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April 01, 1937 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1937-04-01

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t

Increasing cloudiness followed
by showers today, somewhatV
warmer in east today.
VOL. XLVII No. 132 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, APRIL 1, 1937

E -ditorials
Vho's Looney Now?
Vho Wins Tonight...
PRICE FIVE CENTS

Senators Sayx
Court Power
Is Wielded By
SingleJustice
Dorothy Thompson States
Judiciary Plan May Lead
To Dictatorship
Senate Committee
Continues Hearing
WASHINGTON, March 31.-()-
Two administration Senators com-
plained today that power over fun-
damental economic and social legis-
ration now rests "upon the vacillat-
ing judgment and human frailty of
a single judge" of the Supreme
Court.
Minton of Indiana, a defender of
the Roosevelt court legislation, and
Schwellenbach of Washington,
friendly but uncommitted, told the
Senate that the Court's reversal on
the issue of minimum wage laws
showed Associate Justice Roberts to
hold too much, power.
Schwellenbach called it the "pow-
er of a Mussolini."
In addition, Minton asserted Chief
Justice Hughes had "not forgotten
the many lessons he learned so well
in the arena of politics." The In-
dianan said that Hughes had trans-
mitted a letter to the Senate Ju-
diciary Committee made up of "facts,
fiction and dictum."
Roberts Deciding Factor
Contending that a change in the
attitude of Justice Roberts altered
the decision of the Court on the
constitutionality of minimum wage
laws for women within the space of
a year, Minton asserted:
"Unless the personnel of the Court
is enlarged, every new and debateable
issue that comes before the Court will
find four justices definitely hostile,
four will interpret the Constitution
in the light of changing conditions,
while one justice moves around we
know not where."
At another point in the Senate de-
bate, Senator Wheeler (Dem., Mont.),
a foe of the President's bill, said its
proponents regretted the latest Su-
preme Court decision bcause it de-
stroyed some of their arguments for
"packing" the Court.
Adverse Testimony Heard
Meanwhile, the Senate Judiciary
Committee was receiving testimony
against the legislation, which would
empower the President to increase
the membership of the Court unless
justices past 70 retire.
Dorothy Thompson, columnist, and
Prof. Edwin Borchard of the Yale
University Law School were the wit-
nesses.
Miss Thompson objected to the
measure as the possible forerunner
of a dictatorship, not by President
Roosevelt, but by a successor, and
drew an analogy between the legis-
lation and events in European coun-
tries leading to the abolition of de-
mocracy."
Professor Borchard contended the
bill, while "within the letter of the
Constitution," was "in a broader
sense unconstitutional" because "in
the minds of many, it is calculated to
make the Supreme Court subservient
to the executive."
Norris Still Opposed
During the day, Senator Norris
(Ind., Neb.) visited the White House
and said later that his position on
the Court bill was unchanged, that

he favored other methods of ap-
proaching the problem, but that he
would "vote for the plan" if he
"can't get anything better."
Attorney-General Cummings also
entered the unabating struggle once
more with a statement saying the
minimum wage decision shows the
soundness of President Roosevelt's
proposal "in vivid fashion."
Caucus To Discuss
Liberal Union Plans
Final preliminaries to the forma-
tion of liberal group designed by its
sponsors to have a broader appeal
than any of its predecessors on the
campus will be discussed at a caucus
at 3 p.m. Saturday in the Union, the
steering committee of the proposed
group announced yesterday.
Members of campus church groups,
the Peace Council, Student Alliance,
SCA, Student Workers' Federation,

