Cloudy, snow flurries, colder
southeast portion today; to-
morrow fair and continued
And Unions ...
VOL. XLVII No. 102 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, FEB. 25, 1937 e
PRICE FiVE CENTS
Federal Jury Rules
Townsend Is Guilty
Louisville, Hard Hit ByFlood,
Rallies Forces In Re-Building
Maximum Penalty Would
Include Fine Of $1,000
And Year In Prison
'Work Will Go On,'
Pension Head Says
Sentence Delayed Pending
Motion For New Trial
On Walkout Action
WASHINGTON, Feb. 24.-(P)-Dr.
F. E. Townsend, staring straight
ahead without a flicker of emotion
on his lean, angular face, heard a
federal jury declare today that he
was guilty of contempt of the House
The verdict made the old age pen-
sion man liable to a possible jail sen-
tence for his sensational walkout
last May on a House committee in-
vestigating the Townsend movement.
Te maximum penalty is $1,900 fine
and a year in jail.
Verdict Not Unexpected
"The verdict was not unexpected,"
Townsend said. "We have some rea-
son to expect such a verdict here, but
expect to win eventually. In any case
my work will go on. This will make
Justice Peyton Gordon allowed the
70-year-old doctor three days in
which to file a motion for a new trial
and delayed passing sentence until
after action on the motion.
Elisha Hanson, Townsend counsel,
said that if the motion were over-
ruled the case would be appealed on
the grounds Justice Gordon erred in
excluding evidence of the "justifica-
tion" for Dr. Townsend's walkout.
Calls Questioning 'Unfair'
Townsend, in leaving the commit-
tee room, had called the questioning
It took the jury, which included a
5-year-old housewife and a 63-
year-old unemployed man, only 50
minutes to reach a verdict. The jur-
ors heard only two defense witnesses,
Townsend himself and Rep. Tolan
(Dem., Calif.) a Townsendite and
member of the investigating commit-
Townsend denied the assertion yes-
terday by a state witness, John B.
Kiefer, former Townsend aide, that
the "walkout" was planned "as a
strategic move" before Townsend was
even summoned by the committee.
On Court Plan
Sen. Prentiss M. Brown, Michigan
Democrat, is on the fence in regard
to the President's court proposal and
is unable to indicate on which side
he will finally alight.
"I am entirely frank when I say
that I have not made up my mind,"
the Michigan Senator responded to a
Daily query on his attitude. Sen. Ar-
thur H. Vandenberg, Michigan Re-
publican, has been one of the more
outspoken critics of the court pro-
posal, which will allow President
Roosevelt to appoint as many as six
new Supreme Court justices.
"I want to assure The Michigan
Daily, as I have assured the law fac-
ulty of the University, that this mat-
ter has received, and will continue to
receive, my closest attention," Sen-
ator Brown wrote.
He has determined to put himself
"in the frame of mind that we tell
juries to be in until practically all
the discussion is closed and I intend
to speak about it at some length my-
self. My personal attitude is one of
inquiry and hope that we can meet
what I consider to be an unfortunate
situation in some better way than so
Bates To Address
Forum About Court
Dean Henry M. Bates of the Law
School will give his interpretation, of
the "President's Proposal on the Su-
preme Court" at the opening program
of the second series of Sunday For-
ums in the Union ballroom at 4:30
p.m. The discussion, conducted by
the Union, features lectures by noted
Tryouts For Daily
Staffs Report Today
Second-semester freshmen inter-
ested in working on The Michigan
Daily editorial, sports and women's
staff are invited to report at 4 p.m.
today at The Daily offices in the Stu-
dent Publications Building.
For the remainder of this semester,
tryouts on all three staffs will become
I acquainted with Daily organization
and style. Those retained after ap-
pointment in May will become re-
porters during their sophomore year.
Positions available for staff mem-
bers during their junior and senior
years are salaried. No sophomore or
freshman staff members are paid.
