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April 25, 1937 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1937-04-25

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TheWeathecr
Occasioanal rain,. somerawhat
coolr today; tomnorrow cloudy
and continued coal.

LL

Mit igan

Iaiti

*Edit~orials
The Next
Spain .. .

VOL. XLVII No. 145 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, APRIL 25, 1937

PRICE 5 CENTS

Rail Workers,
Union Leaders
Seek To Avert
Gotham Strike
Peace Parley Follows 48
Hour Truce Holding Up
ThreateningStrike
Empty Ford Plant,f
BeginNegotiations
LABOR AT A GLANCE
NEW YORK-Peace parley fol-
lows 48-hour truce in projected strike
of 25,000 raIlroad workers threaten-
ing to tie up freight movement in
Metropolitan area; five injured in
clash at Long Island newspaper plant.
LEWISTON,' Me.-Shoe manufac-
turers repeat refusal to deal with
CIO, or be "intimidated" into strike
conferences; seven union leaders or-
dered to trial for allegedly violating
injunction.
RICHMOND, Calif.-Ford plant
evacuated, work to resume pending
negotiations.
PITTSBURGH-A. F. of L. ac-
counting of defense funds demanded
in cross-bill to suit against alum-
inum workers.
SAN BERNARDINO, Calif.-Work-
ers on Parker Dam strike for CIO
recognition and wage boosts.
BARGAINING STARTS
(By The Associated Press)
Weekend conferences, begun last
night (Saturday) in New York, held
the hopes of railroad and union offi-
cials for averting astrikethat would
cripple freight movement in Goth-
am's metropolitan area.
About 25,000 members of the Bro-
herhood of Railway and Steamship
Clerks, Freight Handlers and Station
Employes were scheduled to walk out
at noon yesterday, but postponed
action for 48 hours. A federal labor
mediator arranged a peace parley
soon afterward.
Eight railroads were involved. One
official attributed the trouble to a
dispute between the brotherhood and
the International Longshoremen's
Association.
A wage increase of 20 cents an
hour was among the demands.
If the conferences fail to bring ac-
cord, another peace prospect was
seen in the possible application-of a
section of the Railway Labor Act
which would offer a 60-day post-
ponement of strike action pending
mediation by a board to be named
by the President. .
Most of the nation's labor con -
troversies were concentrated at geo-
graphical extremes. Many were quiet
or moving toward settlement.
Group Of GM Employes
Form Independent Union
FLINT, April 24.-(A')-A group of
General Motors employes announced
tonight the formation of the Inde-
pendent Automobile Employers' As-
sociation as a union open only to
Flint automotive workers.
Leaders said they have been work-
ing quietly three weeks and have en-
rolled more than 6,000 workers. At
present the work is being directed by
Edward Bowers, treasurer, Paul
Kleiber, secretary, and an advisory
committee.
Bowers and Kleiber, Chevrolet Mo-
tor Co. employes, said they are serv-
ing temporarily until a constitution
and by-laws can be formulated and
the organization incorporated. John
Wilson and Joseph Smith, Buick Mo-
tor Car Co. employes, and George
Walker and Arthur Rumsey, Chev-

rolet workers, constitute the advisory
committee.
llin~ois Sen ate
Votes For New
Student Dorms
The Illinois State Senate Thursday
passed four bills providing for the
construction and operation of dormi-
tories and a student center at the
University of Illinois, according to
the Daily Illini.
The main bill passed provides for
a three man building commission
which would control the construction!
of the buildirgs to be used as resi-
dence halls or student centers. It
is possible to construct a dormitory
and to finance the construction with
the anticipated rental receipts, the
university administration has been
advised.

French, Portuguese Blockades
Least Dependable, Aiton Says

Calls Germany And Italy
Above Suspicioni As They
Patrol Loyalist Area
By ROBERT FITZHENRY
The greatest danger of leakage in
the present international policy of
Spanish isolation is on the sectors of.
the border patrolled by France and
Portugal, Prof. Arthur S. Aiton of
the history department said yester-
day.
Professor Aiton was apprehensive
of the French vigil because of the
sympathy of the popular front gov-
ernment in Paris for the Spanish
loyalists, whereas he expressed sus-
picion of the Portuguese because of
their open espousal of the Franco
cause.
In speaking of the remaining
countries participating in the block-
ade he termed Germany and Italy
far beyond suspicion as Insurgent
sympathizers even though they are
patrolling Loyalist territory while he
thought that Great Britain could be
counted upon to fulfill her part as a
defender of the non-intervention
pact.
Professor Aiton was unable to state
which side had the advantage at
present. "Reports are too conflict-
ing to place accurately the positions
of the two armies," he said. "I have
attempted to fix the positions by
placing red and green pins on a map,l
but I find in many cases that suc-

