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March 20, 1937 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1937-03-20

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The Weathit
Ra in or sow toay; tombr-
row, siiow flurr''ies.

Y

Sir 41

~iai1

Editorials
Proposal
For The C'amipu..

VOL. XLVII No. 122 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MARCH 20, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Conservatism
Of 6 Regents
Hit By Shields
Seeking Post
Regent Candidate Charges
Board 'Out Of Harmony1
With Present Times'
Van Wagoner, Lynch
SpeakersAt Rally
By WILLIAM A. SPALLER
The Board of Regents is "out of
harmony with present times" because
of its conservatism, Edmund C.
Shields of Lansing, Democratic can-~
didate for Regent, said last night at
a Democratic rally in the Whitney
Theatre.
"By electing us (Shields and John
D. Lynch of Detroit, his running mate
on the Democratic ticket for the two
Regents posts to be filled) you will*
have four out of eight on the Board
of Regents who at least think in har-
mony with our present times," hef
said..
dfemocrats Sponsor Rally
Mr. Shields spoke at the rally with
Mr. Lynch, Murray D. Van Wagoner,
Democratic state highway commis-
sioner who is seeking reelection in
the April 5 election, and Mrs. Lavinia
Masselink of Big Rapids, candidate
for the State Board of Agriculture
the control board of Michigan State
College.
Mr. Shields, who was appointed
Regent by former Governor Comstock
in 1933, told the small audience that
the regency position was "the only
office I want, the only one I'd take.
I've had chances to run for governor
and other high offices, but I'm nott
interested."
A member of the governor's Civil
Service Study Commission, which is
headed by Prof. James K. Pollock of
the political science department, Mr.
Shields said that he was "absolutely
in favor" of the civil service bill that
is now awaiting approval by thet
House of Representatives.
'Platform Is Record'
Mr. Lynch earlier on the program
had urged the election of Thomas F.
McAllister and Water McKenzie to
the State Supreme Court.
"There is not a bit of sense in us
electing a New Deal majority, there
is not a bit of sese in us electing
Frank Murphy, unless we are going
to have a Supreme Court that will
interpret these laws right," the can-
didate for the Board of Regents de-
clared.
Mr. Van Wagoner said his platform .
is his record.r
Speakingof the gap in the new
pavement on the Ann Arbor-Jackson'
Road, he said "I am not going to
promise that this gap will be built
because I am not running on prom-
ises. But I will say that Murray D.
Van Wagoner or any other state
highway commissioner would hardly
deserve the respect of the people he
serves if he were satisfied to leave
such a gap in such a fine new high-
way. It just isn't good engineering
or good business."
Sheriff Forms'
Special Police
To Fight Strikes
The "Veterans Military Police," a
force of 1,000 special deputies in
Washtenaw county, will be reorgan-
ized to forestall any violence, sit-

down strike or mob rule as the pos-
sible result of labor disputes in the;
county, Sheriff Jacob B. Andres an-
nounced yesterday.
The body will be called out to help
the regular force of deputies to en-
force the law only in case of emer-
gency, Sheriff Andres said. It was
formed about four years ago after
Ypsilanti's "torch murders," but
soon became inactive.
The recent nationwide outbreak of
sit-down strikes prompted him to
reorganize the reserve force, the
sheriff said.
"We are determined that there
shall be no violence, no illegal occu-
pancy of private property, no disob-
edience of court orders and no mob
rule here in Washtenaw county," he
said. "I will recruit this force of
special deputies until I have 3,000, if
necessary."
Recruiting is to begin at once, the
sheriff said. Members will be selected
from veterans in the American Le-

