THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SaUNAY, MAY 2, 1937
_________________________ U m
'HE MICHIGAN DAILY
Battle Of Right And Left Shakes
Mneapolis Farmer-Labor Party
-Trotsky Group Sheds Light On Russian Question By
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MIANAG3INGf EDITOR ...........ELSIE A. IERCE
UDITORIAL DIRECTOR......MARSHALL D. SHULMAN
George Andros Jewel Wuerfel Richard Hershey
Ralph W. Hurd Robert Cummins
NIGHT EDITORS: Joseph Mattes, William E. Shackleton,
Irving Silverman, William Spallet, Tuure Tenander,
BPORTS DEPARTMENT: George J. Andros, chairman;
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WOMEN'S DEPARTMENT: Jewel Wuerfel chairman;
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NIGHT EDITOR: WILLIAM SPALLER.
The Dorm's Challenge
To The Fraternty..
'.ORK on the dormitory project has
W increased the amount of specula-
tion on the question: Is the fraternity in its
present state worth the extra expense for what
seems to be dubious educational and social re-
turt -.Inorder to strengthen the fraternity's ed-
;lV~i; itiol indefense of this question ef-
rhave been made on many campuses to riake
'fraternities keep up with the colleges in edu-
tioInal progress. One measure introuced hre
d'tly would require fraternities to havea
. p1astic average above the all men's average
iefo're they would receive permission to have
freshmen'live in the house the second semester.
'uiaortuxnately, fraternity men have reacted to
ee measures half-heartedly.
"I'he 'fraternity was one of the last places ; to
ee the effects of the depression and is still
clinging to the "mad, glad' 1920's. Fraternities
apparently have not realized that boys come
to .cdllege today in a spirit rather different from
the' blithe conventionality of the roaring 20's.
Oolleges have been more discerning of this shift-
ing attitude among undergraduates and have
iatered to 'it by providing an intellectual atmo-
sphere, simply by building new educational edi-
fices of their own: dormitories, quadrangles, and
house plans often under tutorial supervision.
When tutors are provided in dormitories, edu-
cation becomes a more pervasive factor in the
student's life, bringing an improvement in stu-
It might be asked if this attempt to make
edueation go beyond the classroom will have any
o ni the fraternity. In answer to this IJo-
';Bartlett, Grad., resident 'advisor fi' the
r chapter of Chi Psi fraternity, recently
. Fraternities .sowly, pitiably slowly, are
k ig' that they are ideally' 'suited to the
e'r Education. They are ideal units in tie
&hh1eme of personalized education, if they will
but take the trouble to equip themselves for it."
,The equipment that he suggests is the resident
adviser, whom he describes as a graduate stu-
dent in residence at the chapter, whose purpose
is inspirational and whose duties are to provide
a link between faculty and fraternity, actives
and alumni, to improve scholarship and to act
as counsellor in problems of the chapter. He'
asks, "Can't" we have a resident fellow in a
fraternity house with the same objective as the
resident fellow in a quadrangle?"
'The University has answered this question un-
equivocally. Its answer is taken from a letter
from the Dean of Students office, addressed to
graduate students qualified to serve as student
advisers: "Upon the recommendation of this
office, the Regents of the 'University of Michigan
have approved a request made by a committee
of the National Fraternity Secretaries Associa-
tion to the effect that the University, will offer
free tuition to preceptors or (resident) advisers
for fraternities desiring to use 'them.
"This plan as approved provides that the Uni-
versty will give fre etuition in the Gradunte
By RICHARD M. SCAMMON
Some weeks ago the Nation published two ar-
ticles by Charles R. Walker on the Farmer-Labor
party of Minnesota and the problems incident
to its growth and present position of power. The
Daily commented editorially on these articles on
March 26, pointing out that Mr. Walker pre-
sented a picture of the Minnesota Farmer-
Labor organization which was hardly encourag-
ing to intellectual radicals but which was nearer
to the truth than their own dreams of the Amer-
ican Front Populaire. It is interesting, in view
of the comments of the Daily editorial and of
the original articles themselves, to consider a
new crisis which has developed in the party since
Mr. Walker wrote his impressions of it.
This spring, elections will be held in the city
of Minneapolis for various municipal officers, in-
cluding a mayor, aldermen, and various others.
