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February 19, 1937 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1937-02-19

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The Weather
Rain or snow, colder in west
portion today; tomorrow gen-
erally fair, ,colder.

L

B kig untg il

Editorials
How High Is Too High.. .

VOL. XLVII No. 98 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, FEB. 19, 1937
'-. r U

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Pact BlockedI
By Portugal,
But Eno land
Is Confident
Sihe Continues Separate
Talk With Portuguese
And Reports Progress
French Neutrality
Decrees Tightened

Rising Hitler Opposition Born
Of TragedyBelow,' Gaiss Says

0,

LONDON, Feb. 18.-(P)-Portugal
stood out today against the 26 na-
$tions who are striving to isolate the1
Spanish civil war with Ln ironcladt
ban on men and munitions effective1
at midnight Saturday.
Spain's closest neighbor remained
adamant in refusing to cooperate
fully with members of the non-in-
tervention committee, despite the
pressure of European powers, and
forced the sub-committee designated
to deal with the, Portuguese prob-
lem to recess without definite ac-1
tion.1
British official sources said tonight,'
however, that negotiations between
Britain and Portugal, looking towardI
changes in the scheme to make it1
acceptable to Portugal, were making
progress.
The non-intervention group's sub-I
committee plans to meet tomorrow to,
receive a report on the British-Por-
tuguese talks.
(Measures to make effective
France's part in the 26-power em-
bargo were taken in Paris by Presi-
dent Albert LeBrun. He signed de-
crees forbidding Frenchmen to join
either side of the civil war and ban-J
ning recruiting for Spanish service.
Strict border patrols and restrictions
on travel across the Franco-Spanish
frontier were provided in the de-
crees.)
The Portuguese problem was creat-
ed first when the Lisbon governmentI
declined to accept proposals to block
all Spanish frontiers effective March
_6.
Portugal centered her objections
on proposed stationing of neutral
observers on the Hispano-Portuguese
border to halt the flow of volunteers
and war supplies to war-torn Spain.
If she stands pat, the other powers
may patrol both Portuguese and,
Spanish coasts.1
Roosevelt Asks
100 Million Forl
Crop Insurance
WASHINGTON, Feb. 18.-(')-Of-
ficials estimated tonight that $100,-
000,000 to $150,000,000 would be re-
quired to set up a vast crop insurance
system commended to Congress today
by President Roosevelt.
They figured that amount would
establish adequate reserves and meet
other necessary costs.
Offsetting this was the contention
of the President's crop insurance
committee that the proposed system
would eliminate other expenditures
for farmers distressed by crop fail-
ures. The committee estimated such
outlays had totaled $600,000,000 in
the past ten years.
In a special message to Congress
'today, Mr. Roosevelt recommended
that Federal crop insurance start
with wheat next year and be extend-
ed later to other producers evidencing
a desire for such protection.
It was his second recommendation
in three days for broadening the Fed-
eral farm program. The first sug-
gested liberal credit and other Fed-
eral aid for tenants and insecure
farm owners.
As in his message of tenancy, the
President emphasized his contention
that Federal action upon such mat-
ters is constitutional.
"May I repeat," he said today
"what I have suggested in a former
message: that because economic and
social reforms of this character are
essentially national in scope and ad-
ministration, the citizens of our na-
tion believe that our form of govern-
ment was never intended to prohibit
their accomplishment."
'Get In An Activity,'