'cessive dispatches will so contradict
one another that battles appear to be
taking place behind the supposed
fronts."
In men and materials, Professor.
Aiton believes the two armies are ap-
prcximately equal. Figures recently'
released by the Italian government
which put the number of interna-
-tionalists in the Insurgent forces at
85,000 as against 20,000 in the gov-
ernment army should be discounted,
there being probably more than a 15
per cent difference, he said.
"In financial resources the gov-
ernment appears to have the edge,"
he continued, "as I think the 400
million dollar gold reserve that the
government controls far exceeds any
resources which the Insurgents may
command in the branch banks, cop-
per mines, wine industries or orange
groves under their control."
The recent success of the govern-
ment army on the Guadalajara front
was attributed by Professor Aiton to
the superior Russian equipment be-
ing employed at present by the Loy-
alists. "Russia has apparently
opened up with her best equipment,"
he said, "and the question now is
whether Italy and Germany decided
to rush in some of their secret war
machines before the ban went into
effect."
While the Loyalists have made sur-
prising advances in the past few
months they have apparently been
unable to garner any fruits from
(Continued on Page 2)

Six Proposals
Await Annual

June Centennial
Dinner To Hear

C. Of C. Meet Shields, Burke

Capital, Labor!
Present Defy
To Leon Blum
Workers Threaten General
Strike If Full Demands
Are Not Granted
Disputes May Stop
Paris' Exposition
PARIS, April 24.-(/P)-Capital and
labor lined up tonight for a show-
down over the social efforts of Pre-
mier Leon Blum's peoples front gov-
ernment.
Labor threatened a general strike
if its full demands were not met;.
some employers held out the pos-
sibility of lockouts if the govern-
ment acceded further to labor's re-
quests.
Building trades workers defied
Premier Blum at a Vincennes mass
meeting. They were prepared, they
said. to use the "full power we pos-.
sess" to force the government to;
spend 10,000,000,000 francs ($444,-
400,000) on a public works program
to relieve unemployment.
Dock workers demanded .that
wharves remain idle two days each
week. Unionized newspaper print-
ing employes were seeking to halt;
publication of newspapers two days'
weekly.
The disputes cast their shadows I
over Paris' International Exposition,.
scheduled to open May 1. But which
probably will not open until May 17.
Construction at the exposition site.
still was lagging. In some quarters
this week was regarded as labor's,
club over the government, which,
does not want its exposition spoiled
by a strike.
But M. Blum has told the labor;
federation the treasury could not
stand additional public works ex-;
penditures. Some financial experts,
asserting half of the eight billion
franc March defense loan has been
spent, also believed the nation might;
face an empty treasury by June.
On the employer side, despite ex-
pectations of big exposition business,
hotel keepers and cafe associations
serv ' ue,&they-wxiua ose if the
government applied the 40-hour week
to them. They declared they would
not be able to compete with other
countries for tourist business.
Campus Liberal
Groups To Join
Forces April 27
Liberal and progressive students
will meet Tuesday, April 27, at the
Union in a mass membership meeting
to consolidate the forces working for
peace, security, equality, academic
freedom and a broader student social
life and the campus, it was an-
nounced yesterday.
The group of 40 representatives
on campus organizations that met
April 3 will hear a report by the
committee, instructed to draw up a
constitution for the proposed organ-
ization.
Temporarily called the Student
Union, the representatives chose for
the constitutionial committee include
Richard Clark, '37, president of the
Student Christian Association, Wil-
liam Barndt '37, associate business
manager of The Daily, Tom Downs,
'39, president of the Student Work-
ers Federation, Joseph Bernstein, '39,
president of the Student Alliance
and Marshall D. Shulman, '37, asso-
ciate editor of The Daily.

The committee was instructed at
the last meeting to consider the ad-
visability of affiliating the local group.
with the National American Student
Union.,

