In A Red Wig-
Robert Henderson, director of the Ann Arbor
Dramatic Season, has sent the following article
on "The Merchant of Venice," currently playing
at the Mendelssohn Theatre, to the Editors of The
With a response scarcely equailed since our
production of Ibsen's "Ghosts" two seasons ago
with Alla Nazimova and Romney Brent, the pres-~
ent production of Shakespeare's "The Merchant
of Venice" at the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre is
receiving at each performance what is termed, in
the words of the theatre, an ovation; or in
practical terms of audience-response, from ten
to twelve curtain calls as the final curtail rings
It is, in our opinion-and in the most positive
opinion of audiences that have not left a vacant
seat in the Mendelssohn theatre since the festival
opened-our finest production since "Ghosts."
Its success in Hollywood, with the longest run
of a Shakespearian production on the West
Coast, is definitely duplicated in the Ann Arbor
season. There, in Hollywood, the critics gave
it such fullsome praise as calling it "the most
brilliant of local offerings," "the best perforn-.
ance of Shakespeare's comedy seen in Los An-
geles to date," "a kaleidoscope of color, packed
with verve, rhythm and excitement."
Max Reinhardt came to see the production
twice in Hollywood and wrote me a letter term-
ing it the finest production he had seen in
America; Baron de Meyer, the famous photog-
rapher for Harper's Bazaar, came backstage
after one performance and told Miss Winwood
that in Paris, London or Berlin he had never seen
a more colorful or exciting production of the
play; other Hollywood celebrities, such as George
Zukor, Edna May Oliver, Catherine Calhoun,
Doucet, James Cagney and Dorothy Parker all
added similar (and public) praise.
The production closed at the height of its
popuarity on the West Coast, in order to allow
the principal actors of the Hollywood production
to appear in Ann Arbor, but reopens at the Greek
theatre in Hollywood after the local season and
subsequently goes on a tour of twelve states this
summer. Katherine Cornell and Guthrie Mc-
Clintic, hearing of its unusual success, wired Miss
Winwood their personal congratulations after the
Hollywood opening; while Miss Cheryl Crawford,
director of the Group Theatre, is negotiating with
Robert Henderson to bring the production to
New York this fall.
The play, in its present versiop, is presented
exactly in the order in which Shakespeare wrote
it, with all of the lines intact except one short
scene after Portia has gone to the trial between
Jessica, Lorenzo and Launcelot Gobbo-a scene
which is never, so far as I can find, played in any
version. With all of the text intact, however,
such is the pace of the production, our produc-
tion of "The Merchant of Venice" plays in barely
two hours and twenty minutes. The really im-
portant compliment to the production is that
audiences leave the theatre not tired or bored
(in the theatre, another word for being "im-
pressed with its art"), but stimulated-excited
and stirred by the melodrama of Mr. Hughes'
vivid Shylock and amused at the delicious fan-
tastic comedy that is the real core of the play.
Audiences like "The Merchant of Venice," in its
present costume, as much as they would like, say,
the new Noel Coward plays; and that is the true
tribute to Shakespeare's spirit.
The production, actually, is highly traditional;
but, as often happens, actual Shakespearian tra-
ditions, resurrected from the fog of the spurious
"traditions" of Victorian productions, often seem
today startlingly new and daring. Shylock in
a red wig, the lustiness of the Italy of the fif-
teenth century, a Portia that is gay and merry
(and not the heavy grande-dame of most modern
productions), the Princes of Morocco and Aragon
-all these "innovations" in interpretations go
directly back to Shakespeare's own methods of
There may be those who cavil at the Prince
of Morocco being played by a negro artist, even
such a distinguished actor as Mr. Ingram. Some
may feel, in scholarly superiority, that only a