Military Board Begins Inquiry
Into School Explosion Disaster

Corpses Of 425 Children
Recovered From Wreck
Of Building
AUSTIN, Tex., March 19.-UP)-
The state government moved with
determination today to ascertain the
cause of the explosion which took
hundreds of children's lives at New
London and prevent, if possible sim-,
ilar catastrophies in the future.
While the flag on the granite cap-
itol drooped at half staff, the legis-
lature ordered an inquiry into the
disaster, following action by Governor
James V. Allred, who had instituted
a military investigation by natural
guard officers, and the fire insurance
department, which dispatched an en-
gineer to the scene.
The House of Representatives voted
to contribute a portion of salaries for
relief purposes.
Conflicting accounts of the num-
Roosevelt Son
Attacks 'Aloof'
Supreme Court
Bench Sets Itself Apart
From Will Of People,
President's Aide Says
ATHENS, Ga., March 19.-(/P)-
James 'Roosevelt, administrative as-
sistant to the President, his father,
charged tonight that the federal ju-
diciary "has been able to take ad-
vantages of circumstances to set it-
self aloof and apart from the will of
the people."
Defending the chief executive's
federal court reorganization plan at
a belated Democratic victory dinner,
young Roosevelt added that the ju-
dicial branch of the government "has
failed in its obligation to remain
within its own sphere of action. It
thus has failed to cooperate in a
democratic form of government."
The speaker drew an analogy be-
tween the nation and a -watch.
"The watch is running today, but
it may stop," he said. "Why? Be-
cause there are still abroad in for-
eign lands, uncontrollable, unpre-
dictable forces; because we will have
several million unemployed in our
own country; because there are
signs of the reappearance of false
speculative values; because forces are
at work which tend to throw the
farmer and the working man again
out of balance."
Illness Forces Eddy
To Delay Concert
Nelson Eddy has again postponed
his engagement to sing in the Choral
Union .concert series because of the
renewal of his laryngitis ailment, it
was announced last night.
Eddy was scheduled to appear
March 25 in Hill Auditorium but he
will be forced to postpone his concert
here for an indefinite period, Charles
A. Sink, president of the School of
Music explained. It was not known
yesterday when Eddy would be able
to keep his engagement.
He was forced for the same rea-
son to postpone his concert once be-
fore,
PLAN DEMONSTRATION
Permission for the use of the li-
brary steps as the site of the April
22 peace demonstration will be asked
of the University by the Peace Coun-
cil, Julian Orr., '37, president, an-
nounced last night.

ber of dead ranging from 396 to 495
-were received through state agen-
cies.
Evidence that the emergency situa-
tionhad eased came in an announce-
ment by Governor Allred that he
probably would raise martial law to-
morrow since the necessity for it
'seems to be practically over at this
time" and "the regular authorities
now have the situation in hand."
Meanwhile, telegrams of sympathy
and offers of aid poured in from gov-
ernors and other states, presidential
cabinet members and prominent per-
sons throughout the nation.
INVESTIGATION BEGUN I
NEW LONDON, Texas, March 19.-
(P)-The tragic task of wresting the
twisted bodies of 425 children and
teachers from explosion shattered
wreckage of the London Consolidated
School was finished today and a
military board rapidly began to trace
the cause of the nation's worst school
disaster.
Dripping wet from a pouring rain
and the perspiration of their her-
culean exertions, an army of oil field
workers-many of them seeking their
own children or already knowing
them dead-filed out of the tangled
debris.
Fatalities in hospitals and in am-
bulances en route to emergency sta-
tions were expected to push the total
number of dead past 450.
Definite indication that seepage gas
caused the explosion-a theory first
advanced by Superintendent W. C.
Shaw who lost a son in the tragedy
-came when Major Gaston Howard
said Dr. E. P. Schoch, University of
Texas chemistry professor, would tes-
tify.
Court Assembles
At Austin, state capital, legislators
passed resolutions in both houses
calling for a legislative investigation
even as Governor James V. Allred's
military courtof national guardsmen
assembled here.
Hard, driving rain in the early
morning hours made the final few
hours of work of digging for bodies
a difficult matter. Workers, stripped
to the waist, passed bricks and debris
along a hand-to-hand chain, using
peach baskets.
Mot or Trouble
Fails To Halt
Amelia's Dash
Unoiled Bearings Threaten
Potential Disaster; New
Starting Date Set
HONOLULU, March 19.-(AP)-En-
gineers found "a potential disaster"
threat in Amelia Earhart's $80,000
flying laboratory today but failed
to deter her in preparing for one
of the most dangerous phases of her
projected aerial dash around the
world. -
To assure a daytime landing at
unlighted Howland Island, Miss Ear-
hart decided late today to begin her
hop about 1 a.m.
Wilbur Thomas, motor expert, said
an examination disclosed the pro-
peller bearings were almost dry when
she sped into Honolulu yesterday at
the finish of a record flight from
Oakland.
He asserted the condition might
have forced Miss Earhart down at
sea had she taken off yesterday as
originally planned on the lap to tiny
Howland Island, 1532 miles to the
southwest.
The expert, who came here espe-
cially to check the plane's motors,
said improper lubriants at Oakland,
starting point of the world flight,
caused the dangerous situation.

