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May 12, 1937 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1937-05-12

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The Weather
Thundershowers, somewhat
warmer; today generally fair
and cooler.

L

Sir 43Uf

Iai

Editorials
The Industrial
Relations Act ...

VOL. XLVII No. 159 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MAY 12, 1937

PRICE 5 CENTS

Fog And Noise
Invade London
As Coronation
PageantStarts
Revelry Scenes Continue
Through Night As Crowd
Packs City's Streets
Forecasts Of Rain,
Fail To Dishearten
LONDON, May 12.-(P)--Fog and
clamor enveloped London today as
coronation day began.
Scenes of revelry continued through
the night in the packed streets of
that part of London which will wit-
ness the day's magnificent pagean-
try.
In the depths of Buckingham Pal-
ace King George VI and Queen Eliza-
NEW YORK, May 11.-(AP)-
Great Britain's great day, the
coronation of King George and
Queen Elizabeth, will be on the
air in its entirety via American
networks Wednesday, from early
dawn until late afternoon.
They will open at 4 a.m. on the
combined WEAF-WJZ-NBC and
4:15 on WABC-CBS and WOR-.
MBS for the ceremonies and pro-
cession, which are to continue
until about 9:45.
beth attempted to snatch a little
sleep in preparation for their day of
dedication.
An army of traffic policemen begant
closing of the route of the corona-..
tion procession, attempting to resolvet
the greatest traffic jam of London'st
history into the semblance of order.4
Humanity jammed and crushed
along the entire six-mile route. Somea
appeared to sleep standing, but the
increasing din, as hundreds of thou-
sands came clamoring into the scene,
made sleep for most impossible.
The forecast of scattered rain fort
the big day did not daunt the throngs.E
They arrived on the scene bearingf
periscopes, lunchkits, guitars, accor-s
dions, flasks, mattresses.
Piccadilly Circus and Hyde Park
were jammed.
West end traffic crawled at a bare
mile an hour with traffic lights use-a
less against the crush of vehicles.
There was still no bus service becauseP
of the strike of 25,000 busmen. Otherf
transport continued as usual, but
heavily overloaded.-
Anti-Coronation Riots
Injure Many In Dublin 4
DUBLIN, 3Vay 11.--WP)-Police bat-v
tled parading Irish Republicans in the
center of Dublin tonight in an ef-
fort to enforce a ban on anti-cor-
onation demonstrations and several
persons were critically injured.
Shots were fired during the melee
which came after P. J. Ruttledge the
Free State Minister of Justice an-
nounced authorities would prevent
manifestations "designed to repudi-.
ate the coronation of the English king
as king of Ireland and to demand
the Republic's immediate restora-
tion." I

Germany Did Not Want Helium
When Offered, Pawlowski Says

I u By JOSEPH MATTES
Refutation of charges Uiat the
United States is partially responsible
for the Hindenburg disaster because
of its "refusal" to sell helium to other
lountries was made yesterday by Prof.
F. W. Pawlowski of the aeronautical
engineering department.
"The German Zeppelin Co. was of-
fered the use of Helium under Pres-
ident Hoover's administration," Pro-
fessor Pawlowski said. "The offer was
refused for three reasons.
"One was that helium is about
twice as heavy as hydrogen. In an
tirship of the Hindenburg's displace-
ment, this would mean a 37,000-
pound loss of lift out of the 42,000
pounds provided for the entire pay-
load. To compensate for it, it would
be necessary to increase the size of'
the ship substantially," he said.
"Another reason is that helium is
about 10 times as expensive as hydro-
gen and cost of the amount of helium
necessary to fill this airship would
run into hundreds of thousands of
dollars; and the gas must be renewed
several times per year on account
of the contamination of the light gas
with air. This is due to osmosis

through the porous fabric separating
the two gases, a process which goes
on all the time," he said.
The third reason Professor Paw-
lowski enumerated was that in time
of war:nations wished to be inde-
pendent of a foreign supply of gas.
"If,in spite of the above aerostatic
and structural, as well as economic
and military, aspects of the problem,
the builders and operators have de-
cided to use this inherently dangerous
type of airship for public transpor-
tation purposes, they should not shun
the responsibility for this catas-
trophe," Professor Pawlowskissaid.
"After all, the responsibility for safety
in any kind of operation remains
with the operators."
He said it should "not-be forgotten
that airships can be rendered safe by
other means than the use of helium;
for example, metal-clad airships."
"It seems to me," he said, "that this
whole matter should be left to spe-
cialists, and discussed with more dig-
nity and less hysteria."
Professor Pawlowski said he hoped
to answer comments of Boak Carter,
radio commentator, who, he said,{
,fontinued on Page