Six Freshmen a
Story Receiving First l
Award To Be Printed In
Awards totaling $150 were awarded
to six freshmen students of the lit-
erary college yesterday for prize-
winning manuscripts submitted in
the annual freshman Hopwood con-
Awards of $50, $30 and $20 were
made to Harvey Swados, Dennis
Flanagan and Stanley Mitchell Swin-
ton, respectively, for work in the field
of prose fiction. In the field of
poetry, prizes of $40 were awarded to
Barbara Stroebel and Frank M. Con-
H. Gordon Green received the dis-
tinction of being the only duplicate
winner in this year's contest by gain-
ing third prize in poetry of $20 as well
as the only award made in the field
of essay, $50.
The Freshman Hopwood Commit-
tee expressed the opinion that Green's
essay, entitled "My Father and the
University," was "the most promising
writing in all of the contests."
Swados' story, entitled "Amateurs,"
will be included among Edward J.
O'Brien's "Best Short Stories of
1937." O'Brien read the story in
"Contemporary," campus literary
quarterly, when he was in Ann Ar-
bor recently on a visit to the Univer-
According to Prof. Roy W. Cowden,
director of the Hopwood Awards,
there were 52 manuscripts in this
year's contest submitted by 42 stu-
dents, somewhat smaller numbers
than last year.
The Freshmen Hopwood Commit-
tee is composed of Prof. Philip L.
Schenk of the English department,
chairman; Allan Seager and John F.
Weimer both of the English depart-
Drive For Hill
Claim Victory After Two
Charges Are Repulsed
MADRID, Feb. 24. -MP)- The
flower of Spain's rival armies battled
tonight for possession of strategic
Pinzarron Hill in what a government
officer said was "perhaps the heav-
iest" battle in the nation's history.
Twice government militia men
charged up the slopes and twice they
were thrown back by heavy machine
gun and rifle fire. Then they gained
a foothold on the sides.
"The hill is practically ours," said
a Spaniard who commands the gov-
ernment forces in that sector, south-
east of Madrid. But he did not say
the insurgents had been driven com-
pletely off the top.
From that summit the insurgent
artillerymen have commanded a sec-
tion of the vital Madrid-Valencia
highway, the main road still linking
Madrid with the government head-
quarters on the Mediterranean.
Casualties in the .Tarama fighting,
Disaster Loan Corporation
Opens To Assist Home
Owners And Merchants
By VIVIAN LERNER
LOUISVILLE, Ky., Feb. 24.-(Spe-
cial to The Daily)-Heriocally wag-
ing virtual war against the terrific,
damage occasioned by the flood in
the Midwest; Louisville inhabitants
are gradually restoring the city to its
former status in a thocoug:i rehabil-
One of the first steps taken to
achieve this goal was the formation,
of the Disaster Loan Corporation,
which opened at 9 a.m. Monday ,to
receive loan applications, operating
under the supervision of the R.F.C.
It received authorization under the
recent Barkley-Bulkley bill, granting
$20,000,000 for flood rehabilitation.
These loans are being extended to
business organizations and home
owners whose property has been
ruined by the recent disaster.
"The purpose of this corporation,"
said Mayor Neville Miller in an in-
terview, "is to extend funds to those
individuals who have no securities of
any nature, and who are unable to
meet the requirements of ordinary
lending agencies." These loan exten-
sions are made in accordance with
the ability of the borrower to repay,
he stated, and securities will be re-
quested only in instances where the
applicant is able to give them. It
was estimated that the greater ma-
jority of loans would range between
$100 and $1,000.
To the city signs which read, "Byl
courage, by faith, by working togeth-
er, we'll build a greater- Louisville,"
Mayor Miller added emphatically,
"My aim is to make Louisville
the best town in the Ohio Valley."
Federal funds will be asked for, he
said, in addition to those now avail-
able. "At least $600,000 will be neces-
sary to rebuild the schools of the
city," said the mayor.
Flood refugees are still crowding
the relief lines, where the American
Red Cross provides them with food
and clothing. Many of them carry
all their remaining possessions with
"It will require at least from eight
to 12months before Louisville-can get
back to normal," said E. J. Day,
general foreman of the rehabilitation
To Gophers, 3-1
Minnesota Scores Twice
In Last Period After
Wild, Heated Contest
Noted Lecturer Here
Capt. .D. Craig
Noted Ocean Adventurer
To Illustrate Talk With
f Motion Pictures;
Capt. John D. Craig, noted deep
sea diver and photographer, will givej
the sixth of the current Oratorical1
Association's lecture series at 8:15
p.m. today in Hill Auditorium.