Neal Resigns
With Charges
Of Censorsip
Accuses Board Chairman
Of Direct, And Ruthven
Of Indirect Suppression
Cause Is Article
On Appropriations
Charging University censorship of
the news columns of The Daily, Fred
Warner Neal, '37, associate editor, re-
signed from his position yesterday.
Prof. William A. McLaughlin of the
Romance Language department,
chairman of the Board in Control of
Student Publications, was charged in
Neal's statement with direct censor-
ship and President Ruthven was ac-
cused of indirect censorship.
President Ruthven was quoted by
Neal as saying that no student or
no professor has the right to go to
Lansing during the sessions of the
Legislature."
Order For Deletion
Neal's action came, he said, as a
result of Professor McLaughlin's "or-
der for deletion" of a portion of an
interview secured in Lansing that day
concerning a statement from a mem-
ber of the Legislature, Rep. Harry
Glass, Democrat from Grand Rapids,
in which Mr. Glass changed his fhor-
mer position of opposition to the
University appropriation bill, by
pledging support of any appropriation
for the University agreed on by the
ways and means committee of the
House. a
Neal's statement reads as follows:
"I am resigning from my position
as associate editor of The Michigan
Daily because The Daily was cen-
sored by University authorities.
"The censorship and order of sup-
pression came the night of March 17
from Prof. William A. McLaughlin
of the Romance Language depart-
ment, chairman of the board in con-
trol of student publications. He or-
dered that a portion of a story con-
cerning a statement from a member
of the Legislature be deleted. Pres-
ident Ruthven said in a telephone
conversation later that evening that
he would not directly order the story
out and 'that the Board in Control
runs The Daily, and you will have to
take your orders from it.'
'Misunderstood The Rules'
"The President further said that
'no student or no professor has the
right to go to Lansing during the
sessions of the Legislature.'
"The censorship of Professor Mc-
Laughlin was direct; that of President
Ruthven indirect.
"I simply do not choose to work
on The Daily under those conditions.
I have misunderstood the rules of the
game. I had labored under the mis-
apprehension that The Daily was a
newspaper, its news columns open to
all news. I find that that is not so;
that The Daily may not print ma-
terial to which the University admin-
istration objects; that, although it
does not speak for the University, it
Is a University organ.
Urges Clarification
"I regret to leave The Daily. There
is absolutely no animosity between
Professor McLaughlin and myself. He
is acting according to what he be-
lieves to be the best interests of the
University. I respect him, but his
concept of The Daily simply differs
from mine.
"As an employe of the Board in
Control, after the order not to run
the story from Lansing, I had no
alternative but to obey. I do not
choose, however, to remain subject
to such orders in the future.

"I will be glad to be of any assis-
tance to The Daily in the future, in
an unofficial capacity.
"The status of The Daily with re-
gard to the University was, to me,
apparently, in doubt. I think it should
be made clear.
"Fred Warner Neal."

Leaves The Daily

Arrest Order Fails
To Delay Chrysler
Peace Negotiations

FRED WARNER NEAL I
McCoy Details
Medical Battle
With Diseases'
Section Meetings Occupy;
Second Day Of Michigan
Academy Session Here
How medicine has combated
death-dealing epidemics of leprosy,
influenza, plague and other conta-
gious diseases was reviewed last night;
by Dr. George W. McCoy, former di-1
retor of the National Institute of
Health, speaking before a joint ses-
sion of the medical science section of
the Michigan Academy of Science,
Arts and Letters and the Society of
Michigan Bacteriologists.
Epidemics Puzzling
Influenza and leprosy remain, he
admitted, two of the most puzzling
of epidemics, although many facts
have been gathered on them. Ap-
pearance of leprosyhis much more
frequent in males than in females,
and in certain geographical regions
(of which Michigan is not one), he
declared. Long proximity to infect-
ed individuals does not seem to be
an important cause, in itself, of the
disease, however, he stated.
Amoebic dysentery was considered,
until 1933, to be transmitted only by
carriers who worked with food, he
said, but in that year medical history
was made by spread of the disease
through an infected water supply in
two Chicago hotels.
Other medical history-making cit-
ed by Dr. McCoy was the prevention
of scurvy by use of citrus fruit juices,
diagnosis of pellagra as a nutrition
and deficiency.
Meetings Continue Today
Mice and men have much in com-
mon, Prof. Lee R. Dice, president of
the Academy last night told a meet-
ing of all the sections of the academy,
gathered in the Union to hear the
annual presidential address.
The address marked the close of a
busy day. for the 400 educators and
students attending the Academy
meeting, 42nd in its history. Continu-
ation of the programs of most sec-
tions will occur today .in the same
locations, and election of the officers
for next year's Academy will con-
clude the proceedings this afternoon.
A reversal of precedence rather
than a new constitutional amend-
ment was cited as the measure need-
ed to get the Supreme Court "out of
its present jam" by Dr. Raymond C.
(Continued on Page 21