Downs' Trial
Is Continued
In Strike Case
Worker's Head Is Charged
With Loitering; Slater
Has Trial Postponed
Four local policemen yesterday tes-
tified that traffic in front of the Ann
Arbor Recreation Center was tied up
the night of April 8, as the prosecu-
tion rested its case in the court of
Justice Jay H. Payne against Tom
Downs, '39, president of the Student
Workers' Federation, for loitering in)
a public place.
The four policemen, Sergeant Nor-
man Cook, Edward Iler, Albert Heu-
sel and Julius Ehnius, all testified
that traffic was congested at the time
Downs was addressing a group pick-
eting the Center, and that it was dif-
ficult for people to walk freely on'the
sidewalk.,
Sergeant Cook explained that be-
fore he arrested Downs, he warned
him to stop addressing the crowd.
When Downs refused to stop, he was
arrested and charged with speaking
in public without a permit from the
Mayor. Since that date it has been
found that there is no city ordinance
covering this, and the charge against
Downs has been changed to loitering
in a public place.
. After City Attorney William Laird
rested his case for the city, Downs
was called to the stand as the first
witness for the defense. He told the
history of the case of the striking pin
(Continueca on Page 6)
Mola's Army
Drives Toward
Basque Capitol
VITORIA, Northern Spain, May 11.
-(P)--General Emilio Mola reported

Senate Warned
America Faces
Fascist Danger
Ambassador f o Germany
Claims Billionaire Has
Given Plan Support
BERLIN, May 11.-(P)-United
States Ambassador William E. Dodd
today warned against the danger of a
Fascist dictatorship in the United
States which he said an American
billionaire was ready to support "and
of course control.''
Dodd disclosed he had written a
letter to Sen. Robert J. Bulkley (Dem.,
0.), declaring "the situation is more
dangerous than at any time since
Lincoln."
Copies of the letters were sent Sen-
ator Carter Glass (Dem., Va.) and
others pointing out to them what
Dodd considered a trend in some
American quarters towards establish-,
ment off an authoritarian state.
He declined to name the billionaire,
saying his information had come to
him confidentially from friends.
"If the party which re-elected the
President by an overwhelming ma-
jority last year decides to do as
both parties have done -in the past,
we are in grave danger of losing our
democratic system," the ambassador's
letter declared.
"If the party breaks up, the 801
per cent anti-Democratic press may
do what the 80 per cent pro-slavery
press did in the South between 1830
and 1860," he wrote after referring
to other crises in American history.
"There are individuals of great
wealth-who wish a dictatorship and
are ready to help a Huey Long. There
are politicians, some in the Senate
I've heard, who think they may come
into power like that of the European
dictators in Moscow, Berlin andj
Rome,
"One man, I've been told by per-
sonal friends, who owns nearly a
billion dollars is ready to support such
i program and of course control it,"
his letter stated,
Dodd declared. "these dangers and
their likely consequences" caused him
to write the letter, and asserted that
a 40-year study of history convinced
him that "all of us who believe in
our system must do what we can to
support our President even if we wish
to amend some of his reform meas-
ures."

Urges Relief
Cut To Check
Crash Danger
Tydings Calls Economics
Necessary To Forestall
New Depression
Extension Of CCC
For 2 Years Voted
WASHINGTON, Mayh1.-(/)- A
Senate torn between the urge to
economize and to spend heard Sen-
ator Tydings (Dem., Md.) declare to-
day that another depression is in the
offing and that the nation must
economize to prepare for it.
Meantime, on the other side of the
capitol, authoritative sources said
that a House appropriations sub-
committee had tentatively decided on
a $1,000,000,000 relief appropriation
for next fiscal year. This is $500,000,-
000 less than recommended by Presi-
dent Roosevelt.
However Representative Boland of
Pennsylvania, Democratic whip, de-
clared "We'll put the $500,000,000
back."
Opposes TVA Dam
Senator Tydings opposing a pro-
posed $112,000,000 TVA dam at Gil-
bertsville, Ky., said that another de-
pression "which we all know must
come at least in some degree" had
been "predicted" by Marriner Eccles,
chairman of the Federal Reserve
Board, by eFormer Vice-President
Dawes and by "economists through-
out the country."
Some, he added, had said it would
come in 1939.
"With the depression back of us,
now is the time to avoid unnecessary
expenditures until we can bring our
outgo and our income within line,"
he declared.
Senator King (Dem., Utah) agreed
with Tydings, shouting that Adminis-
tration spending policy "crackles with
disaster."
A short time before Senator Mc-
Gill (Dem., Kan.), presiding over the
Senate, had overruled Senator Clark
(Dem., Mo.) who raised a point of
order demanding to know by what
authority the Senate appropriations
committee included authorization of
the Gilbertsville dam in the second
deficiency appropriation bill.
Senate Recesses
Controversy grew to such heat that
the Senate recessed overnight without
reaching a vote on authorization of
the dam and debate was expected
to continue most of tomorrow.
By a 224 to 34 standing vote theI
House accepted an amendment im-
posing a 2-year limit on extension of
the Civilian Conservation Corps. The
amendment was offered by Represen-
tative LanhaMi (Dem., Texas) during
debate on a bill embracing President
Roosevelt's recommendation that CCC
be made permanent.
This was the first major rebuff
the House has aimed at the President
this session.