white actor and an English actor can read
the poetry of Shakespeare. This is a personal
prejudice; a prejudice that expressed itself with
equal vigor whep Paul Robeson played Othello.
Morocco is a Moor; his first line is "mislike me
not for my complexion"; and the great service
to the play is that a negro actor, such as a Mr.
Ingram, lifts this part usually played with such
pious dignity into the robust and swaggering
braggadocio that the lines absolutely indicate.
Again, the proof of this lies in the spontaneous
bursts of applause that follow each of Morocco's
exits in the Mendelssohn theatre.
Personally, we feel that the two definite suc-
cesses of the production, from a technical stand-
point, are due to the fact that in the present
"Merchant of Venice" Shylock is a true villain-
hero, neither God nor the devil, and he stands
not for the Jewish race but merely as a Jew, or
more importantly a man; and secondly that the
play does not end with the trial scene. The
succeeding garden scene is filled with laughter
and, for once, audiences do not reach for their
coats when the final scene returns them to Bel-
In a word, both in Hollywood and Ann Arbor,
audiences are more than "impressed" with this
present "Merchant"; they are entertained, in
comedy and in melodrama. They have a good
time; they have two hours and twenty minutes
of color and laughter and excitement. That, in
my opinion, is the theatre that Shakespeare
wrote for.

with DISRAELI - -
WE THINK that the honor guard for Com-
mencement exercises is composed of a bunch
of pretty swell fellows. Especially the chap who
was all concerned last Sunday lest any of the
various societies show up in their usual un-Sun-
day school condition when they were supposed
to serve a police force forSwingout.
He is 'an old Sphinx-the shifting sands prob-
ably uncovered him when the Pharaohs were
young-and his fatherly concern for the good be-
havior of fellow students lest they stray the way
of misdirected exhilaration is proverbial in it-
self. At any rate, when the gay young Sphinxes
rode the other night, he kept them amused with
his colorful song and the swell gurgling noises
he could make with only a bottle in his hand.
He was so good that only after he had retired
for the night did the riders realize again their
own individuality. He certainly was a good
influence because after he had gone there was
not a drop of refreshment left. Anything that
the Sphinxes did thereafter was their own vile
natures cropping up-and don't worry, they'll get
a bill for it, too.
** S
STILL on the subject of Sphinx, it was a
pleasure tofollow them when at three in
the morning they tapped Bill Watson. The tall
fellow stood in the center of a ring of extended
congratulations, a strong, handsome figure. The
cold moon shone across the huge chest of
the man, along his long beautifully formed arm
and on his lean, corded shanks. The boys shuf-
fled around him in a flashing of moonlight
on white shoes, water splotched tweeds and
dirty sweat shirts and snap brim hats. It was
as if some strange wilderness clan had seized a
captive and danced around him in the wanton
indignity of their crude customs. But everyone
beamed and Bill beamed back. The boys hopped
into their bus to be borne away to the Sigma Phi
House, and Watson went back to bed, wondering
what the hell Sphinx was all about anyway.
The CIO battle with the AF of L flames
furiously all over the country, but we thought
that some sort of crisis was reached in Wash-
ington this week. It seems that John L.
Lewis, the dark maned lion of labor, wants
to change the vacated University Club there
into his headquarters. There is a lot of re-
modeling to be done, but it happens that the
CIO has not yet touched the building trades
on organization. Lewis, of course doesn't
want to use AF of L labor, but he also cannot
sign up present members of Federation
trades unions in his organization with the
intention of using them on his offices. It
seems that the AF of L could then expell the
insurgents for belonging to a rebel union,
then since they do not recognize the CIO at
all, they could picket John L's headquarters
for being unfair to organized labor!
(OMETHING should be said about Ernest Hem-
ingway who is over there in Spain covering
what is no doubt the biggest and most important
struggle since 1914. Hemingway has written
some pretty hard and staccato fiction for years,
having ended up with bull fights and game
hunting in Africa when America ran out of
gangsters there for a while. Now he has a job
where all the harshness and horror is manufac-
tured for him and he has seized it with all his
strength. In the New Republic, for instance he
has transferred the whine of bullets and the slow
drip of coagulating blood, interspersed with the
surge of fresh wounds. It all brings home to us
with more force than we dreamed the very subtle
point we tried to make to the recruiting agent,
who approached us months ago. Gosh, it's grand
to be in Ann Arbor in the spring. Adventure is
a wonderful thing, but getting lost in the Arbore-
tum is something of an adventure too.
*, * * *
COMING HOME from a late show at the Mich-
igan last night a crowd of Bill Revelli's
Fighting Hundred in full regalia and in fine
fettle began to serenade Betsy Barbour and Helen