BursleyUrges '40

Heidelberg Delegate Tells
Of Surprisingly Bold
Hostility To Nazi Regimer
By ROBERT FITZHENRY
The German people and the Hitler
government were described as twot
distinct entities with widely diver-
gent views, by Prof. Aloysius J. Gaiss1
of the German department in an in-
terview yesterday.
Professor Gaiss has just returnedI
to campus after seven month's so-
journ in Germany where he was thet
Michigan representative at the 550th
anniversary of the University of?
Heidelberg.
"I was able to contact hundreds ofE
people through my different affilia-
tions," he said, "and more than 50
per cent of those I talked to openly
avowed their opposition to the gov-
ernment. I believe the percentage
would have reached an even higher
figure if there were not so much fear
of government apprehension of suchs
admissions."
A Degraded Existence
To the casual observer Germany
presents a happy enough appearance
Professor Gaiss explained, as on the.
surface the whole country appears
tolerably prosperious. "It is under-
neath, however," he said "that the
real tragedies are divulged. Because
they are a proud people the Ger-
mans are struggling manfully to
hide their destitute economic cir-
cumstances. But in many cases," the
professor continued, "the degraded
means to which the peoples have
been forced to secure even the com-
monest luxuries cannot help but at-
tract attention. I often noticed house-
wives in respectable neighborhoods
picking up cigar stubs from the
streets to wash and clean them for
their husband's pipes"
"The strength of the government,"
Professor Gaiss continued, "seems to
lie in the army, in the divergent
views of the secret opposition, in the
Operators And
Miners Begin
Contraet Talks
NEW YORK, Feb. 18.-(P)-Soft
coal operators and miners settled
down tonight for a long fight over
terms for their next wage and hour
agreement.
Their agreement extends through
March 31. They were so far apart
in their demands for the new con-
tract that observers felt any agree-
ment before the deadline was ex-
tremely improbable.
As the first big step toward this
agreement, the operators and United
Mine Workers turned over negotia-
tions to a committee of eight operat-
ors and 15 miners. Each side has
equal voting strength.
This committee held morning and
afternoon sessions. Demands of each
side were canvassed thoroughly, with
no conclusions.
After tomorrow's sessions, the com-
mittee may reess for several weeks
to allow both operators and miners to
gather statistical data in support of
their respective positions.
UNION TRYOUTS MEET TODAY
Tryouts for positions in the Mich-
igan Union will be at 4 p.m. today
in the student committee rooms of
the Union, Herbert B. Wolf, '37, pres-
ident of the Board of Directors an-
nounced yesterday. Freshmen who
meet the general eligibility require-
ments are invited to apply for posi-
tions.

support of most of the German busi-
ness men in the fear of communism
entertained by the general public.
The business men are in favor of the
present regime," the professor said,
"because of its suppression of the
Jew to the consequent advantageof
the Christians engaged in commerce."
The government is permitting the
present generation of worshippers to
go unmolested, Professor Gaiss said.
The churches are filled and, for. the
most part,hservices are conducted in
a normal fashion, he said. "It is,
however, with the future generations
that the government hopes to exert(
religious regimentation," he added.
"By gradually educating the young(
people, Hitler evidently hopes to7
establish a state religion in thesnot-
too-distant future."
Propaganda In Shools
The universities were branded by
Professor Gaiss as centers of govern-
ment propaganda, in many cases. He
referred specifically to such courses
as geography where the instruction
seems devoted to impressing the stu-
dents with the fatherland's need for
colonies. Apropos of this he stated
emphatically that the German people
(Continued on Page 2)
Prof. Hines Sees
No Great Peril
In Depopulation
Colgate Sociologist Attacks
High Abortion, Divorce
Rates Of Nation Today
There is no more danger of de-
population in the world today than
there was danger of over-population
in the time of Malthus, Dr. Norman
E.' Himes, professor of sociology at
Colgate University and director of the
American Population Asscoiation told
an audience of 300 yesterday in the
Natural Science Auditorium.1
Dr. Himes believes that we have be-
come so adjusted psychologically to
the rapid rate of population growth
during the last century that we have
come to look upon it as normal. Con-
trary to our beliefs, stationary or very
slowly expanding populations are the
normal conditions in history, he
pointed out.
Declarations to the effect that the
populations of the United States and
of northern and western Europe are
"doomed to die out" are based on
statistical fallacy and are madeswith-
out proper allowance for probable fu-
ture changes, Dr. Himes maintains.
"In the long run," he said, "popula-
tion phenomena are self-equilibrat-
ing and self-adjusting."
As causes for the decliiiing birth
rate, Dr. Himes cited the increasing
use of contraceptive measures, rapid
urbanization, the decline in religious
orthodoxy and the rising standard
of living.
Dr. Himes assailed the high abor-
tion rate in this country which he
believes might almost be as high as
the birth rate itself. To remedy the
Read each day in The Daily
"Campus Life - By J. A. B.,"
short, humorous sketches of life
in the University.