House, Senate
Stage Heated
Strike--Debate
WASHINGTON, March 19.-(,.)-
Angry debate over sit-down strikes i
rang through both Houses of Con-
gress today.
It produced rival contentions that
the President "gets his orders" from
John L. Lewis and that the Supreme
Court is responsible for industrial
warfare.
Senators from Michigan-center of
strike tension-wrangled over the at-
titude of their state government.
Sen. William A. Borah (Rep.-Ida.)
asserted that sit-downers are "fight-
ing for what they deem to be their
rights in an economic system domin-
ated in large measure by lawless-
ness."
A Michigan Republican, Rep. Clare
E. Hoffman, declared that "we have
a state of armed rebellion."
He told the House:
"The President is the boss of Con-
gress, all right. But who does he
get his orders on labor from? He
gets them from Lewis."
Contending Supreme Court deci-
sions had stripped the states of their
power to preserve industrial peace,
Sen. Hugo L. Black (Dem., Ala.)
argued that Congress' authority also
had been "whittled down" until it
was "impossible to pass legislation to
alleviate these conditions."
Senator Ellender (Dem., La.)-
Huey Long's successor-touched off
the controversy by denouncing sit-
down tactics as un-American and
"nothing short of a holdup."
Borah quickly replied. He .ack-
nowledged such strikes "find no jus-
tification in law," but attributed
them "largely to the fact that vast
economic forges, vast corporate in-
terests, are living in violation of the
law."
Speaking with measured emphasis,
Borah declared monopolies and in-
dustrial combinations are "crushing
out of existence hundreds of thou-
sands of small business men" and
"destroying the purchasing power of
the great mass of people."
Justices Will Not

Testify In

Dickering For Settlement
Centers About Murphy
In 12th Day Of Strike
Rumor New Plan
To End Sit-Down
Workers Offer Evacuation
In Return For Promise
Not To Open Operations

Senate

DETROIT, March 19.-(P)-Inten-
sive efforts toward peaceful evacua-
tion of 6,000 Chrysler sit-down strik-
ers whose arrest was oraered today,
were in progress tonight, centering
about Governor Murphy.
One " report, without confirmation
in official circles, was that the basis
for negotiations was this:
Evacuation of eight Chrysler au-
tomobile plants here tomorrow in re-
turn for a written pledge from Wal-
ter P. Chrysler, chairman of the cor-
poration's board, thatno attempt
would be made to operate them pend-
ing negotiations; that no dies or ma-
chinery would be removed, and that
Chrysler executives conferring with
union leaders- would get down to
"bed-rock" negotiating, on the un-
ion's demand for exclusive bargaining
rights for 67,000 employes.
Refuses Sole Bargaining
Throughout more than two weeks
of conferences, representatives of the
Chrysler Corp. have flatly rejected all
proposals advanced by the union
representatives, asserting that each,
in different form, demanded exclu-
sive bargaining recognition, which
they were not willing to extend.
James F. Dewey, United States De-
partment of Labor Conciliator who
aided Governor Murphy in the long
conferences that ended the General
Motors strikes a mnonth ago, again
headed for Detroit tonight.
Murphy, in frequent telephone
communication with Washington,
pushed his efforts for peaceful settle-
ment in a series of conferences
through the afternoon and evening
with leaders of the union and the
Chrysler Corporation.
Keller, Campbell Confer
K. T. Keller, Chrysler president,
and corporation attorneys, conferred
late today with Circuit Judge Allan
Campbell, whose injunction against
the sit-down strikers, issued last
Monday, was ineffective in clearing
the plants.
Defiant union members, 'solidifying
positions behind barricaded factory
gates, expressed little concern at the
possibility that a sheriff's force of
120 deputies might try to serve writs
for their arrest.
Detroit Police
Will Not Touch
True Sit-Downs
'Bonafide Employes' Will
Not Be Interfered With,
Says Supt. Frahm
"Bonafide employes conducting a
legitimate sit-down" will not be dis-
turbed by Detroit police forces, Supt.
Fred W. Frahm declared yesterday,
according to the Associated Press.
Frahm's statement, amounting to
a denial of strikebreaking intentions,
followed a day during which police
broke into seven strike-closed stores
and a food products plant in a drive
against "non-employe sit-downers."
The paralyzing inter-city truck
drivers strike ended with a 60-day
truce which released freight estimat-
ed at 200 million pounds, and pro-
vided for negotiations on wage and
hour demands the Associated Press
reported.
Kicking out glass at two places, 210
policemen raided the seven down-
town Detroit shoe stores, while sev-
eral hundred other officers entered
the Dossin Food Products Company
factory.
Workers Federation
Will Meet In Union
The Student Workers Federation

