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May 08, 1937 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1937-05-08

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The Weather
Fair and warmer today; show-
ers tonight and tomorrow;
cooler tomorrow.

L

3k i g an

:43 tii

Editorials
A Hypodermic
For The A.F. Of L..
Before Winter Comes

VOL. XLVII No. 156 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MAY 8, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Foreign Crisis
Felt To Be Past
ByT. B. Potter
Conflict Within Five Years
Is Called Unlikely In Talk
Before ModelAssembly
Reform Of League
Outlined In Meeting
Predicting the renewal of interna-
tional cooperation by Italy, Germany
and Japan and feeling that the crisis
in the League of Nations has passed
its low point, Prof. Pittman B. Pot-
ter of the Universitie des Hautes In-
ternationales Etudes in Geneva, and
now exchange professor in the
University of Chicago, addressed the
annual banquet of the Michigan Mod-
el Assembly in the Union last night.
When interviewed after the ban-
quet, Professor Potter said that a
general European conflict was ex-
tremely improbable at least within
the next five years, and that the
Spanish conflict, in showing modern
war machinery less effective than
previously believed, has had much
to do with the changed attitudes of
Italy and Germany.
Labor Conference Meets
The Assembly got under way at 11
a.m. yesterday with the meeting of
the International Labor Conference
in the First Congregational Church.
Dealing primarily with the subject of
collective bargaining, the director's
report, given by Robert E. Fryer, '38,
stressed the need of International
legislation in the field of labor law
and was followed by a discussion by
Alfred Fortino from Alma College,
Harry Vinson from Michigan State
College and John Buckingham from
Wayne University, pointing out the
effects of labor legislation in the
countries which they represented:
United States, Canada and Great
Britain, respectively.
Preliminary Discussion Held
After the luncheon in the League
the delegates adjourned to the com-
mittee'rooms in the League for the
preliminary discussion of the prob-
lems facing the plenary session of the
Assembly which will meet at 10 a.m.
today in the First Congregational
Church. The committees will meet
again at 9 a.m. this morning to draw
up concrete proposals on American
neutrality and its relation to the
League, and on the reform of the
League, to be presented to the plenary
session today.
The first committee on the reform
of the League presided over by Ed-
ward C. Moore of Western State
Teachers' College reached very defi-
nite conclusions,' first as to the need
of greater universality of the League
(Continued on Page 2)
Packard Ends
Labor Struggle
With UAW Pact
DETROIT, May 7.--(2)-The Pack-
ard Motor Car Company and the
United Automobile Workers of Amer-
ica signed an agreement late today
after several weeks of negotiations.
Its terms swill not be announced
until the pact is submitted to a meet-
ing of workers for their ratification
Sunday.
The negotiations on the union's 22
demands were halted temporarily

while the National Labor Relations
Board conducted an election-the
first in the automobile industry un-
der the Wagner Act-to determine
whether the workers wanted the
UAWA as their sole collective bar-
gaining agent. The vote was four to
one for the union.
Exclusive bargaining privileges was
one of the union demands. The oth-
ers presumably were settled in to-
day's agreement, which will be inj
force until next May 1.
Ford Asserts Living
Scae Remains ow
DETROIT, May 7.-WP)-Henry
Ford declared his opposition to the
Federal tax on undistributed profits
today, asserting that its purpose was
to eliminate independent business
and that government expenditures
were not raising the standards of
the country.
"If the government took every cent
of Ford Motor Co. profits and used
the money to raise the standards of