F.D.R.Seeking
More Support
On Court Plan
Consults With 3 Senators
And Asks Federal Action
On National Problems
Auto Uion Stands
Behind Judicial Bill
WASHINGTON, Feb. 18.-Presi-
dent Roosevelt renewed today his ef-
fort to swBing senators to the support
of his proposal to name six new Su-
preme Court justices.
To the White House for an inti-
mate conference he called Senators

Michigan Six'
Battles Tech
Here Tonight
Heyliger To Start Game
At Center; Bill Chase Is
New Net-Minder
Mythical State Title
At Stake In Series

tt
H
wI
IC
hI

An interview with Prof. Edgar
N. Durfee of the Law School,
who supports President Roose-
velt's court proposal, will be re-
ported in tomorrow's Daily as
the third of a series of five ar-
ticles on the proposed judicial
reorganization.
Brown of Michigan, Maloney of Con-
necticut and Moore of New Jersey, all
Democrats, who have yet to take a,
final stand on his court idea but have
indicated opposition.
At the same time, he reminded
Congress for the second time this
week of his view that the Constitu-
tion permits Federal action on prob-
lems of nation-wide scope.
Sending to the Capitol a message
urging Federal crop insurance, he
said that "because economic and so-
cial reforms of this character are es-
sentially national in scope and in ad-
ministration, the citizens of our na-
tion believe that our form of govern-
ment was never intended to prohibit
their accomplishment."
This followed a message on the
farm tenancy problem which con-
cluded with an assertion that "most!
Americans believe that our form of'
government does not prohibit action
on those who need help."
Coupling these incidents, many in
Congress were quick to conclude that
by attaching such statements to
messages on specific legislation, Mr.
Roosevelt was quietly appealing for
and counting on the support of those
desiring the legislation.
AUTO UNION BACKS PLAN
DETROIT, Feb. 18.-(P)-Homer
Martin, president of the United Au-
tomobile Workers of America, said
tonight he had telegraphed President
Roosevelt an assurance "of the sup-
port of our organization in your pro-
gram for the reform of the United
States Supreme Court."
6 Die In West Coastj
WarshipExplosion
SAN PEDRO, Calif., Feb. 18.-()P)-
-An exploding five-inch gun manned
by marines killed six men and injured
10 aboard the demilitarized battle-
ship Wyoming today-injecting star-
tling reality of war into peace-time
fleet maneuvers.
The explosion occurred during the
culminating phase of the four-day
sky, sea and land fighting in which
3,700 marines, 750 army troops and
a dozen naval vessels engaged at San
Clemente Island, 60 miles offshore.
9,600 Registered
For New Semester
The second semester was opened
Monday with 9,181 students en-
rolled in classes. After yesterday's
late registration, the total was ap-