WASHINGTON, March 19.-()-
Justices of the Supreme Court de-
clined today an invitation to give the
Senate judiciary committee their
opinion of the Roosevelt court re-
organization proposal.
Leading members of the opposition
group in the Senate, eager to obtain
testimony from the justices, had ex-
tended the informal invitation. They
reported with disappointment that
the justices prefer to keep aloof from
the current controversy.
A possibility remained, the Sen-
ators said, that some members of the
Court might testify later on the pure-
ly procedural aspects of the Pres-
ident's bill, although they thought
this prospect a doubtful one.
This disclosure was made at the
end of a day, in which the commit-
tee went ahead with a list of wit-
nesses from the law schools and uni-
versities favoring the bill.

McClusky Is Conducting Branch
County Youth Guidance Project

Laudes Atque Carmina' To Mix
With New 'Pennies From Heaven'

By HORACE W. GILMORE
A demonstration project in youth
guidance, of which the purpose is
to improve opportunities for young
people, and which is under the direc-
tion of Prof. Howard Y. McClusky of
the education school, is now beingI
carried on in Branch County, workingI
with every agency in the county that
has anything to do with young people.
The project, the first of its typeI
in the country, is a part of the W.
K. Kellogg foundation of Battle Creek
and the Extension Division of the
University. The Kellogg foundation isi
financing the project, and it is work-<
ing through the Extension Division.
Professor McClusky and his assis-
tant Alvin :ner rrad. an into the

as another part of the project, he
said. To hide the identity of the
students, each participant in the
survey is asked to give a fictitious
name.
In explaining that this is the only
project of its kind in the country,'
Professor McClusky told of the sur-
vey being taken by the American
Youth Commission, which is backed
by the Rockefeller Foundation of New
York. This project, which is on a
nation wide basis, consists of only a
survey, while the local project is go-
ing in and correcting defects as well
as taking a survey, he said.
To aid the project, adult education
consisting of a question and answer
bureau which Professor McClusky

Case Club To Give
Freshman Honors
Freshman members of the Law
School case clubs conc:ud.ed their ac-
tivities for the 1936-37 competition,
with the hearing of four final cases
on Wednesday and Friday afternoons.
The eight winning freshman counsel
will be presented with case club
awards Founders Day, April 23.
Winners inthe fouraclubswere
Harold V. Hartger and Jack F. Smith,
Marshall club; R. G. Eubank and
Abraham Zwerdling, Holmes club; B.
G. Cox and S. R. Stroud, Story club;
and Bernard Weissman and James H.
Wiles, Kent club.

By EARL R. GILMAN
"Laudes atque Carmina" does mix,
with "Pennies From Heaven," Prof.'
Wilmot F. Pratt, University Caril-;
lonneur, recently found and there-,
fore starting April 1 he will conduct
request programs of old and popular,
songs once every other week on the
Baird Bells.
Recently, Professor Pratt broad-,
casted from the carillon tower over
radio station WJR during one of the
regular University programs. To in-
sert a little variety, he said, he de-
cided to try a popular sdng and chose
"Pennies From Heaven " He re-
ceived so many letters recommending
the selection ahd asking for more of
+h enV- A 1,n Annro a lra - I

Professor Pratt has received many
comments on his playing. An uni-
dentified person wrote him a letter a
short time ago telling him that he or
she and another party had heard
the bells while they were walking in
the arboretum. Professor Pratt be-
lieves that the carillon will thus be
a welcome addition to parties in the
arboretum this spring and summer.
By far the quaintest communica-
tion Professor Pratt has so far re-
ceived came in the form of a poem
from a self-styled graduate, fifth
grade, third ward school, asking for
popular tunes:
A sound upon the air
Picked un the ears most everywher_-

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