Ruthven Demands Congressional
Inquiry Into Educational Lobbies

Outlines 9-Point Program
For Advanced Schools In
WashingtonTalk
An immediate Congressional in-
vestigation of educational lobbies
"with a view to effecting their elim-
ination" was urged yesterday by
President Ruthven in a speech before
the American Council of Education
in Washington, D.C.
President Ruthven reiterated his
warning of several months ago in
Philadelphia that federal subsidies
should be refused by educational in-
stitutions.
In his antagonism toward federal
subsidies President Ruthven clashed
directly with the Michigan Educa-
tional Association, which has been
lobbying for the Harrison-Black Bill
for $100,000,000 aid to state educa-
tion.
President Ruthven proposed the
following nine-point program for
higher education in America:
1) Educators should immediately
rededicate their schools to the dem-
ocratic idea and acquaint faculties
with the dangers of, and trends to-
ward, state and federal control.
2) The educational organizations
should study themselves with the
objectivesofdco-ordinating their ac-
tivities, and of increasing their ef-
fectiveness in the particular fields
in which they are primarily designed
to serve.
3) The foundations should be
asked largely to cease providing di-
rect grants-in-aid, and in their place
to give more support to scholarships
and fellowships and to projects which
Government Aid'
Program Is Hit
In Atwood Talk
Underwriters' Conference
Hears Critic Make Plea
For Self-Reliance
Condemning the widespread gov-
ernment provision for security andI
welfare, Albert C. Atwood, financial
editor of the Saturday Evening Post,
told the annual state convention of
life underwriters here yesterday that
life insurance is an expression of in-I
dividual responsibility.
"This ever-increasing struggle to1
live off the state, to get on its pay-
roll, to draw benefits from it, he ex-
plained, can lead only to the de-
struction of much of what we hold
dear in this country in culture, in
ethics, character and independence
as well as financial solvency."
Sacrifice Found Necessary
Abolition of poverty, Mr. Atwood
maintained, is not a matter for legis-
lation. "It is essential to the con-
tinuance of democratic institutions
that people care for themselves as
much as possible. We cannot have
a wholesome civilization without vol-
untary sacrifice and responsibility,
and I certainly don't want to live in
a country from which such qualities
have been removed."
The stability and sanity expressed
by life insurance, Mr. Atwood claimed,
would compensate for violent polit-
ical movements from extreme Re-
publican to extreme Democrat. He
asked the agents to "enlarge the
forces which make for orderly adjust-
ment in the nation."
'Hammering' Advocated
Mr. Atwood also advocated educa-
ion and constant hammering by life
insurance men to tell their customers
how they can meet their own respon-
sibilities as a means of caring for the
poor.

Charles E. Gauss, state insurance
commissioner, pointed to the inade-
quacy of the state department's or-
ganization, claiming that it is "not
only undermanned but underpaid,
with the result that it hadudeveloped
into a training school for young men
11 and ladies.
Officers elected at the afternoon
session included George E.' Lackey of
Detroit as president of the associa-
tion; Donald J. Porter, Grand Rapids,:
Earl Engel, Jackson and Jack M. Rab-
inovich as vice-presidents.
Dr. Allen Will Speak
Before Phi Beta Kappa
S
s Dr. Florence E. Allen of Columbus,
s O., judge of the United. States Cir-
f cuit Court of Appeals, will be the
principal speaker at the annual Phi
t Beta Kappa initiation banquet at
J 6:30 p.m. today in the Grand Rapids
f Room of the League.

form parts of research and teaching
programs approved by the education-
al counsels.
4 A congressional investigation of
educational lobbies should be de-
manded at once with a view to ef-
fecting their elimination.
5) The president's planning com-
mit ee should be asked to investigate
fedei'al subsidies in the hope that
the practice of creating them may be
discontinued or methods adopted
which will limit them to experimen-
tal periods and otherwise keep them
from centralizing control over the
schools.
6) The institutions of higher ed-
ucation should accept the American
council on education, or create some
other council, as the general co-or-
dinating body for all of their activi-
ties.
7) The American council on edu-
cation or a similar body should be
requested to give immediate atten-
tion to the preparation of a broad
national program which will elimi-
nate undersirable competition and
(Continued on Page 2)
Police Beating
Inquiry Begun
By Commission
Three Witnesses Declare
Treatment Of Custodian
Was Unwarranted
An investigation into the allegedly
brutal treatment of Fred Chase, 53-
year-old University custodian, by Pa-
trolman Herman Suma last Saturday
noon was started by the local police
commission last night.
The commission met for three
hours in the City Hall and will meet
again next week in view of the fact
that no decision on the case was
reached.
Further allegations that the treat-
ment of Chase was unnecessarily bru-
tal were made by three more wit-
nesses yesterday. William Grier, '39,
said: "As I was waiting to cross State
Street at the corner of William Street
a police car came around the corner
and I saw a small, poorly dressed man
being struck across the mouth by a
burly looking officer. The cowering
man did not seem to be showing any
cause why he should be treated so
brutally."
Mrs. Roy H. Gearhart stated, "I
did not see the first blow but I saw
the man while the police were still
mistreating him. He looked as if he
had been in an auto accident. He
was offering no resistance and there
seemed no justification."
Another incident in which the po-
lice were allegedly brutal was re-
vealed when Bolton Morrison of Flint,
charged last night that police had
mistreated him when he and several
visitors to Ann Arbor were arrested
several weeks ago. He claimed that
"police threw me against a steel cell
while I was handcuffed and I was
knocked out. State police had prev-
iously treated us perfectly well."
Band To Play
Over National
Hookup Today
The 80-piece Varsity Concert Band,
under the direction of Prof. William
D. Revelli, will present its first own
coast-to-coast radio broadcast from
noon to 12:30 p.m. today through
the studios of station WWJ, Detroit
and over the NBC red network.
While the band has broadcast pre-
viously over the University station
through WJR and has taken part in
such broadcasts as the National