By BONTH WILLIAMS . T
Captain Vic Heyliger, out of theC
line-up since January 23 with a bad
leg infection, will be back at center
ice tonight when Michigan and Mich-
igan Tech clash in the Coliseum in t
the third tilt of a four-game seriesA
with the mythical hockey champion-
ship of Michigan at stake. The open-a
ing face-off is scheduled for 8 p.m.u
The Wolverines, fresh from a 4-2
triumph over Western Ontario and
with Bill Chase looking like he didn
two years ago when he helped Mich-A
igan to their first Western Confer- n
ence championship in a long time, ap-
pear to be back in the best of form.
And they will have to be. The!
galloping Tech Miners bring to Ann
Arbor one of the greatest puck teams
ever to-represent Michigan College of
Mines.
The miners split with the Wolver-
ines upon the latters' first semester
invasion of the copper country, and
reinforced with a great goalie boast
triumphs over Sault Ste. Marie, the
Alaska Polar Bears and Minnesota.1
At Houghton the Wolverines were
shut out in the initial encounter,.
1-0, but came back in the second
game to eke out a 3-2 win and square
the series.
In order to add the mythical Mich-
igan crown to their 1936-37 hockeye
laurels, Coach Eddie Lowrey's clubr
will have to get better than an event
split on Coliseum ice. Two wins, or at
tie and win will give the crown to1
(Continued on Page 3)r
Lansing Hears t
New Teachers'f
Security Plan
State Fund Of 2 Millions'
Would Give Maximum
Benefits Of $1,200
LANSING, Feb. 18.-(P)-A bill to
provide a state-wide teachers' retire-
ment fund carrying a maximum ben-
efit of $1,200 a year appeared today1
in the Legislature.
It was introduced by Rep. Isadore]
A. Weza, Democrat, Ontonagon, a1
former Upper Peninsula school1
teacher. He explained the measure
would continue the retirement fund
already operating in Detroit and out-
state, but would increase the fund
and establish a new schedule of an-
nuities.
Teachers would contribute up to,
three per cent of their salaries, but
not in excess of $90 a year as their
share of the retirement fund. A state
board would control the fund. Weza
wishes the Legislature to appropriate
$325,000 a year to the fund until it
has reached a total of $2,000,000. The
legislative contributions would cease
at that time.
The bill would fix the voluntary
retirement age at 60 years.
Under the schedule of benefits any
teacher having 30 years of service, 15
of those years in Michigan schools,
would be entitled to a $1,200 annuity.
Those with shorter records of service
would benefit proportionately. The
contributions of any teacher retiring
after less than five years of service
would be returned.

Freuchen 20th'
Polar Explorer
To Speak Here
Ann Arbor might well be called the
necca of polar explorers, according
to Professor-emeritus William H.
Iobbs, of the geology department,
vho has been responsible for the ap-
pearance of 15 of the 20 explorers who
have visited Ann Arbor in the past 50
years.
Most recent of these is Peter Freu-
chen, author of "Artic Adventure,"
actor and technical director of the
movie, "Eskimo" and former resi-
dent governor of Thule' Colony,
Greenland. He will deliver a Univer-
sity Lecture at 8:15 p.m. today in
Hill Auditorium. The lecture will be
illustrated by slides and motion pic-
tures, according to Professor Hobbs.
Admission is free.