Reaches 55 Today

Alexander G. Ruthven will today
celebrate his 55th birthday. Born in
1882 in Hull, Ia., he has been Pres-
ident of the University since 1929,
when he succeeded Dr. Clarence
Cook Little.
Official Italian
Intervention In
SpainPossible
Opportunity Of Bolshevist
Government Results In
Change Of Government
Fear of the establishment of a
Bolshevist government in Spain may
cause Italy to officially despatch
troops to aid the rebels in the Span-
ish revolt, Associated Press reports
stated last night.
Thus the Italian position on in-
tervention in the Spanish civil war
was outlined by the press ministry, as
usually reliable sources reported that
Spanish insurgent Gen. Francisco
Franco had imported 1,000 Italian
colonials to quell a 'mutiny in Mo-
rocco.
To Observe Accord
The press ministry avowed:
That Italy will observe the Euro-
pean non-intervention accord to the
extent that it is "respected also by
other powers which largely intervene
in Spain."
That if aid is continued. to the
Spanish government by interested
foreign powers, "the Italian govern-
ment would find itself in necessity
being forced to reexamine its own
situation."
That "it is inconceivable that re-
strictive measures would be applied
only from one side"-with resultant
advantagevto "those forces which aim
at bolshevization of Spain."
Deny Charges
Reports that thousands of Italian
troops had been killed in fighting in
Spain were termed "absolutely un-
founded," but the press minister said
that several hundred Italian volun-
teers were among civil war casualties.
The ministry professed ignorance
also of the Moroccan revolt reports.
Tetuan, Spanish Morocco, insurgent
officials denied that any revolt had
occurred there but reports persisted
that 50 were shot and 1100 arrested
to suppress a rising against Franco.
The insurgent general, usually re-
liable advices stated, imported 1,000
Italian colonial fighters to quell the
counter-revolt.
Schoolmasters
To Meet Here;
Speakers Listed
Programs for the 72nd annual
meeting of the Michigan Schoolmas-
ter's club to be held April 29 and 30
and May 1 here were announced yes-
terday by Registrar Ira M. Smith.
The Rev. Dr. Frederick B. Fisher,
pastor of the Central Methodist Epis-
copal Church, Detroit, and former
pastor of the First Methodist Church
here, will be the principal speaker,
Friday, April 30 in the Union, speak-
ing on the subject "What Is An
American?"
Prof. Preston W. Slosson of the
history department will discuss
"Trends of the Times" at a meeting
Friday morning.
Thursday at a conference on re-
lations between secondary schools
and institutions of higher learning,
Dr. Eugene B. Elliott, state super-
intendent of public instruction, will
be the principal speaker.
Samuel W. Brownell, superinten-
dent of schools at Grosse Pointe, will

be the chief speaker at the Saturday
m -nrn,v'n' r mppf'inr off *'hp .nih .

Nazis Planning
Property Law
Modifications
Inheritance Rules To Give
Labor Preference Over
Relatives Of Owners
Have Already Tried
Some Of Proposals
BERLIN, March 31.-(IP)-The
Nazi government is preparing to give
to the German people a new con-
ception of property rights, differing
radically from the ideas of orthodox
capitalism, a high official disclosed
tonight.
New civil laws are in process of
codification, said this official, and in
them "there will be no need and no
room" for "abstract rights of prop-
erty"-especially with respect to land.
Roland Freisler, State Secretary in
the Ministry of Justice, made these
disclosures in an article in a law
magazine, "German Common and
Economic Law."
This legal authority predicted new
conceptions would govern inherit-
ance. Under new laws such passage
of property will be governed by con-
siderations of proximity, which may
be either of blood relationship or
of occupational relationship.
Already In Effect
Thus a distant relative would have
less chance of inheriting industrial
property than a worker who had
helped the original owner develop it.
The changes in prospect, Freisler
explained, do not mean that the en-
tire civil law is being overhauled with
special emphasis on property rights.
They merely will be a gradual appli-
cation of new conceptions of workers'
rights, peasants' rights and rights of
other classes.
The new laws, wrote Freisler, in
many respects already are in full op-
eration, as exemplified by the hered-
itary farm laws, labor laws and racial
laws which place Jews on a different
status from other Germans with re-
gard to property rights.
The German people gradually are
being prepared for acceptance of the
nazis' principles of property.
New Conception Established
The writer pointed out that the
Nazi system of hereditary farm is
establishing a new conception of the
relationship of the farmer to the land
he tills, just as the Nurnberg racial
laws established a new conception
of citizenship, excluding Jews from
full participation.k
In tne same way new laws are es-
tablishing a modern relationship be-
tween workers and their factories,
between workers and their dwellings
and also between the whole people
and such property as mineral re-
sources, rivers and canals. Some of
these changes remain to be legislat-
ed, the writer said.
Perkins Considers