Citizens Seek
Second Probe
Of Police Acts
Clergymen Deniand That
Officials Refute Charges
Or Reorganize Force
Commissioners End
Suma Case Hearing
Four pr ominent Ann Arbor citi-
zens demanded last night that a com-
plete and fair investigation be made
into charges of burtality by Ann Ar-
bor police during the arrest last week
of Fred Chase, University custodian.
Police commissioners held an in-
vestigation and examined witnesses in
an inquiry that ended Monday night.
A report will be submitted to the may-
or.
When told that the investigation
into the conduct of Patrolman Her-
man Suma, the arresting officer, had
been closed, Dr. Henry Lewis, rector
of St. Andrews Episcopal Church,
made the following statements:
Disturbed By Articles
I have been very much disturbed
over the articles appearing in The
Daily describing cases of brutality
by certain members of the Ann Ar-
bor police force. The evidence tell-
ing of such brutality appears to b'e of
such a nature as to warrant a com-
plete and real investigation into the
facts of each case. I believe that
such an investigation should leave'
no doubt in the minds of our citi-
zens that everything has been done
to get at the truth."
Rev. W. P. Lemon of the Presby-
terian Church also demanded an in-
vestigation, stating:
Asks Thorough Probe
"In view of the serious nature of
the charges of police brutality made
in The Daily, I believe that city of-
ficials should take cognizance of these
statements and either refute them
or take steps to remedy the situation
in the police department."
Dr. Frank Wessel, 714 Huron St.,
said:
"I think that it is to the best in-
terests of the citizens of Ann Arbor
that a thorough investigation be
made and prompt action be taken by
the mayor. With all the sneak-theiv-
ing going on in Ann Arbor I should
think that the police would have
other things to do besides beating up
drunken old men and tagging cars. If
the evidence presented in the Daily
was true it is apparent that Chase
was treated in a dastardly manner."
Angell Expresses Need
Professor Robert Angell of the so
ciology department expressed a be-
lief that there was need for a prompt
and thorough investigation.
Bystanders charged that Chase's
arrest on May 1 at the corner of
State Street and N. University was
characterized by unnecessary bru-
tality.
No eye witnesses near enough to
Patrolman Suma and Chase to hear
the conversation preceeding the blow
have been produced.
Witnesses who saw the action af-
ter the first blow stated that Patrol-
man Suma smashed Chase several
times and that when he was hit he
was making no effort to resist the
officer.
Business Men
Are Reported'

'.For'_TagDay
Lists of city business supporters of
the Fresh Air Camp Tag Day to date
were announced yesterday by Wil-
liam G. Barndt, .'37, general chair-
man of the drive.
The number of firms who have con-
tributed following the first day of pre-
tag day solicitation among business
men of Ann Arbor includes mainly
companies from the campus area,
Barndt said. The drive yesterday
was carried on along State Street and
the business section on South Univer-
sity east of the campus. Campaigns
today and tomorrow will be taken
into the downtown sections. The
campus drive is to come Friday.
Firms which have donated to the
funds, Barndt said, include Wahr's,
the Parrot, Calkins-Fletcher, Van Bo-
ven's, the Baltimore Lunch, Swift
Drug Store, Withams, Student Sup-
ply, Ulrich's, German-American Res-
taurant, College Inn, Canton-Degen-
er, A. C. Barth, Ivory's, Harrison
Lunch, Rogers Men Store, Lirette
Beauty shop, Church St. Barbers,
Carlson Dru. Osie T at. Camnus

Flagstad To Open
44th Annual May
Festival Tonight

KIRSTEN FLAGSTAD
Labor Trouble
Continues In 2
Big Industries
Await Showdown At Steel
Plants As Extra Police
Patrol FilmCapitol
(By Associated Press)
Two of the nation's leading in-
dustries-steel and motion pictures-
wrestled Tuesday with persistent

