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April 25, 1937 - Image 9

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1937-04-25

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IMAY FESTIVAL

L E

t 'gun

Iai&

SECOND
SECTION

SUPPLEMENT

VOL. XLVII No. 145 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, APRIL 25, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Music

Faculty Praises

Festival Programs,_Artists

44th Annual Series To Be Held Here May 12-15

;

Includes 6 Concerts

4-

Instrumeintalists
Are Impressive,
S a y s Brinkman
Fortunate To Get U. S.
Stars To Give Balanced
Concerts, He Believes
"We are particularly fortunate to
have been able to secure two young
Americans as.instrumentalists to bet-
.ter balance the program of the Fes-
tival," said Joseph Brinkman of the
School of Music.
Joseph Knitzer, youthful violinist,
and Eugene List, 18-year-old pianist,
have been secured to play. In addi-
tion Palmer Christian, University or-
ganist, will participate in the Festi-
val.
.Repertoires Indicate Trend
The number and variety of com-
positions which both Mr. Knitzer and
Mr. List submitted as possibleto do
with the orchestra was particular im-
pressing, declared Professor Brink-
-nan. "List apparently had eight
concerts all at his fingertips and
Knitzer submitted as many as 20
concertos, a repertoire larger than
most mature artists," he said.
"This zs a definite indication of a
new musical trend," Professor Brink-
man explained, in which concert art-
ists have sufficient background be-
fore they come out to the Festival
and tend to veer from being styli ts,"
The old idea, he added, was for,;on-
cert performers to learn a few pieces
well so that they could get by, but
Mr. Knitzer and Mr. List indicate
the new school of thought.
Exhibit Staying Power
The successes of both of these art-
ists are not casual or accidental, for,
Professor Brinkman pointed out, the
staying power of these performers
has. already been exhibited even
though they are young artists, with
Mr. Knitzer's staying power already
proved.
The young List will accept only a
certain number of concert engage-
ments, despite his unusual record'of
success. He devotes the remainder
of his time to study. At 13 he won
the scholarship with Olga Samaroff
at the Philadelphia Conservatory.
After winning Miss Samaroff made
the condition that if he studies with
her he was not to be exploited as a
wonderchild.. He thus graduated in
1935 from high school, second in a
class of 500 students.
First Visit Here
Of Philadelphia
Told InOurnal
Orchestra's Annual Book
Praises Talent Array In
Last Festival
The following is an excerpt from
the "Journal of the Philadelphia Or-
chestra" for the season of 1935-36 in
which the Ann Arbor performance
of last year is described:
Ann Arbor is the attractive home
of the University of Michigan. For
forty-three years there has been held
a musical festival here each May.
In the splendid Hill Auditorium
(which has a greater capacity than
the Academy of Music), Mr. Charles
Sink (manager of the Festival) as-
sembles a huge audience and an as-
tonishing array of musical talent
ever.y year. This year, besides the
Philadelphia Orchestra, the Ann Ar-
bor Festival presented The University
f Michigan Choral Union with Pal-
mer Christian, organist and the
Young People's Festival Chorus .
Conductors: Leopold Stokowski, Earl

V. Moore (able conductor of the
Choral Union and Director of Music
of the University), Saul Caston and
Charles O'Connell . . . Instrumental
soloists: Harold Bauer and Efram
Zimbalist . . . Vocalists: Paul Alt-
house, Rose Bampton, Keith Falkner,
Julius Huehn, Giovanni Martinelli,
Lily Pons and Janet Vreeland.
Mr. Stokowski, Mr. Caston and Mr.
O'Connell were given a rousing re-
ception by the Festival Audience to
whom they were making their first
appearance. All vowed it was one of
the most successful Ann Arbor Fes-
tivals in years. For the orchestra it