Newberry to the mingled delight and derision
of the girls. They were doing fine with Varsity
and When Shadows Fall and all the old stand-
bys until Buffy White up on the fifth\ floor of
Betsy dragged out her own little trumpet. Her
swing tunes were too much for the band boys who
slunk wheesily off while the applause of the girls
turned to buffy and her wild chords from Dinah
and Christopher Columbus.
-Taft Scares The D.A.R._-
(From the Nation)
A REPUBLICAN President's son stood up be-
fore the D.A.R. in annual convention as-
sembled last week and told them without qualifi-
cation that they could not get anywhere "by
painting red networks of communism across
every evening sky." Charles P. Taft, who gave the
Daughters this shock, was one of the intimate
advisers of Governor Landon in the last cam-
paign and is respected and admired as a civic
leader in Cincinnati, his home town. Hence he
cannot be whistled down as a "red" or a bol-
shevik. But he did not stop there. He also in-
formed the Daughters that "the one who shouts
communism is always discounted as a fascist at
heart and vice-versa." He next denounced the
"current efforts to identify pacifism with social-
ism." a little game in which the D.A.R. has al-
ways led the way. "Young people hate war with a
deep hatred," Mr. Taft went on, "and they
should. They cannot see why 'defense' means
protection of foreign trade and foreign invest-
ments." Then he told the Daughters a few sounc4
+,,,1- o ..n + Vi 0v .1fn, of w irh fav n- -

'Let Freedom Ring'
A Review
The Detroit Federal theatre, U.S.A.
Work program WPA, presents Let Free-
dom Ring by Albert Bein. Based on the
Grace Lumpkin novel To Make My
Bread. Directed by Austin Coghan.
Scenery by Stephen Nastfogel. Fred
Morrow, Project supervisor; Verner
Haldene, Acting project supervisor. At
the People's Theatre, 12th at Seward.
Tonight through Sunday. No matinees.
WITH a large cast of characters,
treated both as individuals and
part of various groups, passing
through a number of years, Let Free-
dom Ring tells of the exploitation of
mountain-folk in the mills of the
South and finally the beginnings of
organization for a fight against the
We see farmers -- especially the
McClure family-forced to leave the
mountains and come down to the
mill-town where poverty and the
general wretchedness is more ex-
treme, even, than it was in their
old home.
The familiar story of how the man-
ufacturer breaks all the promises
made to the workers and the result-
ing "labor troubles" are taken up in
the second act. The organization of
workers in the town, under the form-
er black sheep son of the McClures
mnakes up the third act.
So the play begins with a personal
problem-a single family under the
guidance of the heroic mother, It
then becomes a panoramic picture of
general conditions in the mills and
at the end it brings the individual
back into the group.
The playwright has succeeded in
getting an immense amount of ma-
terial into a single play. But in spite
of many forceful scenes, effective on
the stage, one cannot help feeling
that material of this sort is better
treated in print than in the theare.
This is especially true if a cast is
not available in which there are no
flaws. The Detroit Project rises to
their task and is all but completely
successful. But there are too many
small parts that detract from the
general ensemble and hold up the
sweep of the play.
The principal parts are almost all
played with the same expertness and
sincerety that was evident in the
Project's Paths of Glory three weeks
ago. Louise Huntington as the moth-
er, J. Richard Gamble in the moun-
taineer 'grandpap' Virginia Barrie,
especially, for her convincing little
girl, Edward Mason and Jay Michael
as worker and organizer, by the
strength of their characterizations
contributed to the general effective-
ness of the production. Many other
of the smaller parts were well done,
but many more were not.
The general impression was that
the play came through well, and al-
though not as finished as Paths of
Glory, continues the mature work the
Project has been doing.
'Back To 1929'
(From the New York Times)
Who has forgotten the many lugu-
brious predictions, during all the
years from 1931 to 1936, that the
country would never again witness
the level of employment reached at
any time in 1929? Factory employ-
ment is at that level now, in terms
of Miss Perkin's most recent official
figures. The Government's index
of employment in March stands at
101 (on a scale in which 100 repre-
sents average employment during the
years 1923-25), and 101 is a higher