Leopold Wins
Anglo-French,
Belgian Pact'
Two Powers Guarantee
Brussels' Independence
And AidAgainst Attack
Low Country Gives
Support To League
BRUSSELS, April 24,-()-Bel-
gium was set today on a unique basis
of neutrality by Anglo-Saxon guaran-
tees which may become historic.
A joint declaration guaranteed Bel-
gium's independendence and released
King Leopold's nation from her pro-
mise to fight for Great Britain or
France if either were the victim of
aggression.
The document, published simul-
taneously here, in London and in
Paris, was believed in diplomatic
circles to have strengthened the close
ties between Great Britain and
France in Europe's quest for a non-
aggression pact to replace the nulli-
fied Locarno treaty.
Besides being a "one way" arrange-
ment for the benefit of Belgium,
the declaration also was made a stop-
gap to clarify Belgian policies "until
the negotiation and conclusion of a
general pact intended to replace the
Treaty of Locarno."
Belgians Determined
It took into consideration the de-
termination of the Belgian govern-
ment to defend the frontiers of Bel-
gium against invasion and to pre-
vent Belgian territory from being
used for purposes of aggression
against any other state as a passage,
or base of operations by land, sea or
air.
It also considered "the renewed as-
surances of fidelity of Belgium to the
Covenant of the League of Nations
and to the obligations which it in-
volves for members of the League."
Despite the so-called considera-
tions observed in the declaration, ob-
servers foresaw three quandaries still
confronting Belgian policy makers:
Three Quandaries
1. How can Belgium, desiring
again the neutrality she had in 1914,
deny League of Nations members the
right to transport troops through her
territory and still remain in the
League, as she also desires, which
makes such permission obligatory
against an aggressor?
2. How will Belgium answer the
moot question of internatignal law
as to whether airplanes flying over
a country constitute an invasion in
the same way as troops on its soil?
This problem, important fornany neu-
tral country, iswparticularly vital for
Belgium over which French or Ger-
man bombers probably would fly in
case of trouble.
3. How neutral can Belgium real-
ly be? Both Britain and France have
made Belgium part of their defense
systems.
Prowlers Invade
Four Residences
Local police were kept busy Friday
night and early yesterday morning by
prowlers, who four times invaded res-
idences, one a sorority house, and a
business establishment.
Police were called at 5 a.m. to the
Collegiate Sorosis sorority house, 1501
Washtenaw Ave., after a prowler en-
tered through a downstairs window
and was found upstairs. He was
frightened from the house by the
screams of one girl, whose room he
had entered. Nothing was reported

stolen.
Another, or the same prowler at
9:15 p.m. broke into the Jacob Echel-
bach market, 202 E. Huron St., and
into the adjoining Kroger store, but
obtained nothing. He was frightened
away by Mr. Eschelbach.

Want Legal Responsibility
Of Labor Unions Fixed;'
Convene At Capitol
WASHINGTON, April 24.-P)-
The question of industry's relations
with labor unions assumed a growing
importance tonight on the agenda of
the United States Chamber of Com-
merce, which begins its annual meet-
ing here Monday.
Delegates arriving for the conven-
tion found that a half dozen pro-
posals already were on the program
for their attention. The whole ques-
tion was given added urgency by the
recent Supreme Court decision up-
holding the Wagner Labor Relations
Act and the recurrence of strikes.
Incorporation Demanded
Among the suggestions already ad-
vanced by local Chambers is that
"legal responsibility" of labor or-
ganizations be fixed. One Chamber
unit recommended federal legisla-
tion to make unions responsible par-
ties to agreements and require them
to incorporate.
The Portland, Ore., Chamber pro-
posed a study of what it termed
"coercive methods used by radical
labor leaders to obtain membership"
and the Whitter, Calif., unit urged
that the federal government "with-
hold financial assistance to striking
employes."
The Chicago body would have the
national Chamber call upon the Fed-
eral and all local governments "to
protect vigorously owners of prop-
erty from unlawful seizure by any
and all groups."
In addition to the labor question,
the Chamber delegates are expected
to enunciate policy on a variety of
other subjects, including taxes, gov-
ernment activity in the business field
and credit expansion.
Day Is Set Aside
One day's session nas been set
aside to air business demands for re-
peal or modification of the federal
tax on undistributed corporate sur-
pluses.
Delegates speculated on what type'
of leader ship will succeed what some
members describe as the moderate
liberalism of Harper Sibley, retiring
president of the Chamber. Those in
town tonight declined, however, to
speculate on candidates for the presi-
dency.,
A slate of directors for the nine
regional districts and special depart-
ments of the national Chamber al-
ready had been posted for the dele-
gates' attention.
Volunteer To Speak
On Spanish Strife
David Mackenzie, secretary of the
Scottish Peace Congress, will give
an address here Wednesday on the
present situation in the Spanish