Notes on the Festival

-By William .
There is a story told of a Stokow-
ski performance of Beethoven's "Le-
onore No. 3 Overture," in which the
dramatic climax is reached with the
off-stage trumpet call signifying the
arrival of the doomed Florestan's
rescue party. At this particular per-
formance all was in readiness; the
trumpeter went back stage, the or-
chestra passed through the opening
Adagio and rushed preci'pitately on
to the climax. Came the tense mo-
ment, the strings droned out their
monotonous chord-but no trumpet
call. After a frantic wait, in which
Florestan might well have perished
for want of the expected aid, Mr.
Stokowski despairingly signaled the
orchestra to proceed, trumpetless,
and for once the overture was con-
cluded without its happy ending.
Rushing back stage as soon as the
number was over, the wrathful con-
ductor found his trumpet player,
somewhat damaged, dangling in the
grasp of a big, burly Irish cop, who
had been detailed to keep out im-
posters. "Here y'are, Mr. Shtokow-
shky," grunted the indignant defen-
der of art as well as life and property.
"Here's the guy what was agoin' ter
break up yer show."
* * *
Incidentally, the Leonore Overture
No. 3 is, technically speaking, neither
"No. 3" nor the overture to "Leonore."
As far as is known, the work so titled
is chronologically the second of the
four overtures which Beethoven
wrote for his sole operatic work,
known since its first performance as
"Fidelio."
* , *
The climactic moment in the sec-
ond act of "Parsifal" finds Wagner
indulging in one of his frequent bits
of musical onomatopoeia. The vil-

Lichtenwanger_
lain Klingsor, seeing that Parsifal
steadfastly resists the voluptuous
wiles of the seductive Kundry, thinks
to destroy Parsifal with a thrust from
the sacred spear, which whizzes
through the air and stops motion-
less above the head of the "pure
fool." That "whizz" of the spear is
caught in the orchestra by a long
'and upward glissando on the harp.
*' * *
For piano pieces to be arranged
from the score of an opera is a com-
mon-some would say too common-
occurrence; but for an opera to be
made out of piano pieces is rather
unusual. Granados' opera "Goyes-
ca," was formed from a number of
piano pieces written by the com-
poser from the inspiration of Goya's
paintings. The only number in the
opera which does not have its origin
in those piano pieces is the one on
the Saturday afternoon program-
the "Intermezzo."
* .
Claude IE ebussy's impressionistic
sketches, "La Mer," are perhaps the
best known of a long line of musicale
works dealing with the sea Mr. Felix
Borowski has formulated a list of
some 50 such pieces, among which
are Mendelssohn's "Calm Sea and
Prosperous Voyage" and "Hebrides"
Overtures, Rubenstein's "Ocean"
Symphony, Rimsky - Korsakow's
"Sadko," and the sea movements
from the latter composer's "Sche-
herezade" Suite. There are three
other "La Mer's" besides that of de-
bussy.
* * *
"Impressionism," as a term denot-
ing a particular artistic attitude and
manner of expression, and associated
in music primarily with the name of
Debussy, came into use after the
(Continued on Page 10)

Arthur Hackett
SSays Vocalists
Are Prominent
Professor Says Star List
Is Most Distinguished
Here In Long Tine
The list of vocalists in the Festival
is one of the most distinguished Ann
Arbor has witnessed in a long time,
Prof. Arthur Hackett of the School
of Music declared, and, he added, the
Ann Arbor Festival now being "the"
musical festival in the country, the
array is one of the most imposing
the country has witnessed.
All the vocalists engaged for the
May Festival are stars in the Metro-
politan Opera Company. They are
Kirsten Flagstad, Elizabeth Reth-
berg, Marion Telva, Lauritz Melchior,
Arthur Carron, Carlo Morelli and
Ezio Pinza.
Wagnerian Artist
Miss Flagstad, who opened the
Choral Union Concert series here last
fall, Professor Hackett described as
one of the finest Wagnerian sopranos,
who has done much for the Metro-
politan Opera Company. Miss Flag-
stad, previous to 1933, did most of
her singing in the Scandinavian
countries. After singing at the Fes-
tival at Bayreuth in 1933 and 1934,
she was brought to America to sing.
leading soprano roles for the Metro-
politan.
"An excellent artist in all roles"
said Professor Hackett of the Miss
Rethberg. Before being engaged by
the Metropolitan Miss Rethberg ex-
tensively toured Europe, rising from
a child prodigy to an important art-
ist in European musical circles.
The contralto, Miss Telva, Profes-
sor Hackett explained, has sung prac-
tically all the mezzo-soprano parts
in the Metropolitan. Born in St.
Louis, Mo., Miss Telva rose rapidly
in the musical profession and in the
last few years, in addition to her
Metropolitan work, she has appeared
as soloist with Arturo Toscanini and
the New York Philharmonic Orches-
tra.