Draft Bill For Bread
Price Investigation
WASHINGTON, March 31.-( )-
Rep. Paul W. Shafer of Battle Creek,
drafted today a resolution request-
ng the Attorney General to investi-
gate Michigan bread prices.
Shafer said he would introduceit
Thursday. He said he had received
complaints that chain bakeries were
keeping bread prices at a low level
to eliminate independent competition.
The resolution referred to "cer-
tain conditions prvailing in the bak-
ing industry in Michigan whereby in-
dependent bakers are being forced
out of business by chain organiza-
tions failing to maintain an adequate
price sale." It was drafted after E.
L. Schafer of Kalamazoo, owner of
the Peter Pan Bakers, Inc., com-
plained to the Battle Creek represen-
tative.
Two Detroiters
Die, Two Hurt
In Auto Crash
Car Fails To Make Turn,
Collides With Truck On
Road To Clinton
Two Detroit men were killed and
two were seriously injured at 8 p.m.
yesterday when the car in which they
were riding failed to make a curve
three and one-half miles east of Clin-
ton on U.S. 112, hitting a truck and
sending the Pontiac coach in which
the Detroit people were riding 180
feet into a field.
Those dead are Donald Barrett,
aged 19 and Frank Martin, aged 23,
and the injured ones are William
Wilcox, aged 18, and Howard Dolt,
aged 23. The driver of the truck,
Louis Baker, aged 34 of Adrian, was
uninjured.
Ypsilanti State Police said that the
accident apparently happened when
the car in which the Detroit men
were riding west tried to straighten
out a curve and hit the truck in do-
ing so.
The driver of the car was thrown
but the automobile registration card
of Martin was found in the car, the
police stated.I
Work DiseaseI
Bill Is Passed
By State Senate
LANSING, March 31.-9P)-The
Senate passed an occupational dis-
ease bill today, thereby advancing
the first administration measure to
show progress in the Legislature.
The Hittle Bill, listing 31 diseases
which would be compensable under
the Workmen's Compensation Law if
they were contracted because of or
in employment was adopted unani-
mously.
It goes to the House, where it will
be considered by the labor committee
in conjunction with other occupa-
tionalfdisease measures,sincluding
one drafted by a special study com-
mission appointed by former Gover-
nor Fitzgerald. Attempts to substi-
tute the commission bill for the
Hittle measure in the Senate failed.
As approved by the Senate the
bill did nottmeet with the entire
approval of either the Michigan Fed-
eration of Labor or Governor Mur-
phy, but was viewed by the Governor
as a "step in the right direction."
The labor organization and the Gov-
ernor favored an all-inclusive law,

embracing all diseases, instead of
the more definite measure specifi-
cally naming the compensable dis-,
eases.

Benefit Fight
Show To Be
Held Tonight
Ten Bouts Feature Event;
Ty Tyson And Bonth
Williams ToAppear
Show For Benefit
Of Fresh Air Camp
By BONTH WILLIAMS
An even score of scrapping, bat-
tling, leather throwing fighters will
step into the ring in Yost Field House
tonight intent upon battering out
victory and glory in the 10 action-
packed bouts that feature the Michi-
gan Fight Show.
Five thousand people, including'
most of the Michigan celebrities, will
be on hand to witness the finest box-
ing card the University has ever o,
fered, and to pour their contributions
into the swelling charity gate.
! Tyson To Anoune
ITy Tyson, personable sports au-
thority, will announce the first bout
The lights are dimmed as the white
glare of the arcs over the ring cut in,
and those who jam their way into
the Field House will be treated to
the thrill of thrills. The sight of two
well conditined fighters, ghostly white
bodies a contrast to their bright
trunks, as all alone they dance outt
from their corners to do or die. <
Lithe muscles, perfect timing, eacht
a human machine bent on smashingI
and slashing, its opponent into sub-1
mission.
10 Bouts Scheduled
Each of the 10 bouts is set to goi
three two-minute rounds, unless ab-
ruptly punctuated by a right hook
earlier in the proceedings. Vernon
Larson, freshman boxing coach, and
John Johnstone will handle the offi-
ciating and alternate on the fights.1
Medals will be awarded the victors
in all bouts tonight. Darby Drake,'
Ann Arbor High School coach andt
Fred De Lano, Chicago Tribune Cor-
respondent, will act as judges with
the referee.
Siegel To Box
Late changes in the pairings weret
made yesterday afternoon which will
send Don Siegel, state Golden Gloves
champ in the novice division, up
against a hard hitting heavyweight
from Flint. Siegel, who outclasses
everything in the University, has
agreed to take on a former college
champion now living in the strike
center.
Bob Thalner, who had previously
been matched with Siegel, will meet
up with Don Cash, Elmhurst, Ill.,
yearling who packs dynamite in both+
hands in the second heavyweight go
of the evening.
Tom Root, an Ann Arbor fresh-
(Continued on-Page 2)
Bill Proposess
Control Of Gift
By University
A bill designed to give 'the Univer-
sity outright claim to the $4,000,000
gift from the Horace E. and Mary A.
Rackham fund will be introduced in
the legislature today, according to
the Associated Press.
Rep. Edward H. Fenlon, St. Ignace
Democrat, sponsor of the measure,
said the bill would repeal an act which