Opens May Festival

Philadelphia Symphony,
Directed By Ormandy,
To Play Bach Selections
Plan Six Concerts
Here In Four Days
Two InstrumIlentalists And
Seven Stars Of Opera
Will AlsoAppear Here
Approximately 5,000 persons are
expected to fill Hill Auditorium at
8:30 p.m. today to witness Kirsten
Flagstad and the Philadelphia Sym-
phony Orchestra under Eugene Or-
mandy dramatically open the - 44th
annual May Festival.
The concert will usher in what is
expected to be the most successful
May Festival series yet presented by
the School of Music. Six concerts
will be given in the four days of the
Festival, one each evening with mat-
inee performances Friday and Sat-
urday.
Seven Metropolitan Opera stars
have been procured to sing in the
Festival: Miss Flagstad and Elizabeth
Rethberg, sopranos; Marion Telva,
contralto, Lauritz Melchior and Ar-
thur Carron, tenors; Carlo Morelli,
baritone, and Ezio Pinza bass. Two
famous young instrumentalists have
also been engaged. They are Eugene
List, pianist, and Joseph Knitzer,
violinist.

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labor troubles. Christian To Play
A showdown was awaited at Pitts- In addition to this waiting talent,
burgh to determine whether union Palmer Christian, University organ-
workers will strike at plants of the ist, and Prof. Earl V. Moore, director
Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation of the School of Music will partici-
and those of other leading indepen- pate. Professor Moore will serve as
dent producers. director of the May Festival and will
The Steel Workers Organizing also conduct tomorrow night and
Committee discussed CIO organiza- Saturday night when the presentation
tion with the Republic Steel Corpora- of "Aida" will be given.
tion at Cleveland but made no prog- The University Choral Union of
ress. more than 300 voices, the Young
At Hollywood extra police patrolled People's Festival Chorus composed of
strike-affected film studios while several hundreds of Ann Arbor pub-
picketing of movie theatres was start- Ilic school students, the Lyra Club,
ed in New York city. an organization of male voices and
Meanwhile, John L. Lewis' Coin- the University Glee club will appear
mittee for Industrial Organization 'at various times throughout the Fes-
took another step toward establish- tival. The Glee Club will be on the
ing a labor power rivalling the Amer- Festival program for the first time.
ican Federation of Labor by issuing T. Play BachSeleotions
charters to the United Transport AtohtyBaopee on s
Workers, a union of subway and At tonight's opening concert Miss
street car employes in New York City, Flagstad will offer Debussy's La
and to the United Chocolate Work- , Weber's aria "Leise, Leise"
ers at Hershey, Pa. from "Der Freischutz," and Brunn-
hilde's Immolation and Closing Scene
from "Gotterdammerung," by Wag-
Dewey Outlines ier. Other selections on the pro-
grmwill be two Bach compositions.,
Prelude and Fugue in F minor, and
Socialist Aim s the chorale prelude "Jesu, Joy of
Man's Desiring," and Moussorgsky-
Before Liberals Caillet's "Pictures at an Exposition."
At tomorrow'sconcert Mr. Melchior
will merge with the University Choral
New Proresive 1 b'Union and the Philadelphia Sym-
New 'Progressive C 1 u p "ony under Mr. Ormandy and Pro-
Organizes, Plans; Seek fessor Moore to render scenes from
"Parsifal." Mr. Melchior is consid-
University Recognition ered one of the best Wagnerian ar-
tists in the world. Mr. Christian, the
Allocation of resources, efficiency Glee Club and theMLyra Club will
of personnel and a smooth transition also take part in tomorrow's program.
from capitalism were named as the; Friday afternoon will be devoted
chief problemgs that a socialist econ- (Continued on Page 2)
omy must face by Prof. Ralph L. Ro
Dewey of the economics department j oom Snorta e
before 125 progressive students lasthI ee
night in the Union. enPress
"Progressive Club of the Univer-
sity of Michigan" will be the name G roup Gathers
of the new organization, as provided P
in the constitution adopted last night. W
Affiliation with the nation-wide With more than 500 high school
Affiliaon wthe Untionwie pstudents and 41 advisers from 50
American Student Union was ap- schools already registered for the an-
proved and it was decided to petitionI,,I, ..1- - %----