Joint Leaders Of Symphony Orchestra.

EUGENE ORMANDY JOSE ITURBI
Conductors Of Concert Tour
Anticipate Ann Arbor Festival

Morelli, University Alumnus,
Says:_'Happy to Return Here'

Metropolitan Star To Sing
Baritone Role In 'Aida'
SaturdayNight Concert
In a special letter to The Daily,
Carlo Morelli, graduate of the Uni-
versity College of Engineering and
one of the guest Metropolitan stars
appearing in the Festival, expressed
his pleasure at returning to the Uni-
versity.
"The May Festival," Mr. Morelli
wrote, "being one of. the outstanding
musical events in this country, I am
quite happy to make my return to
my Alma Mater under such agree-
able circumstances."
Fourth In Family
Mr. Morelli is the fourth member
of his family to become a grand
opera star. His older brother, Renato
Zanelli preceded him into the Met-
ropolitan where he had a distin-
guished career first as a baritone
and then as a tenor. Mr. Morelli
changed his last name to avoid con-c
fusion of identity with his brother.-
Another brother, Antonio, also ac
baritone, has had a successful careert
in Europe and South America. Carlo1
is the third son and the fourth is
carving his career in South America.'
In: Chilean Academy
Mr. Morelli's family placed him in
the Chilean Naval Academy from
which he was graduated as a marine
engineer. After serving a year as a
midshipman, he transferred to the
reserve, where he still holds a lieu-
tenancy, and then came to the United
States. He entered the University of I
California but, after one semester,
changed to the University of Mich-
igan and was graduated a bachelor
in civil engineering.
But the fame and the glamour of
his brother's career, plus a little taste
Choral Work Change
Allows Nore Variety
As a slight variant to the custom
of past years, the choral work to
be presented on the Thursday eve-
ning program of this year's May Fes-
tival-Erik Fogg's "The Seasons"-is
short enough to allow a considerable
part of the program to be given over
,.. ~ ,, .~ .. .. , .. ,....w... ... . .,

,. ,.,wCompeted For Role
Mr. Carron, dramatic English ten-
or, won his Metropolitan Opera posi-
' on in competition, Professor Hackett
ti pointed out. He made his debut with.
' the company, after winning the con-
test, in "Pagliacci" in 1935 and has
since sung major roles.
teThe famed historicwWagnerian
Stenor, Mr. Melchior, was said by
Professor Hackett to be one of the
greatest Wagnerian tenors in many
{>, years. "The combination of Miss
Flagstad and Mr. Melchior is un-
beatable," Professor Hackett empha-
sized. A native of Denmark, Mr.
Melchior has an interesting reper-
toire covering Danish, Scandinavian,
Italian, German and English master-
pieces, both classic and modern.
"The University alumnus, Mr. Mo-'
relli," Professor Hackett remarked,
"has sung with all the principal
operas in Europe." He was first
CARLO MORELLI brought to the Metropolitan to share
the baritone roles with Lawrence Tib-
* * * bet and John Charles Thomas.
of "trooping" with his college show Mr. Pinza was described as "one
in which he portrayed a Spanish sen- of the noblest voices in opera any-
orita, soon resolved him. Besides the where" by Professor Hackett, who
taunts of his fellow students. about added that Mr. Pina is "a superb
his terrible voice (they knew of his interpreter and actor." Mr. Pinza,
(Continued on Page 12) (Continued On Page 111