Among the world-famous explorers
who have visited Ann Arbor, are Sir'
Hubert Wilkins, Capt. Bob Bartlett,
Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd, Ad-
miral Robert E. Peary, Sir Douglas
Mawson, Dr. Larry Gould, Roy Chap-
man Andrews, Dr. Fridtjof Nansen,
William Beebe, Commander D. H.
MacMillan, and Dr. Knud Rasmussen.
Higfhway Group
Maps Campaign
For New Roads.
Legislature Asked To Use
Sales Tax Revenue For
Highway Construction
An active campaign to obtain larg-
er appropriations for county and state
roads was promulgated yesterday by
the Michigan Association of Road
Commissioners and Engineers in the
final session of the 23rd annual
Michigan Highway Conference here.
As a preliminary step in this dir--
ection the legislative committee of
the Association reported that the
state highway department had
agreed to, support use of revenue
from the sales tax on automobiles
and allied products for road main-
tenance and improvement purposes.
At present gasoline and weight taxes
are the sole source of state highway
revenue..
Legislature Petitioned
A resolution petitioning the legis-
lature to appropriate more money
for state and county roads was
adopted by the Association, with the
introductory statement that former
retrenchment had placed the state's
finances in "excellent" condition.
Discussion on the allocation of
highway funds to municipalities
brought out declarations that the ur-
ban districts are already receiving
far more money from the state per
mile of road than do the counties. In-
corporation of county reports on road
finances into a sustained program for
a desirable allocation of state funds
was urged by Dr. Louis Webber, form-
er deputy Secretary of State.
Van Wagoner Praised
Other resolutions passed .by the
Association included a recommenda-
tion' to the counties to specify con-
tract work for all roads, a statement
of appreciation for the work of Mur-
ray D. Van Wagoner as state high-
way commissioner and Louis Nims as
W.P.A. director, and a second state-
ment commending the University for
its sponsorship of the Conference aid
moving that the series be continued.
of directors of the Association.
Officers of the Association named
at the meeting are Samuel Yockey,
Harrisville, president; Carl T. Bowen,
Grand Haven, vice-president and
George Tramp, Iron Mountain, secre-
I tary-treasurer.

ST. LOUIS, Feb. 18.-()-On the
ourth day after reopening, following
ettlement of a nation-wide strike af-
ecting General Motors; the Chevro-
et-Fisher Body plant of the Corpora-
ion here was closed today because
f another strike.
But the closing was of short dura-
ion. Delmond Garst, executive sec-
7etary of the St. Louis union of the
7nited Automobile Workers of Amer
ca, announced late today after a
onference with plant managers, that
an agreement has been reached and
ll workers will be back on the job
t 730 a.m. tomorrow.
DETROIT, Feb. 18.-R)-Negotial
ors for General Motors Corporation
nd the United Automobile Workers
wiftly reached an understanding
which they expected would settle a
ew strike at the Fisher Body-Chev-
'olet plants in St. Louis, Mo., tonight,
ind prepared to continue tomorrow
their discussion of remaining issues
n the widespread strikes which end-
d last week.
Tentative Agreement
Although the St. Louis dispute in-
terrupted the sixth session of the
conferees, Wyndham Mortimer, first
vice-president of the union, said to-
night a tentative agreement on ma-
hinery for the handling of griev-
ances of union employes of General
Motors had been reached.
The union has asked for the estab-
lishment of a national tribunal, but
whether this was agreed upon, or if
so, what form it would take, was not
disclosed. Details of agreements on
individual points at issue will be
withheld, it was said, until a complete
composition of all differences is
reached.
The conferees tomorrow will begin
definite discussions of the union de.
mands for seniority rights based on
length of service. This question, it
was learned, has been touched on
only incidentally up to this point.
Other issues awaiting determination
include hours, wages and speed of
production.
Union representatives expressed the
belief the negotiations might be con-
cluded in a week or two. The confer-
ences started Tuesday.
Many Complaints Received
Among complaints reaching the
conference room today were reports
received by Ed Hall, union official,
from locals at Flint, Anderson, Ind.,
St. Louis, Cleveland, and Janesville,
Wis., that union members were being
shifted from the jobs they held be-
fore the strikes.
In addition, Mortimer charged that
at Flint, "under the guise of plant
protection, non-union workers (in a
Chevrolet plant) are being armed
with clubs and paid a premium of an
hour's wages each day to intimidate
union members." He said the union
would insist that such practices be
stopped.
Lansing UAW Heads
Labeled GM Spies
WASHINGTON, Feb. 18.--()-A
"reformed" under-cover man told
Senate investigators today that "all
the officers of the United Automobile
Workers' union in Lansing, were once
on the payroll of the Pinkerton De-
tective Agency"-then operating a
far-flung espionage system for Gen-
eral Motors Corporation.
Lawrence Barker, one-time opera-
tive, said ageny officials had in-
structed him to vote against Presi-
dent Roosevelt and to fight the Com-
mittee for Industrial Organization,
sponsor of the recent General Motors
strike.
Testifying before the La Follette
Civil Liberties Committee, the swar-
thy, curly-haired youth asserted that:
He served as vice president of the
Lansing union.
Spying "Effective"
His fellow officers-President Car-
roll Trotter, corresponding secretary
Clyde Cook, financial secretary Tho-
mas Regan, and Treasurer Clyde
Mulligan-also were Pinkerton 'in-
formants. '