,Banquet To Be Expression
Of Gratitude 'Of People
Of Town To University
Regent Edmund C. Shields and
George Burke, Ann Arbor attorney,
will be the principal speakers for the
Centennial Community Dinner, it
was announced yesterday.
Regent Shields will speak on "The
University and the State" and Mr.
Burke on "One Hundred Years of
Town and Gown.''
The dinner will be the "opening
gun" of the Centennial celebrations
taking place Monday, June 14 in
the Intramural Building which for
this occasion, it is believed, will be
turred into the largest banquet hall
Ann Arbor has ever known. It will
be in charge ofeStanley A. Waltz,
general manager of the Union.
"The dinner will be the dinner of
the people of Ann Arbor, their spe-
cial expression of appreciation of alI
that the University has meant to the
community during the past eventful
century, all that it means today, all
that it will mean during the coming
years," laid Arthur W. Stace, chair-
man of the Dinner Committee and
managing editor of the Ann Arbor
Daily News.
The dinner, it was explained, will
be informal, to be served at 7 p.m.,
with tickets priced at $1 each which
will go on sale May 15. Requests for
reservations,. however, it was an-
nounced, may be mailed immediately
to Earl H. Cress, chairman of the
Community Dinner Ticket Commit-
tee, Ann Arbor Trust Building.
President Ruthven will preside.
Church Officer
W ill Address
P resIlyterials
Dr. Kenneth D. Miller, executive
secretary of the Presbytery of De-
troit will be the guest speaker at the
regular service of worship of the
First Presbyterian Church at 10:45
today.
He will speak on "The Perils of
Civilized Life." John M. Trytten will
give a talk to the Westminster Guild
at 6:30 p.m. His topic will deal with
"Criteria for choosing a Vocation."
Trinity Lutheran Church will lay
special emphasis on higher Christian
education in accordance with the ac-
tion of thousands of other congre-
gations of the United Lutheran
Church throughout the world. The
Rev. Henry Yoder, pastor, will have
for his theme at the 10:30 a.m. serv-
ice the subject "In School with
Christ."
The Rev. William H. Walker of De-
troit will speak dn "The Prophet that

2500 Michigras'
Revelers Increase
Receipts To $8000

J oe Cole ge Call s
CxL.Ct2L . t
A t Michigras 'Fake'
By TED PECK
Joe College, wanting to get ac-
quainted with the co-ed who sits in
front of him in Spanish 31. indig-
nantly branded the dime-a-dance at
the Michigras a "big fake" last night.
"I've been watching thai, gal like a
hawk all semester in the hope she'd
drop a book or do something else to
give me an excuse to get acquainted,"
said the ambitious student hiding be-
hind the Joe College pseudonym.
"When she signed up as a Michigras
hostess I thought at last it was the
break I had been awaiting.
'How About A Dance'
"But when' I waved the tickets
under her nose and said, "How about
this dance?' she went coy on me.
She said it was too bad but she had
to work in her sorority booth just
then. 'Another time, maybe.' Nuts!"
Mary Jane Mueller, '38, chairman
of the 500 hostesses who worked in
relays during the two evenings of
the carnival, said Joe should have
tried again last night. His charge of
"fake" elicited an equally sharp
"That's not so" from Miss Mueller.
'A Grand Opportunity'
"It's really a grand opportunity for
boy to meet girl," she insisted. "Of
course, he must be introduced prop-
erly first to the favored stranger
by one of the other hostesses he
does know.
"The girls are pretty busy, and lots
of times they do have to work in
the booths. But tell me, is your
friend Joe good looking? After all,
the girls do have a choice; they're not
getting paid for this themselves, you
know."
Legislators May
Adjourn Session
By First Of June
Heavy Schedule For Week
Completed; Legislation
Delayed By Strikes
LANSING, April 24.-(IP)-The
Michigan Legislature, a heavy week's
schedule completed, pointed its pro-
gram tonight toward possible ad-
journment by May 28.
Ahead lie several controversial bits
of legislation, as well as part of the
administration program, delayed
while Gov. Frank Murphy devoted
his efforts to settling automobile and
other strike difficulties.
The House Ways and Means Com-
mittee, holding the last of the big
appropriation bills-amounting to
$75,000,000-promised speedy ac-
tion and Chairman M. Clyde Stout
said "We'll all be home by the first
of June."
Rising demands on the state
treasury have resulted in attempts
to uncover new tax sources. Senator
John C. Wickstrom, chairman of the
Senate Finance Committee, said h
would inquire of the State Liquo
Control Commission how much a
package tax'of 15 or 20 cents a quar
and 10 cents a pint would produce.
Pointing out that budget re
quests now top by 25 million dollar
the estimated $100,000,000 of stat
funds available, Senator Wickstromr
said, "if a bill providing for the di-
version of $9,000,000 or $10,000,000 a
year from sales tax revenues to the
counties and the State Highway De-
partment is adopted we will have t
find more money somewhere to mee

1 the budget."