Before leaving on his tour with the
Philadelphia Orchestra which will
bring him to Ann Arbor for a four-
day concert performance, Eugene Or-
mandy sent the following letter to
The Daily:
The Michigan Daily:
It is needless to tell you how happy
I am to be permitted to come to Anh
Arbor with the Philadelphia Orches-
tra this season. It always has been
my desire some day to be not only
acquainted with, but through my
concerts also appear in one of the
leading musical centers of our coun-
try. Unfortunately, it wasn't possible
before this. I have always been
greatly interested in the student body
and its reaction to. the .great music,.
and always felt that the American
students in colleges and in high-
schools should be given every oppor-
tunity--much more than it was the
case heretofore-to listen to great
music performed by the best artists.
Ann Arbor, through the enthusiastic
support of President Sink and Dr.
Moore has always been one of the
leaders in this desire of mine, and
consequently, my joy is double be-
cause I can take part in the Festival.
Select Varied Program,
The programs for Ann Arbor Fes-
tival were carefully selected by Dir.
Moore and myself during a three-
days' visit Dr. Moore had with us in
Philadelphia several weeks ago. When
selecting the programs, we were ex-
tremely careful to include works that
are both educational and enjoyable.
We were also very careful to include
works of great variety and works that
are not known yet, but will be not
only known but loved by the time
we leave your city. I doubt whether
anyone could haver chosen a more
varied and betterprogram than Dr.
Moore has.
Conducted Dells
As for my former associations with
the Philadelphia Orchestra previous
to my appointment as conductor, all
I can say is that I conducted two of
the Robin Hood Dell concerts in 1930.
It was the first year of the Dell
series, started in a very modest way
on a cooperative basis. They seemed
to like me, and I was asked to come
(Continued on Page 12)

Speaking before thousands who saw
the Philadelphia Symphony begin its
second annual 13,000 mile journey
throughout the United States and
Canada, Jose Iturbi, co-conductor of
the orchestra on the present tour1
gave the following address after Dr.j
Thomas L. Gates, president of the
University of Pennsylvania hailed the
cross-country journey as a great cul-
tural venture:
"Crossing the United States on a
concert tour is not new to' me, but{
crossing the United States on such a
great undertaking as this one isj
thrilling even to such a hardened
traveler like myself. This second tour
of the Philadelphia Orchestra is great
not only in size but in ambitions. It
is a magnificent venture in idealism.
"I am especially proud for many
reasons to have been chosen as con-
ductor on this tour. First of all,
because I have a deep affection for
the Philadelphia Orchestra. It was.
with this marvelous orchestra that,
I was first introduced to my thou-
sands of friends in America; it is,
with this orchestra that I have since
made many happy concert appear-,
(Continued on Page 12)
Human Nature
C onflicts Ar e
Seen in" Aida'
By HENRY Q. BRUINSMA
"Aida" is a story of the elemental
and conflicting forces of human na-
ture. Its characters struggle in a
Fate-laid trap of their own emotions
-love, loyalty, passion, the lust for
battle, jealousy, revenge-with the
spirit of the arrogant Egyptian priest-
hood hovering always greedily above.
The action is keenly dramatic, even
spectacular and well suited to oper-
atic staging. The music is clear-cut,
forceful, always perfectly expressive
of its composer's aims, with broad
melodies, opulent harmonies, and col-
orful orchestration.
Action Starts In Hall
After a brief instrumental prelude,
the action of the opera begins in the
great, collonaded hall" of the Egyp-
tian Pharaoh at Memphis. Ramphis,
the High Priest, informs Radames,
an officer in the army, that the Ethi-
opians are again invading Egyptian
territory and that Isis has chosen a
general to lead Egypt's forces to vic-
tory over the invaders. Left alone,
Radames reveals his hope that he is
the chosen leader and that he may
return victorious to lay his honors
at the feet of his beloved, Aida. Al-
though she returns his love most fer-
vently, Aida is but a captured Ethi-
opian 'slave, handmaiden to the
daughter of the King, Amneris, who
is herself passionately and jealously
enamored of the handsome young of-
ficer. Amneris now enters; followed
by Aida, and her jealous eye soon
leads the princess to suspect the truth
concerning Radames and her hand-
maiden.-'