These elections, while presumably held "without
party designation" as in Detroit, Milwaukee and
many other cities, are actually, because of the
practice of the Farmer-Laborites in "endorsing"
a slate of candidates, almost as partisan as elec-
tions conducted under the more common prac-
tice of printing a candidate's party affiliation
on the ballot. Naturally enough, with the Far-
mer-Labor party and its miscellaneous trade
union and quasi-liberal allies supporting a ticket
in the elections, the conservative elements in the
Republican and Democratic organizations
mobilize behind the anti-radical candidates and
a straight liberal-conservative contest is thus
ensured. At the last city elections, held in 1935,
the Farmer-Labor "endorsees" were largely suc-
cessful, their candidate for Mayor, Thomas E.
Latimer, being elected by a large majority over
his conservative opponent, and the liberal groups
gaining a small majority on the City Council.
These elections were marked by a ftrong Farmer-
Labor campaign, for the Leftists remembered
only too well the way the conservative Mayor
"Buzz" Bainbridge handled the truck drivers'
strikes in 1934.
As soon as he was elected, the new Mayor gave
evidence of a change of heart and he, an ex-
Socialist party official, used the police as dras-
tically against'strikers as his predecessor, in one
case personally leading a group of strike-breakers
through the picket lines. In the Flour City Iron
Works strike, in the fall of 1935; three months
after Latimer's election, clashes between strikers
and police led to the killing of several bystanders,
including two children. Whether justified or not,
these actions of Mayor Latimer caused tremen-
dous resentment among the Farmer-Labor forces
which elected him, and demands were made for
his expulsion from the party. His friends, how-
ever, managed to delay any formal expulsion
moves until the storm had quieted down and the
less militant elements were in control.
BY MARCH of this year, however, the situation
had entirely changed, for in October, 1935,
the Communist movement had decided to aban-
don its previous attitude of uncompromising
oppositiop to reformist and liberal political
parties. As a result of this change in the Com-
munist "line," the French Communist party
joined in the formation, with the Socialist party
of Leon Blum and various liberal elements, of
the "Front Populaire" government. In Great
Britain, the Communist party endeavored to gain
admittance to the ranks of the Labor Party, and,
failing in this attempt, gave its support none-
the-less to the Laborites in the British general
elections of November, 1935. In America the
Communists have ceased their attacks on those
persons known to Communist literature as "social
fascists," that is, liberals and other reformers
refusing to following the old Communist tech-
niques. In Minnesota, the Communists, who for
over a decade had run candidates against the
Farmer-Labor nominees and had bitterly at-
tacked the heads of the third party movement as
"misleaders of the working class," joined the
Farmer-Labor 'Association and proceeded to
"bore from within." The Farmer-Labor Associa-
tion, it should be explained, is a dues-paying
organization formed of township and ward clubs
throughout Minnesota and having, in all, around
twenty thousand members, composing the rank-
and-file backbone of the movement. The Com-
munists, well-trained in organization, strategy,
and the other fundamentals of political battle,
soot gained positions of considerable strength
in the third-party clubs and retain that strength
now, particularly in Minneapolis. In the elec-
tions of November, 1936, the Communists did not
run candidates of their own for state offices,
but supported the whole Farmer-Labor ticket
and campaigned vigorously for it.
When the city convention of the Farmer-Labor
Association of Minneapolis and its allies was
held March 1, 1937, the Communists, al-
though not, by themselves, in a majority, joined
with the left-wing of the Association to control
the convention. The more conservative elements,
who were supporting Mayor Latimer for re-en-
dorsement as the Farmer-Labor candidate for
Mayor in the spring elections, bolted the conven-
tion and organized a "rump" group. The regular
convention, which had taken no official action on
the nomination of a candidate for Mayor, then
adopted Kenneth Haycraft, the Director of the
Psi and Phi Kappa Tau, but Dean Bursley agrees
that more houses should use this opportunity.
Prof. Robert P. Briggs, fraternity financial ad-
viser, said of the plan that he knew of no fra-
ternity that could not afford to adopt it and not
one that would not be more than paid back for
State Old-Age Pension Administration, as its
candidate, and named a ticket of aspirants to
run with him for the various minor offices open.