He will lecture on the subject "Div-
ing Among Sea Killers." The lecture
will be illustrated with his Motion
Picture Academy prize-winning films.
Captain Craig has achieved dis-
tinction as an author, scientist, sol-
dier of fortune and motion picture
producer. At the age of 19 he set
out to see the world and seek adven-
ture. For ten years he traveled, start-
ing to the gold fields of the Yukon,
where he was snowbound for a winter,
and ending last year marooned on a
desert island in the South Seas. Dur-
ing these trips he acquired much in-
formation about the various coun-
tries which later stood him well in his
adventure-picture production work.
Upon returning to Americaie was
signed by an American film company.
With his background of adventure
and world travel he was shipped to
odd spots to make background shots
later to be "processed" into some big
feature picture. Captain Craig made
the scenes giving authenticity and
atmosphere, and they were shipped
to Hollywood to be used in produc-
One of his most recent and best
known pictures is "Sea Killers" which
took him down to the South Seas
where he "went fishing with subma-
rine cameras." Parts of this- film will
be shown in his lecture here.
Peace Council Will
Hold Anti-War Day
Michigan students' observance of
the annual spring anti-war day April
22 was discussed by the Peace Council
last night in the Union.
A Peace Senate will be held near
the end of March, to acquaint stu-
dents with the purpose of the anti-
war day. Ed Stone, Grad., is in
charge of the program.
The history and aims of the stu-
dent anti-war movement will be ex-
amined at the Peace Council's meet-
ing next Wednesday. The Council
- will invite representatives of all ac-
tive campus organizations to attend.
Hell Week Still
Interfraternity Group Is
Unable To Find Answer
To Old Question
Of '36 Resolution
The annual problem play titled
"What Is Hell-Week," starring the
Interfraternity Council, was enacted
at the meeting of that body last night
in the Union.
To define this abolished fraternity
phenomenon in a manner satisfactory
to all the members of the Council so
that violations can be easily deter-
mined, was the object but not the'
result of the meeting. Dissatisfaction
was expressed over, the resolution
passed last year abolishing Hell-Week
because the resolution was so vague
that "there are 40 different ideas on
how to interpret it."
An effort was made to make more
specific that part of the resolution
passed April 6, 1936 which says, " . . .
there should be no physical mistreat-
ment of pledges, no indecent prac-
tices, no interference with class work,;
and all training activities should be
confined to the chapter house."
After one member suggested discard-
ing the resolution, which he described
as "one of the most beautiful jobs of
railroading I've ever seen," the view
was expressed by George Cosper, '37,
president, that the resolution was
fundamentally workable but should
perhaps be made more specific.
Specific proposals advanced to re-
move the vagueness of the Hell-Week
abolishing resolution were postponed
until a meeting next Tuesday, because
Cosper wished to ascertain what defi-
nite proposals had already been made
Rushing was also discussed at the
meeting and five proposals made by*
Jack Otte, '37, chairman of the com-
mittee on rushing, were voted on. The
one proposal passed on placed the be-
ginning of the rushing period on
Wednesday of Orientation Week,
three days earlier than previously.
It was decided to hold a banquet
for newly initiated members March
23, at which the pledge class having
the highest marks will be awarded a
King Henry VIII
Chosen As Next
As its most ambitious attempt, Play
Production will present to the cam-
pus as its next offering of the year
Shakespeare's "King Henry VIII."
The play was chosen, Valentine B.
Windt, director of Play Production
explained, because the group has been
encouraged to do one of the less usual
of Shakespeare's plays and because
it will involve in its complete pro-
duction practically all of the students
in Play Production.
"The play is interesting," Mr.
Windt stated, "because of the con-
troversy existing on how much of the
play was actually written by Shake-
speare. It is believed to be Shake-
speare's last play."