Tomlinson Says Carnival
Is Success As 8,000
Attend In Two Days
Sphinx comeback
Gains A $13 Profit
WAA To Receive $300
Plus 25' Of Remainder
Dlorm Fund Gets Rest
Inclement weather failed to dam-
pen the spirits of 2,500 revellers last
night as they thronged the Yost Field
House for the second night of Michi-
gras' mid-glad frolicing.
The total proceeds of the two
nights was estimated at $8,000 at
12:10 a.m. today and the total at-
tendance figures were thought to
approximate 8,000.
Willis H. Tomlinson, '37, general
chairman of the Michigras, called
the whole affair a success.
It was not announced last night
how much the Women's Athletic As-
To all but the twenty-eight
Sphinx men who sponsored the
roulette wheel at the Michigras,
the whole carnival was a success.
To them it was the second night
that was their supreme triumph,.
On Friday night the booth lost
$3.00 and last night the atmo-
sphere in the Michigras business
office was heavy with gloomy an-
ticipation until the receipts from
the booth were turned in, for it
had been crowded throughout
the evening. However, the hat-
ful of tickets the happy Sphinxes
had, more than swept away their
losses with a clear profit of $13
besides.
sociation and the Dorm Committee,
the two beneficiaries woLit' receive.
However, the former will get the
first $300 grossed and in addition 25
per cent of the rest of the profits,
whereas the Dorm Committee will
receive the remainder.
Booths Did Well
The booths did a land office busi-
ness again as townsfolk and students
alike flocked to the varied attrac-
tions.
Delta Upsilon's "Hunt Club" in
which the customers attempted to
put out candle flames with riflefire
and Beta Theta Pi's "Follies Ber-
serk" were among the most popular
on the floor.
In a survey of the most popular
sororities on campus conducted by
the Sigma Phi Epsilon Fraternity
Kappa Kappa Gamma took first
place followed by Kappa Alpha Theta
and Delta Delta Delta.
' Independent Winners
The winners in the independent
radio contest were Jeanne Morgan,
4 M iradna0' nStiaiootaoin-tb5
'40, and Marion Sedon, of 1117
Church St. Dean Joseph A. Bursley
drew the lucky numbers from the
box.
The carnival spirit was further
carried out by a gian ferris wheel and
a "loop" which were installed at the
north end of the Field House. Ticket
sellers estimated that 2,000 and 1,000
patrons respectively had ridden on
these amusements.

i
t

Extra Legal Price Fixing Power
Wielded By Trade Associations

EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the last in
a series of articles on trade associai ions
aend the public, labor and indu.stry.
By JACKJ DAVIS
NRA is dead, but trade associa
tions, armed with minimum price leg-
islation can fix prices as efficiently
today as when it existed abetting
monopoly, Prof. Edward H. Gault of
the business administration school
declared yesterday.
But today, he continued, we can-
not demand the abolition of abuses
such as child labor in return for
the privilege of price fixing.
"Trade associations, stated- Pro-
fer Gaul.jilt. haive n t ben gcyiin-

agree to maintain a high price in
order to pay high wages. The union
on its side aids the employers as-
sociation in preventing chiseling and
price-cutting among the manufac-
turers through threat of a strike. The
consumer, commented Professor
Gault, is obviously holding the bag.
"The only check, said Professoi
Gault, that the general public has
against such practices is through the
anti-trust, the restraint of trade acts,
and the criminal law. The Federal
Trade Commission, charged with en-
forcing these measures can only end
the most flagrant violations where

TO Speak Here
Homer Martin, president of the
United Automobile Workers of
America, agreed last night to ad-
dress a mass meeting at 8 p.m. to-
morrow on "Labor and Civil Rights"
at the Pattengill Auditorium. The
meeting was called by the Washte-
naw Conference for the Protection
of Civil Rights.
Following Martin, Prof. Hobart
Coffey of the Law School will talk
on the use of deputies in Washte-
naw County and Tom Downs, presi-
dent of the Students Workers Fed-
eration will outline the students'
struggles to organize. Fred Norris,
Secretary of the Ann Arbor Trades
and Labor Council will preside.
Mr. Marley said that the purpose
of the meeting is to clarify the is-
sues which have confronted the citi-

z
C
r
s
,,
1

8

)'Clocks Now Start
A t 7 q Time Changes

Nearly one-third of the population
of the United States moved their
clocks forward an hour today (Sun-
day) as Daylight Saving Time went
into effect in hundreds of communi-
ties.
The advanced time became effec-
tive at 2 a.m. and will remain in ef-

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