The Latimer "rump" convention roundly at-
tacked the influence of the Communists, assert-
ing that Communism was the issue and that
Mayor Latimer must be re-elected to demon-
strate the fundamental "Americanism" of the
Farmer-Labor movement. . Of all the attacks
upon the Communists, the most vigorous was
delivered by Miles Dunne, a leader of the Truck
Drivers' union and a well-known Trotskyite and
Socialist party leader. In his attack he w
supported by other Trotskyites and by the Min-
neapolis local of the Socialist party, which is
under the control of the Trotskyite group.
HERE THEN was a great paradox. Presum-
ably the Trotskyites, organized in the Com-
munist League of America, the Workers' Party,
and, most recently, in the Socialist Party, were
the most militant of the militant, the ultra-
ultra radicals, yet they were supporting a red-
baiting move against the Farmer-Labor party
and in favor of a candidate for Mayor whom a
year previously they had denounced as a traitor
to labor, a man whom they had claimed they
would never support for re-election. In their
activities they aligned themselves with the most
conservative of the A.F. of L. leaders, with men
they had termed "labor racketeers," with groups
they had accused of being under the control of
the liquor-dealers and brewery interests, and,
above all, with the Right in a Left-Right fac-
How can the attitude of the Trotsky group be
explained? To many observers in Minnesota it is
inexplainable save in Russian terms, and, if their
"Russian" explanation is correct, it certainly
sheds considerable light on the guilt of Trotsky
himself as far as his dealings with Germany and
Japan are concerned. These observers hold that
the split, not only in Russia, but throughout
the world, between Trotskyism and the control-
ling forces in the official Communist party, domi-
nated by Stalin, is so complete that the Trotsky-
ites will ally themselves with anyone, no matter
how reactionary, if they feel that by so doing
they will hamper or defeat the policy of the
Stalinists. It is significant to note that the at-
tacks of the Trotskyites on the Farmer-Labor
organization in Minnesota a re not directed
against Communist control but against Stalinist
control. Thus the Trotskyite leaders refer to
the leaders of the regular organization, not as
"Communists," but as "Stalinist stooges." If we
may assume that this explanation is correct, then
we may also assume that the Trotskyites, if sin-
cere, have entered into this "rump" coalition with
the idea of eventually controlling it. If so,
however, they are faced with an almost impos-
sible task, for the split in Minneapolis, with some
exceptions, has placed the radicals and militants
behind the Haycraft faction and has left only
conservative Farmer-Laborites in the Latimer
group. Thus the Trotskyites have brought them-
selves to the task of converting, not radicals who
half-agree with them, but conservatives who are
opposed to any form of Communist influence, no
matter what its designation.
Since the party split in March, the campaign
has been carried .on with a view to the primary
elections of May 10 and the bitterness of the
split has grown as the campaign has progressed.
The conservative faction's leaders have refused
mediation of the dispute, trusting to Mayor Lat-
imer's personal following to get him nominated,
and are continuing the attack on the "reds." The
Haycraft group, in control of the official ma-
chinery of the Association, have taken steps
to expel the conservative leaders, have sought
legal means to prevent the insurgents from
using the name "Farmer-Labor," and are con-
tinuing their attack against Latimer as a "be-
trayer" of the workers and a tool of the em-
ployers. Efforts of state leaders to repair the
schism have proven fruitless and apparently the
party will go into the primaries completely disor-
ganized. So far the regulars seem to have con-
siderable support from the local ward organiza-
tions and from some of the trade unions, par-
ticularly those affiliated with the CIO, while the
Latimer support comes primarily from the right-
wing Farmer-Laborites, the conservative trade
unionists, and from the "open-town" interests
who fear a change of administration may ruin
THIS CONFLICT within the Farmer-Labor
movement has assumed the outward charac-
teristics of a Left-Right factional war, but it
must be interpreted in the light of the Stalinist-
Trotskyite dispute, for the Trotskyites, in para-
doxically aligning themselves with their sup-
posed conservative opponents, have carried the
Jesuitical approach to politics to its logical ex-
treme. Their tactics seem almost impossible of
success, for even if their faction wins against
the regular Left-wing group, they have little
chance to convert their natural conservative
enemies to their own viewpoint of world revo-
lution and Left Communism. No matter how
fantastic the Trotskyite plan may seem, it is the
logical result of the intellectual reaction to poli-
tics which carries the scope of activity to any
field necessary to victory. In this example may
be seen the possibility that Trotsky did in fact
agree to give the Ukraine to Germany in re-
turn for German aid in upsetting the Stalinist
The possibilities of factionalism in the state
Farmer-Labor party, due to the factionalism in
Minneapolis, which represents one-fifth of the
te' vn'e ir a n ne-quarter of the Farmer..