Play Producion will be assisted in
the presentation by thenSchool of Mu-
sic and the department of physical
education. The casting for the play
which will be presented on March 31,
April 1-3, has already begun, it was
With UnionAs GM
Settles New Points
Makes Chrysler Bid
MINNEAPOLIS, Feb. 24-UP)-Min-
nesota's hockey team conquered
Michigan, 3 to 1, tonight in one of
the wildest college games here in re-
cent years. The victory gave the
Gophers a 2-1 edge in their four-
game series and the lead in the Big
The first period was listless until
Jimmy Carlson, the Norsemen's
flashy center, took a loose puck from
his own defense zone, dribbled
through the Wolverine defense and
shot it into the net at 13:00.
Two rival defense men-Dick Kroll
of the Gophers and Robert Simpson
of the Wolves-clashed early in the
second period and were given major
penalties for fighting. Gib James;
Michigan wing, went to the box a
few minutes later for tripping.
Playing a stalling game with only
three men on the ice, and with
Minnesota's entire team in the Wol-
verine defense zone, Capt. Heyliger
and Fabello got a clean break to tie
A minute after the third opened
Carlson again stick-handled his way
through the opponents and set upl
Wally Taft for a perfect shot to
break the tie. Midway in the session
Loane Randall took the puck from
center ice and, after circling the
defense, took a hard shot at the Wol-
verine goal. Ray Wallace, Minnesota
wingman, skated in fast to take the
rebound and score the final goal after
eight minutes of play.
The teams conclude their four-
game series Friday night. The firsi
two were played earlier at Ann Arbor.
To Be Given Today
Owing to the small number of
women who started the tuberculir
test Tuiesav. the test will be giver
- Associated Press Photo
Richard T. Frankensteen (above),
United Automobile Workers organ-
izational director, composed the
telegram sent to Walter P. Chrys-
ler demanding recognition of the
union as the bargaining agency for
all Chrysler plants.
(By The Associated Press)
Demands for higher pay and union
recognition sent hundreds of recruits
into the ranks of the nation's strik-
Approximately 25,000 persons were
idle in labor disputes at more than
40 industrial and business firms scat-
tered from New England to the Pa-
Production was curtailed or halted
in textile and paper mills; cigar and
auto parts factories; laundries, ship
yards, steel and iron foundries; and a
huge airplane plant.
Secretary Roper Comments
In a dozen centers the employes
participated in "sit down" demon-'
strations. Commenting on this stra-
tegy, Secretary of Commerce Roper
"Any sit down strike that under-
takes to take over private property
is a serious and fundamental thing
and in my opinion would not be long
endured by the courts."
He spoke after Connecticut State
Police removed 107 of these squatters
from the property of the Electric
Boat Company, builders of submar-
ines for the government at Groton.
The first actual eviction of seden-
tary strikers had a peaceful sequel
at Decatur,sIll. There SheriffsEm-
ery Thornell led 25 deputies and po-
licemen to the Century Wallpaper
Mills to oust 47 men who had held
the plant for two days in defiance of
a court order.
Strikers Surrender Plant
But the strikers surrendered the
plant and appeared in circuit court
in answer to contempt citations. They
were released on their own recogni-
zance pending a hearing March 16.
The company, employing 300 persons,
announced production would be re-
Several hundred "sit downers" ig-
nored the management's request to
leave the Douglas Aircraft Company's
plant and "avoid trouble" at Santa
Monica, Calif. The concern's $24,-
000,000 construction program-in-
cluding $19,000,000 in Federal con-
tracts-was at a standstill and 5,-
600 workers were jobless.
Nine hundred persons were thrown
out of work at the Illinois Watch
Case Company at Elgin when 600
members of the Jewelry Workers
Union sought recognition and a min-
imum pay scale. The plant was pa-
trolled by the strikers in a test of
the "efficacy of a legal picket strike'
SPRINGFIELD, O., Feb. 24.-()-
A strike of 800 pressmen at the Crow-
ell Publishing Co. plant ended late
today when the company signed an
agreement recognizing the Press-
New Strikes In Detroit
Continue Series That
Has Swept District
Majority Of Men
Claimed By Union
Agreement To Meetings
Comes After Contact
Over Telephone N
DETROIT, Feb. 24.- (At) -The
Chrysler Corporation agreed tonight
to confer on collective bargaining
with the United Automobile Workers
of America, as union conferees ne-
gotiating strike issues with General
Motors reached tentative agreements
on three more of their demands.