Spying was "very effective in kill
in'g the union. Once, numbering
nearly 100 per cent" of the Lansing
workers, the membership dwindled
until only the five nfficers were left.

Brief Strike
In St. Louis
Slows Peace
Negotiations
Plan Reached For Hearing
Grievances; Discussion
Of SeniorityIs Next
Union Says Armed
Intimidation Grows

situation he suggested an improved
income for the lower classes and
democratized contraception.
He also condemned the nation's
high divorce rate which he blamed
partly on the lack of sex education
and dissemination of information
on birth control.
"Schools must institute courses to
prepare the youth of the nation for
marital adjustment just as they have
instituted courses to prepare for eco-
nomic adjustment," he declared.

Professional Societies Learn How
Lie Detector Exposes Thieve

i
r #
}
J,

How the lie detector which science
has provided criminology confounds
the falsifier was explained last night
by Lieut. Harold Mulbar of the Mich-
igan State Police before a joint meet-
ing in the Union of the Washtenaw
County Bar Association, the Ann Ar-
bor Lawyers Association and the
Washtenaw County Medical Society.
Lie detectors-otherwise known as
Keeler polygraphs-are in regular use
by the state police, Lieutenant Mul-
bar stated. Although no one is forced
to take a lie detection test against his
will, suspects are asked if they wish
to clear themselves by means of the

similarily to the usual medical meth- j
od except that the right instead of
the left arm is used, while changes in
the respiratory rate are transmitted
to the graph by another device placed
over the chest.
After a suspected criminal or wit-
ness has agreed to the lie detection
test, a definite procedure is followedI
in the testing, Lieutenant Mulbarl
continued. First it is essential to pro-
duce a calm and cooperative attitude
in the suspect as delineated on the
graph. An interval of about 15 sec-
onds is allowed between successive,
questions, and marks are placed on

proximately 9,600 students, according
to Miss Marian Williams, statistician
in the registrar's office, as compared
with 8,964 registered at this time
last year.
More than 400 students registered
yesterday, according to Miss Smith.
The 9,600 mark reached yesterday
afternoon has already topped last
year's final count of 9,445. Indica-
tions are that the final registration
to be completed before the end of the
week will be more than 10,000 stu-
dents.
First semester registration was 10,-
646.
Prof. Winter Ready
To Sail.For Europe
Tnf Inhn0- Nminar nnirmn o

250 Law Students Sign Petition
Protesting Roosevelt's Proposal

More than 250 students in the Law
School have already signed a protestt
against "enlargement of the Supreme
Court . . . as proposed in the recent
bill" which will be sent to Senator(
Ashurst, chairman of the Senate Ju-
diciary Committee, and Senators,
Vandenburg and Brown of Michigan..
The petition, which includes an1
endorsement of the proposals for
Federal District and Circuit Court re-
organization and a suggestion for
acting on these two objectives sep-
arately, was signed predominantly by
members of the Lawyers Club.
Onposition Vehement

zation of the judiciary before the
Congress of the United States, and
(2) Indorsing the reorganization
of the Federal District and Circuit
Courts, and
(3) Suggesting the consideration
of these two objectives in separate
bills to be acted upon according to
the sentiments herein expressed."
'Necessary Check On Court'
Among student comments on the
plan were these:
"Some one has said that the Su-
preme Court should not be able to
veto what the people's representa-
tives, Congress, have deemed wise for

Two hundred freshmen. athered

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