By TUURE TENANDER
LAWRENCE TIBBETT, baritone,
and Helen Jepson, soprano, will be
the guests on tonight's General Mo-
tors concert. The 16-voicemale choir
will also contribute to the program,
which will be under the direction of
Erno Rapee. The Greenfield Village1
Chorus will be featured on the Ford
broadcast an hour later.
Jack Benny will celebrate his fifth1
year on the radio tonight with an
encore presentation of one of the
dramas that have been given by his
company during his successful stay
on the networks. Just what the play
will be remains unknown, but Radio
Guide announces that "Ah, Wilder-
ness" has received most votes from
the listeners with "Emperor Jones"
and "Why Girls Leave Home" fol-
lowing. These tabulations are incom-.
plete, however, and may have been
altered by further balloting.
* * *
The Kentucky Derby is coming in
for muchhattention from the radio
during this week. All during ther
week, NBC is planning to carry va-
rious afternoon programs from
Churchhill Downs and nearby spots
which will be replete with the Derby
Day background. The race itself will
be on NBC-WXYZ at 5:15 p.m. next
Saturday with Clem McCarthy at the
microphone. We expect that Bryan
Field, who is the dean of them all,
will be at the track on behalf of Mu-
tual. According to our promise some
time ago, in view of our past failure
to pick any horse that finished in the
first 10 in any race, we are not an-
nouncing any predictions in this col-
umn. (Of course we have ideas-.)
' * * *
jUTUAL has scheduled to broad-
cast the coronation next week on
a grand scale, giving over eight hours
(Continued from Page 2)
DAILY OFFICIAL BULIETIN
Fublication in the Bulletin Is construc tie notice to a wmna wa t
tAvuQ y. I R .o.i, Me attae d . bstt
of time to the description of various
parts of the ceremony that will of-
ficially make the Duke of York George
VI. The network will start in at 4
a.m. and will be on the air contin-1
uously until 9:30 a.m., on again in
the afternoon, and will finish off in
the evening with a transcription of1
the new king's address.
(THE SCREEN '
The King And The
Although it tries very hard, and
possibly for that precise reason, this
new Warners' Brothers vehicle just
can't quite seem to get on the trol- I
ley, It is funny enough in places,
but the humour seems to be mostly
extra-curricular; the writers and di-
rector have been unable to fully util-
ize the possibilities of their idea,
which is really almost as original
as a original as a motion picture idea
Fernand Gravet rmakes a capivat-
ing ex-monarch in Paris, and with a
little more assistance from the tech-
nical staff would have had no. diffi-;
culty in placing his first starring pic-
ture among the best of the year, espi-
cially with Joan Blondell playing op-
Miss Blondell plays the part of
(guess) a chorus girl in the Folies
His ex-Majesty Gravet drops in for
a rest from his brandy bottle, and
spotting Joan directly off the bat,;
has her invited to supper. Right here
the plot takes a running jump for
familiar cover; Gravet's two faith-
ful retainers, Edward Everett Hor-.
ton and Mary Nash, anxious to snap
their master out of the lethargy into
which he has fallen, urge Joan to
"resist," just to give the king some-I
thing to occupy his mind. Needless
to say, what started out as an in-
trigue ends up, after numerous mis-
understandings, with everybody in
the cast tired but happy
to hold the various groups together,
there is a good possibility that the
Right and. Left will soon pat com-
In this split lies one of the funda -
mental difficulties of a national Far-
mer-Labor movement-the satisfac-
tion of the reformers and of the rev-
olutionaries and, above all, the hold-
ing-together of groups, which, apply-
ing the Jesuitical principle to politics,
it is virtually impossible to hold to-
gether. * *
NOTE: Since this article was pre-
pared, the time for filing for city
offices in the primary election has
closed, and, in a last-minute develop-
ment, Vincent R. Dunne, Socialist'
candidate for Secretary-of-State in
1936, Trotskyite and Truck Drivers'
Union leader, filed for Mayor as a
Socialist candidate. It is difficult to
interpret this new political move save
as an effort by the Trotsky group,
realizing the dangerous position in
which they had placed themselves
and the whole Socialist movement, to
"save-face" by running their own
By this move they remove from,
themselves the onus of supporting a,
conservative and right-wing candi-
date while at the same time they do
will be held on Sunday.