Chrysler, with four divisions-Ply-
mouth, Dodge, DeSoto and Chrysler
-employing 77,000 persons in nine
cities, is the second major automobile
producer to deal with the union.
A tentative agreement to begin
conferences next Wednesday- was
reached in a telephone conversation
between Richard T. Prankensteen,
U.A.W. organizational director, and
Herman L. Weckler, vice-president
and general Manager of DeSoto Mo-
Weckler Chosen By Chrysler
Weckler was one of two Chrysler
executives named by Walter P. Chry-
sler, chairman of the board, at New
York to "speak for" the corporation.
Frankensteen had telegraphed the
union's request for a conference to.
Homer Martin, union president,
who has described relations with
Chrysler as "satisfactory," said re-
cently the UAWA will request recog-
nition as sole bargaining agency for
Chrysler employes. It claims a ma-
jority of Chrysler workers are in-
cluded in its membership, which Mar-
tin says exceeds 200,000.
Details of tentative agreements
reached by Union and General Mo-
tors negotiators this. afternoon on
seniority, methods of pay, and speed
of production were withheld.
tOnly Three Points Remain
C. E. Wilson, vice-president head-
ing the corporations conferees, said
only three points remained for dis-
cussign-specific cases of alleged dis
crimination against union workers,,
the union demand for a 30-hour work
week instead of the present 40-hour'
schedule, and the question of min-
John Brophy, CIO director, who
has participated in some of the con-
ferences with General Motors offi-
cials, said today calls for organizers
to aid workers in small automotive
and other industrial plants have
swamped CIO leaders. Nearly a score
of small sit-down and other strikes
have affected such plants in Detroit
in the past week.
Brophy indicated the CIO may
consider setting up a division to aid
workers in miscellaneous industries.
The group originally was designed
to organize workers in mass produc-
DETROIT, Feb. 24.-(AP)-Several
hundred employes of the Ferry-Morse
Seed Company went on strike today,
the latest in an epidemic of "sit-
downs" in the Detroit area.
A strike and shutdown caused a
suspension of operations at a plant
of the Timken-Detroit Axle Com-
pany. Agreements had been reached
in a number of strikes while a dozen
other plants were idle because of
Strike leaders said between 500 and
600 women quit work in the Seed
Company's packing, checking and
mail order department and were
joined later by office workers.
Others Leave Plant
A'group of workers who refused to
join the strike left the building.
Women strikers, who said their aver-
age wage was 26 cents an hour, de-
manded 50 to 55 cents, while several
men asked 85 cents.
At the Timken plant workers said
600 night shift employes were un-
able to leave the plant in the morn-
ing because doors were locked and
padlocks had been placed on gates.
A companynotice said the plant was
"closed untilfurther notice."
Organizers for the United Automo-
bile Workers Union said demands of
employes include a 40-hour week,
abolition of piece work systems and
wage scales ranging from $1.25 an
hour for skilled labor to a minimumi
of 75 cents for all workers.
Union's Coffee Hour Anxieties
Include 'Too Few Professors"
By JAMES A. BOOZER you either coffee or cocoa. You help
"Coffee Hour." The hour is 5 p.m. yourself to little cakes, and thus
Th'e place is the small ballroom in laden, you look about for someone you
the Union. And as usual, 20 or 30 know.
men students have gathered into There is the rare chance that you
small informal groups discussing know no one at all on this particular
which professors give the hardest afternoon, so you worm into one of
marks, which radio program is tops, the groups. That's the spirit of the
or did you hear the one-? thing.
Not that all the - conversation is "We are gratified to see many of
superficial. Over there is a crowd the same faces showing up every day,
of fellows engrossed in an economic and a mounting number of new ones,"
discussion, and from the serious coun- says Frederick Geib, '38, in charge of
tenances in the group over by the the hours.
window, politics or philosophy must If the men students can come in
be in the air. Or it may be whether for only ten or fifteen minutes, Geib
the American or National leagues will urges them to do so. Once they
win the baseball pennant next sum- are there, he feels certain they'll be-
me. come devotees of the custom of 4 P.m.1