point than that at which the index1
stood at the end of 1929. It is true,
of course, that a still higher point
will have to be reached in order to
reflect a volume of employment com-
paratively as large as that which
prevailed at the end of 1929, in terms
of the increase in the country's pop-
ulation since that date. But if some
millions of new workers have been
added to the supply of labor, these
potential producers are also actual
consumers, needing to be housed and
clothed and fed. There are more
people to use goods, as well as more
people to produce them. And there
is no sound reason for believing that
in a country with the resources and
the initiative of the United States the
level of employment reached even in
the best month of 1929 constitutes a
ceiling above which we cannot rise.
The great paradox of American re-
covery is the continuance of Federal
relief expenditures at an extraordi-
narily high level, despite, the im-
provement which has taken place
not only in employment but in other
aspects of the economic situation.
Consider the changes of the last three
years. Using in each case the Gov-
ernment's figures for the latest date
available, and comparing them with
corresponding figures for three years
ago, we find:
Factory employment ..up 25 per cent
Factory payrolls ...... up 56 per cent
Tnrii a mealnrn7>r -nn ii"d -"n nr

VOL. XLVII No. 171
Commencement Tickets: Tickets
for Commencement and the Alumni
Luncheon may be obtained on re-
quest, after June 1, at the Business
office, Room 1, University Hall. The
Commencement Week programs will
also be ready on June 1 or soon
thereafter. Inasmuch as only two
Yost Field House tickets are available
for each Senior, please present iden-'
tification card when applying for
Herbert G. Watkins.
Seniors: The firm which furnishes
diplomas for the University has sent
the following caution: "Please warn
graduates not to store diplomas in
cedar chests. There is enough of the
moth-killing aromatic oi in the av-
erage cedar chest to soften inks of1
any kind that might be stored inside
them, resulting in seriously damaging'
the diplomas."
Herbert G. Watkins.
Student Loans: There will be a
meeting of the Loan Committee in
Room 2, University Hall on Tuesday,
June 1 at 2 p.m. At that time the
Committee will consider requests for
loans for the Summer Session and the
.chool year 1937-38. All blanks for
this meeting must be submitted by
Friday, May 29.
J. A. Bursley, Chairman.
Freshman, Sophomores and Ju-,
iors in L.S.&A., Architecture, Educa-
tion, Forestry and Music: Save your-
self one dollar by leaving at Regis-
trar's Office your address for July 1
to July 15, if this has changed since
February registration. Your blue
print, giving your full record, will be
mailed shortly after commencement.
This print must be shown your ad-
viser before you register next fall.
Blue prints to replace those lost dur-
ing the summer will cost one dollar
Robert L. Williams, Assistant
June Graduates: The University
sends interesting and instructive bul-
letins periodically to all graduates
and former students. In order that
you may receive these, please keep
the Alumni Catalog Office informed
at all times regarding your correct
Lunette Hadley, Director
The University Bureau of Appoint-
inents and Occupational Information
has received notice of a position for a
man or woman to fill a teaching va-
The candidate must have a major
in social science with a minor in
English. A Bachelor of Art's degree
and two years of teaching experience
in the above mentioned subjects are
required although candidates with
their Master of Art's degrees are pre-
ferred. The beginning salary is $1,500
with six raises in consecutive years to
a maximum of $1900.
The position is in Wyoming and is
to be filled by June 3. For further
information, please call at 201 Mason
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the examina-
tion for eligibility listing for the po-
sition as Special Assistant in the Divi-
sion of Educational Research and Re-
sults in the School District of Phil-
adelphia, Pa.
Application must be made in per-
son or by mail to the Division of Ex-
aminations, Administration Building,
Philadelphia, Pa., not later than 4
p.m., D.S.T., June 21, 1937, on the
special form issued by the Division of
Examinations. Teacher's Certificate
for state of Pennsylvania must be pre-
sented along with documentary proof