Broadcasting Company's 10th anni-
versary program and the Pontiac Var-
sity Show, this is the first time that
the band is to present its own com-
plete show.
The program today will be. open
and closed to the strainsrof the "Vic-
tors" as arranged by Professor Re-
velli. The remainder of the program
is: "Come Sweet Death," by Johann
Sebastian Bach; "Slavonic Rhap-
sody," by Freidman; "Les Deux Ja-
ponais"; and "Amporito Roco," a
Spanish march by Texidor.
After the broadcast the band will
be the guests of the Michigan Alumni
Club at the Intercollegiate Club for
luncheon following which they will
attend the Detroit Tigers-Washing-
ton Senators baseball game.
1,400 NYA Workers
To Get $21000 Today

Captain Dies
As Air Crash
Brings Probe
Investigation Into Reports
Of Sabotage To Be Made
By Federal Committee
Eckener Postpones
Graf Zeppelin Trip
LAKEHURST, N.J., May 7.-()-
Captain Ernest Lehmann, stocky lit-
tle veteran master of Zeppelins,
joined 32 other victims of the Hin-
denburg holocaust in death tonight,
even as Federal authorities set out
to establish if sabotage caused the
fatal plunge of the great dirigible.
Before he died, Lehmann, who
skippered the Hindenburg on her pi-
oneering passenger trips here a year"
ago, echoed the views of the paradeS
of aeronautical experts who havel
looked over the grotesque wreckage
strewn over the U.S. Naval Air Sta-
tion landing field.
'Can't Understand It'
"I can't understand it," he said. "I
can't understand it."
With the ugly reports of sabotage
refusing to be downed, two authori-
ties, Dr. Hugo Eckener, head of the
Zeppelin Company, and Senator,
Copeland, (Dem., Ky.), chairman ofI

A

S

Seventh Parley

To Sail For America

Liberals In Majonlty

Swinogs Into Action

Basques Hold Lines
Under Bomb Attack
BILBAO, Spain, May 7.-(P)-A
squadron of 14 insurgent planes
dumped tons of bombs on Basque
villages and government troop con-
centrations around Bilbao today, kill-
ing an undetermined rfumber of
women and children.
The planes rained death from the
skies as insurgent General Emilio
Mola's heavy artillery shelled Bas-
que soldiers at Mount Sollube, key-
point in the Basquet defensive sys-
tem east of Bilbao.
The Basques, without planes to
resist the insurgent air attack, dog-
gedly held to their trenches amid
scores of exploding bombs and shells.

Associated Press Photo
DR. HUGO ECKENER
Business Men
Convene Here
For 9th Time
Talks By Hayford, Seltzer,
Cowdrick Will Feature
Alumni Conference

Insurgent piarTes kepti
machine-gun fire butt
met fierce resistance
vanced after each air

up a merciless
the insurgents
as they ad-
attack.

the Senate commerce committee-
were on record as saying this pos- The largest turn-out in recent years
sibility of sabotage should be ex- is expected at the Ninth Annual Al-
haustively investigated. umni Conference of the School of
Meanwhile, the latest death toll of Business Administration, which will
last night's flaming disaster released;
by the Zeppelin company placed the open its one-day session at 8:30 a.m.
known victims at 33. The roll named today in the Union.
11 passengers, 21 members of the Discussions of current business
crew, and one spectator as dead. problems by campus and outside au-
Charles E. Rosendahl, hero of thorities, addresses on the Univer-
American airship flights and com- ity Centennial Celebrations and pre-
mandant at Lakehurst naval base sentation of the Beta Gamma Sig-
where the dirigible's skelton lay,' ma scholarship keys to four seniors
broadcast a report of the disaster to and two juniors in the school will fea-
the German nation. ture the session.
Lost Through Fire IThe purpose of the conference, ac-
"In judging this disaster." he said, cording to Prof. Dudley M. Phelps of
"it must be remembered that the Hin- the School of Business Administra-
denburg was lost through -fire. The tion, who is in charge of arrange-
ship had successfully completed herJ ments for the, conference, is "to form
west-bound crossing over the North a closer relationship between alumni,,
Atlantic, was under normal control in faculty and present students of the
every respect and was making a nor- school and to create an opportunity
mal landing." for an interchange of ideas about
"Whatever may have been the or- current business problems."
igin," he continued, "the loss of the l entebsiness pres."
Hindenburg can be attributed only to The principal address will be given
one basic cause, namely, that of fire. Hayford, New York economist who
Had this ship been inflated with the has been connected with General Mo-
non-inflammable, non-explosive heli-
um gas, such as is used in our Ameri- tors Corp. for several years, will speak
can airships, such a catastrophe on "Business Policies in Relation to
would have been impossible." Economic and Social Trends'"
Earlier in the day, the Senate mili- Edward S. Cowdrick, industrial re-
tary affairs committee approved a bill! (Continued on Page 6)
which would liberalize commercial!
sale and export of non-inflammable Murphy Asks Labor
helium, of which the United States
has a monopoly. )elegates To Confer