requires the Regents to deposit with
the state treasurer funds donated to
the University to establish trusts.
President Ruthven said last night
that the Rackham gift had been
accepted by the Regents only pro-
visionally, in view of the state law.
The act has not been enforced, ac-
cording to the Associated Press, be-
cause it was believed to conflict with
constitutional authority of the Re-
gents.
Retail Milk Prices
To Rise In Michigan
DETROIT, March 31.-(AP)-The
consumer will begin paying higher
prices for milk tomorrow in Michi-
gan.
In Detroit, the price of home-de-
livered milk goes up one cent a quart
to 13 cents. The store price will re-
main at 12 cents.
Retail consumers in Jackson, how-1
ever, will have to nay 14 cents aI

Selected As Speaker

JESSE S. REEVES
Reeves Named
To Be SpeakerE
At Convocation,
Will Be First Faculty Man
To Give Annual Address
Before Honor Students1
Prof. Jesse S Reeves of the po-
litical science department, who re-
tired last month as chairman of the1
department, was named yesterday to'
deliver the address at the 14th an-
nual Honors Convocation which will
be held April 30 in Hill Auditorium.t
Professor Reeves, an authority on
international law, will be the first
faculty member to give the lecture.1
The selection was made by the con-
vocation committee which is headedc
by Dean of Students Joseph A. Burs-
ley.
Professor Reeves was chairman of
the political science department from
the time he came here in 1910 until
his resignation. He has been the
United States member of the Pan-
American Conference for Interna-
tional Law Codification since 1925I
and holds a W.W. Cook professorship
of American Institutions.
In 1924 he was appointed lecturer,
at the Academy of International Law
at the Hague and in 1925 was named
a member of the Permanent Court of
Central American Justice. He is the
author of several books, essays and
reviews.
President Ruthven will preside at
the convocation which is held an-
nually to honor students selected for
outstanding scholastic achievement.
Senior honors are awarded to stu-
dents who have attained at least a B
average and hold rank in the high-
est 10 per cent of the senior classes
in the various schools and colleges.
Junior, sophomore and freshman
honors are awarded to students who
have attained an average equivalent
to at least half A and half B. .
Winners of fellowships and schol-
arships and other honor students in
(Continued on Page 6)
Independents Plan
For Carnival Booth
The newly-formed organization for
all independent men on campus, at a
meeting last night in the Union, vot-
ed to conduct a full-sized booth at,
the Michigras carnival which is to
be held April 23 and 24 at Yost Field
House. The group will also conduct
a prize-winning contest in a smaller
booth at which several radios are to
be awarded.
Bruce Telfer, '38, temporary chair-
man of the group, also proposed that
a dinner-dance be held for all inde-
pendents sometime after Spring Va-
cation at the Union for a nominal
price. He asked that in order to
make the Michigras booth and the
prospective dinner-dance successes, a
large number of independents come
out. *
Tentative plans have been made
for social activities, discussion group
and sports committees. The next
meeting will be held at 730 p.m.
Monday at the Union.
Power Authority Bill