all members of the club to
Pop Concert: The third in the
series of pop-concerts will be held at
the Hillel Foundation today at 2:30
p.m. The Franck D minor symphony
will be presented.c
Hillel Foundation: A student sym-
posium led by Ronald Freedman will
be held today at 8 p.m.
Varsity Glee Club: There will be a
full rehearsal this afternoon at the
Glee Club Rooms in the Union at
4:30 p.m. All those men expecting
to sing in the May Festival are ex-1
pected to be there.1
Coming Events '
Faculty, School of Education: The
regular monthly luncheon meeting
of the Faculty will be held on Mon-l
day, May 3, at 12 o'clock, Michigan
Economics Club: Mr. Robert R.
Horner of the Economics Department
will speak to the club on "Urban
Milk Distribution Costs" at 7:45 p.m.
in Room 305 of the Union on Mon-
day, May 3. Members of the staffs in
Economics and Business Administra-'
tion, and graduate students in these
departments, are cordially invited.
Junior Research Club: The May
meeting will be held on Tuesday eve-
ning, May 4, 7:30 p.m. in Room 2083
Program: The Work of the Insti-'
tute of Fisheries Research, by Dr. A.
S. Hazzard, of the Museum.
Soaring Flight, by Dr. Rudolph L.
Thoren, Dept. of Aeronautical En-
German Table for Faculty Mem-
bers: The regular luncheon meeting_
will be held Monday at 12:10 p.m.'
in the Founders' Room of the Michi-
gan Union. All faculty members in-
terested in Speaking German are cor-
dially invited. There will be an in-
formal 10-minute talk by Prof. Hanns
Motion Pictures, Department of
Astronomy: On Monday, May 3,. at
8 p.m. in the Natural Science Auditor-
ium, there will be shown motion pic-
tures of phenomena connected with
the moon and sun, photographed at
the McMath-Hulbert Observatory of
the University of Michigan. Although
this showing of the films is primarily
intended for students in astronomy
courses, the public is cordially invited
Adelphi House of Representatives
meets Tuesday evening. at 7:30 p.m.
in the Adelphi Room in Angell Hall.
Election of the honor award winner
will be made at that time. Nomina-
tion of officers will be in order for this
meeting. The meeting is an import-
ant one. All members are especially
urged to attend.
Sigma Xi: The Annual Banquet
and Initiation will be held' Wednes-
day, May 5,' at 6:30 pm., at the
Michigan Union. Prof. Jesse Ormon-
droyd will speak on' "The Two Hun-
dred Inch Telescope Mounting."
Tickets may be obtained at the door.
Contemporary: .There will be a
meeting of the entire staff, except
for the editorial board, on Monday,
May 3, at 4 p.m. in the Publications
building. Trybuts will be held at'
4:30 p.m. to fll vacant business staff
Initiation Banquet, Phi Beta Kap-
pa: The Annual Initiation Banquet
of the Michigan Chapter of Phi Beta
Kappa will be held at 6:3 p.m., Sat-
urday, May 8, at the Michigan
League. Judge Florence Allen of the
United States Circuit Court of Ap-
peals will deliver the principal ad-
An attempt has been made to reach
all members who have expressed.
their 'wish to receive notices. If this
has failed, reservations and can-
cellations can be made through the
office of the Secretary, 3233 Angell
Hall up to the evening of May 6. All
members of Phi Beta Kappa are wel-
Orma F, Butler.
Phi Beta Kappa Initiation: The In-.
itiation service for the -newly elected
members of Phi Beta Kappa will be
held at 4:15 p.m. on Friday, May 7 in
the League Chapel. Notices to the
new members are now in the mail.
Orma F. Butler.
Peace Movies: "Drums of Doom," a
seven-reel sound picture, will be
shown at 4:1i5 p.m. Wednesday and
8 p.m. Thursday, in Natural Science
Auditorium. Alternating with these,
at 8 p.m. Wednesday and 4:15 p.m.