of an approved graduate degree or 40
semester hours of approved graduate
courses with 30 hours of graduate or
under-graduate work taken in at

Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
Umiversity. Copy received at the oflice at the Assistant to the President
wtU 3:'20 11 -W am&.amSaturday.

Barricade?" is the title of an en-
grossing article by Elmer Davis in the current
issue of Harper's Magazine-an article which
anyone desiring to keep well-informed on the
present state of affairs in Europe should read
and re-read.
Mr. Davis presents his thesis that the Czecho-
slovak republic, carved out of the old Dual Mon-
archy by the artists of Versailles and now the one
remaining full democracy in Eastern and Cen-
tral Europe, will be decisive in the revived "Drang
Nach Osten" of the third Reich. Hitler in his
dream of a nazi-dominated Balkan peninsula and
eventual penetration into the Ukraine and the
rich granaries of this district must first face the
sturdy democracy of the anti-Fascist Masaryk
and Benes.
Already the effects of the present German
policy may be seen in the strength of the Cuza
Iron Guard faction in Roumania, in Jugo-slavia,
and, throughout the whole of that area of Eu-
rope so frequently blamed for the starting of the
World War.
Czechoslovakia itself is the recipient of much
of the Goebbels effort to consolidate Germany in
the East. The German press, Mr. Davis writes.
continuously prints fabricated stories that Czech-
oslovakia, by reason of her defensive alliance
with the Soviet Union, has become merely a
springboard for Bolshevism and a Western air-
port for those Russian planes which the German
military experts have learned to respect after a
few recent demonstrations in Spain.
This attack, he continues, is aided within
Czechoslovakia by the Sudetendeutsche Partei,
organized among the Germans of Bohemia by
Hitler's agent, Konrad Henlein. This party,
which claims to represent a majority of the 3,
200,000 Germans within the boundaries of the
nineteen-year-old republic, is essentially a mis-
sionary of the post-1933 German "kultur," but
its influence has decreased recently.
One reason for its lessening of influence has.
been the program of the Czech government to
correct many of the genuine abuses of the
German minority; another was the participation
in the government coalition, of the smaller, non-
Nazi German political groupings. Nevertheless
the weight of the Henlein following is consider-
able and its program of Czechoslovakia as a sa-
tellite of Germany, with the corollary of aban-
donment of the. French and Russian alliances,
has support outside of Germany and the Nazis in
There is a school of thought, according to Mr.
Davis, in England-with a smaller following in
France-which holds that Germany might be
bribed with the gift of Czechoslovakia to cease
casting covetous eyes at English and French col-
onial possessions, though it must take consider-
able imagination to paint a picture of a satiated
dictator. It is trite to say that, by the very
nature of his nosition, the dictator can never be