Dr. Earl Moore
Says Concerts
To Be Best Yet
Musical Director Lauds
Attitude Of Audience
And Selection Of Stars
Having participated in May Fes-
tivals first as a chorus member and
finally as director, Dr. Earl V. Moore
of the School of Music expressed the
opinion that the artist list for the
1937 Festival, the 44th annual music-
fest, "is by far the best we have ever
had."
"It is fortunate that all these art-
ists were available for this year's
group of concerts," he said.
Claiming fr Ann Arbor the largest
musical festival of any University
in the country as well as the most
varied programs of any of the major
American Festivals, because of local
desires, Dr. Moore said that the Uni-
versity has the only major festival
with so great an uninterrupted list of
concerts.
Long Continued Existence
Although the Worchester, Mass.,
festival has passed its 75th anniver-
sary, he said, and the Cincinnati fes-
tval is more than 50 years old, the
May Festival at Ann Arbor has had
a longer continued existence than
any other, including the fourth ma-
jor festival, the Northwestern series
of concerts.
Dr. Moore first participated in the
May Festival as a member of the
Choral Union under Dr. Stanley, the
originator of the idea of a music
festival in Ann Arbor, in the Spring
of 1909, and since that time Dr.
Moore has been in every Festival.
During the early part of his Festival
career he also gave several organ re-
citals, having served as organist for
the Festivals before the advent of
Palmer Christian.
Directed First In 1922
The year 1922 was the first time
that Dr. Moore directed the Festival
serving in the capacity of acting di-
rector following the loss of Dr. Stan-
ley. In the next year he assumed
the full directorship of the Festival,
a post which he has filled since. Dr.
Stanley and Dr. Moore have been the
only directors of the Festival since
the first concert was given in 1894.
"We have the only University ,fes-
tival chorus," Dr. Moore continued,
"for the other choraltgroups contain
townspeople and adults with the set-
ting up of amateur choruses almost
prohibited financially.
"The development of the chorus
was one of Dr. Stanley's original
ideas," Dr. Moore added, "in which
he believed that the great value
which is derived from choral experi-
ences is one which should be open
to people of 'student age. If this
were shut off, the chorus would be
like that at other festivals." But
now, as Dr. Moore emphasized, the
University is known for its chorus
as well as its Festival.
Built Around Chorus
The programs are built largely
around the local chorus, Dr. Moore
explained. "It is only in the last
few years that major orchestras have
included choral concerts in their pro-
grams with choral compositions hav-
ing slight chances except at festi-
vals."
The local desires of the communi-
ties from which the music festivals
draw, determine the type of program
end the variety included in the pro-
grams presented, Dr. Moore pointed
out. At Ann Arbor, he said, where
the community does not hear operas
or has no major symphony orchestra
readily accessible, except for the stu-
(Continued on age 10)

Orchestra To Mak e Longest Stop Here

THE PHILADELPHIA SYMPHONY

* * *
Ann Arbor is to be honored with
the longest stop that the Philadel-
phia Symphony Orchestra will make
on its 13,000 mile coast to coast tour
which began April 19.
The first concert of the 1937 tour
was given in the Philadelphia Aca-
demy of Music on the night of de-
parture from Philadelphia, April 19
and the orchestra was forced to has-

Arbor May 12, 13, 14 and 15 for the
annual May Festival.
Interest was centered on the five
women who will make the journey
with the Philadelphia Orchestra as
they left with the group in the "Ho-
tel On Wheels," which will house the
musicians for five weeks. Three of
these women made the journey lastI
year, but making her first nation-
mmilPti +,a. T im Ponte nn of the

Milwaukee, Wis.; Toronto and Mon-
treal, Canada; North Hampton,
Mass.; and White Plains and New
York, N.Y.
Mr. Ormandy this year opened
the season of the orchestra, and by
the end of the season will have led
the orchestra in 22 weeks of its sea-
son. Mr. Ormandy will as well con-
duct the majority of the concerts on
the tour. The busiest conductor of

Record Attendance
Expected This Year
Judging from the advance ticket
sale, the Festival promises to be rec-
ord-breaking from the stand-point of
attendance, Charles A. Sink, presi-
dent of the School of Music pre-
dicted.
Requests for tickets have been
pouring in from all parts of Michigan
as well as the major cities in the
country with the sale here exceeding
that of last year by far," he said,
"so that the Festival promises to be
the most successful ever held here."
The sanlof individual tickets. it

Musings Interrupted
Into their several and apprehen-
sive musings break fanfares an-
nouncing the entrance of the King
and his attendants. First a messen-

.

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