ZEPPELIN SERVICE STOPPED
BERLIN, May 8.-(Saturday)-(P)
-Dr. Hugo Eckener, veteran dirgible
commander, said tonight the Graf
Zeppelin now in regular South
American service "will make no more1
trips until the Hindenburg disasterl
is fully cleared up."
"It will be impossible to use the
Graf as a Hindenburg substitute car-
rying coronation pictures to New
York, nor will the Graf cruise to
South America again until the Hin-
denburg investigation is complete,"
he said.
Dr. Eckener made the announce-
ment before retiring shortly after
midnight to rest before boarding an
airplane for Cherbourg, France. He
and other members of an investiga-
ting committee will board the Europa
today for the trip to the United
States.

Aerial and artillery bombardment w
marked the third day of an insurgents
drive to rout Basques from the Ber-
meo sector, where 2,000 insurgents, u
including many Italians, have been L
surounded by government soldiers.-t
Indiana Hands Y
Michio an Nine
2nd Defeat, 65 t
i
Hoosiers Keep First Place ti
In Conference Standings N
By Batting Prowess. t
t
By GEORGE J. ANDROS
Michigan's chances of holding theb
Big Ten baseball championship fors
another year received a definite set-o
back yesterday afternoon on the Fer-
ry Field diamond when Indiana'sa
league-leading nine walked off with
a 6-5 decision over the champions.S
Coach Ray Fisher's crew now must h
win all f its remaining contests, in-a
star Illinois aggregation this after-
noon on the local grounds, to be as-s
sured of a contending position. Mich-
igan had previously bowed to Iowa in
the Conference, now possessing a BigV
Ten record of three won and two lost.-
A slim crowd braving overcast skiesn
and occasional showers saw the
Hoosiers put the game away in thet
first three and one-third innings byt
poncing on big John Gee for sevent
shits and five runs. Burt Smith, who
finished the game on the mound fort
the Wolverines, was touched for fourd
hits and another run.s
Kremer Leads Battinga
Merle Kremer, with a home runr
and a pair of doubles, and Leo Beebe,s
with three singles, led an 11-hit at-:
tack against Indiana's Babe Hosler,r
but the Wolverines could not bring
across the necessary counters when
the opportunities presented them-f
selves.S
Michigan opened the scoring in thei
first on Beebe's one-base knock ands
steal of second followed by Stever
Uricek's single, but Indiana came
back for two in the second inning.
John Clark singled to right-center,
went to second on Hosler's sacrifice,1
and scored on Ellis Gwinn's single.,
Gwinn went to second on an error by
Capt. Kim Williams in left and scored
on another one-base knock by Frank
Filchock.
Gee Quits In Fourth
Indiana scored its third run in the
next inning on a successfulsbunt and
a long triple to left by Russ Andres,
and finished Gee in the fourth with
a double by Heine Becker followed
by a homer from the bat of Filchock
that resulted in runs four and five.
Kremer's homer on the heels of a:
single by Beebe and a fielder's choice
made the score 5-3, in the same in-
ning, but the Hoosiers scored the
eventual winning run in the sixth on
a triple, two walks and a scratch
single off Smith's glove.
In the home half of the sixth the
Wolverine scoring ended with two
runs coming from Beebe's third,
single, a wild throw, Kremer's
double and a single by Danny Smick.-
Michigan had great opportunities
to tie the/ score in both the seventh
and eighth, but heads-up ball was
not always in evidence.
Captain Williams opened the sev-
(Continued on Page 3)

