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March 13, 1937 - Image 6

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1937-03-13

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T HE MICHIGA N DA LY

SATURDAY, MARCH 13, 1937

B g Boats' Recent Rough Trips

Amelia Will Take 'Flying Laboratory' On World Flight

I4
Big Boats' Recent Rougrh T rips
Were Unavoidable, Bragg Says
By EARL GILMAN strong enough to transmit the re-
There is no special significance to quired amount of horsepower," he
the recent disastrous ocean crossing stated. "The Queen Mary in her
of the Italian superliner Rex, March special trip required 200,000 horse-
7, and to the battering of the gigantic power, sent through four shafts, to
Queen Mary on which several people get her to Europe in four days. It
were injured, Prof. E. M. Bragg of would be necessary for the 1,250 foot
the marine architecture department ship to have 750,000 horsepower to
said yesterday. make the trip in three days and an
"No matter how large the boat is," impossible number of shafts, at least'
he pointed out, "if a large enough 15 propellers. ,
wavehapensto catch it broadside, In conclusion, Professor Bragg
iwave happenstdaagedd pointed out that there would be little
Recent attempts to streamlinethe sense in a ship making the trip in
bighips tofessor Bragg said, are three and one-half days because it
big ships, Pkfso rg ad r would then have to wait for daylight
foolish since the wind often hits the would t s hae gtr Talgt
ship either broadside or at an angle to unload its passengers. inTptrip
to the direction at which the boats woumately three days in order to be of
are going. These large boats are not maeytredy nodrt eo
successes financially because of their any value.
large size, he added and are built
through the aid of government sub- Smith To Talk
sidies for advertising purposes.
700 Feet Is Good SizeA, D 1)

1'

-Associated Press Photo
Mrs. Amelia Earhart Putnam is shown in Los Angeles with her staff looking over a map of her course on a
projected around the world flight. She plans to take off from Oakland, Calif., within a few days in her
$80,000 "flying laboratory." Left to right: Capt. Harry Manning, navigator; George P. Putnam, her hus-
band; Mrs. Putnam; Paul Mantz, technical adviser, and Bo McKneely, mechanic.
Concert To Be Given Prof. Thompson Foresees End
By Clarinet Quartet
The Warmelin Clarinet Quartet, Of 'Devd-May-Care-Pilot' Era'
--n -F --" f r n li + ntn

The passing of publicity seeking,
devil-may-care fliers from the ranks
of commercial aviation was foreseen
yesterday by Prof. M. J. Thompson
of the areonautical engineering de-
partment.
Large airlines are no longer willing
to put valuable ships and goodwill
into the hands of irresponsible dare-
devils, Professor Thompson declared.
They prefer competent fliers to the
occasional great pilot with a reputa-
tion for sensation to maintain.
Professor Thompson also stated
that the field of active flying tends
increasingly to be dominated by col-
lege men. Not only is reliability be-
ing stressed, but commercial flying
has become so complicated a problem
that an engineering background is re-
quired. Actual flying is normally
done automatically and the pilot

takes controls only for takeoffs and
landings. Navigation has become the
principal job of the modern flier. At
present T.W.A. requires college train-
ing for its personnel while other
companies prefer it.
There is usually a scarcity of col-
lege men entering flying as a profes-
sion because the age of retirement is
very low, averaging about 45, he ex-
plained. Although every effort is
made to transfer pilots to adminis-
trative positions after this age, there
is not the security of other engineer-
ing jobs. As a result less than 10
per cent of the graduates of the areo-
nautical engineering department go
into active flying.
At present one of last year's grad-
uates is a co-pilot with the American
Airlines, while several others are in
the Naval Reserve Corps.

"A good size for an ocean-going
liner could be measured by the di-
mentions of the American S.S. Wash-
ington and the Manhattan which are
about 700 feet long," he continued.
"These boats, practice shows, are of
good economical size and can be
operated so as to make money. They
are not too large for cruises."
He showed that the big liners are
usually good for about 15 years,
though they can be made to last for
50. During a year five per cent of a
coat's cost is given over to depre-
ciation, five per cent to interest and
four per cent to insurace and repairs
besides the expense of wages for the
crew, port charges and operating ex-
penses. Therefore, he added, a ship
must take in at least 35 per cent of
its principal each year.
No New Trends
There is no new trend in the ma-
rine architecture of these new large
ships, Professor Bragg said; the only
difference being in the interior dec-
orations. He said that the new ships
are being built more and more along
the lines of a big hotel.
As to the possibilities of some boat
cutting the time for crossing the At-
lantic from the present record of
four days to a shorter period, Profes-
sor Bragg pointed out that the size
of the ship would have to be in-
creased from the present 965 feet of
the record-holding Queen Mary to at
least 1,250 feet.
"Then there is the question of
whether or not a shaft could be made

A DoUt Bureau
Of Government
Harold D. Smith, director of the1
Bureau of Government, will extend
the services of that organization to
the University of Pennsylvania today
in Philadelphia when he relates its
experiences in municipal government
reform.
Mr. Smith, who is also director
of the Michigan Municipal League
was invited by the Wharton School
of Finance to address a meeting for
'he formation of an Institute of Local
Government at the University of
Pennsylvania.
It is planned to model the insti-'
tute after pioneer organizations of
which Mr. Smith is director.
Local government associations like
the Municipal League cooperate with
university divisions like the Bureau
of Government to perform research
work in municipal problems and train
future officials of units of local gov-
ernment, it was explained.
HANDBOOK TRYOUTS CALLED
Tryouts for the business and edi-
torial staffs of the Michigan Hand-
book are to report at 3 p.m. Tuesday,
March 16, at Lane Hall, William B.
Olsen, Jr., '37, editor of the Handbook
announced yesterday.
"Activity this year will lead to
higher positions on next year's staff
of the 'Freshman Bible,' " Olson said.

Freezing And
Thawing Hurt
County Roads
. Damage done to the county's black-
top roads by the alternate thawing
and freezing of the past winter has
been greater than that done by any
other possible weather conditions this
winter, according to Kenneth L. Hal-.
lenbeck, country road manager.
During most of the winter crews
have been busy patching breaks in
the county roads, but in many places,
where considerable stretches of pave-
ment have been broken up, patching
has been useless, Mr. Hallenbeck
said.
In many places sections of roads
from 100 to 500 feet in length will
have to be entirely rebuilt. Mean-
while these broken stretches will
have to be maintained as gravel
stretches, he said.
Other roads have not been greatly
damaged this winter, though the
county has been put to great trouble
to keep running drags over dirt roads
during a large share of the time. Re-
duced cost of snow removal during
the past winter has greatly reduced
the 'costs of keeping the roads in
condition.
Need For Religion
Will Be Hillel Topic
"Is There A Need For Religion" will
be the topic of a symposium at 8 p.m.
Sunday, March 14, at Hillel Founda-
tion with Leo Kirschbaum of the
English department of the engineer-
ing college, Fred Brandeis, Grad., and
Max Bussel, Grad., as speakers.
Edward Sherman, '37L, chairman
of the symposium, said yesterday
"The purpose of this discussion is to
provide for a free exchange of ideas
on the need and nature of religion,
regardless of how startling or novel
the idea."
"An inscription engraved on Angell
Hall mentions 'religion' as 'neces-
sary,'" Sherman stated. "But there
are some who genuinely believe that
the time has come to cross this out.
Perhaps an asterisk should be placed
after this word and somewhere else
on the building words inscribed that
explain it. However, before we can
discuss our peculiar sects or even plan
a comprehensive program ought we
not to ask, what is religion and is
there a need for it today," Sherman
said.

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