Grosse Ile
To See

Army Men
Student Flyers

Two students one wearing a coron- tonight the central columns of his
ation emblem were attacked earlier army driving toward Bilbao had

by a gang in one of Dublin's main
streets and injured so severely they
were taken to hospitals.
(President Eamon de Valera's pro-
posed new constitution for the Irish
Free State to be submitted to a pop-
ular referendum would make -the
country a "sovereign, independent,
democratic state." It does not men-
tion Great Britain or the British
king).
21 Fraternities
Will Take Part
In Sunday Sing
Twenty-one fraternities have en-
tered the annual Interfraternity Sing,
to be held at 6:45 p.m. Sunday in
front of the General Library, George
Cosper, '37, president of the Interfra-
ternity Council, announced last night.
Three cups, presented by the Union,
Burr, Patterson & Auld, and Van Bo-
ven's will be awarded to the three
fraternities judged the best perform-
ers, Cosper said. The cups will be
on display in Van Boven's for the re-'
mainder of this week.
A semi-circle of bleachers, in ad-'
dition to more than 600 chairs. will;

i

t'
.

taken the Bizcargi range of moun-
tains by assault and reached posi-
tions less than six miles from the
beleaguered Basque capital.
The insurgents' field guns are now
within easy range of Bilbao. Reports
from the front estimated the first
lines of the Basques' main defensive
system were less than two miles away.
On the Toledo front, southwest of
Madrid, government militiamen cap-
tured south of the River Tajo told in-
sugent officers that more than 1,000
government soldiers were killed and
2,000 wounded in Monday's bitter
fight near Toledo.
Dispatches from Granada reported
government planes heavily bombard-J
ed that city. Among the buildings
hit were the country house of the old
sultans of Granada. and El Sacre
Monte, a shrine on a hilltop com-
pletely surrounded by the caves of'
Granada's gypsies.
Sinclair Is Elected
To Head A.S.M.E.
Edward L. Sinclair, '38E, was elect-
ed president of the student branch
of the American Society of Mechan-
ical Engineers at a meeting held last
night at the TTnion.

Several representatives from the
United States Naval Reserve Aviation
Base at Grosse Ile will be in Ann Ar-
bor today to interview anyone in-
terested in flight training in the Na-
val or Marine Corps.
Those who are interested in receiv-
ing flight training are requested to
report at the aeronautical engineer-
ing departmental office at 10 a.m. to-
day, George Graves, one of the men
stationed at Grosse Ile who will be on
the campus, said yesterday.

Coronation Does Not Seem End,

Of Monarchy, Prof. Cross

Says

By ALBERT MAYIO
The coronation, with all its purple
brilliance, pomp and majesty, does
not seem to be the swan song of the
English monarchy and royalty, ac-
cording to Prof. Arthur L. Cross of
the history department.
"The trappings of royalty appeal
to the English people, and always
have," Professor Cross said, and "it is
very difficult, almost impossible, to
have a permanent head of an empire
such as Great Britain through elec-
tions."
Tradition dies hard in England, he
continued, and it has become tradi-
tional on the part of the people to
look upon the Royal Family as the
personification of ideal standards of
conduct and dignity. However, he
avnlaina +1, a ie. , C.no+ a 'Aana +

ereigns, Professor Cross indicated.
These idealizations have accentuated
class distinctions that are diminish-
ing only gradually even today.
Forced to yield in political matters,
Queen Victoria went in for dominance
in social conduct, motivated in part
by her somewhat Germanized concep-
tions of the functions of royalty, and
in part, Professor Cross indicated, by
a sincere desire for respectability.
Victorian standards, however, suf-
fered great inroads during the war,
he continued, although it is still ex-
pected in England that the king shall
set the example in the conduct of his
life.
With improved means of communi-
cation more and more light was cast
on the throne. The kings were put
more in the public eye, Professor

for University recognition today at'
the meeting of the University Senate.
Must Adopt Wage Program
Professor Dewey, who came to the
University this year from the Depart-
ment of Commerce in Washington
and was formerly at Ohio State
University, declared that a socialist
system must adopt a free retail mar-
ket and wages, both based on money
prices.
A civil service system with constant
examination of personnel would help
to solve the problem of a possible
"slothful bureaucracy" in a collective
society, Professor Dewey stated. So-
cialization of utilities and heavy in-
dustries with a definite understanding
that agriculture and small business
will be let alone during the transition
period will insure an intelligent pas-,

Interscholastic Press
Association convention to be held to-
morrow, Friday and Saturday in Ann
Arbor, , the journalism department,
sponsoring the event, reports an acute
room shortage.
All members of the faculty, house-
holders, fraternities and sororities
having rooms which they would be
willing to rent to delegates to the con-
vention for tomorrow and Friday
nights are requested by the journal-
ism department to send such infor-
mation to Room 213 Haven Hall, or
Call University extension 467.
The three-day meeting will bring
here preparatory school students
from throughout the state for discus-
sions, lectures and conferences on the
problems of publishing school papers,
magazines and year books.
A reception and dance for the vis-

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