Student Activity In Labor
Sanctioned; University
Will Not Aid Co-ops
7 Special Sections
Will Meet Today
Conservative, Radical And
Liberal Views Presented
At Annual Session
Student participation in labor ac-
tivity was approved;
Racial discrimination in profes-
sional schools was scored;
Dean Bursley warned that the ad-
ninistration could not aid student
cooperatives;
Sex was 'put on ice' until today;
And state medicine was applauded
-as a Spring Parley dominated by
liberals yesterday tried to discover
what a "liberal" is at its opening
ession in the Union.
More than 400 students and fac-
ulty members crowded the North
Lounge both afternoon and evening
o plan "A Program For Our Times"
n what for the first time in several
ears was a completely rational dis-
ussion with emotionalism conspicu-
ous by its absence, according to Ralph
Danhof, general chairman.
Varied Approaches Presented
Before the floor was thrown open
o lively discussion Col. Henry W.
Miller head of the engineering draw-
ng department, Mentor Williams of
he English department and Prof.
Max Handman of the economics de-
partment presented the approaches
o modern problems of the conserva-
ive, the radical and the liberal.
Starting today, the Parley will
break up into seven sections meeting
simultaneously at 3 p.m. and 7:30
p.m. to discuss the seven divisions'
of the main theme. These divisions
and the chairmen who will preside
at them are:
Benson Added To Panel
Our economic system - Norman
Sharfman, '37, our international re-
lations-Robert French of the ec-
onomics department; our govern-
ment-Fred Warner Neal, '37; our
social life-Mrs. Thelma Zwerdling,
'37; our religion-William Wilsnack,
'37; our college education-Bernard
Weissman, '39L; and our art-Harry
Bethke, Grad. All the sections will
meet in the Union.
The committee announced last night
that Prof. George C. S. Benson of
the Bureau of Government was added
to the government section panel.
A large part of the, discussion cen-
tered about the arrest of the five stu-
dents in the recent bowling alley
strike. Dean Bursley condoned the
activity of students in labor activity
pointing out that it is the right of the
student as a citizen to do, as long as
he does "not make a nuisance of
himself.
'Liberal' Definition Given
In answering a question from the
floor which asked whether the five
students arrested would be expelled
if convicted by the courts, Dean Bur-
sley replied that this query could
not be answered in advance.
The attempt to define "liberal"
arose out of the introductory talk
given by Professr Handman in which
he indicated that the liberals' ap-
proach should be one of understand-
ing rather than acting. The liberal
(Continued on Page 61
Secret Primary
Election System
Now State Law
LANSING, May 7.-(A)-The se-
cret primary election system, debat-
ed by politicians for years, became

law in Michigan today.
Governor Murphy signed the Wick-
strom Bill, providing that hereafter
voters in primaries need not disclose
their preference by asking for a ballot
of that party. The new act requires
that ballots of all parties be given the
voter. In the privacy of the booth he
may select the one he wishes to vote
and discard the rest in an "unused
ballot box."
The primary election system has
long been the subject of political ar-
gument. Some leaders of the major
political parties contended party loy-
alty was encouraged by forcing voters

LANSING, May 7.-(/P)-Governor
Murphy today invited labor organiza-
tions to send representatives here
Monday for a conference on the ad-
ministration's labor relations bill now
pending in the legislature.
The Governor said he discussed the
measure today with Frank X. Mar-
tel head of the Detroit Federation
of Labor. He said Martel and John
Reid, secretary of the Michigan Fed-
eration of Labor, would be among
the conferees Monday.
Murphy reiterated statements made
last week that he believes compro-
mise amendments to the bill can be
agreed upon. The measure has been
criticized by some labor organizations!
on the section which would authorize1
the proposed labor board to postpone
strikes until mediation had been at-
tempted.

Relaxation From Lessons Called*
Necessity For School Children

By HORACE GILMORE
Public schools today are hopelessly
academic, obsessed with the notion
that everything must be taught, giv-
ing little freedom or encouragement
-to impulses to learn, Warren R. Good
of the education school declared in
an editorial in this month's issue of
the School of Education bulletin.
"They need a liberation from the
continual round of lessons, and a
shift to a program of diversified op-
portunities with greatly increased
emphasis on the non-academic as-
pects of life," Mr. Good's editorial
stated. "We not only keep children
in school for relatively long hours at

arts, fine arts and the lore of books.
"A fifth that should undoubtedly. re-
ceive attention might be called se-1
dentary pastimes; especially games,
ranging from dominoes to bridge,
having marked social value," the ed-
itorial continued.
Practical arts recommended by Mr.
Good's editorial would include all
that is now industrial arts, home ec-
onomics, laboratories, gardening,
home mechanics and the like. The
fine arts would include all kinds of
performance and study in music,
drawing, painting, sculpture, carv-
ing, furniture design, interior decor-
ating and similar arts, as well as

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