least 4 of the following:
(1) Educational Research
(2) Statistical Methods
(3) Educational Psychology
(4) Curriculum Construction
(5) Educational Guidance
(6) School organization and Ad-
Documentary proof of 5 years of
approved experience in educational
work including two years of approved
teaching experience must also be pre-
Salary $3400-$4000.
For complete details, call at the
Bureau of Appointments and Occu-
pational Information, 201 Mason
Orientation Advisors: All student
advisors working on orientation in the
League next fall please call for the
orientation pamphlet in the Under-
graduate Office between 3 and 5 p.m.
on Wednesday.
Student .Photographers: Anyone
who is interested in trying out for
the photographic staff of the 1938
Michiganensian is urged to attend
the meeting of the staff onThurs-
day afternoon at 4 p.m. Students are
xpected to furnish their own equip-
ment, but the 'Ensian furnishes all
Members of the Michigan Wolver-
ine: Membership fee refunds may be
used for the purchase of meal tickets
for next week; the difference will be
paid in cash. The full cash refund
may be obtained by calling at the
Wolverine at 6:30 p.m. on Saturday,
June 5.
The above refund will be forfeited
after June 1, 1938.
Academic Notices
Chemistry Colloquium will meet
Wednesday, May 26, at 4 p.m. in
Room 303 Chemistry Building. Dr.
R. H. Gillette, Agricultural College,
University of California, will be the
Student Recital: A recital of com-
positions written by members of the
student body of the School of Music,
and performed by students, will take
place at the School of Music Audi-
torium on Maynard Street, Fridp.y
evening, May 28, at 8:15 p.m., to
which the general public is invited.
Metal Spraying Demonstration and
Lecture: On Wednesday, May 26, the
Metallizing Engineering Company
will demonstrate their equipment
from 2 to 4 p.m. in the Metal Pro-
cessing Laboratory, Room 3313. Their
representative will lecture and show
movies of the process from 4:15 to 5
p.m. in Room 1042 East Engineering
University Lecture: Mr. Charles R.
Sanderson, Chief Librarian of the
Toronto Public Library, will speak to
the students and alumni of the De-
partment of Library Science and oth-
ers interested at 10 a.m. Wednesday,
May 26, in Room 110 of the General
Library. He will speak on the func-
tion of libraries in the world today.
Events Today
Psychology Journal Club will meet
o Wednesday, May 26, at 7:45 p.m,
in Room 3126 N.S. Mrs. Mary C.
Van Tuyl will speak on "The Life
History Method."
Michigan Dames: The book group
will hold its last meeting Wednesday,
May 26 at 8 p.m. in the Michigan
League. All members who have
borrowed books please return them
at this meeting.

Mimes: There will be an important
meeting on reorganization Thursday,
May 27, at 4:30 p.m. in the Union.
All old and new members are asked
to attend.
The German Journal Club will meet
Thursday 'at 4 p.m. in Room 319 of
the Michigan Union.
Glider Club: The University of
Michigan Glider Club will hold its
final meeting of the year Thursday at
7:30 p.m. in Room 348 W. Engineering
Building. Four very interesting films
on Gliding and Soaring will be shown,
followed by a short business meeting.
All members are urged to be present.
Phi Tau Alpha: The annual ban-
,quet of Phi Tau Alpha, honorary
classical society, will be held in the
Michigan League at 6:30 p.m. on
Thursday evening, May 27. All mem-
bers are urged to attend..
The Institute of the Aeronautical
Sciences: There will be a meeting of
' V, - if- rmhii.+- 111H:: -4


Aimliis 11 L


T owerOf Barbastro
PERPIGNAN, France, May 25.-(/P)
--Reportsd reaching the frontier to-
night said a battalion of anarchists
serving with the Spanish govern-
ment armies on the Huesca front had
revolted, marched to the rear, seized
the town of Barbastro and there shot
100 persons.
General Sebastian Pozas, com-
manding government troops in Cata-
lonia, was reported to have sent two
battalions of regular army infantry
from Lerida to quel the revolt and
free Barbastro.
Barbastro lies-about 30 miles south-
east of Huesca on the road to Bar-
(An anarchist uprising in Cata-
lonia early this month, centering in
Barcelnna was sunnrtssed after mnre

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