Thursday, will be a program of short
subjects, "A Zeppelin Raid on Lon-
don," "New York's Peace Parade,"
'"The League of Nations," an edition
Michigan Dames will hold their an-
Wual banquet at 6:30 p.m. Tuesday
evening, May 4, at the Michigan
League. All reservations must be in
by Sunday night, May 2. Please call
Mrs. Jerald DeWeerd at 22403.
Stalker Hal, 9:45 a.m. Student
class led by Prof. George Carrothers
on "Sources of True Happiness."
6 p.m. Wesleyan Guild meeting.
Installation of new council officers.
Fellowship hour and supper follow-
ing the meeting.
First Methodist Church, Morning
worship at 10:30 a.m. Dr. Edmund
D. Soper, president of Ohio Wesleyan
University will preach on "Ourselves
and the Future." This is Education
First Presbyterian Church, meeting
at the Masonic Temple, 327 South
"Meaning of Life" is the topic upon
which Dr. Lemon will preach at the
morning worship service at 10:45 a.m.
Music by the student choir and
In the evening at the meeting of
the Westminster Guild, student
group, there will be a symposium on
"Vocations-My Choice and Way."
The supper and social hour is at 5:30
p.m., followed by the meeting at 6:30
First Baptist Church, 10:45 a.m,
morning worship. Sermon by Rev.
R. Edward Sayles, minister of church,
on "The Fruits of Religion." The
churcheschool at 9:30 a.m. The
High School young people at 5:30
p.m., in church parlors, Dr. R. G.
Roger Williams Guild, 12 noon,
Student class in Guild House, Mr.
Chapman. 4:15 p.m. A play will
be given in the church parlors by
the dramatic group. 6:15 p.m. Stu-
dent forum in the Guild House. The
speaker will be Rev. -R. E. Sayls,
giving a review of Dr. Shailer Ma-
First Congregational Church:
10:45 a.m., service of worship.
Sermon by Rev. William H. Walker
of Detroit. His subject will be "The
Prophet Who Distanced the Charg-
ers." The Choir will present special
music by the Finnish-American com-
poser, Marrti Nisonen.
4:30 p.m., Student Fellowship out-
ing. The group will meet at Pilgrim
Hall at 4:30 p.m. and have a picnic
supper followed by a devotional serv-
. Harris Hall: There will be a stu-
dent meeting in Harris Hall at 7
p.m., Sunday, May 2, 1937. Prof.
William H. Worrell will speak on
"Types of Religion in the Near East"
All Episcopal students and their
friends are 'cordially invited.
Saint Andrew's Episcopal Church:
Services of worship Sunday, May 2,
8 a.m., Holy Communion; 9:30 a.m.,
Church School; 11' a.m., Kindergar-
ten, 11 a.m., Holy Communion and
sermon by' The Rev. Frederick W.
Leech. On Thursday, May 6, As-
cension Day, there will be a celebra-
tion of the Holy Communion at 8
Trinity Lutheran Church: All stu-
dents and their friends are invited
to attend devotional services at 10:30
The theme for the day is "Is Chris-
tianity Practical?" Trinity Church is
located at E. Williams and Fifth Ave.
Zion Lutheran Church: Devotional
services are held at 9:30 a.m. in Ger-
man and 10:30 a.m. in English.
Everyone is invited to attend these
services held in the church on East
Washington and Fifth Avenues.
Unitarian Church, 11 a.m. Sun-
Mr. Marley will speak on "Let Hu-
7:30 p.m. Liberal Students' Union.
Dr. C. C. Probert of Flint will speak
on "The General Motors Strike."
9 p.m., Social Hour.
First Church of Christ Scientist:
409 So. Division St.
Morning service at 10:30 a.m.
Subject: Everlasting Punishment.
Golden Text, Proverbs 13:21.
Sunday school, 11:45 a.m., after
the morning service.
Church of Christ, Disciples:
10:45 a.m., morning worship. Rev
Fred Cowin, "preacher. 12 noon, Stu-
dents' Bible Class. H. L. Pickerill,
Disciple Students Guild: 5:30 p.m.
tea and social hour.
6:30 p.m.,' Forum. Topic, "The
Work of the Federal Council of