Coal Industry
Strike Looms
As Wage Fight
Is Deadlocked
Reject Miners' Demands
Shortly Before End Of
Present Agreement
Government Seeks
Hands-Off Course
NEW YORK, March 31.---P)A-A
soft coal strike Friday became more
probable tonight with wage and hour
negotiations between miners and op-
Several large groups of operators
rejected the United Mine Workers
latest demand a few hours before
the midnight expiration of the pres-
ent working agreement.
Tomorrow is John L. Lewis day, a
miners' holiday, but 400,000 miners
will stay away from work Friday
unless a new contract is signed or
the present one extended.
No, Agreement Seen
The miners and operators were
slated to hold a conference late to-
night, but many operators expressed
the opinion, privately, that no agree-
ment would result.
Lewis' latest demand, in brief,
called for an increase of 50 cents in
the present basic daily wage of $5.50
and a raise of nine cents in the
combined cutting and loading rate
with time and a half for overtime.
Duncan Kennedy, chairman, called
the full joint wage conference of
about 300 miners and operators to
meet at 9:30 p.m. to decide the
issue.
Six Men Negotiate
The six-man joint negotiating
committee reported to a larger com-
mittee late this afternoon. This lar-
ger committee, in turn, was to re-
port to the full conference after hear-
ing from the operators' caucuses.
Edward F. McGrady, assistant sec-
retary of labor, sent word to the
committee he stood ready to help
arrange an agreement if his services
were asked. Through the labor de-
partment, McGrady kept President.
Roosevelt informed on developments,
In usually well-informed quarters,
the Administration was represented
as wishing to avoid a strike but equal-
ly desirous of keeping hands off the
situation as long as possible.
Mr. Roosevelt stepped, into the 1935
negotiations five times to obtain ex-
tensions of an old contract and thus
avert a strike.

S'Hara Assails

Model

Wage

Iaw

WASHINGTON, March 31.--'P)-
A well-informed labor authority said
today that Secretary Perkins was
considering calling a national con-
ference to draft atmodel minimum
wage law for the states.
Some state labor commissions ap-
parently have been sounded out the
informant said, on whether they
would welcome such a conference.
There were indications invitations
might go out almost immediately to
state labor and legal experts.
New York officials already have in-
dicated a desire to enact a law, now
that Washington's has been upheld,
and a movement is under way to re-
vive the District of Columbia mini-
mum wage law. '

Court Proposal
As Dictatorial
Contrary To Separatibn Of
Powers, Detroit Lawyer
Tells AlphaKappa Psi
The Supreme Court issue which is
now facing Congress is plainly a
question of whether the people of the
United States prefer to be citizens in
a free democratic government or to
be slaves to some dictatorial power
similar to those in Europe, Chester
O'Hara, 'lOL, Detroit lawyer and de-
feated candidate for prosecutor for
Wayne County, told the members of
the Alpha Kappa Psi business ad-
ministration. fraternity last night.
"The framers of the Constitution
provided for three definite depart-
ments in our Federal government:
the executive, to be headed by the
President; the legislative, by Con-
gress; and the judicial, by the Su-
preme Court. These departments
were, of course, meant to function
absolutely independent of each other;
for without such independence the
entire purpose of such a three-part
division is lost," Mr. O'Hara pointed
out.
"Already part of that purpose has
automatically been defeated by vir-
tue of the majority of "pro-Roose-
velt" representatives in the House
and Senate; and now, with the leg-
islative body well under his thumb,
the head-executive is trying to grasp
complete control- of the country by
subrdinating the Supreme Court to
his wishes."
If Mr. Roosevelt's program is ap-
proved, the President's position in
resnect to the nation will be exactly

Four Bands Are Expected To Lead
Michigras 'Grand Processional'

A grand parade with a processional
of three or four local bands, probably
headed by Michigan's own "Fight-
ing Hundred" will open the 1937
Michigras on April 23, according to
H. Murray Campbell, '38, of the
Michigras Conmittee.
The procession, which will begin
at 4:00 p.m., will be well heralded
by martial music for not only is the
Varsity Band expected but also the
Ann Arbor High School Band, the
Elk's Band, and the American Legion
Drum and Bugle Corp, Campbell
said.

Union to discuss the parade if they
are interested in being represented.
Also included in the procession will
be 30 to 40 horses representing the
several riding academies of Ann Ar-
bor. The march will begin at the
Yost Field House, puss through the
downtown section and then procede
up to the campus and encircle it
completely. The parade will last ap-
proximately an hour and a half.
The Michigras itself-a real car-
nival with booths, side shows,. and
the customary carnival features-
will begin shortly after the parade at
the Yost Field House. Plans have

Is Wisconsin Possibility
MADISON, Wis., March 31.-UP-
A power bill sposored by the LaFol-
lette administration and designed to

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